?1? '<-j" ? ^r<|inminnam>Ba?CMP??
ESCAPE OF JAMES BROW N.
Tills man who was sentenced to be
hung on the 13th of July next, and who
wan remanded to prison to aw ; tho period
of expiating his offences, contrived to
escape from the custody of the Sheriff of
Kershaw, who had him in charge and is
now again at large.
A motion in arrest of Judgment had
* L.- 1! r, . . - -
uwi? mew uy ma counsel, Maj. John
Smart, who pressed his objections to the
original verdict \ipon the Court with great
energy and power.?Me contested every
inch of ground, and was sustained in the
main ground of his appeal by Judge Richardson,
who delivered a dissenting opinion
lo the judgment of the Court?but
his efforts to save his client were in vain.
Nothing but the terrible weight of the
testimony could linve buttled tlie unflagging
energies nnd resources of his conn- <
The circumstances sis we have obtained
them are briefly these : The Sheriff with
Brown in charge left on the enrs Tuesday
for Camden, having the prisoner's hands
handcuffed, but leaving his legs unbound.
He placed him in the bafffjage car, him- i
ecu uueupying a position at the door to j
prevent his escaping that way.?When <
the cars had reached the Wateree swamp,
and wore passing over the trestle-work,
the prisoner at the hazard of his life suddenly
leaped out, and before the curs
could be stopped and backed to the place,
had made good his escape.
Every effort, we understand, was im
' * * '
uiiiuu 10 re-capture 111m, but (
unsuccessfully, ns far as we have heard?
nor is it very likely that he -will be caught, j
His Honor who passe 1 sentence upon (
him in his eloquent and impressive remarks.
told him that ho had now brought
himself to a pass "where the swiftness of
his feet could not save him"?but Brown
appears to have thought differently, and , j
established his point. lie is a mass of f
great physical power, firmness and au- i t
uacity, and will bo hard to caieh, if lie : j,
has contrived to rid himself of his hand- j .
The news creatcd quite a sensation here,
and one counsel telegraphed another to c
Camden in the following terms: .
"I hear Brown has made a successful
motion in arrest of judgement: is it true ?"
To which this reply was promptly refljrnorl
wv? rr 11 CO
"It is true : Brown has given the conn- 0
try leg-bail?but his motion may yet be ^
-i~ fn^ niatte^ is, ? a""serious one, and we
liopcr ftial tne imputation of levity will
not be cast upon us for making light of it;
but we are among tnose who think that
the woiist roskini.e use to put a man to,
is to hang him. Society should punish
its crvinjr children bv anv other moihnrl
than the death-punishment. He who
gave life, alone has the right (in our judgment)
to take it away.?Telegraph.
NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA.
In some parts of Mexico whole towns
V^ycrc deserted by the men, who are rushto
California. Their wives and chiltrcn
were left to the tender mercies of
fjpie Indians. From Valparaiso and the
.djacent parts there was the same onward
vrush to the golden land. Nearly all the
merchants were prcDarincr to emigrate.
M A O O
A weekly paper called the "Placer
Times," i9 soon to be published at Sacramento.
It is to give accurate information
in relation to the mines. Sacramento has
grown very rapidly and contains many
Plans were on foot to establish a regular
line of mails through California.
In the port of San Francisco there
were eighty vessels, which number was
daily augmenting by new arrivals.
The town of San Francisco was under
great excitement, which rn*r>
that were afloat that the military were
preparing to attack it, and that Gen.
Smith had abolished all measures of safely
taken by the legislature. The alcado
and all the council of the town wore displaced
by justices of peace and police officers.
The disorder which reigns in all
branches of the administration is attributed
to the conduct of the late governor
'PllA VDnArUn AP " A n * "
ui nnj vviui uaiuornia,"
hays he has seen a piece of gold found in
the river Stanilaus, by a man of the name
of Weber, weighing 78 ounces and valued
at %1,2-18.?Mobile Tribune.
Lieut. Beall remained but a few days j
at San Francisco, but took time to look
around him at the condition of the country.
The rage for gold, like the rod of
Aaron, had swallowed un all
*- ?- fusions.
