Newspaper Page Text
Who First Fired at Sumter?
The Chance Offered to Roger A. Pryor, and
Acccepted by Capt. George S. tames.
New Orleans Times-Demociat.
I wish to correct an error, whic
has almost passed into an .historical
fact. It is this : That Edmund
Ruffin of Virginia did not fire the first
gun at Fort Sumter, but that Capt
George S. James of South Carolina,
afterward killed when a Lieutenant
Colonel at Boonsboro, Md., did fire it.
The writer was a Captain of the
South Carolina army at the time, and
an Aide-de-Camp on the staff of Gen.
Beauregard.. He uow has before him
a diary written r : time, and there
can be no mistake as to the fact.
The summon for the surrender or
evacuation was carried by Col. Ches
} out of South Carolina and Capt. S. D
Lee. They arrived at Sumter at 2:20
P. M., April 1I.
Major Anderson declined to sur
render, but remarked, 'He would be
starved out in a few days, if he was
not knocked to pieces by Gen. Bean
regard's batteries.' This remark was
repeated to Gen. Beauregard, who
informed President Davis. The re
sult was a second message was sent to
Major Anderson by the same officers,
accompanied by Roger A. Pryor of
Virginia and Col. Chisholm of South
Carolina. The messengers arrived at
Sumter at 12:25 A. M., April 12.
Major Anderson was informed that if
he would say that he would surrender
on April 15, and in the mean time
would not fire on Gen. Beauregard's
batteries, unless he was fired on, he
would be allowed that time ; also that
he would not be allowed to receive
provisions from the United States
authorities. The Major declined to
accede to this arrangement, saying be
would not open fire unless a hostile
act was committed against his fort or
his flag, but that if he could be sup
plied with provisions before the 15th
-of April he would receive them,
and in that event he would not sur
render. This reply being unsatis
factory, Col. James Chestnut and
Capt. S. D. Lee gave the Major
written communication, dated 'Fort
Sumter, S. C., April 12, 1861, 3:2(
A. M.,' informing him, by authoritj
of Gen. Beauregard, that the batterie
of Gen. Beauregard would open on
the fort in one hour from that time,
The party, as designated, then pro
ceeded in their boat to Fort Johnson,
on James Island, and delivered the
order to Capt. George S. James, com
manding the mortar battery, to opei
fire on Fort Sumter. At 4:30 A. M.
the first gun was fired at Fort Sumter
and at 4:40 the second gun wes fired
from the same battery. Capt. Jame,
offered the honor of firing the firsi
shot to Roger A. Pryor of Virginia.
-He declined, saying he could not fire
the first gun. Another officer them
offered to take Pryor's place. James
replied, 'No ! I will fire it myself.
And he did fire it. At 4 3-4 A. M.
nearly all the batteries in the harbo:
were firing on Sumter. Mr. Edmund
Ruffin (who was much beloved and
respected) was at the iron batterry ox
Morris Island. I always understood
he fired the first gun from the iron
battery, but one thing is certain-he
never fired the first gun against Fort
-Sumter. George S. James did. Nor
did he fire the second gun. He may
have fired the third gun, or first gut
from the iron battery on Morris Is
land. Yours, respectfully.
* Weak muscles and nerves, siluggish
ness of thought and inactivity, cured
* by Brown's Iron Bitters.
Ruffin and the First Gun,
An Interesting Personal Reminience of an
To the Editor of The News and
Courier: I1 see in to-day's issue of
your paper, and so near the historie
spot itself, over the signature of one of
our late gallant Generals, S. D. Lee, the
clearing up of any doubt as to who fired
the first gun at Fort Sumter, and the
statement that Mr. Edmund Ruffin did
not open the ball of the late unpleas
antness. Pernait me to add my testi
mony as a living witness to it. The
first shell (God grant it will be the
last) was fired from Battery James at
rt Johnson. At that moment the
Stephens Iron Battery was manned by
the Palmetto Guard, commanded by
Capt. Cuthbert, and our three pieces
were..eady for action. I was No. 3
di'hthe first piece, with lanyard in my
h' and ready to prJi. when Capt. Cuth
bert requested me-there was not too
much discipline then-to yield my
claim to Mr. Ruffin, who was an hon
orary member of the Palmetto Guard,
and who desired the privilege of firing
our first shot.
