T. F. GRENEKER, EDrs
GEO. B. CROMER.
NEWBERRY, S. C.
THURSDAY MARCH 20, 1884.
A PAPER FOR THE PEOPLE.
The Herald Is in thehigbetrespect &F=
,yNe"ppr, devoted to the material In
tereste eople of this County and the
tate. It circulates extensively, and as an
A mMe ra unrivalled ad
vantaes, or Terms, see frst page.
It is s-id that Herbert Spen
cer, the English philosopher, hav
ing been asked to stand as a can
didate for member of Parliament,
declined to abandon his work for a
political career, and said that he
could not agree to be merely a del
egate voting as desired by his con
stituents, but would always act
upon his own judgment, so that
there would be a continual antago
nism between himself and his con
There is something refreshing
about these words of the distin
gvishcd Englishman, and they car
ry a lesson by which our own pol
iticians might profit. The people
demand that they be recognized as
supreme, in the halls of legislation
as well as at the ballot box, and
the representative who dares to fly
in the teeth of public sentiment on
any question demanding legislation,
must sooner or later feel the lash
of public indignation. This is es
pecially true of State politics; znJ
being true it should lead every
man who is asked to~stand; as a
candidate for legislative honors to
decide two questions.
The first question is, Will I agree
to vote as my constituents wish me
to vote, on questions affecting the
public welfare? and the second,
Will I;have the nerve to follow my
own judgment, regardless of the
desires of my constituents? At
some time in the political career of
every man who is endowed with
ability and sagacity, these ques
tions must arise. The people have
become exacting, and a represents.
tive may seal his own political
death warrant by casting a single
vote. We feel no hesitancy, how
ever, in saying thabt a representa
tive should never refuse to vote on
important measures because he is
afraid of offending his constiruents.
We go farther and say that he
should not greatly trouble himself
to find out the opinion of his con
stituents, when he has the approv
al of hislown judgment.
We like the man who can be a
public servant, without slavishly
following the desires of anybody ;
the man who has the manhood and
the nerve to follow his own judg
ment when occasion offers ; the
man who is not afraid to cast a vote
without feeling the pulse of the
people ; the man who can sneeze
without first enquiring whether his
constituents have taken snuff. Mr.
Spencer is unwilling to be an auto
maton. Hie is not willing to lay aside
his own personality and individual
ity to become a pupr,et in a play of
Punch and Judy in which he must
speak, and vote and act as his con
stituents work the wires. He there
fore declines because he is averse
to a continual antagonism b tween
himself an his constituents.
We repeat that the example is a
good one. The man who has a pol
itical career in view should decide
at once whether there are sharply
drawn issues on which he does not
agree with his constituents. If so,
he can remain in political life
only by following the desires of his
constituents, and over-riding his
own judgment. The question is
whether he is willing to follow this
A. W. Tourgee, thie editor of the
Continent, has conducted a canvass
in every State of the North, east of
Colorado, to ascertain what Repub
lican could get the most votes, and
lose the fewest, as presidential
nominee. His inquiries were pro
pounded to more than eleven hun
dred men known by him to be ear
nest, representative Republicans,
After giviing the result of his can
vass, at some length, he says, "We
believe it to be entirely beyond
question that Mr. Lincoln will be
one of the nominees of the Repub
lican party, and the probabilities are
so great as almost to render it a
certainty that he will be the head
of the ticket." If we must have a
Republican president, Mr. Lincoln
will suit us as well as anybody.
A destructive cylone passed
through Guntersville, Ala., on the
night of the 13 Inst. doing great
Judge Bond is said to have inti- -
mated to the attorney-general th4 j
it would be wise and expedient tod
permit the political cases in South:
Carolina to rest for a period, and
give the civil cases some chance
for a hearing. It is safe to pre
sume that Mr. Brewster will acqui
esce in this opinion of Judge Bond ;
not that he is willing to call off his
hounds that have been harrying the
Democrats of our State, but be
cause she has been unable to run
down his; game. Judge Bond is
right ; but it will be remembered
that he has been very wrong. He
did not order a change of program
until he found that South Carolina
Democrats could not be convicted
even with packed juries and hired
SUDDEN DEATH IN TRENTON.
News and Courier.