The inhabitants would not oven
take time to crect for themselvos the necessary
edifices, but were residing in tents,
and shantces hastily erected. The cx*
i ?v tent of the Geld Region cannot bo defined,
j I It haa already been found to cover a territory
more than a hundred and fifty miles
in length, andfiom fifty to sixty in breadth.
The precious metal is discovered in a perfectly
pure suite in the beds of the
? streams, and in the bilk and plains adja//
cent. U is found in small particles or |
(/ ^ ...
ui?*?vcj? in me waier, mingled with sand,
'/ which has only to be washed aVay to
1 | leavo a residue of fine gold ; and in the
ff "dry diggins" it. exists in solid lumps,
some weighing eight or ten pounds, which I
y ars dug up with pick aics and spades. I
f. \ w*
The laborers generally prcfor working in
the streams, as the other method is the
most laborious. Every laborer can certainly
secure, each day, at least twenty
dollars' worth of the metal, while those
who arc fortunate frequently make from
ori<? to two hundred dollars.
Lieut. Benll showed us specimens of
gold he had procured in tho Country, of
both varieties in particles and tbc lump.
One specimen was well calculated to
make the eyes stare and "tho lips water."
It was a solid lump, weighing eight
pounds,?and worth $2000 of the pure,
rosy gold !
ft is impossible to cornputo tbc number
of persons now in California. "No
census could bo taken," for they are scat- !
tcrcd every whore through its extensive 1
forests, prosecuting the quest for the root !
oi nil evil. Still the utmost good order
prevails in the country, they have no regular
laws, but the large infusion of intelligent
and upright inhabitants preserves
peace and quiet, by a species of modified
Lynch jurisdiction which necessity has
created. They do not complain, as has
been said, of a want of government, for
they have not time, in their more engrossing
avocation, to think of such things.?
KEO W E E~C O U RIETT.
siiuiruay, June V, I SID. j
TO OUK CORIIESPONDENTST"
The "Beak Hunt" is not well adapted to our
:olumn<i, and wo cannot give it a plaoe.
Verses by ?T. V. are on ovir tabic, bnt as the j
iroso by the samo author, published this week I
lontains the same in substance, they arc res- (
iNTF.RFrRENCK OF EXOI.ISII AND FRENCH IN 1
Vusi \ not confirmed.?The N. Y. Courier ]
ir Enquirer pay?, "Wo find nothing to justi- j
y the statement in our Tclegrapliic despatch, '
hat England and Franco hnve protested in a j 1
Dint note ngain-t the intervention of Russia in ' 1
. . . 11
i.u >...i wfivuvii Aiisirm i'nu nor revolted ; 1
Iungarian provinces. '11 ic report that such 1
nolo had been written, ia alluded to by a '
orrespondent of tho I>ondon Chronicle, ps mi 1
nv;ation of the Hungarian party, probably to. 1
ubscrvc some private interest of their own.
RECAPTURE OF BROWN.
Wc publish in another column tfin ??cor?<>t U1
f Brojjn Sheriff of Kershaw Dis.'tflct.
Since that wc am inftwiniul ?lm) v>r> *? ?
re-captured shortly afterwards in the swamp,
near the plnco he made his escapo. His handcuffs
-were stili on?his leg badly broken, and
lie appeared to bo in great pain.
CAPTURE OF AN AMERICAN VESSEL
A vessel from Baltimore to Denmark, it is
stated, has heen captured, which has produced
some difficulty between our Government and
mat oi Denmark. It is hoped that it may be
amicably adjusted. The vessel which was
captured, sailed from America before official
notice of the blockade had been given by the
Danish Charge, Mr. Bille, and therefore cannot
be held as a prize under the law of nations.
Dn. William Butler, our late Representative
in Congress, has been appointed by President
Taylor, Agent for tho Cherokee Indians,
in the placed of Richard C. 8. Brown, removed.
