Newspaper Page Text
?' SEPT?. '13 1888.
, devooty4an tae
s,a as an
p- BAC EDuATION.
j i James N. Lipscomb,
we highly em, is opposed
+ qublia education. We are
e has seen t to express
@weon the subject, for when
_ man makes a 'ery
in avor of any position,
t for granted that the other
et and right; and the fact
of his intelligence and sa
aa- found so little to say
-bBeKeducation, must con
liny who know him, that
- e can reasonably besaid
O it.. Heflnds fanltwith pub
be asays .he, ourJ
school svem a introduced
aso nt1tcoin mnonarchical
derefore has a
tendency. Now there's
in-that. We say there's
in, it, not that we are
to seanything in it, but be
-is tieoimioof a gentle
abQa And, folowing
- i we HIi of ar we must
importation of Jersey
-this country-since the
the ground that it will,
eeed, have a- tendency to
the borders of our own
' to the narrow limits of
end of - rsey, from which
. seattle are brought !
While we feel that the opposition
Sur p blic free school system is
strong enough to affect it seri
ouily, we wish to put ourselves on
itcord as being:in its favor ; and
hA wish, too, to answer in a very
Splain way these very plain ques
t ioiis: fIlsit right that the .property
- -othe rich an should be taxed to
Weate the- children of the poor
inan?" and "Is our public free school
system a farce ?"
1ma'answer to the first qjuestion
'Kwezight say that the idea:ofself-gov
eramnent pre-supposes intelligence
- -tsthe framers of the Constitu
lion contemplated a government by
sa .intelligent people-and that
gipqJr education is demanded as
being essential to a wise exercise
ofthe rights of citizenship and to
be reservation and prosperity of a
regabili; but argument of that kind
hAas been found inadequate, to satis
Sy'the man who pays-taxes. Then
w- ie must turn elsewhere for an an
s7-wer. The old Romnans refused to
le poor men serve in the army,
-because they believed that the man
-without property was also without
satriotis'm-that he had nothing to
- g-.i- fer and would, therefore, make
a poot -soldier. We have happily
~ earned better, and when the toc
al of war is sounded, without dis
iXhetion of birth or property, we
?buckle on our cartrndge-boxes, shoul
d4er our muskets, and stand elbow to
' elbow -in defense of liberty and
Sproperty. Our battle-fields are fer
- dK t with the blood of poor men
Smen who owned no property them
selves but died willingly in defense
Sotthe country, and in defending the
~ rprty 6f their wealthy neighbors.
Ifts right -that poor men should
Ssed their blood to repel an invad
n~lg army and prevent the destruc
id of' property in which they have
i o interest, is it wrong thamen of
property should pay a small tax to
educate the poor mans child--to
~Zdrive out the greatest of' all public
-enemies, Ignorance, whose strong
-.hold is among the poor ? Viewed in
& tis light, or any other light what
Sever, public education -is right-not
Sonlyzight but just.
2. But we are told that our public
fee school system has broken down
~-the private schools of the country ;
tha it does not supply their places
aud ise. therefore, a farce. The sys
v' emn-ertainly is not perfect, and its
Sfriends do not claim perfection for
mt; but it is the best for which we
are yrepared, and it is improving.
After all, the system itself is much
bgter than its critics ; and human
~>asture is what needs refoiming.
~ qgars have been known to find
'fault with the graee of charity be
sause those who give do not give
nore freely, even when -they do the
best they can ; and free democratic
aitjesas, while receiving the benefits
Sftha public school fund, have cen
urdthe State for giving at all
wh n i ms give so saringly. If
w8 rpse the.. of the begi
ga,w ut not ezpe t
applaud that of the demo(tio;
citizen. Ifthe priv oleave
been injured, it2tl t of the
people-it is because hey are not
disposed to help the State while the
State is helping them. Try an il
lustration. Those farmers who are
in the habit of "'slopping their lios"
every morning, have doubtless ob
served that when the slop is- ex
hausted, -some of the hogs will
"range" off and act on the principle
ot "root hg-br die," while others
will lie. about- the awil4rough the
live-long.day, waiting audgrunting
for more slop. Just so, when the
public school fund is exhausted, cer
tain neighborhoods supplement it
and keep their schools open-to
them it is a blessing ; but other
neighborhcods, that are disposed to
wait for more public "pap," close
their schools and curse the State,
and prate about the inefficency of
the public school system. The il
lustration is not elegant, but it en
forces our point-and those who
have -the taste to see its inelegance
will have the judgment to appreci
ate its application. The system is
a farce to nobody but those who
use it in a farcical way.