This grand old gentleman, with ven -
erable looks and gray disheveled locks
flowing down to his shoulders, said:
"Young gentlemen, I am committing
treason, (his State had not then se
ceded,) but I would not take five hun
dred dollars for this pull." The cam
mnand "Fire" was given, and Mr. Ruf
fin fired what was the first solid shot
at Fort Sumter. The ball struck the
wharf attached to the fort, the gun be
ing aimed ine low, from our inexpe
rience as artillerists. Well do I re
member the looks of that old gentle
man, aind often afterwards, although
serving in a different arm of the ser
vice, have I wished for him and a
similar request; for though I yielded
then, with a boyish pride, with some
reluctance, I would too willingly have
responded, even with my precious
self, if he had promised a safe exit.
WIL,uax A. BOYL.
Charleston, October 20.
The Height of Folly.
To wait until you are in ed with
disease you may not get 'Ever for
months, is the height of folliy, when
you might be easily eured during the
early symptoms by Parker's Ginger
Tonic. We have known sickly fain.
ilies made the healthiest. by a timely
THOS. F. GRENEKER, EDITOM
W. H. WALLACE,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
THURSDAY, OCT. 26, 1882
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald is in the highest respect aFam
ily Newspaper, devoted to the material in
terests of the people of this County and the
State. It circulates extensively, and as an
Advertisin medium offers unrivalled ad
vantages. or Terms, see first page.
The State Ticket.
HUGH S. THOMPSON.
JOHN C. SHEPPARD.
FOR SECRETARY OF STATE:
JAMES N. LIPSCOMB.
CHARLES RICHARDSON MILES.
W. E. STONEY.
FOR STATE TREASURER:
JOHN PETER RICHARDSON.
FOR ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR-GENERAL :
A. M. MANIGAULT.
FOR SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION:
FOR CONGRESS, THIRD DISTRICT:
D. WYATT AIKEN.
FOR THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES:
WILLIAM D. HARDY.
JEFFERSON A. SLIGH.
FOR PROBATE JUDGE:
JACOB B. FELLERS.
FOR COUNTr COMISSIONERS:
ANDREW J. LIVINGSTON.
JOHN DRAYTON SMITH.
' JACOB EPTING.
JAMES C. BOYD.
EUCLYDUS C. LONGSHORE.
Mr. G. B. Cromer gave an enter
taining and instructive lecture last
week on "Spoken English." We
have a few remarks to make on the
subject of Newspaper English ; not
in a spirit of unkind cridcism or of
fault-finding, but in order to awaken
an interest in the subject and incite
the editors of newspapers to greater
care in the use of the language.
Newspapers are more generally read
than anything else ; there is scarce
ly a reading family in the State that
does not take either a daily or
weekly newspaper ; and the young
er members get their ideas of the
English language, to a considerable
extent, from these papers. News
papers, therefore, should be not
only elevated in tone, reliable in
statements of fact, and pure in sen
timent, but their editors should
make it an object to write the En
glish language correctly. A news
paper whose editor is either igno
rant of or disregards the plain rules
of grammar and orthography is not,
as a rule, a desirable piece of read
ing matter. Those who read and
perceive the mistakes are disgusted
by them ; those who read without
perceiving them are being taught
bad Englis'h. There are many edi
tors in the State who write good
English, and there are others who
As proof of the latter assertion,
we mention a few mistakes observed
in one day the past week while
glancing over some of our ex
changes. It would not be improper
to call the papers by name ; but
we prefe?r to designate them by
numerals- Let it be remembered
that the mistakes to which we allude
are taken from editorial articles
1. In the first exchange we take
up we find spawn spelled with a u ;
somebody with two ds ; accommo
date with one nz; fastidious with an
e in the place of the second i. We
make no mention of grammatical
2. In the next partisans is spelled
with a z.
3. In the next apparent is spelled
with an ain place of the e; Jehus
is spelled Jehues ; and the editor
says a certain thing "had better be
4. In the next, categorical has an
a where the o ought to be; unmis
takable is spelled with an e between
the k and a ; velve ts is made velvits;
and the editor speaks of "petit of.
fences" when he means petty of
5. Another editor says, "Farmers
can't loose the time, &c.'
The last case we shall mention is
an editorial letter from a Professor
in the "South Carolina University"~
in Columbia to his paper in another
part of the State. Speaking of a
political meeting of the greenback
ers, he says "Capt. Marshall got
a;,cay with one of the leaders the
other day in debate," and "Col.
