Newspaper Page Text
k Advrtiemnents inrtd a! the rateg
IS1UBLISHEr sure (onw inch for first inser~to
IS cents for ach subsequet inser:
~ ~ A ~~i! ~ 1Don 'Me rolun iadvert:ise:nen]ts teni per C4:
EVER:Y WEDNESDAY \MORNING, rNoices of meetin.s, bituaries and tribut< S
- :re.pect, '.ame ra:es per square as ordina,y
At Newberry, S. C.
At Neberry s. ~S1i N Not:ces in Local column 15) e( :.is
BYnot marked with the nm
BY THO. P. IRKKKKR, Iand chiargedi accordingiy.
Editor and Proprietor. - e na dw r d
___________ tsers, n: I hieral deductions on a bove rates.
Terms, $2.00 per .duum,
A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Invariably in Advance.,Mgg
r -rie paper is stopped at the expiration of DNWTNE ES NDDPT
time for which it is paid. X I W M
r The i mark denotes expiration of sub ol. . VI. W EDNESDAY M O N
Rt . CIIAPMAN MON
Respectfully announce that they have on
hand the largest and best variety of BU
RIAL CASES ever brought to Newberry,
Fisk's Metalic Cases,
COFFINS of their own Make,
Which are the best and cheapest in the
Having a FINE HEARSE they are pre
pared to furnish Funerals in town or coun
try in the most approved manner.
Par.ticular attention given to the walling
up of,graves when desired.
' . Give us a call and ask our prices.
R. C. CHAPMAN & SON.
May 7, 1879. 19-tf.
6 The Best Agricultural Journal Published in
A LABGE QUABTO of 32
ed, fle wit choe ed
ing of interest to the far
mer, with an illustrated
fashion department forthe
$2 a year, $1 a X year. Sample copy 15 eents.
Address: J. H. ESTILL
$ Whitaker street, Savannah, (.j
Sample copy of "The Savannah Wefy News," a iname
mot 8.page nempaper. or of the "Daly Morni
ews,' the leading daity of the Southeat, at on
reept of 8-cent satW. Address as aboe.
NEW YORK SlOPPlNG,
Everybody is delighted with the tasteful
and beautiful selection made by Mrs. La
mar, who has NEVER FAILED to please her
customers. New Fall circular just issued.
Send for it.
Address MRS. ELLEN LAMAR,
877 Broadwvay, New York.
Nov. 26, 48-tf.
SHAVING AND HAIR DRESSINGi
Plain Street next door to Dr. Geiger's Office,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Room newly fitted and furnished, and gen
tiemen attended to with celerity, after the
most approved styles. Nov. 22, 47-tf.
NA 'iONTH guaranteed. $12 a day
af home made by the industrious.
*aoital not required; we will start
you. Men, women, boys and girls
make money fa.ster at work for us than any
thing else. The work is light and pleasant,
and sniefras anyone can go right at. Those
who are wise who see this notice will send
us their.addresses at once and see for them
sewea Costly Outfit anel terms tree' 'ow
Is the time. Those already at work ar 'y
inguplarge sum of money. Address TRU
& CO., Augusta. Maine.2' -
Foreign Llterature, Science and A rt.
TheECLECTIC MAGAZINE reproduces from
foreigni peridicals all those articles which
are valuable to American readers. its tield
of selection embraices all the Ie:uling Fir ign
Reviews, Magazines and Journal<, an'd coen
saits the tastes of all classes of readers.
Its plan includes SCIENCE EssAYS, RE
VIEcws, SKECEs, TRAVELS. POET RY, Nov.
EL.s, SBORT STOaIES, etc., etc.