We are told that the farmers un
derrate thoir successes and magnify
their reverses-that they are given
to complaining and making false
crop reports. Our observation is
that the farmers, as a class, are the
most patient, laborious and cheer
Jul of~ men. They say that they
will not make more than half an
average crop, and, in our judgment,
the facts bear them out in their opin
ion ; butthere are other men whom
it suits to treat these unfavorable
crop reports with incredulity. These
men, by some mysterious process
unknown to ordinary mortals, suc
ceed in "figuring" the yield up to
two thirds of an average, crop, and
they succeed at the same time in
"figuring", the farmers down. as
chronic grumblers. It is just to
the farmers that this matter should
be seen as it is-for Heaven knows
that it is bad enough. One of the
largest farmers in our county said
to us-a,few- days ago, "The crops
are gone. There's no grass-no tur
nips-no peas-no potatoes-no
gardens-nuos mnothing. And it is
too .dry to plow."'- While this may
be slightly exaggerated, it gives an
idea of the disastrous effect of the
drouth upon the farming interest's of
But there is anothler matter that
indicates a gloomy prospect. Last
year cotton-pickers got from sixty
to seventy-five cents, and many of
our farmers could not get sufficient
labor, at these .prices ; now cotton
pickers are getting from thirty to
forty cents, and there is a great deal
of labor floating about the country,
unable to find employment at these
prices. If the outlook is gloomy
for the landowners, it must be ap
palling to the unfortunate laborers.
And the best that we can do is to
husband our resources, and-do the
best we can.
A NORT'H CAROINA COURT.
HENDERSoNV.LLE, N. C., August
31.-Court.has been in session here
the last two weeks, and I have
several times dropped in to see how
justice is dispensed in the old North
State. I am struck with the differ
ence apparent in the Court here
from that of our own State. The
Judge wears no gown or any out
ward insignia of office, and appears
only as a common citizen, seated
for'the time being on the bench.
The lawyers sit in a soi-t of huddle
before him, gathered around one
common large table instead of be
ing strung out in an orderly group
behind a line, of small tables just
inside the bar, as with us. They
retain their seats while examining
witnesses, and do not stand up
even when addressing the Judge.
They seem to be very "democratic"
in dress and. manners, too. I ob
se,rved one en a hot day sauntering
about within the bar in a long linen
duster. I saw, also, some one come
into the Court-room and beckon to
hin, the lawyer who was conducting
the defence in a case while the so
licitor was examining a witness on
the stand ; and telling the solicitor
that he would be back in a few mo
ments, he. walked out with his
friend, and the whole Qojurt stopped
short, without explanation or apolo
gy, and waited some five or ten
minutes until he returned ! The
jury also. exhibited the same "free
and easy" appearance, some sitting
with there coats off, and all looking
as if Court was a mighty common
place- affair. And this easy-going
manner seemed to pervade the whole
Court. I do not say that in the
trial of offenders or the enforcement
of the law they are any less thorough
and efficient here than in South
Carolina. But the absence of much
of that dignity and propriety which
chars urerize the Courts in 'our State
is very apparent, and one familiar
with their customs in South Carolina
can fhardly faiI to be impressed
with the difference. so. ca.
Dr. J. P. Newman, Toccoa, -City
Ga., says: "Brown's Iron Bitters
are very popular and their use al
ways results satisfactorily."
THE B ON EXH iiION.
Bosxo,tSeptmber 5-.he open
ing of theAm6rican E osition of
the ManfEturers' and Mechazics'
iitute 1iok place to.day. The
e eisessaere heId inthe 'hll at
the north end of the building ii the
presence bf a large number of in
vited guests. It was 12:15 o'clock
before the .Governor (Ben Butler)
entered. upon the platform, followed
by - his staff and the guests of the
occasion. Among the party were
Secretary Chandler, Lieutenant
Governor Ames, and representatives
of foreign governments. The exer.
cises began. with a prayer by the
Rev. Edward Everett Hale, D. D.
