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A Family Companion, Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, &c.
Vol. XLIX. NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1883.No47
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June 11 24-7nios.
NO AtET, NPAY
haIn rtto e~ hv
inbEel 1 isPras
Her eyes are lovely. I tvon't tell
What hue their loveliness may show
Her braided hair becomes her well,
In color like but ah, no ! no
That is my secret--red or brown,
It is th' prettiest hair in town !
She walks with such a dainity charm
But whether she be short or-tall,
Of rounded liub or sylph-like form.
Her figmuc suits me-that is all !
Nor do I choose the world to know
If silk her dress, or calico.
My precious girl is worth her weight,
Not in rough gold, but diamonds
And whether that be small or great
I leave the reader to divine.
Ask me to guage her solid worth
She would outweigh the whole ronud
To rhyme her praise is such delight
That I must keep it to myself,
Lest one should better verses write
And lay me gently on the shelf.
I am not jealous, but you see
This charminig girl-belongs te me.
-M. R. Bridges, in the Continent.
It was a bright morning in spring,
and the English fleet lay at anchor
in Portsmouth harbor, awaiting the
admiral's signal to start out on a
cruise. The flag ship, a huge, for
midable ship of the line, with its
dark sides bristling with guns, was
all in commotion. The admiral,
the most famous sailor of his day,
was coming off from the shore, and
the ship was ready to receive him.
Already the guns of the squadron
were beginning to thunder forth
their welcome,nd'soon the vessel
was wreathed in smoke, and quiv
ering beneath the discharges of her
heavy ordnance, as Admiral Nelson
touched her deck, surrounded with
a brilliant staff. Standing near
the edge of the quarter-deck, and
watchihg the scene with intense
eagerness, was a young lad of
about eighteen. He was dressed
simply, but neatly, and his cheeks
glowed and his eyes kindled, as he
watched the exciting events that
were 'goingon around him. As he
returned the salute of the officers,
the admiral chanded to observe the
"Who is this ?" hc asked, turning
to the captain of the vessel,
"Hes a young lad that came on
board a few hours ago," replied the
captain. "He insists oin seeing
you, sir, as he says he has some
thing of importance to say to
"Well, my lad," said the admiral,
kindly, "speak out freely."
"If you please, sir," said the boy,
"I've come to ask you to take me
to sea with you."
"Is that all you have to say,
you young scamp ?" asked the cap
"Let him alone," said the ad
miral, laughing. "Whet position
do you wvant ?" hie asked, turning
to the boy.
"If you would take me as your
cabin-boy, sir," said the boy, "I
should be very glad."
"That's a poor chance for you, if
you wish to rise above it," said the
"It will be a beginning," relilied
the lad. "If you give me a start
I'll work my way up, sir. You did
it, and I mean to do it, too."
The admiral gazed at him kind
ly, but searchingly, and then said.
with a smile :
"I'll take you with me on this
cruise, and if' you want to rise I'll
give you a chance. What is your
"Edward Lee," was the reply.
"Very wcll, then, Edward, I take
you into my service," said the ad
miral. "I shall expect you to prove
yourself worthy of the trust."
"I'll do it, sir," said the boy, ear
nestly. as. he moved aside, respect
fully, to let the.admiral pass.
In two hours the Vanguard stood
out to sea, followed by the squad
ron, to join Earl St.. Vincent at
Gibraltar. The young valet of the
admiral made a decidedly favora
ble impression on the officers of the
ship before the completion of the
"'Tis too bad," said the admiral
to Ms fag-captain, one day, "that
thab boy should fill a menial's posi
The captain agreed with his com
mander, .sand the result of the mat
ter was,,that; in a few days after
the arrival of the~Vanguard. at Gib
ralter, Edward2 Lee wa given. a
v-sti4~ ~ X y lS
Then came the famous cruise in
the Mediterranean, in search of
Bonaparte and his fleet. In the
terrific gale which dismasted the
admiral's ship, young Lee proved
that he merited the kindness his
great commander had shown him,
and won praise from all on board.