The following lists comprise the principal
periodicals from which selections are made
and the names of some of the leading writers
who contribute to them:
Quarterly Review IRt HonW E Gladstone
Brit Quarterly Review Alfred Tennyson
Edinburgh Review Professor 'duxley
Westminster Review Professor Tyndall
Contemporary Review Rich. A Procter, B A
Jortnightly Review JNormanLockyerFRS
TheNineteenthCenit'ry Dr W B Carpenter
PopularScienceRevi'W E B Tylor
Blackwood'sMagazinle Prof Max Muller
Cornhill Magazine Professor Owen
McMillan's Magazine Matthew Arnold
Fraser's Magazine E A Freeman, D C L
New Quart. Magazine James A'thonyFronde
Temple Bar Thomas Hughes
Belgravia Anthony Trollope
Good Words .William Black
London Society Mrs O siphant
Saturdaiy Review . Turgenieff
The Spectator, etc etcel Miss Thackeray, etc.
Er The ECLECTIc MAGAzINE is a lIbra
ry in miniature. The best writings of the
best living authors appear in it, and many
costly volumes are made from materials
which appear fresh in its pages.
S FEEL ENGRALVINGS. Each number
contains a fine steel engraving-usually a
portrait-executed in the best manner.
These engravings are of permanent value,
ad add much to the attractiveness cf the
TERMS-Single Copies, 45 cents, one copy,
one year, $6; five copies. $20. Trial sub
scription for three months, S1. The EcLEC
TIC and any $4 magazine t.o one address, $S.
Postage free to all subscribers.
E B. PELTON, Publisher,
Dec. 10, 50--3 25 Bond Street, New York.
One Hundred Raw Hides,
At PINE GROVE TANNERY.
MARTIN & MOWER,
Oct 1., 1879. 42- tf.
HATS, SHOES, &c.
NEW FALL STOCK
tTR1GliT & J. W.00 POt
Invite attention to their elegant stock of
CIothing & Fumishing goods,
Both in Quality and
Suits Fine, Medium, Common,
LOWER THAN EVER.
CIVE US A CALL.
WRIGHT & J. W. COPPOCK,
No. 4 Mollohon Row,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
Oct. 1, 17-1y.
E- CHEAPEST AND BEST! 4a
FULL-SIZE PAPER PATTERNS !
17 A SUPPLEEBNT will be given in every
number for 1880, containing a full-size pattern
for a lady's, or child's dress. Every subscriber
will receive, during the year, twelve of these
patterns, worth more, aloue, than the subscrip
on price. .
"PnEsoN'S MAGAzINE" contains, every
ear, 1,,,(0 pages, 14 steel plates, 12 colored Ber,
in patterns, 12 mammoth colored fashion plates,
l4 pages of music, and about 90t wood euts. Its
prictpal embellishments are t
SUPERB STEEL ENGRAVINGS! f
Its immense circulation enables its proprietor s
tospend more on embellishments'stories, &c.,
than any other. It gives more for the money,
and combines more merits, than any in the
world. In 1880, a NEw FEATURE will be intro
duced in the shape of a series of
SPLENDIDLY ILLUSTRATED ARTICLES,
ITS TAL S AND NOVELETS
Are the best published anywhere. All the most
popular writers are employed to write originally
for 'Peterson." In 1880, FIVE ORIGINAL c
OYR!GHT NOVELETS will be given, by
Ann S. Stephens, Frank Lee Benediet, Frances [
odgson Burnett, &c., &c., and stories by Jane
. Austin. by the author of "Josiah Allen's C
Wife,' by Rebecca liarding Davis. and all the
est female writers.
AMMOTH COLORED F&SHION PLATES
Ahead of all others. These plates are engraved
on steel, TWICE Thx USUAL sizia, and are un
equaled for beauty. They will be superbly col
red. Also. Household and other receipts; ar
ies on "Wax-Work Flowers,"' 'lausgement
f Infants;'' in short everything interesting to
Tmus (Always in Advance) $2.00 A YAR.
er Unparalleled Offers to Clubs. 4W
2 Copies for 68.50; 3 Copies for $4 5's; W ith a
opy of the premium picture, 24x20, a costly
steel engraving, -WASaINGTON AT VALLEY (
Fon," to the person getting up the Club.