TRENTON, March 16.-Yesterday
evening Major R. P. Bryan while
walking from his office to his home
suddenly fell on the sidewalk, and
was dead before assistance could I
reach him. In the opinion of the I
attending physician he died of heart
disease. Major Bryan was in his
73d year, and has been an honored
citizen of our town for over fifty t
years, and had always maintained
the character of a pious, Christian t
gentleman, an honorable, high-toned
citizen and a true friend and neigh
bor. For several years he had been
connected with the county treas
urery or as assistant treasurer.
Maj. Bryan was the father ot
Mrs. Broaddus of our town. Mr. I
and Mrs. Broaddus received the
sad intelligence by telegraph, and
left on Sunday morning for Tren
ton, to be present at the final trib
ute to the deceased. Mr. Broaddus
was compelled, the notice being so I
sudden, to leave his pulpit vacant t
on Sunday. All our people sym i
pathize greatly with our friends in
PEN AND SCISSORS.
President Raoul of the Georgia e
Central R. R. has purchased the
Greenwood, Laurens and Spartan- a
burg Railroad, and will have it c
completed at an early day. The b
terms of purchase not yet known. d
Animals feed, men eat; but only t4
men of intelligence know how to C
Just as you please about it.
There are a number hereabouts who g
think they know how, and all they 1
want is a fair showing. They be
lieve the jaws and brain are entirely e
A terrible explosion occurred at
Coal Mines in Tazwell Co. Va., oni
the 12th inst. by which one hundred i
and fifty lives were lost.
The vigilantes out in Arizona
hanged a man the other day bet
cau3e he was a confirmed liar.
Good gracious ! If it gets to be the
rule to hang liars, none of us-that
is to say, there are a great many
men who will be in danger.-Ex.
We would not be guilty of in- 1
sinuations, but then we can not I
help but think a committee would
be kept very busy east of the
Poverty destroys pride. It is 1
difficult for an empty bag to stand i
All a mistake. If a man feels
and knows himself to be an honest
man, he is the peer of any man on
earth, The want of wealth and fine
clothing should never lower the
pride of any person. God looks at
the heart not the apparel. Poverty
may and does subject one to
many privations. Yet fortified with
the pure feelings af an honest heart
he takes his stand and feels himself
the equal of any one. Better to
be the "empty bag" than the
empty skull and the black and cor-1
rupt heart. The proverb is wrong
and shows a degraded nature when
it is acted upon.
The publisher of the Beaver
Falls, Pa. Courier, Mr. John F.
Porter, some time ago contracted a1
severe cold. He says: "I tried
half a dozen remedies ineffectually1
and upon recommendation of a phy
sician. I gave Dr. Bull's Cough
Syrup a fair, a square trial. It re-i
lieved me immediately and cured
my cold and catarrh enentirely. It
is a remedy that should be used in]
Up to the3l2th inst. the number of
liens in Sumter County was 3,140.
Orangeburg about 1,600 and several
precincts to hear from. Spartan
Gov. Thompson's daughter died
on Saturday evening from the
effets of burns received about two1
Martin E. Babb, clerk of the
court for Laurens Co., died on the 1
Old Uncle Sammy Tilden says he1
is not as nearly worn out as people
say he is.4
Chief Justice Simpson discharg
ed Col. Cash-on a $2,500 bond, to
await the 'ext term of court at
Chesterfield. H& decided that it
was not unlawful for the Governor
to have the prisoner carried to
The boarding house of the An
lerson -Military Academy was
>urned on the morning of the
L6th inst. Loss $4,000, Insurance
Mme. Patti says she did not kiss
Jov. Crittenden of Missouri, but
;he does kiss her parrot. Bad taste
n the woman, or heap of ugly in
There is not a drop of intoxica
ing spirits sold in the West End,
Better change ends.
Our neighbors in Edgefield pro
>ose to change the constitution of
he Democratic clubs of that county,
io that the party shall be organized
nto primary clubs, each club to
iave not fewer than fifty active
nembers. No man to belong to
wo clubs. Each club to keep a
01 and certify all new members to
he County Committee-a majority
>f club to be a quorum-each club
o have one delegate for every ten
nembers-County Conventions to 1
iave power to make nominations
or offices viva voce.
"Shot dead by a doctor ?" Such
s the startling caption of an ar- I
icle in an exchange. He must be 1
very unskilful physician who has
o resort to powder and ball to get
id of a pa6ient.-Ex.
Girls should be careful how they
re vaccinated with virus taken
rom a lover's arm. One at St.
aul has taken to swearing, sitting
ross legged and smoking a briar
FoR TuE HERALD.
THE LIGHTNiNG ROD.
