[ From the 1V.. O. Dtiia, Jun<> j
IMPORTANT AND INTERESTING
Wo arc indebted to the Patiia lor an
extra, issued by it yesterday evening, containing
the following important intelligence
from Mexico, which we proceed to
We received yesterday the Bien Publico,
published at J/atamoms. of the 18th
instant, tlie following documents came to
hand, which wc have translated from the
English, and althoug it appeal^ to have
been printed in this city, (Matanioras) we
have good reasons to believe it was printed
on the other side of the river (i. e.. on
the American side):
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE ,
Jcm: 16, 1840.
L'jianimous Declaration of ths Seven
Northern States of the Sierra
j ridre of Mexico.
When, in ii.e course of human events,
it becomes necessary for one nation to dissolve
the political bonds which unite it to
another, and to assume seperatcly anions
the powers of the earth the position to
which the laws of nature, and nature's
God, entitle it, a decent respect for the
opinion of mankind requires that it should
state the causes which impel it to the separation.
The history of the present and past
government of Mexico is a history of repeated
injuries and usurpation, all having
for their direct object the csiaulishmeni
of an absolute tyranny over these States.
To prove this, we present the following
facts to an impartial world :
First i -1
M VMI1W* VTAVIl Ulltl uy I
which have been heretofore nothing more
than continued oppression, exercised by
new hands, we declare ourselves free.
Sccond?Wearied with the exactions of ;
the government, which have been made !
solely for the purpose of perpetuating !
the power of the usurpers of the liberties j
of the people, we declare ourselves free. ]
Third?Wearied with the armies which
have been collected solely to oppress and
annihilate the "industry of all, except that
of the oppressors, wc declare ourselves
Fourth?Wearied that our beloved
religion, constantly threatened by bayonets,
is fettered in its desiem of henovn
O " " ' ~
lonce and public instruction, we declare
Fifth?Wearied that the people, in the
midst of their vast domains, arc denied
the right of individual possession, we declare
Sixth?Wearied with tho promises
which have been made to our children,
who anxiously await in vain of their rulers
the right of education, we declare ourselves
Seventh?Wearied that our aged fathers
arc sinking gradually into the grave,
like the brutes, without anv alleviation.
we declare ourselves free.
Eighth.?Wearied that whilst misery
and poverty prevail every where, the usurpers
amass purple and gold, wc declare
Ninth?Wearied with the national declaration
that slavery should not be tolerated
on our soil, while the domestic |
service i:i an odious, horrible and cruel >
system, and prevails without alleviation !
and without parallel, wc declare ourselves ,
Wherefore we, the people of the Seven
Northern States of .Mexico, appealing
to the Supreme Judge of the. Universe
for the rectitude of our intentions, now
solemnly proclaim and declare "that these
United States are free and independent!"
That they are absolved from nil allegiance
towards the jl/exiean government ;
and <hnt. nil connexion between them lias
ceased, is and ought to be entirely dissol- 1
vcd. And consequently us free and independent
States, we have the right to
levy troops of war, make peace, form alliances,
establish commerce, and perform
any other act or thing which appertains
of right to free and independent States.
And to sustain this declaration, with a
firm reliance upon Divine Providence, we
mutually pledge to each other > ur lives,
our fortunes, and our sacred honor.
We have drawn the sword and thrown
away the scabbard. Now's the day.
Death to tyrants.
Hon. Wm. C. Preston, of South-Cnro- j
Una, accompanied by his lady, passed j
through this place on Sunday last, on his ;
way to the Virginia Sprimrs. Disease I
has made such rapid inroads upon his constitution,
that his person pr^ents but a
sad wreck of its wonted vigor; though
we sincerely trust the wholesome mountain
air and the life-giving properties of
the Springs may entirely restore his
health, and that his valuable life may yet
be spared to his country for many years, j
[ Danville Jleyistcr.