Then came the brief halt at Syra
cuse, the a.rrival of the wished-for
re-enforcements. and the departure
for Egypt. As the dawn of the me
morable 1st of August revealed to
the eyes of the English the tricolor
floating ovcr Alexandria, and the
French fleet in the bay of Aboukir,
Edward Lee was standing by his
chief on the deck of the flag-ship.
*There they are," burst from a
score of voices, as the distant ves
sels came in view.
"Yes," muttered the boy; "and
we'll be there too, before night."
Nelson glanced at him approving
"There's a chance for promotion
for us all in there," he said, smil
He was rilht. The fearful en
counter which carried such sorrow
and despair to so many English
homes, brought to these two fame
and honor. Th-rough t wLol ae
tion the admiral's eve was on the
young 'middy," and all through
that long and thrilling summer
night it never lost the gleam of sat
isfaction which had illumined it as
he heard the young sailor's words
in the morning. The same dispatch
that greeted him as Lord Nelson in
formed him that his request for a
lieutenancy for young Lee was
Steady devotion to his profes.
sion and conspicuous bravery in
times of danger soon made the
youthful lieutenant a noted man in
his Majesty's navy. The battle of
the Baltic was a memorable day to
him. It was truly the greatest
battle he had been in. Though
severely wounded, he refused to
go below, and stood at his post un
til the close of the a'ction. When
Sir .lyde Parker gave the signal
for discontinning the fight, Lieu
tenant Lee reported it to Lord Nel
son. The admiral, putting the
glass to his blind eye, said, with
mock gravity, "I really don't see
the signal flag. Keep our closer
battle fiag , still Q11,... Ib ats
the way I - uswe"such signafs;
Nail mine to the mast"
It seemed that the fortunes of
the great ad:niral and his protege
were mysteri:usly united, for this
victory, which made one a viscount,
made the ot:.er a first lieutenant,
though he ha( but just come of age.
He followed his commander, who
had become warmly attached to
him, through all the years that in
bervened, so that. when the great
lay of Trafa gar came, he was the
5eepnd in command to Captain
B-ardy. As the action began Lord
Nelson ,.approached him, and piac
ng his hand on his shoulder, said,
'We are going to have a hard day,
Edward. I hope you may pass
through it safely.'?
"I shall try todo my duty, my
Lord," said Lieut- :mt Lee. "But,"
be added, pointi:. to the uniform
and decorations w.hich the com
mander wore, co: trary to his cus
born, "why does your lordship
eender yourself so conspicuous to
iay ? You will surely draw upon
y'ou the fire of some marksman."
"I have a presentiment," said the
admiral, "that my race is run; so I
bave put on all my harness to-day.
[n honor I gained them," he ex
ylaimed, proudly laying his hand
n the insignia. "and in honor I
will die with then."
The presentiment was realized.
It was the last action of the great
sailor. As he fell on the deck, in
the heart of the battle, the captain
and lieutenant of the ship sprang to
him in an agony of grief.
"Go back to your post, Edward,"
he said, as the lieutenant knelt
down by him. Then he added,
gently: "God bless you, lad."
With a sad heart the young man
returned to his place. The fate
which had seemed to unite his desti
ny with that of his commander was
fully realized on this day; for, just
as the victory was3 gained, a heavy
discharge of grape from a French
ship-of-the line* swept the deck of
Lord Nelson's ship; and when the
smoke cleared away, Captain lHar
dy saw his lieute!:ant lying almost
in the same spot where the con
queror of the Nile had fallen, with
his breast torn op:~ a by the .terrible
Too SMALL.-A boy who was
tried recently in Kentucky on the
charge of carrying a concealed
weapon' was acquitted upon the
ground that he was too small to -con
ceal a weapon so large.
How wise we are in thought !
How weak in practice ! Our very
virtue, like our will, is-nothing.
To enjoy a good thing, exclusive
ly is very often to exclude your
self from the true enjoyment of it.
Anger is like rain it breaks it
11 upon that on 'which at falls
Acorn extractor that has never
feeni patented-the crow.