4 Copies for $6.50; 6 Copies for $9.00; with C
an extra copy of the Magazine for 1880,as a
remium. to the prson gttingu the Club.
5 Copies for $8u; 7 Copies fo 10.50; with t
both an extra copy of the Magazine for 1880,
nd the premium picture, to the person getting f
p the Club.
For Larger Clubs Still Greater Inducements! f
AddessCpot ARLES J. PETERSON,
336 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. t
[! Specimens sent gratis, if written for.
Oct. 8, 41-tf.
Illustrated Floral Guide,
A beautiful work of 100 Pages, One Colored
Flower Plate, and 500 Illustrations, with De
~criptions of the best Flowers and Vegeta- t
bles, with price of' seeds, and how to grow
them. All for a FIVE CENT STAMP. In En-I
glish or German.
VICK'S SEEDS are the best in the world.
FIVE CENTs for postage will buy the FLORAL
GUIDE, telling how to get them.
The FLOWER AND VEGETABLE GARDEN, I
175 Pages, Six Colored Plates, and many
undred Engravings. For 50 cents in paper
overs; $1.00 in elegant cloth. In German
VIcx's ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY MAGA
EINE-32 Pages, a Colored Plate in every
number and many flne Engravings. Price
$1.25 a year; Five Copies for 55 00. Speci
men Numbers sent for 10 cents; 3 trial
opies for 25 cents. Address,
JAMES VICO, Rochester, N. .Y.
Dec. 31, 1-tf.
gg rseC@IR'E."-The location of an exeei
'M InS:ition of Learning near a celebrated Fountaio,
of Health affords an unusual opportunity tenons
serh of health and educationto the. Jedes ~vingd
acces to the WBm.aQagbeO84&the pup
of te'Wusu Fmn Cm dvote afewunuhtes ev
p also ofa
soz's HmL'a Stad 1toislrugl~
ONE DOLLAR A YEAE.
Otra MONTHLY is a magazine devoted to gen
eral and religious reading. Its contains 24
double column pages, and every endeavor will
be made to make it worth the money.
Every charitably inclined person should sub
scribe for it, as the entire subscription is devoted
to the support of the orphans in the
of Clinton. S. C.. bywhom all the work upon it
is done. it is carefully edited and is worth the
Srice asked for it. Will not the friends of the
Urphanage get up a list of subscribers for us and
so enable deserving boys to assist in supporting
All subsriptions should be sent at once to the
editor and publisher,E.W .PJAO ,
Oct. 20, 42-tf'. Clinton, S. C.
Any Book or Article
In the Stationery Line
NOT IN STOCK,
Will be ordered and furnished at publishers'
or manufacturers' regular retail price.
Leave your orders at the
HERALD STATIONERY STORE.
rHE CAPTAIN'S DAUGIITEt
She has eyes like the starling,
My one only darling,
'he wee, bonnie lassie so precious to me;
Sue was born on the water,
My fair little daughter,
'hen tempests raged madly and wild wa:
Near Scotland's green border,
When all was disorder,
took thee, sweet babe, from the arms of m3
The fair, blue-eyed fairy
Alas! My poor Mary
ave up, for her darling, her own preciou:
Her grave is in Scotland;
Her spirit-ah! what land
Tould suit such an angel but heaven above
Yet we still are true lovers,
For Mary now hovers
round us in gentleness, beauty and love.
The captain's fair daughter,
Though many have sought her.
till roams with her father the wild ocean
And in bright sunny weather
They visit together
he grave on the border of sweet Seotia'i
uis Five Mothers-in-Law,
A REAL TRUE STORY.
