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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, September 07, 1882, Image 1

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THE HERALD
1E PUBLISHED
&VERY THURSDAY MORNING,
At Newberry, S. C.
BY THOS. F. GRRRKRR,
Editor and Proprietor.
Terms, $g.8? per .Cinon
Invariably In Advance. A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News,A Markets, &c
.' The pper is stopped at the expiration of
iue for whc iti paid. DOEWT"ETESADDSACt
*f ie sprati.. .ub Vol. XvII . NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1882. No. -36.
eripion above
THE DYING CHILD.
Mother, I am tired; I long to iseep so!
Let thy bosom be my sleeping place:
Only promise me thou wilt not weep so
For thy sears fall burning on my face.
Here 'tie cold, and there the clouds are
fleeting;
But In dreamland there are sunny skies:
And the angel-children give me greeting,
Soon as I have closed my wearied eyes.
Dost thou see that angel coming, mother?
Dost thou hear the music of his wingab
White they are; they shine on one another;
- Beautifl from God the light he bringsI
Rosy wings are coming, too, from heaven!
Angel-children wave them as they fly
Mother, shall I live till mine are given?
Or, before I get them. must I die?
Mother, wherefore dost thou look so earnest?
Wherefore dost thou press thy cheek to
mine?
Wet it feels, and yet like fire thou burnest
Surely, mother, I shall still be thine!
Thou hast promised me thou wouldet not
weep so!
If thou sobbest, I shall sob with thee;
Oh, I am so tired; I long to sleep so!
Mother look! the angel kisses me.
THE BULL RUN STAMPEDE.
A New and Laughable Account of the Great
Skeaaddle.
Pittsburg Dispatch Interview with Mr.
Kennedy Marshall.
'Richmond was quite a popular
summer resort in July, '61,' said
Mr. Marshall, 'and a great :mber
ofNorthern people,politicians,Con
gressmen, gentlemen of leisure,
ladies, fond of a little well-regu
lated excitement, clergymen sigh
ing for virgin territory, and busi
,ness men seeking for a specula
tion, made up their minds to take
a flying trip to this new capital
of the Southern Confederacy. Our
army of gallant young 'recruits,
led by the valiant McDowell, un
der the direction of the sagacious
Scott, was to go ahoad. The rebel
soldiers bad lbeen massed at con
venient points in sufficient num
bers to assist with the fireworks
and furnish entertainment for the
visitors. The campaign was to
be a huge picnic at Government
expense, and I went along with
hundreds of obhers to see the fun.
1 was a member of the Pennsyl
vania Legislature, and the malaria
common to legislative halls had
left me half an invalid. Ben Mor
gan, Charles Spang, Jr., or Spang,
Chalfant & Co., John Shaw, then
flour inspector of Allegbany Coun
ty, and Charles Clark, of Clark &
Thaw, all Pittsburgers, were with
me. There never was so large
and respectable a lot of camp fol
lowers as those who followed
our army out' from Washington.
Many of the most distinguished
men of the country were there,
and there was no lack of good
company.
'We were just beginning to tire
of the picnic, and were preparing
to return to Washington to spend
Sunday, when on Saturday one of
Gen. McDowell's aides told us
that they were going to attack the
enemy that night. There was
apparently no attempt to keep
the matter secret. At 1 o'elock
Sunday morning, July 21,
THE TROOPS BEGAN TO MOVE.
'We left our carriage and fol
lowed thArm on foot. I got sepa
rated from my party, and fell in
with Henry J. Raymond, of the
-New York Times. We followed
the right-hand column, under
Hunter. You know how t be battle
was fought at first ; how their
skirmish line was chased, bat
terics chanrged and the entire left
wing of the Rebel army rolled
bac k beyond the Warrenton road.
