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TII F. tSTHMl'S RAILROAD.
Tl* Ncvr York Journal of Commerce
calls attention to the proposed Isthmus
Railroad route to the Pacific, and to the
surveys recently inadc. Results of sur
*ry# uius im, nnvw inu luiiuwnig uuui.'
pooled facilities for a railroad, viz:
Whole length from sea to sea not
exceeding 40 m.
Summit level, under .... 300 ft.
Curvatures, withno radius less
than 1,500 ft.
Grade for about 20 miles, from
Atlantic to Clmgres river nowhere
exceeding (per mile) - ft.
From Clingroa river to summit
level, about 10 miles, nowhere
exceeding per mile 20 ft.
From summit level, for about 3
milew, nowhere exceeding per
mile 50 ft.
And thence descending nbout
xeven miles to the Pacific.
ainionais 01 sione ana iiniocr p.oununni,
and of good quality, nnd nn excellent hnrlx>r
at Navy Bay, p?x miles distant from
The cost of the road will be much less
than was anticipated. A million dollars,
it is owned, will undoubtedly put it in
opera'ion from Panama to the navigable
waters, of Chagres river. This being done,
the company will come at once into the
receipt 01 a large revenue, nnd can take
their own time, within six years, to concfnint
CA/>4i/\n f Un tuMni vlinr/i
ovi uv/v viiv> ov/vuvii icviu iui; |iviuu nuv.iv
tho road crosses Cbngres river to Navy
I3ay, the intended terminus on the Atlantic
side. The excellence of Navy Day as
a harbor, and also of Panama harbor; on
th? icific side, is shown in a letter published*^from
Lieut. Porter, of the U. S.
navy, who has personally examined both.
The Journal says:
At the..very outset the gentlemen who
undertook this matter deposited a lar^e
sum of money us a pledge for the fulfil
inrDt oi me unaeruiKin^. i ncn mey sent
out a large and efficient corps of engineers,
(o make an accurate survey of the
whole line. This object has been accomplished,
and it is ascertained that the
route is more favorable than any one had
dared to hope. No ^rado. will exceed
50 feet to the mile, while for much the
greater distance (say HO miles out of 40)
no grade will exceed 20 feet to the mile.
Some of the grades on the Boston and
Albany Railroad are 83 feet.
The grantees proposes flow to distribute
a portion of the stock among the
public, after reserving to themselves $50,
000 and an interest in the lands as a consideration
for the value of the grant, their
risks and services, <fcc. For this purpose
the commissioners have invited sealed np
inclosing $10 on each share (of 100) subscribed.
A project of such vast importance to
the world, yet so cheap, will no doubt
attract great attention.
Mexican Protocol Difficulty Settled.?A
Washington correspondent of
the Philadelphia American, gives the following
"It is confidently asserted in high democratic
quarters, that Mr. Buchanan has i
received a letter, from Mr. Clifford, the
U. S. Minister at Mexico, stating that the
Mexican Congress had approved of the
principles and arguments advanced by
Mr. Clayton in the discussion with Senor
de la Kosa. touching the matter of the
Protocol, and to that extent had disapproved
of the ground assumed by their
representative. For the authenticity of
the fact, I profess to give no better authority
than the declarations of gentlemen
occupying high social and political
positions, and who were intimate in the
councils of the late administration."
[From the Jjuliimore $??.]
Nvw-V awv Tinno OA
We have dates here from San Jose to
the 30th of April, from which we learn
that over seven thousand Mexicans have
left lower California for the mines.
The Americans who desire engaging in
mining on the Gila riuer, have been prevented
by the disparity of their numbers
and the constant fear of enroachments upon
them by the Mexicans.
Fifteen thousand stand of English muskets
have been sent to the mouth of the
Gila liver from Mazatlan. A rumor is
prevailing, which has caused much ex
citement, to the cffcct, that the Mexican
government intend disputing and contesting
the decision and action of our American
Commissioner in relation to the boundary.
The Mexicans profess to claim all the
rich mines of Gila and its tributaries.
