Newspaper Page Text
?lvr ? m ' '-i?
[ TrlrrjrnphtJfor the Baltimore
SKIZCKE OF AMERICAN VESSELS.
Hostov, July 10?0 p. m.'
loiters Ikivc been received here from
('ape Haytien, which state that the papers
of tho brig Dilenus, of Boston, had
been seized by order of the Haytien government,
at Port au Prince.
The commander of the II. S. shin Unri
Inn had boon requested to interfere in (he
matter of the schooner Mary Clinton, a
part of whose cargo had been seized upon
in n like manner, but the commander
refused to act in the case at all, and sailed
next day for Havana without the slightest
attempt to obtain restitution. The
consignees subsequently appealed to
President Monloquc, who acknowledged
flic injustice of the proceedings and made
The conduct of the commander of the
Karl I An is severely reprobated at Port an
Prince and is justly regarded as disgraceful.
The United States Navy and the Troubles
of Europe.?We understand that it
is the intention of the Administration at
Washington to send every vessel of the
navy, which can be spared, to Europe,
lor the protection of our commerce and
?>f our lights 11s neutrals, and keep tliem
there, as there is every necessity for it?
that the Independence will sail in a day
<>r two to the Mediterranean, and that she
will be followed by other ships as soon as
This is a wise determination on the part
of the Administration, and one that \vc
have no doubt will be attended with the
best results. The European continent,
from one end to the other, is in commotion
and revolution. The history of that
part of the world, for the last eighteen
months or two years, warns us that at
any moment a war (in which all the prin1
. i . . -i \ t 1
uiuui powers nuiy ou uciors) may uiuhk
out, and that, in the event of its taking
place, it is essential for the United Suites
to have a large and commanding naval
forco on tho spot, to prevent insult to our
Hag or our commerce, or to promptly resent
it, in case it may he offered. It was
a similar state of things that compelled
tho United States to declare war against
Great Britain in 1812; and it is to prevent
an occurrence of a like nature that our
Government is taking the course which it
has determined to adopt.
Wo confess, however, that we are re
joiced at this action of the Administration,
on another account. We would like to
f$e the stars and stripes present at every
point where the struggle between liberty
and despotism is going on. Its appearance
would nerve and strengthen tho masses
in the conflict with their oppressors,
while it would serve to dishearten the tyrants
who have so long bud their heels on
the necks of the people, and who are now
playing their last card to sustain their
tottering thrones. Let the American fhi?,
we say, he ns prominent jls possible in
Europe at this time. It can do no harm,
and certainly will cause a great deal of
good. If the worrit happens, our national
vessels will be a refuge to the gallant
men, who are now risking their lives and
shedding their blood freely for the cause
which our fathers espoused, and for which
they fought, bled, and died, leaving behind
them an example which the nations
of Europe are now following.?New- York
Jferald, 10th inst.
'Pl.? f~1l 1 1!-* * -
j.ihiw.?x in* ivuuwiiig nxt comprises
the number and character of the United
States vessel in commission July 1, 1849:
Mediterranean Squadron.?One razee,
two frigates, one sloop of war, one first
class steamer, two second class steamers,
Pacific.?One ship of the line, cr.e frigate,
Brazil.?One frigate, two sloops, one
Coast of Africa.?Three sloops, two
W11U BlUUjl, unv Ullg.
Home Squadron.?Ono frigate, three
deeps, two steomcrs, cue schooner.
North of Europe.?One frigate.
On the Lake*.?One steamer.
Total.?()ne ship-of-the-line; one razee,
six frigates, sixteen sloops of war, six
steamers, four brigs, two schooners, four
From iius Char lesion Courtis.
Nkw-Om.kans, July 10?8.15, p. m.
The steam ship Alabainu, from ChaffVAO
*% Vtir/xl 4A '1 1 - Al- - --
io.i, uiiigu io-iiay, jiuviii^ iuii. tnurc on
the 28th ult. There vrns nothing new
Mr. Ilossiter, bearer of dispatches from
the acting Charge at Chili to Washington,
was a passenger in the Alabama.
Mr. Burton, lute Charge was on his way
home in the sloop of war Dale.