We whipped them fairly in the
early hours of the fight, and about
3 o'clock in the afternoon Ray.
mond and I, sitting beside the
Sroad near the Warren ton Stone
.Bridge, were well in the rear of
our advancing right. It was a
hotter day than this and we were
tired, half sick with the smell of
powder and very hungry. Alongi
the road came Russell, on horse
back, with a big knapsack of pro
visions behind him. He was an
old campaigner and bad come
rovided. We bailed him, and
bile he shared bis lunch with us,
ld him how we were licking
om and how we could serve the
British the same way upon occa
sion. He had driven out from
Washington since morning, bring
ing a saddle in his carriage.
While we were talking together,
we beard locomotives whistling
over on the Mauassas Railroad
The trains stopped in a cut out of
sight. Pretty soon out marched
a lot of soldiers in gray, with a
stand of brigade colors, and came
at a double quick across the field.
IE was Kirby Smitli with the
last instalment of Johnston's army
from Winchester which had eluded
Patterson. The panic which seized
our troops when these fresh fight
ers burled themselves at the Union
lines, already tottering with ex
haustion, was wilder than any
thing in military history since
three Austrian soldiers, coming;
out of the woods to surrender af
ter the battle of Solferino, put the
whole French army to rout for a
time. Regiments that had stood
up to their work brarely since 9
o'clock in the morning melted
away. in a few minutes at the
s;ght of the
GREY CHARGING OOLUMNS.
'There was no knowing what
force was behind Smith, and
hunter's men didn't want to see.
They took the road toward Cen
terville pell-mell, every man for
himself. The infantry charged
their own batteries, cut the horses
loose, jumped on their backs and
went to the re*r at a gallop. Rus
sell disappeared on the tide at
the top of his speed. Raymond
drifted away from me, and I
didn't let many pass me in the
race myself. It was-the farther
the faster, and after covering
what seemed to me about five
miles I dropped exhausted beside
the road to rest. By and by Ray
mond came along. He had found
his barouche and he took me in.
We whirled along in the crush of
ambulances,~ artillery horses, pri
vates, officers and cainp followers
on foot, ladies and po!ticians in'
carriages, and 200 or 300 steers,
all making the best of their way
to Washington. A drove of cat
tie had been driven out behind
the army to be slaughtered after
the battle. They were stamped
ed with the rest and added to the
confusion. There were many
amusing incidents. Earlier in
the day I had noticed L. L. Mc
Guffin, of New Castle, since ,Tudge
in this judicial district, now dead.
He was carrying water to one of
the field hospitals. -He had been
one of the 'On to Richmond' crowd,
had come down to stiffen- up the
President's spine, and was loud in
advocating a vigorous prosecution
of the war.
HOW JUDGE M'GUFFIN RAN.
'He was a large man and wore
a long linen duster. When the rush
to the rear began he ran with tbe
rest. He was fat, and as the crowd
gradually swept past him he at last
began to thing the rebels, must be
almost within grasp of his flying
duster tails. Blind viith sweat and
dust, he tripped a log and fell flat
on his stomadh, or as flat as he
.,ould fall on sucb a round stomach.
A zonave, who was hard at bis
heels, camne down with emphasis
on top. Mr. McGuffin was cer
tain that the Philistines were up.
on him, and with a weak endeav
or~ to roll his eyes around, that he
might see his foemnan's face, ex
claimed : -Great God, gentlemen,
can't this thing be compromised ?'
'Before Raymond anid I had
driven far an ordnance wagon
crashed into our barouche and
demolished it. I mounted one of
the carriage horses. Raymond
was in despair.
'Get on the other horse,' I
cried.
'But I can't stick on.'
'Thben good evening; I'm going
to Washington.'
-'Hold on; I can ride behind the
nigger,' exclaimed the distinguish
ed editor, and he was about to
clamber up behind the colored
driver when a carriage drove past
with some Corgressmen whom he
knew, and he got in with them.
