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" TO THINK OWN SELF DK TIIUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE NIOHT TIIE DAV, THOU CAN*8T NOT THEN 13E FALSE TO ANY MAN."
VOL. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, JULY 21, 1849. NO. 10.
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Fon the "Krowkb Courier."
PICKENS DISTRICT?HER PROSPECTS.
Whilo we view with delight the rapid
advance of our Union, to a consummation
of WOtll.ll nnrl " 11
givmiicoa unwjUttlieU Dy j
any port of the globo, or any other form
of gc.'ernmont, and see its unparallcd
a<J tranoe in agriculture, commerce, science
and literature, and notice with complacency
our wide extonded territory, embracing
every variety of clJroale fvom
Canada to the Pacific Ocean, rich'm lands
and valuable minerals, inhabited by an
energetic active population?forming the
very elements of national greatness:
while vrc look on jvith pride, ;nay >ve not j
be pardoned, if wc look around us at j
H ? - -
nomc?our ow? JJjstrict?and see howmuch
wo have to hop*} for the future?
Pickens District has mcr>y ad vantages:
it is blessed with a salubrious climnto and
good soil. No land can exceed in richness,
that whi; % is found oii the inargin
of its streams, known as bottom lund,
which produces nJxundmitSy grain of ?very
description?such as corn, wheat, rye,
oats, rice, &c? Sic. The .upland also J
yieias a gooa Harvest to tho industrious j
farmer. It is not .generally known be- :
yond the limits of tho ftistoot, that any |
of our land is adapted to the growth of
ootton, and indeed, .o,ur-own people seem J
to forgot that this valuable .siajplc will
thrive. I beg leave to se,fcr back twenty
years, or soon of tor the Village of iPiqkens
was loeated, at that period .cotton was
raised rather extensively! I remember
well when my friend, Silas Kirksey, Esq.,
:n Oe .'A 1?1 ? ' 41 "
tuun tu ?>u ui *w uuiu.s uvery inn ior several
years in payment for goods sold to
.the neighborhood; and other merchants
90 received cotton in the same way.
I have seen as good cotton grow on
the plantation of Samuel Reid, Esq., as
I ever did in Abbeville District. I feel
confident when I assert that from 1000
to 1200 lbs. can be produced to the acre
off our boat land; it .is true, our people do
not, nor have not raised cotton to any extent
latterly, for which I can assign two
reasons: flrst, the price of the article for
Some years passed has not justified .its
cultivation;?r?eoondly, it is so far to
sasrketthai the corns era effects materialthe
price, fully one sixth part of the
.value being paid for transportation; and,;
indeed, the same objeotion is applicable [
vG cerr., f&jM'z oats, bacon, lard, tallow,
beeswax, Ii3*h potatoes, apples, <&<? . <fec.,
wbiclA our teeming District produces so
3ut now, a new era begins % dawn
upon us; one wbioh is to place us in the I
most favorable condition, one which is to ;
AffitM VAW *' !?J 1 ?J ' " '
/wwy tviivmi w inuuniry, ana pay Tor an
/Our productions?which will bring a market
to our doors, ^ herd we can sell owr
.grainand cotton for cash: I allude to the
Bf*C aaw so vigorously being built
from Columbia to C. H.y bringing
the $ca- boArtv?nd the rrtbuntalna
witfcia one d*yn ride K?ao$ oth<??% afctf
I thus, affording U3 an opportunity of getting
fnll?AmM?Ula'Mt ?m> nil W? ? >?? ? "?
u w W? "? ?1"
i .duce, It is a well.know fact, that England,
Jrolftud, /(unhappy country) and 1
sumption; ?yringt? the fact of ov?r pop-* I
ttlation; thk fact Ha? mdacod ahtprafefcU
of corn from New York'ind New Orleans
'' n ? ^ v.
" u*k"1 ?y Europe* |
*ns until 1846; it was then rhipcd at} a i
mere speculatin to see if it would be used
as food: at first it was not well received,
but pressing wants soon set aside flimsy
objections, and now it id used freely, and
bus becomo an articlo of exportation, as
much so as cotton, pork, cheese, wool,
ice &c.,&c. But who derives the benefit
of this new article of export? Why New
York, jtfhryland and tho vallay of the Mis
sissippi, only however, because of their
facility for shipping to New York Baltimore
and New Orleans. Give us the same
advantage, for sending our granc to
Charleston, and we too shall soon be tho
exporters of tho staff of lifo.
