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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, June 30, 1849, Image 1

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KEOWEE COURIER.
|| % ,'li ' *
" TO THINE OWN ISELF BE TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE NIOHT THE DAT, TnOU CAN*flT NOT THEN BE FALSE TO ANY MAN."
| VOL. L v PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1849, NO. 7.
THE
KKOWEK COURIER,
PRINTED AND PUnUSHF-D WZEXLY UX
W. II. TRIMMIER.
J. W. N0RRI8, JE., ) ? ...
E. M. KEITH, \ Ediu>r9
TRRm
One Dollar and Fiflv Cents for ono vonr'n
milxicription -when paid within three months,
Two dollars if paynu-nt. U delayed to the close
of the subscription j oar.
All subscription 1 not clearlv limited, will be
considered as mado for an Indefinite time, and
continued till a discontinuance ia ordered and
all arrearages paid.
Actvertitnncn(a inserted at 1G cents por
aqtiare for tho first insertion, and 37 1-2 eta. for
each continued insertion. Liberal deductions
mado to tho"WJ advertising by the year.
ZW All Com m un icationa should be address
ed to the Publisher poet paid.
THE'CAMEL'."
IWe make the following cliract from the National
Intelligencer, written by "a traveller in
Syria aod "Arabia," upon the utility of tho
Camel, and ita adaptation to American nervicc:
We arc indebted to an esteemed friend
/I ? * ' 1 "
ior me suDjomeu paper upon the Camel,
from the pen "of a gentleman who has
had much experience of the habits and
character of the animal, and wishes to
see it imported into America for its serviceable
qualities. ,
It is a fact, well known to Eastern
travellers, and especially to to those who
nave visited the mountainous regions of
Syria, 'Palestine, and (ho Peninsula of
Sinai, that the oamel is as serviceable on
rough mountain paths as in the moving
sand of the desert. On this account the
modern Arab never troubled himself with
.. i ?1.:?~ tj? ...:H ? t.
iu<iu iii?niii^,. tic mil nut uven remove H
stone from the middle of tho path whu".
leads to his usual watering place. The
dry bed of u torrent is his hijjh road
across the mountains, and foot prints are
his guides through the plains. The
tough soles of the camels feet are af?
fected neither by the burning sand nor by
the loose sharp edged stones strewed
over that volcanic mountain range which
extends fitn. tho Taurus to the Indinn
Ocean. The long legged, sure footed
animal makes his way through the heavy
mud, crosses the rapid torrents, steps
over the huge stones and other impediment*
which he often encounters, and
this with a loa I upon bis back, nr<J ?omc?
times, perhaps, the additional weight of
the lazy driver, while the mule would be
utiablo to travel over the same ground,
though without any load whatever.
The camel is not exclusively mad<; use
of by the peaceable traveller and merchant.
Both tho privileged and unprivileged
robbers of Arabia and Africa prefer
them to the horses of Nedjdce or
Dongolc. The dromedary,* or running
camel, (in Arabic "bahree," or "bakeen,")
is not a particular spccies. Any young
camel may bo trained for racing and for
war, although tho mountain breeds are
best adapted for these purposes. The
cornel dunks only every second day; but
it may be deprived of water for three
dayH together, without any effect upon
its healtn and vigor. It will perform an
eight days' journey with no othor food
than three pounds of oil-cake and a few
handsful of grain, he dromedary carrel
sixty pounds' weight, in addition to
its rider; and it will outstrip the fleetest!
horse in a day's march, The "cavoss"
of the Egyptian Government travel or.
dromedaries from Cairo to Suez, a distance
of ninety-three miles, in eight hours.
It takes brv half a minuto to secure tho
eamel in its sitting posture by the bridle'
string, so that it can neither rise nor
??nt.U roleaseit Camels would.
Uivi v/ ' * <
therefore, p-ff^rd as "rot^ctj^ J
to mounted riflemen against t?o attacks
of cavalry ?.s chevaux-de-frise.
