Newspaper Page Text
T GRNENEKER EDITOR .
r : EWBERRY, S. C.
THURSDAY, FEB. 22, 1883
A PAPER POR THU POPL.E.
HS" eral isn the highest respectaFah
v , devoted to the material ti
people~ ofthis County and th
it extensively, and as ai
medima ofers unrivalled ad
STerms see firtpage.
Free Public Educaein.
A number of petitions have late
ly gone up to Congress, asking ai
for public education at the South
and they have called forth variei
comment. These petitions repre
sent the feeling that we are not al
together responsible for the degre
of ignorance that prevails in th
Southern States, and the belief tha
the State governments are not abb
to give adequate support to thei
public schools. The first questioi
to be decided in the discussion o
any such subject as this, is whethe
free public education is ever a wis
measure ; and that question ha
been answered in a practical wa;
by the State governments. A di
ferent question, and one which rE
mains to be settled, is whether it i
legitimate for Congress to aid th
Southern States in the work the;
are doing, or whether they shoull
make the fight for education, un
The increase of illiteracy at th
South since 1870, is alarming. Th
nrmber of illiterate votes in th
late slave4olding States was, i:
1880, more than one million, thre
hundred thousand, the illiteracy a
the negroes being greatly in exces
ofthat of the whites, This ignoranc
is a standing menace to the perpett
ityof our republican institutions, an
the welfare of society. It is a pul
lie evil, and it furnishes the strong
est argument in favor of prompt rt
lief by the general government.
One of the finest political thin]
er- that ever touched a pen say
"I regard it as wholly inadmissibl
that any person should participat
in the suffrage, without being abl
K to read, write, and perform the coui
mon operations of arithmetic." Uni
versal teaching should precede und
versal voting; and the natio:
should make elementary educatio:
accessible 'to the humblest cit'izer
Those who argue that educatio:
n fils to .make. the negro a bette
citizen, prove nothing against put
lie schools, for they might add tha
education does not make the whit
man a better citizen; but it bette1
fits each for an intelligent exercis
of the privileges of citizenship
Education seeks moral associations
and no one who has not let a fave
rite .theory silence common sense
will deny that society is safest ii
the most enlightened community
or that education and material de
velopment go hand in hand.
It should be ,borne in mind tha
these petitions do not in a.ny sens<
pray for Northern aid; they as]
the general government for tha
which they are entitled to receive
and which would be of immense ad
vsntage to tYu public, without be
ing missed from the national tres
ury. And it~ would be both legiti
mate and judicious for Congress t<
appropriate for public education
fifteen millions of the one hnndrei
and forty millions of dollars, tha1
annually flow into the yublic fund
over and above the necessary ex
penditures of the government. With
out aid of this kind, our free pub
S lic schools must for a long time rc
main inefficient. They meet obsta
eles that are peculiar to the South.
Their effEciency is crippled by th<
* sparseness of our population; ther
comes the indisposition to taxatfor
and the want of funds. But the
most serious obstacle, and one
which our critics have not yet giver
the consideration it deserves, is
the race problem. The negroes
in our State pay comparatively
nothing for public education, and
yet the colored children in omi
schools outnumber the white chil.
-dren by more than ten thousand.
Thme presence of these negro chil
dren renders two sets of schools
--. necessary, for mixed schools will
never be tolerated; and it conse.
.- quently makes the school systeh
less than half as efBient as it would
otherwise be. The negro is com.
-paratively a new comer in society,
and education means a great deal
S re to him than to his white neigh.
-In addition to the usual men
eof our schools. he must
morals and good
* es better
The general government makes
aplprations to support a navy
and a standing army, and no one
objects; it seeks to advance the
commercial interests of our common
country by constructing jetties in
Charleston harbor, and no one feels
that his State pride has been stab
bed. No more should we let a
mawkish sentiment -or silly pride
lead us to oppose the appropriation
of public money to make war upon
ignorance, that insidious public
enemy, and to advance the educa
tional interests of our people.
The Troublesone Tie.
In the House there was consid
erable debate on the motion of Mr.
Mackey to make the duty on cotton
ties 35 per cent. ad valorem instead
of 1 4-10 cents. per pound as pro
posed in the bill.