COURTING IN VARIOUS
Ths Chinese do not do much
courting. The parents save them
the trouble. They believe that
Yue-Laon, the old man of the moon,
unites with a silken cord all pre
destined couples. The parents
arrange, sometimes, for unions as
soon as the child is born. A go
between, or match-inaker, arranges
all the details, and the couple never
see each other until the wedding
Perhaps one of the most novel
modes of courtship ever heard of is
that prevalent among a tribe in
Neilgherry. The- maids and bach
elors who wish to get married erect
a hut inside an inclosed space of I
ground, with a thick fence round it,
and the men without cannot see
each other. The females go -into
the hut, and the males stick long
sticks through the fence. At the
same time the women come out and
each e tch hold of a stick, the
owner of which becomes her hus
At Mocha, in the East Indies, a
main does his courtship by the aid
of mnarriage brokers, to whom a
stipulated sum is paid. In Java
all the courtship is done by pa
rents, the children not being per
mitted to interfere in any way.
In Africa are found many curious
courting customs. In Sierra Leone
the negroes had a house devoted to
the instruction of their daughters,
who 'remain there a year under the
care of an old man. At the end of
this time they are dressed in their
best and assembled before the mar
riabeable young men, dance, and
the latter take.heir pick. On the
west coast, when a girl is of mar
riageable age she is led about the
village by her friends to advertise
the fact, her hands and arms adorn
ed with gold trinkets to allure the
young men. She is sold into matri
mony, the highest price being
twenty dollars, with rum and to
bacco. In Congo, when -a girl is
marriageable, she is put in a tent for
a month and suitors come and make
her preseitis. Then. ~ah,e xakes .her.
pici ehey-'ive together then for
two or three years to see if they are
suited to each other. In New
Zealand and the Feejee islands
courtship is done by capture. When
a man sees a woman he likes he
tells her to follow him.. If she re
fuses he knocks her down and
carries her off.
The method of courtship is
equally brutal. The young lover's
mode of paying his addresses is
efficacious and simple. With a
blow of his nulla-nulla, or war-club.
he stuns she object of his affections,
and drags her insensible body away
to some secluded spot, carrying
her home as soon as she recovers
her senses. "Sometimes two join
in an expedition for the same pur
pose,'' says a *riter, "and then for
several days they watch the move
mnents of., their intended victims,
using the utmost skill in concealing
their presence. When they have
obtained the knowledge they re
(iuire they wait for a dark, windy
night; then, quite naked and carry
ing only their long "jog spears,"
they crawl stealthily through the
bush i.fhtil they reach the camp
fires in front of which the girls are
sleeping. Slowly and silently they
creep close enough to distinguish
the figure- of one of their cnbras;
then one of the intruders stretches
out his spear and inser~fs its barbed
point among her thick, flowing
locks; turning the spear slowly
around, some of her hair speedily
becomes entangled with it; then
with a sudden jerk she is aroused
form her sleep, and as her eyes open
she feels the sharp point of another
weapon against her throat. She
makes a virtue of necessity, and
follows her captor."
At St. Petersburg it was long a
custom to hold a fair on Whitsun
day of the women who wanted
husbands. The women carried in
their hands silver spoons to show
their possessions. Their parents
and friends went with them to
arrange termns. The young men
strolled about, and when they saw
a girl they liked they spoke to her
custodian, and stated their pros
pects. In Bosnia, near the Danube,
young girls of the Mohammedan
faith were permitted to walk about
with their faces uncovered, and if
a man inclined to matrimony fell in
love with one of them as he passed
along he threw an embroidered hand
kerchief or some- other article on
her head or neck. .She then retired
to her home, and appeared no more
Hie~that wrestles with us strength
ens our nerves and sharpens our
will. Our antagonist is our helper.
In the adversity of our best
friends we often find something
is nOt displeasing to ns.
Goodforuneand ba.d re equal
1.nma ta 'ntoit im to
A IEPORTER'S VISIT TO NEW YORK'S
NOTED PRISON-:HOW CON
VICTS ARE RECEIVED.
