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For farmers' sons, even of the
hard-working classes, still other
opportunities are possible, which
could not escape the notice of the
prudent German. Various Winter
Schools have accordingly been es
tablished by the several agricultu
ral societies, to be kept open from
November to February inclusive.
In 1872-'3 there were eleven of
these schools, and others were pro
jected. The organization varies
according to local needs, and the
means at three winters. Besides
the common school branches (in
eluding religion), instruction is
given in the elements of natural
science, field culture, the raising of
animals, book-keeping and farm
management ; also, where it is pos
n: sible, in drawing, field-measure
ments, drainage, soils, tools and
fruit culture. At Wurzburg, where
there is a force of eleven teachers,
agricultural law, geography and
history have been included. It is
remarkable, to see the liberality
of both the State and the agricul
tural, societies in providing such
schools, as contrasted with the
apparent indifference of the great
mass of laboring farmers. The
fees for tuition are not high, and
the necessary living expenses are
made as low as possible, that none:
may be excluded from want of
means. ~Some idea of tht, appro
priations of money required may
be realized from the report of
1860-'9, that in the seven Winter
Schools then established 53 teach
ers instructed 157 pupils ! Each
teacher, however, is generally em
ployed but a:few hours every week
to give instruction in own depart
ment. Besides the teachers' sal
aries, buildings, fuel and incidental
expenses, Bavaria, liberally fur
nishes these schools with wall
charts, collections of minerals, soils,
agricultural products, &c., models
of machinery, of tools and of flow
ers, chemical and physical appa
ratus, and various other means of
instruction. The next class to be con
sidered are the "Ackerbaurichulenl,"
or Field-Culture Schools. In these,
practical farm work is made one of
* the means of instruction ; the course
extends through two or three
years. The theoretical instruction
is somewhat similar to that of the
-- Winter Schools, and is so far of an
elementary character that boys
* who have passed successfully
through the "people's schools" are
capable of understanding it. The
-practical farm work and instruction
tural conditions. The "Midd
Agricultural School" at Lichten
hof stands on a rather higher
platform in the series than any of
the preceding, for the course of
study extends through three years,
* beside a one-year preparatory
course. Theoretical.studies can be
pursued more thoroughly than in
the "Field Culture Schools," but
practical farm work, unde 'e di
rection of teachers, also forms part
of the instruction ; and twelve to
twventy-five hours per week, ac
cording to the season and the
weather,, are assigned to this de
* partment through the whole
course.-Prof. 1R. B. Warder, in
The Journal of the American A gri
cultural -Association for October.
A WORD FOR THE ORow.-Don't
kill the crows. It is only within a
few years that speakers at the va
rious meetings had the courage to
say a word for the crow, but now it
is admitted that his character is not
so uniformly black as his plumage.
In Northern gardens, the white
grub is, on the whole, the most in
jurious insect, when we consider
the great variety of plants it at
tacks,' ranging from grass to nur
sery, trees, and that its work, be
ing beneath the surface, is not sus
pected until the. injury is done.
The crow has a keenness of sense
that allows him to detect the un
seen presence of the white-grub,
and a fondness for a fat mnorsel
that induces him to capture it.
A few years ago, we had a chance
to watch the operations of an as
semnblage of crows on a grub
infested lawn. Their skill in find
ing and dislodging the grub should
have been witnesqed by all op
ponents of the caow.-American
A GOOD PROVIDER.I
We sometimes hear a husband
spoken of in an admiring way ai
being "a good provider." And
pray why should he be called gene
rous any more than the member of
any other firm when he keeps the
books, receipts the bills and divides
the money? In case of the farming
business, the share of the wife is sc
direct and unmistakable that it can
hardly be evaded. If anything is
earned by the farm, she does hei
distinct and important share of the
earnings. But it is not necessary
that she should do even that te
snake her, by all the rules of justice,
an equal partner, entitled to hex
full share of the financial proceeds.
Married people generally divide la
bor equally ; the, woman bear chil
dren ; the man provides for them.