The common day's journey of caravans
in Syria and Arabia is from twentyfive
to twenty-neven English miles, and
the load of each carats) lit uutWcSii four.
and five hundred weight. The Indian
mail it conveyed from Sues to Cairo on
camels in eighteen hours. An Egyptian
camcl, amongp.t the tallest and ?tror?ge#t
Kvi*?k/1o \tr.W fl'irnf ft fillAvf. dlof
?n V VUs',. Will V???* J) iV? W """? ? U?WViU?UV
si* hundred io one thousand yards?-from
ten to twelve cWt.
The camel is also very successfully
employed for draught by the eip^ncer
department of Aden. It is far superior !
io the *Iow and greedy ox, (an anirrial
s which notie but a persevering Dutchman
ever forces to a trot. The camel draws !
as flfekch as two oxen; it, It walks twief* aa
fast, and it certaiuly do^not cat more
than one ox. It may be^feroften hi when
three years old; and will be useful And
active io the age of fifteen or twsnty.--*
Tlwbest food on journeys is oil-cake,
nnil i-Arm
vy,p/V, - w<w^f .
Tl<c camel ia ccrtainly mort useful'
than ejth?r the lama, mule, horse, or or, |
as w?11 on account of i* s superior strength,'
frugality, endurance, and willingness, as m
of its adaplibility to every climate and
every soil, On the journey from Damascus
to the coast, in the month of
March, or from Koniah to Smyrna, tho di
traveller often passes in a day from the Si
snows of the mountain to tho burning b<
sand of the desert?a ohange which has la
no effect upon his hardy beast. j th
Amongst the Mohammedans camel's ;
flesh is an artiolo of food. When young ;
it is not efts?ly distinguished from beef, i m
Camel's milk is the chief food of the !
wandering Arab: and the hide of the an- i
imal is considered superior to every other I *'
for sanrtrtls ' na
"7 I g.
I have thus enumerated some of the j
advantages which would render the in- ^
traduction of the camel into America an i ^
inestimable beneCt. The is no reason
why the camel should not be as sewrice- sjr
nble to man on the prairies of Texas and ji(j
the mountain regions of Mexico, New ^
Mexico, and California, as in the corres- c(^
ponding tracts of the Old World?the ^
line of country from Orenburg to Mogadore,
and frcm Mogadore to Pekin.
It would be acclimated as soon and as j3 j
easily as the rrauis asinus, no species of j
which existed here until the Spaniards ,
imnAvtftfl ?%*%A ? xT' ^
,vv? ?iv uvisu oiiu t?s, uiiu me n uw |
World already possess an nnimnl of a cor- | Pr
responding species to the camel?the Pa
i?m?. ? S
Camels are often tormented by sore
humps and the mange, which, from the re{
innate carelessness of the Arab, are often j8 ,
neglected until they put an end to the 13
animaVs*usefulnes8. There are also other tjj,
defects, which th? rlpnlf>r? nrr> m
ou3 in concealing as any dealer in horse- ^hi
flesh in the Old or New World. In pur- ^
ehasjing, therefore, it i.? necessary to be a
acquainted, not only with the nnture and (j0
habits of the animals, but also with the C01
"language and character of the dealers, y^
and with the laws which regulate cattle- wj]
dealing?laws wliich are the same wher- mc
i J-'-- -
viv/i mvi aiauiu i? bj.iub.uu hiia me rvorun
revered. I have seen camels of burden ,
sold for $3 and for 860, and running ~
camels for $20 and for $200. The cheapest
and th^ best aro to be procured in
those placcs where there is least foreign >w
trade; for example, Mogadore, in the fS
Khalifat of Morocco. j
? fy"
T m "7 n i Tr?nnr?nc?^\*? TA * ? " '
v. *ai*iVin AHV -"V V15.""