'I galloped away, but before 1
had gone far I saw a regiment
drawn up in line across the road,
with fixed bayonets, stopping the
fugitives. I took to the fields, ex
ecnted a flank movement and to
past with a few others. When I
came to the little field telegraph
office, near Fairfax Couthouse, I
was riding ahead of my party. A
wire bad been laid out thus far
and dispatches from the field were
carried here and wired to Wash
ington. The last messages sent
had told how our troops were
driving the enemy.
'What news from the field?' cried
the little operator, with his finger
on the key.
'Our men -are routed. They
are running this way,' I shouted
back to 'him as 1 galloped past.
ge cut loose his instrument, tuck.
ed it under his arm and took to
his heels. When the next order
ly came with a dispatch he found
the battery disuounted, and that
was how I came to be
TE FIRST TO CARRY THE NEWS
to Washington. I overtook 'Bull
Run' Russell, and we - rode to
gether for awhile ; but his horse
was fagged and mine was fresh,
so I soon left him. After that I
rode foremost and alone. At
Ball's Cross Roads I was challeng
ed by a Dutch sentinel. Ben
Morgan had my pass through the
lines, but I had an annual over
the Pe:_sylvania Railroad signed
by Tom Scott. I showed the
sentine the name of Scott, told
him it was Gen. Winfield Scott,
the Commander-in chief, and he
passed me through. I got over
the Long Bridge at Washington
at 9 o'clock, just as the counter
sign was being given out for the
night. I rode up to Willard's
Hotel, through streets thronged
with people, wild with excite
ment over the favorable telegrams
that had come in from the front.
The brass bands were out in force,
and somebody was making a
rousing 'On to Richmond' speech
from the balcony of the hotel. I
walked into the office, under the
sound of his inspiring words,
knowing how soon those cheers
would be hushed to whispers of
affright. Chadwick was keeping
the hotel then, and as I pushed up
to the desk he stared at me bare
headed and streaming with dirt
and sweat as I was, and finally
recognizing me, asked me where
I had been and what was the mat
ter.
'I came from the front. Mc
Dowell is licked out of his boots,
and the wreck of our army is not
far behind me.'
'Chadwick dived back into his
private office with a scared face,
and in a few moments came back
and took me in with him.'
GEN. MANSFIELD STAGGERED.
- 'There sat Gen. Mansfield, who
was in command of the troops
around Washington, with a bottle
of champagne before him.
'Mr. Chadwick informs me, sir,
that you report our army retreat.
ing. Are you a military man,
sir ?'
'N'o, sir.'
'Then how do you know, sir,
that they .were not merely mak
ing a change of front or executing
some other military maneuvre,
sir?'
'Well. General,' I replied, as
calmly as I could, while the gray.
baired old martinet eyed, me
sternly, 'I saw whole regiments
throw down their guns and take
to the woods. I saw artillerymen
cut their horses loose from the
guns and caissons, and gallop
away. I saw officers, men, Con
gressmen and Texas steers run
ning neck an,d neck down the
road toward Wasbington, and
steers were the only things that
had their tails up. It may have
been a change of front. as you
say, but-'
'I1 don't believe a damned word
of it,,' broke in the General, who
had listened to me wiUe evident
impatience.
-GOd eveniing.' I re.piie.d. and
walked out of th'e door. The
crowd had got the news by this
time from Chadwick, and I was
almost pulled to pieces. Somebody
noticed that I was wearing a gray
suit, and shouted :'He's a rebel.'
There were several suggestions
that I be lynched for attempting
to stimulate a rising of the rebel
element in the city. Gen. Mans
field hurried off to the war de
pr,tumant, and nretty soon a ser
geant and a squad of soldiers
came for me and took me to the
department. President Lincoln
and his entire Cabinet was there,
with old Gets. Scott, anxiously
waiting for news from the front.
Simon Cameron had known me
as a member of the Legislature,
and vouched for my loyalty.
There was very little said while I
told my story briefly.
THE PRESIDENT DESPONDENT.