It is well known that the Gennesseo.
Country, now the finest grain growing
part of the world, was once valueless: the
land could be purchased at 25 to50 cents j
per acre. What is it now worth? at least
one hundred dollars per acre. What lias !
caused this unprecedented enhancement? !
Simply tho Eric Canal; by the meau3 of
which, immense quantities of produce
find an easy transportation to Albany,
from there down to New York.
The Qennessee country is now cultivated
like a garden, yielding from 40 to 00 i
bushols to the acre. What an improvement
of lands once valueless! Without a
market it would havo remained a much ,
poorer country thnn Pickens; but with
New York for a market, and through
her tho market of Europe, it lias become
proverbial as the richest country in the
Union, The master mind, the energetic
man, who planned and completed the
Erie Canal, now sleeps in death, but his |
memory is fresh in tho bosoms of all who j
love improvement. His genius has enriched
the State of New York; his indomita- j
ble perseverance and energy has placed
her in advance of any State in the Union
... u vuiiiiuuiuiui point 01 view, ani makes
it not presumption in her to havo engraved
on hor amis, her motto ' 'Excelsior."
So raa,y, and bo will our District prosper
with the means of transportation^
give us a Railroad, and our deserts will
bud and Wossom like the rose; our rich
valleys will soon groan "beneath the richest
harvests; it will set us to work?rcwaid
sweetens lnViov iflnl.f cniloft.
.? .?v>, w UUilOlJ Will .1
formers that a certain cash payment will
be mnue for all their produbta, a?d you '
tHil set them to work with a Z?h\ and ac- !
tivity that would excite the approval of
the most industriuos; end Pickens will
become the wealthy grain growing District,
and take her stand side by side with
the most favored in the State.
It is a well known fact, that a countrv
- - n?: j
which produces grain becomes at last tho
moat wealthy?all the reader has to do
is to look at those parts of tho globe which
produce grain, as & confirmation of this
fact. The land by a succession of small
grain, becomes Ticher and richer, and
more capablo of larger yields annually:
stock of all kinds thrive bettor, make better
horses, mules, cows, beeves, sheep,
hogs, <fec., (see Tennessee and JOnfnol-v *1
It is also known thr.t. cotton, planted year I
aftor year impoverishes land, and will I
sooner or later driver the producers of it
to a new country Tot fresh lAitds, which;
iu its time, becomes exhausted, and they
again and again take up the line of march
/ ?It!- * ?'
?ur iicauerana newer lands'.
I cm told, and by good authority too,
that lands In Alabama and Mississippi,
which wire once tho best, are now spent
and valueless?torn and washed into gullies
by ejtcessivc cotton culture; and tbat
live, ownera have gone to Texas or Arkancas
for a new hom(%
In two yeapj more, we have overy
reason to believe that the BLvil Road win
bo completed to Anderson CJ. H., copying
within 15 mil or of our District lirie, and on'
ly 28 miles from our Village; thus, giving
ua a market at our door* for all our pro- j
due# the consequence will be the, enhancement
pf our lands to almost double
their present value, while it will inspire
kt < iiilus in our populace, and incite J
thtm to greater exertions* to pvodutean
Overplus for market. 1
I cannot, pass on without paying a
trikdetrf respect, hatfever humble and
weak it may be, to the energetic, noble,
and manly exertions of our Anderson
friends,?a more Herculean task has
never been imposed upon talent, oratory,
indomitable perseverance and capital, in
this State, than has been upon our Anderson
brethren; and nobly have they battled
against all opposition, until at last,
the golden hones aro noni-lv
? - ?J I
their extraordinary enterprise they will
transform their beautiful Villngc into a
thriving city. The timo will como, whon
such names as Benson, Orr, Whitner,
Reld, and Brown and others of kinrod
sptrits, will be placed conspicuously side
by side with, De Witt Clinton , the great
constructor of the Erie Canal,
| PRO PATRIA.