Mr. Aiken spoke, stating that he
had learned among many othei
I things that the whole country de
mands a revision of the tariff; thai
this revision must protect labor, of
the manufacturer's pocket will suf
a fer; that this revision must proteci
e the manufacturer's pocket or labo:
t will undoubtedly suffer; that 90 pei
cent. of the value of the manufac
tured article is labor; that 90 pe
r cent. of the value of the manufac
1 tured article goes to the employer
f while 10 per cent. goes to labor
r that a majority of the Republican!
on this floor, while clamoring foi
protection to labor, legislates the
s profits of labor into somebody else'f
V pockets; and that if Republicar
statistics are to be credited therE
are more men protected by the
tariff than there are laborers in the
s United States.
e Mr. Aiken refuted the statemeni
V that the planters of the South sel:
I their cotton ties, for which the3
pay four cents, as so much cotton
He showed that the price of cottor
was fixed in Liverpool. He als<
e showed* that when the system o:
e deducting a fixed percentage foi
e tare in Liverpool was adopted the
a cotton crop was wrapped in Eas1
e India bagging, weighing full twc
and n quarter pounds per yard
To-day it is baled in New Englant
s bagging that weighs less than on(
e and a half pounds per yard, anc
which is sold to the cotton-plante:
in rolls of fifty and one hundrec
yards each, every roll of whicl
when measured at the gin-housi
- falls short from one to three yards
And the ties, too, are invoiced a
forty bundles to the English ton
and he doubted if any planter eve
found fifty-six pounds in a bundle
s He never found one to weigh ove1
e fifty-five pounds, and he had weigh
e ed hundreds. And yet, the tare-.
e the same as when the Fast Indii
bagging was used. See how the
cotton planter is fleeced.
SMr. Aiken went into the history
-of the cotton tie, and said that 11
Scould not be claimed that the man
ufacturers of cotton ties had beer
driven out by "the pauper labor ol
-England." In 1880 there were sis
~cotton tie manufactories in th4
r United States. The profit upor
.their investment of $70,500 amount
ed to $54,084, or, after deducting tu~
cost of salaries, insurance, &c., ai
Sannual income of over 15 per cent
The cotton tie manufacturers sim.
Sply shifted their labor from cottoi
ties to hoop iron, which under
prohibitory duty paid better.
The Southern cotton planter had
- struggled on from year to yeat
,trying to solve the problem of grow
ing cotton with free labor, without
appealing to the government for aid
or bounties, battling against Gov
ernme.nt taxation, disorganized
labor, English protection to East
SIndia cotton, and thousand of
obstacles only known to himself,
until to-day he produces the con
trolling' cotton crop of the world.
11is example Mr. Aiken corn
mended to the manufacturers of
-the United States. The wages in
.man~y portions of his State, and in
all t.ie Cotton States to a certain
degree, are one-half the gross pro
-ducts of their annual toil. If hes
Sunderstood the multiplication ta
,ble, every bale of cotton offered for
tsale by a farmer since the 1st day
.of Januiary, 1883, contained 110 per
'cent. of labor, for he felt warranted
in saying it cost him 10) per cent.
more- to make it than lie received
for it in market. Therefore, in
.steati of taxing this labor more
heavily he would relieve it by leg.
islation of some of its multifarious
oppressions, and ,h mno
point at whc.t'ei etra
by placing 'cotton ties one@h?ffree
The amend Mr.u Makey
was defeaty a vote of 101 nays
to 97 a"
T}e Bessemer steel-makers of
the country are threatened with a
new pe.ril. Within a few days a
trial of paper rails will be made on
a prominent Western trunk line.
The pulp of which the rails are
entirely composed is by pressure
made as solid as metal and much
more durable, while the safety thus
obtained is multiplied by exemp
tion from atmospheric changes that
comp)rise the main drawback to
"Tis more brave to live than to
die." Therefore don't wait till a
slight Cough develops itself into
consumption but secure a bottle-of
Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup at the
small outlay of 25 cents, cure your
Cough and live on happily..
George' Washington was born
February 22, 1732, and died in 1799.
So. as Pat says, "If he'd a. lived
imtns year hed&a bin dad ist 84
A Teachers Institute.
We wish it was obligatory on
the School Commissioner, by law,
or at least in his disoretion, to re
quire all teachers in his County to
attend an Institute meeting at least 1
quarterly. Let there be a fine put
upon those who do not attend, and
who have no satisfactory excuse,
said fine to be deducted from their
next paper offered for approval, and
applied for the benefit of the Insti
We produce from The Teachers
Institute published in N. Y., what
an institute should be, and what it
can do :
Teachers should hold meetings
and when they meet should take up
the subjects that need discussion.
This paper has urged that the
teachers' meetings should be in ef
feet a normal school-of the right
type, and it still urges it. (') Let
it take up certain subjects and let
them be studied over; let the presi
dent "drill" upon them in the most
thorough manner. (2) Let there be
at each session one or more "class
exercises," a class of pupils brought
in and taught by a member as a
class should be taught. (3) Let
there be discussions by the teach
ers; let both the ladies and the geu,
tleman give their views and their
reasons. (4) Let there be short pa
pers and short addresses read, also
music; and a good hearty greeting
of one another. Above all put an
account of your exercises in the
3 newspaper-this is as all important
as polities, show that you think so
by putting an account of your do
ings in the papers.
