Newspaper Page Text
INTERESTING FROM ROME.
The New-York Express has the following
letter from Rome, dated on the
7th of May, which gives an interesting detail
of the position of affairs in the Iloly
We have had rather an exciting week,
which has nearly ended by Gen. Gariboldi
having given the Neapolitans a har 11
light, this morning about seven miles from
Home on the road to Albano. ?nd the report,
while I am writing, is, that they
arc flying in every direction.
It may not be uninteresting to vou to
know a little of the politics of Rome.
When the Pope fled, the moderate party,
with Mamiuna at its head, lost its influence.
The present Chamber is composed
of violent republicans, with the most
determined hatred to the Pope. Mazzini,
iiiia of the Trin m vim in J>n? iionn in
about two months, Goriboldi about six
mouths in the State. He has a body of
men?about fifteen hundred in number?
who arc in appearance brigands. He
Ins them perfectly under bis control, and
all those who have encountered them call
shorn eanc d'Inferno.
Gen. Avezzana has been here between
two and three woeks. He lias lived manv
venrsin "PTmv-Vnilf wlmi-n T
him. Mozzini, Gnrihuldi and Avezzana
arc now the rulers of Rome. . France,
Naples and AusHa have invaded the
State : we had the p^w* of the French invasion
one day, and the Frcnch the next
day sent up some three thousand men
who were met at the walls and repulsed.
There is no knowing why the whole army
did not come into action, or why they
now remain inactive between here and Civita
Vecchia. The Neapolitan army is
now at Albano and the Austrian in the
Legations. That Rome can hold out
<i?<mi9b iiiciu uu is 1101 iixue expectcd.
They have come to restore the Pope.
The terms proposed are not made known
to the people. It is not thought that the
jinnies will enter the city, unless the city
submits, and no one hazards a thought,
that we shall be bombarded, for the Pope
would not like to hear of bombs in St.
Peters, and to ruin the city of Rome would
hi* to ruin OK...?!>....
The Romans feel flushed with their victory
over the French, but they arc indebted
to the strangers who have managed
matters for them. There are now
here, Lombards, Sardinians, Genoese,
and, in fact, all the exiles of Italy are centered
in Rome. While I am writing a report
says Gariboldi has taken 1,000 prisoners,
the avant guard of the Neapolitans,
with eight cannons. These men are perfectly
desperate, i. e. those under Gariboldi,
and Gen. Avazzana told me yesterday
he was now embarked in the cause,
and it was nnssihln lir? io??
1(?J UlO wuw I
on (he field of battle. ^
The priests are all hitmen, there is not
one to be seen. The Princes nre awriy,
and what the future fate of llome is to
be, we know not. At present, we do not
consider there is any personal danger.
The Civic Guard preserve the best of order,
and the streets are quiet. The gates
are barricaded, and there is no oflonce offered
to strangers. I have been around
the city, with some New-York friends, 1
sight seeiiur, the r>ast week. T sbnll not
leave before July. I do not know where |
I shall spend July and August. I write ;
this with all kinds of interruptions, but
hope it will be in time for the steamer.
* * * It is said General Oudinot has
protested against their taking hostilities
against Rome, and we think to-day an
amicablc arrangement of affairs will take
placc. The city is perfectly quiet, though
it has a very warlike aspect, many of the
streets being barricaded.
JM?jJj AJN U HOLY SUICIDE, I
Lesson to Youth. 1
The body of a young man was found
in the canal at Cincinnati last Thursday,
and the Gazette gives the following particulars,
showing a most melancholy sui- 1
"On the bank of the canal a cap was '
discovered containing a letter signed Wil- i
liam Sheers, which stilted that the writer i
was about to commit suicide by drowning
himself, and that a key would be found .
in his pocket book which would unlock a ;
carpet bag he had left at Friendship Hall,
1 1?i * * *
wnuru leuers would bo obtained giving
all the information it was necessary the
world should have conccrning him.