Pickkns C. H? July 17, 1849
\ 'l'o be continued next week.']
i Sir Robert Peel's animadversions on
i the barbarous evictions in Ireland must
have the hearty sympathy of the onlire
: British public, and of the great majority
I of the Irish people. Imagine 15,000 |
i people driven from their homes in ouo
j union in a season .of extreme distress and
| misery, and since that sweeping oxter!
initiation 1,200 more have had their
dwellings levelled to the ground. And
ior me details ot barbarity how harrow.I
ing is Capt. Kennedy's official evidence :
j He says-?for, mark, ho is the person
| who saw this dreadful state of things?
ho went into a wretched house?1 have
forgotten whether it had a roof or not
?which had been taken possession of by
a father, a mother, and their two children,
who had all been evicted from their
home. Tho father was lying dead, the
woman, in a state of hopeless dysentery,
was about to die, and the children were
lying faat asleep on the corpse of their
father. He next mentions the case of a
woman in dysentery, who was lying in a
wretched hovel, whence the smell of
dung was so offensive that he could hardly
approach it. Tho third case he \hen
tioned was, that a few days since, at a
stone-breaking depot, ho saw a man suddenly
seize on vthe remnant of a pair of
shoes, and taking them, start across the
fields in the way to which eyes had
been directed, lie saw a fire in the same
direction, and he made inquiry as to the
cause of the man's sudden departure,
and he was then told tJjat the man, having
been driven from his wretched house
the day before, occupied a still worse
mud hovel on tho land. His eye had
been caught by the f.ro; be started off,
and found that )n his absence the person
who driven him from his4>ome had set fire
to bis miserable dwelling.
Well said Robert Peel that such dam- j
ning facts as these arc not to be found j
parallelled in the records of any country
civilized or barbarous. !
Wo have more than once assimilated ]
i.these cruel evictions to the sort of eW.t- I
! mcnt practiced by bucaneers, called
J 'walking the plank. * The pirates give
their prisoners notico to quit; they say,
"we havo no room for you on board, you
are sheer lumber to its, or worse than
lumber, for you consume our provisions,
so we desire you to leave the ship and ,
shift for yourself in the ocean, for we can i
not afford to bo enoumbered with you !
any longer," And the unfortunate
creatures are made lo step on the pltv.ik, |
which is tilted up and drops them in the '
sea. To a man whose existm rlpnovirfo 1
on the occupation of a plot of land, an
eviction is as much a sentence of destruction
as throwing one' overboard is at I
sea. The argument for both preceding:, !
are the same-?"You are in the way, we !
oannot afford to be burdened with you, |
you trouble and embarrass us, we shall
be the better q^uit of you. We shall not
blow your broans out or cut your thronfc, i
but simply* take from you your footing
V\ Av/\ A
n?g ciiim !?'.??? you wj ?mK or swim as
I you best may." j
We may be told that the time was !
when the parallel was good, but that the
I poor law has given the right of existence,
and that the tenant who is made to walk
the plank drops into the workhouse.?
But this very resource, wretched 4* it is, ;
is the special object of the Irish lend- j
lord's hostility! The very men who are
merotiessiy swiping away whole popu- i
latibns with the besom of destruction, I
Are the loudest in their declamations j
! against the poor taw; which, is the only j
w?an: remeay against tneir cruelty, 3top- !
ping it short of the effeot3 of, uttor star- 1
i and death. The poor Jaw is to eviotiofiB
what the life preserver would i
be.to iu6 "talking the plank,'' and tho
waste of the IfSh preserver is the tui.xn* 1
i of the angriest complaints. The,expense 1
1 is grudged and bewailed, as the buca*
neors would grumble at the cost of a
spar flung to support a wretch who had
been made to walk the plank.
Of course Sir Robert Peel's denunciations
of these evictions extremely angered
a portion of the Irish representatives,
ni)d lie was charged with bringing this
class of Irish proprietors iulo odium.? I
"Each cries that was levelled at me."?
No accusation could be mora idle and
11 CV- r. 1 ' ^
giuuiiuH;3?. ojr ixooert i'c.ei drew attention
to particular abuses of power
and wrongs tp humanity; and his animadversion
and tho scope of the exposure
did not go beyond the persons implicated
in these acts officially instauced and authenticated.
Irish landlords should be
, most forwai :1 in coming forth to reprobate
such horrible misconduct in members
of i heir class, and to clear themselves
of any suspicion of countenancing
I such atrocities by supporting the man
bold enough to denounce (hem, and to
say "thus dost thou." The best friend
j of the Iilsh landlords is he who points
| out the plague spots on the body. A sweep
1 ing indiscriminate condemnation of Irish
I lima iorus -would bo most unjust, there
| b?.'ing men amongst thorn who act the noi
bleat parts in the most trying difficulties;
but there are others who can only be restrained
or punished by the brand of public
shame, and their misdeeds Sir Robert
Peel has brought, under n flood of light.