Hoping that the School Com
missioner, his board, teachers and
all who wish to foster and improve
public education may concur,
I am yours truly.
[The law on this subject provides
"It shall be the duty of each Coun
ty School Commissioner to aid the
teachers in all proper efforts to im
prove themselves in their profes
sion. For this purpose, he shall
encourage the formation of asso
ciations of teachers for common
r improvement. Ile shall attend the
meetings of such associ4ipus, and
give such advice and instruction in
regard to their conduct and man
t agement as in his judgment, will
contribute to their greater efficien
r cy. Eds.]
Tne Greenville News speaking of
our inability to comprehend its
dark and mysterious utterance on
the subject of Democracy, says:
"We are compelled to decline the
task of supplying the HERALD with
the requisite brains to comprehend
them. We have none to spare, and
rthe contract is too large for the limi
ted resources of this establishment,"
Just fancy, if you can, our Con
t2lmporary making this confession,
"It would be a large contract to
furnish the requisite ,brains to com
prehend the statements of the
Greenville News!" Marvellously
frank; but at last we see no-reason
why we should not agree with our
esteemed contemporary. When our
contemporary settles to its Stride, it
fairly takes one's breath away, lis
ten to this: "The resources of the
NVews are too limited to supply the
requisite brains." Now, that's
downright bashfulness, and we
don't hesitate to- say so. Does our
contemporary expect even the poor
H ERALD to believe that? Think of
it; "We, we, the Greenville News,
cannot do this thing, because we
have not the resourg" No, sir,
we are usually credulous enough;
but we don't believe a word of that.
The News could, if only it would.
Talk about unreconstructed South
erners ! The New York Legislature
only a few days ago finally passed
a bill repealing the provisions in the
Revised Statutes allowing the pur
chase, holding and sale of slaves in
the State !
An Atlanta dispatch of the 15th,
instant says: Immigrants to the
West are returning. A party of
seventeen from Aiken, S. C., came
back to-day. They are disgusted
The illicit distillers and sellers
of mountain whiskey have occupied
a large share of the time of the
United States Court at Greenville.
It would pay the government to
let these "nmonshiners" alone.
Gen. Fitzhugh Lee says that after
Appomattox an old Virginian re
marked to a party of returning
soldiers : "Oh, it's that -- Fitz.
Lee who surrendered, old Gen. Lee
On Saturday, Senator Butler pre
sented to the Senate the resolutions
of the South Carolina Legislature
in regard (p Federal aid for com
Everybody is using; and every
body is recommending to every
body's friends, Brown's Iron Bit
ters as a reliable iron medicine, a
The State Agricultural and
Mechanical Society is preparing for
Fox TuE HERALD.
New York Letter.
AsToR Houss, Niw Yonu, Feb. 12,'83.
DEAR HERALD:-Sarely this is "a very
ray world for to live in, for to snend or to
lend or to give in." New York is a.world in
Itself, only on a small scale. To a country
lad like myself, is is full of charms, "wise
saws and modern instances." It Is worth
any man's hard-earned money to see-for to
see is to believe-the sights. One catches it
anyway, if he should perchance call for
what his heart most yearns for. Take the
table d'hote for Instance: the menu at a frst
class stopping house, tenderloin steak, $1.25;
cup coffee, 25 cents; boiled eggs, 25 cents,
etc. Would you think a poor man's money
lasts long at that rate? Upon a careful re
view of the case by you, the negative of the
question would lack for no sunport on your
part. Rooms from 50 cts. to $8.00 per diem!
That takes all a man can make In a week
down South.. It is worth enjoying, however,
once upon a time, provided you sandwich it
with an occasional visit home, where our
"hog and hominy" costs less, if it is not so
Your correspondent halted at this place
night before last in the "wee sma' hours
ayant the twal." "All aboard" resounding
from the stentorian voice of the burly brakes
man at Baltimore means "Passengers, change
cars." You are at New Jersey Ferry after a
brisk ride of a few hours, during which speed
approximates sixty miles an hour. Cross
the ferry where polite hackmen are prepared
to conduct you to your hotel, if not beyond
eight or ten blocks, for Si 50. Then eome:
bustle, fuss and Feathers, steam elevators, and
the whole train of other things that are
alway s on the programme. Went oat yester
day to Brooklyn Tabernacle and heard Tal
mage. Cross Fulton Ferry, and by line of
street cars you soon reach the "holy gate."