The Amemcan8 and the Komanb.? |
A correspondent of the tribune onnounit.-.
S*et i'a ? ? - ?- a?li?a . j i
we iiic luut uiiit wo\j were coiiinuuwia
by the Americans in Rome towards defraying
tne hospital expences of the brave
Italians wounded in the endeavor to de*
fend their citv from French invasion. Mr.
IJrown, our Consul, contributed a han?6mc
portion of this amount. The correspondent
comments upon this fact as
follows: "I value this mark of sympathy
rooj c because of the irritation and sur
prise occasioned here by Mic 'position of
Mr Cogs the Bnyoy. ft is mob* ucior'VsjS^
tunate that we should have an Envoy
here for the first time just to offend and
disapoint the Romans. When nil the 0
other ambassadors are at Gaeta, ours is 1
in Rome, as if by his presence to discoun- 1
tenance the Republican Government, *
which he does not recognize.?Mr. Cass 1
it seems, is limited not to recognize the I
Government till it is sure it can be sustained."
Saturday, July 7, 1849.
With a view of accommodr' >ng our Sub- 1
scribers who live at a distance, ?hc following 1
gentlemen nre authorized and requested to i
act as agent;) in receiving and forwarding SubI
script ions to tlic Kcowrt Coi'Eir.n, vix:
Maj. W. S. Grisiiam, at Wch Union.
Edwako Hvuiieb, Esq., " llorso Shoe.
P. P VrtiNrn Pin " n?rlii>li)r'ii Rr>tr<>ii(.
M. F. Mitchell, Esq.. " I'ickensville. 1
J. E. IIacood, " Twelve Mile.
T. J. Wf.bb, for Anderson District.
FOURTH OF JULY.
At the hour appointed a respectable number *
of citizens (including a goodly number of the ]
! fairer |??wrt of creation) had assembled in the
Court. J louse. The Society was called to order,
and the Declaration of Independence read by '
J. W. Norris, Jr., after which Mr. Eaalkv was '
' introduced to the audience, which lie enterI
tained with an oration of SO minute.*, delivered
in a style highly crcditablc to the Orator. ^
As wo have not room to refjort the specch
entire, we propose to give to our readers the '
substance of the pawing tribute paid Mr. Polk'
with which we have been kindly furnished by
the author. f
"Mr. Polk, that front man whoso wisdom 1
lifts done so much for the glory, prosperity nnd j
power of our country. Wlio, having taught
the nat ions of Europe to respect our cbaractcr,
court our favor, and fear our resentment, and
having added to the area of freedom the immense
region* of New Mexico and California,
ricli in exhaust less mines of silver nnd gold, in
a salubrious climate nnd exuberant soil and *
girdled by rivers and seas in whose capacious f
harbors the navies of nations may ride in safe- j
ty, has died in the meridian of his usefulness ^
?in the vigor of manhood, before the prejudices
of party had sufficiently subsided to do
justice to his character, or to acknowledge the '
greatness and glory of his achievements. It '
whs -i mournful hour for our country when j
Tolk departed, for none greater or nobler lias ,
he left behind. Combining the wisdom nnd j
model-fttioa of W.^miKton and Jefferson with ,
the daring cnterprizc ol: *7li<! '.lilCCUd
t?ic counsels of Senates and planned the vieto- q
ties of armies: and though he sat at the helm i
in a stormy time, when the ship was blown ;
alxmt bv the winds of discord and tossed on .
the waves of faction, he brought her safely info ,
LL*u ..j? !?*. ~ ,_ Jli.i. *
j/vi i, JUUV II nun a ungu ui tuuum;wj utaiui.