John- M. Little, in a few words,
presented as presiding officer his
Excellency Governor Butler, who
delivered the opening address. This
was followed by speeches from Sec
retary Chandler, Judge Symmes of
Denver, Governor Jarvis of North
Carolina, Julia Ward Howe and
others, and an oration by Gen.
Francis A. Walker. Governor
Jarvis, in responding for the South
to Governor Butler's welcome, said
he came not to shake hands over
the bloody chasm, but to' clasp
hands with New England over the
growing prosperity of a united peo
ple. The differences which led to
the war bad been settled. When
the Southern people came back into
the Union they came pledged to
loyalty, but under the reconstruc
tion policy adopted by Congress
they found their State and county
governments in-the hands of per
sons who did not serve the interests
of sections in which they lived.
This was what made the South
solid, not hatred of the government,
but a desire for wise laws justly
administered. The development of
the South had been confined mostly
to the past ten years. In North
Carolina over twenty new cotton
factories had been erected, and
factories in wood and iron were in
creasing, and all over North Caro
lina to-day there was a spirit of
contentment. Our business and
public interests,' he said, require
that there shall be no more harsir
speaking of one sektion by another.
I bid you to join me in this senti
ment: "Our united country-to
thee .we cling."
Mayor Palmer was the last speak
er, and at the end of his remarks
the Governor formally declared the
Exposition open. The exhibits are
-far from being perfected. Much
space on the main floor is still va
cant, and many of the exhibits are
incomplete. North Carolina makes
the -largest exhibit of any single
State outside of Massachusetts.
News and Courier.
Special to the News and Courier.
CoLMBIA, September 6.-A sin
gular suit is under consideration at
Lexington. - -It was brought by D.
J. Griffth, administrator of the
estate of W. S. Hook, deceased,
against the Charlotte Road. Mir.
Hook some time since was killed
by a negro and his body placed on
the Charlotte Railroad track. Three
trains ran over the body. Suit is
brought to recover damages for in
juries done to the corpse. The
plaintiff charges negligence on the
part of the railroad in allowing such
mutilatio,and says there is property
in a dead body as well as in the
clothes 'it may wear. He is repre
sented by ex-Senator Meetze and
Gen. Youmans, and the railroad by
Rion & Barron. Argument was
had before a referee on Saturday.
H e has not yet,made his report.
The Winsboro' Netrs says the
referee to whom were referred the
issues of law and fact in the ease
of the State against ex-Treasurei
Julius Mills, of Chester, and his
bondsmen, has just filed his report.
The State claimed a deficit. of
$11,00 in tie treasurer's accounts.
The referee decided that Mr. Mills
fully accounted for all taxes col
lected and moneys received by him
as treasurer. His judgment, there
fore,- is that the complaint be dis
missed on the merits of the action,
and that the defendants have judg
ment against the plaintiffs for their
costs and disbursements. -The ref.
eree is Mr. J. E. McDonald, of
There are now about 610 patients
in the 'Lunatic Asylum. Ten were
received yesterday and to-day. If
the recent rate of increase con
tinues there will be 620 or 630 in
the institution by November 1,
against 550 on that date last year.
The pressure for room is becoming
serious. It is feared that patients
will have to be placed two in a
room, which 'is conisideredt a dan
INCENDI.ARISM IN LAURENS CouN
Y.-The Laurensville Heraldt of
the 7th inst.says: "There seems to'
be an organized band of incendiary
fiends in our county, and they are
applying the torch indiscriminately.
We hear of five incendiary fires in
one short week, and there may be
others not heard of. The first was
Robert Seibert's gin-house and con
tents, on the night of the 27th ult.,
mentioned last week;i loss atbout
five hundred dollars. Second, the
burning of-the gin-house of Edmund
Adair on last Friday night ; loss
between three and four hundred
dollars. Third, barn and stables of
Capt. J. B. Humbert -on last Satair
dy night, with a 'considerable
amount of cotton seed, wagons, ag
ricultural implements and other
property, amounting to a total loss
of one thousand dollars. Fourth,
the burning of the saw-mill and gin
house combined of Pat Madden on
the same night, loss probably five
hundred dollars. The fifth was the
setting fire to and attempt to burn
a stable on the premises of A. F.
Coleman, of this place, on ~last
Saturday night. Luckily the fi
was discovered in time to exti
it before any damage w done.