En route, there are here and there occur
rences that absorb one's thoughts and attract
one's attention. People rush with an air of
anxiety and impatience that i4 enough to
take your breath away-all but. There is
no regard for the amenities that a Southern
man so scrnpulously observes. You can
tell men from the South as soon as you meet
them. They are more modest in their per
egrination, and move with apparently less
disturbance. (It is said in fact that they are
getting so fast in New York that the business
people don': care to work over five hour, daily)
A heavy snow storm, Saturday, the 10th,
covers the ground with a hoary covering, deep
enongh to give a man a burial position. On
all :ides men are shoveling the snow and ice
from the pavements, and the snow brigade is
reinforced by the characteristic street gam
ins and newsboys of New York, who pelt the
passers-by with snow-balls. The people
move, however, despite the frigidness of the
situation. The East river presents a beauti,
ful appearance, the turboats, the ferryboats,
the shipping vessels all alike have donned
a covering of white, and the ship hands
busily apply themselves towards disposing of
it where objectionable.
Now and then a sleigh is seetr, with oc
cupants all clad wit: furs and muff and
arctic. They seem to enjoy the sport and I
guess the, do. Well, we reach the Taber
nacle, where we are politely ushered to the
gallery and given a comfortable position,
from which to lake in the situation. As we
enter a hymn is given out, and the orche.tra
tunes up, the congregation rice and all join
in who have books and voices. "Hold the
Fort" being a popular air, there is no lack
of accompaniment. Talmage soon after
rises and gives his text in a squeaking voice
somethiig like that of a bov who approaches
maturity; 91th Psalm of David, Tart of the
9th verse, "Ile that formed the eve, shall he
not see." The burden of the effort was to
show God's majesty and power from the
creation of the eye, which he described as the
"imperial organ of the human system."
The eye is mentioned 634 times in the Bible.
For instance Divine care as the apple of the
eye. Pride as "Oh! how lofty are thine eyes."
Inattention, "Fool's eyes the end of the
earth ;" suddenness, "in the twinkling of an
eye the last trumpet shall sound," &c. Dr.
Talmage said it has been a wonder to him
for the past thirty years that some optician
does not deliver a series of lectures through
the country. displaying upon large canvass
all the ingenious parts and mechanism of
that great organ, to show the wonderful
abilities of the eye, in common parlance re
jeeting all medical nojenclatire. God's
wisdom was so great that be illumined the
world before he created man and gave him
his eyesight. "A fter the human eye is no
longer to he profited by their shIning, the
chandeliers of heaven nre to be turned out "
God honored the eyes by making a roof for
them-the eye brows which reach to the right
and left so that the sweat from toil would trick
le to the one or the other side, thus protecting
that organ which is of so great value to the
human being. There are- eight hundred
contrivances to every eye, which opens and
closes daily so often. Its ability to reject or
to receive. Within, the pupil dilating or
contracting at pleasure; its ability to se-e by
day or nigh t, showing its superiority. One
muscle to lift te eye. and one to lower. The
retina gamboling in ibe rays of ligh'. What
a delicate lens!' What an exquisi:e screen !
What wonderful chemistry of the human
eye! A contrivanc,e so very wonderful that it
it can see the sun ninety-five millions of miles
away and yet the-point of-a p.n. The arront
ner moves his telescope until it is prepared to
do its work, but the humani eve is al' ayys or
ranged to take in evety situa.tion, as by coup
d'oeil. It is a wonderful chamera obscura. No
delica te and yet a ligh t comning 95 millions of
miles is obliged to hta!t at the gate of the
eye, till the portcul;is is lifted. rtere ;a also
a merciful arr::nge-men t of the tear glands:
the tear not an nugmen'ation of sorrow, but
a breaking up of the frigid strea:ns of an
guish in the warm gulf-streams of consoln
tion. Oh ! the wonderful hydraulic apparatus
of the human eye! The tongtue is a clumsy
instrument comp-ared with it. It can twinkle
in an instant with merriment and the next
fire with indlign-uion. If the eye says one
thing and the lit.s another, you believe the
eye. Geo. Whitfield attracts a vast gather
ing, though his eyes are afflicted with sira
bisus Martin Luther turnedt his eve upon
his would-be-mnrderer and the assassin quail
ed and fied. The Emperot A.irian p-at out
the eve of:a servant thirpngh aeci:leut and as
expiaion for the injure,- he pr-offered vas t
sums of money, but the servatit, refusing,
sid, '-Oh! Emperor, I want nothing but may
lust eve." Al.as for those who have been
deprived of their sigh t.