The Presiden.t sat with his head
bent down upon his band, and
was evidently very much depress.
ed. Simon Cameron, then sec.
retary of war, was the coolest
head in the Cabinet. He imme
diately consulted with Scott as to
hurrying reinforcements across !
the Potomac, and orders were
issued to stop all fugitives at Long;
Bridge. They asked me very few
questions, but after I had told my
story and was dismissed, the
newspaper correspondents nearly
devoured me. Just as I came out
of the war department I met one
of Gen. McDowell's aides bring
ing in the report of his comman
der's defeat. The government
took charge of the telegraph of
fices, and suppressed every word
about The final disaster. The
glowing reports of the success of
the Union forces in the early part
of the action were allowed to go
out, and the next morning the
whole North was ablaze with re
joicing over our victory. The
next day the true story was pub.
lished, however, and I got more
notoriety than I have ever had
since. I was quoted as an autho.
rity in every prominent paper in
the country.'
THE "MADDENING" WALTZ.
A New Cruade Against the Dance of the
Period.
Philadelphia Press.
Prof. James P. Welch, a leading
dancing master of Philadelphia, is
about to begin a crusade against
the waltz as at present danced,
which he pronounces to be im
modest, vulgar and generally de
moralizing. He said yesterday :
'I have been a dancing master for
the past tef years, and have
made it a practice throughout
that period to observe carefully
all the changes in the public
taste, and to note the changes for
better or worse in my profession.
I have watchcd closely and
thought deeply on the subject,
and now I have no hesitation in
saying that the waltz, under
whatsoever name it may go for
the time being, is immoral. It is
the only dance that decent peo
pie protest against, and I am hap
py to. say that there still remain
numbers of careful fathers who
will not allow their daughters j,o
dance it, although' a vast propor
tion of the fashionable and a ma
jority of the middle and lower
classes do not seem as yet awak
ened to its iniquity. I have re
cently been in consultation with
many of the clergy, and they
agree with me that the dancing
of the saltz has fully as demoraliz.
ing an effect in its way as have
alcohol and tobacco in theirs.'
OBJECTIONS TO THE WALTZ.
'Do yon hear many objections
to waltzing nowadays ?'
'Oh, yes ; any quantity of them,
and I think the time is ripe to be
gin a crusade. I don't tbink my
efforts or -those of the clergymen
who will take part in the good
work will have any immediate
effect, but when the people begin
to think, which they will do
when the subject has had a little
agitation, they will soon act, and
thme voluptuous waltz will grad
ually disappear. Ten or fifteen
years ago the waltz was not so
objectionable as at presen t. Dan
eers of to-day come into nito
gether too close con:tact. In the
old time a gentlman merely
touched a lady's waist., at the
same time holding her right hand
in his left. Now he throws his
arm clean around her form, pulls
her closely to him. as though
fearful 'of losing her, brings his
face int, actual contact with her
soft cheea, and in a word, hugs
Iher. Such action is altogether too
fami'iar, but still custom and so
ciety anction it, and instead of
improvement for the better we
ee, year after year, a marked ad
vance in the improprieties of the
lance. In the old days the waltz
was comparatively modest; now- it
s just the reverse, and the waltz is
alculated to. do more injury to
;beyoung than many of the vices
hat are preached against from
.hem the pulpit and deeply de
)lored in private life.
A GOOD SUBSTITUTE.
'But suppose you succeed in abol
shing the. waltz, Professor,
where will you find any dance to
:ake its place?'
'Well, when the necessity arises
new dance will be inyepted
,bat will have all the gliding
race and the glorious exhilira
,ion of the waltz without its de.
irious voluptuousness. My own
atention is to substitute the 'Min
tet de la Cour,' a dance intro
luced by Louis XIV, of France,'
rhich kept its place in public es
,eem for centuries, but has of late
rears gone completely out of use.
t was partially revived in this
ity in 1876, but was allowed to
Irop out of fashion agai'n, prin
,ipally for the reason that
,be ladies and gentlemen who
lanced it were compelled by
,he dictates of fashion to dress'
a court costume, which is
rery expensive, and is at the
iame time repugnant to the fierce
'epublicanism of Americans. The
lance consists of marching, bow
ng and turning and develops
ll the graces that the dancers
)ossess. Its great recommenda
,ion is tbat.it is perfectly modest,
tnd admits of no bugging such as
we see nightly in the waltz.'
