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"?TO T1IINK OWN SELF UK TRUE, AND FT MUST FOLLOW, A8 T11K MOIIT TIIK DAV, THOU CAN'ST NOT TURN BE FAlSE TO ANT MAN,"
VOL. L PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, JULY 28, 184'X NO. 11
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For the "Keowkk Courier."
PICK ENS DISTRICT?HER PROSPECTS.
But I pass on to the capababilities of
our District: people at a distance may
ask, what can we produce? the answer
is at hand: Indian corn, (enough for tho
ooiisnmntinn nf n frwirM? r?f !?<? ??o?a.?
this may meet the eye of some unfortunate
corn buyers in tho middle Districts
in the yenr 1845, which was so scourged
by drought, when they came up searching
for Josephs in this Egypt, to get a !
"little food1 for themselves and little
onesi") wheat, oats, rye, buck wheat, po
tatoes, cotton, tobacco, rice, apples, I
peaches, pears, and other fruits of tarions
And now I allude to our climate; it is
mild and cool in summer, with refreshing
breezes, and nights similar to those in
New York, especially about Saratoga.?
YTxiMfc Jmn liAt) J/vwrn irx oa1AA?*
AVIV VIIV aico UVIIII IV WUI1U1UI*
b!y, not to fight insinuating musquitoes,
nor be serenaded by the hoarse croaking
of overgrown frogs. We have a healthy
climate?none more so?without the conHumption
of the North, or the eh ills and
fever of the South and West. We are
blessed, eminently so, in this particular,
"Health is the pow man's riclieH,
And rich man's btree."
These are only a part of the advantages
we enjoy in tlur improvment
amongst us which is the order of the day.
.I? v:nn~? ?... i.-.. ?u.. ?-i??
j&b vui t n ^ iiuiuuii (?miv wnuucr
cd press, disseminating knowledge and
useful information over offr District, presenting
to them "a map of busy life" of
the world without. We have also in our
Village an Academy that would do credit
to any part of the &tate, a sembniy
where young men arc prepared to enter
college; it is under the charge of that
excellent man and ripe scholar, Mr.
Leverett, of Anderson, a gentleman, than
whom no one stands higher in moral rectitude
and honesty of purpose. Added
to this urc have a flourishing Division of
"The Sons of Temperance," whose pure
principles and benevolent objects entitle
it to the patronage of all. Its fruits are
visible here, attested in the peaceful, so
ber, moral, and quiet demeanor of our
citizens, whilst not a grogshop remains to
stain the charncter of our place; no pestilcntial
upas, whose effluvia spreads
death, immorality disease and degiadation
arounu. Ko, thank Heaven, from
thir evil we are free.
I now take a bird's eye glance at our
future prospects. The day is not far distant
our District will become to a greatdegree
n manufacturing one. There is
no rmrl. nf (tin mitK mmli
jK>wcra as wo have: we have enough to
propel nil the mnchinery in Massachusetts.
Not ft stream that flows large
enough, but )uw ample fall to put a
wheel in rapid motion. 1 have not space,
sufficient to enumerate half our water
power, and shall only notice one,' it beingnear
our Village^ I alludo to the Fulls
nf Lit tin Ttlvflr AWHAfl Kir nur nnlni'nMViii?
WT'-'nrf ?f' -"S ~rlfr?- VJ vn?vi|'.ioiiig
fcllow-citszcn, Col. Joseph Griaham. The
?vholo river is precipitated 70 or 80 feet
over a solid perpendicular rock, and forms
of itself, thc^most lovely and picturesque
scenery any whero to be Having
examined the Merrimack river at I,fmell,
Mass.* 1 am prepared to say that fnlly as1
much, vwtcc falls over tick rock,, as b,
! used in propelling atl the machinery in J
! that place: and is it just to suppose that
such a water power as this is to pas3 on
unheeded and uncmnlovcd? No. assured
j ly not; nothing was created in vain. I
' look with certainty to the period, when
this torrent will whirl thousand of spindles?manufacturing
our produce, such
us cotton and wool?the latter article being
abundantly supplied from our herds
of sheep; to the raising of which our
| District is peculiarly adapted; while cot1
ton, as has been said before, thrives well.