Queer things happen in this world. A del
few ycino uuo a younsr man On the Hanks ti
of the Southern Mississippi eloped with fia
tbe daughter of an old planter, as the fa- bul
ther would not consent to the marriage, ive
Time rolled on; the daughter died, and
the father and widowed husband met on ,
the bloody but victorious field of Buena , J
Vista. On that terrible dav. amid scenes .
of carnage and valor, the {gallant young ^.ah-.ro
sustained well and nobly the gallan- '
try of his countiymen, and the old hero, rcc
extending to him his hand for the first
time since the marriage of his daughter, hnj
said, "Sir, my daughter was a better
judge of character than I am. Here is hlv
my hand,"
1 j i tfill
i nu jrwra iiuvu jtussuu nway. .ft. . .
President is to inaugurate. The son-in- u'
law, now a member of the United States ?
Senate, is appointed chairman of a com- *.
mitlec to wait upon the President and in- ,1
form him of his election. Then again the nj{5
father and son-in-law met. That was a
proud meeting for Jefferson Dans. It i . '
?t.s his hour ot victory. We would rath-1 s'11
or have bcon Davis than Taylor. The | w?
sweet whisperings of the spirit voice of1 c'1'
the 'departed one' must have been with
him there.?Mis&isaippian,
?. but
A 8
The Sheriff of Cleaveland county, N. col
0., a short time emuS, >yhi!e byntij:^ ?.n
.t.: J _ '
wiu uepieuuiors on iuu property i?nu per*
son of Mr. Norton, was himself arrested
in the lower part of this county as one
of them ; he refusing, it. was said to tell ,
his name or business. He was carried
before a Magistrate, but recognized by a P*
citizen of Lincoln, and discharged. We
understand a writ for (1,000 damages rtr
baa been issued against the arresting par- f ,u
ty.?-Lincoln Courier. Pn
coi
*' /. "*! ckfftl
Trimmjko Fruit Tukm.?The last of
May ant! first of June w a favorable tim) ,
to lop off, smoothly, the small sprouts f?'
whicn usually, at this period, are noticeable
on the trunks, and noar the roots of
fruit, trees. When this n<rrosaary opera*
tionw performed at tho time here indica- 0 .
ted, the wounds soon heal over, unless the Pri
limbs are largo. When grafts have been 001
inserted, the foliage should be carefully "V
cut away in order that the warmth of the j
sun mav oenetrate to then? and impart .
vigor to tJw> young shoota. In trimming t!M
ft-utt troflH of all kicle, ca/e sho\ild be ?r
had to amputate at clowk to the trunk ,
aa possible. Vfo long1 Btumpa should be J*
ETIIODIST KWSCOPAI. C CII, |
SOUTKI.
Previous to the division of the Methost
Episcopal Church in the United
tates, by which the North and the South
:came separated, that church was the
rgest in this country, nuinbering more
an a miPio" ">f members. But the unippy.
contentions about slavery made
'o of it, which, of course, so reduced the
ombership as to prevent either half from
peating their frequent boast of being
e larmt Hnnnmtnn<in? in ilm tt? I
_ , D ?i< vuu * ' inuil.
ie Northern division is the largest, but,
that part could not fellowship the
mth enough to live with them as broth 3,
It goes hard now to Include them in
eir church statistics in order to outnumr
the other sects. But while the
Drth has decreased for several years
ice the division took place, the South
s steady gfiined in numbers. We
irn f om vne Southern Christian Advote,
t tat there arc now in the South nineEm
i^nnual Confnroncoci. ?v>?, I
mthern States and tho Indian Territory,
le general superintendence of the whole
in tlie hands of four Bishops; the regur
pastoral and missionary work is enistod
to the care of 1470 travelling
eachers, being an increase during the.