"The coroner procured these letters. (
In one of them it was stated that the (
young man had passed under an assumed
name. He had been known for some
time as William Sheers?his proper name J
was William Plater. He came to this
country from England in 1844, and first
obtained work in Louisville, lie received
wholesome moral instructions in his
jw..vn, ?? ?* iwimgiy 01 ins motner,
and his regret at not obeying her pious
teachings. He made a /isit to New-Orieans
after lie had been in Louisville a few
months, and there falling into bad eoma
became a drunkard and a gambler. 1
jr the assumed name of William
Sheers, he returned to Louisville?ob- ,
taincd employment, determined to reform, but
was tempted by evil persons, and
nr#om 1/31 ^~ ~ * ' *
???? mw mu uvu pracuces oi gambling
and drinking, loading also in other
respects a dissolute life. He continued y
these practices until as Ue expresses it, lie ,
"bccame a nuisance to himself." He determined
to come to this city ; seek a place
in the hospital, if possible recover his
health, and then load a different life. He
arrived on Sunday. After his arrival he
says, calmly and deliberately, in a sound
oiuiv \Jk UJIIIU, 1IU IIKIUC UU 1119 JI11I1U. IU
commit suicide, and accordingly threw
himself in the canal. The letter from
which wc got the above particulars was
dated May 30, 1840. In a postcript he
says: "To-morrow I would have been
25 years of age?to-day I will be in eternity."
lie was a native of the parish of
Rugby, Warwic county, England.,'
Saturday, June 16, 1849.
Bar d W. is ncccptcd, and will appear next
Lines dy S. C. ale before us. And wo hereby
give notice to S. C., that no composition
whatever can be admitted into our columns
unless accompanied by the author's real name,
a?.i ? * ? ?- ---? ?
iiuu iwi c miu nut at hii incimuu to impose* J
uimecessary trouble, wc barely intimate that
further disclosure will not be required on the
present occasion. We hope however the lover
will not be less devoted?lienr the confession :
"1 love thee still as once I loved
My heart has never lov'd no one else*"
THE COURT OF EQUITY.
The June Term of this Court for this Dis.
trict will commcnce on Thursday nest, the 21st
Chancellor Dimkin is to preside.
'VENTURES MAKE MERCHANTS.'
A few clays ago one of our enterprising citizens
passed through our Village with 150 lit ad
of sheep, with a view of changeing their pasturage.
We undcrsand that he intends turning
his attention exclusively to the culture of sheep,
and has selected as n pasturing ground, that
portion of land lying between the Keowoo and
Enstntoo rivers; a section which we consider
admirably adapted to wool growing. That ho
will find it a profitable business, if closely followed,
we doubt not, and wo certainly wish
him great success in his novel enterprise.
An election for Major in each Battalion of
tho 2nd Regiment S. C. M. was held on the 9th j
innt., which resulted in the election of Capt.
Ansalkm Alexander for Major of the 1st Battalion;
and Lieut. E. It. Doyle for ilajor of the
2nd Battalion. Wc suppose the Majors elect
will decide by lot which one is entitled to the
oflico of Lieutenant Colonel.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
A Division of the Sons of Temperance was
opened, and the Officers installed on Thursday
lust at Pcndlelon by A. 0. Norm, Esq., acting
as D. O. W. 1'. Wo understand that there
were fourteen applicants for the Charter; and |
Hint Mr. Thomas M. Sloan was elcctcd W. I'.
and JSIam Sharpe, Jr, R.S.
In the course of this week the greater portion
of the wheat crop in this District will be
gathered: and we learn with pleasure that our
farmers will realize an average of over two- j
thirds of a full crop. Some fields will render
a full yield, while others in low, damp locations 1
will probably fall short more than one-third, in !
consequence of the injury received from tho :
lute frost?. Wo have also heard sonic complaint
of rust making its appearancc in late
wheat. And if that together with the unusual
heavy fali of rains, which we have had for the
last two weeks, do not greatly damage the
wheat crop, wc may expect a pretty fair turn
out. Oats are more promising than usual at
this season, and a heavy crop will doubtless he
secured. Corn is growing luxuriantly and we
anticipate an abundant crop.