None of the above n parties
THE ESTIMATE OF THE NATION
specisto the sandaXews.
NEW OBEAxs, September 18.
The official statement of the cotton
crop of the United States for the
year ending August 31, 1883, issued
by the National Cotton Exchange,
shows a' total crop of 6,949,756
bales, including receipts at shipping
ports, 6,009,612 ; shipments by rail
routes overland to Northern spinners
direct from producters, 641,801.
The report shows that the Southern
mills consumed 313,393 bales, an
increase over last season of 26,439
bales. The increase in the total
crop, as compared with the previous
year, was 1,493,708 bales. The
takings.of the United States spin
ners for the year was 2,073,076
bales, an increase of 108,561.
C. H. PARKER, Secretary.
Nearly every man who has been
away from Newberry and returned
.is boasting of how many pounds he
gained. One gained kteen, hn
other six, and so on, in the course
of a few weeks. That's nothing.
We know a man who spent only one
day at a ..picnic in the country last
week, and gained in that short time
about two pounds, And what is
most remarkable he gained it all in
a very few minutes, between 12 and
1 o'clock.-Newberry Observer.
Your man "picked up" two pounds,
brother Observer-"picked up," not
"gained." We know a man who
"picks up" amazingly three times
daily, but never "gains" so much
as an ounce. See?
A great many people feel them
selves gradually failing. They don't
know just what is the matter but
they suffer from a combination of
indescribable aches and pains, which
each month seem to grow worse.
The only sure remedy known that
will counteract this feeling and re
store perfect health is Brown's Iron
Bitters. By rapid assimilation it
purifies the blood, drives out dis
ease, gives health and strength to
every portion reached by the cir
culatory system, renews wasted
tissues .and restores robust health
Col. Thomas W. Holloway, the
indefatigable and very efficient sec
retary of the State Agricultural and
Mechanical Society was in the city
yesterday in the interest of that
association.. Col. Holloway is quite
hopeful of the future of the society,
and has already received an appli
cation for the entry of a herd of ten
fine Jersey cattle at the next Fai-,
which will be held at Columbia in
November.-News and Courier, 7th..
We-are pleased to learn that Mr
Samuel W. Stockmam is rapidly
convalescing from a severe illness
under the skillful treatment of Dr.
D.M. Crosson, and will be able to
be out again in a day or so.
Dr. J. D. Bruce of Newberry, one
of the ablest Physicians in the State
was called in consultation in the
case. but he suggested no change
in the treatment.-GW>bert Hollowc
A gold idol weighing thirty-two
and one-half pounds was recently
excavated in Calistlahana state of
Mexico, by some Indians. The
idol was composed of a group of
figures, but it was broken up by the
Indians and divided equally.
Betsy Jones, colored, of Abbe
ville County, killed her infant child
last Friday. the .31st taking it by the
heels and beating its body and head
against whatever object might be
near her. She afterwards threw it
in a branch and stamped it, and
finally took it in her arms. She
has been sent to the~ Lunatic Asylum.
Ex -Congressman McLane, of
Maryland, says the Democrats of
that State will send a Bayard dee
gation 4to the National Convention,
also that Robert Lincoln is the only
Republican whom the Democrats'
will be afraid of next year.
A statue erected at Le Puy to
the memory of Lafayette. was un
veiled on the 6th instant...
A dry ticket has been nominated
at Union, with Maj, G, B, Steed
man at its head.
Frank James was acquitted.
L.W.C B!aee'v. Ge. .Wht
By virtue of an execution In the
above stated~ ease and of sundry other
executions to me directed. I will sell, at
Newberry Court House, on the first
Monday, (saleday) in October next.
at public outery, to the highest bidder
al that tract or plantation of land
situate lying and being in the County
of Newberry, and State aforesaid, con
taining One Hundred Aeres more or
less-bounded by lands of Mrs. Sallie
Gary, Mrs. Lizzie Albritton and
others. Levied on as the property of
Geo; W. Whitman.
Purchaser to pay for papers.
D. B. WHEELER, sa. ...
Se. 10, 1883. ept 10. 37.-.3t
NOW OPEN AT
COLUMBIA, S. C..
OF FALL AND
WINTER C L O T HIN G
For MEN, YOUTHS and DOTS.