No long list of noble ancestors, by shedding a '
fictitious lustre around liis birth, opened the <
road to his elevation; liko Marias, his grout 1
cl?"ds vrerr> his ancestors, and the truth of his (
heart the evidence of his nobility. By the (
force of native genius hfi rttose from obscurity
to power, and side by side with the greatest of
the great, has inscribed Ins name on the tablets
of fame. It matters not that envy sought to s
nongle, or ambition to destroy hi;n, fer long f
after his petty enemies *luill have been lost <]
and forgotten in the dimness of the gone by ^
time?long after the names of whig and democrat
shall have ceased to be party distinctions, 11
his memory shall be ehcrished by millions of '
tV. 1 _L.1I 1
iit niicii, uiv guiucii jnu.w. un ui v miiuuiui Biiuii | *
stand the imperishable monuments of his pa- il
triotism, while the winds that shall blow ovor f
the blue depths of the Pacific, wafting the na- v
vieB of commerce to her shores, shall tell of
LAST ILLNESS OF MR. POLK. I
We learn from the Nashville True Whig, q
tliat Mr. i'olk's disease, of which ho lingered ^
about two weeks, wu' of a chronic naturo,
i?? ?.1 ?:.v 1? "
11<??**ij$ ucvia uuuuicu wait iv muro vr n;?a tur
more than 27 years, probably aggravated by '
the cholera epidemic which hat*. been raging in C
that city sometime previous to his arrival.? <
He bore bin Buffering with fortitude and reslg.
nation. He retained his consciousness, almost
to the moment of his dissolution. At a period ?
when his physicians considered his case very .
critical; he said he felt satisfied, that the end 1
of his earthly career, was fast approaching; r
that he wished to send eomc word to his be- t
loved mother, whom he understood was no un* x
well, that she might not be able to como to sec j
him; he spoke Most affectionately of her and (
other members of his family; he requested a
friend to tell his mother, that, should they not I
be permitted to meet on earth again, he had an I
abiding nope, through Uivlnc mercy, tlicy fi
would meet hereafter. t
"Early in his sickness, wc understand, he j
connectcd himself with the Methodist Episcopal
Church. A furcral ?ermon was delivered
by the Itev. J. B- McFcrrin, of that church, and
hia remains followed to their resting place by
? large coocourg-i of citizen*.. Me was interred
with Masonic ceremonies, having been a
member of that fraternity.
It is said ho leaves an estate valued at about
one hundred thousand dollars; the greater part
of which'is nettled upon his amiable lady.
GEORGIA WHIG CONVENTION.
A Whig Convention Bsfrembled at Milledge
villo, On., on 26th ult., ami on the 2nd hullot
chooic Hon. Ed war J Y. Mil, sis their enndidato
for Oorerqor. 1
II " '
THE GIRLS OF BATESV1LLE.
n-i... ii.., :n_ r 1 ? a :n ..uu.i.in. i
1 ilf ds^ivf *?* nj^uniu^
f the lair, lately given in that place for the
K-nefit of the M. K. Church, uses the following
anguage in refercncc to the young ladies of
hat place: "As to our girl>s we have eomeliiug
undor a legion, most of whoa' have more
>urity in their nature, more music in their bou1(
nore magic in their step, more grace in their
nein, more woman in their form, more flowers
n their fancy, more ease in their manners,
nore influence in their nets and more of everyhing
comely in their jwlicy, than uny circle
ivithin the sphere ofour~acquaintance. The mar-ied
In<lie8 nee?l not supjjosc themselves overooked,
for all mu.?t know that it takes genuine
Mother.*, to raise such daughters."
ILLNESS OF OKN. SCOTT.
Wc regret to learn (nayf the Baltimore Clip>or)
from our Washington CorreBpondent, tlwt
Major Gen. Scott in lying quite ill at "West
point, from an attack of chronic <liarrh<ca,
with which he has been troubled ever bince
lis return from Mexico.
Artemns Gould has been elected President
,f a. t 1. i- en n
U IIIU luuviiuiiitn JHMIK U| illl^uaiu, IU UU UIC
place of M". A Sibley, deceased.
Col. T. L. Crittenden, who han been appointed
Consul at Liverpool, wc arc informed, is on
lis way to enter upon the duties of that office.
CHOLERA IN PHILADELPHIA.
The Cholera in Phila <-Iphia is abating
'rom the 80tl? May to 2ftrd June there were
jnly 54 ca?cf?. of which 23 were fatal.
RAIL ltOAD DIVIDEND.