Her task on the average is as hard
as his ; nay, a portion of it is so
especially hard that it is distin
guished from all others by the
name of "labor." If it does not
earn money it is because it is not to
be measured in money while it ex
ists-nor replaced by money if
lost. If a business man loses his
partner he can obtain another ; and
a man, no doubt, may take a second
wife, but he cannot procure for his
children a second mother. Indeed,
it is a palpable ins Alt to the whole
relation of husband and wife when
one compares it, even in a
financial light, to that of business
partne:s. Yet she enjoys none of
the privileges of a member of the
firm. The money made is not
divided between the pair ; the fe
male partner must ask for her pit
tance. One of the very best wives
and mothers I have ever known,
whose husband was of a most gen
erous disposition and denied hex
nothing, once said to me that when.
ever her daughters should be mar
ried she should stipulate in theix
behalf with. their husbands for a
regular sum of money to be paid
them at certain intervals for theii
expenditures. "I suppose no man,
she said, "can possibly understand
how a sensitive woman shrinks froir
asking for money. If I can pre
vent it my daughters shall nevei
have to ask for it. If they do thei
duty as wives and mothers they
have a right to their share of thE
joint income within reasonable lim
its; for certainly no money could
buy the services they render."
THE Kin FAmER.-A man weni
to a doctor and told him:
"Doctor there is something the
matter with my brain. After an3
severe mental exertion I have head
ache. What is the remedy foi
"The best remedy is to get your
self elected to the L.egislatmie
where you wi'l have no occasion tc
The patient replied if it wasn'I
for the sake of his children h<
would make the exeperiment. He
didn't want them to go througi
life with a stigma attached to theil
A Bostonian was knocked down
in a friendly boxing bout, and hiE
head struck the floor with a fata:
result. A Texan's brain suffered
such a concussion from a hard blo'u
in a sparring exhibition that h(
died next day. A Kansas fightex
undertook on a wager, to prevent s
traveling pugilist from knockina
him out in four rounds ; and, thougi:
soft gloves were used, he received s
finishing stroke in the neck. HE
apparently recovered in a few
hours, but soon went into a decline.
and was dead at the end of a
month.--N. Y. Sun.
A Chicago paper says that s
printer in that city has been cured
by prayer. It does not say whal
the printer was cured of. If he
was cured of extracting the word
in a paragraph on which a joke
hinges, and substituting a word oj
his own "to make. sense," as he
puts it, we will Indorse the prayex
cure, and give it a five inch electrc
ad. free, one year, top column,
next to reading matter. All omis
sions ar.d wrong insertions to be
made good at end of contract.
When the washerwomman calls
for a young man's linen, does thai
make her a shirt caller?i Neckat.
The best description we have
ever heard of a slow man was that
he was too slow to get out of his
In union there is strength. "Poor
Tom's a cold," but Tom and Jerry's
The garment of a ghost must be
a sirit 'rappnr
II _ |
IN EVERY FORM
BILL HEADS, LETTER
HEiDS, NOTE HEADS,
PAPIS and CABS ON HAD.
Call at the HERALD Office.
fend a rough sketch or
model of Your Invention to
L GEORE E. LEMON,
Washington, D. C., and a Preliminary
Examination will be made, without
P chargei of all United Stales patents ofl tbeadie
same dlass ofi iaieton n ouwileadsd
whether or not a paient can beyobtained.
Ifjou areadised thatyourInventionlisptentable,
send20, to pay Government fee of 815 and $5 for
drawings required by the Government. This is pay
able when .licaton is made. When allowed.
attorney'. ffee ($l5) and the final Government fee
Sotain Patent will notadvise you
your Invention is patentable unless it really is,
so-Mr as. his best judgment can determine, hence,
you can rey on thed ienC after a preliminary
examination is had. Dlesig Patents and the
Registration of Labels, Trade-Mar and
Re-issues secured. Caveats prepared and filed.
Applications In revivor of Rejected, Abandoned,
or Farfeited Cases made. If you have undertaken
to eecure gour own patent and failed. a skillfulI hand
otecaemay lead to success. Send me a
t addressed G the Commissioner of
Patents that he recognize Groaoe . LExx, of
Washington, D. C., as your attorney in the case, gi
ing the title of the invention and ab,out the date of
niling your application. An examination and report
sotll oort you .Remember, this office has been
iventulo clients nalmost every county lathe
U.S. Pamphlet relatingto Patents free uponrequest.
GEORGE E. LEMON,
Attorney at law and Solicitor of American
and Foreign Patents,
15 Fifteenth Street, WASHINGTON, D. C.
Mention this paper.
SPARTANBURG CO., S. C.