st year of 73. The total number of 1
pcrannuated preachers is 108 ; and of
uil preachers 8020, a decrease of 110, ;
ygh some of the Conferences give no j
urns. The total number of members '
401,780, viz : whites 354,258, colored
4,153, Indians 8,375, exhibiting upon
3 returns of last year the largo increase
20,233. The missionary c?3leotions of
j past year are reported from sixteen of
5 nineteen Conferences, a-'d amount to
little upwards of $65,000. Putting 1
wn the Conferences not reported acding
to the returns of the previous
ir, the aggregate missionary revcnxie
11 stand at about ?07.000. im inmmvn.
mt of more than $4000 upon last year's
erations.
the immenso property vested in the
ok concern, &c., claimed in part by the
uth, and in whole by the North, still
aains without a settlement, fiutwheththe
South should finally obtain what
!y consider their just portion of that
jperiy or not, they will move on strong :
for although thev have embarrassnts
f'-otn slavery, infty are a body of
crmined, efficient men. And whether 1
i North extend to them the hand of
ternal friendship, or not, it will make 1
t little difference to them.?Boston 01- '
Brauch, 1
<
Bdrnino of Washington.?The Lon1
TinrtOa rv'itfAo
? wito IUUUG1II uuu picauuw
r version of the burning of Washington
the year 1814) in connexion t/.th the
ent violences in Canada i
"Under ordinary circumstances, it is (
possible to guard afiainst a surprise, i
5 remember another House of Assem- ,
' in North America, situated fifty rtriles j
\hd/ in the heart of twenty States and
i millions of men. One fine day a hand- (
of men, about as large as the Montreal
k i? i?j-J *
->, o.mh;u up u uav. muucu, mnrcuca ,
ough some woods, jought a smart ac- j
i, walked up to a city, passed a quiet
lit, and the next day burnt or blew up ,
the buildings of the capital; matched .
5k ns merrily as they CAuie, got to their ,
ps, and sailed further m here they fared j
rse. It was all a mere piecc of mis- ,
ef, unworthy the name of war, doing (
,hing but to exasperate the people ana |
Inn thn hlWlrtVl nnrJ nrnnintv nntliitiM
I that it was Impossible for us to hol<l |
ingle inland position in the eu6i'riyf5 | y
intry for more than twenty-four hours," ,
HX "Mm j
PRtCTICE OF THE EARLIER
PRESIDENTS.
Hie Washington correspondent (Ion)
the Baltimore Sun furnishes us the fo!
ving rich paragi aph in referes * to the
ict conformity of the AdmwmtrJjtitn; +o
) example of the earlier Presidents in
sserviiig the etnetest neutrality in the
iduot of our foreign affairs:?Carolini"So
resolute is General Taylor iflkbis
termination to keop the United Spfes 1
imelowi of partiality or interference in
y coming strife of pow^ra and people in
nopo, that he has directed copiva qC
Washington's Farewell Address to he
nted and sent to e*cry diplomatic and
isukr representative of this govern:nt
in Europe and in all other portions
the world?a precaution which cannot
too mnch conameudfid, if we consider
it many of item?ever read that pager,
in fact muck of any thing else. The
rewell Addfljsa has been made a part
the instruction* of evny representative
the country abroad."
' 11 1
"Don't pull >>/f the Suckers.?It is not
an unfrequent practice with farmers, at
the second com hoeing, to pull off the
scions or sprouts, commonly called suckers,
which spring up at the root of the
main stalk.
"The argumont is, their presence and
growth abstract so much from the vigor
and size of the main stalk. This is a
great mistake. The main stalk is not in
J ... V. v*M4i?uoaivU^ UUV OUpJJUI vcu uy 11.
Besides this sucker is indispensable to a
full crop of corn.
"The Zea Maya (or Indian corn) is a
diocian plant; that is, in its inflorescence,
the staminato and pistilate blossoms are
on'diffcrent parts of the same plant. The
silk is the pistilate blossoms, and .has one
thread attached to each kernel. The tassel
is the staminate blossom; containing
tho pollen. As the silk and^tftssel make
their appearance at,the#samc time, the
pollen, being a fine dust, is broughj by |
the agency of the wind in? contact with
thfi sifif- and (lift ffnnnfiitinn nf til"
?, Wi V1?\. agiuci
produced. In every instance In which
any individual thread of the silk fails of
contact with the pollen, a vacancy on the
cob occurs.