'You-. speak with much fot ce,
Professor, with regard to the im
norality of the waltz. Do you
ipeak from personal observation
)r from hearsay ?'
'From personal observation. I
aave made it my practice for
years to attend balls and parties
n order to keep pace in my teach -
ng with the popular demand. I
oave no hesitation in saying that
[ attribute much of the vice
mnd immorality now prevailing to
he insidious influences of the
waltz. This may seem an over
straining of the point, but it is
my honest conviction. I tell you
,bat in the higher circles young
ladies at parties and balls are
bsolutely bugged - em brace d
would be too weak to express my
meaning-by men who were al
together unknown to them before
she music for the waltz began to
ispire the toes of the dancers.
Ls this a pleasant sight to con
template ?'
THE MADDENING WALTZ.
'Then, in the lower classes, the
license of the dance is much more
shocking. I.have seen couples so
:losely interlocked that the face
of the man was actually in con
tact with that of the palpitating
girl in his arms. I have seen
kisses interchanged amid the
whirl of thbe maddening waltz.
'The persons interested in this
3rusade intend to send circulars
to the leading clergymen and the
beads of the great ecclesiastical
)rgans and institutions of the
[nited States, and ask them to
aid in the great work. Dr. Way.
land said he would help us in any
way be could, and promised to
write to Mrs. Gen. Sherman, the
iuthoress of a book in opposition
o waltzing, asking her assist
ince. I1 also w rote to that lady
-equesting her advice as to thie
~onduct of the crusade. Mrs.
herman's book takes the ground
,bat the waltz is immodest ; that it
letracts from tbe purity of young
adies who indulge in it; that it
pives to the young men oppor
,nities for familiarities tt.at
abould nover he aliowed, and that
L is, ini tart, d-emoralizing in the
atremie. Sine holds that no young
ady sbou-id be embraced save by
~be man she proposes to marry,
and that the close contact of the
waltz is dangerous and injurious
to the modesty and purity of
womankind. *
THE WALTZEs CLASSIFIED.
'There are six dances now in
rogue that involve the bugging
principle of the waltz. They are
be npla a walt=, whinh was * in.
troduced by the "''rmans (whTo
seldom, by the way, take part in
square dances;). the Glide, a very
fashionable and pretty dance ; the
Redowa, which has held its own
for many generations of dancers ;
the Danish (haf march and halfl
waltz,) and the Three Step Galup.
I entered upon this crusade, first,
because I thought the waltz an
immoral dance, and, second, be-i
cause the clergymen whom I
consulted thought the initiatory
steps in the matter should be
taken by a member of the profes
sion most deeply interested.'
Professor Welch, in conclusion,
s4id that the waltz stop is in it
self unobjectionable, but that the
closeness of the partners, as the
dance is now practiced, is worthy
of strong condemnation. le sug
gests that the waltz step be re
tained, bqt that the partners be
widely separated by a very simple
expedient. This is to cross and
join the hands. A possible ob
jection to this is that it will not
afford to the lady that sense of
support and protection that is
derived from the pressure of her
partner's arm about' her waist.
The professor says that he intro
duced this style of waltzing to
some of his higher clapscs last
winter, and it was well and favor
ably received.
Foa Tag HERALD.
LETTER FROM COLORADO.
Special Correspondence.
LEADVILLE, COL , August 17,1882.