The Proprietors of this Celebrated
Watering Place respectfully announce
that it will be opened this season on
the 1st of May under the same man
agement as last year.
TERMS OF BOARD.
Per day. .......... $ 2 00
Per week. .......... 12 00
Per month.......... 30 00
Children under ten years of age and
colored servants, half price. Liberal
reductions for large families.
Messrs. A. Tanner & Son, will run a
daily Stage Line from Spartanburg
and Glenns, making the best rail road
B& Special attention given to ship
ping of Water.
SIMPSON & SIMPSON,
-May 3, ti. Proprietors.
NE1VBRRY, . 00
especial attentin totetramn of
esse of al kid*nldn 0iesso
Rectmpsoner Stomac, Eye Er,
NolYeIand hot ofD theRNeroys
ICorrespondt ener1 licted. a~
especil aten, o t1te-1etmnto
A' Respirabteory n and uar Sin
Peparedo b the ldadney,adr
Cumn, Nivery, So.hE Ea.r,
50e. and bottlerosSr.an les
April 2, 14-l.
"StrecetAtento comouness." n
falibl remed-y o rop
Peae byi te ld Mdcn
Coay, MeBI, S. C.Prc
orser brmy atndedgit.
April 1, 15-G.
NTGGAN &PATRE T ,
ito n procrinL atet,
e WB, EarkRC, San ks
"trinul Antetions t sinaetsf."
Nodes 2 , 4 A P ACY-ltntAt'y
64FStWashengtMn, Dt.C , hi -tf.~.
Met lsirueasatn e, oudorinjry
Fe s pues, ap10. ut,Bc
Pauy. DOtischarges for De
A"Cdni's inuE4 i,eOF ,as
DR. E E JA SN , 1 -f
1883. SPRING 1883.
OF NEW AND ELEGANT
GENTS' AND YOUTHS'
all of which were bought at lowest
prices for Cash, and therefore can be
sold at ROCK BOTTOM PRICES.
WRIGHT & J, W, COPPOCK
Will Not Be Undersold,
and they therefore cordially invite any
and every man who needs anything in
their line from a pair of
Shoes up to a Hat,
including Socks, Drawers. Under and
Overshirts, Collars, Pants, Vests,
Coats, to call at their store in
to be convinced of what they say.
Call early and call late
All you may want relate,
Ask for Clothing, Hats or Shoes,
Or anything else you choose
And you shall have it from
WRIGHT & J. W. COPPOCK.
Mar. 28, 13-tf
I Can Tell You How to Be
Your Own Doctor !
If you have a bad taste in your mouth,
sallowness or yellow color.of skin, feel de
spondent. stupid and drowsy, appetite un
steady, frequent headache or dizziness, you
are -bilious." Nothing will arouse your
Liver to act on and strengthen up your sys
tem equal to
Or Liver and Kidney Cure.
RELIEVES DIZZINESS .
DISPELS SICK HEADACHE.
OVERCOMES AALARu1L BLOOD POISONING.
REGULATES THE STOMACH. .
WILL REGULATE THE LIVER.
WILL REGULATE THE BOWELS.
THE LIVER AND KIDNEYS
Can be kept perfectly healthy in any cli
mate by taking an occasional dose of
SIMMONS' HEPATIC COMPOUND,
THE GREAT VEGETABLE
LIVER AND KIDNEY MEDICINE.
DOWIE & MOISE,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Ar FOR SALE EVERYWHERE. .
And in Newberry by Dr. S. F. FANT.
Nov. 2, 44-Iy.
IHEHOL.1DA S AIIE COMG
AND NOW IS THE TIME TO PRE
PARE FOR THEM.
FINEST VARIETY OF TROPICAL FRUIT IN
Fresh Oranges Every Week.
C. BART & CO.,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Important Notice !
Buying and( selling for
I am enabled to offer- Lo the public
IMPOETED AND AMERICAN
Wines, liquors Brandies,
CIGARS, AND TOBACCO,
also the fluest and best French
Brandies, the celebrated
for family use, at prices which defy
PORTNER'S TIVOLI BEER
for family use. one dozen Pint Bottles
All orders will receive prompt al en
tion. With thanks for former patron
age to this house, I respectfully solicit
a contiuunge of the same.
Under Newberry Oper-a House,
Feb. 22, 8-3m
Is made by
CUT AND MADE BY FIRST
Fits gaaranteed. A fine stock of
Gents Furnishing Goods,
Always oni hand.