A Tribune reporter who visited
New York's famous penal institu
tion says: To the summer pleas
ure-seeker who passes up and down
the East river. Blackwell's Island
appears an attractive spot, its natu
ral charms being too many to be
quite spoiled even by its stern and
forhidding edifices. A glimpse of
several gangs of men, clad in the
hideous uniforms of State convicts,
steadily toiling in the hot sun, un
der supervisions of armed patrol
ling keepers, presents the initial idea
to the gaze of the suffering endured
by its population from the hard toil
and iron discipline exacted and en
forced in that penal institution.
It was early morning, and sixteen
newly arrived prisoners were being
put through their preliminary exer
cises in a large chamber on the
ground floor, dignified with the
style and title of "Reception-Room."
At a desk erected in an elevated
position, his book recording admis
sions before him, sat Hall-keeper
Michael Kennedy. On the opposite
side, ranged in rows, were unmerous
large baths and three or four chairs,
such as barbers- invite their clients
to be seated in. A gauge for meas
uring the height of prisoners and a
weighing machine completed the -
list of accessories to the "Reception
Room." Presently a keeper on the
outside thrust his arm. through the
iron bars and, inserting a huge key
in the lock, opened the door. Then
entei-ed the sixteen sinners in
double file and ranged themselves
in a row before Keeper Kennedy.
"Your name ?" shouted that official
to the formost offender. It was
given. Then followed in succession
the question, "Your age ?" "Native
country ?'' "Religion ?" "Occupa- t
tion ?" "Been here before ?" and if t
the answer were in the affirmative,
"How many times ?" "Under what
name or names ?" These questions
being satisfactorily aiswered and
the replies recorded, the prisoner
was handed over to an attendant
who measured his height, and t
weighed him, the result of these
two -operations, -together -with the '
color of his. hair, eyes and complex
ion, being quickly added to the
statement and spread before Keeper
Kennedy. Each man was then
made to strip and enter a bath and, t
under the vigilant eyes of the keeper t
and his satellites, none failed to
escane a thorough washing. This
cleansing process completed, each
prisoner dressed himself in the suit
provided for him by the State
which, whatever may be said of its
utility, canuot by any stretch of the
imagination be considered nsthetic.
The clothes belonging to each pris-e
oner were then collected, neatly
folded, made intopsrcels and labeled
with the owner's names previous to
being put away. Unless a man
were sentenced to a very short term i
and raisid an objection to it, he t
was next shaved, after which he
was considered to be duly prepared j
ror the prison life before him. Dep- i
uty Warden Osborne rapidly scan
ned the column headed "Occupa- c
tion," and assigned every man to t
some particular keeper's gang ;
some to work in the quarry, some
to the blacksmith's and some to the e
carpenter's shop. After this all
that remained to be done was for
Keeper Kennedy to show the pris
oners their cells and explain the
manner of cleaning them. Then
they were marched off, every man
tohis gang. c
The number of prisoners admitted t
daily varies greatly, but approxi- c
mnately, it may be said to average t
ten. At present there are 700 male e
and 15>0 female prisoners in the I
penitentiary, brit, although ott o,ne t
occasion-in January, 1878-it ac
commodated the large number of a
1,184, it is much overcrowded. and
the system of "doubling up," as put- e
ting two prisoners in one cell is 1
termed, is in some cases found to t
A MORNING SCENE.
About eight o'clock one morning
a man smoking plug tobacco in an e
old clay pipe walking out of a 1
Michigan avenue saloon with a rat g
in a trap. -He looked neither to a
the right nor the left until he had c
reached the middle of the street. i
Then he placed the trap on the i
ground and whistled for his dog. I
If he had a dog, the animal did not 1
respond, but the public did. In t
less than two minutes thirty men I
were rushing to the spot.
"Hi. there ! Don't let him out till I
get my dog?" shouted one.i
"Hold on ! Wait for the dogs !"<
yelled half a dozen voices at once. i
"Keep cool and form a circle !"<
commanded a policeman, and he .
took a firmer grip of his baton.
The man with the trap spreada<
large handkerchief over it and
waited. He was not a bit excited
On the contary he was as placid
as a chip sailing in the *ash-dish.
-"Whar' did ye catch him?" in
quired a newsboy.
The placid man did not deign to
"What'll ye take fur him?"
asked another, but his iuquiry was
treated with a silent contempt.
