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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vol. XVII. NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1881. No. 48.
SVERY THHRSD .Y MO0I\ING,
it N~ewberry, S. C.
B~Y THIO&. F. RN}KRR,
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ierans, $2:.00 per .In;nrn,
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t 3 Th p4aaeris stopped at the expiration of
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ft? The ~4 iak denotes expiration of sab
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TATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEW-BERRY.
COURT OF PROBATE.
enry Hlendrix, as Administrator of Rebec
ca Hendrix, dec'd., Plaintiff, against Re
becca J. Hendrix, John Longshore, Levi
Logshore, Lark Longshore, Antoineste
Pitts, Alice Johnson, James Hendrix,
George Hendrix, Levi Hendrix, Behton
Hendrix, Henry D. Hlendrix, Hat.tie
Teague, Sallie Nichols and Lucretia But
Summons. For Relief.
Lo the Defendag*-Rebecca J. Hlendrix,
John Longshore, Levi Longshore, Lark
Longshore, Antoinette Pitts,- Alice John
son, James Hendrix; George Hendrix,
Levi Heedrix, Belton Hendrix, Henry D..
Hendrix, Hattie Teague, Sallie Nichols
and Ltucretia Butler :
You are hereby summoned and r.'quired
o answer the complaint in this action,
which is filed in theoffice of the Probate Judge
or said County, in said State, and to serve
copy of your answer to the said comipint
m the subscriber at his office; Newberry C.
. South Carolina, within tw~enty' days af
er the service hereof, exclusive of the day
tf such service; and if you fail to answer
Ihe complaint witbin the time aforesaid,
the paintiff in this action wil'apply to the
Court for the relief demanded in the comi
Dated October 3, A.D. 1881.
Y. J. POPE,
J. B. FELLERS, J. P. N. C. [ss.]
To Levi Hendrix, absent Defendant:
rake notice that the complaint in this ac
tion. together with the summons, of which
the foregoing is a copy, was filed in the
ffice of the Judge of Probate for Newberry
County, at Newberry Court House, in the
County of Newberry and State of South
;arolina, on the 3d day of October, A. D.
L S. Y- .J. POPE,
Oct. 3, 1881. 4Q-t
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
By Jacob B. Fellers, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Ebenezer P. Chalmers, Clerk of
Court, hiath made suit to me to graut him
Letters of Administration of the derelict
Estate and etffects of Frank Hancock, de
These are therefore to cite and admonish
all and singular the kindred and creditors
of the said deceased, that they be and
appear beiore -me, in~ the Court of Pro
bate, to be held at Newberry Court House,
S. C., on the 24th day of November next,
after pub.ie-ation hereof, at 11 o'clock in
the forenoon, to shew cause, if any they
have, why the said Administration should
o be g~ranted. Given under my Hand
this 10th day of October, Annio Domuini,
J. B. FELLERS, r. E. r. c.
Oct. 13, 41-6t,
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THE LAY OF THE COW.
Switch engine Louisa, "B., C., R. & M.,"
Was slowing up Front street about three
When the stoker looked out the window to
iThero's a cow going across the t-r-a-c-kay."
Pensively halted the cow on the track,
Burs on her pendant tail, bran on her back;
Dreaming of summer she seemed not to see
The approach of the switch e-n-g-i-n-e.
Once more the stoker spoke: "There she is
"Bully," the engineer quoth, "for the cow!"
And, reversing his engine, he cried: "Shoo!
Said the stoker: "Oh, shoot the see-oh
Shrilly the whistle shrieked for its alarm,
And the stoker threw firewood and coals in
But the -cow never heeded, nor- thought that
Was setting at four miles an h-o-u-r.
The switch engine struck her about amid
And her summer dreams met with a total
It mangled her carcase, most shocking to
And threw her down Front s't-r-double e-tea..
Sadly the engineer drew in his head,
And "pulled her wide open" as onward he
But the stoker smiled gayly; "Old fellow,"
"There's some cheap house s-t-a-k-e."'
