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TOMATO CULTURE WITH
SUNFLOWERS.! ,. 3
Instead of filling the hole ii
whicithe plant was set with soil
to be- worked in among the roots
with the-help of a copious water
ing; nays a correspondent of the
Coulkrg Gentleman, I dug out in
the early spring-time as many flat
turnips as we needed, and have
fled the cavity with earth, planted
two or three seeds in it, selecting
the best plant, when they were
'. two or three inches high, to remain,
and pulling out the others ; and
when it was time to set in the gar
den, placed the- turnip, with its
contents undisturbed, in a hole
deep enough to cover the turnip
two or three inches. Setting out
in this way, there is no- cutting
away of the roots, and need of lit
t1e water., as the plant has not been
in the least d'-urbed, especially if
aeccustomed to the air out-of-doors
for a week or two before being set
in the garden. I have started to
matoes so early that the plants
were in blossom several days be
fore 'sing set out, not being at all
checked or retarded in growth
thereby. Cucumbers, melons, etc.,
started in the same way, I have
had in bloom when set out, with
the same result. After being put
into the ground the turnip soon
decays, furnishing a little food for
the plant. If the turnips are to be
kept long in the house before set
ting .out, it will be well to put
them in boxes, filling the in
terstices with moss, sand or earth,
kept moist, as too long exposure to
the hot air of a warm room will
cause the turnips to wilt-the earth
in which must be kept moist,
whether the turnip is in or out of a
box. Instead of procuring, sharp
ening and setting stakes, and pull
ing and taking care of them at the
end of the season, I started sun
flower seeds- in the same way that
is described. To prevent too much
shade, cut off the leaves of the sun
flower as far above the tomato-plant
as isnecessary to give it all the air
and sunlight desirable. The Rus
sian sunflower, because of its very
tall growth, is the best for the pur
-pose. The sunflower makes the
best and most profitable stake, be
cause it is so easily obtained-no
loosening in the ground or break-'
ing of stakes when loaded with
fruit, and the seeds of the flower,
which are better than corn for
-' poultry, abundantly pay for all the
time and labor in caring for them.
The leaves of the sunflower will be
greedily eaten by cows or pigs, and
.are said to be better than green
corn fodder. The Russian sun
* fower also makes an excellent
bean pole, thouigh it is not neces
sary to star-t them sj early as for
tomatoes, as a growth of p foot
and a half by June 1 (bean plant
ing-time) is all that is needed.
DON'T WEIP A FRIGHTENED HosE.
-It seems to be a characteristic
failing of most coachmen to lay the
lash on a horse that exhibits fear
at an object in the street or beside
the road- Mr. Bergh, president of
* our society for the prevention of
cruelty to animals, says in the
organ of that society, what every
reasoning being ought to know'
and that is never to whip your
horse for becoming frightened at
any object by the roadside, for if
he sees a stump, a log, or a heap of
-- tan-bark in the road, and, while he
is eyeing it carefully, and about to
pass it, you strike him with the
whip; it is the log or stump, or the
Stan bark that is hurting him in his
way of reasoning, and the next time
he will be more frightened. Give
him time to smell all of these oh
kjects, and use the bridle to assist
.you in bringing him carefully to
those objects of fear-Scientiic
HoBsE PowB.-The economy in
horse-power obtained by using the
hardest and smoothest roads is
clearly shown. If one horse cani
just draw a load on a level over
iron rails, it will take one and two
thirds ~horses to draw it over
asphalt, tEe and one third over
the best Belgian, five over ordi
nary Belgian, seven over a good
cobblestone, thirteen over a bad
cobblestone, twenty over an ordic
nary earth road and forty over a
Cut hot bread or cake with a hot
kniae and it will not he clammy. t
THE ELEPHANT'S INTELI.
One evening, soon after m;
arrival in Eastern Asam, and whil
the five elephants were, as usual
being led opposite the bungalow
writes a traveler in India, I ob
served a young and lately-caugh
one, step up to a bamboo stakE
and quietly pull one of the stakes
up. Placing it under foot it brokE
a piece off the stake, and, aftei
lifting it to its mouth, threw i
away. It repeated this twice oz
thrice, and then drew anothez
stake and began again. Seeing
that the bamboo was old and dry
I asked the reason of this, and was
told to wait and see what it would
do. At last it seemed to get a
piece that suited, and holding it in
the trunk firmly, and stepping the
foreleg well forward, passed the
piece of bamboo under the arm pit,
so to speak, and began to scratch
with some force. My surprise
reached its climax when I saw a
large elephant leech fall to the
ground quite six inches long and as
thick as one's finger, and which
from its position could not be
easily detached without this scraper
or scratch, which was deliberately
made by the elephant. I subse
quently found that it was a com
mon occurrence. Leech-scrapers
are used by every elephant daily.
