Newspaper Page Text
The Lien Law.
There are recorded in Col. W. d
Causey's ofice 6> liens for rent and
supplies, which amount to -62.884.7 i
The largest lien is for 87,0tl.
Marion Merchant and Farmer.
Those interested in the repeal o
this obnoxious and injurious law
-should take such measures as would
_--insure its repeal. Talk alone will not
do it. The planting interest in each
county must work in concert au
forward to the next Legislature sue!
formidable opinions as cannot be i_
We are greatly indebted to our
popular and clever Clerk of Court, S
C. Clyburn, Esq., for the statement
i+.at up to the 20th inst., there had
been filed in his office 2,247 liens,
including liens for rent, for fertilizers
and for supplies, aggregating in
amount something over 20,000.
Will our farmers be able to "pay out,'
is the next question
-_ Barnwell Sentinel.
The miseries of this the meanest
and most injurious law which en
cumbers the statutes of South Caro
lina, will, from present indications,
be fully realized during the comingr
winter and the whole of next year. It
is not, nor never has been, anythinga
but a trap for the destruction of
those who have availed themselves of
its apparent easy conveniences, and
we are sure that one would not be
able to find two scores of sensible men
in Barnwell County opposed to its!
abolishment after six months more
has rolled by. Its existence has
done more to keep the poor man poor
er, disorganize labor and cultivate a
desire for sharp practice in all transac
tions, than everything else with which
our farmers and planters have had to
contend. It should be wiped out
forever and eternally. As the fellow
said when he pasted the Lord's
prayer on the back of his bedstead,
'Them's our sentiments-'
While our people are discussing
with so much importance the antici
pated passage of the fence law, does
it,ever occur to them that there is one
law, to repeal which would be far
more benefit to them than any law
at could be enacted? We refer to
the lien law. It is nothing more nor
less than a system of business slavery.
ikeeps the farmer in a condition of
-penury, and forever destroys the hope
of an independent system of farming.
It -is one-sided and unjust, and as
long - as it is in force our country will
never be able to take her proper place
in the agricultural interests of the
world. Under its provisions and pre
sent practice, the farmer is virtually
the slave of the merchant, and while
the farmer is year after year strug
gling to free himself from a burden
somne and increasing debt, the latter is
gradually growing rich from the hard
earnings of the farmer, and s.apping
- he very fonndation of an occupation
that should .be the most independent
in the world ! There are some mer
chants in this State who actually
f ame here without a dollar, and who
in less than two or three years, have
grown wealthy from the practice of
this pernicious and unjust lien busi
ness. A poor, miserable, half-starved
horse is often bought for a mere song,
and is sold to the lienee for twice and
sometimes three times its value. In
many instances this same old horse is
levied upon two or three times, and is
sold upon the same terms as many
more times. Money is advanced to
the poor farmer upon an enormous
per centage, and in order to secure
S the merehant he has to give a lien on
everything he has. At the end of
the year, if the farmer makes a one
third crop, the merchant is safe, and
the farmer for his labor finds himself
Sconfronted by a debt which he will
uever be able to pay. He finds no
difficulty. however, in securing another
lien, as the merchant is only too will
ing to take advantage of a businiess in
which he is so safe, and which pays
him so liberally for so small an
amount of labor. Debt is a terrible
temptation, and when once incurred is
a terrible bin-den. We think onr
farmers have nad experience enough
to see the force of this. This law is
ruining the country. It cannot last,
and the sooner it is killed the bet
July Rieport Department of Agriculture.
Our correspondent at Allendale, in
Barn,l County, says: 'Our river
landings and R. R. depots are de
positories of Western corn and bacon,
and our merchants are the commis
saries of the Agricultural Department.
Poor horses and skinny mules, creakey
wagons and carts move up to the comn
missariat every Saturday for a few
sacks of corn and a middling of bacon
-bought on a credit at from 33 to
50 per cent. on the cash price, so
cured by a lien. Our merchants sit
in the s~hade in their shirt sleeves and
grow rich,'by dictating the terms up
on which hungry stomachs can be
flled with hog and hominy ! We are
bhewers of wood and drawars of watez'
to the adminiatrators of the blessed
lien law; but let no man say we are
not a free people:l'
Our correspondent at Laurens C.
H. says : 'From close observation I
have come to the conclusion that the
'reatest drawback to agriculture in
this State is the lien law. B3y it the
2 most worthless negro in the State can
get advances, and make a pretense at
farming, when really he is making no
crop at all and is impoverishing the
land year by year. I am discouragted
at the outlook to farmer-s in this State,
as no farm can be carried on successful
ly without brains, and the class of ten
nnt~ w~ nnw ar~ d~titute of that
The lien law demoralires labor, eu
co urages the ere"dit syltem:: -nd i ri
p.rvurislh:-s the planters. Let the
L 'i lature at its next meeting repeal
the 1:1i, um ulleyis will be filled up
cr:I made to grow. hill sides leveled
a:nd cetton factories erected.'
