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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, June 23, 1849, Image 1

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" TO THINE OWN SELF DE TKUE, AND II MUST FOLLOW, A8 THE NIOflT THE DAY, THOU CAN'ST NOT TIIKN BE FALSE TO ANV MAN."
VOL. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1849. NO. C.
THE i rnmnlnln ~L?,r #
JKEOWEE COURIER, '
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY
W. H. TIUMMIER. \
e.M:
. *
wn twu^>
m. |(
One Dollar luid Fifty Cents for one year's i }
subscription when paid within tlsree months, I
Two dollars if payment la delayed to the close
of the subscription year. '
All subscriptions not clearly limited, will bo i
considered as made for im indefinite time, and c
continued till a discontinuance is ordered and A
all arrearages paid. t
Advcrlitcmen($ inserted at f5 cents per '
square for tlie first itiHPff 5r>n anri ?i ' ? *
? , ??- w?*v* v i yw. lur *
each continued insertion. Liberal deductions
made to thoso advertising by the year. t
All Communications should bo addressed
to tho Publisher post paid.
POETRY. ~ f
For the "Kkowkf. Courier. 1
REST THEE. ]
Rc?tthcc, oh! rest tlioo, tho wild hope is past) I J
The billows r?.ll cnlin o'er thy grave; J
Thy arms cling no more to tho storm shatter'd
most,
Thy heart's dearest thrill, on tho wings of the !
' blast 1 1
Ic carried far o'er the wave. |
Oh, real thco, dear lo9t one to country and homo,
No night windH shall trouble thy Bleep;
No longer thy bark braves the dash of the foam;
SK* rs away, on tlio wild cliff nlono
Vox?far o'er the calin swelling deep.
Thy home is too far 'ncath tho white crescent
wave,
To echo tho storm-spirit's cry;
Tho surge, looming madly, tho dark steep may
brave,
Tho Oaprey's dark wing coldly dash o'er thy
grave,
-Nor waken the death?dreaming eye. f
Oh! where b the gladness, dear sailor-boy, 1
where?
That oft from tho star lighted dock,
Play'd sweetly, a far, through the deep sound- (
ing air,
Nor thought of tho ruin that darkly roam'd
there,
To bfOcd over hope's driving wreck.
"TwlV ne'er on thv watcti Vu> * ?
J ..un-u^cnl wjfl
When the red arm of battle ia still; f
No more shrill the wildness of ocean employ, 1
The night breathing fancy, or day-dream of joy, J
O'er the swell of her white misty hill.
t
Rest the<?, ohl rent thee, the wild hope is past, 1
And pe&sively rolls tho dark Rca;
Tfey heart cannot boimd at tlie sight of the blast, t
Long?long has it ceas'd its deop shadows to <
cast. '
Through the kmc, dreary distance for thee. {
Baud W. *
Anderson C. II., June ft, 1840.
From the Columbia Telegraph. i
SECESSION?HAS THE SOUTH HAD ' <
CAUSE. j i
My remarks heretofore have been so j
dirfictwl * '
.vciun ivii tn mu superior rc- |
sources of the South in the event of sep- J
a ration, nnd hostile collision with the
North: and that under such circum- ;1
stances, the latter will be the greatest suf- '
ferer, These two positions 1 trust have 1
been made sufficiently plain. It only rc- !
mains now to show, that abundant cause J
exists to justify secession by the South, i
anil mw ? ?!n ' "
?-...j wuvi u? iovi.1 win do nnisncd. i
Mr. Jefferson, in the declaration of In- I
dependence, tells us that "prudence in- ,1
deed, will dictate that Governments long (
established, should not be changed for !
light and transient causes, <kc. But
when a long train of abuses and usurpations,
pursuing invariably the same ob- (
ject, evince* a design to reduce them, '
^ihe people) under an absol u le despotism, '
tt is 'heir right, it -it their duty to throw
o/Fsitoh aovermrumt* an A -?