On another occasion, when travel
ing at a time of year when the
large flies are so tormenting to an
elephant, I noticed that the one 1
rode had no fan or whip to beat
them off with. The mahout, at my
order, slackened pace and allowed
her to go to the side of the road,
where for some moments, she
moved along, rummaging the smal
ler jungle on the bank.' At last
she came to acluster of young shoots
well branched, and, after feeling
among them, selecte l one, raised
her trunk, and stripped down the
stem, taking off all the lower
branches and leaving a fine bunch
on top. Shc deliberately cleaned
it down several times, and then,
laying hold at the lower end broke
off a beautiful switch about five
feet long, handle included. .With
this she kept the flies at bay as we
went along, la'pping them off on
each side every now and then. Say
what you- may, these are bonafide
implements each intelligently made
for a definite purpose.
NAMING A LAKE.
Years ago, it was discovered that
a certain lake which had long been
considered the head of the Missis
sippi, had no claim to that honor.
The explorers found a new and
smaller lake from which the great
river took its rise A discussion
arose as to what name would be
appropr-iate for it. The story is
that it was decided in this way.
'Let's make a new name by coin
ing a word,' said an old voyager.
'Some of you larned ones tell me
whbat is the Latin for- 'true?t'
'Veitas,' answered a scholar.
-Well, now, what is the Latin for
'Now write the two words to
gether by syllables.'
The scholar' wrote on a strip of
birch bark, 'ver i tas ca put.'
'Read it out.'
The five syllables were read.
'Now drop the first and last
syllables, and you'll have a good
name of this lake.' And 'Itasca' it
Never put a false construction on
a man's words ; it is a sort of
treachery. A sentence may some
times be twisted in many ways,
and to accuse a man of saying what
he.never intended to say, is a mean
way of.taking advantage.
If it wasn't for the belles a good
many young men would miss being
church members. .
Be courageous and noble minded ;
our own heart, and not other meiis
opinions of us, form our true
Purity, sincerity, obedience, and
elf surrender, these are the mar
ble steps that lead to the spiritual
We think our civilization near its
neridian, but we are on'y yet at
he cock crowing and the morning
The heart is a crystal palace;
mee broken, it can never be
A good place to get a fit-The
A DISORDERED LIVER
IS THE BANE
of the present generation. It is for th
cure Of this disea and Its attendanti
SICBCHBADACUE, ffiLIOUIBNBB, Dl
PBPSIA, COISTIPATII, PHLES, ete. te
TUTT'S PIl have gained a wrld-wid
i reputation. No ever bee
discovered that so ently on th
yifde O to e
Nervous System is Braced, the uami
Several yamsr I could not make halts crop a
account otlloue diseases and obi1s. I ws
aso Daed when I began the use
uThe result was marvelous
ad I have had uo further trouble.
emu"e the beuua to ae a atralDy, with
amt whfeh ae m feel wel .
1PaSee25 3sSurry St.,.N.Y
TUIT'S HAIR DYE,
GRaY Rai or Wmsas cban edt aG
aLcn by a single application of this DYa. It
Impt a na ea coo, a n sIsatanesy
Bof l by Drulst t o sent by express on reOne
Office, 88 Murray Street New Yort
Dr. TDT'l MANWAL of PaisbRe)
mmbe msaied >l onapp=teattoa.
May. 16, 1s-1y.
fend a rough sketch or
model of yor Invention to
WnM ,GEORG E LMON
Washington, D C., and a Prelminary
Examination will be made, without
charge, of all United States patents of the
some class of inventions and you will be advised
whether or not a patent can be obtained.
Ifyou are advibed thatyour inventio laIpatentable,
drawing required by the Go8rmet Thioi
able when application is made. When allowed,th
sttorney's fee (25) and the final Governmen fee
-0 spaable. An attorney whose fee nds on
hi sooess in obtaining a Patent will not avise you
thatyour invention i f patentable unles it reallye.
so I r as his best judgment can determine, hence,
you can rely on the ad ice given after a prelminary
e.amination is had.IDesln Patents and the
Registration or Labels, Trade-M r and
Be-Issues secured. Caveats prepared adfiled.