Our correspondent at Waxhaw.
Lancaster County, savc : 'Hlave the
lien law repealed at the next meeting
of the Legislature, and change the
fish laws. We would rather fish on
Our correspondent at Pine Plains.
Lexington County, says: 'Our pee.
pie are beginning to realize the impor
tance of living at home. They would
be greatly aided in this endeavor if
the lien law was abolished.'
Our correspondent at Bennettsville.
Marlboro County, says : 'Our far
ners should raise a more abundant
supply of horse food. Many of the
freedmen's animals are dying simply
for the lack of proper food. This
evil would be remidied by the aboli
tion of the lien law.'
Our correspondent at Rowesvilie.
Orangeburg Co., says: 'One of our
farmers wade last year ten tons of as
good hay as cur farmers this sum
mer bought for 82.25 and $2.50 per
hundred. Buying hay at that price,
corn at $1.25 per bushel, and selling
cotton at S9d cents per pound, will
ultimately bankrupt our planters.'
The Boom in Southern Rail
A correspondent of the New York
.Herald has epitomized what has been
done and what is doing in the South
in the matter of railroads. He foots
up at least 120,000,000 of Northern
and foreign capital that has been
placed in the South in the late years
for such investments. First, there
was the purchase of old roads and the
getting in of stock held by our own
citizens who wanted to change their
investments. Then there was the
building of new lines, and side
branches, feeders and the like.
Another syndicate, called the Cin
cinnati and Georgia, and organized
with a capital of $16,000,000, is form
ing a railroad system, with Chattanoo
aa as the centre, which will extend
through all Southern States East of
the Mississippi River. Ex Senator
Gordon is the head of another com
bination, the Georgia Pacific syndi
ate, capital $12,500,000, which is
building a railroad West from Atlan
ta to the Mississippi River. Then
there are the Norfolk and West
ern syndicate of Virginia, capital $11,
500,6000; the Erlanger syndicate,
building railroads in Albama and Mis
sissipi;' the Richmond and Danville
syndicate, the Louisville and Nash
ville system, all of which are extend
ing their railway connections and con
structing new lines in the South.
The Baltimore and Ohio company
has bought the Virginia Midland
road, intending to go South, as it has
already gone West. Its ancient ene
my,. the Pennsylvania Central, ope
rating through its sympathy with the
Richmond and Danville syndicate,
has outstripped it and shut it off in
its Southern race. The last tilt be
tween these companies was in trying
to capture the Atlanta and Charlotte
Air-Line. The Baltimore and Ohio
was beaten out of it, although it of
fered one per cent. more than the
Richmond and 2Danville folks gave.
Being cut off in this trade they have
now commenced building a road from
Danville, through central Carolina,
the terminus of their Southern line.
to Spartanburg, S. C. This road,
now nnder way, will cost, built and
equipped, at least $5,000,000. But
this will not be the end. The elder
Mr. Garrett, in his report to the
stockholders a few days since, said
that the Baltimore and Ohio must get
to Atlanta, which is tihe first point
they can reach where they can get
competition with their rivals. To
reach Atlanta will cost $5,000,000
ore, and it must spend millions
more before it completes its Southern
And now great new lines are pro
jeted, which not only tend to give
greater facilities to the people, but
will largely increase the profits of ex
isting roads and help to augment the
prosperity of our section. Among
them he mentions the Georgia Pacific,
to he built from Atlanta, Ga., to Bir
mingham, through the coal and iron
fields of Alabama-heretofore virtu
ally unpenetrated and the richest on
the continent-and thence to the
Mississippi River. General John B
Gordon, who resigned his Senator
ship to give himself to such enter
prises, is 'President of this company,
which contains such men as Hugh J.
Jewett, ex-Senator Barnum, of Con
necticut ; 1U. 5 Grant, Jr.; George
W. Perkins, of the Mercantile Bank ;
E. H. Perkins, of the Importers and
Traders' Bank ; Senator Plumb, of
Kansas; W. P. Clyde and several
Richmond, Va., subscribers. The
capital required by this company is
12.500,000, which has all been sub
scribed. Work is now progressing
on both ends of the line and the r3ad
is graded twenty miles each way from
Columbus, Miss., and Atlanta, Ga.
This road will make the most im
portant developrueut of the past ten
years in the Sotab.
The Colored Teachers.