Fire in Georgetown, S. C'., Attended
with Lo?s ok Like.?We learn from j
a gentleman, who arrived yesterday from
vio* n 1 1
_?umi/ ?i mv. uwuircu ai mat
place about one o'clock yesterday morn- |
ing. All the stores from the Market lo
Durant's Hotel, on the water side of the '
street, have been destroyed. The stores j
burned are about one-half of all in the '
town. Our informant was not able to
j^ive us thf prfiwblc amount ol l?>-s. nor
the amount of insurance. Mr. Thomas
Burden, a citizen of the place, we regret
to learn, was. unfortunately killed in attempting
to blow up a house.? Char,
Nkw-Oi:i.e.\xs, June, a?P. a. m.
Accounts from Merida to the 18th
June, state that there had been a tight
. between the Yucatnns and (he Indians,
. near Tilne. The former were routed with
! great slaugliter. The Indians were closely
The city is very healthy. The deaths
last week from Cholera were 29 ; other
diseases 84. Total 1)3.
New-Orleans, July 4?9, a. m.
Col. Duivan. Inspector General of the
Army, (lieu yesterday in Mobile.
The cotton, corn and sugar crops were
quite promising throughout Texas.
I The cholera, i* was reported, had broke
out among the I'amanche Indians, and
they were tlying in every direction, panic
stricken.? Char. Courier.
KEOW KK COl HI KH .
I Hntuixlnc ?..!? i ,? .
...... f w ll 1 ^ *'* > Jl
With a view of accommodating our Sub|
scribors who live at a distance, the following
j gentlemen are authorized and requested to
; act sr. agent? hi receiving and forwarding Sub
scriptions to the Keowee Courier, viz:
M.u. W. S. Gr.iau.v-m, at West Union.
Edward Huohes, Esq., " Horse Shoe.
E. P. Verner, Esq., " Bachelor'* Retreat.
M. F. Mitchell. Esq.. " Pickcnsvilln
i , * ' ~
J. E. IIagood, " Twelve Mile.
T. J. 'Webb, for Anderson District.
BEWARE OF COUNTERFEIT MONEY.
It will be recollccted by our renders that on
the 28th of April last, two travellers, calli*;y
themselves William Young and John Bishop,
stopped at Col. J. Norton's, three miles above
this village, for the night. That on the next
morning, each passed to him a twenty dollar
bill on the State Bank of South Carolina; Col.
; Norton coming to the villago, it was discovered
that the money was counterfeit. A warrant
wns obtained, and the Sheriff accompanied by
two or tliree others made pursuit, and came
up with them at West Uenion. An attempt
was made to arrest Young and Bishop, but
both fled, pursued by the Sheriff and las company.
During the pursuit, Young and Bishop
were observed to throw away several bundles
of paper, which was then supposed to be money;
and one of the party remarked, "Look at the
money how it flics." The citizens of the neighborhood
were informed of this fact, and requested
to search for tho parcels. One of them,
llev. Jeremiah Compton, gave to the Sheriff
the next day, two one hundred dollar bills on
J the Bank of Mobile, Ala., which ho said his
son had found near where Young wai arrested.
J Shortly after this Compton left the District
i to get a legacy, as he said, from his father-in*
I law's estate. The next we hear of him ho 1uls
! passed two one hundred dollar bills on the
I Dank of Mobile to Maj. Cooper, President of
the Mint at Dahlonega. The bills wee well
exeeuU d on good paper; and when Kent to
Augusta the brokers were willing to exchange
for it. But on some account they wore sent to
Montgomery, Ala., where tlicy were detected,
and n .imcd to Maj. Cooper as HpuriouH.?