Then four or five men came run
ing up with dogs under their arms,
and ten or fifteen dogs on foot fol
lowing behind. The-re was a figft
between a bull-dog and a Newfound
land, and there would have been a
row between owners had not. a
econd policeman appeared. Order
was finally restored. The dogs
were arranged in a circle and held
by their collars, and the placid man
slowly knocked the ashes from his
pipe, looked carefully around, and
then raised the trap and shrook the
rat out. All the dogs made a rush,
but in ten seconds each and every
,anine walked off on his ear and
seemed to be hurt in his feelings.
A. boy stepped forward and held
,he rat up to view.
"It's a crockery rat !' he yelled
us he whirled it around.
"Yes, it vhas a grogery radt, and
ie cost me den cents!' calmly re
?lied the placid man as he walked
)ff with the trap.-Detroit Free
A DETERMINED SEARCI.
The captain of one of the ocean
ines of steamers, running from
3oston was called upon by a Cus
om House officer a few days ago,
vho said he desired a word pri
"What is it ?" interrogated. the
"My instructions are to search
"Search my ship," replied the as
orished captain, "what for ?"
"For $10,00 worth of silks -which 1
t is reported at the Custom House
ron have concealed in your ves- I
"All right" said the captain, "go
ihead and do your duty."
First the contents of the cap- t
sin's cabin were overhauled, then
hose of the officers, according to
ank, but no silk was found.
"I guess, Captain, that there's no
Leed to continue the search any
urther," suggested the Custom '
"Yes, there is," added the cap- f
ain, "you say your orders are to
earch this vessel. an A'm going'to
ee that you do it, or else I shall
nake a formal report of your re
hsal to do so."
Calling the first officer, he said:
"You will please take this gen
leman all through the ship and see
hat he searches every nook and
orner where it is possibie to hide'
itk. If he refuses to accompany
~ou, let me kriow."
The search was continued in the
ugine room, then into- the fore
astle, and after two hours was
oncluded in the coal bunkers,
rom which the Custom House man
merged covered with perspiration
nd coal dust.3
"Well, did you find anything ?"
"-Of course you didn't, and you
Lever expected you would. Next
ime you want to search my vessel
4ring your authority along, or else,
shall think that you're trying to
ulldoze me. But you've got the
rrong man this time to experiment
pon. I hope this will be a can
ion to you in the future."
The Custom House officer has
ept the story to himself. The
aptain of the vessel told it.
UILL AIRP ON ,TIlE OFFICE.E
Uneasy lies the' head that wears r
post-office-or most any other ~
ceffi; especially one that has poli
ics in it ; more especially one that /
omes from Washington, where poli- e
ics is studied as a.game of chess, t
,nd every pawn and every piece
as to be moved to protect the king,
hat is the President. The player I
ot only catches his adversaries and
weeps them from the board, but t
rhen the king is in danger he will (
acrifice his own men who have I
een fighting faithfully, and sweep
hem away too. It is a wonder to '
ae that anybody will hanker after <
uch a business. Before a man 1
ets an-office he is doing something 3
bat makes a living for his family,
ud he quits that, and breaks up
nd loses his trade or custom ; and
egins to live on a salary and feels
:ood for awhile, but suddenly he
;oes overboard and has no trade or
ustom to fall back on. In the
rieantime his children are growing
p, and have got new ways and
abits, because pa is in office and
andles more money than he used
o, and they must step up a little
igher in society, and dress finer,
nud give more parties, and take a
uore fashionable pew in the meet
ng house. And so when the fall
omes it is a hard one, and the poor
eller don't know what to do. He
an rim a post-office, or collect the
evenue, or get after the moonshin
~rs with alacrity, but post-offices
on't lie around loose, -and when -a1
eller looses one he can't pick-up
mother and keep on in the same
ine of business.-Atlan.ta (Ga.,)
We pass often from love -to am
cition bnt we seldom return frou
unbition to lov
$L.00pereq=an s shfarfds
and 75 aents for each sseq tt b
Double column advraisenoa t pr
of respect,same rates per quare a
p Ifoties Ia- Lca cohama
Advertisements not marked si
ber of insertions wiBlne kepw
and charged aeordingl
Special contracts made wItistga
utse;. itIberaI deduct ioson
JOB P lATI
DONE WITH Ns TNess AND
TERMS CASH -.