We will, therefore, have our raw materials
at home, and thus save tlio expense
of transportation to which our Northern
neighbors are subjected.
When our district mnnufnr.tnroa.
| shall find a home market for our farm
productions, corn, wheat, vegetables,
fruits, Ac. will be needed by those who labor
in the mills. We can ship our fabrics :
on our Railroad to the seaboard and from
thence to nny part of the world; thus
drawing the patronage of the globe.?
These are no fancy sketches, but facts,
stubborn facts, sustain the announcement.
Angusta, GraniteTiHeand Charleston
are thus engaged shipping their
homespuns to every market, and arc de
daring large per cents. We must wake
up to otrr advantages, and not lie supinely
down without an effort. Let us shake
off our lethargy, and as Hercules advised
the lazy wagoner, put otrr shoulders to
the wheel, and that ultimate- success will
crown our efforts, no sane man will!
doubt. Travelling not loner since on the I
South Carolina Rail Road, 1 was delighted
with some valuable information relative
to this District. Said Sir. Lithgo to
me, (he w the Chief Engineer of the S.
C. Rail Road,) 'the Columbia and Anderson
Rail Road will not stop at Anderson1
C. H., btrt jftass on through Sickens,
cross the Rabun Gap and find a connection
with the Tennessee River at some
notable point/ This, indeed, would make
our District (fie most desirable in the
Ql.i. A *- 1-1
otitic, uur conon goous couiu men uc
taken to the West or seaboard as our ki'
tercst would dictate
We lmvc a ftitsre' ol pro^pority f*
whtah ire are aeftartcing. Our District
offers grand indfucemcnts to emigrants
and settlers. Lands arc cheap now?
climate fine and healthy. Society improving
with the liberal spirit of tho age.
Mechanics find employment: anrf all, a
; healthy and quiet climate. How often
nave I wished when passing through the
lower Districts m the autumn, and saw
families down with chills and fever of
every type, that they were in our District
enjoying that greatest ??rthfy boon?
health. Not long ago, I was informed
by an influential gentleman in one of the
middle Districts, that ha and ha?f a dozen
more intended soon to come to our Distaict
to make a settlement, and would devote
his time to the raising of stock; a
business in which he had understood that
our part of tho State was eminently
! suited; I assured liini it was, for we have
an immense tract of land suited for
grazing. Yes, comcto Pickens, those of
' you who are debating tho subject of goI
ing to the new lands of the West. Wo
have their advantages without their sickness
and other privations.
To tho traveller and seeker ufter tho
grand and beautiful in nature, here opens
a panorama of loveliness that cannot fail
to insnirp. tlir 1r%vr>r r?f nntnrp. with i'."
light. By the pidc of our Village flfotrs
the transparent Koowce, m clear and
bright, that the smallest pebblo may bo
plainly seen at the bottom of 10 feet water.
This beautiful river comes in contact
with no imparity from its head to
iho Village, bat leaps joyfully down each
cascade and cataract as it passes through
its own bright scenery?here and there
shut out by guardian? mountains and
' shadowed over with laurel branches.
The Falls of Little River proscnt a romantic
appearanco, and well repays the
v'wjtor for a ride thither. Next come the
snperb Falls on Fall Crock, nine mile*
above the Village, well worth a week's
trouble to observe. Next conies the
magnificent Cataract or Falls known as
"White Water," whera the Jocassec, or
main branch of the Keowee, precipitates
itself down, down, and still down a beaui
tiful chasm or linn. These Falls present
the most charming scenery of tho kiud
in the Southern States; far ahead of the
far-famed Toccoa Falls in Georgia; and
the time is near at hand when it will be
considered bud tasto not to have been to
this Niagara of the South. Then comes
t tho famed Table Rock, standing erect ami
regal among its neighboring heights; no
scenery in the United States that I have
?aii vajuiuo vuia iilii^iliuwilt IIlUUUUllli;
the mountains of the Hudson River, the
Crow's-nest, St. Anthony's Nose, Catskill,
&c., drc., all fail when compared
with the Table Rock; description is
mockery, unless it were done by an
Irving or Sir Walter Scott. A man
placed upon the summit of this rock will
feel himself a better man, for ho stands,
as it were, in the presence of Deity,
whose imDress is seen in this stunendows
work of nature.