^ _ _ ,.,?rv^ M|tv? IA; jni/viUU iirw I
guards for their futnrw security," To I
the truth of these sentiments, in theiv 1
length and breadth, every intelligent '
mind, every lover of peace and order
must subscribe most fully. It is indeed
a serious matter to change any govern- '
roent, because with suoh ohangc there is
ever danger of oivil war, with anarchy ,
dragging despotism at its heels?hence
mankind arc more disposed to .
iwnr xno lua thcyiiAVO (
Than fly to Ukm? they know not of." (
"With us, however, secession " Ml not i
nHttsarily work a change in the cnarac- i
tesr of the governments. Ours being "a
government of a whole and of parts,"
each part being a somtign and indepen
dent Btatc?a government complete in i
?tho withorawal of one, two, or a i
'dtjSmiiuSAs * ' " *
tiuwoai u?kjo rot. a octroy or change |
th* character of th* government of tJut \
whole, bnt only diminishes its strength, 1
pcmer and territorial area. Each State j
too being sovereign, independent, and
11 ivniit ueuii, can cmsi at a scpct- j
ate and distinct government, or can write ;
irith other seceding States hi > a compact
ror the common good of all. Ilcnce it is 1
:lear that in a government like ours, n i
secession by one or more of the parties to (
he original compact, does not necessarily t
work a change in its character, or the ?
iharacter of the acceding States, doijs not i
imount to revolution?will not produce i
convulsion 'and disorder, unless indeed, \
night be substituted for right. Such t
substitution would doubtless work a | ?
ihnnt/o ?1
v..*, vuium uuu responsiomty ot !
,vhich however, w^uld rest upon the (
(boulders of those resorting to it?not <;
ipen ours for the act of secession. I
But, sir, let us admit for a moment that t
;uch change will be effected by secession, t
>n the part of the South, and I still con- I
end we have full and ample justification {
or the deed. Justification full and am- t
Die, not in "light and transient causes," 1
)ut*in "a long train of abuses and usur- &
nations, pursuing invariably the same ob- t
ect," and evincing "a design to reduce j 1
is under an absolute despotism," which 1
lave for the last thirty-five yc?io been t
jcrpctratcd upon the South, in utter dis- ; r
egard of all remonstrances against their ! t
niustice and unr.nn?H*nfi?w??i!*? ' 1
-- ..vMVAviiui'by un uui I
)art. To prove this, let facts be submit- s
'ed to a candid world. 1
We haveneen taxed for the last r
hirty-five years at the average rate of t
orty per cent per annum, to foster and \
juild up Northern interests and Instltu- t
ions?having paid, directly and indirect- r.
y, during 1 his period, not less tb^r. $1,? t
)00,000,000 unjustly for this purpose. 1
JC3T By the so called Missouri Com- t
3romi.se, we have been cheated of our I
jght to emigrate to any territory, the ?.
;ommon property of the whole Union, i
\orth of 30, 30. ?
Our slaves havo been forcibly i
.cized and taken from us, while passing t
,h rough or sojourning in the Northern 1
? U-. ii-- * -
juuua ily i iiu citizens inercot, in clear 1
iolation of tho spirit of the common i
sompoct, and that comity which should ]
iver exist, between sovereign, confedcr- i
tted and friendly States. t
jfjiT Our right of property is no long- t
;r acknowledged, and one of its highest t
lafeguards has been virtually abrogated, J
>y tho passage by Northern Legislatures, )
>f acts forbidding the surrender, and tho r
"ofusal of t hnir r.ili*?no if\
. w uuiitoi u|; iu* l
(itivos from labor una service" in express i
md positive violation, of the 2d section r
tnd 4th Article of the Constitution of the <
Jnited States. I
The freedom of the press has f
here degenerated into the licentiousness c
>f abuse and fasehood, whereby, and in i
he person of our Representative in Congress,
we are daily and hourly insulted in ;
-lie most shameful manner.