One of the best selected stocks
that we have ever placed on oni
Are gotten up in 5 styles as fol
SACKS, ULSTERS, ULSTER
and the latest is the
and are made in all grades of goods.
The patent Flexible brim Silk Hat
that will fit any shaped head. - Also a
fine ine of Soft and Stiff Hats in all
Underwear, Shirts, Hosiery, Gloves.
Collars and Neckwear of all grades.
LADIES OF NEWBERRY,
OurBoys and Children's stock of Cloth
ing is the largest and most stylish that
we have placed on our Counters.
Suits and Overcoats of every descrip.
All orders addressed to my care will
receive prompt attention and if the
goods do not suit I will exchange. or
refund the money.
M. L. KINARD,
37-tf COLUMBIA, S. C.
THE COTTON PLANT
An 8 page 40 column Agricultural
Journal, the only paper in South Caro.
lina published exclusieely in the in
terest of the Farmer and1lannfacturer.
The best and cheapest Agricultural
paper in the South.
ONLY 60 CENTS A YEAR.
The official organ of the State
Endorsed by the leading citizens of
the State, and by the best farmers in
the State and the Aouth.
Send postal for specimen copies for
yourself and your neighbors.
Address, W. J. Mc CALL,.
Marion, S. C.
Sep. 12, 37-3t.
Come see the
II tAt the Herald Book
King 0Of The Singers
ABOVE IS THE EXA(;T REPRE
SENTATION OF THlE
WE SELL FOR
THE SINGER STILE OF
WHICH ARE BY FAR
THE MOST POPU
IN THE WORLD.
Finished in the best manner witi
the latest improvements for winding
the bobin: the most convenient styl4
of table. wvith extention leaf, larg4
drawers'and beautiful gothic cover,!i
stands without a rival.
THE KING OF SINGER
We do not ask you to pay for it n
til yen see what yen are bdying. W(
only wish to know that you want t<
buy a Sewing Machine and are willing
to pay $20 for te best in the market
Write to us sending the.name of yona
nearest railroad Station and we wil:
send the machine and give instructions
to allow youi to examine it before yot
pay for it.
WILLMARTH & CO.,
1826 North 20 St., Philadelphia, Pa
Sep. 5, 36- -3m.
JUST RECEIVED AT
FIERALI) 1100 STORE
'iUIlI A F41IlTi
.That Mothers have had no little
trouble in getting shoes suitable
for their Children in Newberry.
They have so often been compelled
to take the shoe they DID NOT
want for the shoe they' DID want.
that the time for buying their chil-1
dren shoes is thought of with dread.
TH1AT : H.lWN, l1A8
now in stock over 100 diferrent
Styles of Children Shoes is true
beyond a doubt; and if mothers
will visit our store they will be sure
to find just the shoe the children
are in need of. Zeigler's Fine Cus
tom made shoes for ladies, are the
best manufactured, for the simple
reason that nothing but the very
best material is used in making
them. What can be better than the
best? Hess' Hand made shoes for
gentlemen are perfect.
The Future which financially
looks so dark and gloomy now
brightens when the glorious an
nouncement is made that we have
8 1-3,10 IND 121-2
All interested are invited to attend
the grand Sale of Worsteds ! These
goods are honest, well made and
reliable in every way, and are even
greater bargains for 8k, 10 and
12} ets., per yard, than our beauti
ful lawns were for 5 cts., per yard.
Having rented the rooms above
our Emporium wherein to store our
magnificent Stock of Domestics,
which embraces every article in the
Domestic line, we are thereby en
abled to devote over one third of
our entire store to Worsted ! Does
this mean anything? It means a
stock so vast, that no former mer
chant ever dreai ted, much less
thought of bringing to Newberry;
so varied and beautiful that Every
One can find just the style of dress
they want; so cheap that EVEN
ONE DOLLAR ($1.00) will buy a
pretty and a serviceable dress; ONE
DOLLAR and TWENTY-CENTS
($1,20) will buy a'handsome "dress;
and ONE DOLLAR and FIFTY
CENTS ($1,50) will buy a superb
Just arrived a case of Mdme.
Thompson's celebrated perfect fit
Buying them in case lots we are en
abled to sell the best corset made
for $1.00. Go no further for a bet
ter corset cannot be fournd. It
stands without a rival for wear,
comfort, and elegance of fiih.
Buy them and you will be more than
pleased-our word for it.