The Charleston Courier of the 28th ult,
says th"! Directors of the South Carolina Hail
lload Company, have declared a dividend of
pi 00 per bhare, exclusive of the Bank divilend.
Correspondence of the "Kcowcc Courier."
Pontotoc, Miss., June lOlh, 1840.
Messrs. Editors:?Before leaving "the
>1(1 South State" I promised to write you,
md am now Rented to jot down n few of
ny observations in this quarter, as being
more worthy of note than any thing I
wiw in other States through which I have
travelled. You perceive by my locality
it this time that I have not progressed
n my journey according to expectation
when I left home. But the reason, I
liol.l, is a very substantial one: that terrible
scourge of the human race, the chol"rS,
is making sad havoc of human life all
ilong the valley of the Mississippi River
md in Texas, and one has but poor 6CCU-iAy
lUo iUiUllgtl illU IfilA
IMI jliA -..1
vvwu IV^IVII. ^&1IU 11IUCUU IUU IIIIUIIU*
owns arc not free from an occasional
ase; but these arc generally persons who
lave been infected with the contagion
ilsewhere, and who get home only to die,
>r who die on the road home fWnii ihe
nnrkets, as New Orleans, Memphis, &c.
t really touches the heart to hear the
ad fate of the poor waggoners, who have
alien victims on the road side to this
I! i'l ?* %
iirviui jK'smcnce, wiui no Kina nana near
o do the ofiicea of affections in the last
uelancholly scene of life, or drop a friendy
tear upon the cold sod which covers a
mshand or a father. Yet notwithstanding
the fate of many who have gone heore
them, you see the roads still plied
with waggons, laden with cotton, bound
or market. I was in a days ride of
demphis the other day, and in coming
>ack almost every waggoner I met in[uired
for a waggon ahead, anxious, no
loubt, to overtake his fellow-waggoner
ind get company; so that if they should
akc the cholera, they would not at least j
Without a grave, unkncllcd, uncoffinod and
Hut although there are few bona-Jule
lascs of Asiatic cholera originating in the
nland country, yet there is an cpidcmic
tovr pre /alcnt here which has some of
he symptoms of cholera. It is a diarhcea
of an inflammatory character, and
n many cases proves fatal. It has creat
;a Roineiuing 01 a panic ncre, and some
>ersons have left the town and gone ?o
he country in consequence. Physicians
ay that the same causes which produce
iii? disease, would produce cholera, if
wwerful enough. From this, I take it,
hat this disease is nothing less than
i._i : / tt- i
iuuiciu in wmuuuivu lurm. j nave never
mown any tiling so general, almost every
ndividual feting more or less affected
The face of tlu^OHHtry here presents
in appearance very different from thd
ipper part of South Carolina. The
;ountry is new, part of it quite broken
md hilly, aitd generally covered with
rcry rich vegetation. The timb# Jfl
urge and tall, and islands very thick on
he ground; here the farmers tag# great
. M>. ' ; V
difficulty in keeping their ground clear of
fallen trees, Mr. H?? shewed me n
white oak on his plantation near lids,
that wouid measure 9 feet in diameter at
its base, I observed that it was dead,
as were also many others in the vicinity
that wero nearly as large. Upon en
% * * % % 1
quinng me cause, lie 101a me tney una
been killed by a hailstorm n year or two
ngo. So it seems they have hail in this
country in proportion to the size of the
trees. The soil here is rich, so much so
that the richest bottom-growth is not unfrequently
met with on the summit of the
highest hills. The forms generally lie
very conveniently for the purposes of
tillage, but it is in some of the lower
counties in the prairies, that the most
i ... a i . n
ucuuuuu iarms are 10 ue wen. vrujj*
look badly and arc quite backward.?