Esquire Russell then, as the agent of Maj. 0.,
followed Compton to this District, and on the
! 1th inst. accompanied bv Mai fJrintmm
t V ?l* " VMV
to Compton, who took back the bills and made
the following statement:
That on the morning after the arrest of
Young lie had found a large amount of money
himself, ?1900 00 in one hundred dollar bills,
near where Young was arrested, and that he
separated from the bundle two of tlwm nn,i
placed them near the same place, and then
sent his* little son to search for them, who found
them?that he had delivered these to ascertain
I if they were counterfeit, and thought himself
t t ntitlfl '<> tho remainder. Bnt hid poking the
j money clearly shows that his intentions were
not good, as he must have known that the
money was counterfeit. He then delivered to
! Maj. GrUhnm the forty-nine hundred dollars,
which was by him given to the Sheriff.
We have seen the bills, they are all on the
Bank of Mobile, Ala. And, as far as we arc
i competent to judge, well calculated to deceive,
j The Mgnaturos arc well executed, but the
| dates and numbers badlv filled np. 'Iliey arc
all made payable to J. E. Watson, letter A,
and dated 29 Nov., 1815. The word "the" in
IIK9V UUU 1.1 JIIIICCU uuiuro IIIC
word "Bank," ami we are informed (hat in the
genuine bills it is placed immediately over the
word "Bank." Esquire Russell pointed out
several other inaccuracies in the execution to
I our informant, who is unable to nnnit. out
We have been thus minute in giving all the
particular, as they occurred, that the public
> may be on their guard, as it is confidently bci
licved that n laro-fl mnnnnt iu U#:u
0 - ? ?j?iu wuv, which
' was thrown away by Young and Bishop Their
pursuit, fiomc of wlrich may find its way .nto
We arc informed that Compton has left the
Wu publish to day the recommendation of
l'ro ident Taylor, that the lirat Kridav in An.
giwt n?o t be observed "a* a day of Fasting,
Humiliation, and Prayer," that Divine Provident;'may
nrrcst 1 lie foil disease with which
our country >* scourged, and "r1?y the dost
roving luuid which i-; now lifted ngtun^t u?."
SON3 OF TKM V LI H A NC K.
The followiujc f.ro the Officers cloet of rick- |
ens Division, for the present quarter:
M. M. Noktos, 111 I*.
j \\\ I). Striae, HI A.
W. II. Tkimmiu, If. i>.
O. K. Baku's, .1. It. S.
I). F. Hill. / ! b.
Jwrm BtusnT, T.
J. K. Earli:, c.
M. G. Andkrson, c.
CIKO. C. Mattison, 1. S.
(). A. Taylor, O. S.
i The llrst tliroo and tlic last were regularly
installed in Office on Monday evening last, bv
Rev. Jos. Urisham, ]). O. Hr. P., J. J. Howard* 1
; of Hamburg, acting as 1). G. C\
SAY, WHAT ILK DESERVES)
Swift Retribution*. On Tuesday j
j hist the 'Grcenspot' was made doleful by j
i the tolling of bells for the death of James j
K. Polk, late President of the Locofoco
party. The news of his decease was
received by telegraph. The disease under
which ho laboured was chronic diarrhoea;
not cholera, as stated in our last.?
thus has this ambitious unci wicked ]
man been called early to his final account. |
We would, in charity, have wished him
a life of ten thousand years in which to
'bring forth fruits meet for repentance.'?
"We are taught in tlv.- Book of Books
I that for National sins there shall be National
afflictions. Does it not, however,
seem a little singular, just contemporaneous
with the death of the author of the
most shameful iniquities in which our j
country ever engaged, that the conse- |
qucnce of those iniquities should be so !
full upon us?that the scourge of disease I
should be sweeping the length and |
breadth of our land! Verily the ways I
of Providence are inscrutable." I
The above wo find in one of our exchange I
i paper*, but who it was that ho far disgraced i
himself us a man, and so flagrantly violated all I
principles of humanity and common decency, I
wo arc not imformcd; nor arc we desirous to
know. The man who is so wofully blinded by ]
party prejudice, as to express himself in such
style, only shows the baseness of his heart'nnrl
a.. IWtlnnoo. 1 it'- " *
.....V..VOK VI iua num. II U II liai U1UI
he will meet with no favor from any of the
press, either whig or democrat, but that the rebuke
for which it so just calls will not be spared,
untill the perpetrator t-liall be willing to leave
"the ranks of a profession, which he has din.
honored, and attempted to degrade to the level
of hLi own baseness."