The impression prevailing to some
extent in the East that Leadville
is 'played out' and soon to be
numbered with the things of the past
is an erroneous one. It is true that
the feverish excitement of the early
discoveries, and the enormous specu
lative tendencies following thereupon,
have mostly passed away, but the
yield of ore here is still on the in
crease and new mines are being
opened up almost daily. More than
one-half the total product of bullion in
the State for 1881, which was nearly
$24,000,000, came opt of these hills
and holes round about Leadville, and
it is estimated that nearly $15,000,000
have been taken out during the first
six months of this year. It is not
surprising that the wonderful wealth
and extent of the silver deposits that
have been found in this region ; the
new field that has been opened to
mining industry wherever the carbon
ates may hereafter be found ; the
novel character of the ore ; .1 ease
with which it is reduced; the sudden
wealth acquired by some of those who
first came here and invested a little
money; the Aladdin-like growth of
the camp into a city, and the intense
excitement in the midst of which
every one here lived, should have
turned the heads of people and caus
ed them to give currency to reports
concerning the prospects of Leadville
which were exaggerated and have not
been realized. Yet the truth about
it reads like a novel. Every one.here
at one time had 'the fever,' and there
is a good deal of it still left. To
mingle for a few days with the crowds
that throng the corridors of the Ciar
endon Hotel and other loafing places ;
to hear the fabulous tales of 'rich
strikes' and of prospect holes which
could have been bought yesterday for
$100 and are held to day for $50,000 ;
to be introduced to men who a year
or two age were penniless and looking
about for somebody to furnish them
coarse food and a set tools with which
to dig a hole in the mountain 'for
luck,' but who to:day are reputed to
be millionaires; to hear the careless
way in which men in blue flannel
shirts and cow-hide bouts talk of hun,
dreds of thousands or a million of
dollars, is enough to set any one crazy
who is not perfectly self-possessed or
did not come here determined not to
get excited no matter what hap
pened.
The gambling-houses are a feature
oif Leadville, aa they are of every
other mining camp. Although there
are State laws and city ordinances for
bidding gambling, no effort is made
to enforce either. The doors of these
places stand wide open day and night,
and everything is done to attract the
notice of passers-by, just as if the
business was a legitimate one, pro
tected by law. There is no pretense
of elegance *in any of the gambling
houses which I have visited, as there
is ini those of Eastern wateuin&-places
and in large cities. The inside of P
most of them is destitute of paint or
plaster. The tables are plain piue
ones and are surrounded by wood'n
chairs. The floors are covered with 'ih
tobacco juice and mud, and the pa- a
trons are mostly roughly clad miners, tic
who play a small or large game as f
money is plenty or scarce with them. o
In a prc,wineut place in each saloon b
there is a bar which is always wt 11
patronized,- in the larger places there b
are two 'bars.- One-half or one-third a
of each gamubling-house is separated M
from the remainder by a low railing sh
and is set apart for kenn. Arouind 8
the sides of the remainder are tables ke
upon which are played faro, high bill r
poker, rouge et noir, hazard, etc. In be
the rear of each place a private room es
is partitioned off for the accommoda
tion -of persons who wish to 'fight the re
tiger' in private. In the public room an
the play is generally for comparative- ap
ly small sums; chips are sold for e
from ten cents to $1 each and the to1
bets rarely exceed $5. In the day "
time the gambling saloons of Lead- re
ville are almost deserted, but at night 3
and on Sundays they are constantly ea
thronged. ' it
While the pioneers of the mining *sc
camp have left their impress upon the W
character of Leadville, the refined, vc
educated, law-abiding people who
have' come here from the East have vi
kept control of things, and made the
ity remarkable for the good order ti
that is maintained aed the general r
safety of life and property. Of those a
whose first experience in a mining
camp has been obtained in Leadville de
a larger proportion are men of educa- d
tion or former wealth than ever assem- m,
bled in any other mining centre in
the early days of its history. Of the c
young and most enterprising men who tb
are in business, holding positions to
about the mines or prospecting on es
the neighboring hills, not a few are
fresh from college or from professional re
studies, and lawyers, physicians and
teachers may found here engaged in al
almost every branch of business. The th
influence of men of this class is seen in lo
the organization of such institutions th
as the police force-a splendid body e
of uniformed men who would not dis- to
grace the Broadway Squad, of New e
York ; in the establishment of fire
companies, the introduction of the m
Holly system of water-works, the M
organization of a gas company a
and the establishment of schools. s
Men pass here for what they are, and
not for what they have, how they sie .