Haskell and C. 0. E4rshall demol
ished another." Speaking of ?h;
Congressionial races throughout the
country, h.e says, "So gloomy are
Bepublican prospects in iew york,
unless they secure seats from the
South, the Democrats will control
Congress." Unless who seenre seats
from the South? He catn't mean
the "prospects," for they don't se
cure seats; he can't mean "N v
York, Pennsylvania and rt'hr
States," for they don't "secure se-a:s
from the South" now, though some
of them did a few years ago : he
can't mean "democrats," for in tbt
case it would read "unless the drm
ocrats secure seats, &c., the demo
crats will control, &c.," and that
would not only be in violation of
good English but of good sense as
well. Further on in the letter we
are told that "Over a hundred sta
dents attended chapel exerc1 es the
Some of the errors mentioned in
the foregoing article are no doubt
typographical mistakes, for which
the editor is not responsible, except
in so far as he fails to read carefally
his proof sheets ; but many of them
are bona fide errore, that cannot be
packed off on the much abused
The New County Movement
Sonme Faets and Figures.
There are only eight counties in
the State that have white majori
tiea. These, with their area in
square miles, are:
Horry .. .............................1.100
That having between 1,000 and
2,000 black majority is, with its
Those having between 2,000 and
and 3,000 black majority are :
Between 3,000 and 4,000:
Between 4,000 and 6,000:
Between 6,000 and 8,000:
Between 8,000 and 10,000:
Darlington............... . ........900
Between 10,000 and 15,000;
Georgetown .. ........................900
Richiand.. ............ .......
More than 15,000:
Charleston County had 2,000
square miles and 40,955 ble ck ma
jority before Berkely County was
taken from it : we do not know how
these two counties stand now.
The "majority" spoken of above
means majority in population-the
majority in voters is about one
fifth of the population.
Can any one find in the above
facts and figures any grounds for
the proposed amendment ? The ar
guments urged by the advocates of
the amendment are, 1st, that it
would promote the convenience of
the people who now live long dis
tances from Court Houses ; and,
2nd, that it would prepare the way
for the formation of new democrat
ic counties. The first argument is
a good reason for cutting the larger
counties down to &25 square miles,
but is no reason for forming little
cow-pen ~ counties of 400 square
miles. As to the other argumqpt,
the facts are against it. It might
be possible to form two democratic
counties out of each of the follow
ing: Greenville, Horry, Lexington
and Pickens ; but not out of any
other without cutting off part of an
adjoining county. But suppose a
democratic county be created from
a republican county ; it can only be
done by cutting off that portion in
which the whites predominate ; and
this would leave the remaining por
tion more republican than it was
before, probably hopelessly so. To
illustrate: A new democratic coun.
ty could not be formed out of por
tion~s of Newberry and Fairfield, or
Newberry and Laurens, or Newber
ry and Union, or Newberry and
Edgefield. It might from Newber
ry and Lexington: but the effect
would be to leave Newberry a hope
lessly black county.
The expenses incident to the cre
ation of new counties are very con
siderable, and shold not be forgot
Work and Watch.
The democrats should work and
watch until election day. The
greenback-radical party is making
a vigorous fight. It is not making
much outward show, but is man
euvering by ways that are dark.
The democrats should not permit
themselves to be lulled into a fan
eied security ; for danger threatens.
pet the party do its utmost to so
completely o;er-whelm this green
back radical comnbinationi t it~
will never again dare to shouvis
A "Little Fling."
