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The Newberry herald. (Newberry, S.C.) 1865-1884, August 07, 1884, Image 1

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--- --- ---.----------- -------- -________________ -- - --.Mis-ei-N e w S A1 th-e,-ark ets- c
A Family Companion, Deoe to Literature, Mseln,eS giutr,Mres e
Vol. xx. --_- NEWBERRY, S. C., THUIRSDAY, AUGUST 7, 1.884.No28
TH E H ERA LD'
L. PUBLISHED
E.'E.Y TilURSDAY MORNING,
It Newberry, S. C.
BY TH0x: E. GRENEKER,
,i Editor and Proprietor.
'erm,~ $2,00 per Jiunu?n,
uvariably in Advance.
rhe paper is stopped at the expiration of
r,- The >4 mark denotes expiration of
Aubscription .
1884 THE 1884
CONSTITUTION
THE DAILY COxSTITUTION has come to
be a necessity to every intelligent man in
the range of its circulation.
For the next year it will be better than
ever. Nearly $100.0M) is now being invested
by its proprietors in a new building. pres
ses and outilt, in which and with which it
en be enlarged to meet its increasing busi
ness, and improved to meet the demands of
it' growing constituency.
THa IAILY AND SUNDAY CONSTITUTION for
184 will be better and tuller than ever, and
in every sense the best paper in the reach
le ofthe- Southeast.
- --tM $, 3 Months $2.50.
THE WEEKLY tON TIT
starts the new year with 13,00 subscribers
who pronounce it the largest, best and
cheapest paper within their reach.
It consists of 8, 10 or 12 pages (as the de
inand of its business or the news may dl
ret) filled with matter of the greatest 'iter
est to the rarmer.
AT LESS TIIAN 3 CENTS A WEEK
th is great budget of news and gossip will be
sent to your fireside to entertain every
member of your household,
One Year.........................$1 50
Six Months....... ............... 100
In Clubs of Ten, each.........1 25
In Clubs of Twenty, each...... 1 00
With an extra paper to the getter up of
the Club.
TIlE YEAR OF 1881.
will be one of the most important in our
history. A President, Congressmen, Sena
tors, Governor, Legislature-are all to be
elected.
Very important Issues are to be tried in
the National and State elections. The Con
stitution in its daily or weekly edition will
carry the fullest and freshest news in best
shape to the public, and will stand as an
earnest champion of Democratic principles.
Address, TUE CONSTITUTIO .
"No lady can get on without it."
Detroit (Mich.) Adrertiser.
U-CHEAPEST AND BEST..
PETROA'S M&ZIA&.
Splendid Premiums for Getting up Clubs.
Illustrated "Gold Gift." Large-Size Steel.
Engraving. Extra Copy for 1881.
FULL-SIZE PAPER PATTERNS,
U-A Supplement will be given in every
number for 1884. containing a full-size pat
tern for a lady's or child's dress. Every
subscriber will receive, during the year,
t welve of these patterns-worth more, alone,
than the subscription-price..&*
PETRniSON's MAGAzINE is the best and
cheaspestof thielady's-books. It gives more
.for the money, and combines greater mer
its, than any other. In shart, it has the
Rtest Steel Engravings, Best Original stories,
Best Colored Fashions, Best Work- rable
Patterns, Best Dress-Patterna, Best Music,
Etc., Etc.
Its immense circulation and 'ong-estab
lished reputation enable its yroprietor to
d istance all competition. Its estort7es, novel-{
ets, etc., are adlmited to be the best pub
lished. All the most popuiAr'female writers
c-ontribute to It. In 1884, more than 100
orieinal stories will be given, besides SIX I
UOP'YRIGHIT NOVELET-by Ann S. Steph
enxs, Mary V. Spencer, Frank Lee Benedict,
Lucy H. Hooper, the author o1 "Josiah
Allen's Wite,'. and the author of "The dee
ond Life."
0OW0ED STEE IISillON -PLATES.
PETERSON" is the only magazine tha.t
gives these. They are TWICE THLE Ust-AL
S,zs, and are unequaled for beauty. Also,
Hlousehold, Cookery, and other receipts ;
a rticles on Art Embroidery, Flower Culture,
House l>ecoration-in short, everything in
teresting to ladies.
TERMS, ALWAYS IN ADVANCE, S2,00A YEAR.
WUNP'AIA LLELED OFFEas TO CLUBs..W
2 Copies for $3.50, 3 for $1.50 With a superb
I llustra.ted Volumue: "-The Golden Gift," or a
large-size costly steel engraving, "Tired
Out," for getting up the Club.
4 Copies for $6.50, 6 for $9 00. With an ex
tra copy of tihe Magazine for 18, as a premi
m,. to t he person getting up the Club.