Applications in revivor of Rected, Abandoned,
or Forfeited Cases made. Iyou have undertaken
tosn yo r ow aebn sk,aa bhn-e case may lead to succew. Send me a
written request addred to the Commiuoner of
Patents that he recognize Gaonon E. LzMoN,iof
WSPRT ANBURG a yor Cto.,e S. tecs,.v
ntheitleof theinventionand aboutt hedate of
g yourapplication. An examination and report
tW cat iwll bemember, this office has been
Itoe1s oeat onsinceld,andereference an be
gvent acta laesi yar.sveycutyi h
U. S. Pamphlet relatngto Patents free upon requt.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Attorney at Law and Solicitor of' American
and Foreign Patents,
cle Fifteenth Street, WASHINGTON, D. C.
rention this paper.
SPARTANBnRG CO, S. Cn
Tile Proprietors of this Celebrated
Watering Place respectfully ailnounce
that it will be opened this Season on
the 1st of May under the sate man
agement as last year.
Per,mpon Pope.. . .3 D.,
cofled pers al price,iea
EsW.ABTerRY Son wilru.
connecdtiont eea rciepy
es pecial atteitiogen to thetraten-o
ingse of Weates,adhoieds
Reet M PSOiver PStoa,y, Er
tMaynd taeeou rop ind toers.
"SALUDA COP 0)
For sale byal D rit
Samp. o 2ope,I-ly.
Offi,, -Opea Hous.te,
-E s.B ER " Y, "
diaeb.8-fyFmls n Crncd
tCsoLUMeBwel, Kds, Blddr
Rectum, Livetr twomach,Eet Ear
t Wma eelanerousoesn les
IApril 2 e, 4- oney. e
1883. SPRING 1883.
OF NEW AND ELEGANT
GENTS' AND YOUTHS'
all of which were bought at lowest
prices for Cash. and therefore can be
sold at ROCK BOTTOM PRICES.
WRIGHT & J, W, CPPOCk
Will Not Be Undersold,
and they therefore cordially invite any
and every man who needs anything in
their line from a pair of
Shoes up to a Hat,
including Socks, Drawers, Under and
Oveishirts, Collars, Pants, Vests,
Coats, to call at their store in
to be convinced of what they say.
Call early and call late
All you may want relate,
Ask for Clothing, Hats or Shoes,
Or anything else you choose
And you shall have it from
WRIGHT & J. W. COPOCK.
Mar. 28, 13-tf
I Can Tell You Now to Be
Your Own Doctor !
If o have a bad taste in your month,
sallowness or yellow color of skin, feel de
spondent. stupid and drowsy, appetite un
steady, frequent headache or dizziness, you
are 'bilious." Nothing will arouse your
Liver to act on and strengthen up your sys
tem equal to
Or Liver and Kidney Cure.
DISPELS SICK HEADACHE.
OvERCOMEs MALARIAL BLOOD POISONING.
REGULATES THE STOMACH.
WILL REGULATE THE LIVER.
WILL REGULATE THE BOWELS.
THE LIVER AND KIDNEYS
Can be kept perfectly healthv in any cli
mate by taking an occasional dose of
SIMMONS' HEPATIC COMPOUND,
THE GREAT VEGETSBLE
UVER AND KIDNEY MEDICINE.
DOWIE & MOISE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
A- FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. .E
And in Newberry by Dr. S. F. FANT.
1DE DOllSAIS ABE COMNG
AND NOW IS THE TIME TO PRE
PARE FOR THEM.
FINEST VARIETY OF TROPICAL FRUIT IN
Fresh Oranges Every Week.
C. BART & CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Nov. 30), 41- m.
Important Notice !
Buying and selling for(
CAS H-ON LY
I am enabled to offer to the pubhlie
IXPORTED AND AJERTCAJ
ifines, liqUOrs Brandes,
CIGARS, AND TOBACCO,e
also the finest and best French p
Brandies, the celebrated
for family use, at prices which defy
PORTNER'S TIVOLI BEER
for family use, one dozen Pint Bottles
All orders will receive prompt atten- e
tion. With thanks for former patron
age to this house, I respectfully solicit
a continuance of the same.,
Under Newberry Opera House.