Then come to Pickens if yon want
good lands and good health, where you
can rear up your families in safety?where
disease will not so early snap the cord of
life and compel you to consign to the
tomb your loTed wife and "little one;"
flee from the malarious Districts to our
pure air and water; renew your constitutions
and Hvc to a green old age.
Pickens C. H.f July 22, 1840.
FURTHER ITEMS OF FOREIGN
The Baltimore Sun's Despatch contains
the following additional items:
in Parliament the removal of the Jewish
Disabilities has been rejected in the
Upper house by a majority of 25, the
Minister mot venturing to call for the
Baron Rothschild having been rejected,
' Una fllcAn^ I*??.
?'?*" m#? uvwpwu inu viuiicnii MUil"
dreds and made an appeal to the electors.
His success fs considered certain. The
House of Commons has affirmed the second
rending of the marriage bill to render
valid marriigeR with the staters of
The affirmation^ wlifeh feeetftlr completed
its passage m the House of Commons,
hns been rejected-by the Lord's by
a large lwrjorifty.
The bill providing for the transportation
of Smith O'Brien and his associates,
has passed the Parliament and received
the Queen's signature. It is expected
however that the Qncen on her proposed
visit to Irelnnd, vriM sigua&c ft by grnrtting
n general pardon.
Tlie advices from Paris to Tuesday
evenimr state tliat the citv was nerfectlv
tranquil, nnd business on the Bourse
steady, wfthnft fmproved tendencf and a
rise in prices. Five per cts. closed at
0Of. 25 centimes.
Irt the course of the debate in the Assembly
on Foreign Affairs, the Minister
declared that thei e. was no danger of war.
M. de Tocquevillc said that after having
more carefully considered the subject,
he had been ttaabfc to discover the slight si
trace of that new holy alliance of
which honorable members had expressed
such jealousy. the course of his
sneech de Tofcvu'vill hilkod nf t.hfc frnAir
ivess of the Russian Government, an expression
1>hieh t?ns received with shouts
of laughter, touring the debate, Genera)
Cavaignac made a most important speech.
The latest intelligence from ftome says
that Odinot had so far succeeded that the
city was entirely at his mercy, but tu sjwrc
it the horrorf of a frightful carriage, ho
l..,. ?.-V? i~ it. ?i
Iirvo ouulUlltK'U Miliua w iiiu iiiuinvimif,
which it is thought Y/ould be accepted.
It is said that, the English government
oftered a friondly remortelrrtficcr against
the bombnrtfment of ttomc, urging upon
the French government the necessity of
coming to an accommodation.
It Ih said that the? Hungarians were ,
partially defeated by the Austrian on the
21st, and com puffed to retire beyond the
Woag, where, from the naturtf of the
country, they will be better abfe to repel
the iimutfng forces. The Austrian and
German journal state that contest* have
occurred at several points on the Waag
and Home ascribe victory to the HungAryms
ntfd others to the Austria us,.
| The Gcrnrun Reformer, which has
hitherto been favorable to Austria, says
that the Austrians have sustained checks,
and that the cholera and other mofadics
are rosing in their cauip.
It also says that the Magyars arc displaying
greater enthusiasm than ever,
.i.ivi iimt ivus-sum nus oruereu Austrian
prisoners numbering several thousand,
to work on 1he Deweain railway.
Ancona has at last surrendered to the
Austrians, after a terrible bombardment
of Venice has been suspended, on account
of terms of capitulation having j
been proposed bv the beseicred.
Cavtukk ot Java.