5 C' pies for $8.00. 7 for $10.50. W ith both
an ettra copy o1 the Magazine for l88I, and
-lte "Golden Gilt," or the large steel-en
graving. "Tired Out," to t he person getting
up the Club.
For Larger Clubs Greater Indueement!
Address, post- paid.
CiIARtLES J. PETERSON,
3i06 Chestnut St.. Philadelphia, Pa.
5jSpecimens sent gratis, if written for I
to get up clubs w ith. 4:-t1.
Wen Lovel Woman!
Smiles we naturally look for that
row of pearls so fitting to fair features,
how often we are disappointed every
one knows. Thlose brown stais and
tartfr deposits cant be removed with
out injur-y to the teeth by using
WVood's Odentine which does
its wor-k harmlessly and effectually.
Try It at once 25c. a box.
W. C. FISHER,
Whtolesale Agent, Columbia. S. C.
For sale ini Newberry. Mar. 17 tf.
M._FOOT
Offers Extra Bargains !
You will Save Money.
By boying from his
Fall and Winter selected stock of
Boots, Shoes,
Clothing, Trunks,
Hats, Notions,
Groceries, &c.
42-tf
fo the working class. Send 10
cents for postage, andi we wil
mIllIlail you irec, a royal, valuable
box of sample goods that will put
y,ou In the way o1 making more money in a
few days than you thought possible at any
business. Capital not required. We will 1
start you. You can work all the spare,
time only. The work is universally adapted
to both sexes, young and 01(d. You can easily,
earn 50 cents to $5 every evening. That all
who want work may test the business, wa
miako this unpnralleled offer ; to all who
are not well satisfied we wil! send $1 to pay
for the trouble of writirng us. Full particu
lars, dlirections. etc.. sent free. Fortunes
will be made by those who give their whole
tinie to the work. Great success absolutely I
sure. Don't delay. Start now- Addressi
Stilson & Co., Portland, Main.
&ov22-1y
TH-E EVENING
Chronidle and Constituljalsl,
Augusta, Ga.,
--AND THE
NEWBERRY HERALD
will he inrnishedl for 15S1 at $7 00
The EvNING CHRONiCLE AND CONSTrU
T!oNA LIST is the largest and cheapest Daily
newspa per- in the South. It contns eight
thonsa.nd words of telegraph per day from the
Newv 'Yo:k Associated Pre's. This service is
supplemented by fulL special from Atlanta,
CoinumIa and W ashitton. As a newsnaper,
the CuaoNICLE is one of the best in the
south. It snewsy proresie eiable and
The Euperor Lous lan: ole
oily .be ,i-et cig r, t_he warid could no
duce. Pro'. Hfor'ford aye the Emuperors
dcgars were im:ade rpec.iully for him in ha.
vana from le:i ts>baceo growu in the Golden
Belt of North Caroliua. thir being the fiaest
leaf grown. Blackwcll'e Bull Durham
Smokin- Tobacco ie m,ade from the sa:ne
leaf uL-ecl in the E 'etor'. cigar.t. is alb o
lately pure and s~ ,unquest.o?ibly the best
tobacco ever o:icr.JL
Thackeray's gifted daughter. Anne. in
her sketch of Alfred Tennyson. in H1rper's
ronh.i, tau, 4-f her visit to the great poet.
She found him s:nokingt Blackwell's Bull
^'e an ' fijuby lcn. Jaies
Russell Lowe1 A merican li:itteri t
Court of St. Janes.
In these days of adulteration it i a con
fert to smokers to know that the Dull Dur.
ham brnd is abso lutely pure, and nade
frntu th. ;et tol.ucco the world pr' duc c.
Blackwell' Boll Durham Smoking To.
bacco is the ,cat and purest made. All
dealers have it. No:e cenuino without
tie trule-aa: of tie Bull.
Send me
$75..O0
Or deposit that amount with H. F.
DUTTON & CO., Bankers, Gaines
ville, Fla., subject to my order, and
[ will return to you a U. S. Gov
erulnent Title to
_ __ ACRES of good
Florida LAND,
NO SWAMP.
Each entry personally inspected.
Refer to Rev. J. A. Sligh, and
WVheeler & Mosely, Prosperity, S.
S. P. SLIGH,
Sligh, Sumter Co.,
Florida.
May 22-tf
ReteHeas,
3irculars, Invitations,
Hand Bills, Dodgers
:ards, Rleceipts, Blank
Forms,
ind is short anything in the line of
>rinting which may be called for; 1
~uarantee the utmost satisfaction, both
is regatrds the
ud the Fres
:have In stock a fine assortment of
wVedding, Ball and Invitation Paper,
lards and Envelopes.