A!ost husbands and wives, if w(
nay credit all they say, find il
ifficult to live in the same hous<
vith a mother-in-law, but 'Ok
iol B-' (as be was commonly
:alled), of Boston, dwelt in peact
nd comfort for several years witl
ive ladies bearing that relation tc
When I first knew that old gen
leinan he appeared to be aboul
ifty, but was in reality aboul
ixty-eigbt, and had a charming
vife who was then twenty-six
,nd two lovely children, a boy
,nd a girl, one seven, the otbei
ive. His children by his first
rife were all married, and some
f his grandchildren were alsc
aarried, and themselves had chil
ren older than Mr. B--'s twc
On the first day of my visit al
is pleasant home not many milei
romi Boston, as 1 took my place
t the dinner table with Mrs
3-, 1 was surprised to see fiv<
ld ladies come into the room to.
~ether, and to be introduced t<
ach of them as follows."M
wn mother, Mrs. B-, senior
ay next mother, Mrs. Henry ; my
bird mother, Mrs. James; my
ourth mother, Mrs. William ; my
ift b mother, Mrs. John.'
Mrs. B--, senior, who seemet:
he youngest of the old ladies
aughed aloud at my look of con
ternation-a melodious laugh foi
ne of her years-and every on
miled but Mr. B-, who in
oked t be blessing with his usua
~ir and led the table talk on dif
erent topics. That evening ir
be parlor, young Mrs. B- gav
s5 some music, and the old ladiei
etired early one after another
he 'own mother' going last, whe:
he was tenderly assisted up stairn
~y her son. On his return Mr
3- said to me, with a smile o:
'I see that you are, as the ladice
ay, 'dying to know' what all thi:
neans. I purposely did not tel
you that I have five mothers-in
aw, because 1 always like to seo
~he effect produced by my house
~old on other people. You, fo:
nstance, live so differently, al
lono; how do we appear to you 1
'Harmonious and happy ; but
aave seen you together only
very short time. What is you
avery day experience ?'
'Much the same, especially sine
my dear wife came into our house
rold. I had all the old ladie
when shie arrived.'
'But where did you get them al
hey cannot all belong to you ?'
'Yes, every one of them. I hav
four mothers-in-law, and as mi
own mother is my wife's mothec
in-law, of course that mak es fly
mothers-in-law in our house. Nov
as my wife is just going to b~
little one's nursery I will tell yo
about my old ladies.
'When I married my first wife
her mother, who was a widov~
,anr to jive with us. She was
good creature, and had seen pretty
hard times, having supported her
self by school-teaching and sewing
for several years, and she seemed
to greatly enjoy my comfortable
home-I was always a thriving
man of business. So one day I
said to her, 'Now, mother, there
is no reason why you shouldn't
make your home with us always
while you live; you can bring
your own furniture, if you choose,
or you need not ; the room you
now occupy shall be your own al
ways, and beside what my wife
may do, I will give you fifty dol
lars a year for your clothes (that
was an ample sum for a woman to
have all to herself in those times).
You can teach if you wish to, or
do anything else to earn money if
you wish to; you will always be
welcome to our table and parlor,
or, if you prefer, you can cook
for yourself in your own room
Only one thing I will expect in
return-you must never make any
mischief nor quarrel with anybody
in my house about anything. And
if sometimes you are displeased
you must go to your room and
pout it out alone, only join us
again when you feel pleasant. For
I won't be worried, least of all
will I have my wife worried by
anybody. Now, mother, what do
you say ?'
She only said, 'You are a good
man, Solomon B-, and the Al
mighty will reward you, and I
thank you from my heart. I will
do my part."
So I never had any trouble with
her. We all lived together twenty
years, and then my wife had an
attack of pneumonia and died
and soon after that my own mo
ther was left a widow and came
to live with me. My mother is
only sixteen years older than 1
am, and being so lively and smart
she seemed quite like a younger
sister to mother Henry, and they
got on easily together, But after
awhile, when the children were
all about grown, I got so lonesome
that I coaxed a real nice, sensible
lady of Philadelphia, not hand
some. but just as good as gold, to
marry me ; I told her all about
my old ladies, and found she bad
two mothers living with her, her
own mother and her husband's
mother. They had neither of them
any property, but she owned a
house and took boarders in it to
support them all.