Our citizens whilst claiming their
property under the Constitution, have |
been insulted and stoned by mobs of their ,
litizen?, clergymen, professors and free ,
negroes; and the blood of .-one, inhumanly
butchered, (Mr. Kennedy, of Mary- ,
land,) like "a brother's blood crictk to us ,
from the ground."
JfcfT Our slaves have been kidnapped ,
lind stolen by gangs, in sight of the walls ,
r>f the Capitol itself, and the felon3 have J
found sympathisers and apologists, if not |
ibcltors for the deed, in the persons of j,
Representatives from the North. j,
trxv Tim ?!?M !? ? -? ?J *
0v.-xs ' nv, ijfjim j.t uuw caumeu lo ex- | ^
jludc u$#om all territory acquired by !,
the bIo6a and treasure of tne South j
:hicjly, though a portion of it lies South .
af the Missouri Compvomi<*& line, a: d is
the property of the ooutii aa/well as ihe
North. * I
JC3F The right is now claimed and its
sx^rcise has already been attempted, to
vbolish the institution of slavery in tiie '
:listrict of Columbia, and in nil other 1
?1 * * ? ^ " *
[Hiices oner wnicn uongress claims and 1
to exercise exclusive jurisdiction. 1
JtL?~ In fine, the great objects set forth
in the preamble of the Constitution, "of
establishing justice, ensuring domestic
tranquility. promoting the general welfare,
and securing the blessings of liberty to
ourselves and posterity," have ceased to
-< 1 ?
ww ...v. >uuw3 ?i uui conicaeracy.^fiisy
The foregoing Mr. Editor, presents a
brief outKne of the many grievances.? j
Brief though they be, they are enough
in all conscience to justify the South in <
rtny measure of resistance, she may i
choose to adopt to relieve and save her- 1
self. Our forefathers restated a trifling i
tax on te* and paper, not because the .
rtflvmArit. wa?M *--??? L '
...y TFVUIU I Mill lUCll JOrLlIIl&Xf OIU
because the Kxibmission to the principle
would make them slaves. Are we less
MnsiMo to wrong??re we less tenacious
of principle and right, thart they were? <
Shall we submit, when submission will
not only make us atrvres, but nun our fortunes
Tf ?.k?
? tun DJ/1I1& V* HI? OOUljl |
is not utterly crushed and broken down
by a long and systematic courso of in- '
V *
usticc and oppression, sho will resist,
nul that too if need be, to the death.
But, I am free to confess, that if this
Union could be restored to its oinginal
'ruth and purity, and kept so, I would be
>no of the last to disturb its quiet. Not
hat I believe it has ever conferred one
tingle solitary blessing upon the South,
vhich the South would not have enjoyed
n an equal degree without it, but because
,vlien in the exercise of its .legitimate
Amotions it docs us no harm, and because
jovcrnments well established should not
jc changed "for light and transient
iauses. Tint. if 1rno*/?</?rl 1 ? -
? .* j vwfcv/i V/U) ii<ivu wc any j
guarantee that the North will hereafter
jo tine to their pledges and the Constiution?
None whatever. On the conrary,
their whole political history, has
jecn a history of violated faith, broken
jrottiiscs, compromises disregarded and
rampled under foot. Have they, I ask,
espected the compromises of the Constitution
itself? Have they respccted 1
ho Missouri Compromise of 1820?? '
lave they respected the Tariff Compronise
of 1833? The records of tho Naional
Lcgi?iiitui6) unu inc pitisont deep
ind just excitement in the South, furnish
lie answer. Influenoorl w .- k..
..v,,. , WJ UlilV
anaticism, which Jolin Randolph truly '
:aid, "lias no stopping place short of j
leaven or hell," can we expcct if we
igrtin submit to compromise, or even to
heir unrighteous demands, that they
vtll cense their nggressions or forego
heir predetermined purpose. Vain hope!