Give me a call and see for yourself.
T. ED GRENEKER.
AN OLD FACE
-IN A NEW PLACE.
I hlave moved into the store next
loor to M. Foot whlere I hlave a variety
tore.
-I have in stock
louir, Meal, Bacon. Sugar, Coffee,
sreen and Blatck Tea, Grits, Rice,
hard, Maekerel. IIerrings, Cheese, Ten
lessee Btutter, Eggs, A pples, Oranges,
white Wine and Cider Vinegar cheap.
:also have a large stock of Can goods.
[he Spoon in Can Baking Powder.
soap, Starch, Candles, Cigars, Chew
ng and Smoking Tobacco. I propose
o keiep tile best goods that I can get
mfd will always sttudy the interests of
ny patrons and g've themn full weight
mnd measure and sell cheap and only
or Cash.
Mr. A. D. Lovelace is with me and
vill be happy to see his friends and
hle public generally.
B. H. Lovelace,
iuimwwanted for The Lives of all
iIIl~I~ Presidents of the U. S. The
r~IuIl~I)lrgst. handsomest best
bokever sold for less than
wlee our price. The fastest selling book
n America. immense profits to agents.
Ull intelligent people 'want it. Any one
~ eom a sce sl agent. Term fre
Nov 22-ly
rhe Great Events of History in One Volume
)F THE WORLD. By CAFT KING,U. S.A.
HISTORY FROM THE BATTLE FIELD.
Shows how nations have been made or de
troyed In a day--How Fame or Disaster
2as turned on a single contest. A Grand
Book for Old or Young-Saves Time-Aids
'he Memory--Gives Pleasure and Instruction
-Maps and Fine Illustrations.
AGENTS WANTED EVERYWHERE.
Send for ful! description and terms. A ddrees:
J. C. McCURDY & Co., Palladelphla
THE SILVElt LINING.
There's never a day so sunny
But a little cloud appears,
There's never a life so happy
But has had Its time of tears;
Yet the the sun shines out the brighti
When the stormy tempe-t clears.
There's never a garden growing
With roses in every plot;
There's never a heart so hardened
But it has one tender spot;
We have only to prune tue border
To find the forget inc not.
There's never a cup so ple:lsa::t
But has bitter with the sweet;
There's never a path so rugged
That bears not the printts of feet:
And we have a Helper prouised
For the trials we may meet.
There's never a sun that rises
But we;know 'twill set at night
The tints that gleam in the morning
At the evening are just as bright;
And the hour that is the sweetest
Is between the dark and liglit.
There's never a dream that's happy
Bat the waking makes us sad;
There's never a dream of sorrow
But the waking makes us glad
We shall look some lay with wondc
At the troubles we have had.
There's never a way so narrow
But the entrance is made straight;
There's always a guide to point us
To the "little wicket gate;"
And the angels will be nearer
To a soul that is desolate.
There's never a heart so haughty
But will some (lay bow and kneel
There's never a heart so wounded
That the Savior cannot heal;
There's many a lowly forehead
That is bearing the hidden seal.
NOW AND TIIEN1
BILL ARPS SOLILOQUISES oN TIJ
PROGRESS OF INVENTION.
I have seen the cotton picker
Confidence is a plant of slow growth
I remember that when the news
papers first began to tell us abou
a sewing machine that Elias Howi
had invented that would do as muel
work in a day as a hundred womei
with their needles I was incredulout
and I was indignant. I did'ent be
lieve that a machine could imitatf
the nimble, delicate hands, and I
felt like I did'ent want it to do i
nohow. My good mother had beeI
sewing for me years and years, ani
when she finished for her darling
son, a nice pleated bosom shirt,]
was proud of the shirt too. Bu
time rolled on and the Grover d
Baker machine got to circulatin
around, and I found out that it wa!
a good thing and would save a pow
er of work, and so i bought one foi
my wife without any premonition
What a beautiful seamtress 8114
was.
How nicely did she manipulati
the needle and how dearly I loved
to sit by and see her make stitcl
after stitch on the muslin or calic<
or them other garments and thing!
that women and children and in
fants had to wear. We have has
infants at our house, various in
fants, and it has been a world o
work to keep 'em agoing and stoj
'em from squalling, but still ther4
has been pleasure in it. My good
wife took it all naturally and liki
a maternal heroine as she is.
thought it was right funny for
while, but the fun wore off and
settled down to business. We havi
raised children by the dozen and b~
the cord but we have never had on
come to our house that was'ent wel
come, for they always come decent
ly and in good order, and they hayi
grown up to be good boys and bet
ter girls and gladden our heart:
with their presence. But I hav<
got off the track of my thoughts
I have seen the cotton picker and:
want to tell you about it.