Well, .[ made the same proposi
tion to her old ladies that I had
made to my mother-in-law, and
they both agreed. Then I went
home and built an addition to my
house, and soon brought my sec
ond wife and her mothers there.
WVe had some occasional pout
ing at first, but I always held two
points without yielding-I was
the mast.er in my own house, and
would never let anybody worry
my wife. So, pretty soon, my
four-in-hand learned to travel
'Ab, me ! I looked forward to a
happy old age with that dear
wife, but in two years she was
killed by a railroad accident. I
was with her on the train, and
was badly hurt, lying for weeks
in a state of' unconsciousness.
Whben I recovered, my dear wife's
grave was green. I felt so bad, and
my health was so poor, that I
did not care for a woman again
until all my children were mar
ried and I was left alone with my
four old ladies.
r'Then I met a pretty little ro
mantic widow, whbo was 'so sorry'
for me ! She wrote poetry and
painted pictures, and was dying
all the while of consumption
that scourge of our city ; and I
thought as she had a struggle to
take care of' herself and her hus
band's mother, I would smooth
her passage to the grave.
- So I married ber and her mo
ther-I wean-well, you know
what I mean. I treated her mo
ther-in-law just as 1 did the other
old ladies, and that wife lived
seven years after all. I made her
so happy that she adored me, and
rwe had the sweetest baby you
ever saw ! Oh, what a lovely crea
ture that child was-a little an
gel ! She lived on ly three years,
and then faded away. But 1 have
,several beautiful pictures of' her,
n ainted by her mother.'
'And did you have no troubl
with that mother-in-law ?'
'Not while her daughter-in law
lived ; she was always taking car<
of her sick child and grandchild
But when Emma was gone and al
seemed quiet again, the old lady
wanted to marry me.'
'What ! Emma's mother-in-law?
'Yes. She was a handsome .vo,
nian still, and she knew it; about
my age, and no relation what
ever; so she set her cap at me.'
'And that made a commotion it
the house ?'
'Well, yes. Yes, it did. I never
knew my mother to get into u
real rage till then. She was mad i
She told me to go right off am.
get a young wife-the younge
the better! Then I got mad! .
stormed away at all my old ladie
together ; threatened to break UT
housekeeping and turn them out
upon the world, away from the
pleasant home which they ha
enjoyed so long that they really
believed to be theirs.
'Finally, I declared I would
have them in it, to fight like Kil.
kenny cats, while 1 would live at
a hotel in the city. And I kept
my word. I lived at one hote
after another, but always went
home on Saturday- nights to gc
to church the next morning at
usual, and take my old ladies fo
a drive in the afternoon as usual
so that the neighbors should not
be gossiping about us.
'How good they were to me
then ! They lived together like z
nest of kittens. But my motbe:
assured me that peace would not
n last if I lived at hom e w ithout 4
wife ; so when I met a pretty lit
tle orphan girl who had not
relative in the world I told hei
all about my affairs. and the swee1
creature, with tears of pity in he:
eyes consented to marry me an
be good to my old ladies. And
she kept her word, both in lette:
and spirit, and I am thankful thal
life has given me so many bless
Just then, young Mrs.-- re
turned, and though I observec
through the evening that he:
manner toward her husband wa1
more that of a beloved and loving
daughter than of a wife, yet sh<
appeared more serenely happy
tban any woman I remember tc
This story is from life, excepting
that I have changed all the names
Sol. B-- has been dead some
years; the will he left was as jus
and manly as his other acts.
FOR THE HERALD.
New York Fashions.