dressed or where they were born. No- (
body cares who a man's grandfather e
was, or of what State he is a native. I
No one can afford to treat another "
with contempt because he is unfor- u
tunate; the wheel may turn over and
the poor man of to-day may become to
the millionaire of to-morrow. Such te
things have been common in Lead- Cl
ville. In my next I will give you
something about the mines in this b
vicinity. ~SPoT. fe
v<
"BRING YOUR HEART INTO YOUR e
FAMILY CIRCL."-We sometimes r
e
meet with men who seem to ,
think that any indulgence inan
affectionate feeling is a weakness. n
They will return from a journey, aj
and greet their families with a
distant dignity, and nmove-among '
their cbildren with the cold and n
lofty splendor of an iceberg, sur- si
rounded by its broken fragments. ~
There is hardly a more unnatural ti
sight -on earth thatn one of those (
families witliout a heart. A father at
had better extinguish a boy's e
eyes than take away his beart. p
Who that has experienced the L
joysi of friendship, and values ti
sympathy and affection, would t
not rather lose all that is -beauti.- ar
fuil in Nature's scenery than be CI
robbed of the hidden treasure of 'a
his heart? Cherish, then, your
heart's best affoetions. Indulge q,
in the warm and gushing emotions m
of filial, parental and fraternal sa
love. Think it not a weakness;h
God is love. Love God, every- ei
body, and everything that is love- b
ly. .Teach your childr-en to love ; e
to love the rose-the robin; to a'
love their parents; to love their,
God. Let it be the studied object
of their domestic culture to give
them warm hearts-ardent affec- e
tions. Bind your whole family is
together by these strong cords.
Yen canriot make them too strong.
Religion is love : Love to God, ii
lone tn man. fr
Ian for the Primary EleeUet.
The following are the rles and r.gul.
Pus governing the Primaries :
I. On the 12th day of September, 18,
ere shall be held at each voting
now established by law in Newesi,
munty a Primary Election for the nomina
"t of persons for the several offices to be'
led.
II. The polls shall be opened at .
lock, A. M., and kept open, without in
rmission, until 5. P. M., when they-ahaf
closed.
III. At ench election Precinct theresa,-'
three (3) Masnagers of Election, to be%
pointed by the County Executive Com.
ttee, any vacatcy to be fillled by the
inage-r or Managers present.
IV. The County Executive Committee
all furnish the Managers at each preeinct;
ballot box with a separate depa tfr -
r each office to be filled ; for the soeare .
epiug of which said Managers shali be
sponsible.
V. At the opening of the polls the bilot
xes shall be emptied of all contents; and
hibited thus emptied to any persons in
tendance upon the polls. The boxes*haR.,
en be closed and sealed, and shall a:X
main until the polls are closed.
VI. The Managers shall keep a poliR-Et
d tally-list, and for this purpose shall .
point a Clerk.
VII.~ There shall be separate btllots for.
ch office to be nominated for, and no bal-.z*
t shall be counted unless it contains the -
me of candidates who have been nom.
ited and accepted, and in case for Rep. ;
sentatives in the Legislature and County
immissioners each ballot shall have thre
names of candidates as above, and
ch ballot shall have written or printed on
what office it is for.
VIII. At such Primary Election, all per
ns eligible to vote at the next election of
unty officers shall be allowed to vote
io can satisfy the Managers by the
iuching of known Democrats, or other
se, that they are Democrats and that
ey propose to vote in good faith; pro
Jed that no person who has heretofore
ted a Republican ticket shall be allowed :''
vote, unless he voted the Democrati
:ket at the last general election.