The little fling of the Newberr
HERALD at the uotive which leo
Cuu;ressman Richardson to decline th
Greenback nomination for Congres
rnw this, the Sixth District, fails t
accomplish that which it was intend
ed. If the HERALD knew the senti
weuts and wishes of the people of tii
district, it would have, instead of say
ing that Congressman Richardson'
course was not patriotic, lauded hiu
to the skies. Congressman Richard
son, in declining to run in opposi
tion to the regular Democratic nomi
nee, deserves the highest praise c
every true citizen of South Carolint
We admit, however, he but acted th,
part of a consistent Democrat, but it i
this manly adherence to duty as ea
hibited through the public and pr
vate life of John S. Richardson wbicl
has marked his career with sue
brilliancy and endeared him to th
hearts of the people of this districl
The Telephone did not copy who
it is pleased to style the "littl
fling," or its readers would has
seen that two statements made i
the above extract are untrue. 1i
The HERn did not question Co
Richardson's motives. 2nd. Th
HaA.n did not say Col. Richard
son's course was not patriotic. I
did say that his declination of tb
greenback radical nomination fc
Congress should not affect hi
chances for the U. S. Senate on
way or the other. The HEa.T
knows nothing of Col. Richardso
except what is to his credit. Ou
opinion of him is not changed b
his declining to accept a greenbaci
radical nomination. To say tht
such declination raised a Sout
Carolina democrat in our estimi
tion, would be admitting that of
opinion of him had previously be6
very low indeed. If Col. Richart
son has any cause to be grieved :
is against those injudicious friend
of his who have made such a hu:
rah over his declination, as if the
would say be is a better man tha
they thought he was. They pay hit
the same kind of compliment tht
Dolly pays to Pittacus in "Hazi
Kirke," w: " she says to him
"Then you are not such a fool t
We are surprised to see that s
respectable a newspaper as ti
Sumter Watchman copies the Tel
phone's article without copyin
Geo. S. James-And the "Firm
Gen. Stephen D. Lee, of Missii
sippi, in a letter to the New Orlear
Times .Democrat, says that histor
is wrong in ascribing the firing <
the first gun of the war to Edmun
Ruffin, of Virginia. He says ver
positively that the first gun we
fired by Geo. S. James, of Laurei
County, S. C.
James and Ruffin are both dea<
The former was killed in battle, an
the latter committed suicide aft4
The letter of Gen. Lee is copie
in another column.
The Charleston News and Cour
er, in commenting on the lette:
says that James was from Oheste:
This is a mistake: he was fro:
Laurens. His father was Stob
James, and his mother was a Pope
sister of Mrs. John Belton O'Nea
and Thos. H. Pope, the father of or
townsmen Gen. Y. J. and Dr. Saml
son Pope. George James was 1
the Mexican .War, though a mer
lad at the time. He afterward
graduated at the South Carolii
College, and then went west, wher
he taught school. Returning t
this State, he made his home wit
his uncle, Judge O'Neall, of New
berry. Through the influencec
the Judge he was appointed Liet
tenant of Artillery in the regula
army, which position he resigne
at the breaking out of the "Wa
between the States." He was mad
Captain of a company in a regimer
of S. C. Regulars, of which reg
ment Col. Alfred Rhett, now Chi4
of Police of Charleston, was Colone
It was while Captain that the event
occurred that are narrated in Ger
Lee's letter. Shortly after this
Battalion was formed of volunteer
mostly fr.om the country roun<
about Martin's Depot. Capt. Jame
was elected Major, and it then b(
came "James' Battalion."
A strange circumstance connected
with Col. Jlames' death is that h
was killed in front of the very bal
tery of artillery in which he ha<
once been Lieutenant, and his for
mer comrades buried him on thi
The 58th annual meeting of the
South Carolina Synod (Lutheran:
will begin in Charleston Novembei
It has been clearly established that
Catarrh is a blood poison; therefore
any remedy that is a perfect blood
purifier will cure this disease. S. S.
S. is the remedy, being punrely vege
table, and has been known to cure
some of the worst cases in a few
weeks. Price 10 n 17 e
CrHARLESTON, S. C., Oct. 23,.1882.
e DEAR HERALD: Two weeks ago I
s left Newberry and office duties, seek
L ing health and receration in the City
by the Sea ; and I hope that I have.
- found the fire,t. and f'-el sati.fied and
fully paid in having found the other.
s thanks to the many kind friends and
relatives I have here. This is a delight
ful season of the year in which to visit
this charming city, almost every portion
of which I have been driven over by my
f kind friend Mr. Richard Arnold. Two
rides a day behind his splendid three
year old colt over the rock laid streets,
s from North to South and East to West.
have given me such a wholesome shak
ing of the old bones that the marrow
seems to have undergone a sense of In
brication, imparting new life and vigor.
e How delightful are the morning and
afternoon drives over the stony streets
to the Battery. and up the shell road to
the Magnolia Cemetery and beyond,
with the invigorating breezes from off
e old ocean, gently, and anon, roughly
e playing with one's locks. I could nev
er tire of the pleasures we had and shall
n feel regret when the time of departure
Charleston is at her brightest now,
and going through the various avenues
e used by the drays, carts and other kinds
. of vehicles adapted to the transport of
merchandise, a gentleman from the
suburbs or interior of this great com
e monwealth loeks with open-eyed sur
r prise and wonders at its vastness. Cot
ton is certainly king on many of the
8 streets, and the continual, never ceas
e , ing, noisy rumble of the drays piled
with the fleecy staple brings to mind
D the old tale of the swarming of the lo
n custs. The city is in6eed busy, an,l I
r feel almost lost in the whirl.