Now I dident believe that an;
machine could take the place o
human fingers in sewing and jus
so I have been incredulous abou
this cotton picking business. Th,
truth is I made sport of it and tol<
our folks that it was impossible, ul
terly impossible, for no machin
could see, it dident have eyes an<
couldn't find the boIls and some o
the bolls were half open and som
two-thirds and some hung dowm
and some stood up and some oper
ed east and some opened west ani
some one way and some aniothe
and so I had no faith, not a bit.
While here at Sumpter I was it
vited to walk out to Mr. Mason
workshop and I went. Mr. Maso
is a bright, intelligent man &bot
thirty years old. He loves con
pany and loves to talk and will la
down bis tools and tell you ever)
thing he knows, I dont suppose bi
has any secrets from anybody, n
dors lnocked, no private rnnm, n
hiding place for his wonderful work.
He shows you everything and tels
you what he thinks of doing that he
has not done. He gave me one of
the little revolving tubes that picks
the cotton from the bolls. It is
seven inches long and about 1 1-4
inches in diameter. This little
thing is the invention. All the
rest of the contrivance is to put it
'r in motion. Four dozen of them
will be working at once on a cotton
stock and if there is any cotton
open they will find it. There are
two upright cylinders three feet
high that straddle a cottoa row lik
a sulky plow straddles a row o
- these little tubs revolve
e1 au ; lyinders. They
horizontally in tcte . y..
turned rounl and round r..) G
The cylinders revolve on their axis
and these tubes revolve on theira as
they follow the cylinders round and
round. They are sure to touch every
boll and if the cotton has opened
and swells out a fraction of an inch
the little delicate points of the
pickers get it and roll it all out in
an instant and by a reversed motion
unload it on a platform and from
there it is carried up and put in a
sack and packed until it is full.
Horse power pults the machine
along the row. The machine weighs
three hundred pounds. Some of
them are made for three feet cotton
and some for four and some for
r five, I saw the little spindles set to
work on cotton holls half opened
anz they left nothing, and yet they
will revolve in your hand and not
hurt you or prick you. There are
300 sharp points in each spindle.
They are just under the surface and
will catch the lint but not catch
your flesh or the leaves or the stems.
The imperfect machine of last year
picked 300 pounds an hour. The
perfect machine which he has now
is expected to pick 600 pounds an
hour. Mr. Masob has his own ma
chinery, makes his own lathe and
his dies and stamps and wheels and
everything. He is backed by cap.
ital unlimited and has refused a
million of dollars that was offered
him. He is making large machines
for Texas and Arkansas and smal
ler ones for the eastern states.
II is plan is to charge a royalty and
let the machines he made anywhere.
It is a thing of life and sense and
does just what you tell it to do.
When the cotton is well open for
the first picking it goes along and
picks it and then you wait for the
- next picking. It takes in no dead
- leaves, nothing but cotton. Now
he has a gin that operates on the
same principle. These little pick.
ers have expanded into a cylinder
as long as the shaft and as large
round as a gin saw and they catch
the lint and a-i iron bar keeps the
seed from following the lint and
forces them back. The lint is not
cut or torn. He is using a Wine
ship frame, taking out the saws and
and putting his cylinder in their
place. It gins twice as fast as the
saws and there is no danger to
hands or arms, I put my open hand
on the cylinder w h'le it was making
2,000 revolutions a minute. He
dropped a hiandful! of single nails
in the opening and! they were carried
through in an instant and did no
harm. Experts f om northern tac
tories say the lint is worth ten per
cent more than lint cut by the old
method.
I was ruminating over this new
mode of picking cotton, and to my
mind it is going to work a revolution
in our farming. In the first place
a poor man can't buy one. In the
next place he can't afford to give
fifty cents a hundred for picking
when his nabor, who has got a ma.
chine can pick his for ten cents a
hundred or less. Then again the
machine wont work well on rough
or hilly land, and so that kind of
land will have to be planted in
something else.
So I take it that poor folks and
poor land will have to quit cotton
and that will be a blessing. It
may be, however, that some inter.
prising fellers will buy a machine
and go about the settlement picking
for the farmer jnst like they go
about now threshing their wheat.
What will become of the nigger
women and children in cotton time,
I dont know; maybe we can hire
them to cook and wash after a while
when they cant get anything else to
do. I hope so.