ATCHISON vs. BENTON.
Senator Atchison, who is the colleague of
Sir. Benton, has sent to press, it w said, a manifesto
aguiiut the doctrines of Mr. B. It should
be a source of gratification, that Senator B. is
j tnus eschewed by men from his own State.?
; Misfcouii tins long and willingly acknowledged
him as her lender; but since lie has turned
1 traitor to the doctrines, which the has advocated
and recogniscd as orthodox, she cast him
off, proving that she hvs more rc-grrd for principles
and consistency than for any man. The
Democratic press throughout the Union, bo far ]
as we are informed, have denounced Senator
11.. and the only alternative which he now has, j
is to throw himself into (be arms of Northern I
j Wliigs anil Free Sudors, for whom lie is ft
U. S. SENATOR.
The Governor of Illinois, it is stated, will call
nil extra session of the Legislature to elect a
Senator in place of Gen. Shields, who has been
I declared ineligible to his scat. Several of the
I !>??? 1?! 1-1 lV
uutu nuutieu inc name oi |
J. A. Mcdemand. Judge Bree.se who opposed
| Qen. Shields is said also to be a candidate.
The citizens of Orangeburg on the celebration
of the fourth of July, dispensed with the
reading of tho Declaration of Independence"
and substituted the Southern Address. Let
the North look to it.
This uread disease has made its appearance
on the Savannah Hivcr. Seven cises ?re reported
on the plantation of l)r. Daniels, and
18 or 20 on that of Dr. Scriven. There were
some few other case. Some of the fir.it named
casfci have died. The cases generally arc said
to be of a mild form, and yield readily to mcdical
It is extending rapidly at the North and
Col. Duncan, Adjt, and Inspector General of
U. S. Army, died at Mobile on the 3d inst.
"\\e arc happy to icarn that the crevafwc at
Sauvo'n. which was I hi; nritwirial i..>?
r , ~mm ??u
entirely stopped, and the works made secure, j
MAJ. GENERAL WORTH.
Arrangement have been made by tho Com- ;
mon Council of Now Y<?rk, to convey the re- j
mains of this distinguished officer to hi* native I
State for Interment.
The N. Y. .Courifl# A. Enquirer denies the reported
dangerous illness of this distinguished
officer, and says his health has not been as good
! as it is rmu- fur wmn ?!??? ??-'
? I .V. %UI>V I'UrOU
j But the Charleston More wry (7th init.) say a 1
it has private advice*, which reprtsont him in
a critical dtuu'ion; and hi- recovery a* doubt
This great Aposile of Temperance has at j
length arrived in the Un.<ed States. lie came I
over in the s-liip Asliburton, and his reception |
at Castle Garden, by the city authorities of
New York, was all that his friends could dehire.
We take the following from the N. YHerald.
??!/...1 XI.I>1 -
l .iuicw iMiiunt'w enjoyed excellent ]
health all the way, and his spirits were
remarkably good. He was only sea
sick for the first day or two. lie looks
right well, though, when going on shore,
he appeared a little nervous and excited.
lie offered Mass and addressed the .
people every Sunday during the voyage;
and on the Sunday before last he addressed
the passengers on the subjec* of
temperance, when he administered tne
pledge to 150. lie conciliated the atlec- j
tion and good will of all on board?even
of those who did not adopt the teetotal '
\\ o take the following from the Abbeville
"Look Out.?We have been reciucsteil *??
warn the public against two persons who are i
travelling through the District helling Linen >
Table Clothes and other articles. Their coil- |
duct has been such a* to excite the suspicion of j
all with whom thev have had any dealings, in ,
consequence of their familiarity with servants :
where they stop, and the impertinent questions I
they ask them as to the treatment they receive
at the hands of their masters. '1'hcy
arc after no good, let u.s keep an eye on them.