Tliis gentleman, who has bcon the leader of
li?w Democratic party in Missouri, and who has
acted with the South until recently, has allowed
his aspirations for politcal fame, and a
gloomy hope of tho Presidential chair, com
pieteiy to addle his brain. In expectation of
securing the support of the North, he seems
now only to desire '9 ruin the South, and
humble Mr. Calhoun. In a speech lately made
at Jefferson city, he devotes the first part to
what he is pleased to call Mr. C'? inconsistency
on the slave question, and alledgcs, that the
lato Missouri resolutions were a copy of those
offered by Mr. C. in the Senate in 1847, which
were aimed at the harmony and stability of
the Union; and boldly proclaims that it is absurd
to deny to Congress the right to legislato
as it pleases upon the subject of Slavery in
tho Territories. And that Congress has oxer
ciscd this power from the foundation of the
Government, and with the eanotion and approval
of all the States and federal authoritiesThis
indeed is new logic to us; and wo
should be glad for Senator B. to point out the
cases of the exercisc of this powor, and to stato
from what book ho takes this undoubted authority
of Congress to lo&islate as it pleases.
IIow is it wo would a?k $hat Senator 13. finds
such power delegated to Congress, when some
of the ablest of the Northern politicians deny
its existence, and unequivocally declaro that
Congress has no such power, and that everv
such attempt i? an unconstitutional aggrossion?
Surely Senator B. has forgotten to read tho
Constitution: we think that beforn he makes
hi* next speech, that ho should givo it a very
careful perusal. The the truth if, that the
Honorable Senator finds himself in n pickle
by his refusal to sign tho address of the South,
em members in Congress, and ho now seeks to
reinstate himself in the favor of his constituents
by holding up this undoubted power of Congreos
as a shield to protect himcelf and hide his
glaring defalcation. "Honesty is the best
policy.j^nd the maxi a :a equally to political
ae welt as oommon dealing; and unless we are
?rra?tlv ???1 - * -
? ,, ? ??. w jruv^io Ul au660unSenator
B.wll realise ii* truth. Certainly, do
ciar, who seeks thus to protect hie utfwarranta,
jfe* % * zm
SwvA 1& 4* ? ' ^ A
'? ? " "W
J bio courac by n (breed construction of tho ConBtituticn,
deserves tho coafkkr.oo of All enlightened
community. And wo trust Uuit this
Honorable Senator, whoso whole lifo seems to
linwo. v? ??.'.?i
win (jvimv lumuusirnnco wun lumecit
for being of so much moro consequence than
nny body else," will secure tho merited robuko
for his vacillating niul malevolent course,' nnd
that ho may have seriously to ask, "How have
I, Thomas II. Benton, u man of so much importance,
fallen bo low?"
When the people talco such men iuto their
own hands, and deal out to them their just reward,
toacliing them that tlio true position for
ri Senator imdwaySf'Tb be found at lus jx>st,
guarding well the guarantees of the Const it u
(ion, nnd advocating such measures as are
likely to advance the interest", and promoto
the harmony of tho Union; then may we expect
that this catering for political preferment
will cease, mul that tho affairs of our Government
will be administered in that spirit of forbearance,
which characterized its early existence.
Wo understand from the Charleston Courier
that Mr. Wclton, wlio has been employed by
the City Council of Charleston to bore an Artcrlnn
Well in that city, is progressing finely with
the work. He lias already renched the depth
of 834 feet; on'o would suppose that Mr. W.
would not b? under the necessity of penetran...
??-n. J- - * -
1.1<- tin in iiim.il ueeper uetore ho obtains
writer of the very best quality. And when obtained,
there will bo nil ample sufHcicncy
to supply the whole city, for wo know how to
appreciate good cool drinking-water, and we
would certainly be delighted to know that our
friends of the city are not deprived of that refreshing
draught, bo palatable during the summer
Wp had the pleasure l.iat winter to witness
Mr. Wei ton's operations ourselvos, and were
very much surprised to find the nparotus used
in boring, no very simple. lie lia.fi then reached '
ibout 824 feet. The auger or instrument used !