Sumter is a good old town; the
best shaded town I know of; elms
Sand water oaks everywhere, and
Slonely cottage homes set back in
spacious lots andi surrounded with
shade and beautiful flowers, and
the sweetest girls sitting in the
Sbroad piazzas, and the prettiest
children playing in the grass, and
the good people are so hospitable
and homelike and the preachers so
Sgentle and kind, and have such good
Seating, and our jolly landlord of the
Jervey house so merry and enter
r taining. There is no chance to be
blue or homesick in Sumter, I nev
er passed two days more pleasant
s ly and had rather make an annual
pilgrimage here than anywhere I
thave been. The best prospect for a
coming crop that 1 have seen, is
Y here. The cotton is splendid and
e the dorn high and heavily eared all
Stihe way to Manning, which is an
rn other lovely town. thongh not so
broken heart, not because tie ost
the Presidency, but his son, Henry
Clay, Jr., was his father's idol. lie
was sent to West Point, where he
graduated second in the class
After four months in the army he
resigned and began practicing law
in Lexington, living with his father
at Ashland. Not a young man in
Kentucky promised better things
than he did. When the Mcxican
war b.oke out he was determined
to go. His father make no objec
tion and he went as Lieutenant
Colonel of the first Kentucky regi
ment. At the battle of Buena Vis
ta, Santa Anna, with 3-2.0 troops,
nearly overwhelmed General Tay
lor, with about one eighth of that
numbcr. Clay fought hard. but, as
his regiment was falling back, a
shot went through both legs. He
was not mortally wounded and three
_ m"n pickel him up to convey hin
on . .. soon became cvi
t.v,1:.:n.lt. ~ -- ould over
ofT the l .'
(lent that the Mexicans a
take them. "Save yours tCe;1
boys," he said, and taking the pis
tol which his father had given him,
he banded it to one of the men with
the words, "Take this and return it
to my father. Tell him I have no
further use for it.'' With that they
dropped him and ran after the re
treating troops. The last they saw
of Clay he was lying on his back,
fighting a squad of Mexicans with
his sword. Next morning his body
was found, hacked to pieces and
mutilated by the cowards who had
killed him. The pistol came to his
father, then a Senator, and, though
he lived several years after, I am
convinced that he died from the
blow.
PEOPLE WHO NEVER EAT
BREAD.
There are civilized nations a large
proportion of whose peasantry eat
little or no bread. Baked loves of
bread are unknown in many parts
)f South Austria and of Italy
md throughout the agricultural dis
ricts of lRoumania. In the villages
>f the Obersteiermark, not very
many miles from Vienna, bread is
ever seen, the staple food of the
)eople being sterz, a kind .f por
-idge made from grtund beech
"Its, which is taken at breakfast
ith fresh of curdled milk, at dinl
ier with broth or with fried lard, and
vith milk again for supper. This
terz is also known as heiden, and
akes the place of bread riot only
n the Steiermark, but in Carinthia
Lndi in many parts of the Tyrol.
n the north of Italy the peasantry
ive cbiefly on polenta, a porridge
nade of boiled maize. The polen
a. however, is not allowed to gran
date ike Scotch porridge or like
,he Austrian sterz, but is boiled in
o a solid pudding, which is cut up
nd portioned out with a string.
t is eaten cold as often as hot,
nd is in every sense the Italian
>easant's daily bread. The modern
oumanians are held by many
cholars to be descended from a
Roman Colony, in other words to
e the cousins of the Italians; and,
:uriously enough, a v-ariation of the
yolenta called mamaliga in the na
ional dish of Rot'mania. The
nanaliga is like the polenta in that
t is made of boiled maze, but it is
mnlike the latter in one important
'espect, as the grains are not allow
d to settle into a solid mass, but
ire kept distinct, after the fashion
if oatmeal porridge.
GE0RGIE AND TilE GEESE.
"Georgie, do you want to go to
,be orchard with me while I hang
up the clothes?"
"Oh yes, yes, yes, Barbie," said
3eorgie, claipping his hands. He
was always glad to go to the orch
ird with some one; but lhe was
ifraid to go alone, he was such a
ittle fellow. He felt sure Barbie
would take just as good care of!
aim as mamma always did; but
when the clothes were hung up,
arbie went to the house without
aying a word to Georgie.
TI'e little boy very soon found
hat he was alone, and set up a loud
:ry This drew the attention of a
lock of geese, who were nibbling
rass near by, and they all came
round him. No doubt they won
:ered what small thing it. was that
tood so still and made such a noise
It couldn't be a goose, though
eorgie was not much bigger than
goose, and, you may think, acted
inch like one. Was it something
ood to eat?
They quacked to cach other thesej
guestions, and then begin to nib
ble his fingers. Georgie's eriec
grew louder and his tears fell fas-j
ter, and oh, how far away the houase~
seemed, and there were no windows
looking out upon the orchard! He
would run, but he was afraid thme
geese would knock him down with
their wings. If he stood still be
was afraid they would eat him up,
and mamma would never know
where her little boy had gone to.