DEATH OF MAJ. GEN". OATNF.K
It is with regret that we announce the death j
of this worthy officer. He departed this life :
tit the St Charles Hotel, New Orleans, on the
8th inst. of cholera. Tho heroes of our army
follow each other rapidly, and tho fell epidemic
seems to striko for it* brightest ornaments.
The decease of Inaj. Gen. Gaines has deprived
our country of one of her most excellent citizens,
and the army of one of her ablest officers.
Wo loam from the Charleston .Courier, that
Jas. II. SutclilTb, asrainst whom an indictment
for Arson was prefered recently, lias been tried
md convictcd. The oft'cnce is punished capi
tally. 11m attomios liavo "appealed and tho
prisoner must now await the decision of the
Court of Appeals, which meets ii > January nextClarko
and Cantley stand cliargcd before tfr?
same Court of similar offences. The former i
has stood liin trial, and tho jury returned a vcrilict
of "not guiltybut vt as remanded to pris- 1
on an indictment for larceny. Tho trial of ;
the latter is progressing. The C'mrleaCon Po- \
lico luivo done themselves great credit by the
Eeal and promptness with which th?y have for"
retted out these perpetrators of crime.
Nkwderry Statistics.?In the year 1818
woo ~"Al *
- iuwu, gumurou ana packed in '
Newberry District 29,186 bales of Cottonivornging
850 pounds to the kale.
The Tax Collectors books nhow that there
vcro 21,447 slavoa in the District on tlio 1st
)ctobcr of the same year, and taxes paid for
563,310 ncrcs of lawl at tlic same time.
INDIAN DEPltEl) ATI0?\8 IN TEXAS.
The Indians continue to hat rasa tho frontier
of TeXiU, killing the inhabitant?, and plundering
the country. No ailoquato force can be
assembled to drive oflf tho horde of savages?
and almost all the frontier settlements present
a scene of coufuxion and disaster not easily
described. In tho absence of a regular force
tlio wealthy settlor* employ men at their own
expense to guard their habitations, and property.
This poems to be the only rc3ort, until our
government can order a sufficient force there
for the protection of the people. We are glad
to see that the earliest attention of the Administration
has been giveu to these unfortunate
people, and that troops are already ordered to
the Itio Grande.
The Texans are making efforts to rai.-.e a
company of Rangers, which, if they succeed"
will he more effective than any other arm of
the military. We bono thnt tlm?n ft.u J?..?
firs will soon be driven off, and that the citizens
may be able ngain to resume their peaceful
"1 his section of our country so rich in gold,
seems to have also an abundance of all the
other precious metals, as silver mines have
been discovered, which it is stated vie in rich
iioss with those of l'otosi. Diamonds and
emeralds nrc picked up worth from fifty to
two hundred thousand dollars. But notwithstanding
the 'ease with which money is found
and obtained, yet it appeara that living there
is as high in proportion, to that by the time an
adventurer makes the trip out and back, unless
he in a very fortunate man, he makes no great
fortune by the speculation.
Order and quiet generally prevail, which is
owing to their summary mode of administering
justice, and the heavy penalty, hanging, always
inflicted upon wrong-doers. The criminal
is brought before n jury of twelve who are
selected for the nurnosp. who trn Hinnmli tlm
-- I 1 ' O- " ?"
forms of n trial, and if tlio accused be convicted
by this panel, he is at onco executed.
Gen. Smith commanding the United States
forccs in tlmt scction, has issued his circular
respecting the importation of goods, in which
he says that as the duties on goods imported
cannot be collected, they cannot be brought in
under our revenue laws. Uut cargoes have
been allowed to be entered on the deposit of
UIU UUIIUII U1 VUIIgri!bS,
He also inform* adventurers in search of
gold, that trespassing upon the public lands is
punishable by tine anil imprisonment, which
will l>c strictly enforced, as soon as the necessary
means u completed.