The Leopard may change his spots, and
,he Ethiope his skin, but the leprosy, the
anaticism of such a people is rooted to
he core, and nothing will satisfy the morjid
cravings of its appetite but the ruin
>f the South and the entire accomplishnent
of its hellish designs. A conipronise
would but postpone the evil day?
t -would he but the calm which precedes '
he tempest, which we must sooner or \
ater meet, or disgracefully succumb be- i
ore. Let us then meet the danger j
vhile we are strong, physically, morally,
pecuniarily?meet it in the only effectual
vay and at once, by severing the Gorlian
knot which binds us by presenting
he only alternative?separation, or resisance
to? tyranny much the worse, as
fiiflcrn HKawao *
r v?v*^v v?iv??t/o icii5 uSj UCC(IUS6 It IS 77i(L1l1/
leaded." The cases of Jamaica. Hayti, ;
ind Gaudaloupe, furnish but miniature
ixamples of what wo will yet be, if we
.ontinue to parley with the fanatics, fools
ind knaves, whose tender mercies we arc
iven now experiencing. It is dishonorable,
it is cowardly, it is slavish indeed, to
ihrink from ond thmi/i th? ?
*>r% vwiwvr? t// / \
'overing the inheritance of our fathers,
ipon our children.
L.
From the N~. Orleans Picayune.
LATER FROM TEXAS.
By the arrival here this morning of the
steam ship Fanny, Capt. Scott, from Larnca
the 20th, and Galveston the 30th
nit., we have the Corpus Christi Star to
the 26th, and the Galveston Civilian and
Gazette of tho 30th ult.
A gentleman who arrived at Corpus ,
Dhristi direct from San Antonio nn fliA i
24 th ult., reports that the cholera was i
raging among the troops encamped noar
that place, the deaths averaging thirty :
i day. lie also states that all the troops |
were on furlough, meaning, wc suppose,
that they had received permission to
scatter themselves about the country.
The disease was also prevailing to an
darming extent among the citizens.
Wc tako the following in relation to
Indian outrages from the Corpus Chriati
3tar of the 20th ult.:
The I n'dx aks.?Sine* onr last we have
heard of no fresh depredations hy the Indians
in this section. The horses stolen
from Sari Pntrlni<"? < .1 - 1 '
.....wi i?j iinvt; necn
taken by a band of white thieves, mixed
with Mexicans and negtbcs. They were
pursued by?. party of citii ns who kept
them in view for ton miles, but being
badly mounted wero unable to overtake
them. |
A gentleman iu this town has received
n letter from a Mexican friend of his at
Laredo, wnioh gives an account of a rencontre
with the Indians near that pHce. j
He says that a party of fifteen Caman- '
ches onived at the Ranoho Capita ^eno
and carried off a gir! about twelve years
old. Her father and relations immcdiiitely
oalled together the inhabitants of
the other ranchos and pursued them, but
being badly mounted tneir force gradually
diminished until they were only oight
men left, who, being mends of the unfortunate
captive and excited by a feeling
of anger against those atrocious Caribs,
resol ved to purette and punish them &e
vmly. On the 7 th inat. they overtook
at a place called Mngueyitos, (near the
old Rancho de Dolores, in the Laredo
district,) and after a fight of more than an
hour succeeded 111 rescuing the captive
girl. The Indians had three killed and
the Mexicans three wounded; the former
losing all their plunder and horses. Sinco
that day the Indians have relumed in
force, and now range the line with perfect
freedom, robbing the ranchos and
destroying every thing they can lay their
hands on.
Anotiieii Outraoe.-A Mexican named
Resendes arrived yesterday from Matamoras,
in company with four families who
intend settling here. On Wednesday
evening they encamped this side of the
Arroyo Colorado, and while the men
were out getting their cattle together, a
party of Indians attacked the camp and
carried off four women?two of them
married?and a female child two years
old. They took an old woman, whipped
her nearly to death, and let her go.?
When the men returned the Indians had
been gone some time, and they saw no
more of them or their unfortunate captives.