Oh he must get home to mamma;
and giving one great, big, frighten
ed yell, he started and r,an. expect
ing the next moment to feel the
trng white wingsbhating him to
old or so large as Sumter. These
people go slow but they go sure and
live happy and content. They show
content and leisure in their form
and feature, in their walk and con
versation. They are not in a hur
ry. They have time to talk to
you. They love their state and
their town and their people. They
stand up to their preachers and
their statesman. Their boys are
sober and diligent and manly, and
their girls are modest. I wish
the boys and girls were so every
where, but they are not. I was in
a town not long ago and a good
man told me he had but one daugh
ter, and there was not a young man
in the town he was willing for her
to marry, for they all drink on the
:t.- and had no good principles to
'e were ..iThen I heard a young
N a Co. C; w lie did
back them.'- reunr1i:I.- ..
man in another wt,< iA.,V ' ,turb
not marry because lie could Ira
afford to, for the best girl did noth
ing but dress and visit, and he was
afraid to marry one of them. Well
that is bad and sad, aint it? But
maybe the picture is overdrawn,
I hope so. One thing I know,
The hope of the nation and its sal
vation in these small, unpretending
towns and the good farming country
that supports them. The young
folks are not afraid to marry there,
and they do marry and go to work
and live happily and humble and
do not strain to keep up with soci
ety ! Fashionable, hypocritical so
ciety. I know of no greater curse
to any land or people. I wish every
young man when he marries had
the courage to say to his society
friends, "Now, see here, we have
started out with small capital and
can't follow you. When you are
sick I will nurse you, when you die
I will help dig the grave and bury
you, but don't you try to troll my
wife off into your entravagant no
tions and your society ways."
BILL ARP.
SEVENTY YEARS OF PRO
GRE.s.
3R. BEECHER GIVES TIE BAPTIST
CONFERENCES SOME MEMORIES OF
HIS LIFE.
At the Baptist Conference held I
in New York, Henry Ward Beech
er said :
"During my journey from Am.
herst to Boston, after graduating
and while on my way to Ohio, the
driver on the stage pointed out to
me a bank of earth, and said:
'That's a railroad, I guess they call
it.' That was the Boston and Wor.
cester Railway, and it was the first
I believe, with the exception o.f a
small railway between Quincy and
Boston, that had ever been construe
ted. It took me ten days to go
from New York to Cincinnati. It
rode from Albany to Schenectady
'with Martan Van Buren, and as
soon as it was known that we were
on board we were saluted with sal
vos of artillery from every place1
that we passed, and that will ac
count for tbe fact that I have been
making a noise ever since.
"Looking at our railway system
for hundreds and thousands of
miles, I think t;.at this iron road I
has ben, under God the means of
changing the civilization of this
country, both socially and politi
cally, and it has had great influence
aside from its other associations
in war and in peace,
"The most important applications
of steam have been in my time,
and to day the rivers are miserable
democrats, looked down upon by
the aristocratic steam road every.
where. Then the whole telegraphic
system has been in my day, and the
telephone, which I don't yet believe
in. Although faith is the evidence
of things not seen, things heard and
not seen require more faith. Then
the development of the electrical
machinery, which has been the post
boy over land and under the sea,
and is now coming to bring light
everywhere. Then I was in col
lege and had some love letter to
write, I could write on a sheet as
big as a newspaper, but if I put in
a bit of paper as large as my little
fnger they charged me double
price. It was first 25 cents, then.
18 3-4 cents, then 12 1.2 cents, and
it was a great triumph when we
could send a letter for 10 cents or
five cents. So I have seen the pro
blem of cheap postage solved in
my time.
"The discoveries of Daguerre
have been of,great benefit in science
and art. In my own case I don't
know whether, from the represen
tations of my own face taken when:
a boy, I am glad or not, but I
would give all I am worth if the dis
covery had been made in my moth
er's time. Every minister should
preach to his congregation that it
is their duty to have the photograph
of each child taken once a year un
til it is twenty one, and, then the
children will take care of the matter
themselves-"
H ENRY CLAY'S HEROIC SON.
"Do you know what killed Henry
Clay?" my gemial Kentucky story
teller asked me the other day. '-If
not, I will tell you. He died of a~
LnJe lVuut1; il av'L uw" b' -
prise the geese made no objections
to his going, and he was soon
showing h:s bleeding fingers to
mamma and telling the story of his
wonderful escape. Mamma listen
ed, and kissed the little finger-tips
and bound thu up carefully. She
rocked her little boy in her arms
and sang t him. The geese in the
orchard went on quietly nibbling
the grass. They had forgotten all
about him.