IX. For the purpose of carrying out ts
quirements of Section VIII, the Man;- -
:ers. or any one of them, shall be autho
ted to challenge any voter and put any.
testion to him which they or he may
em relavant to the object in view, and -
e Managers shall determine his right to
te by his answer or other proof, atd
my accent or reject the vote thus offered.&
X. On the close of the polls the Mana
;ers shall proceeded immediately and
>tinuously to count the votes. Whe
e votes shall have been counted the
anagers shall make out, in duplicate, re
rns showing the number votes cast by'
.ch person voted for, the office of wbich
is voted for, and the totai number of
>tes cast ; and shall deposit one of:th=
turns in the ballot box with :he votes,
id fle the other as one of the records of
)wnship. The returns shall be signed by
1 managers, who shall likewise certify to
e correctness of the same.
XI The ballot-box containing the be!
ts, the poll- list and the certified return of,
e Managers, together with any othee
Lpers they may deem proper to include,
all, on Monday following after syph e140
)n; be forwarded, securely closed and
aled, to the Secretary of the County Ex
utive Committee .at Newberry Court
ouse. For the purpose of this forwarding
e Managers, or any of them, shall act as
essenger.
XII. The Executive Committee shal
eet on Tuesday following the election,
td the Secretary, having in its pre
nce, opened the boxes and tabulated the
turns, shall publish the aggregate in the
csence of the Committee in open session-.
XiIL If any person shall receive ama- ~
rity of all the votes cast for t.he oficefl,r
hich he is a candidate, he shall be de
ared to be the Democratic Nominee fee
Oh offce. But if for any offce is be
und that no candidate has received a
ajority of all th'e votes cast at the Pri~
ary Election for such offee, then the
,unty Executive Committee shall forth- -
ith order a second Primary Election to
held on the 26th day of September next
liowing. The second Primary Election
be held and the returns made as at the
-st, and the result declared by the Exe
itive Committee as in the first election.
XIV. At such .2rimary Election only the '
ro candidates receiving the highest num
tr of votes for each sej.srate offce at the 7
rmer election 'shall be voted for unless
ere should be a tie of the second highest,
.which case the parties so tieing may be
>ted for and the votes counted for thetn
Swell as the votes cast for the one having
ceiving the highest number at the first.
ection. Provided that in the cases
here more than one person is to be s
eted for the same offce, the Executive
immittee shall select, according to the
2mber of votes previously received, twice
I many persons as there are offcial posi.
ons to be filled. All votes for other par
rs shall he considered as scattering, and
>t be codnted.
XV. The persons receiving the highest
amuber of votes at this second election
tall be the nominees of the Democratic
trty.
XVI. No person shall be eligible to ele
on at the Peirmary Election who shall not
edge himself in wrriting beforehand to the
>ide by the result of the election.I
XVII. In both the firarand second Pri
ary Elections, when the Secretary has I
ablished the result in the presence of the
sicutive Committee as required by See
ins 12 and 13, eaid Committee shall con
ine in session for two hours thereafter for i
e purpose of receiving notices and grounds
protest or co,ntest ; within which time
ty person intending to make a protest or
mtsest in any case shall file with said Comn
istee his motion and grounds of protest
td contest. And all cases of protest and
mtsess shalIl be heard and determined by
te Executive Committee on some subse- -.
tent day thereto, to be fixed'by said comn- "
ittee.
XVIII. All persons voting at Primary
ections shall be required to affirm on .
mo that they have not voted before
iring the day at the other Election Pre
net, and are not -voting more than one -
illot for each offiep to be nominated.
IX. Tbe candidates for the offices of
reasurer and Auditor shall be voted for
the Primary Election, and the Governor
requested to appoint in accordance
ith the result.
Single cream is cream that has
ood on the milk twelve boors. It -
best for tea and coffee.
In boiling eggs put thewminboil
ig water. It will preven& idi goa a
om eoring black

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