"The tassel withers and the pollen disappears
long before the cob attiuns iti
full growth. Hence the silk at the end
of the cob fails to receivc its supply of
pollen, and the consequence is a barren
cob end. To meet this deficiency of pollen,
the suckor, which is on a tassel-bearing
plant, comes forward in exact time,
and supplies the pollen needful to the fil
ling out of the end of the cob with grain.
Undoubtedly this arrangement adds much
to the corn, and teaches us that the Creator's
provisions are exactly right. Therefore
you are cautioned, don't pull off the
suckers."
THE CHOLERA.
The following artirln Rrmpnrofl in
National Intelligencer of tfie 16th inst.
CUftE AND PREVENTION OF CIIOLEUA.
SpMucTcamphor, }eac'1' 2ounc<aTinoture
Cayenne Pepper, 2 drachms.
Tincture Ginger, 1 ounce. |
Essence Peppermint, 2 ounces, i
Hoffman's Anodyne, 2 ounces.
Mi* all together. Dose, a table spoon
full (in a little water) for an adult.
This prescription is carricd on nearly
ill the boats on the Western Waters, and
will check diarhcea in ten minutes, and
abate the other nremonitow svmntnm? of
_ 4 J -J ?v*
:holera immediately. I have tried it in
my own person, and have given the re;ipe
to over one hundred persons.
Taos. 8. Bryant,
Paymaster United States Army.
"San Francisco, April 9th, 1849.
"There is indeed gold and 'much gold'
in California, but it requires great sacrifice
of the usual, I will not say comfort,
but necessaries of life to obtain it. During
the winter, very little can be done
l? ,i: : iJ 17
UJf UlVUlllg I/IUIII IMC IIlUIllll OI
July till October, the miners are exposed
to the bilious remittent fever?a disease
which nearly cost me my life last sumncr.
I have not aa yet recovered from
t3 effects.
At present, a person working at the
nines muy make from $12 to $70 per day
?but, occasionally, ? man may find a ,
rich spot and make aa much as $600 or i
BQ00 per day for a short time. A spot I
that docs not yield $16 per day is not'
ionsidered trood. It Li imntrasihffl to snv I
how long this will last. The expenses
lcross the Isthmus arc exorbitant?much
ietention is experienced. Perhaps it
wrou'd be as weii for you to take a p?slage
on board a vessel! around the Cape.
Should you decide on comming, it would
be well to come alone. This country in
its prcsattt condition is no place f6r a family.
You could not get a house for thorn.
Many families are obliged to live in tents.
A. r/Crvant J* not to be had at any price.
My wife is constrained to do her own
Imnan Wrtrlr unrl r.nftUinir. We nav f.'200
per month for a very inferior houi*.
If you come, I would advise you to
take with you as little baggage nr. possible,
(especially if you come through tho Isthmus)
ana nothing fur J.hc purpose of
sofcculating; do not buy even A gold mtidifte?plenty
here, better than those
from tho States. Once here, you would
Boon find something to do. I expect to
leave thus place in five or sis months for
Charleston. The market here will soon
' ie glutted, and heavy losses will be experienced
by those who have bought freely.
Those who will hereafter arrive here
with goods will certainly be. disappointed.
Mon?r thhina ira almflrtu ft* Law httrfl lil in
Ne^Yprk?"*""""
IMHU? 11.
No vooym U oapabk of being beauts
ful who ia not movable of being false.
I A Convaloscing "Son."?The Picayune
is responsable for the following anccdote:
' Gougk'd.?We are indebted to a friend
I from the country for the following little
anecdote, showing how one of the "Sons"
recently got gouglid, which, being interpreted,
meaneth getting "high," "tight,"
"flldHlcd " Tt cflflmo Ai.i.