In 1752, Dr. Franklin discovered
hat frictional electricity and light
aing are ~ identical. Whatever is
rue then of electricity is true of light
ing. These facts are known: 1st
.ectricity exists in all bodies in a
lisguised state, consisting of two
:inds so opposed to each other that
hey have been called the positive e
nd the negative. 2d If either kind of
lectricity is in a free state it at
ractsthe other kind,and if they meet,
iey neutralize, just as fire and water
eutralize beat, when the one has
ntact with the other. 3rdly. Some
odies are very good conductors
f electricity, others very poor con
actors,while some substances refuse
) conduct it under any circumstan
s. For example, copper and iron
re very good conductors, dry
ood a very poor conductor, and
lass, feathers, varnish and woolen
oods are non-conductors. Water,
a any form, is a good conductor.
'he gases which rise from a
himney are good conductors.
thly. If a current of electricity is
raversing any substance, and en
ounters even a slight resistance,
t will leap to any other object near
L, provided that object be a better
onductor than the one along which
t is flowing. Indeed, a good con
luctor will rarely fail to attract
he current from a poor conductor
[o increase the conductivity of any
bstance, attach points of copper
ighly polished. 5thly. The earth1
nd the air are always charged with
~lectricity, the one kind existing in
he earth; the other kind existing in
he air. Between these two there is
lways a communication going on,
henever a conductor can be found
or their passage, 6th. If a fracturc
~xists, or a variation of density, in
he condnector, or if any cause in
erferes with the continuity of the
~onductor, the current does not
These facts are sufficient to en
Lble us to determine (a) in
what way a lightning-rod protects
a building and(b) in what manner the
*od should be joined to the build
.ng. A lhghtning rod is of much
ervice during clear, warm, weath
r by affording to the electricity of
1he earth and the air an opportuni
y of contact, thus preventing a
urcharge in either of the ele
ments. If on a fair day, a metallic
rod a few feet in length, painted at
;he top and insulated at the bot
;om, be elevated and its lower ex
;remity be connected with an elec
;roscope, the presence of electricity
ri-be very satisfactorily indicated
y the divergence of the gold-leaf.
urrents of electricity are contin
ally traversing the earth's surface,
seeking intercourse with the elec
;ricity of the air. .If a rod, well
~onnected, be attached to a building,
he fliids are brought into corn
nunication. and neutralized ; but if
;here be no rod, the timnbens3, being
.mperfectly jointed and poor con
luctors, prevent the neutralizing
which would otherwise occur, and a
arge quantity of electricity is thus
eft in a free state. A cloud comes
>ver, and, by the process of precip
tation, immense quantities of elec
;ricity are developed in the cloud
rhich attract the free electrici.
;y of the opposite kind in the earth,
md a flash of lightning is the re
rult. But, suppose. on the contra
-y, that the building has been well
rotected with rods, no charge pro.
>ably exists in the earth, and that
>f the cloud must pass on to some
>ther locality before it will be
rawn to the ground. If, however,
;hat of the cloud should happen to
id a sufficient quantity of the op
>osite kind in the vicinity of the
>uildng, mutual attraction would
ause. the two fluids to rush togeth
r by means of the rod, and their
hnergies be thus destroyed. If the
oregoing be correct, the proper
rection of lightning-rods becomes
very simple prpcess.
The material of the rod Qught to
e copper, but as iron -is generally
ised, it will be taken here: 'Take
ron rod 64-100 sq. in. oros
ectan, eithe, abaJm at' .elar ti 1
>earing taken that no flaws exist.
Screw the different joints tightly
ogether, and then solder them very
-arefully. To the lower extremity
ttach a metal plate a yard square
:copper is best,) and sink this in
the ground to permanent moisture,
[11 in with charcoal, and cover the
excavation. It is of so great im
portance to have the plate in per
manently wet earth that it wouid
be far safer to have no rod, than to
bave the plate in dry earth. In
hat case, the electricity would
adopt the building as a conductor
with disastrous consequences. If
he building have a chimney, at
ach the rod to it. The chimney
s a better conductor tnan the tim
:ers of the building, and the gasses
hich ascend it, are very good con
luctors. Use metal fastenings, and
ender pOo circumstances insulate the
-od from the building. Those who
iow have glass rings to separate
,he rod from the building to which
;he rod is attached, would act very
isely to break the glass insulators,
ind clasp the rod with the metal
'astenings that surround the
The space protected is assume
o be a cone, tne radius of
vhose base equals its altitude.