Feb. 22, 8-3m
Is made by
CUT AND MADE BY FIRSTL
Fits gaaranteed. A fine stock of
Bents Furnishing Goods,
Always on hand, ites
Write or when in city call on fI
F'h192tf COLUMBIA. 80
IICLTUE IMJIITfl N 1CIIllY
F. A. SCHUMPERT & CO.
are Agents and have for sale the following improved Agricultural Implements
Harvester and Binder,
Dropper and Mower,
G-lobe Cotton Planter,
SULKY AND WALKING PLO WS,
CHICAGO SCREW PULVERIZER, CANE MILLS AND EVAPORATORS
AND OTHEE IXPEOVED AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS.
If you want anything of this kind give us a call before purchasing elsewhere.
Warehouse for Machinery in the new building on corner Caldwell and Har
rington streets, below Christian & Smith's Livery Stables.
Mar. 5, 10-tf.
Nos. 734 and 736 Reynolds Street, AUGUSTA, GA.
COTTO FICTI AND COI M111NC T9
AND DEALER IN
Machinery of all Kinds,
Also Disston's Circular Saws. Rubber and Leather Belting. Steam Pipe. Water and
Steam Gauges. Connections. Whistles. Oil Caps. Pop, Globe and Check
Valves, Governors, Wrenches, etc., together with every article of
Steam and Water Fittings, Findings, etc.
GENERAL AGENT FOR
TALBOTT & SONS.
ralbott's Agricultural Engines (on wheels.) Portable Engines Con skids) Stationary
Engines. Tubular and Locomotive Boilers. Turbine Water Wheels. Corn
and Wheat Mills. Saw Mills. Shafting. Pulleys, Boxes, Hangers and
Patent Spark Arresters.
Watertown Steam Engine Co.
Watertown Agricultural Engines (on wheels.) Portable Engines (on skids.) Dairy
Engines (for small buildings.) Vertical Engines. Stationary Engines (with
and without cut off.) Return Tubular Boilers (with two flues.)
Locomotive and Vertical Boilers. Saw Mills, etc., etc..
C. & G. COOPER & CO.
.ooper's Self-Propel ling (tra" tiou) Engines. Farm Agricultural Engines (on wheels.)
Portable Engitdes (on skids.) Stationary Engines. Locomotive and Return
Tubular Boiers. Corn and Wheat Mill. Portable Mill (with portable
bolt attached.) Smut Machines. Dustless Wheat Separators.
and Oat and Weed Extractor. Saw Mills
(double and single.)
J. W. CARD WELL & CO.
Jardwe Wea tesEhers, Sparr andeCleaners. "Ground Hog Tresher.'
Corn Shellers and Fee Cutters.
Johnston Harvester Company
EMMERSON, TALCOTT & CO..
Zeapers and Binders. Reaprs and Mowers Combined. Single Binders, Reapers,'and
FAIRBANKS & CO.
Fairbanks' Standard Scales, all sizes and patterns. Alarm Cash Drawers.
KANUFACTUR.ER of the FOLLOWING MACHINES.
Prebsst.G iria Ior watr pwer. Smth's Imprved Hand Power Ctton andcrw
Hay Press. Cotton Gi Feeder. Cotn Condenser.
Engines. Cotton Gins, &c., repaired in a workmanlike manner.
Ordr solicited and promptly exe~cuted. For further particulars, circulari, general
W. J. POLLARD.
W. F. GAILLARD, Ag't., for -Newberry
Jan. 4. 1-ly, *
The Crotwell Hotel,
A LARGE THREE STORY BRICK BUILDING.
)nly Hotel with Electric Bells in Newberry.
Only Hotel with Cistern Water.
ENTRAL OFFICE OF TELEPHONE EXCHANGE,
MRS. EMMA F. BLEASE,
N EWBERRY,_S. C.
This commodio>us and spacious Hotel is now open and fully prepared to entertain at
The Furniture of every description is New, and no effort will be spared to make all
~rsons patronizing the establishment at home.
The Rooms in this Hotel are spacious, well lighted, and the best ventilated of any
otel in the up country.
One of the Best Sample Rooms in the State.
All horses entrusted to our care will be well cared for at Christian & Smith's Stables.
BOARD BY THE 3MONTH, $30,00; WEEK, $10,00 ; DAY, $2.00.
LOWER RATES BY THE YEAR.
The Table shall be furnished with the very best. }Tov. 2, 44-ly.