Stylish Eccentricities-Jewelry-A Prophec3
of Spring-New Features in Dress
and Business. -
A short time since, a well dressed
lady came toward me, but she seemaed
to have forgotten her bonnet. Not
trace of i, was visible. Regarding
her, therefore, with atLtntion, I ob
served as she passed that a swal
something hung at the back of hei
ead. It was her hat. The samt
day I saw another and yet anothei
lady wearing a hat suspended in lkt
manner, which so far as a front visior
went, served in no wise the legitimat<
purpose of a hat. Of course ther<
were no strings, for that would havy
transformed these decidedly useles;
appendages into bonnets. At presen
the ight is no longer a rare one
Now and then may be seen what il
all probability might be termied.
winged hat. Specimens of this specie
are made entirely of wings. Qait,
small ones are used and you may ium
agine the nu:nber required. The tur
ban shape is preferred for a display c
these remarkable efforts of milliner;
skill and the wings project out il
every direction like so many thorns o1
a briar bush. A finishing touchi
given by a bird (sometimes quite;
large one) and the wings are of ever;
possible and impossible color put t
gether. Yet such a hat does not at
tract any very great attention. On
does not turn to look at it, for ou
eyes have grown used to anything i
Ithe way of birds and birds' plumage
The other evening a lady appeare
wearing a costume adorned with a
ils to dozn differently colore
birds; most of them quite large al
not a few with wings extended. B
some were quite small; notably
the corsage where ten humming bit
were placed on one side, against o
l larger bird on the other. A little bi
was perched on each sleeve at the
bow (where the sleeve ended) and o
was at the back of the neck. In
the latest thing is the 'kerchief pi
which owes its origin, rise and pr
gress to the silk 'kerchief craze whi<
has overtaken us this winter. Alme
every lady you meet wears a silk 'ke
chief tucked in around her neck, ar
now the seekers after novelties a
superadding an ornamental pin, .ju
such a pin as gentlemen have for
long time worn in the:: neckties-th
is so far as the fundamental idea goe
But here, as elsewhere, when a woms
takes a matter in hand we find chang
for the better. Men remained sati
fled with all sorts of heads wakir
wry faces at you, skulls and cro
bones, or if they ventured away fro
these things, contented themsely
with tobacco pipes, whips and repi
sentations of like character, behevih
them quite beautiful. Now we fl
the loveliest devices in the way of tit
bouquets of flowerets, minute and fai
fern leaves, frosted bells and fifty oth
such pretty notions.
A PROPHECY OF SPRING.
Cashmere ideas will lead next sur
mer. "Cashmere" thus used, has n
thing to do with that highly respe<
able material, so.called, and which
generally understood to belong to t
family of merinos. The word "Cas
mere" in this newer sense is deriv
from the vale of Cashmere in Ind
and is used to signify Oriental ide
in many differing varieties, but bea
ing general resemblances which i
immediately recognize. Cashmue
materials have been among the min
elegant used this winter, both in m
linery and costumes, and now t
latest agony is Cashmere stocking
All this is excellent. We Weste
people stand first where sewing in
chines, pianos and such like are c
cerned, and we electrify the wor
with our electric lights, but for mu.
that is beautiful, we must acknowled
the Orientals as our superiors ai
therefore we do well to copy aft
them. Writing of pianos, remin
me of the fact that some of the m<
elegant New Year's gifts made he
were Haines Bros. pianos. All th<
instruments are excellent and of sui
rior workmanship, but a special c
mand seems to hive arisen for the
uprights, which not only embody
the latest and best ideas, but ha
special features of their own. An i
portant on-e is that their uprights ha
three strings, while those of oth
makers have only two. Their numb
is 124 Fifch Avenue.
A NEW DEPARTURE.