From Vallay the accounts announce
the complete victory of the Dutch. The
attack commenced on the 13th of April,
and after 13 hours hard fighting, nil the !
fortifications were taken and the Nether-,
land fla^ hoisted within the walls. The
Vallans, it is said, had 6000 killed and
wounded. The Dutch lost about 250.
It is that the Island will be forthwith annexed
tQ the Dutch possessions.
Gkhmany and Prussia.
The accounts from central Germany
and Prussia are of a much more pacific
cnaracier man Hitherto.
ELECTRICITY AND CHOLERA?SOLUTION
OF THE QUESTION.
Dr. And rand, of Paris, has communicatee!
to tho Academy of Sciences, the
following interesting letter upon the con- j
nection between the Cholera and Elec- j
tricity, which appears to be a decisive so- j
lution of the problem: ]
Paris, June 10, 1849.
"Throughout. the varying course of the
} ravages of the cholera in Paris, that ?
I to say during the past three months ncar|
ly, I have studied the action of the electrioa)
machine daily in order to satisfy
myself whether there is not a fixed connection
between the intensity of that
seourgc and the absence of the electric
fluid unusually different throughtout the
The machine which has been the object
of my daily observation is a powerful
one?at ordinary time.-t, it throws off,
after two or three urns of the wheels,
destonating sparks from 2 to 2 1-2 inches
m icngtn. l at first observed that from
the" commencement of tTic epftfemfc, rt
was impossible for me to produce this
resuft once/ IXurfag the months of April
and May, the' sparks, obtained with great
difficulty, never exceeded seven tenths 01'
an inch, and their variations agreed very
closely w ith the h-reguTarRies of the
cholera. This supplied at once a strong
ground of belief that I was close upon
the important fact t nought to establish;
yet I was not quite convinced, since the
variable moisture of the atmosphere
might have caused the irregtifarftics of
I awaited therefore, with impatience,
the coming fine weather and heat, to continue
my observations with more cer
tainty. Heat and fine weather at fengtfi
came, and to my amazement, the machine,
though often referred to, fur from
denoting its should have beerj the case,
! an increase of electricity, only gave more
j sttid more feeble indications of it, to such
j a degree, that during the days of the 4th
I 6th and &th of June, it was inrpossibfe
i to obtain anything more than slight crack!
infrs, without sparks, and at length, oiy
tfie 7th, the machino remained entirety
silent. This new decrease of theclcc
trie fluid coincided perfectly, as fs weff
known, with the violence of the cholera.
For my part, I felt appalled, rather than
surprised, my conviction was fixed, and I
saw in it btfl the result of a eJearfy estab!
i It may be imagined with what anxiety,
in those criticnl instants. I consulted the
| machine, tho sad and truthful witness to
a great calamity. At length, on the
! rrtovnfng of tAe 8th, feeblo sparks rc|
appeared, then intensity increased from
hour to hour, and I porccived with joy
that the life giving fluid was returning into
the atmospheric void. Towards cven;
in? a storm announced to Paris that elec;
tncity had re-entered it? domain; in my
view, the choJern was vanishing with the
: out so that produces it. Tho next day,
I Huturday, the Oth, my experiments were
\ vvB&SftSed, and ev*ry thing had then re
turned to its proper condition; the raa!
chine, at the sli^ntest touch, threw out
brilliant sparks with ease, and it might
almost be said, with delight, as if aware
of the good tidings ft was bl inking.
I have thought it my duty, Mr. President,
to communicate these facts immediately
to the Academy. The question
now appears to mo entirely solved. Na-*
Iwe has infused into the atmosphere a
mass of electricitv, contributing to the
beTvfee aftd support of life. If| by any
cause, this <?f clcctricity fc> diminish4
?l, awl sometimes decreased oven to cx httusiiuu,
what follows? Every one suffers;
those who carry within a sufficient
supply of oTcctrieity, withstand it; those
ivlui i*nn Trvo nuTu llV IvM'WvU'lHl* uLmlrlni
?i aiv # > v v??y fcrv??viflllg VIWiKVl"
t v from the conuuou mass, perish with,
the exhaustion of that mass. This is n
clear and perfectly rational explanation,
not only of tho cholcra, but, perhaps of
all other epidemics that at intervals afflict
humanity. If tho great fact in question'
were recognized and admitted as principle,
1 think it would be easy for medical
science, possessing, as it docs, countless
ways of producing and restrianing electricity,
to prepare for a successful resistonce,
upon its re-npnearance. of a nlai?ue
which I regard uo present ns at least, arrested
m its course, if it has not wholly
Accept, Mr. President the assurance
of my respectful regard.