Write or whuet ini city call pn
Feb12 tf COLUMiBIA.
F. A. SCHUMPERT & Co.,
are Agents and have for sale the following improved Agricultural Implements:
Harvester and Binder,
Dropper and Mower,
3-lobe Cotton Planter,
SULKY AND WALKING PLOWS,
CHICAGO SCREW PULVERIZER, CANE MILI.S AND EVAPORATORS
AND OTHER IMPROVED AGRICULTUEAL IMPLEMENTS.
If you want anything o* this kind give us a call before purchasing elsewhere.
Warehouse for Machinery in the new building on corner Caldwell and Har
rington streets, below Christian & Smith's Livery Stables.
W.. ~. POLLARD,
Nos. 734 and .736 Reynolds Street, AUGUSTA, GA.
COTTOIN FATORlAD COIIIION MIERIT,
AND DEALER IN
Machiiery of all Kinds,
Also Disston's Circular Saws. Rubber and Leather Beltn. Steam Pipe. Water and
Steam Gauges. Connections. Whistles. Oil Caps. Pop, Globe and Check
Valves, Governors, Wrenches. etc., together with every article of
Steam and Water Fittings. Findings, etc.
GENERAL AGENT FOR
TALBOTT & SONS.
Talbott's Agricultural Engines Con wheels.) Portable Engines (on skids) Stationary
Engines. Tubular and Locomotive Boilers. Turbine Water Wheels. Corn
and Wheat Mills. Saw Mills. Shafting, Pulleys, Boxes, Hangers and
Patent Spark Arresters.
Watertown Steam Engine Co.
Watertown Agricultural Engines (on wheels.) Portable Engines (on skids.) Dairy
Engines (tor small buildings.) Vertical Engines. Stationary Engines (with
and without cut off. Return Tubular Boilers (with two flues.)
Locomotive and Vertical Boilers. Saw Mills, etc., etc..
C. & G. COOPER & CO.
Cooper's Self-Propelling (traction) Engines. Farm Agricultural Engines (on wheels.)
Portable Engines (on skids.) Stationary Engines. Locomotive and Return
Tubular Boilers. Corn and Wheat Mi1. Portable Mill (with portable
bolt attached.) Smut Machines. Dustless Wheat Separators
and Oat and Weed Extractor. Saw Mills
(double and single.)
J. W. CARDWELL & CO.
Cardwe Weactos hreses Srtorse and Cleaners. Ground Hog" Treshers.
Corn Shellers and Feed Cuters
Johnston Harvester Company
EMMERSON, TAL.COTT & CO.
Reapers and Binders. Reapers andu Mv oes Cobied nSSingl Binders, Reapers,-and
FAIRBANKS &; CO.
Fairbanks' Standard Scales, all sizes and patterns. Alarm Cash Drawors.
MANUFACTUPRER of the FOLLOWING MACHINES.
Neblctt ( Godric Imroated pX eotto Gin. Reid's P.teand uomatrttowe anScre w
Hay Press. Cotto Gin Feeder. Ctt n Condenser.
Engines. Cotton Gins. &c., repaired in a workmanlike manner.
Orders solicited and promptly executed. For further particulars, circulari, general
in ormatien, etc., apply to
We J. POLLARD.
W. F. GAILLARD, Ag't., for Newberry
The Crotwell Hotel,
A LARGE THREE STORY BhICK. BUILDING.
Only Hotel with Electric Bells in Newberry.
Only Hotel with Cistern Water.
CENTRAL OFFICE OF TELEPHONE EXCHANGE,
MRS. EMMA F. BLEASE,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
This commodious and spacious Hotel is now open and fully prepared to entertain at
co The Furnituc of every description is Egw, anc no effort will be spared to make all
persons patronizing the establishment at home.
The Rooms in this Hotel are spacious, we!! lighted, and the beit ventilated of any
Hotel in the up country.
One of the Best Sample Rooms in the State.
All horses entrusted to our care will be well cared for at Christian & Smith's Stables.
BOARD BY THE MIONTH, 830,00; WEEK, $10,00 ; DAY, $2.00.
LOWER RATES BY THE YEAR.
The Table shall be furnished with the very beat. Nov. 2, 44-1y.