n perforating is made of steel, about 18 inches
long and 8 or 10 inches in diameter, and is atlached
by means of a socket to u wood pole
\bout ilO feet long, a number of these jx>los are
connected by t)io some means uutil tho roquisito
depth or length is obtained. A handle is
then passed through the nolo above frounrl
by which two negro fellows turn tho auger.? ,
A. cast tube Buflicicnil><'.),0't*,'*?^~ 10 WA..t*-taVj
uoring lUittFnmcnt is made to follow it downward,
which prevents band, mud and water
from fdling the opening abovo the auger. A
tube JO or 12 feet *ong, with a valve in the
lowor end, ia used for withdrawing tho looso
dirt, mud and water from the well; by pressing
tho tubo down upon the mud and water tho
v;ilvc is raised, and when full the weight ahovo
will close the valvo.
Mr. Welton lias completed cevoral other
wolls of tho Mine kind in tho city, but not so
deep, for tho use of private families. Ho
jvint completed ono on tho promises of the Qua
Company, 40 feet deep, in which tho water is
purer in quality than any that has yet boon
obtained ii\ boring what is familiarly termed
" sixty feet wells."
THE LATE CONVENTION.
Tho Convention held at Columbia ha* put
tho entire Northern Press into a stow. They
call it by all sorts of names, and rant and ravo
to a high degree. Tho proceedings yf that
Convention adopted unanimously, tho mild ye*
dccidod stand taken in the report and rcsolu- 1
tier.-, !:r.?c tsken the Mcrtl: at such u nohphw.
that thoy geoni to bo bewildered, ami know not
what to be uftcr?nimble to refute by sound
reasoning nnd argument, thnjr aim in to deny
it by ridicule?"It is nothing but one of South j
Carolina's thrcatu." There is a point, beyond ,
which forbenrame ceasea to be a virtue, nnd |
we have nearly, if not quite, reached it. And j
vr.?ii * "
v.... Kuiuiuin oreuirep will lind to thoir sorrow,
that not only Carolina, but nil of the
Southern Statea, arc dc-lct mined to exccuto, as
well as threaten, if thoy persist in their nefarious
Bchomoa. Thoy nock to keep up thoir oxcitemcut
bv constantly publishing tho South
oh disunioni*te?as those seeking to destroy
our government, forgetting all tho timo that i
they aro proporly clwrgcablc with all these
ilifllcultiea It is but fiu abstraction, *ay they. |
If so, why do they seek for an abstraction to ]
dishonor the South and destroy hor domestic |
msutuuousl It ?a not an Abstraction to uh, but
a question of lifo unci doath, of bonor or diagraco.
Wo cannot, wo will not, reccde from
the positions wc bavo taken; if tbey choose to
go on goading tho South, and exciting toolings
not likely to bo easily quelled, tho consequence
bo on tbeir heads, not on ours; wo have warned
them agaiu and again, and if by their folly the
Union is dUsolvod, posterity will mete out to
them their ju8t reward.
The Mexican papers etato that M-ij. Harry's
party wm cut to picocs by the Indians, and all
murdered except the guide who was a Mexican.
The ravages of cholera have been distressingly
awful. Tho whole number of deaths from
this disoauo, in tho city of Alamo, in not lees
than 600. Tho diweaee has also broken out in
the camp t>f the 8d Infantry, and at tho Quarter
Master's headquarters. Persona have been
picked up dying and dead unattended in tho
prairies and under traea in tho open air.
An overflow in tho S&Iado river took place
early la*t month, earning grant di#txes? end
distraction of property In the camp of the 3d
Infantry, Hear San Antonio. The water ro?fi
4 or ? feet in less th?n fiv? rninutof, scarcely^
allowing time to those in its course to romot\| j
to ft place of Hnfoty before everything was
submerged Tlic camp was situated nour the
river near half a mile from tlie highland, to
which, in the darkness of night every ono liad
to flee for safety. Every species of property
bolonjrinor to the Gncnninmerit lma aUI,/.. I
~ ? J ? ?"
damaged or lost. We understand the water
was 10 foot deep on the spot where the cainp
PROM SANTA FE AND THE PLAINS.