Resolutions of Thanks Passed by those who
Participated in the Exercises of the Nor
Published by Request.j
We, the teachers of the State of
South Carolina, assembled at the
State Normal institute in Columbia,
feeling that the fact of having a State
Normal Institute for colored teachers
this year is due chiefly to the energy
an perseverance of the Hon. Ino-h
we ackn,:wlet:e the noble, untmiri
and continued et:jrts put forth by the
lion Hugh S Thompson. t:ate Su
erintciA t of E:ducation, i: iehaif
(f the St-te Normal Intitltt for
,t ed e:w1hers iii u State
'ies/ced, That :y this :a:t on his
part we feel that he has sho vn to the
whol. State that his heart is ini his
work and that he desires to discharge
li daty faithfully and fearlessly, amd
::v the plane of party polities
u'crsolvcd, That for the good he has
accomplished for the whole State he
should havt, the hearty endorsement
Of every Citizen of the State
Reslced. That a copy of these res
i latio ns be furnished the Hon Hugh
S. Thou,pson, and also to The C (
ui1iia Regixter, the Charleston News
and Courier, he Greenville Daly
News and the Newberry HERALD for
lIaving spent nearly a month in
this institute under the instruction of
our able corps of teachers, Professor
II. P. Montgomery, Professor II. T.
Grant and Mr. R1. L. Peters, who,
coming among us as utter strangers,
have won for themselves a warm place
in our hearts. we, the members of the
State Normal Institute of South Caro
lina, desire to place on repord an ex
pression of our appreciation of the
manner in which they have discharged
their duty, and the regard in which
they are held by us; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we tender to Pro
fessor H. P. Montgomery, Mrs. E V.
Montgomery, Professor H. T. Grant
end Mr. R. L.. Peters our heartfelt
thanks and gratitude for the efficient
and courteous manner in which they
have imparted instruction to us.
Resolc-d, Tiat as the time has
arrived for us to separate and for
them to leave our State, we feel that
we have been very greatly benefitted
by their instruction. and that they
carry with them our warmest grati
tude and friendship, individually and
Resolced, That a copy of these
resolutions be furnished each of them
and also be sent to ic Columbia
Dai'y Register, the Charleston News
and (jurier. the Greenville Daily
Netes. and the Newberry HERALD
with the renuest that they publish
No Constitutional Co:vention!
So Says the Legislative Commission by a Vote
of Five to Three-Colonel MIcCr-ady's
Scheme Destined to Moet a Similar
The joint commission appointed by
the last General Assembly to consider
all proposed amendments to the con
stitutiou held a meeting in the City
Hall in this city last night. It will
be remembered that at a previous
meeting in Columbia nothing was
done but to hear the views of the
several gen tle men who h ad any and were
willing to express them. Last night
little time was lost, the discussion
being an informal one, and lasting on
ly about an.bour and a half, although
it seems to have been quite animated.
An issue was squarely made by the
offering of a resolution declaring that
in the opinion of the cotmmission it is
not expedient to call a constitutional
The vote on this resolution resulted:
Aves-Senators Wylie, (Chairman),
and 'Witherspoon, and Mr. Hemnphill,
of Chester. Mr. Johnstone, of New
berry, and R. M. Johnson.
Nays-Messrs. Simontou, Izlar and
It is understosd that the minority
will prepare a report tavoring a con
stitutional convention which will be
presented to the General Assembly
ad vigorosuly urged for adoption.
The sentiment of the commission
appointed to consider the election
laws, which has not yet been organi
zed, however, seems to be decidedly
against Colonel McCrady's educational
qualiition measure, although that
gentleman will make a gallant and
persistent effort to secure a favorable
report for it.- Greenville Newes,
Amending the Constitution.
Greenville News, 6th.
The commission appointed by the
General Assembly to consider amend
mets to the constitution completed
its labors yesterday, anid adjourned,
subject to the call of the chairman.
Several important amendmnents were
agreed upon, and will be presented in
the shape of joint resolutions at the
next session of the Legislatue.
The first of these amends so as to
make the terms of State and gounty
officers, including members of tihe
Legisla tu re, four years, thus dimin
ishing the number of elections.
Another changes the time for State
and county elections waking them fall
on different days from those for the
Another makes the -election of
Judges for life or good behavior.
Another provides for an improve
ment in the educational department
of the State.
Another mor-e clearly defines quali
fications for voters, waking, it is
stated, unimportont changes in ex
be Wise andi HIalpy.
If yeu will stop all your extrava
gat and wrong notions in doctoring
yourself and families with the expeu
sive doctors or humbug cure-alls, that
do harm always, and use only nature's
simple r-emedies for all your ailments
-you will be wise, well and happy,
and save great expense. The greatest
Iremedy for this, the great, wise and
good will tell you, is IIop Bitters
rely on it.-P,-c.ss.