Ask the man w-ho has not seen the light for
twenty years,. who wo-:?d like to sec once
more the face of a deaerly love'd one. A-k a
Barimeu< who has not seen a Christ. or a
man who was born blind :and is to die blind,
and yout will then be told its value. Sir Chas.
Bel, the ilritish surgeon, was inv-ited to write
an artie:c < at contributiont to the Bridge
wvater treatise anti heu wrote Ott the human
htnd, uni article that will last forever, and
et how mucht more valuatb?e the eye. Shall
Hersch-l not kno-v as mucht as his telescope
or Dr. Iktok r.s his chronome-ter?
"Hie that for.med the eye shalt he not see -'
Wonderful as is this part or the hnenan
organism, it is no,thing compared with the
all-sat cIhing. overpowe-ring eye of God. Alt
the stare of the heavens are asterisks. What
a stupendous thing to live; what a stupen
(Ions thing to die! An advoca.te took up two
lamps and ph.-citng it before the accnsed,
and placing him under its full glare-said.
"May It please the C"tmt and ge-ntlemen of
the Jry, behold the murtderer and the man
succumbed under the full light that blazed
upon him and confessed his guilt. . If you
can see the point of a needle, do you tnot
thtin k tha tGod p.ossesses that power. Don't
you rhink that God has as good an eyesigh t.
Do you -u:>pose then there is any shaade or
phase of human life that God heas nor gather
ed up? Af:er this recitation of an epitaph
to be found somewhere itn Europe the speaker
closed, expres<ing his idea of its beauty,
'Here reposes in God. Katrinta, a saint, 85
years of age and blind. The light was
rstored to her Mar 10. 184-." After sin:ting
by a quartette of male voices, music by
arches tra, then betnediction. It wae a big
show, and there was a big crowd.
W. E. P.
.FoR THE HERALD.
Yearly Reuters and Movers
Should Stop to Think.
Yearly movitng is a source of much annoy
tace, inconiventience andi labor. For years
we have been struck with the tempr,oay dis
rganz-tion and set-back it give '-. -: cul
:trah in'terests. To white iad th e' . 'hen,
who find it a teceessity, "r tihe i, - - fo.
vils, to move at Christm:w, w-e
Hae your condition been mteria :3 nuao.-l
td in fifteen years, h;y thai- pr.actice? I)-. youi
aor daligenttly :taought the winch< and fro-ts
f winter. and the :trid- an:J sultrv daysa of'
mme? Ate yout economic and 'ho 'ot
lye sparingly on common fare? IF you feel
hr the-c condit:otns have been met, and
rour condition is notimproving, somcthinug
btormal is at work Industry atnd econom"
ated to be. and ought to be now, tbe saue
-ad to compCtenco.
L.t mue suggae anther ewn=rleen Mat
of you pay rents that are not rack rent, yet
have you never thought how much land
your rents for the last ten years would have
bought you? 'Tis better to cultivate twenty
acres of your own land without rents, than
thirty or forty for which you pay rents.
'Tis better that you buy a small tract of
land, build a cabin, plant an orchard. make
large compost heaps, drain well, plough deep,
be economic and industrious. Don't buy
much land. Twenty, thirty, forty or fifty
acres as you may be able to purchase. Im
prove and cultivate thoroughly and you will
have always a source of competence and of
pleasure. You will be incomparably a greater
benefactor of this and future ages than he
who ruins a thousand acres to buy a thou
sand acres more, or disrobes and mutilates
thousands of hills and valleys to erect a bank
or build a railroad. These institutions are
useful and progressive in their sphere, but a
virtuous, enlitbened cantented peasantry
cultivating their own enriched farms infinitely
more. These are the sob-strata-the mud
sills-on which lasting civil and political
prosperity must be erected. Ignorance, dis
sension, vice and misery brood and grow in
abnormal conditions, and they are abnormal
when lind<try and eco.tomv, diligence and
perseverance in the cultivation of tho soil go
We who have been accustorned to cultivate
large areas have never known nor appreciat
ed the capacities of one acre.
With no great time or trouble four acres
can be made to produce one hundred and
fifty bushels of oats. A like number of acres
can be made to produce sixty btshels of
wheat. Here then is food for a horse and good
bread for an ordinary family. If autumn is
not very dry enough, cratt-grass hay may be
gathered from this stubb:e to feed five cows.
Four acres of bottom, or land adapted to
corn will nearly any year, with proper culti
vation, produce eighty bushe( of corn.