The Conservatives were out of power
in Chili, and the Progressives were in the
The California excitement was still in
full blast ftt Valparaiso, but had lulled
considerably in Peru.
The steamship California left Panama
vi? mv b-tvii w uu^ iui ?j(UI >V IllI
a full ft eight of passengers, comprising
nlmost.nl) those awaiting transportation
nt that place. There arc but few now
left on tne Isthmus,
The steam ship 7'criut left Chagrcs on
the 29th uU. lor England, with 775,000
dollars worth of gold on hoard.
Advices from Kingston, fJarn.) to the
2d inst. were received. The Assembly
met on the 28th wit. The Kingston Journal
says tho Session will soon end, as the
majority of the members had determined
to transact no business.
It rained heavily at New-Orleans on
mo luin instant; aim mere was jitnc or
nothing done in cotton on that day.
Safnrdny, July 91, 1849.
With a view of accommodating our Subscriber*
who live at n <liHtnncc, the following
gentlemen are authorized and requested to
act as agent* in receiving and forwarding SubBeriptions
to tho Kkowee Coi'iwkr, viz:
Maj. W. S. Guihiiam, at West Union.
Eowaup llvaiiE-H, Esq., ' Horse Shoe.
E. P. Vkknkr, Esq., " Bachelor^ Retreat.
M. F. Mitch em., Esq.. " Pickensville.
J. K. JIaoooij, " Twelve Mile.
T. J. Webb, for Anderson District.
MR! CALHOUN'S ADDRESS.
This address to tlic people of the Southern
States is the reply of Mr. C. to Col. lienton.
It is a very long but able document, nnd clearly
refutes every chargc made against Mr. C'b.
official carccr. It is one of the most severe
rebukes that we have ever read, and couched
in such style as makes every sentence tell with
double effect. He plainly and clearly convicts
Col. B. of down riglit falsehood.?exposes in
glaring characters his hideous deformities?
"drags the lurking ttca.son forth to light," nnd
brands him hy the forco of lib reasoning as a
traitor to the South. lie tells him that he
passes his personalities with s ilence, and that
contempt; which they, as well as their author,
deserves?and that nothing, but a conscientious
desire to discharge his duty as a public servant;
induces hire to notice his attack?that lie has
no idea of raising him to the level of a competitor?and
that though Col. B. may regard
him as being in his way, that he has never for
a moment considered Col. B. as a rival?nnd
that when he is compelled to noticc him, that
he Conffratulatcs himself if he escapes without
some iuCS Of aclf-rcspect.
Mr. C. gives I'iJrnOtf from and appeals to
public documcnto iuul statistic ui proof of his
jwsitions, iuul these triumphantly Tliidicate
him, and portray in vivid colon) the baseness
imd falsity of Col. IVs. ch.ngcs. Indeed Uiey
are bo light and flimsy, that they need but be
heard tol>o refuted; and are of such a cliaracaetcr
as no sone man would publish in an intelligent
community. Asa sample of the entire
string, we give the following: Col. 13. says,
"Tliat Mr. G'ulhoun was the real outhor of the
Wilmof. Proviso, and calh; it the Calhoun
Proviso." Can anything be more absurbi Why
every school boy who has sense to count an
hundred would at oncc say that it was impossible.
And yet Col. ft labors hard and long to
establish the fact, and gull the Southern peo.?!?
Ti.tf *1? :?i~i? t ?? *? ? *?
|>*v. I^uv Jiiunviaw IliV) BJUl'U Hinpj)CU OI J1IH
borrowed feathers, and the tribe to which lie
truly belonged fully diweloscd.
The lntter part of Mr. C's. address is devoted
to the refutation of Col. BV. assertion that
Congress has the power to legislato as it
pleases uj>on the subject of slavery in the Territories.
Mr. C. denies the power and phews
conclusively that Congress cannot interfurc in
tlint question without a violation of the Constitution.
For if Congress has the power to
abolish slavery, it has also the power to cstalvlish
it, "the one being a counterpart of the other."