*That isn't the way to spell porter house
steak, but the right way wouldn't rhyme.
SAVED IN TIME.
'Charity, kind sir! My poor
children are starving !'
The speaker was a thinly-clad
woman, who shivered in the win
try blast, for it was January, and
the keen frosty air penetrated
even the warm gsrments of the
The gentleman addressed was a
man of perhaps thirty-five, a rich
and prosperous man, who hoped
soon to become still more rich and
prosperous through an alliance
with the. fgir girl at his side.
'Poor woman !' said Isabel Ho w
rd compassionately. 'I have left
my purse at home. Walter, I1 am
sure you will relieve ber distress.'
'Of course I will, my darling.
Here, poor woman, take that, and
may it do you good.'
As he spoke he drew from his
pocket half a sovereign, and put
it into the extended hand of the
The poor woman's heart bound
ed with joy, for she had hoped for
but sixpence at the best, and ten
shillings seemed to her positive
'Heaven bless your generous
heart !' she exclaimed with heart
'Thank you,'osaid WValter Bar
ton ,- graciously.
Isabel rewarded him with a
'I am glad you gave the poor
creature so much,' she said. '1
like generosity; I don't think I
could esteem or respect a mean
'We think alike on that subject,
my darling,' said Walter. -'I never'
can refuse to give, even if I sus
pect the object may be unworthy.
It makes me happy to make
Another beaming glance froni
'I love you all the better for
that, dear Walter,' she said in a
'On the whole,' thought Barton,
'my ten shillings are a good in
vestment, though I can't help
grudgiog it to the beggar. When
Isabel becomes Mrs. Barton, and
I get hold of her hundred thou
sand pounds, I shan't give many
hafsovereigns to beggars. For
the p)resent it's policy to be genm
Of course Isabel could niot read
the thoughts of tbe man at her
side. She believed him a genuine
philanthrophist, while, in reality,
be was a mean, calfish hard-heart
ed man, yet with tact enough to
overcome these traits for the sake
of making a favorable impression
upon the heart of the heiress.
Isabel Howard was an orphan,
and the absolute mistress of a
und-md thounand pounds--no
small fortune for a girl of nine
teen. But her fortune was by no
means her chief attraction. She
was heau.ful. sweet-temnpered, ac
complished, arid her heart was
animated by the most generous
charity. She had a regular list of
pensioners, and would have found
it impossible to refuse an appli
cant who was in need. Doubtless
she had often given to unworthy
objects, but such mistakes rebound
to the credit of those who make
As Isabel said, she would have
found it impossible to respect or
esteem a mean man. Thus far.
Walter Barton had succeeded in
concealing his real character from
her, but the time was coming
when it would berevealed. When
ever he was with her he gave
liberally to any who asked for
charity, but at his warehouse be
would have repulsed them with
hard and bitter words. He kept
a large clothing establishment
in Manchester, but Isabel, who.
,lived in .the suburbs, had never
been there, and knew absolut61y
nothing of him in his business re
Of course there were many who
courted the favor of the young
and beautiful heiress, but there
was only one who came near be
ing the rival of the successful
suitor. This was Dr. Percy Elgin,
a young physician, who had re
cently established himself in the
city, and was having a hard strug-,
gle to get into a lucrative prac
tice, being poor and without pow
erful friends. But he was essen
tially noble, of good figure, with
a frank open face, and unusually
able and intelligent. Success
with him was only a matter of
_When. he saw the rich trader
peferr$d to him;be quietly with
drew, disappointed, but too. hon
orableto atempt to reverse Isa
bel's decision, now that it appear
ed 'to be made.
It Wis made, and the wedding
dny- was about to be fixed, when
omething occurred which quite
bhangid the position of affairs.
Isaffel ~was walking near the
atb6drai, when her attention was
atracted to a girl of about her
own age, leaning against the
railings. The- girl was plaibly
ressed, and in her face and
attitudo was such an air of de
spondency, that .Isabel, whose
eart w as full of compassion for
the wretched, felt herself con
strained to stop and speak to her.