THOS. F. GRENEKER. wrous.
W. II. WALLACE,
ilEWBERRV. S. C.
\V EDNESDAY, AUG. 10. 1881.
A P.\PER FOR THLE PEOPLE.
T:e Herald is in the hi-hest respect aFatin
ily Newspaper, devotel to the material in
t:-.ts of the pl:ople of this Connty and the
State. It circulates extensively. and as an
Atdvertising mediill otrers unrivalled ad
vantages. For Terms, see first page.
The Financial Condition of the
the Lien Law.
The drought and its effects on
crops have caused much specula
tion as to the condition and pros
pects of the farming population.
In connection with this fact the
Lien Law has been very fully dis
cussed. As appears by extract
elsewhere quoted this subject i,
exciting attention in the differeni
sections of the State. The genera:
impression, judging from the tonE
of the newspapers and from the
action of the State Grange. is thal
this law should be repealed. TherE
is no doubt that the law, (Whos(
purpose is a good one,) has been
abused both by some farmers, whc
have made it a source of unnecessa
ry and extravagant credit, and b3
some merchants, who have used i
to extort an exhorbitant interest
We believe, however, that the evill
attending the law, though great
are not np-: so bad as they an
represented to be, and that the:
are, as a general thing, necessar:
evils. It is'recklessly stated tha
the farmer, under his lien, pay
from 40 to 50 per cent. interest
and even higher. This may be s<
in isolated cases, but we do not be
lieve that any respectable merchan
charges any such rates-a few shy
locks, here and there, may do sc
From personal interviews with ses
eral of the merchants in Newberr;
who do the largest lienl basines
we learn that the usual rate is abon
I5 per cent. It should be remem
bered that there is a very sinal
profit in the cash sales of groceries
The per cent. paid for "supplies" t<
the grocery merchant on liens is ni
greater than the per cent. paid ta
dry goods merchants inl cash fo
When men pay their debts ani
"square up" once a year it show
that even if they are not prospering
they are not "going deeper and deei
er into debt every year," as it is s
often said that they are doin g. Tha
they do pay their debts the account
in the Bank will show, and th
merchants will testify to the sam
state of facts as regards tbei
store accounts. And another ven
significant and gratifying facti
that more mortgages have bee:
marked satisfied in the Clerk's o:
fice during the last two years tha:
in the four years preceding. S
that we are not going to ruin, a
some would make believe. Th
drought and the consequent poo
prospects have demoralized th
people and frightened them. Whe:
people get into trouble they ar
disposed to grumble, and they soo:
find something to put the blam
upon. This time it happens to b
the lien law. But it is well enoug]
to remember that the lien law di<
not cause the drought and the con
sequent poor prospects. It is prc
bably true that the, provisions o
the lien law have been abused, an<
that it has been carried to excess
As will be seen further on, there i
a very large lien debt to be me
and paid by the growing crops
but a campanatively small portio:
of this debt rests either upon th
land or upon the landowner. I
one will take the trouble to exam
ine the record of liens, as we havy
done, he will find that far the greal
er portion of the liens has beel
given, not by the landowners, bu
by renters. The landowner gets
good profit out of his land, th
renter gets a living and as muel
over besides as he would get if h
worked the land as a simple laboi
er, and the merchant gets a fai
profit upon the supplies he far
nishes. Were the landowners t<
hire laborers to wvork their land;
they would have to furnish sup
pies. Instead of this they rent on
their lands, and the merchants fu:
nish the supplies. The amount o
"debt" involved is about the sam<
in either case ; but in the latte:
case it is seen more plainly, becaus<
then it becomes a matter of record
Th figures we are about to giv<
supplies and fertilizers, recorded ir,
the Clerk's office for this County
up to the 1st instant, is 2,937.
The amount of money represent
ed in these liens is ?239.60t0.
The number of bales of cotton 1
covered by liens, outside of the
money, is 876.
The lien debts, therefore, amount
The average cotton crop of the
County is about 25,000 bales, worth
It will take, thereforo, over one
fourth of the cotton crop to pay
It will take another fourth to pay
the accounts of our farmers in the
Bank-for cash borrowed to aid in
making the crop.
So that over one-half the cotton
crop goes for the expenses of rais
ing the crop.
The fa:rmers. therefore, save near
ly one-half their cotton crop and all
of the other crops.
Now, a very pertinent and prac
tical question-the real question in
the whole matter-is this: Could
the landowners hire laborers, sup
ply them, and pay them, and there
by save more than is now saved?
If not then the lien system, instead
of being an evil and a curse to the
farming interests as a whole, is a
convenient and a wise system.