The same man leportcd that the old
and extensive Rancho do Rosalia, above
the town of Santa Rita, on the Rio
Grande, had been entirely broken up, and
nnd the inhabitants were making their
way to Corpus Christi. The whole Rio
Grande country, with the exception of the
large towns, is said to be completely de.
1 .1 T
noin;u, aim uie Indians roam at will, killing
man and beast wherever they meet
them. The inhabitants were casting longing
eyes to ths Government for relief,
and we hope it may arrive before it is too
late;
And Still Another.?Yesterday two
Mexicans, belonging to Col. McKinney's
Itancho del Oso, were shot on the West
bank of the Nueces, just above San Patricio,
and one of them, it is thought,
mortally wounded. The persons who
shot them are said to be whites, nnd
doubtless belong to the same gang who
stole the horses at San Patricio.
Mr. McGraw, who arrived from Laredo
on Tuesday last, reports that he saw
an Indian camp at Paso Ancho, about
thirty-two miles from here. From the
appearance about, he judged that a large
party had recently camped. Mr. McGraw
encountered two Indians on the
other side of the Rio Grande, about forty
miles from Gnnnv>m TKnw
him nt once, but being armed with a
double-barrel gun ho succeeded in beating
them off, wounding one. He was not
hurt, though the arrows fell around hirn
thick as hail. Some distance farther on
he saw'a party of ten or twelve Indians,
about a mile and half off the road, but
they did not attack him.
By a note received from Mr J. R. Holbein,
post master at Saluria, we learn that
on the 8th instant, a tornado blew with
rrronf C1..1 * -
x.?%v ?iuiviiuo iii iii13 VIUHlliy UI OitlUI Iil
and Deckro's Point, which levelled Severn
1 houses to the ground, unroofed several
others, and threw several of the
strongest built houses from their blocks.
No lives were lost, but a person named
Brown broke his collar bono by jumping
out of the second story window of Deck
ro's warehouse.
[i?Yo?i the Baltimore &un.]
NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA.
The U. S. ship Lexington, which left
San Francisco 27th Inst Novomber, arrived,
(as we stated yesterday in a telegraphic
dispatch) at New York, on Sun
uthy iiiuiuiii^.
The L. has been absent about 35 months.
She started from Son Francisco on the
25th of November, from Valparaiso on
the 1st March, and passed the U. 8. shin
Independence going into that port. On
the 22d of April she sailed from Ilio de
Janeiro.
one nas brought on treight from California,
twelve hundred and eighteen pounds
of grain fjold, having landed at Valparaiso
four hundred and fifty-eight pounds?
making a total of 1,676 pounds, troy
weight. One of her Bailors who shipped
at San Francisco for the voyage, brings
With him $0,000 in gold dust, which he
accumulated by a few months' digging.
Another, we understand, had 36 lbs.
i /noavWftT nnn \ .QV%a ftloA ^ J "
^ yiwvi VI )VV\/> ^ MIIV 1HU-1 ?|"\/ Ull IJUHIU a
number of curiously wrought guns, capturcd
from the Mexicans; sixteen composed
of braas, *md seven of iron?calibre,
oighteen and uine pounders.
I 8he experienced delightful weather
i during her pasaago. The accounts from
j the gold diggings aro of the mast f.cisfactory
tnd cheering character?in fact,
exaggeration is out of the question.
jn any part m a tract ot country to
the extent*of five or ?ix hundred miles,
the precious metal is found, and is card,
ed about by the fortunatu diggers in baga,
and this is the cane with all, from the highest
lady down to the humblest wasbcr
woman,
When they make purchases in the
stores, they give in exchange tins uncoined
gold, which is weighed in proportions
according to the vf luo of Jie articles purchased.
In San Francisco every article
of food and clothing is enormously dear.
Bologna sausages, for instance, are $2
12 1-2 a pound ; but at the digginngs the
profits ore considerably upwoi as of 200
per cent.?There has been considerable
suffering in conscquenoe of a want of shells..
?i ? ? - ?
I mji tmu unj?r lnoispensaDie conveniences
of life ; but this has been obviated to some,
extent by the arrival of frame houses and
tents.