This mart for the south wt>st?>m mul
States in by the lutcst accounts in great danger
of being entirely Hooded. Capt. Grantt, the
officer charged with the duty of stopping the
principal crevasse has given up the matter*
and acknowledged his failure. The water
pours through to the depth of 15 feet, and de
lies all effort to stay its progress.
The Picayune says that the value of nroner
A A I
ty lias declined; and tlmt great fears are enter- i
tnincd for the health of the city when the water
doe8 subside, from the great amount of
filth, that must necessarily accumulate about
&MAT.T. rOX TV ORFKN8BORO', N. C.
This very unwelcome visitor is paying its
respects to til" citiznna r,t nrnonahnm' ?.?.#! tl>?
vicinity. The Patriot of the 26th ult. nays the
(levolopcmcnt of the last four or five days has
proven, beyond a doubt, the existence of tliia
disease in our community. Up to that time
nine cases only had been reported?5 in town
and 1 in the coontry?of which 3 only were regarded
critical. The same paper allcdgos that
"(sufficient precaution was not taken during two
weeks after the annearaneo nf
owing to the incredulity of a respectable portion
of the inhabitants, including physicians |
and town authorities." Great excitement pre- j
vails in the surrounding country in consequence
of the pvoscncc of the malady. It was Court >
week at Greensboro' but neither plaintiffs, defendants,
witnesses nor jurors appeared. And
on Tuesday?a dny when the streets arc usually
crowded, not a hundred persons were pros- I
Tl,rt cl ?* ?
ow.va, OilU^Vy ill IU JJ1UCU3 W 1101*0
"good liquor" is dealt out, Htood open from
morning till evening unmolested by oustomorb,
and Kcarce a footstep 1h heard in thu nlrmaU U>
enliven tho dread gloom that overhangs the
T.Tff.TTTir.N A XlT -MAVMC rmn
4JA44V Amwa.A?l 1U a 1 U '? Till/,
Much has been mud lately through the medium
of newspaper*, concerning the brilliant exploits
of Lieutenant Mayro Reid of tho N.
Y. Regiment of Volunteers, who h.wing no
friend to herald his fame to tho world, with a
bold effrontery unpn ralleled in modern timos,
has naturally enough undertaken the delightful
task himself. Tliis bravado has seriously submitted
his claims to the common council of
New York city, for' the gold Snuff Box be
quoathed by General Jackson in his last will,
to the man from the Stato (if New York who
should conduct himself most bvuvoly on tho
fvld of buttle, In the first war in which
the United States should bo involved after hi*
death. Hu brues his claims on twelvo different
net*, of heroic bravery, and publishes them
in tho N. Y. Evening Post, over hu* own signat
uro. The slightest inspection of which is eufficicnt
to eatisfy tho most credulous mind, that
they must bo more thd rennlt of an oxuberant
imagination,?a desire to secure tho 'golden
To -win the wrcatJi of fuino
AuU write on uu-mory'n scjroll u dcuthlui* name,'
without merit, or common modesty; thnn of
nhy deeds of noblo during executed by the
llfornatiiil T.?'n??t^nnnt "Ruf T A
......v. A/UV VI1V JUIUUIVIUIUV
triunpct far himself, (and wo fchnll not weary
our readers with a rchcnrsal of all his acts of
heroism, lost thoy should bo entirely overcome;)
in his 6th item, ho says:
"5. In the aciion of Churubusco ray
command, (B, New York Volunteers,)
was the only company of five Regiments,
composing Shield's brigade, that preserved
their ranks and fought in order of
battle. All_othcrs broke at receiving the
enemy s fire, and though they fought
gallantlv durinor the option, if. wns with.
out order or manege.
Tho Ptlmctto Stale Banner nnks,
" Why company 13, Now York Volunteers
did preserve order, Lieut. Mnync
Reid does not tell us. Was it because
they were dressed along the rear of a
stone barn, whilst the ranks of the Palmettos
were broken in making a charge
upon the enemy?"
"0. In this action I forced a body of
South Carolinians to cany their Lieut.