Among original devices the pu
lishers of thatiwell known periodic
Ehrich's Fashion Quarterly, have 1
upon the idea of offering their Maa
zine free to all who may subscribe
other magazines through their agen<
Thus a reader of Harper,~ Lippinco
the Atlantic Monthly, etc., who i
sires to renew his subscription I
only to forward the usual price of t
periodical he may..wish to Messi
Ehrich, and receive in return not or
the magazine but the Fashion Qu;
terly as well. In this way a ve
popular Fashion Magazine is placed
the disposal of every family free
charge, and the result will be a migh
increase in the already vast subscri
tion list cf the Quarterly. The fli
sare now also issuing an entirely na
tpremium list, such as books for you
- nd old, laces, fancy goods and a h
dred other articles, which may be <
a tained for the trifling laboi of et
e vassing for subscriptions to a Mas
zine worth double the money chargt
Messrs. Ehrich promise to send ti
Spremium list free to any address.
Among new overskirts we find t
SAlethea, which is extremely styli
and pretty. The Aspasia polonaise
also quite navel and very graceful, 3
!not more so than the Cressida, whi
is likewise a polonaise. The T
chette is a new costume for girls
from fourteen to sixteen.
SFour hundred thousand perso
,are employed upon the railroa
g of this country.
d My heart is its own grave.
yn Some Interesting Facts and Figures About
this Great Invention-Money for the South.
rd Atlanta Constitution.
In writing recently of the re.
suits of the experiment of the
proprietors of the model little yarn
mill at Westminister, S. C., we
were led into making some ap
Q, proximate comparisons of the
0- amount of money that would be
b saved to the planters and to the
St South, if each neighborhood work
ed its cotton into yarn before
id sending : to market. In the very
re nature of things, the figures we
St used could be only approximately
a correct, but they were based upon
at the results of the Westninister
s- yarn factory, which are unde
n niably correct. Thus, tor instance,
es the yarns are spun from the seed
s- cotton. This fact, which is a fact,
io annihilates, the cost of cotton-gin,
ss packing, screws, bagging and ties.
m Annihilates, did we say ? On the
es contrar' the cost-the expense of
e- keeping the gins in order and of
g employing labor to run them, the
d cost of bagging and ties-is in a
Y moment turned into ready cash,
ry which the farmer retains in his
er pocket. This is the first and im
mediate result of the new process.
Let us, in this connection, present
a. some more figures that are at least
o. approximately correct. At the
it- very lowest estimate, the services
is of one hundred thousand gins are
se required to aid in preparing a crop
h- of 5,000,000 bales of cotton in
,d market. We will assume, thei'e
fore, that there are 100,000 gin
as houses in the South, and that
r- these gin-houses are worth $750
ve each. Some are worth more and
re some less, but we will roughly es
st timate their worth at $750, which
il. makes the value of the Southern
le gin-houses $75,000,000. How of
ten does this property have to be
r renewed. We can give no figures
a- here, but it is sufficient to say
that from the 1st of September,
ld 1874, to the 1st of September,
~b 1875, the newspapers of Georgia
echronicled the burnimg of 146 gin
id houses. The chronicle was kept
er by two papers, the Columbus En
ds quirer and the Savannah Aews,
st and the first made the number 146
re and the latter 136-if we remem
~ir ber correctly. Add to this those
e- that were never reported to the
e- newspapers and we have 136 gin
~ir houses burned in Georgia in one
dl year. From February, 1872, to
re September, 1873, according to a
.tolerably careful list kept by one
ve of the editors of the Savannah
er News, there were 157 gin.bouses
er destroyed in Georgia by fire. This
is a terrible record, but every suc
ceeding year has added to the list,
and scarcely a day passes that our
b- exchanges do not chronicle the
destruction of one or more gin
ait hous3s. It must be obvious, there
a- fore, that to any estimate of the
to value cf thbe 100 000 gin-houses in
Sthe South must be added the cost
tt of renewing them more frequent
e- ly than any other species of prop
ase:-ty. This may be called the risk,
2e and amounts to a considerable
-.pcn.of thbe $75,000,000, thboughb
how much we shall not undertake
rto say. Another fact to be taken
ry into consideration is that this
aproperty is in ueoanaverage
Sonly one month of the twelve
ty which is equivalent to paying a
P year's interest on a sum of money
m for the privilege of using it one
gThbe thoughtful reader can make
estimate fitted to his infor'mation.
b- Wye have merely given the cue;
-but any estimate must show a
a. terrible array of figures to offset
dthe profits of the cotton crop, and
athe waste is worse tban the drain.