Cherefore, extend the rod at least
bhree feet above the highest chim
iey, and the larger the building the
igher should the rod extend. The
erminal should be copper tipped,
cone in shape whose altitude
quals the radius of its base. A
oot below this cone a copper ring
;hould be screwed and soldered,
o which should be securely fasten
d three or four sharp highly polish
d copper points, six inches long.
here must be no abrupt bends in
he rod. All metal work about the
ilding should be protected, ex
ept gas pipes-a defective joint
night ignite the gas. There should
>e regular inspections of the condi
ion of the protective system of
ods, both above and below ground.
The above directions are drawn
'om the very highest authorities,
nd ought certainly to supersede
he old and absurd method of erect
ng rods for the-endangering of a
C. W. WELCH.
For the Cure of Coughs, Colds
Hoarseness, Bronchitis,Croup, Infiu
enza, Asthma, Whooping Cough, In
cipient Consumption and for the re
liefofconsumptive persons in ad van
ced stages of the Disease. For Sale
by all Druggists.-Price, 25 Cents.
The Merchants' Protective Associa
tion will meet in the office of Geo. S.
Mower Esq., next Monday evening,
he 24th., inst. at 8 O'Clock.
Geo. S. Mower, President.
R.MD.Smith, Sec., &Tre
Clemmon Jenkins who is under con
;ract with me for the year 1884, has
et my employment. All persons are
~orbidden to hire him. And any per
on knowing his whereabouts will ob
ige me by informing me. NDS
Town of Nwberry S. C.,
March 18, 1884.
The citizens of the Town of New
werry S. C., are requested to assemble
n Mass Meeting in the Opera House,
Iuesday March 25th, 1881, at 5 o'clock
P. M. to Nominate a Mayor a four Al
lermen to serve as the Town Council
f Newberry S. C., for the ensuing
TOU.NG JOHN POPE',
J. E. BROWN.
A LDE RM EN:
WA RD 1,-B. HI. CLINE,
" 2-G. W. PEARSON,
"3-C. C. CHASE,
a' 4-GEO. McWIHIRTER.
The above-namied gentlemnen are
en of excellent busmiess qualifica
:ions, and administrative ability,
;tainch, enterprising, and public spiri
:ed. We know the municipal goyern
nent in their hands would 'be .econpmn
cally and j udiciously administered,
id they will be supported by a
najority of Voters.
HERALD BOOK STORE!
Turner's, Caper's and Calvary
Children's Scripture Question
Carmine, Violet and Black Inks.
Peerless Mucilage-first class.
School Books-all kinds.
Shelf, Tissue, Gold and Silver
Bristol Board-first quality.
Blotting Paper-All sizes.
Note Paper-commercial, Billet,
plain and gilt.
[ogether with sundry other articles
if staple Stasionery.
H/AP FOR CASI.
irs Tnaa. F. BRENEKER.
W. J. POLLARD. JAS. L. ROBERTSON.
POLLARD & ROBERTSON,
Cotton Factors and Commission Merchants,
No. 731 Reynolds Street, AUCUSTA, CEORCIA.
Manufaturers and General Agents for the Following Machinery, Con
sisting in Part,
100 Fairbanks Standard Scales,
100 Thomas Smoothing Harrows,
100 Acme Pulverizers and Clod Crushers,
100 Reapers, Differsnt Makes and Styles, (single or combined)
25 Hubbard Gleanors and Binders, (Independent)
25 Thresher. and Separators, (vai ious sizes and styles)
25 Watertown Steam Engines, (all sizes all styles)
20 C. & G. Cooper & Co. Steam Engines, (all sizes and styles)
10 Oneida Steam Engines, (all sizes and styles)
75 Smith's Hand-Power Cotton and Hay Presses,
50 Pollard Champion Gins, Feeders and Condensors,
25 Neblett & Goodrich IXL Cotton Gins at $2.00 per saw,
10 Neblett & Goodrich second-hand IXL Cotton Gins at $1.50 per saw, in god order,
5 Kreible Engines.
WOOD WORKING MACHINERY (all kinds) FLOUR & CORN
-MILLS, & MILL MACHINERY.
Otto Silent Gas Engines, Hancock Inspirators, Dean Steam Pumps,
Milburn Roller Breast Gins, Feeders and Condensers, Carver Seed Cotton
Cleansers, Newell Cotton Seed Hullers and Separators, Colts Power
Cotton Presses. Shafting, Pulleys and Hangers, Steam and Water Pipes,
Fittings. etc. Belting, Laeing, Hoes, etc.