Three acres of clover, potatoes, turnips and
barley will produce meat, milk and butter to
sell. One acre for garden will produce a sur
plus. Eight :cres in cotton can be made
to produce ei.ht !nines. which we will put at
$250. This will pay expen.es and leave
more or less deposit. By these figures we
hive sixteen acres to o e h,rse This could
be cultivated vi:b case and pleaure. The
conStant improvement going on in the land
with rich growing erc,ps, fat pigs and cows
he.v:ng distended udders, would lead no com
moo inspiration to effort. Fifteen or twenty
acres for fuel and timber would be sufeident.
Do you say we can't get this land? Have
you ever made an effort t Many will not sell
to you, yet there are many that will. Lands
are getting into the bands of the few and
the few are not to blame for it. You would
do the same had you the opportunity. It is
a spontaneous greed common to all mankind.
It may be folly in them to engross the soil,
it is wise in you to buy a home though ,it be
small. Their capital accumulates on them
and they hav, no emerpri?e in which to in
vest, so it is put into real es;ute; you make
no accumulation and never will until you get
a ba-is on which to operate-a kind of cen
tre around wbich you can deposit. Thi, is
no utopian plan, but one feasible and very
inviting. If you can not get a home of your
own here, go, go till you cross the continent
In the efort. ZERO.
of the universal success of
Brown's Iron Bitters is sim
ply this: It is the best Iron
preparation ever made; is
compounded on thoroughly
scientific, chemical and
medicinal principles, and
does just what is claimed for
it-no more and no less.
By thorough and rapid
assi:nilation with the blood,
it reaches every part of the
system, healing, purifying
and strengthening. Com
mencing at the foundation
it builds up and restores lost
health-in no other way can
lasting benefit be obtained,
7, Dearborn Ave., Chicago, Nov. 7.
I hr.vc been a great sufferer from
de' i.:in its worstform. Nearly
eve r.~ug I ate gave r.e distress,
and Icou:l eat but little. I have
tak!en the prescriptions of a dozen
physiciaris, but got no relief until I
t,.olc Erown's Irotn Bitters. I feel
acne of the old troubles, and am a
r.w r.an. I am getting much
stbonger, anid feel &rst-rate. I am
a -airoad engibeer, and now make
tomc in pras of yourwode
ful medicine. D. C. MacE.
BROWN'S IRON BrTERS
does not contain whiskey
or alcohol, and will not
blacken the teeth, or cause
headache and const-pation.
It will cure dyspepsia, indi
gestion, heartburn, sleep
lessness, dizziness, nervous
debility, weakness, &c.
Use only Brw's Iron Bitters made by
Brown Chemical Co., Baltimore. Cronsed
red lines and trade-mark on wrapper.
I will sell, on Satutrday, Mairchi, the
10th, 1883, (in Gravel Town), at the
late residence of Rev. Joseph Beden
baugh, deceased, all his personAal pro
perty, consisting of a mare and colt,
a one-horse wagon,, a buggy and lhar
ness, carpenter's tools, and household
and kitchen furniture, &c.
TERMs OF SALE-Cash.
And also a small lot of land situated
in Gravel Trownt.on salesday in April,
TERMS OF SALE-Made known on
day of sale.
F. P. CHAL MERS,
Admu'r, with will annex~ed.
Feb. 21, 1883, 8-3t
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERIRY.
IN COMMON PLEAS.
The State of Sotuth Carolina, Plaintiff,
vs. H. C. Moses and others, Defen
All persons interested in the funds
which came to the hands of H. C.
Moses, late clerk of this Court are
hereby requiired to render-and establish
before the undersigned their respective
demands oa or before the first day of
SILAS JOHNSTONE, Master.
Master's Office, Feb. 20, 1883, 8-10tt
All persons holding~ demands against
the estate of Philip Sl?igh, deceased, are
herby re.1uired to present the same,
attes ed as t he law requires, to the un
dersignt d or the'r atto:iey, Y. J. Pope,
-G. A. COUNTS, Sr.
W. G. METTS,
As Executors of the last will and
testament of Philip Sligh, deceased.
Newberry, S. C., Feb. 15, 8-3t.
Greenville nowbhas but one estab
lishment regularly devoted to gam
The 5:cac .C p n: d DR.
EULL'S COUCH SYRUP over
all other cough remediesis attested
by the immense popular demand
for that old established remedy.
For the Cure of Coughs, -Colds,
Hoarseness, Croup, Asthma, Bron
Consumption and for the relief of
consumptive persons in advanced
stages of the Disease. FnT Sale
Having bought out Mr. A. Koppel's
Saloon, Stock and Fixtures for cash,
and buying and selling for cash only
I am enabled to offer to the public
PURE and GOOD. LIQUORS,
for less money than any other house
and in all instances guarantee
All parties Indebted to A. Koppel
for Liquors, Cigars and Tobacco from
the first day of May, -1882, until this
day will find their accounts with me.