Farmers aro complaining a great deal
about the lice eating up the cotton, nnd
some say the crop will be cut short. One
of the most distinctive features of this
country, perhaps, is the vast quantity of
sea-shells that lie scattered all over the
I country, in the prairies, on the hill sides,
and in the beds of water courses. How
these shells ever found their way into
this back country, I shall not at prcsout
1 undertake to explain. The only hypothesis,
however, that is at all satisfactory
in relation to them, is, that at some period
of the world, this whole country
must have been under the dominion of
( Neptune, and when the sea rcccded, the
shells remained. There ore likewise
, many petrifactions of various shapes to
: be found here. The water is limestone,
i ard in tho summer season is quite scarce,
1 a.s most of the streams dry up entirely,
i The country is settled up by an industrious
and thrifty population, a considerable
portion of which arc South Carolinians.
In short, this is a fine country in
| nn agricultural point of view, and ono
highly favorwl by nature, but cursed
with a wretched system of legislation, a
sketch of which I will give you in my
next. In haste, yours, <fec?
I An Examination cnmc off on Thurs
tiny Olid Friday, 28th and 29tL\ in?L,
Exhibition on the last day. A very
large audicnee was present on the occasion.
The Pickens Band had been invited
and were present. A bountiful
pic-nic was provided in the grove, near
j the Academy, by the friends of the
; school. 'The progress of the students
in their several studies was liighly satis'
factory to their friends. The perform
J I A? . - - - 1 .1 V *
uncus in nucianmuou ana in me dialogue?,
excited much interest in the audience;
leaving n happy impression in favor of
the cause of education. The meeting
was characterized by excellent order?
much sociability. At the close of the
exercises Rev. Mr. Mullinix, by request,
delivered an address to the young men,
which was appropriate and highly interesting.
LIST OF SPEAKERS AMD SUBJECTS.
W. T. Golcy, Riley S. Honea, F. M.
Leathers, Elijah Daltou?Washington's
Answer to the French Ambassador.
John K. Dixon?American Independence.
J. B. Johns?Public Spirit and Love
P. S. Knnady?Military Glory.
Thomas H. Hughes?Self-Conceit.
H. K. iVfTV?r.f Ilnninn Mn.
? - J ~ -0?J ? ""
C. A. Smithson?No Excellence without
W. D. Perry?Influence of Knowledge.
D. E. Smithson?Importance of the
study of History.
G. W. Fullerton?Education.
Jas. W. Perrv?Klrvir
J. C. iKullcrion?America.
Wv H, Hurbin?Had eft'ccts of Idleness.
E. R. Doyle?Mental Improvment.
By order of the Trustees.
E. P. VERNER, Sec'v.
AnvKn-nsiNO^?It Is said qtaitc often,
ir> i? J,. ?i .~_.i ~-t
v.r, jh.uim<; uu nut rcao uuveniscnocms.
"Every body knows what we keep.' Do
thcyf Hero is a case in point. 8omo
friends of ours, who pave us to undcretatid
that they consider our notions on this
particular subject on little better than
moonshine, obstinately refused even to
give us the opportunity to prove the truth
or falsity of thdffe Assertiona; consequently,
in the kindness of our heart, we gave
them the benefit of a couple of squares,
frMi rrrntia fr\r W-i ? jJ
R ""VfHBkW ?JI. XJUt li 63
hspptned, whether dcMgncdJy or not wo
will not any, tlia+ ia growing xip the nd.
' -*u- ' '* *' ''
-? * wfii ' 'V '
vortiscmcnfc wo inserted some: arti<-l.>s
\vhi<?1? WN>l'0 mtl. Illinn flwiir ulwili-na 'I'lm
constant calls for these very articles became
so annoying after a time, that wo
were requested to suppress the advertisement.
We (lid ho, of course; though we
could see no reason for supposing a j>ortion
of u column which no bwty reads.?
A Fiif.ak ok Natvbk.?A communication
in the Boston Courier, from the lsite
rditor in that paper states that Mr. William
Carter, of Cambridge, lins a healthy
and well-formed calf, having a coat of l]
icvol instead of hair ! There is no perceptible
difference in the appearance of
the animal's hide fjom that of a sheep of
the same age. Like the sheep, the face
ntnl llin 1nnr*it? t*4o /\f 1
turn %uv ivnvi |/?i 10 vi mu tu u UiMVl *
ed with short and not very pliant hair;
the rest of the body has a covering of
wool, which, to all appcaroncc, may a I lord
as liberal c\ fleece as a true Saxon or
New Okleaks, Juun 20-2 p. ni.