'Are you not well ?' she asked
n a low, sympathetic voice.
The girl, who was very thinly
and poorly clad, looked up.
'Yes,' she answeired, 'I am wel'7
'But yon are sad. You have.
met with some misfortdne, have
'Yes,'. answered .the girl, de
'Will you tell rue what it is?
Perhaps it is something thatf I
can remedy. Do not think me
inquisitive. but 1 really want to
help you, if you will let me.'~
The girl answered frankly :
'Thank you for your kindness.
it does me good, for I stand in
need of kind w ords.'
'Tell me, then you,r trouble,'
and Isabel, in her sealskin jacket
and warm velvet dress, took the
arm of the shabby creature, aud
together they walked along
through Market street into the
busiest part of town.
'My mother and I lived to
gether,' explained the girl. 'We
are very poor, and mother is an
invalid, unable to do much. We
have nothing to live uponi except
what I earn by my needle.'
'That must be very little.'
'Yes, it is very little ; but I
have been defrauded of that little.
It is too hard.'
'Tell me about it. It it possi
ble that any one could be so mean
as to cheat you out of the little
you earn in that bard way ?'
'I will tell you how it happened.
A week since, 1 got a bundle of:
waistcoats to make for a large
house. The pay was very small.
By w orking early and late I
could earn about eighteenpence a
'Is it possible ? I never heard of
such oppression !' said Isabel in
'Well, I fnrished the l.alf-dozeu,
and this morning took them
round to ihe shop. Instead (of
paying the uonttey, the proprietur.
a rich man, said ro,utghlly that
they were not well dune, aud he
could only pay seven pience apiece
for them. If I wutld take that
he would give me more work. I
knew it wat ali a preLenc to cheat
me out of sixpence ont each, for I
am an cxperienrced waistcoat
maker, and these were made as
well as usual.'
'And did you take the money
my poor friend ?' asked Isabel.
'What could I do? Tiere was
no money to buy our dinner. I
had to take it, Out i know that it
is impossible for us to get along
on tbat paltr) sum. I see nothing
for us but starvation.'
'Cheer up! I am rich. I will
help you,' said the he.iress. 'But
tell me the name of this mean
wretch who defrauded you ?'
'Who?' exclaimed Isabel, star
tled and surprised.
'Walter Barton. I bear he is
engaged to a wealthy heiress, but I
don't think such a wan can
'I must look into this,' said
Isabel, iquickly, her face flushed.
'It's more important to me than
you .know. Come to my house.'
The girl accompanied her home,
and presently the heiress, who
had changed drosses with the
poor girl for a brief space emerg
ed into the -ieet and made her
way to the shop of Walter Bar
ton. She was so muffled up that
bei- face could not be seen.
'What do you want?' asked a
'To see Mr. Barton,' answered
Isabel in a low voice.
'He is busy. lie cant see a
girl like you!'
'I have something important to
say to him.'
Walter Barton, on being told
this, came forward.
'Well, girl, what do you want of
me,' he asked rudiely.
'YQu gave me only sevenpence
for some waistcoats 1. brotugit
ere this morning.' said Isabel in
'What of that ? They were
'I need the money for my mo
ther. I worked bard, and I am
sure the waistcoats were well
'Look here ! I can't be trou
bled with you,' said Barton rough -
ly. 'I gave you all the work was
'My mother will starve !'
'Let her starvye then. It's no
business of mine.
Thls was too -much fordsabel,
whose indignation was intenlse.
She threw up her veil, revealing
to: WalLor BartoD a face that ter
*rifed him, so:full was it of withe
'I am glad I have found you
out, Mr. Barton,' said Isabel. 'Fo
tunately it is not too late,' and
ab0 turned haughtily and swept
uof the sbop.
'Isabel ! Isa bei ! Isabel IIowar d !'
clled Walter Barton in anl agi
tated tone. 'Come back. It's
all a mistake. I will make it
Isabel did not answer, nor turn
back, but left the place with her
The next day it was announced
in society that the engagement
was broken. Three months later
there was a new engagement, but
this time it was Dr. Percy who
gained the prize for which so
many were striving.