An immediate settlement is request
ed. Soliciting your kind patronage.
I am most respectfully,
Feb. 22, 8-3t
Important Notice !
Buying and selling for
I am enabled to offer to the public
IYPORTED AND AXERCAN
Wiles, liquors Brandies,
CIGARS, AND TOB CCO,
also the finest and be=t French
Brandies, the celebrated
BAKE R RYE
for family use, at prices which defy
PORTNER'S TIVOLI BEER
for family use, one dozen Pint Bottles
All orders will receive l.rompt atten
tion. With thanks for former patron
age to this house, I respee!f flly solicit
a continuance of the saume.
0. HLETTN ER,
Under Newberry Op,ra House.
Feb. 22, 8-3m
C. C. CHASE,
Newberry, S. C.
Roonme comufort:able a1 d u swly fur
Table well supplied w'tht he best the
Servants attentive to e: -rv want.
Permanent and transiest, boarders
Sati.sfaction guaranteed in, ever
Feb. 22, 8-tf
LUMBER FOR SALE,
The subscriber informs the public
that she has on hand a large lot of
sawed lumber, such as Poplar, Sweet
Gum, Ash, Oak, and Pine. which will
be sold low for cash. Oak and Furni
ture Lumber is all seasoned. Ap.ply to
Mas. THOS. M. PAYSINGER.
Feb. 22, 8-it
Notiee is hereby given that under
the Act of the Legislature incorporat
ing the Newberry Cotton Mills, sub
scriptions to the capital stock of said
corporation will be received by the un
dersigned, a committee of the corpora
tors thereof. The let will be found
at the National Bank of Newberry,
R. L. McCAUGHRIN,
.GEO. S. MOWER,
.J. N. MARTIN,
J. 0. PEOPLES.
B. H. CLINE,
Early Amber Sugar
Sumach or Red Top
Suigar Cane Seed,
Early Golden Dent
Grown in Newberry County. and
warranted pgyge and genuine.
New Crop Lucerne and
Red Clover Seed,
S. P. BOOZE R'S
Newberry, S. C., Feb. 14, 1883, 7-4t.
All persons holding demands against the
e'nau.e of Sarash Hartier Thomann, dee'd, esij
pre-ent them '.n or before thev tenth. day o'f
M'arch next to the. un.r.:rn--d or Ian. gar.
pesn indebte-l tsi said deeased wilt make.
pyment to .'aid parties on or before said
de. PRECIOUS Ed.EN T HOMAS,
Adin'x of S. H. Thomas.
Jan. 26, 5-kt.
A copy of the Great Industries of the
United States, a large *5 bodk, wili bej
given for two names to the RiLD., if1
accompanied by*4. Only two subseri
bers. Four dollars in subcpio,
Mw J U
Now is the time for those who deferred buying their. winter suppi t
greatest bargains ever offered in Newberry.
D. C.0 FLJ
the acknowledged Leader of Low PrLeS, OQers
for the remainder of the season in every departmeat. As the date for mock
drawing near, and wishing to have the remainder of his winter stock clesred
that time, they will be cleared out
to be replaced by'hia Spring Display which he intends to be tM4he :
exhibited in Newberry, or in th, up country. ing-in a posiion superior to.
many otbers to hecur,- bargains. by saving largely in buying for cas, thit .
alway be found the cheapec in the
DRY GOODS Y.UX. M_
o oll and examin., for yourselrea as soon as yq-t visit town, and be eon
truth of these a-sertion. before it i4 too lat., ai the pric-'s to which the
marked is a guarantee of their speedy remors'
COTTON IS LOW,
and it hehoovea the fitmer to be cautious and economical in his purcbases, a
whtre he cn get the moat goods for the least money.
BOOTS, SHOES, HATS and
the NEW STOJRE stands at the top of the wl:eeL
CLOAKS! CLOAKS-! CLOAKS !!
Ladies' t%lo"tks ar.- offered at a great sacrifiet. asaving of at least bo per een
D. C. FLYNN,
5 Molloho Row,, Next Door to Wright * J. W. Cpp.ec't.
KELLY &PRTL ta
Nov. 16-omos. 4-'
s. 734 and 7 6 y elds t j ee t , AcST
AWD DEALER IN -
.&achinery of all
Also Disaton's Circular Saws. Rubber and Leather Steam Pipe..