The same person*, we understand, were at (
this place some time since. They went to a j
house to stay all night and were directed to the |
tavern. They said they had Linen fur sale and j
uic nexi morning denied having any. They '
went from this place to West Union, where
they sold some of their articles. It is time that |
we should look well, to those who are travel- |
ling through our country?men on honest busi- j
ness will not regard it, others have no right to |
.1 udgc Woodbury has consented deliver an j
Kulogy on Ex-President Polk at Boston, in j
Muj. Oen. John A. (Quitman haa been norni
I natcd by the Democratic State Convention of I
Missouri for Governor.
Correspondence of the "Iveowcc Courier." I
Aikf.n, 8. C\, 2d July, 1819. I
Gentlemen: By the good providence '
of ix merciful God, I am now here, in the j
enjoyment of a reasonable portion of
health, after a fatiguing journey in my
_?.. unvi. iu luuiwiiu. wneiu mc
gathering of (he temperance people of
Georgia took place on the '27th of last
month?a proud dny for the friends of
the cause. The different organizations
were well represented. Only four delegates
from our State: Rice Dulin, of
Charleston, Col. Allen, of Abbeville, Col.
Edwards, of Spartanburg, and u:yself.
The procession and vVnnual Address
took place on Thursday ; the procession j
supposed to have been half a mile long;
about 1000 Sons of Temperance, one
hundred Daughters of Temperance, and
at least one hundred Cadets and Cold
j Water boys, with banners spread to the
j breeze,?of all the banners, that of the
j Daughters greatly surpassed in size and
| Col. Wigfield, of Madison, delivered
the Annual Address, an excellent production,
but too long for his physical .
strength. After him about a half dozen '
Cadets and Cold Waters boys did great
credit in advocating the cause. The
j President, Judge Lumkin, then addressed
the audience, about 10,000 persons, in a j
speech of which it would be impossible to
give you a description. I have heard him j
ouen, dui in tins last effort he surpassed j
any thing I have ever heard on the suV j
ject. He mentioned modestly his labors !
for many years, and now thanked God
and took new courage in this good?this
I have, as you both know, been in the
habit of attending temperance, religious,
and political meetings, and the meeting
I ?4 --- " - - " "
at juunutui cxcceao.tt nny thing I have 1
I ever witnessed. Harmonious and unanimous
in their deliberation?no noise or
disturbance of any kind.
I The next Annual meeting is to be ut
Atlanta in August, 1850. It was resolved
if Father Matthew comes this
winter, the President is to call a meeting
If our people go to Columbia as the
good people of Georgia went to Marietta, |
I -.1.-11 I- . 1 ?
i Hiiiui uu p ion sea to give you sowo nc- j
count of our doing*.
Time has been when Georgia was
looked upon u? our inferior, but she is
now go'mg ahead, liotouly in Tempernncc,
but in Manufactures, Rail Roads and Ag- i
t x.? "
..vuiuut. 4 HU|K! inc IVKOWEt L-'Ol'niKU
will give an impetus to induhtry, morals
:?ri'l information ? get tin- people to nvf,
?to think. And that you may do good,
and reap a rich reward, * will continue
Villi)' <llll flioM'l
Messhs. Noukis & Keith.
Correspondence of the "Kcowcc Courier."
Pontotoc, Miss., June 10, 1849.
The most important of these enactments
at least one that meets with most abuse, is |?:
the "Petticoat Law" as it is sometimes
styled, the intention of which is to secure
to the wife the enjoyment of her scperatc
property, a subject that has engaged the
attention of the South Carolina Legislature.