THE RiSE OF TRE A
8HI LC [. Y
Within the last tWb years ,9
of a movement have been -
which seems likely to cause.a
plete revolution in the mat
summer attire for men, and
the present season it has
so much strength and volam~
its importance cannot with.j,
be any longer ignored. The.
duction of the flannel shirts,
substitute for the rigid
cottbn and linen abomind
which has hitherto been r
as the test of respectability,bae,,
already met with onsiderab1e
cor, and gained a large. eato e
that popularity:bi'ch it
ieserves. It isgnnlar hat
lents in this climate of
3ammer heats, have not - long
seen that a radical change i
attire was necessary and tht. mS
rar as all occasions of business =
Aeasure at this season of th
re concerned, th9 saree
night with good reason be
.way in the saxne chest whib
ains the winter overcoat and
qot a single apology can be
or this garment during thesum9
[t does not adapt itself.to.tie'
rous attitudes into which the
nan figure allows itself toi '
luring the heated terni, theto :
>r its bgsonr with -stinrkZe1
t impervious to the air; tWe4
iamed portions which depead
ow the waist are of
ength and not easily toberd
f when that every necess ry -
'le of attire, the trousers, Is
>ver them, while- the .r4
he collar and cuffs is simply *'
ndurable by any man who ba8 a
roper idea of comfort. For
>ccasions the formal -dinner
be gibby whirl of the a
>eople must indulge in sue' (i
ivities during, the sunlpnerr
rpansive white shirt-front ''.
)ut of place, althotigh m~~
ess that the most
~njoyable ball ~weev&
va at a large seashore -~~
rhere the young men forte
>art appeared inthekn~
lannel shirt and loosedl J*kS4
he pedestrnza and cm
he liea inth .ol
awns, Where the ~vps;f
hirts of civilizatiodfie ~ ae~~j
he balance, the merit of th&Iei'
tel shirt preponderates. ItI~
kghtly and flexibly.npon the1 ur :
onforms it self to -the isoi
~f the wearer, permits the~ -
urrents of the air tomeet the
nd cherishes instifad-oehafe
eck and wrists-'li If- *
espects it is directly Oppo d~
ts rival, which is about ascmf .
able iit snmmer as ashi'to hl
asil or the st~eel breastplate oV
nedievai:warrior. In-the matteaif
icturesqueness, also, the ln4,
hirt has superior claims.-B.9
Hz WarmTai & Bmn~ FAter.
Aenitenant Derby, the celebraedd
John Phsuix."" was- a grea praoe..
[cal joker in private life, as
rell known. TEhe following soy
s told of him by oneof his Ulde
He once stopped a baker's wagon
n Kearney street, and, haih'ng the
river, pulled out his purse and ~
old him he wanted to buy.abaked
The inft'riated Dutchman told
jnt to go about his business ad
Lot fool with men who had work to
"But if you don't give a baked
agle," said Derby, "you're a lir
,ud. a s*indler, and a common
This was too much for the Ger-~
aan, and, rolling up his sleeves, he
repared to get off the wagon and
ciop the pavement with itie lieu.
enant. Just as he was getting
[own the author of the Thceni?
>apers yelled :
"Hold on, my friend, perhaps rm
rrong, but if you don't sell baked
agles what in thunder do gvoe
ave Eagle Bakery-written all over
'our wagon for ?'"
This was too much, for the
reuton, and what might have ended
ai blood terminated in beer.
DQdes who chew. the headse o~
heir canes are advertised bya
aedical eaitor to have the sine
nade of soft rubber instead of si
er. It makes les wear and tear
a tIhe gums, and helps-the teeth to
ome through just as well
In the Far West a man advetises
or a woman "to wash, iron and
nilk one or two cows." What
Loes he want his cows washed and
roned for ?
A cow died from,eating toouany
ipples, which gave riso metoin
>le inside-her (in cider)..
The pigs finds a
nd sedges theedrq..-'