EYHTTHE . STOKES. JOHN DORSEY.
TH BLACHLEY STOKES & DORSEY,
PUMP! BOOK BINDERS,
BUY ThE_BEST. ian Hook0 ManufactUrers,
.TRIPLE ENAMEL -AND
PORCELAIN-LINED PA PE R R UL E RS,
SEAMLESS TUBE lain Sftee, Colmbi, iS C.
'COPPER-LINED oPOSITE OPER HOUSE.
PUMVIP Juy0,82 9t
or sle he estthe pulc C apital nt needed We
houe. n nae. ndgirl wat everywhereto work (or
C.C. LATCHLEY,Manuf'r, us. Now Is the time. You can workn
38MARKET S., Phlda. sare tme, orgv your whole tie tot, th
afar. 28, 1.3-6mi. nearly as well. No one can fai to mae en
pcople are always on the look, outfit and terms fre Money made fast
out for chances to increase their easily, and honorably. Address TRUE &
earnings, and in time become Co., Augusta ,Maine. 4--ly,
wealthy; thosA who do not im-:
ye thei opportniie remi inpover- ua not if is sweeping by go and
want many men, women, boys and gin HII mighty and sublime leave behn
~one can do the work properly frm th iour owntow coq$5 otfit free. No rik
time ordinr waes xpensive ou-.wl urnis yonerythaing oeManar
soae mo rapidy. You ca as e,and bosand girls mae getpay
needed sent free Addrs STI, toH.I(L e! OPotad
A Co., Portland, Maine. 47-17.
Dry Goods and .Wlimeery.
New and Seasonable G
. Are being received eve day. Our Sto
large and complete in all departments.
Spring and Summer Goods,
In full line will be offered at great Barg
March 2813 tf C. BOUKNIGHT, EX'R. &
Bay what you need in Dry Goods
and Millinery of
132 Main St., Columbia,. C.,
and save money.
Jan. 25, 4-6m , i}
HART & COMPANY,
SOLE ACENTS FOR
L ADOW DISC PULVRIZTNG HTA RROW,C
THOMAS SMOOTHING, THOMAS PULVERI2NG WARRO
THE AMERICAN BARBED FENCE WIRE,
-AGEVTS FOB- G
Genuine Farmzers' Fr lend and Avery kw .
STEEL BULL TONGUES,. SCOOTERS, TWI922BS, SHOV0 4',RI
BOLTS, GRASS RODS. SINGLETREES, TIN WARE, WOOD *
HOUSEKEEPING GOODS, CARPENTERS', COOPERS', MACHhJ
IST'S' and BLACKSMITHS' TOOLS.
. -A FINE ASSOETMENT OF
ENGLISH, AXERICAN AND GERIAN
MUZZLE AND BREECH LOADING GITI
--STATE AGENTS FO
KEMP'S MANURE AND COTTON SEEDSPE
_ ~MANURE SER
Th rata l.a..11 a.wrseu wm
SPREADER WHILE. DRLLNGITALCMomann
OUBLE GUANO he igy ammoniated;s
DISSTLVE COE, 'ges grd ; hreto,.O
ASH ELEMENT, made .,f Floats, for Cotton, Grainand Pess;
GENUINE LEOPOLD8H ALL KAINIT, imported direct from
the Mine. in Germany, and warranted pure;
3ENUINE FLOATS, of highest grade, prodoct of the Due Atomizer;
SMALL GRAIN SPECIFIOC;
COTTON AND CORN COMPOUND;
GROUND DRIED FISH AND BLOOD ;
GROUND RAW BONE;
N. S. LAND PLASTER;
Special Formulas made to order. COTTON SEED MEAL.
Special inducements for cash orders.
For terms, Illustrated Almanacs and cards address the Go.
Dec. 21, 51-6m.
a.) ceasee~ses. -
WVatches, aecks, Jewvelryt.
At thelNew Store on Hotel Lot. ~ .TR
I have now on hand a large and elegant C R IL
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
Silver and Plated Ware, j '~
[OLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS,
SPECTAcLES AND SPECTACLE CABC, mudap
WEDOING AND BIRTHDAY PRESENTS,
IN ENDr.ESS VamREY. MURUICCD
All orders by mail promptly attended to. ,j~thre 3
Katekmaking and ISepairing
Done Cheaply and with Dispatch. Nc s.~ ..prbls
Call and examine my stock and prices.
Nov. 1T1.A 1. tL