But whatever may be the true
nolie.v. in roomi d to t.lu> ?lw
J j O - '?WJ ?? >1 III',
vesting in the husband by the wanted
rights, of one tiling there is no doubt, and
that is that the civil law system as it operates
here opens the door for fraud, destroys
the confidence of one man in another,
embarrasses the commercial transactions
of the community ami has introduced
the cost system to a considerable extent,
in a country that has ve'y little of
that needful article. And the law here,
to which there is perhaps as much odium
attached, as to that above mentioned, is
one which excepts from levy and sale unHor
V..WMMVI* iiiiWU UUIIUICU uuuuns
worth of land, besides a considerable
amount of other property. Tlie tendency
of this law, like the other, i.; to relieve
debtors from the payment of their just
debts. They obtain credit upon the faith
of the prosperity arround them and when
pay-day comes, they complaisantly inform
the. creditor that they havc'nt got
what the law allows them and thus under
this cloak of rascality, they get rid of discharging
an obligation which was perhaps
contracted for the necessaries of life. Add
to these specimens of the wisdom of Mississippi
Legislators, another, Which
makes two years the shortest possible
time in which a debt can be collectcd by
process of law, when the debtor chooses
to make a denefce, ever: when lie has no
i plea that will sustain him, and Mississippi
presents a codo than which no othe* could
offer more amnle nvoincHnn tn moonlKr
t I ? "?-?V
debtors. The financial condition of the
country is truly deplombe. The curren- i
cy is principally specie, the bank at Holly
i Springs being the only one in the Suite.
And although there is a considerable amount
of Mobile, New-Orleans, and Tennessee
mon.jy in circulation, vet it docs
not pay the high ttuccs which arc imposed
on the people. Specie being required
for that purpose and often collected, taken
to Jackson and then called up in the
public treasury. The treasury is at this
time overflowing, and yet the country is
embarrassed?some say that tho distressed
condition of the country is owing to
the great drain of specio in payment of
taxes and its a fterwards hp.innr uiiiwii-o??
from circulation. It is ccrtainly bad policy
to withdraw so much money from
circulation and let it remain idle, being
employed by the state, neither for banking
or other purposes or scattered again
among the people. If the money that is
paid for taxes is to be boxed up and Remain
barren, the taxes ought to be reduced
to the minimum point, consistent with
the expenditures of the government. The
effect of this would be to leave a great
deal more money in tho country for the
payment ot debts and very greatly relieve
(he good people. Owing to the embarrassment
of the country in money
matters, the legal craft flourish here;
though but few of them undergo the
"viginti lucubrationis annorum" of my
Lord Coke in as much as politics run high
and the profession is made the stepping
stone to political promotion. The politic
cal history of this country is nothinor hut
the history of conventions, caucuses*nom*
inations, wire-working, stump-speechifying
and corruption, candidates fpr olcrlt,
shojiff, legislature, congress, <fco.v must be
nominated by some caucus or convention
of more or lej^j pretension io dignity.
And even candidate* for the Jiefrcfa wliea
honesty and ability are most, \vugt?jlr are
elected oftenor with regard to, thei;r,politiI
cal tenet than their qualifications for tha
(JignittcU station* an instructing yominentery
that upon the policy of pun elective
; judiciary bv the people. ; H
| A Convention assembled l|or? yesterday
to nominate a democratic canditfaio
for Congress, The nomination was'ten-,
dored to ltogcr Barton, of Holly Springs,
who is a great lawyor and a greater dm*
oerat, and bus long been a thorn via >hc
1 . ;j- ?? ' '
muc 01 ino wmga, Jilt, Unrtonaiascid
to be n great lecturer on democra&jMsatkl
rcmarkublo for the aptness of hiswns&li*
tions, and the forco nnd truthfulness df
his wit. In spciiking of ?ho Wiiwot
Proviso on one occuMon, he i?> will to
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