This the most rnbid Aboiitionist will deny,
and is of itself a sufficient argument to prove
that Congress has no such power?all her powers
aro "delegoted by each State to be exercised
for the mutual benefit of each and all,
and for the greater *ccuritv of the ri^ht* nn.l
interests of each nnd all."
Wo read this address with great pleasure
and sinccrely regret that its length will prevent
its publication in our columns.
The Lnmvnsville Hcrnhl says that "a large
packet directed to the Postmaster, containing
one hundred and fifty Abolition tracts, came
to that office and received immediate attention
by being burned upon the public square,"
A few of the samo sort has came to and
passed throngh the l'ost Otlioe at this place.
"It is time to act" indeed, and to look to the
v.i|??v?vj ??? % Jittwiijr U| UIU X U?l?_
mooters. It is impossible that thc-ic packages
could thus bo transmitted through the mail,
unless there is some person willing to receivo
and forward them in direct violation of the
law, and the oath which they havo taken as
Postmaster. We trust that the exampio of
Laurens will l>e followed in this respect, nnd
whenever a bundle of these papers does come,
directed to tho Postmaster, that ho will at onc?
consign them to the flames.
The Charleston Courier of the 11th inst,
saya that Chancellor Caldwell v^h ho much
indisposed, that he hod to leave tho Court on
Friday last , and that was unable to re turn to it
And that his health io bo precarious, that his
physician had positively forbidden hU holding
an extra term of tho Court, which he had previously
ordered, to dispoiio of the unfinished
Mit*. Madison, tho widow of thu Kx-Freicidont,
in, wc learn, <!ui)gcrou?ly ill; uod that no
hope of hor iqcovjwy is entertained
LIJ -L-LLtl1 J.l'lf. Jilt- 1 Tt
ANNEXATION OF CANADA.
n.w matter is seriously n]>okon of among the
Canadian*, mul n large jRirtion of the people
are in favor of it. On t lie 4tli inst. our flag was
displayed by tlvc friends of annexation without
We publish to-day a letter from f!en. Scott.
|n whieh he expresses iiimself in favor of annovo
ion nrwl tovw flint f \vo-tliiri]< <?f llic Amor.
icon pcoplo would bo in favor cf incorporating
the country with ours. Wc think tliut the
hero of family's Lane is mistaken, and that
he is far L? ''dvunco of tho times. Hut he
may bo enabled to look into futurity, and perceive
that in 1852 this will boa jiopular measure.
There is no doubt that at least a portion
of the North would bo ir * vor it; nnd some of
presses have already af'vo . tho measure,
the chief inducement being K .nablo them to
enrry on moro cffiect lally tho war against our
institutions. Independent of this, we can sec
no reason why we should now, at the risk of a
war with Grent Britain, rush to embrace a
...? n.l..nnn/va in
and inct our offers of freedom in 1812 with indignution
and nn army of English bayonets.?
Let them extricate themselves from the difficulty
with the parent Government, establish a
Republic, and prove that they arc worthy of the
name of freemen, and capable of appreciating
their duties and responsibilities a* such, and
wo will then willingly welcome them as one of
the nations of the world. Not until they liave
accomplished all this should our Government
have might tosay or do in the premises.
ATTEMPTED ADDUCTION OF SLAVES.
Two slaves, the property of citizens of Leon
county, F'orida, were enticed on board the
brig Ocilln, under the command of Captain
Trim, Ixnmd for New York, by a free negro,
Ambrose Taylor, the cook of the brig. They
were hidden among the cotton, but discovered
before the Ocilln sailed. They were immediately
turned over to one of flic Justice*, and
examined. The cook of the brig was then arrested,
and the testimony was such as toinducc
the Justice to require bail for lus fippearancc
to answer the clwrge, and in default thereof
was committed to nrison. No susnicion wlmt
? r ? 1
ever is attached to the Captain or the other
officers of the vessel; in fact, it is soul thnt
"their whole conduct throughout was nuchas
to entitle them to the respect of a Southern
CHOLERA REMEDY EXPLODED.