?_ - ~ uv^uino vaav vui n;ui|JUl UUUC
man had a "shako" with the cholera, but
fortunately recovered. When he was
getting convalescent, as the doctors say,
his physician prescribed a little brandy?
an ounce ppr day?nnd the patient at
once sent out and procured a quantity of
the "article."
On the following afternoon the physician
paid a visit to the cholera man, and,
to his astonishment, ftiund him in a most
excellent flow of spirits?or, in other
words, quite yougtiiU On inquiring into
this singular statc^oT things, the medicine
man cxcl iimed : "Did I not prescribe an
ounce only of brandy ncr dav?" "Yos.
sir," replied the cliolem man ; "but then
you must know, doctor, I had no scalcs
to weigh it in, and remembering that
eight arams make an ounce, I had no
scruples in measuring it out in that way.
Yesterday I took eight good 'horns,' and,
have already had three this morning, and
feel much the better from it. You're n
first rate cholera doctor, you are !" The
doctor then went to his next patient.
Search for Sir John' Fbamki.tv ?
"Our readers have heard much about a
certain expedition now fitting out by the
express command of General Taylor, to
go through the arctic regions in surch of
a British officer?Sir John Franklin.
This expedition has been universally
commended by the Whig and Democratic
presses; but there is quite as much reason
to censure it, as for disapproving that
under Lieut. Lynch. Some Whig papers
have even blamed President Polk for not
sending out to look for the lost cxpe
ditionof Sir John Franklin some time ag<\
whon the appeal was not made by Lady
Franldin until after Mr. Polks term had
expired."
The above is from the Richmond Enquirer,
and we copy it merely for the
purpose of correcting our contemporary.
The Georgia Constitutionalist, Democratic
and '.he New Orleans Bulletin, Admin
stnrtion, together With the South Carolinian,
have all dcclaicd that the Adminhave
no authority under the Constitution
for fioinjT out this expedition. We would
he glad if the press.genera/ly, would pay
some attention to the matter, as there
doso not exist, in our opinion, any grant
in the Constitution that can be construed
as giving the least shadow of authoiity
for this act of nationul benevolence.
Unconstitutional usurpations of power by
the Executive Branch cf the Government
should be handled without gioves.
SOURCE OF ELECTRICITY.
The earth is the great reservoir of electricity,
from which the atmosphere and
clouds receive their portion of this fluid.
It is during the process of evaporation
that it is principally excited, and silently
conveyed to the regions ohovc ; and also
during the condensation of this same vapor
the grand and terrific phenomena of
thunder and lightning are made manifest
to our senses.
In order to form a correct estimate of
the immense poWer of this agent in the
production of electricity, we must, bring
to our view the quantity of water evaporated
from the surface of th? : ml
also the amount of electricity that may
be developed from a single grain of this
liquid. According to the calculations of
Cavallo, about five thousand two hundred
and eight millions tons of water
are probably evaporated from the Mediterranean
Sea, in a single summer's day.
To obtain some idea of the vast volume
of vrr.ter thus daily taken up by the thirsty
heavens, lot us compare it with something
rendered fnore apparent than this
invisible process, President Dwijjhtand
Professor Darby, have both estimated
iiiu uuKUUty ui wawi ui ut;i|Jiuucu gvur
the Falls of Niagara at more than clever*
millions tons per hour. Yet all the water
passing over the cataract in twontv
days would amount only to that ascending
from the Mediterranean in one day.
More recent estimates make the mean
evaporation from the whole earth as equal;
to a column of thirty-five inchos from,
every inch of its surface in a year, whicK
gives ninety-four thousand four hundred
and fifty cubic miles, as the quantity eoninually
circulating through the atmosphere.
"What's that dog barking at?" asked a
fop, whose boots were more poUihed than
his id<Ai?3.
"Why/1 *epU?d. a bystander, "be.
oauae h^ ftecs another puppy in your
boots."

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