Many of the readers of the HEuALD
Y know but little of the ships. Ii! tle or big,
in which men venture down into the
sea. It is a great pleasure to ho:crd an
ocean steamer, and tiat plea:ure was
h afforded me Friday bat, by a vi:it to
. the City of Atlanta, a nob;e, ucautifully
proportioned vessel. Asce nling by the
gangway, it seemed as if we were
n climbing a mountain, and o::e on deck,
we were surprised at thu vnstness of
things, and the look of comfort and ele
it gance of all its appurtenances. We
s were politely escorted thrure;; the din
ing saloon, shown the berths, the kitch
en, the table silver, the dishes snugly
y stowed, each pile in its separate com
n partment, and all the hundred and one
things which go to make up a ,hip.
n This vessel is commanded by 'CApt. R.
t W. Lockn. ood, a native of Charleston,
every inch a seaman, and a gentleman
of fine conversational powers, with
whom it is a pleasure to sail over the
s briny deep. The latene.s of the season
alone prevented me,from venturing a
voyage with him to New York.
o Charleston is blessed in her schools,
the principal of which are the Normal,
the school of Dr. Porter, and the High
School, each of which numbers its pu.
g pils by the hundreds, and no more
pleasant sight is there to be 'seen than
the crowds of happy and intelligent
children on their way every morning
t to the different places of learning.
But as I only intended telling my
readers that I am here and improving
in health. I will close this hasty letter
.8 with the best of wishes for their happi
ness and prosperity.
Eoa TEE HERALD.
d Pen Portraatures.
8 (Being a Series of Pen and Ink Sketches of
Familiar Forms and Faces in our Midst.)
d OTRTNO. 1.
rA dark complexioned, dark eyed man of
somewhat rugged face whose form has a
d~ degree of portliness that is not excessive or
unbecoming to one in middle or advanced
life, and wh.ich does not suggest the idea
j. of obesity. The writer remembers him as
a young man, a young widower, and a mem
r, ber of the medical fraternity in the South
em r part of the County, when he was more
of an Adonis in appearance, having more
n slender proportions, but with a sufficient
o degree of flesh to give a becoming round
ness to a well proportioned figure which ta
- pered downward in a very becoming man.
[l ner. His dark eyes had that burning in
tensity wh ch with the mingled olive and
.r red in his complexion at that period of life
y. and the dark curling locks "of raven hue"
evidently betokened the n ative of a South
ern clime, and yet the physiognomy was
e not that of an Italian but rather an Ameri
car.ized German type of the educated class.
8 A sojourn of two or three years in Paris
a and elsewhere in Europe for the advantsges
of improvement in the medical art, and the
e practice of that art in a neighboring city,
o the Capihal of our State, wrought much
change in the smooth oval face to a much
more rugged physiognomy. His first mar
r- riage, of much romantic interest and short
duration, was succeeded after some years
by a second union with *ne of the most
L- beautiful nomnen of our community, and
r now one soin (also a disciple of Esculampius)
still in the state of single blessedness, and
four or five grown daughters (two of them
r married) the ogspring of the second mar
riage, reside amongst uis or not far distant,
e whilst the .-ubject of this sketch has practi?
Scally approved the state of matrimony by a
third marriage with one of suita"le maturi
L- ty in years, the relict of a former friend,
fwho, though a grandmother now, has pre.
served her comeliness'ln a most remarkablei
manner through five decades and a lustrum
8 of years which may be attributed to the,
enjoyment of health and a fine constitution.