There must *ecessarily be some
1 basis of credit, or farming otpera
tions must cease. The principal
basis of credit has been taken away
by the Homestead law. If the lien
law be repealed upon what will the
small farmers get credit? Upon
mortgages on his land, if he has
any.? . He will find that fully as
expensive as the lien system. Just
here. we would say that while many
who advocate the repeal of the lien
t law do so from a .conviction that it
i would be to the interest of the
farming population, yet there are
some, and not a few, who do it
from motives entirely. selfish-men
Swho have money that they want to
-lend on good security, who see that
.if the lieu law be repealed they will
-be able t.o lend out their money on
r real estate. If the lien law be re
s pealed that will be the only resort
t left. Th3 farmers should think
very deliberately before asking for
1 the repeal of this law ; to use a
.homely, but expressive, phrase,
>they should see that they do not
> "jump from the frying-pan into the
r As a proof that farmers can pros
per under the lien law we take, from
many, three examples. It is not
s necessary to call names, and we
, shall style the persons A, B and C.
-A started out since the war with
> literally nothing in the way of pro
t perty, and with nine small children.
s He rented land and gave liens every
e year. He now owns a $2,500 plan.
e tation, for which he has paid all
r except ab)out $300, and he owns
y stock enough to run his farm. H e
s made all by farming.
i B ten or fifteen years ago owned
- nothing, not even a horse. He
i rented land9 and gave liens every
> year. He has bought and paid for
s a $1,600 farm, and is now paying
e cash, and owns four head of stock.
r He made it all farming.
3 C ten years ago had only tw~o
i horses and a two-horse wagon.
a He rented lands, and gave liens
a every year. He has bought and
a paid for a good farm of over 200
eacres. He made it all farming.
2Simon Johnson is suffering a
punishment he does not deserve:
he deserves either to be hanged or
to be set at liberty. If he killed
SFielding McDowell, he is guilty of
a iarder for which there was, in the
language of the presiding Judge,
Sneither "justification or excuse."
If he did not kill him~ he ought not
to be punished for it at all. The
~jury after thity minutes delibera
tion upon the evidence said he was
guilty. Unless they were satisfied
of this "beyond any reasonable
doubt" they should not have so
found ; if they were so satisfied we
cannot see how they could reconcile
their minds to signing the petition
Sfor commutation of sentence, un
less they are conscientiously op
1posed to capital punishment ; and
in that evenat they should not have
sat on the jury.
rWe believe that Simon Johnson
should have been hanged. There
are too many homicides s,nd too
few hangings. More hangings
would result in fewer homicides.
bThe penitentiary has not the whole
some influence that the gallows has.
Prohibition Det'ented in North
1'The Legislature of North Caro
Slina at its last session passed an
-act prohibiting the manufacture or
14a of spirituous liquors in that
me good effect of the repeal of
the Lien Law would be that a large
nu.er of colored men who, with
ont capital or ability, try to play
b.s and rnn rented farms. would
bave to become ordinary labor. rs.
This woulc! he a real benefit to
them : for they could thus make
Another good effect would be a
saving to the land ; for nothing so
deterioriatEs and ruins land as hav
ing it scratched over a year or two
by the average colored renter.
But the greatest good would be
in the taking away of such a seduc
tive opportunity of contracting
debts that can never be paid. When
credit depends on what a man has,
and not on his expectations, busi
ness will settle down on a firmer
The bad effects are discussed in
another part of this paper.
The Greenville & Laurens R. R.
Company was organized at Green
ville. last week and the following
officers were elected : Dr. W. L.
Mauldin, of Greenville, President ;
T. C. Gower, S. S. Crittenden, W.
C. Cleveland, T. Q. Donaldson, G.
W. Sullivan, Jr., and Jno. R. Har
rison, of Greenville, and Albert
Dial, A. C. Fuller, Dr. Jno. A.
Barksdale, J. W. Ferguson, J. 0.
C. Fleming and M. S. Bailey, of
The Virginia Democratic Conven
tion met in Richmond last week.
Many prominent Readjusters came
back into the fold. Jno. W. Dan
iel was nominated for Governor,
and James Barbour for Lieutenant
Mr. J. Wesley Gilreath, of Green
ville, died the 4th instant, in the
74th year of his age.
McDow, the murderer of Thos.
L. Brayton, the revenue officer, has
skipped for the West.
Col. Boykin, the State Commis
sioner of Immigration, expects to
settle one thousand immigrants in
this State by March.
Mr. M. WV. Watson, of Ridge
Spring, recently sold 96 acres of
land, one mile from that place, for
$3,500. Mr. T. S. Williams was
the purchaser.-Johnton Monitor.
The Grand Jury in the UTnited
States Court at Greenville last
week had very little work to do.