\Vc published tiomc time wince an account
that pills of sxtJjilrar nnd charcoal, said to be
discovered by Dr. Bii'd, of ^'hicngo, was a certain
sj>ecitic for cholera. The Detroit Free
Press publishes a letter from Dr. TerfJ, who
has made a chemical examination of Dr. B's
j) ills, and states that the said pills contain n
cuiiMiu'iiiuiu jiviiiou tn iiiorpmnc or one oi IW
salts. He liciiicH that simple charcoal and
sulphur is capablc of producing such effect
upon the system, n-s these pills cause. If such
be a fact, Dr. Pird instead of receiving public
gratitude for hia allcdged d:*-;overy, should be
ILLNESS OF MR. CLAY.
It wnfi rumored that tliis distinguishe*! statesman
had died of cholcra; but a telegraphic
dispatch to Pultimoje dated 7th in-t., says
it A If- ni -? * r r - -
imil mr. *jiay wnH convalescent, and tliat Iub
physician had pronounced him out of danger.
The Lexington (Ky.) Observer of the 4th
inst^, denies that Mr. Clay has ever had the
cholera, and says that Mr. C. and his lady wero
both slightly indisposed, but tluit both had entirely
As tlus corresponds nearly with the date of
the first tlispatch announcing Mr. C'?, sickness
of cholera, it must liave been the cause of the
report; and wo nro inclined to the belief that
this is the only sickness with which Mr. 0. has
Tho New York Express s?y? that up to the
10th ult?, one hundred and forty-six million
six htin/lrtfwl nrwl uiirtw-oAM"" * I. ? ? .1 u? i?? 1
....M ?.?vj avTvu Uiuinmiu, IIUI1"
drcd and thirty four dollars had passed through
the bands of tlic Sub-Treasurer, without tho
loftn of a ccnt to tho Government.
This of iUelf i* conclusive evidcnco of its
efficacy an a fiscal agent.
COLON EL JACK HAYS.
A rumor went the rounds of tho papers some
timo einco that this gallant Texlan was dead.
Hut tho New Orleans Picayune denies the roport
and soya tluxt Col. llays is etill living and
i enjoying good health. Col. Hays was tho
j commander of th? Te*n? Mounted Rifles, who
performed such effective service in ho recent
IIOVOU TO AN AMERICAN CITIZEN.
Tho Degree of Doctor of Civil Law was
conferred on the 20th June last, by the Oxford
University, upon the Hon. George Bancroft, our
Minister to tho Court of St. James.
W? loam from the Carolinian that .James
Brown, who was to have been exec u tod o*t Friday
tho 13th inst., has been respited until tho
last Friday in August. Brown is said still to
be suffering from his fractured limb.
HUNGARY APPEALS TO FRANCE.
The Minister of tho Hungarian Government
?t Farm, Iiiih addressed tho French Minister of
Foreign Affairs asking aid for liis devoted
country. Ho irfledgcs that tlio policy of the
Kjnperoi Micholua is enmity against ull civilised
pcopis, and consequently against Franco.
And that hi* present alliance with Austria
| against the Hungarians is hut to rmi" ! ?>
, Ktinicct to hhrwclf, the better to onrry out hi*
| policy. J
GOV. SEABROOK, I (
Is now iii Columbia, having readied that j (
place on Wednesday the 11th inst. All coin- (
munioatioin for the Executive Department >
must l)c addressed to liiin there. | s
Wo lenrn from the Charleston Mercury that ' s
it is tho intention of the Governor to attend 1 I
the Hegimcntal Reviews an Anderson, Pickens I
and Greenville, and that lie will then visit such <
other flections as business or the collcction of
information may reqniro.
A BREST OF THE SUPPOSED JOHN 1
On yosterday a man colling himself
Miles Callahan, was brought to this placc *
and committed tf Jail. lie was arrested
by Capt. L, N. Romnp, Capt. O. E, Uaiitox,
and Washington Nicoi., in Green- 1
... ~ .... t
vine uistnet, at Henry iJnrhys' about)*
eleven miles North of Grcenvill C. H.,
under suspicious circumstances, being
fomid in the garret of a new house, upon
which he was al work for Mr. Darby
Those who saw John Bishop when he was
passing through this District on the 28th
of April last, the time when he made his
r?a/?ntw? env So 4
tn?j vaato JO VUV iUUUHVUl O UUII <
op; who, with Wm Young passed the '
counterfeit money to Col Norton.