The St. Louis Republican Buys, there is a coalition
between the Eutnws and Apaches, aiid
probably other Indian tribes to the South, to
carry on a war of depredation against the unprotected
unarms n. Aicrntt lms boon appointed Sheriff
and Collector for the County of Santa Fo.
Early in last month Lieut Whittelsey encountered
a war party of Eutuws, near the Colorado,
and routed thoin with n loss of only two
men, the loss of the enemy was 10 killed and
TP 12 STEAM SIIIP NIAGARA
[Reported for the. Telegraph.]
The Niagara, bringing iie\>? to the 10th
of May, arrived at Halifax on Thursday
Cotton at Liverpool had neither advanced
nor receded, but was at a stand.
On the 10th it was quoted at the same
rates as during the week previous. (
POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE* l(
The intelligence is, that Pope Pius, on
having heard of Iho resistance offered by
the Ro-nan people to the French troops, *
is said to have declared that ho would c
not return to Rome at such a price, and is t
reported to hare sent a message to Gen. j
Qudinot, ns well as to the King of Naples,
to persund them to withdraw their forces c
and retire. In the interval. Gen. Oudi- n
not has been reinforced with a fresh sup- i
ply of 20,000 troops, and haa a large and r
well appointed army under his command.
On the other side the Roman people
are animated |y the. fflflst intense enthu- *
HJJI J1J..1.1 ... to t
nllUUlU 5U? UtlA3IIIJJl< I
^possession of the city by bombarding,
nrK**hen storming, the courage of the
peopk %vho w,u be protected by barricades,
rcn(jor the capture of the city
no easy tas,.
These cause# ^,)(jer the invaiding troops
by no means ce*<^u of success, even
should the effort I VojJo. All accounts
concur that it will be imwsjyiC to restore
the temporal and imperial ^0Wer of Papacy
in any form.
Most terrific an(J painful account nvo I
given ot I'ncsLs tyjihg dragged forth i?oni I
their hiding plrices by the soldiery nm
put to death?tneir bodies having been
backed in small pieces and cast into, the
The combined Powers will not be
able to set up the Pope on his throne
again, for the tide of populor feeling now
la uguiusi. ine sarceruotai and pontificial
power he has exercised.
At Paris intelligence had been received
from Gen. Oudinot to the 13th ult. by
telegraph?in which he stated his opinion,
that the troops would be allowed to
enter the city of Rome without further
He further adds "serious prepositions
of submission are mnrin tn ?v>*?
I tlio anchor of safety to Rome." The 900 ,
j pmoners at Home wero accompanied to
Palo with all possible demonstrations of
London Times announces the land i
ing at Fincmcstra, of a Spanish army
which was marching towards Rome.
A fresh attempt was malting at Palermo
to get up nn armed resistance to the
Neapolitan government but without
The Austrians have been again rcIYIIIKPH
"1* -- *' *
_ ? -v. iit tut assault, ana
Venetian accounts state that they made
a rally and took 8^0 prisoners?which
Rusbian Aid.?There have already
marched through Wallnchia en route for
Hungary to bring to Austria 120,000
Russians, with 350 cannons, and 25,000
Gen. Bern is well prepared to givo
them a warm reception in Transylvania,
and there will be bloody work when the
two forces meet.
From the Char. Courier Correspondence.
Washington, May 24.
The Board of Commissioners under
the Mexican treaty will resume their suasion
next week, and will proceed to determine
what coses they shall consider.
Some of the claims largest in amount and
most meritorious in character arc likely
to be thrown put on the ground that
they were acted Upon by tho Mixed Board,
and the umpire under the treaty of 1830.
Many distinguished lawyers hav?
employed by claimants to present their
eases to the Board, and among thoae are
Mr. Wftbater, Gen. Dix, Mr. H. J. Walter,
Mr. Coxe, and Mr. Corwin. As the 1
impressoria grant* in Texas to citizens of J
tlio rUmted States would all be thrown
wt-, thougli nllowcd by two of tho form?r
boards^,there is a probability that
thdhum nllowcd by the treaty?(three
and i\fourth millions)?will be ample for
tiiA f..w ~ *
...... .?.? uuj wuut oi an tno clnims coming
within tVe treaty.