Only one bill was handed out for
their consideration. They were
discharged Tuesday morning.
A correspondent of the Johnston
3lonitor says that he has been in
formed that a single merchant at
Chappell's Depot has advanced to
farmers in Edgefield and Newberry
over one hundred thousand dollars
Several Baptist Churches In
Edgefield County to which Rev.
James F. Peterson, deceased, for
merly ministered, and Mt. Zion
Church, in this County, propose to
raise $400 and erect a monument
to his memory.
A competitive examination will
be held at the office of the State
Superintendent of Education, in
Columbia, the 6th of September,
for applicants for Peabody Schol
arships in the Normal College at
Nashville, Tenn. Applicants must
be not less than 17 years old, and
must give evidence of good inoral
character, ability and health. Each
person holding a scholarship re
ceives $200 annually fr-om the Pea
body Fund and his tultion free.
Hon. Hugh S. Thompson, Superin
tendent of Education, will furnish
all necessary information to those
desiring to apply for Scholarships.
This Department has been'engaged
in preparing for the introduction of'
families of immigrants in clubs of 5 to
10, and a large number of applications
are received in that form for the last
of August and during the month of
September. The promotion of these
clubs is urged in each community
one or two of the number being select
ed for the purpose, taking charge of
the details and acting for the whole ,
this will save trouble. The families
will be chosen as near as possible of
the same people, and shipp,ed through
to their destination when practicable
-this will make them better satisfied
and afford to persons wishing single
servants, young girls, women and
boys an opportunity of being supplied,
and is the best way of getting them of
good eharacter. Blank applicatiuns
swill bc fu?nished to any wishing them,
-and information given.
DwARD M1. BoYKIN,
S. I ,S. C.
Notice to Creditors.
All persons having claims against the es
tate of Madison F. Workm~r., d:~e~.ased,
Tribute of Res!,ecl.
At the last rtculur Cn, m''' r V
Amity Lodge, N:: S. A. 1 -t
ing Preamble and Res~lu'i'ns v; re tn,.:ts
Wb lEitAS, IBut :L ,hort rue sin e' air
fr:::- rnatl cireh- wa i mu J . at d,1 h
ilairiedl t.ar its 'ie"tit: ,one ,t our briglitest I
Drinamen, an-i whiie we ga:ered around
his bier w%ith bowed heads .tnd grief stricken
he:I , .he question was in enibly asked,
who nextl' who next:' The grass has scarce
ly comn:encedI to grow over his grave when
the question is answered. The insa:iab!e
archer stretches forth his haid and claims as
his victim Iro. WILLIAM FREDEalCK
NANC:. And while in humble submissiou
we "kiss the rod that chastens us," neiver
theless it behooves us as men an.t as brothers
to pay some respect to his memory. "Young,
handsome and gifted, cut urf in the primLe of
life." Such is the epi:aph to be engraven
on his tomb. With a brilliant intellect and
a cultured and cultivated mind. fond of lite
rature, with pleasaut and genial manners,
of affectionate disposition, and in all things
essentially the gentleman, the place made
vacant by his death it will be hard to ill.
Weep not for him who dieth
For he sleeps and is at rest,
And the couch whereon he lieth
Is the green earth's quiet treast."
Resolved, that, in the ,.!e.th of Bro. Wm.
F. Nance, the State has lost one ut her most
devoted sons, our town une of its bt citi
zeus and Amiiy Lodge. No. 87, A. F. M.,
one of its oldest and most consistent inem
bers. and to his bereaved family and friends
his loss is incalculable.
Resolved, That we tender our heartfelt
sympathies to the family and relatives of
our deceased brother.
Resolved, That a blank page in our Re
cord Book be dedicated to his memory and
that our hail be draped in mourning for the
space of thirty days, and that the brethren
wear the usual badge of mourning for the
same length of time.
Resolved, That these resolutions he pub
lish--d in The Newberry News and the New
berry HERALD, and that the Secretary of our
Lodge be requested to forward a copy of the
same to the family of our deceased brother.
H. C. MOSES,
JUNIUS E. CHAPMAN,
Dom. Amity Lodge, No. 87, A. F. M.
Newberry, S. C., Aug. ist, 1881.
GLENN & POOL,
(Successors to Wm. F. Nance, dec'd.)
The undersigned having associated them.
selves together for the purpose of conduct
ing the INSURANCE BUSINESS, would
respectfully ask for a continuance of the
business lately entrusted to Major Nance,
and also any new business that may offer.
JAMES F. GLENN.
TENCH C. POOL.
Aug. 9, ISS1. 32--tf.
JUST RECEIVED BY
J. N. MARTIN & CO.
Aug. 10, 32-2t.