The Matamoras, Texas, paper publishes
a document purporting to be a Declaration
of lndipendencc from the Northern
states oi Sierra Madre, Mexico, and we
shull probably have some stirring news
from Hint quarter soon.
A rumor prevails thnt upwards of 72
emigrants from Rapides, La. en route for
California, had been attacked this side of
the Rocky Mountains, and all, with the
exception of six, had been murdered.
The Concordia Intelligencer says that
the cotton crop in the Mississippi valley
must bo remarkably Bhort.
Moxumkntto Thomab Jeffersok.-?
The Charlottesville Advocate says, the
Students of the University of Virginia
have determined to erect a monument to
Thomas Jefferson, us a token of their respect
for his memory nnd their appreciation
of the benefits which they have derived
from his laborfl. They propose to
raise the ncecssary funds by publishing a
monthly periodical, to be called the "Jefferson
Monument Mncrnzino " ntirl
cilted by a committee of four students,
one elccted by eneb of the Literary Societies,
and one by the body of"'the students
not conncctcd with the Society.
Tub Ex-Ktico of tiif. French.?Louis
Phillippc has not been talked of much
lately. You have heard of his poverty
and of his debts. I have now in my possession
the most indisputable evidence
that ho is still the richest private individunl
in tlm lrnmrn 1 *?
... *? ?(*v * nvi 1U? 1113 UgCUt 111
New-York, M. Lafargc, has bought for
him in houses, stocks, shares, <fee., producing
an nnnual incomc of ten millions
of francs. It is perfectly useless for any
of hia friends to deny this fnct, perfectly
well known on tho N. York Exchange.?
Paris Cor. Glasgow Daily Mail.
Cisoivnatti. .Turin On
Our city Ktijl continues to be in n very
unhealthy state, and the number of interments
reported by our cemeteries, is
frightfully increasing. To-day they reported
one hundred and twenty-four
burials for the preceding twenty-four
hours. Business, of course, is littlo or
nothing thought of?the transactions thftt
are made, arc to sunnlv our liSimWlntn
wants. Wo have had considerable rain,
but the atmosphere is still oppressive.
Coffee, a Disinfectant.?It nwy be
well to remind the people, says the Boston
Transcript, in these times, that the
odor of roasting coffee is the most powerful
disiiifccting agent. Take a red hot
shovel, with a few kernels of coffec upon
it, and it will remove entirely the most
offensive odor arising from der.avintf ani
| mat of vegetable matter, or from any
c?ther source-a fact worth knowing where &
the cholera prevails. A gentleman who
has thoroughly tested this quality in coffee
assures us that there is no mistake as
to the virtues ascribed.
Philadelphia, June 25?2 p. m.
The extensive importing jewelry establishment
of Messrs. Watson & liildcburn,
70 Market st., was entered between
twelve and 1 o'clock yesterday, and rob
ed of over two hundred gold and silver
watches and some one hundred or more
gold chains of various descriptions, besides
anumber of diamond rings, breastpins,
pencils, and other valuable jcwelloiy.?
The property stolen is estimated at
The thieves made their way into the
building through ft sky-light window, and
thus went down to tho atovs. Chey are
yet undetected, though the polio& Kre
I nil-suit . The robbery was ? bold WiA
i uanng one. I
Qou> Fjhii in tjJk Ili ufcos.?Tho
gold fob., originally fro?a China and hitherto
rhicflv known In ornAmental ponds %
I or glass globo* in tfdfc count ry, fefcs Income
qmto naturalised in the Hudson
? .??r ?n ? wiMV|l *
caught specimens from eight to tep inches
long, both in the Hudson <fc Mjfljfiwjmw*
eveek. Somo were placed in the hitter
about ten year? ago, and they havo *o
multiplied as to fwrjy stock the aijd .Ul,
rh'pr in that vicinity.
1 :-v.1. . i?
" } J?.