THE nEN AND THE PIG.
A few days ago two men, who
were afterward found to be Detroi
ters, arrive1 in a town about fifty
miles to the west of this, lea ling a
pig. It was perhaps big enough
and heavy enough to be called a
hog, but they termed it a pig. and
as they turned' it over to the care
of the landlord at whose inn they
proposed to rest for the night, one of
Gj n-igrr?yplained
-ful with that pig
a IClobncV. On t,- ist fron
the mnenii:- j 027 67.10-1(
"Be awful camo.ny
IIe's a daisy-a new breou y
Scotland. We've sold him 0t1!
farmer out here for $50, and we
don't want anything-to happen to
him.
The landlord took the pig up, and
then began to think and cogitate
and snspect. When the strangers
had gone to bed he called in some
of the boys, and said :
'-I've twigged the racket. them
two fel ows are sharpers, and that's
a guessing pig. To-morrow they
will give you a chance to guess at
his weight at ten cents a guess, and
you'll be cleaned out -only you
won't. As the fellows sleep we
will weigh the pig and beat their
game."
Nobody slept until the pig was
taken over to the scales and weighed.
lie pulled down 170 pounds to a
hair, and the villagers went home
and hunted up their nickels and
dreamed of pigs and scales and
sharphrs throug the remainder of
niglt.
Next morning the pig was led
around in front, and, before starting
off on his journey, one of the owners
remarked to the assernbled crowd:
"Gentlemen, I'm going to weigh
this pig directly. Maybe some of
you would like to guess on his
weight? I'll take all guesses a, t.'n
cents each, and who ever hits it gets
fifty cents."
This provoked a large and select
ed stock of winks and smiles, but,
no one walked up until the pigman
said that any person could guess
as many times as he cared to, pro
vided a dime accompanied each
guess. Then a rush set in. Three
or four merchants put up fifty
guesses each. A justice of the peace
took thirty. A lawyer said about.
twenty would do for him. Before
there was any let up in the guessing
about 600 had been registered and
paid for. Every soul of 'em guess
ed at 1'70 pounds. It was curious
what unanimity there was in the
guessing, but the pig men didn't
seem to notice it. Whben all had
been given a chance the pig was
led to the scales, and 10o! his weight
was exactly 174 pounds.!
-'You see grentlemen," explained
the spokesman, "while this animal
only weighs 170 pounds along about
11 o'clock at night, we feed him
about five pounds of corn meal in
the morning before weighing ! You
forgot to take this matter into con
sideration !'
Then somebody kicked the land
lord, and he kicked the justice, and
the justice kicked a merchant, and
when the pig men looked back
from a distant hill the whole town
was out kicking itself and throw
ing empty wallets into the river.
[Detroit Free .Press.
BARTLEY CAMPELL-While in
conversation with a geiltieman who
claims to have known BartleyCamp
bell from boyhood, he told the fol
lowing story of how the now fam
ous dramatist came to take up jour
nalism and play writing :
"-Bartley and I were working to
gether in a brickyard near Pittsburg
both at the same bench. One or
tne helpers had just bought a
fresh load of clay and deposited it
on the bench in front of us. Bart
ey took up a handful of cold, moist
earth and commenced to woik it in
his hands. Presently he stopped
and seemed lost in thought. All
at once he dashed the clay he was
working down on the heap and look
ing at me, said : 'If ever I mould
another handful of clay may the life
be squeezed out of me,' and going
to where his coat hung on a nail
he took it down, pnt it on, and
started down hill. '-Hold on Bart
ley,' said I, 'If you're going to quit,
I quit too, and I took my coat and
followed him. We went to the boss
and got our pay, and that afternoon
started for Pittsburg, where he ob
taned a position oa one of the pa
pers. I need not add that he never
went back to brick-making.
A London scientist says that the
eye of the toad cannot surpass in
luster and beauty the eye of the
flea. WVe are willing to take his
word for it. We know nothing
habnt ithea.-Philasdenpkia CalL
ADVEETI ES.
Advertisements inserted at the rate c f
$1.00 per square (one inch) for first insertiot ,
and 50 cents for each subsequent iuscrtio i .
Double column advertisements ten per cen'.
on above.
Notte of meetings, obituaries and tribut s.
of tespect, same rates per tquare as ordina y
advertisements.
Special Notices in Local column 15 ce t
per line.
Advertisements not marked with the nnm -
her of insertions will be kept in till forbid
.tnd charged accordingly.