-The subject of this sketch is fond of science
and is a proficient therein, besides standingj
at the bead of his profession ; and has ulso
no small lame as a writer and author, some
of whose productions remind one of Edgar
Allen Poe's weird and thrilling s,ories. His
tales or stories chiefly illustrate the charac
teristics, the manpe'is and cugtoms of our -
Dutch Fork community, and he is to them
what Sir Walter Scott was to Scotland, or
IMiss Edgeworth to Ireland. He is or has
been quite a proficient in music, has a most 1
Sdiscriminating ear and taste in that art, I
- and is a true descendant of his Gerimin an-j
Scestry in his devotion to that art. (I take
it lie is of Teutonic origin as his style of.
complexion is different from the fair and
Sflorid style of the Hollanders ) It is not I
an uncommon thing to hear him make imi
tations of the trombone (motto voce) as he
walks along twirling his stick. A<hough
he is addict ed to the pleasuleg of. a whole
some cuisine he .can h;ardly be styled ap epi
cure as he does not dwell upon or rave about 3
the excellences of this dish or that, or of f
this vintage or that brand of wine, as if it
was the chief end and aim of life to discuss
such sut ects. IIe is quite orthodo; in his a
relig'ious creed; has no patience with nmod- n
ern skeptniim, and is uncompromising in d
his denunciation of vice in all its Protean ci
tom;hsalways been temperate in prac
tice tbugh not a teetotaler in profession,.a
He is not an egoist, and if he has any vani- P
ty on any subj.ect (which few or none arec e:
free front), and it is excited in any way, it si
is only a ripple which soon subsides, leav
ing the surface of the lake as smooth and
Junruffled and impenetrable as before.
(Tn be continneA.)
No Solid Black Vote.
Co1ored Men Congratulating a Pastor who
Preached Revolt from the Machine.
New York Sun.
The Rev. T. M -Cauts Stewart
preached to a representative col-ed
:ongregatiou in the B-thel Methouist
Church last evening. The theme of
his sermon was -Progress the Order of
.he Hou:.' He had five or six hun
ired auditors, In the course of his
remarks he said :
-We are regarded as mere ciphers.
[a the department of finances the
Daucasians say, -Pshaw l' In busi
oess they ignore us. In politics they
treat us as slaves, and nominate can
idates by fair and by foul meaus, and
expect us to support them as a matter
>f course. Only last evening I had a
geutlewan of local political distinction
,ome to me at the parsonage and hand
me a written notice of a meeting at
Cooper Institute. My name is on it
3s a speaker with Mr. Langston and
Mr. Lynch, at a Folger meeting. No
uestion was asked as to my opinion
touching the present political issues ;
but, being a negro, I, as a matter of
:ourse, am expected to support the
regular Republican candidate, no mat
ter if his nomination was conceived in
error and brought forth in fraud. And
3o we are all treated in politics as in
business-as mere ciphers.
'But it behooves as to go forward
even in regard to our political rela
tions. Our imaginary debt of grat.
itude bound us hand and foot to the
Republican party. It emancipated
the slaves to save the Union, and we
imagined that we were thus put under
3pecial -and binding obligations. It
enfranebised the freedman to use his
vote so as to save the party, and we
again imagined we could never-pay
the debt of gratitude. But to-day
the negro, viewing the record of the
Republican party in the spirit of
philosophical reflection, is no longer
bound by gratitude. falsely so called
-by a sickly sentimentalism. To
day we are rapidly progressing to
where we give our support to only
that party that stands not only
for justice and political equality be
tween man and man, but which gives,
by its character and its acts, the earn
est ,f good and econcinical govern
'Let us inspire our children with a
3pirit of political independence. Let
as, even in matters of politics, be not
Like dumb driven cattle, and white <
men will respect us. Scores of negroes
will agree with such men as Cuyler,
Drosby, and Talmage, and such pa
pers as the Independent, and by re
maining at home or voting a scratch
ed ticke t leave Mr. Folger in the
Ireasury, thus rebuking the fraud
by . which he was nominated, and
teaching the party of Sdmner, Garri
ion, Greeley, and Smith that 'right
eousness exalteth a nation, but sin is
a reproach to any people:''
The majority of the congregation
shook hands with the minister after
the sermon, heartily congratulating
him and approving what he said.
The Constitutional Amend
E-Gov. Perry on the New County Question. -
Greenville Enterprise and Mountaineer.
Mr. Editor :
At the next general election the
people of South Carolina will have to
rote on three Constitutional amend
ments, which the Legislature proposed
at their last session.
The first excludcs all persons
sonvicted of an infamous crime
From the right of suffrage. It is to
be presumed that no honest and in
:elligent voter will object tn this
mnendument. Criminals, who have
seen convicted of larceny, arson, bur
;lary, rape and murder, should have
othinzg to do in making laws for
~be State~ or electing public Lfficers.