We have a complete LINE of
BLACK and COLORED SILKS
and SATiNS, with all~ necessary
Trimmings, which we offer at our
Established low prices. "How do
you sell such beautiful bleaching
for 8* cts.,?" is asked by the de
lighted housekeeper, when our ex
cellent yard wide, FREE FROM
Starch "Hero Bleaching," is sshown
her, which retails regularly all over
the world for 10 cts., per yard.
Notions is our great Speciality.
We love to buy them, we delight in
selling them. To dispose of them
at Prices which are right instead
of the exhorbant prices usually de
manded for Notions shall be our
aim. Great temptations await you
in Collars, Buttons, Gloves, Purses,
Hair Ornaments, Bracelets, BreasI
pins, Ribbons, &c. A lovely line
of Hamburg Embroideries have just
arrived. We carry the largest stock
of Ladies Fine Neck, wear in the
City. The styles are ansually
pretty and attractive this Season.
R OSIE RY !
our stock is siinply immense, Great
bargains will be the order of the
The GENTLEMEN'S Furnishing
Goods Department is replendent
with choice Cravats, Ties, Scarfs,
Collars, Cuffs, &c. We.will sell a
genuine linen Collar for 1-2 ets.
A genuine linen Cuff for 20 eta.
A g-enuine linen Shirt for 50 ets.
Underwear of every description.
We are'* prepared to sell Shirting
&c., by the piece at -heavy dis
We still follow our old rule of
polite and courteous attention to
every visitor whether purchaler - or
B. H. Cline' & Co.
Three Times A Day
Is not too often to use it, yet if once
a day the teeth are brushed with
WoOD's OD)oNTINEthe greatest change
is observed. Instead.of brown, stain
ed and ugly looking spots on the teeth
you wilIee a bright row of polished
pearles, *here the teeth are sound
and even when they are not perfect
they.will be kept from further decay.
Wowo's ODoNTINuE -eontains nothing
which can-possibly injure the teeth but
'on the contrary is beneficial to teeth
gums and breath. Trade suppie by
-Wholesale Agent. Columbia, S. C.
For sale.by Dr. 8. F. Fant and W.
E. Pelhaw. Feb. 28, 9-y17
FIRE IN REUSE'
The citizensof Newberryand
ug counties are aware ofthe,1a1
which destroyed Mollohon
with other houses, laid low
the well-known CHEAPTOA -
STORE of -
With great exertions, a PO!i
stock was saved; and though
is badly burnt, a great deal is
rfae@tC er was ie =
i hisa a irre ible
ming ha ould rise .
Ata1e ded i1
mu!aine d of the -
firuio k .
ther i t beautiful.
a heavfioun offTe Yor -
FOB CAB, and heWBoW~
with plesuretjpfag able to s
Customers better than eyer.
The stand is dhe fiunent in ow0
go'ods are re and well sel
and a well- 't tore shows the
to the best van
This fine stock, ~t
goods saved from the
fered to the public froma
Harli procured ~a heav
on this stock and roiid
for the goods savedhy fire, he~
position to fairly
The stock comprisesaba
sortment. of notings, Diess
all kinds in dazzling profusion
trimmings to correspon1;d;
less variety of HOSUItR
and in fact everythig i
GOODS LUNE at prieg24t
every one. SIe greatj
commence on Monda~ -
for which he is now preparing, by havng ry
ed down, ready for the rushi. Su~f p
not occur again to secure bargains~. 'ilie
sold, to make room.'for a Fall and4-Witler Mae
TO AVOID -TIEE OINO
come early, as it will be more pleasant than-hate i
The stock is so immense and alt hands preparing
exhibition, that a list of eitfier goods or prises isi
but I guarantee a saving of at least 30 per cent.t ln
any other house. A mounta$n of
with a regular stock secondo Wnond n the state- J
Anl My Oldrrieud
are reqested to call around'it the-neWasie4ak
themslves.. They will always reevi
treatment, whether they purchase or *tIwa 7
to sell as many goods for $7.50 66.~ in 2he ie
State can sell for.$10.0:~
COMET ONE.! COME-~I
and seenre some of those rare bardgi& be ei thiy in
gone, and you will leave the story siling-and deigted
will tell your neighbors that the place to get br~
TLsADER OF LW
KELUY & PIJ01,