At tlie diggings the only shelter at
first was the trees, which were totally indequate
to afford protect"nn against the
distreasirg effects of the climate. It is
said that there are but three months out
of the 12 in which the diggers can prosecute
their labors; but by industry and
I perseverance, a rich harvest may be
gathered in that time.
This arrival, with so largo an amount
] of gold, will bo the subject of important
speculations among the Wall street gentry,
and will so absorb the public attention
as to leave little time for calculating the
fatal effects of the prevailing epidemic.
THE INDIANS.
In the Brownsville Flag of the 24th
ult., we find the following feeling and
i truly melancholy details of Indian rava;
crp-c
The accounts that reach us state that
the Indians have bwe.pt, tempest-like,
towards their own homes. They bear
with them many captives, and thousands
of horses and nudes, ladened with plunder.
They have left a broad track of desolation
; what were once populous villages
are now deserted, or are the scats of
mourning.
This army when last heard from whas
moving along without oppo.-ition, gathering
prisoners find taking off property.
By the arrival of steamboats from towns
above, wo learn that families were seen
along the whole, lino of the river, hurrying
across to the Mcxican side for protection.
The river br j once crossed they
are safe. Their rai.onos may be burned,
their crops destroyed, their property pil
lnged, (heir valuable stock driven off, but
their wives, themselves and their children
are safe from these terriblo ravages.
The accounts that have reached us of
their treatment of women and children
are heart-sickening.
HENRY CLAY.
At a meeting of the citizens of Trimble
I rr.. i.-i.i .1-- /-./wi
I vuuuty, xvy., uciu on uie zum ummo, ni,
! the Court House, in the town of Bedford,
! without any distinction of party, tha following
resolutions, offered by John Robert,
Esq. a Whig, were adopted :-?7Vcgraph.
Be it further resolved, That the doctrines
published to the world by the Hon.
1 Ifftnw Cl:iv. in vfllnfinn in Atv?nn/Mv\ntir?ri
J J, ... ~ v.. ~
; are calculated, if carried out, not only to
i violate the Constitutional rights of this
| Commonwealth, but greatly to Injure the
[ condition of tho slaves, by corrupting
I th?ui.
Be it further resolved. As the sense of
i this meeting, thnt the opinions of the said
j iieniy tJlay, now made mamtest, upon
the subject of abolition or emancipation,
that ho is no longer deemed a fit instrument
to carry out the wishes and defend
the rights of the good people of tfhis Commonwealth
in the ?etmte of the United
States, and therefore, as the first act of
the next Legislature of Kentucky, he, tLo
said Ileury Clay, shoxdd be formally rc
t.: . u- o
1|UC3>ICU '.U lll? Bt'Ub IU VUU OC11UUU
of the United Suites,
i
Baooixo Factory Burned. The
large hogging factor}' of the Louisville
(Ky.) manufacturing company was entirely
destroyed by fire on Tuesday week.
The entire loas is estimated at forty thousand
doll are, o; ft half of whic'i is covercd
by insurnnce. The factory emplovvu
-.1 i 1 Jt t l ? . -
huoul one nuncireu una iwemy pertsop*.
who are all thrown out of employment.
The principal hooks nre in the vault,?*.
Columbia Telegraph.
Death of Capt. Edv7aiw> Dr.Afe.~~'Tbo
Brownsville Flng states that Capt. Edward
Deas, 4th U. S. Artillery, stationed,
at Camp Ringgold, was drowned from
on board the steadier Yazoo, near Rio
Orando City, on the 6th ult. Ce.pt.
Deas served on both lines dating the
Mexican war, and was taken prisoner
6hovtly before the battles of the 8th and
Oth of May, and carried into Matamoraa.
-?Telegraph.
CHOLERA.
New-York, June 8?6 p. to.
' i There worn 12 deaths from Cholora te
' j day, up to noon. The r.umber of <nees, J
. ba?e uot heard.
}

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