L'his will be a very proper and whole
come amneudwent to our State Con
The amendment, which proposes to
rive the Legislature the authority to
ppoint the day, on which our State
lections shalt be held, is also a very
~roper one. This will enable us to
prevent the United States in super
rising our State elections, which they
iow have, by ordering the Congres
~ional and Presidential elections to
ake place at the same place with our
The other amendment which pro
oses to give -the Legislature the
ower of making a great many new
~ounties in the State is decidedly
>bjectionable. The expense of build
ng new court houses and jails, hay
og an additional number of clerks
Lnd sheriffs, an additional num
er of juries, solicitors, con'stables,
ndges and other public officers, Will
Lnmount to thousands and hundreds of
housands of dollars and increase the
axes enormously. But this is not all.
ach new county will have to have a
enator. This will give the lower
~ountry and the negroes entire control
f the Senate, which no Democrat or
~pper country voter should sanction.
know it. is said that a Democratic
~egislatare will not do this. But
ha~t certa?inty have we that the Leg
siature will always bt. Democratic ?
ocal influences may be brought to
ear on a Democratic Legislature, to
ivide some of the large counties in
he lower part of the State
}Ve ..iuld let well enough alone.
'fe counties. utU, ~are nop Goo large
>r public conven'iLnce. If this Con
titutional awendmjent should be 1
dopted, there will be applications for
ew coujnties by the dozen, every
epot and cross road store will wish a
urt house. By all means. vote
gainst this amendment, which will
rove u dangerous and most expensive
[periment. Our taxes are already w
ifficiently onerous, and we can not b4
ell bear any addition to them. O*
B. F. PERRY.
Sans Souci, Oct. 13th, 1882.
Five Negroes Hanged.
By Telegraph to the Chronicle.
EASTMAN. GA. O.-tuber 20.--At I
)'el,wk to day R. ddick Pnwel. Suson
J'G . Je1, ph Kin,. Robert Dunal
ion and Ella Moore, negrm-s. were
anged in the j.il yard for-copliciry
a a riot which occurred at this place
>n A+ueu-t 6th during a camp meeting.
n which an innocent youog white
nm:o. n:cd Janiea Harvard, was s. t
puu by an infuriated mob, and. after
)eing hot by one of theu, was beaten
l .ost to a jelly by the others. The
WoWau raised the first howl wbich ex
:ited the u>ob to the desperate work.
No atte:impt was made to rescue them,
nd not wore than 50 negroes. from
whom violence was expected, were in
own. A detachment of military fronm
H1acon were present for protection.
Death of Bishop Paine.
NEW ORLEANS, October 20.-An a
kberdeen, Miss., says: Our town is in ST
nourning for the death of the Rev.
Robem t Paine. Senior bishop of the Me
;bodist Epi.vopal Church, South, who
lied in rusl possession of his faculties Tb
t halt-past 4 o'clck this morning, nh
ged 83 dit
The youthful color and a rich lustre
ire restored to faded or gray hair by
he use of Parker's Hair Balsam. a
arwless dressing highly esteemed for
ts perfume and parity.
October 25, 1832, by Rev. D. W. Thom
ison, Mr. ROBT. G. WALLACE to 31 iss LucY OP
). SPEARMAx-both of Newberry County.
Oct. -.1882, by Rev. J. C. Counts, Mr.
LUTHER BoOZER to Miss MAXIE MOORE
)oth of Newberry County.
NEWBERRY, S. C., Oct. 21, 1882.
List of advertised letters for week ending
kllen, Isaac IHeller, August
kbrams, Miss M. E. Heller, Wm. Al
3oykin, W. C. Hendrix, James
3raxton, Henry Hendrix, Henry
,ameron, A. J. Jones,Clayton
,romer, H. W%. Johnson, John S.
romer, W. C. Lester, Mrs. C.
ronner, Miss Emeline-Long. M. M.
"hapman, Mrs. Sallie Mitchell, Henry
)anie, Willam Moats, A. W.
)eavenport, W. P. Martan, Eliga
ranklin, E. S. Nestly, Joseph
ranklin, D. B. *Testly, Mary
ranklin, J. W. Simpkins, Mrs. Mary
rederick, Jack P.
?nltman. U. W. Saber, D. C.
illiam. Jno. W. Senn, H. B.
lenn, Elijah - Thomas, Booty
lenn, Harper Williams, Miss Sallie
Henn, Jno. D. Williams, Albert
Parties calling for letters will please say
r advertised. R. W. BOONE, P. M.