Colonel from the field, when ho fell mor
Tills assertion is too mnnifeatly weak and
contemptible to require contradiction.
"7. 1 caught the South Carolina flap
as it fell from his hands, and carried it
for some time during the deadliest of the
This assertion is so triumphantly put to tl?9
blush, by the letter of Col. Gladden of Columbia,
to the N. York City Council, which we give below,
that it needs not to be commented on:
"8. In this action I led the New York
and South Carolina Regiments to the
charge?the fast charge made by tho
American Infantry on the 20th August."
If we hnvo been corrcctly informed the
South Carolina Regiment was commanded by
the brave Col. Butler until he was shot down
upon the field; Lt: Col. Dickinson then took the
command, and when ho fell the command dc- |
volvod on Maj. Gladden, which lie immediately
assumed for the remainder of the day.
"0. I caused this movement by running
in front of the broken lines, and calling
out "Men of New York will you follow
me to the charge?"
That movement of the Palmotto Regiment
was the result of nn order from Gen. Shields.
Whether Lieut, lieid did any great acts of
bravery in the New fork Regiment we will
not pretend to eay, but if he did anything
worthv of nraiso wn nrr? willing !??*./? i
%> Mr " " 6 *VM,W ?????
'alone in his glory;' and in justice to tho Pnl
motto Regiment, we freely confess our utter
incredulity as to Maync Iteid'a assertions so far
as they refer to that Regiment,
For further corrections of the fulsome ami
exaggerated mis-statements of Lieut, lteid, we
refer the reader to an article on our first page
over the signature of "Palmetto," and to the
following letter of Col. O. of Columbia S. C
From the Columbia Telegraph.
Columbia, June Oth, 1840.
To the Honorable Mayor and City Council
Gentlemen?A singular document presented
to you by Lieut. Mnyne Reid of
tbe New-York Volunteers, has been
brought to my attention. Its romantic
character nnd mis-statements of facts arc
so prominent, that it would not have re(
ceived my notice, but fiom the circumt
stance that he has enclosed me a copy.
With regard to the alleged valor and
| prowess of the Lieutenant, I have nothing
to say ; but justice to my command of the
Palmetto Regiment requires me to observe
that all his statements relating to the
Sleuth ' tr
>wv?w? urn wimi myc/miii r Ulllllltprn
are the result of a poetic imagination,
and fancy rendered wild in its aspiration
after the golden trophy.
In proof of this, I will only add one illustration?which
is that the Palmetto
Flag never fell, but was handed to me,
with his sword, by Lieut. Col. Dickenson,
and by mo placed in charge of Patrick
Leonard (a private in H. Company, South
Carolina Volunteers. 1 bv whom it. wn?
'/ '</ "*
borne through the action.
I regret the necessity of this communication,
but it is due to truth to exposo
Your obedient servant,
A. II. GLADDEN,
(Late Col. Pal. Reg. S. C. Volunteers.)
Foil Tine "Kkowkk flm-DiKD
! REPORT OF SPECIAL COMMITTEE
j OF SONS OF TEMPERANCE.
| Tho Committee aware of their reapon,
sibility, and seeking by any means in
their power to advance the cause of
I Temperance, nnd particularly desirous to
increase the piosperity of the Order of
iL - Ct
me cons 01 icmperanco, recommend that
we have a public procession on the third
Monday in August next, and that this
Division ask permission to appear in Relia
upon that occasion. Your committee
| are confident in the belief that such a
measure would tend to diminish that
prejudice, which, wo fear, exists in the
minds of some agninst our Order; as by
th; cleans, we show to the world, what
we arc, and who we are.
And aa music lends a charm upon such
occasions, and inspires the breast of all
with a deep feeling, and would be likely
to eausc our procession to be much long
cr, it is rcspfictfully suggested, that the
Pickens Band be invited to be with us
on that occasion to cheer us onward, and
lend enchantment to the scene.
And as muctfj^Sgic interest of the
public walk d( p'?n(Wfi*)n the character
and ability of the spWfers selected, your
Committee recommeno^pt the follow ing
gentlemen, who aro men of talents'
and ability, be invited to address ?.hn n?.
semblage upon that occasion, viz: Rev.