W&iVtkm yon thk Kkowke Colrjjcr.
Intercourse with persons 6f decided
virtue and exceMence, is of great importance
in the formation of a good character.
The force ot example is great:
we are creatures of imitation and by a
necessary iniluence, our tempers and
habits are very much formed on tVin
model of those with whom we associate.
In this view, nothing is of more importance
to young men than the choice of
heir companions. If they select for
.heir associates the intelligent, the virtu>us,
and the enterprising, great will be
lie effect on their own character and
mbits. With these living patterns be*
ore them, they can hardly fail to feel a
lismist, rit ii.-i ?
0_.... uiut is iow nna unworthy.
Young men ore hut too little
iwnre how their reputation is aflfectcd in
he view of the public, by the company
hey keep. Tho character of their asso:iates
is soon regarded as their own. If
hey seek tho society of the worthy it
ilevat.es them in the public estimation, as
t is an eviflenon fV?uf ?
vin%u iiivj icsjjyut OlIlCl*8.
3 n the contrary their intimacy with persons
of bad character, always sinks a
oung man in the eyes of the public.?
3ur young men will do well to remember
his. Persons, and especially the young,
:annot be too strongly impressed with
he importance of improving their leisure
lours. We complain of tho1 shortness of
>ur lives, and yet we squander a vast 1
mount of it in worse than idleness.? .. 1
\ny of us have leisure hours enough if |
.gi.wj imp uvea 10 cultivate our minds
horoughly, and to prepare for any sta- |
ioi. in lifo. If the young will habituate? I
hemselvcs to improving their sjiaro mo- I
mcntTBy *f^M^,uscful k?0^8 and pa- I
pers, the habit will soon be&OYrtv "uaCv^i, J
? J" V'
Correspondence of the "Kcoioce Courier"
Hamburg, May 30tii, 1840.
Messrs. Editors :?I have received1
two numbers of the Courier, and be assured
I hail with delight its appearance;;
cminating, as it does, from the banks of'
tho bright and beautiful Kcowee in my
ntuVve District, to me the 'brightest spot
on memory's waste.' I prpdj&Vfofr tho
"Keowce Courier" a prosperous vovnar?
on tho ocean af spirited afrvonturc.?
Your readers are well pleased with its
neat nppearance, and the manly stand it
has taken for the true interests of tho
South. I feel confident that you must
succeed?for no one who has lived in
your beautiful district, amid its hills and
dales, its cataracts and cascades, and romantic
seenory, let him be found any
place m our wide spread land, where adventure
or enterprise may have lead him,
but will gladly embrace the opportunity
of subscribing to your paper, lor there is
a feeling in the human heart which lingers 4
with life, and that fouling is love for 1
one's place of nativity; and this home ?
feeling will secure for you the support of
your District, for why should we send 9
ubroad our money for papers, to thoso ft
who are inimical to our institutions, and t
wVin WAillil wi-aw ??1 : 1
..vwuMivn IIVjU UUU llisoicni on OU)
patronage; and with the jxnocr of money
takenfrom us, strive to deprive us of our
legal and constitutional property? No*
let us patronize our own press, read our
own papers, and keep our money among
ourselves, where like 'bread cast upon the
waters, we can see i* after many dayg.*^
So, in conclusion I would say, success
attend your efforts as public journalists,
and may you, even have a support, adequate
tO VOUr enrlonvrtra
.. ....^ I
Infernal Machine Arrest,?The NewYork
letter, of Thursday, to thp Philadelphia
"A person residing in Brooklyn, hitherto
considered one of the bfest citizens of
that place, has been arrested on tho
charge of bein^ implicated in the cogspiracy
to take the life ftfTliniw#" w??
? F. * MVWIU0 >1 (llllVi l
Esa., with the "infernal machine," about i
which no much was said in the newepa- w
pere a while ago. This make* the second *
arrest for the same crime, and the polico
are still on the scent of othor partite.
"Them is a secret chatter in the bisto*
ry of this af&ir which will, ere long, enfold
itoelf to the, astonishment of the publi?r"
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