Fou tiib "Kkowee Courier.'! j
In accordance with a promise made to '
mnny of you, I will now attempt to give
a synopsis of that information after which
I have been for some time seeking. And
here allow mo at once to acknowledge ^
my deep obligations to you for the kindness
you extended to me whilst thus engaged.
No District could treat its Marshall
with more consideration than Pick- 1
ens has extended to hers. As an instance,
among many others, of the liberal liospijniw..
?.. T i .??
umuy vi iw1 a,iu/.v:iip, x 111?iv in: purillUlCtt
to say, that fifty cents will cover the
whole travelling expenses incurred by
me during a canvass of near 4 months
The number of white inhabitants of
the District is 12,788, on increase of
1,453 since 1830. I have also been
kindly furnished by the Tax Collector
with Ihc following statistics: The District
pays taxes for 3,832 slaves, for 42 free
people of colour; for land of first quality 1
0,470 acres, of second do. 63,815, of
third do. 500,270?total, 582,555 flcrc3.
W. G. MULLINAX,
Marshall for Pickens District.
Georgetown, July 11.
Fire.?On the morning of the 5th inst.,
at about 1 o'clock in the morning, we
were visited with quite a conflagration,
burning down one-half of the business ]
part of the town. Eighteen stores in all
were destroyed, in that portion of the
town where no fire has occurred, since
that of the revolutionary war when the
1 i ? "? * - - -
nmlsn ucsiroyca n large portion of the
toSvn by fire.?Observer.
LETTER FROM GEN. SCOTT ON TIIE
ANNEXATION OF CANADA. 1
Wjwt Point, June 20, 1840.
My Dear Sir: The news from the Parliament
of Great Britain, this morning :
must, I think, increase the discontent of
our neighbors on the other side of tho St.
Lawrence and the Lakes not a little; and 1
v^ai those discontents will, in a few years
; lca<i to a seperation of the Canadas, New
Brumwick, <fcc., Arc. from the mother
country, seems equally probable.
AVill these provinces form themselves
into an independent nation, or seek a connexion
with our Union? f think the probability
is greatly in favor of the latter.
In my judgment the interest of both
sides would be promoted by anexntion?
the several Provinces coming into the Union
on equal terms with our present thirty
States.' The free navigation of the
St. Lawrence is already of imTitituu* 5i?-1
portancc to perhaps n third of our present
population, and #6uld be of great value
to the remainder. Aftor annexation, two
Revcnuo Cotters, below Quehoc, would
givo us a betief seoui-ity ngninst smuggling
than 30,000 <to8t<>m house employees,
strong along the line thnt Bcpnratcs
us from the British possessions on our
1 anr. well acquainted with that lino,
and know a arrcat. den! of the intortata
| und diameter of the Provincials. Though
opposed to incwporatng with Us any district
densely peopled \vith tho M?x?enn
race, I should be most happy to frat r- 1
nice with our Northern ami North-Kaatcrn
What may be the views of our Executive
government on tho subject I know
absolutely nothing; but 1 think I canflfct
ei;r in saying that two-thirds of our neo
plo would rejoice nfc the hioorporntlon,
nnd tlio other tMnNodn'perceive Its benefit*.
Of coittse, Is nrsi opposed to any u?*
?Hi '1 - JL-'l^LL! ?
lerhamled measures, oil our pail, in favor
>f the measure, or any other act of bad
aith towards Groat jjritain. Her goo<l
vill, in my view of tlio matter, is only
iccond to that of the Provincials themselves,
and that the former would soon
follow the latter?considering the present
temper and condition of Christendom?
:annot be doubted.