There will be a Re-Union of the Students,
ex-Students, Faculty and friends of New
berry College in St. Michael's '3hurch,
(Rev. Miller's charge) on the 13th August,
18S1. Appropriate addresses will be made
by Geo. S. Mower, Esq., Revs. HI. S. Wing
ard and J. A. Sligh and Mr. J. E. Berly.
Public is invited to attend.
GEt). S. MOWER, Pres't.
J. Baois WINGARD, Sec'y.
Aug. 10, .32-1 t.
Board at Hendersonville.
The undersigned respectfully informs the
traveling public that she can accommodate
persons with bioard, at her house thre.e
niiles from the town of Hendersonville, at
from $15 to $20 per month, with the best
the mountains can aftord.
MRS. W. D. MILLER.
Aug. 10, 32-tf.
Ve.nnor's Predictions !
For this Month's Weather, prepared ex
Sample copy mailed for 3c. Stamp.
J. M. STODDA RT, Pub.,
New York, Philadelphi4 or Chicago.
Aug. 10, 32-St.
Of Clerk and Treasurer
of Town of Nevvberry
for 1 st Quarter Ending
July 23d, 1881 -
By cash brought for'd,$ 117 47
Rec'd by Saloon Li
Re'd by Ma, ket R'-nts, 13~5 50)
Re'd by Taxes...1,651 47
Rec'd by Rents........16 (00
Re'd by Fines.......32 00
Rec'd b>y Dray Li
cenaces .............6 (o
Rec'd by Street Duty, 137 uo
Less Clerk's Conms.. .. 5. 38~ $2,238 09
TO PAID OUT.
Paid Police Force.. $463 00
Paid Street Force.... 373 60
Paid Note in Bank... 500 ta0
Paid W. A. Cline, (Ne w
Market).... ......20) 00
Paid various accounts
for supplies of horse
ing stteets, &c......376 83
Add Clerk's Com's.... 49 09 $2,012 51
To balance on hand, $225 .551
JOHN S. FAIR.
Aug. 1, 1881-lt C. & T. T. C. N.
Is hereby given that on the fifth day of
September next, we will anply to the Clerk
of the Court of Common Pleas for New ber
ry County, for. a Charter of Incorporation
for Prosperity Church, A. R. P., located
near the town of Prosperity in said County.
G. D. BROWN.
N. H. YOUNG.
H. C. MOSELEY.
A. P. DOMINICK.
A. A. KLBLER.
D. B. COOK.
J. 31. WICKER.
J. T. P. CR( SSON.
0. P. HA RRISS.
Aug. 9, 1881. 32-4t.
SUBSCRIBE FOR THE
WEEKLY PALMETTO YEOMAN,
COLUMBIA, S. C.I
It is an 8 page paper, designed for the peo-'
pie, filled with interesting matter-Family
Reading, News, Markets, &c. Subscription:
A~ Va~r ~1 ~ S~v~n Months. Sl.00
NT: Ir.u.ia, e-.- (;reenonell. Somnh
m-. t, i-.' , s :het m:.- en'al.rpr. is in l n Ihriv
l;g siy o : t StL siz--, 2 by 40
it ties. 2t c:'s:mnis of readling matter
Wee-dv. Eni.iattention ;-,ven to mat
ors rr:n;nirng. i , ;he up-country, where
io lay afe now looking. Establiishcd 57
years. The pretent Editor connected with
the o.-- si:t e 1854. $2 per annum - xI
for six mo::ts. l: w new subscribers have
bet'n enrohed =i::ce iabt Jarnuary. Try it a
while. Addi r. s
JOHN V. BAILEY, Editor.
Greenviile, S. C.
A'ig. lo, 31-tf.
Columbia & Greenville Railroad.
ow - - - -,
Co.r.VTIA. S. C., August 3d. 1881.
On and -r ';hurrtiy, August 3d, S81, the
PASSE\G :R T1RAINS vili run us herewith in
dicated upon this road and its branches.
Daily, exce;,t Sundays.
No. 42. UP PASSENGER.
Leave Colunibia.A - - a 11.t0 a m
< \-ton. - - - - 12.,S p m
Newberry. - - - - 1..,6 p m
" Hodges, - - - 343 p m
a Belton. = - - - 4.57 p m
Arrive Greenville. - - - - 6.19 p in
No. 43. DOWN PASSENGER.
Leave Greenville, - - , - 10.33 a in
" Belton. - - - 11..57 a m
" Hodges. - - 1142 p m
" Newberry, - - - 3A p m
Alston, - " - 4.46 p m
Arrive Columbia,F - - 5.50 p m
BPARTANBURG. UNION & COLUMBIA IAtLEOAD.
No. 12. UP PASSENGER.