Steatn Gauges. Connections. Whistles. On Caps. Globe a
Valves, Governors, Wrenches. etc, together with every st#., oar'
Steam and Water Fittings.ltFindings,eec.
. GENEEAL AGEN IFOE
TALBOTT & SONS.
Talbott's Agricultural Engines (on wheels.) Portable Engnes ou ii d,
Engines. Tubular and Locomotive Boilers. Turbine Water Wherla=
and Wheat Mills. Saw Mills. Shafting, Palleys, Boxes.
Patent Spark Arresters.
Watertown Steam Engine e.
Watertown Agricultural Enges (on wheels.) Portable Engines
Engines (tor small build ) Vertica Engines. Station*$
and without ent off.) Return Tubular loilers (with two
Locomotive and Vertical Bolers. Saw MM, ete et..
C. & G. COOPER & C. .
Cooper's Self-Propelling (trantiou) Engines. Farm Agrteatnd s4*,
Portable En es (on skids.) SttonyEn I
Tubular Boilers. Corn and 'Vheat M -Poiablo tli (2th r-;
bolt attached.) Smut Machines. Dustless Wheat
aqd Oat and Wed Extractor. Saw Mills
J. W. CARDWELL & -z
Cartlwell Wheat Thresbers, Separators and Cleaners.
Hydraulic Cotton Presses. Norse Powers (tounted and d-a. P
Corn Shellers and FeeCuttr.
Johnston Harvester Compa
EMMERSON TALC 'T it
Reapers and Binders. Reapers and Mowers Coeibleed. Single BindaS rs 9~
'(owers Caltivators ad Grain Sowera.- '
FAIRBANKS &i 0C
Fairbanks' Standard Scales, all sizes and patterns. .Aamna05h
MANUFACTURER of the FOLLOWING
Neblett S Goodrich Improved IILCotton Gin. Raid's Pateut&
Press. (steam or water power ) Smith'sTumprovedUand PoWer
. Hay Press. Coitton Gin Feeder (Untton Condenssr - -
Neer VirginiaFees ' \mtter. .
Engiacs CoUon Gias. &c., reillred ln a workmaallk gmw -
Orders solieited n-l pr >mptly ex-eated. F.ir t rlier partiuar ulr
informtion, etc.. appty to
W. F. GA IL LA RD, A g't., for Newberry
Jan. 4. 1-ly.
- CHA RTESTON,. B. C.
5OLUBLE GUANO, high.y amnmoniated;~
DISSOLVED BONE, highest grade ;
ACID PHOSPHATE. for comp"- o
ASH ELEM ENT, made (a 'boot'. for 'oinan Girsin aM
GENUINE LEOPO.I)a[li LL K AINIT, tore
.the Mines i. (leron.t,v, uoad warranted a
GENUINE FLOATS, el highest grade, produc . of sh-.- [DIn atow izer;
SM.ALL GRAIN SPEOIFIO ;
- COTTlON AND CORINrIIMPGUND: -
GROUND lIUIF.D FIII ANi BLOD 00
(oR'-UNDI RAW B')NE;
N. S LAND if&TB
Special Formulas made to order. 00'lT( -
Special inducements for cash orders.
For terms, Illustrated Almanacs and card- *' s the "0-o
Dec 21. 5l-6m.
THE PACJIFIO GUANO 0~
. OFFER FOR ALE
SOLUBLE PACIFIC GUANO,
TlieGuanos ar fthe highest grade and ,- t -' . is -r r.ly to ofoucsomrfrthpa15 eain0 (i,Nrh't'
and elsoewhere will substantiate. 5
For terms, apply to A;;ents in the various '. , oa.
E. H. FROBE &5 00. gn~
Dec 4, 6-SmC HARLESTON, 3
$35.00 to $10.00 per Ten sar4ed en Fertilzs,
By Buying for Cash.
BAUGH'S "NEW PROCESS" DWSSOLIEBD ES
This is not a dissolved South Carolina Rock, but is an exeeflen&
made from GREEN ANTMA L BONES. Send for Circularsoin
Price $280 per 200 lbs., im meW lags of 200 lbs. on
On Cars or Boat at Works. Cash with order. Addressis lque
BA.UGH & SONS, Sole Manufturer*s,
-Philadelphia, fa..or Baltim.r. UM
Feb. 1.5, 7-1ia -
ATTENTION I POORPf
The undcersgned woee6gDy
"Plow Brand," thee ebgy
DI AMN SOLL B ON toe**'*
FROM TIE OEM TB U!
(3 U'A NO. Lf,Orro@1ai
MY STOCK OF-oA~~It
Is Full and Oonggete. db
I soUefit a call fromL my friends and f
guarnte- isa -i -