IAKERY and CONEECTIONE?Y
(AT CREDE'S OLD STAND.)n
At my Bakery the ~people of Newberry
*nd surrounding country can always find
LOAF BREAD--Wheat, RyeJ
JAKES, PIES, CANDIES, &c.T
I make my Bread from the best quality ia
My Candies I manufacture myself, and
varrant that they are pure.
Cakes for weddings or parties made to
rder on short notice and neatly iced and
Thankful for past patronage, I ask a con
inuance of the same.
F. W. HILKER.~ in
Oct. 26, 43-1Ot.
Wanted to Rent,
A good house with five or six rooms, for tio
~hich a good figure will be paid.
Apply to WV. R. DAVIS,
Oct. 26, 43-it Cotton Broker.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLTNA, 2
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY.- hot
IN COMMON PLEAS. m
.Ex parte-Hannah Russell. Wi
Petition for Homestead.de
Notice is herebt' given that Hannah kus
eli has th is day -fied with the undersigned
er petition to have appraised and set off
o her and her minor children in a certain
ract of land of which her late husband,
V'rren Russell, died seized and possessed,
ituated in the County ar.d St1mte aforesaid, C
ontaining Eighty Acres, more or less, and -
ounded by lands of Mrs. T. M. Paysinger, l
irs Sibbie Blair, D. A. Cansnon, FrankIl
loon and others And also a homestead
a the persouat'estate of the said Warren
Oct. 26, 43-4t.t Master. F
The p;er: superiority of DR.
IBULL'S COUGH SYRUP over
all other cough remedies is attested
by the immense popular demand
for that old established remedy.
For the Cure of Coughs, Colds, SE
Hoarseness, Group, Asthma, Bron
chitis,Whooping Cdugh,TIncipient GOC
Consumption and for the relief of
consumptive persons in advanced
stages of the'Disease. For Sale
byW all Druggists.-Pri-:e 25 'ents.wh
Growing Sugar Cane and In need of -
CANE MILLS AND EVAPORA TORS,
11 find it to their interest to call on me
fore making purchases, as I am .gent for A
,e of the cheapest and best Factories in cipal
e country. First
S. P. BOOZER.
July 19, 29-_t Se
ry Goods and tioinss.
Um PALL oPui
We take great pleasnre in informing our I
rnds and the pihic generally, tn:.t we
pr'p,rt"l t: i, season TO EXHIBIr
RGER AND MORE ATTRACTIVE
in we have do'ne before.
)ur stock is now about COMPLETE, al
ugh every day we are making new ad
:ons.which will be kept up through the
Plaids and Stripes,
Black Cashmeree, -
Black Velvets, -
Black Dress Silk,
Black Trimming SIk,
lored Trimming Silk,
ilack Brocade Silk,
Colored Brocade Silk,
Ve invite special attention to our
nts' Furnishing Department =
ich is now complet".
olite and courteous attention given to
ry visitor, whether purchaser or not.
Vhen v"siting the City don't fail to ca ''
ep. 7, 36-1f.
GenllTmen and Yus
Who Would Make ]
A Good Appearance.
would state to those who want nice fit
Lt I have in stock the most choice selec
r seen in this city. -My son, irho has
n cutting at one of the first custom
ses in New York, is with me, and, with
foreman, Mr. Hagg, will be able to
se the most fastidious of my eustomers.
I also make to order Dress nhirts, Un
shirts and Drawers. It costs nothing
~all and see
COLUMBIA, S. C.
eCt. 12, 41-tE.
or the Next Sixty Days
In all Our Lines of"
)ur Bargain Table
tsins severail hundred pieces of CLOTE
arnd other goods which wvill be
d Without Regard to Cost. ,
Our T .rge Stock~ og
(WITHI SHIRTS A SPECIALTY,)A
af-.red at prices that Cannot fail to
e h ie in please.
ehweieahof our~ lines some ODDS
) k. 'DS which we are deter:nined to
1.L 08 GIVE AWAY,
i RARG;AI:'s await any who esi -use
amie and see us, and we will tpiL yog
n. 15, 24-if.
positioni as~ Asistant Teacher, orPrin
or a Free school, by a lady holding
Grade Cert ficate. Inquire at
p.2,e on9n-tr '