Hut he should do more; be IPiould not
shrink jfrooi naming the men \vho have
proved themselves capable of heinous j
barbarities It i3 a rong to the innocent
and deserving to withold the name \ of
those who merit reprobation. The imputation
not fixed to the objects meriting
vuiiAjuy, sprcaus oeyond them, flinging
its shade where it should not attach.
[From the Palmetto State Banner."]
THE HEROIC AGE AND T1IE HEROIC
At length the pie-bald covering, under
which the Federal pa. smuggled themselves
into power, has been rent asunder,
and they stand before us in all the hidcousncss
of tluiir naked deformity. The
no-party trick has been detected, and the
Janus-faced policy, resorted to by the
Whig leaders, has been exposed. The
people of the United States have made ;
tlie discovery, that they have been the
dup 03 of political Charlatans and jugglers, i
and like nil who find out that they have |
been rheated. lwartfly despise, those who >
hnve practiced the deception upon them. !
The On arm which has heretofore surrounded
tho name of tho succcssful military
chieftain, has been broken, jr? the reality
of a weal:, imbecile and ignorant President.
Tbn orinnt. nf Pnlrk Alt^or./!
f-j?r-- - -IV tfRU JL/U^UU
Vista, that loomed so large in the distance I
1 br' ire tho admiring gazo of an astonished i
am' grateful people, has dwindled into an
insignificant pigmy upon the political
bonrds at Washington. So long as "distance
lent enchantment to the view," and
wo knew General Taylor only through
the graceful and elegant writings of Maj.
BJisa, or the inflated panegyrics of those
political lK'qks, >*vho-hoped to .drag them- j
selvoti out .of the quagmire of insignifi- I
cance, by pumping gas into Gen. Taylor's :
Baloon, we enjoyed tho grateful delusion
?n?11?:? * " *
ui uciicviiiu; in nii5 "siem integrity, me
of the old Hero, and lain hoped, in spite
of our better judgments, that the predic-1
| tions of his friends, might,.at least in >part,
j be verified. But alas, the bubble Phas
i burst nnd a collapse has ensued, and wo
have before us, in the person of the Second
Washington (aa he has irreverently
been called) by far the greatest and most
ridiculous lnrnbug of ine Ilerr Alexander.
iunior. is not ft c?rr.<jmfit.Anrt#?
him, and the ^'ineffectual fires" of Dr. I
Webster's mngnetic cures, become pale,
before the resplendex't bla?e of the successful
humbuggery ot l'r?? Horoic President
and the Heroic Age.
Notwithstanding thestnc guard which
is 1cept over him, and the mystery and j
darkness in which his actings and doings
in the Presidential chair have been shrouded,
an occasional glimpse with which
wo are favored, serves to render our lumilia'ion
and mortification complete, by
removing nil doubt &b to Gen. Taylor's
utter incompetence for the exalted offico
to which he has been elevated.
it is delated that orm re ent oecasion,
a. gentleman from one of the British provin<i?s,
called upon the President, and nftor
being introduced, attempted to engage
him in conversation on tho subject or re- <
eiprocal duties, "Yes," sfiid Gen. Taylor, |
"recijytocity, rertprocity-<~YeA, very good i
1 ??Hft.VP. tllrt nOfjltOPC in VAI11" rr\*iritr\r iV/\? 1
, ?;?- 7 f>vv
i.hp rot * 8*d Clayton about reciprocity, 1
Let ur talk about agriculture." Inc gerij
tleroan who relates thi* nriesdote, 'thoa
whi^, v'omidn-cd it.woa <>mc to.go. for be
1 , ?i'. .I'.UtS. ' ,?
; could not but blush for the degradation of
' the office, which he saw so ignorantly filled.
The story about the Sublime Pprte,
1 and the Port of Vera Cruz we will not
j repeat. Whether true or false, it solves
! to show that the public mind is fully aI
waked to thr. iv>nl!?v r?f rj?r> i?