COTTON MILL SUPPLIES A SPECIALTY.
A full line of Machinery of all kindi in stock aud for sale low. Call and
examine before purchasing, and save money.
Send for catalogues. Correspondence solicited and promptly attended to.
Pollard & Robertson, 731 Reynolds st., Augusta Ga.
W. T. GAILLIARD, Agt. Newberry, S. C
COLMMA CASH DRY GOODS STORE,
C, F. JACKSON, Manager,
120 Main Street, - Columbia, S. C.,
ALWAYS ON HAND A FULL
D T GOODS,
NOTIONS, CLOTHING, HATS,
Ladies and Gents Under Garments,
I rtul -none htm
-In now ?a for inspectioiring or
Suits inGEORGE KINARD (color
Mad) will be prosecuted to the fullest
Acehtent Of the law, for he is under
ceablec with us for the year 1884.
T. L. BOOZER.
IDesigctull annhenpe tha Price.
AhnoEWlneo FanSOCK MARoods.AOE~
of1 Nilk esgnsan Shapes1I. TW FNWBRY
HjI1 A &AYRCA PS POOL
Sutcioad loth,e Wn ose. n -.MW ITR
Clere of Laes Stye DEiShes
Buto oLce,an Loqrters. for o smaewtotthnweg
Alshonice line of runs,n Srvi- aealsanhadptitcmn h
ingU bea Sprng Waloting foanes.dcin dt o h pol
BOYS & CHILREAny w esn aor rsoshir Weore
A hndom lneofFamshngGjds ncarb o~r EORGEnKIAD wlor-e
Shirt. ollr ad uff, il a d) strongly rsuppoted toteynls
HATS& CAS! THECOTARN OCMOE
Ceebitd A D A hos, Y To B. Crooks.
(Every PairWArrant-d.)in CongrL.
Buton r Lce,andLowuaeWAfor Th credtor ofE. 0 oo,
Als a icelin ofTruks.Tra - Esscti. EmDIs--The tbohe n
Umbells nd alkngCans. in at hisade e withh knowedg
in tf days pafter bte knowltcato teo
esecftl twit: thdcie 12a duty of hepople
a~~~strl spOrtie, 1by Mrh 84
____ ___ COUNTY OF ENWBERRY,
The doceatee,questhorebf aeulterdted
smokers,rtspective deemande befberemtheTO N I
dersigneyat his eee,gwitinnthir
J. W m.00PP.00Kor an
Master'srOmHee,e8th, March 1884
Pieoknt thore-ark sof thebccl. BsxHadVGRo OTII lhs
____the_egn_way_f_s_okin._Yo g ieet eqiin
clesailierd anrvsareer.ve eperorckin'gt ye
the mo th qus onaiiadulrteratedr
t~sobac forceis onu uheantm cueotgfs la ar n pt
smokrs th orse drbe it becomers M an eatyeopexO
In BiaoacktoelelvlueDf mo
always.C J thatxiCit is Naturet'stmPt
owandlertdpou t. cntr.iit ar nl dtdl.Fpph
Jtior hfragrance.,t ou aflavor.dsir hnlt
dontheer an-atte RGXM SIaB~
idet. Nonae og.fornurineREXwith-'
Aiiol uccessfmud FashirmanorandlSports.
men smoE'ke olaockwelPsomBSll. Durham
Oauoas'a~ao ACS VRECHUDM
~iooldoa~ mae patay ll he sure byte auldrestabvIsed force.'F.lve
ceity, WindH and suppe wrsi o Jias nt
to H ~t~Oa e sG Yea fi i.
*our Winter Stock MuSt. Go1I
For the next - days we will
sell all heavy wbight
CL OTH ,
BOOT-S SH Z04
AT MANUFACTURERS COST'
s every one well knows we are the
argest and best stock in town, and as
we have [since our openingj always
ed in styles and prices, we still pro
ose to keep up our reputation and
e feel no hesitancy in saying we can
iscount any bill bought in Newberry,
>rovided first class goods are taken
e also have a JOB LOT of
Which we will close out at and belowI
(OST These Hats are allright in
very respect, and it is.only to snake
room for Sprino' Hats ;that we close
hem out at sul a great sacrife.
Call early before the best and most
esirable goods are picked ov$
T NEWERPRY ILgThIBRg8
ROTWELL'S NEW BIIIDING,
NEWBERRY, S. 0.
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