Leave Aiston, - - - - 12.23 p in
" Strother. - - - - 12.59 p m
Lyles Ford, - - - - 1.14 p m
Shelton, - - - - .24 p m
- Fish Dam, - - - 1.45 p m
" Santuc, - - - - - 2.06 p m
Union, - - - - - 2.74 p m
Junesvi!!e. - ., - - 3.04 p in
Pacolet, - - - - - 3.22 m
Spartanburg, S. U. & C. Depot, B4.t'pm
Arrive Spartan burg, R. & 1). Depot, E 4.12 p m
No. 43. DOWN PASSENGER.
Leave Spartan burg, R. & D. Depot, H 12 48 p m
Spartanburg, S. U. & C. Depot.G 1.05 p m
Pacolet, - - - 1 39 p in
' Jonessille, - - - 159 p m
Union. - - - 2.35pim
antuc, - - - 3.02 p m
FishDam. - - - &21lpm
-- Shelton. - - 3.40 pm
Lyles Ford. - - w 3 49 p m
Strother, - - - 4.o3 p in
Arrive at Alston, - - - 4 37 p m
Leave Newberry, - - - - 3.55 p in
Arrive at Laurens C. H.. - 6.45 p m
Leave Laurens C. H., - - - 8.30 a m
Arrive at Newberry, - - e 11 30 p In
Leave Hodges. 3.47 pm
Arrive at Abbeville. 4.37 p m
Leave Abbeville. - - - - 12.15 p m
Arrive at Hodges, - - - - 1.0.5 p in
BLUE RIDGE RAILROAD AND AND-RISOX
Leave Delton at. 5.60 p in
4" Anderson -.34 p m
" Pendleton- 6.15 p m
Leave Seneca C, 7.20 p in
Arrive at Walhalla 7.46 p m
Leave Walhalla at, - - 9.23 a m
Leave Seneca D, 9.54 a in
" Pendleton. - - 10.30 a m
" Anderson,' - - 11.12 a mi -
Arrive at Belton, - - 11.48:am
On and after the above date, through cars
will be run between Columbia and Heneerson
ville without change.
A. With South Carolina Railroad from Char
With Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta
Raiiroad from Wilmington and all
points North thereof.
With Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad from Charlotte and all points
B. With Asheville & Spartanburg Rail Road
for points in Western North Carolina.
C. With Atlanta and Chiariotte Air Line Rail=
way for Atlanta and all points South
D. With Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line Rail
way from Atlanta and beyond.
F. With Richmond & Danville Railroad.
F. With South Carolina Railroad for Charles
With Wilmington. Columbia and Augusta
Railroad for Wilmington and the North.
With Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad for Charlotte and the North.
G. With Asheville & Spartanburg Railroad
UI. With Richmond & Danville Rail Road
from Charlotte and beyond.
Standard Time used is Washington, D. C.?,
which is fifteen minutes fuster than Columi Ia.
J. W. FRT, Superintendent.
A. POPB, General Passenger Agent.
one of the most desirable tracts of land
in the County of Newh"rry, containing 200
'cre's, partly~in the corporate limits of New
berry. Apply to
J. N. FOWLES.
Aug. 3. 31-3m.
Rosewood, Walnut and Cedar
Hearse and Garriages furnished, Graves
prepard, euits ma:de of either brick 0?
stone, using in their construe:ion best B'y
L. M. SPEERS,
At M1arble Yard.
Persons wishing my ser vices at night
wHI find me at my residence, or
Mr. Boyce Hunter, at Rooms over Messrs.
. & G. S. Mower's Stores.
Jun. 13, '28-3m.
All creditors of J. B. Leonard, deceassed,
will preseni their demands to me or myv
A ttorney, 0. L. Schiumper t, at Newb.erry
0. H., S. C:, and all persons who are in
anyway indebted to the said J. B. Leonard,
de'd , will pay the same to me.
D. B. WHEELER,
Administrator of the estate of J. B. Leon
Aug. 2, 18S1.31 t
The copartnership heretofore existing be
twen 0. B. Butler and R. H. Anderson,
under the name and style of 0. 11. BUT
LER & CO., has been dissolved by mutual
The business will be continLued unrder the
former name ot 0. B. BU'TLER & 60.
Newherry, S. C., July 25, 1881. 30-St
Respectfully offers its services to those
parens who desire to secure for their
daughters the thorough and symmetrical
cultivation of their physical, intellectual,
and nmoral powers. It is conducted on
what is called the "One-Study"
Plan, with a SEm-A NSCAL CoUaR of
Study ; and, by a system of Tuitional Pre
miums, its Low Rates are made still lower
for ALL who average S85 per cent.
No Publir ~xercises. No "Receptions."