. v? wilt J ctj r/i o
' norancc and incompetence. Another sto|
ry is told, which seems to be well vouched.
and indeed from its nature, cannot
well be doubted. It seems that Gen,
Taylor had pledged himself not to np|
point any but a citizen of the District of
1 Columbia to any local oflico in that Dis|
trict; but, utterly oblivipus of th,c recent
, retrocession of Alexandria to the State of
Virginia, he appointed a resident of that
city, to the oftice of Navy Agent (pr tho
port of Washington! Some confusion l>avr
ing arisen iu the mind of thn TVAnirW*
_ ? t?r* r vw
account of the similarity of the names qf
the applicants, the enquiry was made of
him, as to whom he really meant to give
the office ; to which he promptly replied,
I " Why the man who married the niece of
. my old fiiend B?, I don't know wheth!
er his name is Lathricxim or Linthrop, nor
do I care." This feeling of don't care a
d?nitivenesa no doubt a very pleasant
one, but we think, rather unbecoming the
Chief Magistrate of a great and free people.
n. A ll ? A - - - ~
uiu inc worst feature which these tdevdbpments
disclose, is the fact that Gen.
Taylor has virtually surrendered the
reins of government and the rowers an<J
duties of the oft\ce .of Presiuent, wlricn
he has taken a solemn oath to dischargo
according to the Constitution, into the
hands of his cabinet. The composition
of that cabinet is,of a charactct winch affords
but little ground for hope that tho
rights ,cr interests .of the fiout^> .will he
respected in any of the .exciting questions
which are expected to come up during
illie present administration. Verily we
arc enjoying tlxe fruits of our follv in their
j luilest luxuriance. In the placc of a
I Southern President, identified in mtevcsit,
feeling and association with the South,
we have an abolition rcgency, composed
of men whose rank federal notions, ajvl
high Tariff predcljctionB, arc so fat as the
South is concerned, the least objectionable
features ,of their political character.
Gen. Taylor, we are told when remonstraj
ted with, by thoso to ,v'10n> he'has prom ised
office, "but who have not received
them, uniformly replies, "I am sorry for
! you, my friend?1 did Oic best I (fluid
for you, but they outvoted mc arid <?aw?
the office to another." Will the South be
satisfied wifch a similar answer, when the
Cabinet outvotes .General Taylor upon
the questiops of approving or vetocing tho
Wilmot Proviso ; WcshaH see.
Itome is still where it has been for more
than 2,000 years ;jtia iipop jthe 'jfibcr,
sixteen miles from it* mouth, which rum
south through the western part of the city,
and then turns west, and eontanucs
that course to its outlet, where it is some
300 feet wide. Much of what was for'
merly covered with buildings ia flow cultivated.
This is particularly the case
with much of the southeast part, within
the city walls, and east and southeast of
the Capitoline Hill. Bnd air (malaria) is
said to be the cause of i(he desertion of
tu - - * ??
vma pat v v/i uiu Wiy. X116 JinClGll^ XllllS
are still to be found, but are by no menus
so prominent ns they once were, on account
of the volleys having been filled up
by tho rubbish constantly accumulating.
In this way tha place of the ancient forum
has been filled up atttoast. fifteen feet.
The land at the baso of tho Tarpiun
Rock is so much filled up that the modem
traveller is prone to think that it would
be tfar fro n certain death to be thrown
from its top. It is not, as formerly, lb
foof lii/yV ?fi A 1 1
ivw ?*iMi oi rocKS DOIOW 111
| tiie northeast part arc extensive gardens,
and on tho west side of them are the residence
of the English and American inhabitants.
Tho palaoe of the Pope is
near the centre of the city. The cbuvch
of St. Peter is on the west side : it fa 1a0
feet long, and 550 wide, and will hold
fifty-two thousand people. It cost $60,000,000.
The statue of 8t. Peter stands
not fa# distant. It was formerly a statue
of Jupiter, and was changed by <onP cf
the early Popes into that of Vno nnostln
Dy some mysterious power; without
changing its rante;,'^ substance the
least; wntch ^ave rfce U> the remark of
th' wag that it was formerly the staiu?
of Jupiter, and it is that of Jew-Peter
still. The rcpoH that the great too of
this statue lias been entirely worn away
by the lips of the Catholics le not exactly
: fcrtift Tf. 1* ? .* ' **
? ?* *' iV^oowumi X t IjL
is true that the repeated kisses ?f the
faithful for htmdrede of years feaVe worn
it, away cortolckri-ably. No Cat fa oho pssea
it withotr^ jtopping to kiss it'-^-ZV.
j JRaird. ?;. m