E. B. sTOKEs. JOHN DORSEY.
T H BL AT CBHLEY STOKES & DOR8EY,
BUY .3.D!E Iank Bcet Manuf turers,
S PORCELAIN-UINED PA P? E R R U L E R s,
SEAMLESS TUBE MaSi 9t,Cloba S C
.COPPER-LINED OPOST OPERA HOUSE.
PUiiM P ul2, S.2-tf
bujlgifro GoOd. E the ubi.Capital not ned We
)ieae i he rae, and girl wantd everywhere to work fbr
C. C. L A TCH LEY,Manuf'r, us. Now is the time. You can work in
308 MARKE STrE bula'a sae tim. r give your whole time to the
Ms-. -nearly as well. o one canihiPtoma een
Mar. 28, 136m-i ormous pay, by engs4d at oiice." Costl
a ndc timne 47-g I
wealthy; thos" who do not iut
prove thei uppotnitie remaini pover.n m not lf s sweeping by goad
owork for us righ in their own localities. lIH.t onquerbtime6 eavee In
fis start. Thel bsines wil pay more than Evrytn new Capia t eu rd.W
it urnishd fre.ages.ne who e makn gfornes Ladie make as uch a
oteu whole time to the work or only Reader.I yuywsn uines mat whc yo
momnt. ul ifrto and can mak geat pay alte time w rito
Dry Go.ds and
New and Seasonable
Are being received eve day. Our
large and complete in all department.
Spring and Summer Goods
In full line will be offered at great
March 28 13 tf C. BOUKNIGHT, EX'B. &
COLUMBIA 8 -~
Buy what you need in Dry Goods
and Millinery of
W. J. Yoliung,
132 Main St., Columbia, S. C.,
and save money.
Jan. 25, 4-6m
HART & COMPAN7
SOL.E ACENTS FOR.
L ADOW DISC PULVE RIZING H ARBOZ
THOMAS SMOOTHING, THOMAS PULVERIZZ&G HA1ROR , .
j.. NE HARROW,
THE AMERICAN BARBED FENCE WIRE,
' BUFFALO STANDARD 0A
Genuine Farmers' .Friend.and Avery Pi0i
--FOR SAL-- w
STEEL BULL TONGUES, SCOOTERS, TWISTER&S, HOVL~
BOLTS, GR ASS RODS, SINGLETREES, TIN WA RAE WOODJrR
HOUSEKEEPING GOODS, CARPENTERS', COOPERS', MACB1
ISTS' anzd BLACKSMITHS TOOL&
--A FINE AS8OETMENT OF
ENGLISH, AMEBICAN AND GBRAJ
MUZZLE AND BREECH LOADING~
--STATE AGENTS FO
KEMP'S MANURE AND COTTON SEED PB
maa ic the ite. .
dadn af the 3m. --iRhnC 5iW
athe ab.lrast n~.
HA T&0. - - * Chaeto~h
Nov. 2,m 231. -me~
HAR &CARLESTON, Chres.~ ~
SOLUBLE GUANO, highly ammoniated;
DISSOLVED BONE, highest grade ;
ACID PHOSPH ATE, for composting ;
ASH ELE~MENT, made of Floats, for Cotton, Grain and Pias;
QNINE LEQPOLDSH ALL K AINIT, imported direct fres?
- ' e MIines in -Germany, asd yvarranted 'pure;
GENUINE FLOATS, of highest grae, produ;t of the Dup Atpmjzer;i '
SMALL GRA4N SPSGIFIC ;
COTTON AND CORN COMPOUND;
GROUND DRIED FISH AND BLOOD i .
GROUND RAW BONE;
* .S LAND PLASTER;
Special -Formulas made to order. 00'DTON SEED MEAL
Special inducements for cash orders.
For terms, Illustrated Almanacs and cards address the Co.
Dc. 21, 51-6m.
Watches, Clocks, Jewvelry.
____ ____ ___-TRADE
WATfHR AN JEIBLII
At the New Store on Hotel Lot. %.5'RP N~g
I have now on hand a large and elegant C R iL
sortment of OWZEmdtoucm
ATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY,
Silver and Plated Ware,
'IOLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS,
SPECTACLES AND SPECTACLE CASES,
WEDDING AND BIBTUDAY URESEINTS. .
All orders by mail promptly attended to. ~
Watcmakng and Repairing
Done Cheaply ad with Dispatch.
Call and examine my stock and prices..EAlR00 L~
- - ~ #,.