The foregoing views I have long been
n the habit of expressing in convcrsn
ion, I give them to you tor what they
nay be worth.
rili: REPEAL OF TIIK NAVIGATION
The repeal of the celebrated navigation
aws of (xreat Britain, we think, cannot
ail to exert a most favorable influence
ipon the commercial and agricultural inerests
of tho United States. Our trade ,
n ngricultmtil products, now comparatively
large, is destined to bo greatly augmented
by this recent measure of the
British Parliament. Such conseoucnces
ire anticipated by many of the leading
[British presses. The Liverpool Times,
m onnonent. of the ve.nenl nf tho. nnviirn
lion laws, has the following remarks up>n
this subject. It says:
In 1840 was imported into Liverpool?
mind. Liverpool only?10,000 tiorces beef
?vaW COO,000. In the same year w?
imported in Liverpool 23,800 lwirrels of
Pork?value ?80,000. This gives an
importation into Liverpool, from Ireland,
in the year mentioned, of produce to the
amount of . 140,000.
Look at the differcnc... In 1848 there
was scarcely any beef imported from Irc1:111(1
Tn IfliA llinrn wni-n /?>1? 1 'AA
... vmviv 1IVIV viilj W;IVV
barrels of pork imported from Ireland into
Liverpool?value about . 12,050. Into
London the value of these articles in
1840 was four or five times as much as
the value imported into Liverpool. That
is, in 1840, nearly ?700,000 of beef and
All this is gone. The United States
send us what ruined Ireland cannot send.
Amoricn is our shambles?she sends us
manufactured flour?she is our orchard?
she will be our poUitoc garden; and sho
will continue to be so as long as we have
a national debt, and nearly ?30,000,000
to pay annually to the national creditor.
At the time wo have alluded to, America
sent no provisions to this country. Iro
land being ruined by the Peel policy arid
Whig misrule, we draw oertain supplies
from the United States. What wo subjoin
is nothing to what wo shall hereafter
disclose; but wo proceed by exhibiting
There were imported into Livorpool,
for the week ended the 6th June, the following
865 barrels of pork.
200 hogsheads of pork.
800 do. and lx>xes of bacon.
vn -l - - e _* i a
jjv uu. ui pigs ncaas, <yc.
300 barrels of lard.
This is nothing to w h at is coming, which
wo shall ?numerate by and by. Of cereal
produce we have the following in one
week, fur thy ? ended Oth June;
10,145 bags Indian corn.
20,713 bushels do. do.
3,229 barrels of flour.
2,129 sacks of do,
8,420 quartorsof wheat.
1,020 do. of beans.
2,400 bushels of oats.
Did vrc say that America is our granary
and our potato garden ? It is true for
the present. It will fee so till the great
change comes. We have given a weekly
return only. The yearly one will astonish.
We would, in charity/advise the
Whig landlords to sell their estates without
delay and emigrate; for as hurc as the
sun shines, there will be a fe4irfuJjrec^ ^
The Boundary Line between the United
States and Canada, run in accordwwe
with tho Ashburton treaty, coot the labor
of 300 men 18 months. For 300 miles a
jMith was cut through the forest, 30 feet
wide, and cleared of all trees. At tho
end of every mile is u east iron pillar, painted
whito, square, four feet out of tho
groun, seven inchos s<^uar? at the bottom,
nnd four at the top, with raised letters on
its sides* naming too Commissioners who
run tho line, and tho date.
A Mr. Millei, residing near H^r v
Ulii u t ?hU? hod !l prOuigOUn j'liefiC fif luck,
on Monday morning last his wife was
obliging enough to give birth to fine boys,
oil of whom?the Philadelphia Ledger
says?"are alive and doing well." What
make# the caso singular, or rathor phtrui
is, that she produced twins on one occa-.
sion, and a trio OfPftnothei, making altogether,?with
the last qqnsJgnraont, ^ei>
ohildmi in fovtrycars, Okk \ r Jo w.ihat *
If we had such a wife we would exclaim ?
with the nfflictod Mlerjtc?your
trumpet, QabriaK*Ivm ready rto gofr-.
Tlic Indian Corn Shipment# of J unc last,
fron? thfci country, actually exceed thoso
of tbo Sumo month in 1847, the great ftnsii
ino year by 660,480 bushel*?tho total
being,1,28V,360 for Jaot month. It i?
likely that tho shipment# of thia SitocIo
may even' yet go on to incl^c,