James Danellv, H. A. Jones, Esq., C..
J. Elfokd, Esq., and Rev. D. Humpiiries;
and that W. Levehett either
deliver himself or procure some one to
deliver an address upon the Order and
Organization of the Sons of Temperance,
And i\s it would be a pleasure for tho
iiiviuuvio vi fins j/iviaiuil lU iiltTt iiivir
brethren of other Division here that day,?
it is recommended that the members of.
the Order throughout tho State, and
those of the neighboring Divisions especially
be requested to give us the pleasure
of their company on that day, to anj
imate and encourage us to a full and
? i j:__i -f -i '< - o
jjiuiujib uuscmirgu oi uur uuuus as csons
of Tcmpornnce: and that our follow citizens
generally be particularly iuvited to
That the procession l>e formed and under
the charge and direction of the following
four named Marshals: Messrs..
Norton, Burnett, O. E. BAnroN, and
On hearing the Report, on motion it
was ordered to be published in the Keowee
Courier, and that the neighboring,
papers be requested to copy.
POSTMASTERS IN GEORGETOWN.
Wo understand that William McNultyv
esq., has been reappointed Postmaster of
t* i :j n?-? *? ?? ?
v?.io yicwiu. at is ?juu unit mr. xucnuity
was removed two or three weeks since, on
the supposition that ho had supported:
Gen. C'ass at the Presidontial election;
but the supposition being unfounded, tho
Postmaster General reinstated him, on
receiving proof to satisfaction that he#
was a genuina Whig, and had not committed
the high misdemeanor of casting
his vote for the Democratic nominees. *
Vviin sucn tnings De, and not cxoitc our
special wonder? And yet tb/> \Vinyah1
Observer makes the statement in all sincerity,
and we arc bound to believe tlmt
this transaction did actually occur as
stated. In connection with thi# very
same reappointment, it is rumored fhat
two commissions existed at the saVnitiftuu
?one in the hands of the present incun?
bent, the other in thofce of his 8ucces?|^_
Both appealed to the yi oad seal
If this is conforniTCy t^th'o'^cnniplc of
the "earlier Pro idei must avow
our preference for the Non-conformists.
In saying thus mucf^J*^ heg our "Whig
friends to remember fhat we make no
complaint because of reK&vdl&-r-'fftr front
it. But, we do find fault'that all the generous
pledges of'the canvass have been
falsified and cast j^ule Vfs election paraphernalia,
having the purposes intended.?South
\ Nkw iNTEn^iiKTJv&ON.?-The difference
between th^4fjrofessiona of G^ji,
rayior ns to the ndpaYty characterof lijjfc
mlniinmraiion before i\ttaming pow?r, f$mJ
his practice since. hris been strollffrfuk
merited on by tRfe pf&ss, _
The editor Boston Post, with his
usual sly Humor&lfii^ translates the General's
real moaihri? with circumstances
seem to corrobonaro':
"When Gen. TiJnor said he 'wouldn't
len^iimsolf to jiiu'tv schemes'?bo only
meanl that he wo?dn't go to soirees, pic*
nica, or tea-parties!"?TeUaravh.
Henry O'Reilly, the telegraph constructor,
having already woven together
the Atlantic and the great Father of Rfr*.
era by more than 4,000 miles, of telegraph
lines, proposes to extend ft thread
across the Rooky Mountains to the new
settlements of Oregon and CalifQ)^j^
no nos ma?e arrangement* lor mo MRftt*-*'
f.xon of his lino from Ht. Louis to k
Leavenworth, COO miles up the MirotIu^
and it will be completed this season*/A rid
In twelve months' more, if Congros? *hould
second his efforts as it ought, the line will
be oxtended to the groat 'ocean.?Mr.
O'Reilly proposes not only a line of tele
l. i.'i _ j^n it 1:
Snijm, until uuuy man litre", w uo
id by United States troops and interior