Just here the Westmninister pro.
he cess steps in between the planter
sh and his gin-ho uses, and by abol
is ishing the latter and rendering
et their renewal useless, lputs seven
Sty-tive millicons in the empty
pockets of the South. But this is!
of not all. At a low estimate it costs
the planter $1.50 to prepare his
bale of cotton for market after it
is ginned-to dress it in an appro
ns priate suit of bagging and bind it
ds with ties. Let us say, then, that
the bagging and ties of a crop of
5,000,000 bales costs the South
$5,250,000 in cash or its eqniva
lent. In the present condition of
things it is a cut that is absolute
and inevitable, and to annihilate
it is to add the sum it represents
to the profits of the cotton crop.
This, according to the testimony
of eye wiltnesses.is what the West
minister mill does. The cotton is
taken from the baskets as it comes
from the field and converted into
marketable yarns, far more val
gable for all purposes of trade and
commerce than the cotton that
has been ginned, baled and com
pressed. At a rough estimated,
100 per cent. has been added to
the price it will fetch the farmer,
so that with all the cost of gin
houses out of the way, the vast
cost of bagging and ties, the loss
in sampling and stealage, the cost
of weighing and storage, and the
thousand and one commissions
annihilated, the farmer has his
cotton in the shape of yarns, and,
leaving out of sight all the saving
in the costs that are done away.
with. it is worth 100 per cent.
more than the cotton that is pre
pared for market in the old way.
We must confess that we are in
clined to be enthusiastic in regard
to this new process. There can
be no sort of mistake as to what
it accomplishes, and we believe it
is a solution of a problem that has
long vexed the South. In our
opinion it revolutionizes the pros
pects -of this section and opens up
to us a future of unexampled
prosperity. Are we too sanguine ?
This depends upon whether the
Westminister mill can accomplish
these results with which it has
been credited by those who
have seen it. We have been
told that some prominent mann
facturers, after looking at the ma.
chil:ery of the mill, have doubted
the accuracy of the reports that
led them thither. But they were
dvceived by the very quality
wbieii gives the mill its value
namely, its simplicity. Used to
po1deruus machinery, they could
not conceive how such simplicity
could Produce such wonderful re
suIts, but they were convinced ai'
ter witnessing the operations of
Howbeit, no one need make a
mistake in this matter. T'ne
Westminister mill and others of
the same kind are all easy of ac
cess. No one who has any though t
of investing can go asryor be
misled by anything that may be
said by enthusiastic newspapers.
The process is open to inspection.
We look forward to the day when
the bulk of the Southern cotton
crop will be turned into yarns on
the plantations or in the farming
neighborhoods-when every set
tlement of planters shall be trans
formed into a manufacturing town
with its churches and its schools
when the South will be as rich
and as powerful commercially and
intellectually as the North and
the East-when her thrift shall be
as widespread and her- industries
as numerous as those of New En.
gland. Capital is always on the
alert, and it will need no formal
invitation to invest in these yarn
mills if the facts are 'as represent
ed. The most hopeful feature of
the new process is that it is ingx
pensive enough to allow our own.
peop)le to invest in the necessary
machinery, and in every neigh
borhood the smallest farmers can,
by co-operating with each other,
set one of these little factories in
profitable motion. From every
point of view the matter is well
worthy the ser'ious attention of
Hardly do we guess aright at
things th at are upon earth ; and
with labor do we find things be
fore us; but the things that are in
heaven, who hath searched out.
We should learn by reflection
on the misfortunes which have at
tended others, that there is no
thing singular in those which be
The present world is called
night because it is f'ull of darkness
Felicity, not fluency of lan
guage, is a merit.