The poor girl soon obtained r'e
munrative employment through
Isabel's influence, and she and
her mother never again knew
As~ for Waiter Barton, he ruied
bitterly his tatal mistake, but for
Isabel it is a most fortunate one,
since it saved her- from marrying
a man whom she would have
despised, and gave her a husband
whom she could respect as well as
There is only no0w and then ani
opportunity otf displaying great
courage, or even great w isdom;
but every hour in the day oifers a
c.h- ng tosow onr good nature.
+'L 'i RY 7T.IINING - ITS
i ; GFEsT clFFI CE- THE
The man is ever to be regarded
as hi=heri han the soldier. In
tru th. soldiersbip is but an in
cide:,t of manh(od. To educate
one to serve on the battlefield of
his I:oUt)trv is one off the necessi
ties of the times in Nhich we
live. This necessity will doubt
1.ss not soon pass away. T1'rue,
"Wer half the power that tills the worid
\Ver. half the wealth bestowed on camps
Given to redeem the human mind from error,
There were no need of arsenals ar+d torts."
But little is given to redeem
the human mind from error, and
hence the world is yet far from
that millennial era when there
shall be no call for the sword. no
need fio' arsenals and Io'ts. And
yet high and useful as military
training is for the purposes of war
it serves a higher and more use
ful office in institutions of learning
designed to prepare its members
for the civil duties of ;ife.
It is when tht tniltary eltment
is used as a meats to an end-to
form character, to maintain dis
cipline, to develop manood-tha t
it accomplislies its best results. It
is when used to make the man
rather than the soldier that it
fulfils its larger mission. Using
it as a means to an end, what bet.
ter than military discipline to
smooth the scholar's path and to
surround him with wholesome
bands, with conservative influ.
Consider, first, how military
methods. being neither more nor
loss than effective business meth
ods, rt the youth for the practical
duties of life. The military way
of reaching the object-what is it
but the true bnsiness way ? What
is the rule for business ? Lf a
certain piece of work is to be
done. the man of business habits
does it promptly, systematically,
thoroughly. What, now, are
promptness, system and thorough
ness but military qualities ? Mr.
James Parton, in a lecture on the
-Kings of Business,' the uncrown
ed but sceptred monarchs of the
mart. finds the secret of their sue
cess in honesty. knowledge, self
control, resolution and persever
ance. What are these but mili
tary qualities-what but such
soldierly characteristics as are
impressed on the stadent, sub
jected to mnilitar'y rule ?
We hold that military training.
in every well.ordered educational
scheme, is a valuable instruimen
Apart -from its preparing the
young cit izon to meet the issuey of
war, it is, when rightly understood
anda inteligenitly administered ,
the most convenient and efficient
of all disciplinary methods. To
establish this proyesition, we pro
pose to consider the leading ele
mients of' the military discipline
that we would introduce into. the
school and the academy.
What are these elements ?
First, we suggest that military
discipline is uot mechanical. If
the habit is mechanical, the spirit
underlying the habit is moral and
In the second place, military
discipline is not slavish. They
who consider it a slavish code
understand little about it and de
grade it, for the basis of military
discipline is duty-duty which,
the saintly Her bert says, gives
music at mid nighbt, an d whbichb
Gen. Lee calls the sublimest word
in the English language. The
true military idea contemplates
Iduty as honor and honor as
Again. military discipline em
braces the idea of self-control.