Special contracts made with large adver
ti4ers. with liberal deductions on above rates
JOB PRI.TI"
DONE WITH NEATNESS AND DISPAT(H
TERMS CASH.
THE DEMOCRATIC COMMIITTEE.
AN iMI'OtTANT MEETING IN ALBA
NY-A REPORT ON ORGANIZA
TION AD)PTED BUT KEPT
SECRET.
ALBANY. N. Y., July 29.-The
National Democratic committee
met at the )elavan House and was
called to order by Secretary Prince
in the absence of Chairman Bar
num. John S. Barbour, of Virginia,
was chosen chairman protem. The
roll call showed representatives
present from all the States antd Ter
ritories except the States of Connec
ticut, Maryland, Kentucky, Michi
gan, Nevada and the Territories
of Dakota, New Mexico, Utah and
W oyoming, The proceedings of the
meeting of July 24 were approved
Capt. F. W. Dawson, of South.
Carolina, on behalf of the commit
tee on organization, made a report
which was adopted, but the com
tnittee d cided not to publish it at
present, the matter being left in
abeyance with the chairman and
secretary who will decide what por
an , shall be given to the
ful perusa malley, of
pto thitnkin-, New
newspaers. leces, an
On motion of .- Dry
Vermont, Chas. J. Canda,
York, was re elected treasurer. U,
motion of Capt. Dan son, of South
Carolina. Edward B. Dickinson, of
New York, was unanimously re-ap
pointed Stenographer.
Mr. Thompson, of New York, on
behalf of the committee on head
quarters, report< d progress and ask
ed permission to make his final re
port to the executive committee:
when it meets in New York. The
following were named as the execu
tive committee: Win. H. Barnum
Connecticut, ex.officio; A. P. Gor
man, Maryland; M. W. Ransom,
North Carolina; B. F. Jones, Louis
iana; Hubert 0. Thompson, New
York; W. A. Wallace, Pennsylva
nia; John S. Barbour, Virginia; W.
F. Vilas, Wisconsin; Austin H.
Brown, Indiana; M. M. H1am, Iowa;
H. D. McHienry, Kentucky; P. 11.
Kelley, Minnesota; Bradley B.
Smaley, Vermont; A. W. Sulloway,
New Hampshire; F. W.. Dawson,
South Carolina; W. W. Armstrong,
Ohio; Mi:es Ross, New Jersey; S.
Corning Judd, Illinois; J. B. Barna
by, Rhode .lsland, and John G.
Prather, Missouri.
The committee adjourned to
meet at the Delscvan House at 3 P.
M., to accompany the notification
comnittee to the Executive cham
ber. During the meeting an effort
was made to have the report of the
committee on organization given to
the newspapers, but it was voted
down. The execntive committee
will meet in New York on Thursday
of this week.
SPARTANBURGC AND ASH VILLE
THE FORTHCOMING COMPLETION OF
THE MIsSING LINK-'AUSEs OF
THE DELAY.
Corre pondence otf no NLWS and Courier.
NEW YORK, July 27.-Co.ning
through North Carolina the other
day I met President Andrews, of
the Western North Carolina Rail
road, the line which is now in oper
ation from Salisbury to Waynesville,
and Warm Springs, and to a point
nearly thirty miles west of Waynes
ville on the Ducktown branch. The
engineering difficulties were im
mense, but the worst of them have
been overcome and, by September
1 more than thirty additional miles
of road beyond Waynesville will
have been constructed in accor
dance with the agreement with the
State.
The obligation to build .a given
number of miles of' road west of
Waynesville by September 1, is, I
am informed, th2 immediate cause
of the hitherto unaccountable delay
in building the railroad from Hen
drsonvile to Asheville, which, with
the exception of a few miles, is
graded and ready for the ties. It is
intendd to operate th,e Spartan- g
bug and Ashville Railror.d as a part
of the Western North Carolina
Railroad, and Col. Andrews hopes
to begin work upon it this fall.
There would not be so much loss of
time, but for the imperative ne
cessity of concentrating all the
available force, this summer, on the
Ducktown branch.
When completed, the Spartanburg
and Asheville Railroad will give us
a short line to the West, via Mor
ristown, Knoxville andI Jellico, be
sides shortening considerably the
distance by rail between the sum
mer resorts in Western North Car
olina and t he summer and winter re
sorts at Charleston and on the South
Atlantic coast.
The failure to build the line from
Ienderson to Asheville has caused
much dissatisfaction, and it is pro
posed to ask the Legislature of
North Carolina, this winter, to re
pea the charter of the road. Such
measures, it is hoped, will be ren
dered unnecessary by the construe
tion of t.he road during next fall and ~
winter. F. W. D.
A Burlington mani calls his dlog

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