The creed of the world is self
indulgence. The doctrine of Christ
is self-restraint. The soldier. as
the loyal subject of' wholesome
law, is called upon, from the very
nature of his obligations, to illus
trate that 'prudent, cautions self
control' which Burns calls 'Wis
dom's root.' Or, as another writer
expresses it, 'thbat self-knowledge,
,eaf.or cne. slf controi' wv hich
'<iuLue ieaA me to sovereign pow.
e. The rder must practice
se ii' c nlf:ind, !.be ause be only is
tit,d to cO ninaind w b flirst knovs
w:n ; ho ac(;cpts the
seL?1'. l,!rjO itio.n th at obedience
Military dlCkjiciphne e1)races the
idea idea of impartiality, of fair
ness of just dealla. The officer,
in the discharge of his trusts,
must do duty without regard to
favor or affection. He must re
cognize neither friend nor foe, but
must be just and do justice, come
And lastiy. military discipline
embraces the idea both of court
esv and courage. The soldier
must not, in the sterner duties of
the warrior, omit the courtesy of
the GhristinO gentleman. He
should take for his model such a
character as the gallant and ac
conpiished Sidney, distinguished
alike as scholar and soldier, of
whom it has been said th4t his
lofty career suggests the idea of
high thoughts seated in a heart
Above- aJl things, the soldier
should be brave to do duty. Reso
lute for the right. loyal to hisobli
gations, he should defy the laugh or
the sneer or the throat, and march
unawed along the highway of
duty, though the path be flinty
and the roadside thorny,- know
ing that beyond are heights upon
wilch blo.orn beauteous flowers,
upon wbich precious fruits grow,
around which there breathes a
pure atmosphere, and upon which
wh ich a divine glory settles. as
the sunlight gilds some Alpine
crest and makes it radiant amid
Thus making- duty, self control,
justice, courtesy and courage the
component parts of military dis
cipline, it follows that its effect is
to strengthen the will, to elevate
the morals. to refine the manners ;
in fine, to promote a character at.
once graceful, robust and efficient.
and to consummate a vigorous
and enlightened manhood..
GrrT x Ho.M.-We would have
every true man build for himself a
home, be it ever so hum ble in its
beginning. Industry and frugality
and good judgment will make of
it the most lovely spot on earth.
The moan without a home is like a
sojo)urner without a country. The
richest happiest, and the best man
in thbe wide world is he. who has a
pretty, comfortable home of his
o wn, a famiiy, good health, and
owes no man a cent, even though
his entire worldly possessions
wond not sell for a thousand dol
iars, and though he has never
held so high an office as town
constable or roadmtfaster.
We sormetime~s feel consfrairied
to doubt whether a man without a
homne can at best be ..but an in
different citizen anid a more in
different patriot. . He can not leel
that interest !in other people's
real prosperity that be. feels in
his own, and without such pros
perity we could bave no country
worthy a name. He would scarce
lv care to risk his life in defense
of' the&hearthstone of his landlord,
but let that hearthstone be his
own and woe to the invader who
should threatcn it with deseera
tion. The homes of ;he people
are the strength of the State.
Build them, beautify them, own
tbem, and be happy. This is the
fair deduction from bosts of in
stances and is the true philosophy
of home waking and home own
If you desire to enjoy life, avoid
unpunctual. persons. They im
pede businehss and poso p)leasure.
Make it your own rule not only
to be punctual, but a little before
band. Such a babit secures a
composure whicb is essential to
A swimumet' becomes strong to
stem the tide only by frequently
breasting theo big waves. If you
practice always in shallow water,
your heart will assuredly fail in
the hour of high flood.
Life is not so short but that there
is always time enough for courtesy.
Seif command is the main .ele
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DOQNE WITH NEATNES9-XND-DISPATC11
AN AMIERICAN DESERT.
Twenty years ago the great
American I)esert was the terror
of the overland emi.rrant. 1 was
iw.~ihle to go around it. for it
e~I)ded from the Colorado to the
Cascades. All the routes that led
to the land of promise crossed it,
and it was soon covered with the
bleaching bones of stock and dot
Led with buman graves. 1y ,is
about forty miles from the lower
end of the llumbolt Sink to the
Truckee River at Wadsworth,
anid the name 'Forty -Mile Desert'
giveni to the stretch has become
known the world over. There is
no water fit to drink on the whole
distance. The road lies through
a ad aebuhing several miles west of the lake,
where it strikes an alkali desert,
in the centre of which, the rail
road has a station that it p p
propriateiy calls 'Wbite Plaitns.'
This is tbe lowest point; easE.?of
the mountains. Eight miles fur