A letter from the London correspondent.
of the National Intclligencer has the following
A very amusing correspondent of the
Liverpool Albion, who communicates every
week a couple of columns of what ho.
calfs Metropolitan Gossip, gives an account
this week of a grand entertainment,
at the house of the Turkish Ambassador,
in which he thus introduces the present
Minister from tho United States:
"On a couch in the middle of the divan,
[ on the right hand, were seated the two
most remarkable looking men present.
after the Pacha himself, namely, Bancroft,
the American, and! Brunow, the
Unsown Minister. Tbey conversed, together
with great seeming cordiality the
v.Mef part of the sitting, and in English
too; tne Bar on, like all his travelled conntrymen,
being a great linguist, though
by-tbe-by he ? German born. He is a
man of noble stature and commanding
port, becoming bis stars and crosses well,
lie bears an excellent private character
for tfmrkr ami all the domestic amiabilities.
An individual stamned more thor
ougliTy with the BBipr^sa of ft gentlemun
was not. to- he founu either in the ambassadorial
circle below or the vast general
circle above, than- Mr. Bancroft. In his
pfliin and! rather quakerish cut black coat,
rifcandTess and starless as he was, without
even so- ranch as a diamond shirt stud, he
faftcdf not to draw much more of the attention
of the observant spectator than
any of hfs gKttering fellow professionals
around him. Apparently about fort}
three or four, toll, well-formed, with ?
somewhut scholastic form of face, lie, has
all the polish of the coutior, without! any
forfeiture of the simplicity of the republicans;
arid there Is this to be said of him,
which can be said scarccly of any Plantagont
amongst us, he stands the ordeal'
of a white cravat. Any man who canput
a calamity of that sort round his
throat without looking like a billiard marker,
a tapster, or a country parson, is fit
to shwfce hands with my Lord Devon,
who not only like D'Israeli, looks upon
| tho Normnn3 ns upstarts, but upon Cflnri
kwagm as a mushroom."
The writer's description of the otlicr
iwewbers of t.?c diplomatic corps is very
| grapfrrc, but in no case so complimentary
iw (his of Mr. Bancroft.
Lonq and Shout Auticlkr.?-A lbng
newspaper article, like a 'great book,' is
a great evil. They are less apt to be
read: and if perused at all', a1 great) parb
of their effect is necessarily lost, if tl\o be
Set Irto* V?Afn\'/i ib rmnlin/1
ftXIIII1I1?? W IVOV V'liu 14 1VMVUVU.
Short articles, on the contrary, as they
are the most easily read and remembered",,
arc most likely to be' Useful Virgil's
good old maxim in agriculture, is equally
applicable m writing for the public. HAo
mire," says he, "large farms, euftfvato
small ones." Many subjects cnimot justly
be treated with brevity.- BH*C such
arc not suitable to the coTumns of a newspaper;
they should be discussed in the
' V ' - - l-_ A
monthlies or quarterlies, or m noons, jv
newspaper article or fwfragraph (they
should be nearly synonymous) should be
brief, and *o the- point. It fe a great art
to say, either verbally or print, just
whst one? has t? say, nwf *w more, and
to stop when you hate ftnfefwd.?Char/fstown
iii:?ess op Mas, u.4ftnironth ^
Cincinnati Commercial c# the 2d itv'ffttti
. ?' .?t?. .? j,iiw
wurns irnri a reiwDie source tht>
wMow of cx-Prealderrt tlarrr.on jg, Jying
at h?a residence in tfwlli Uv*sd Ohio very
low with chocra,
Hie Hon. Jamtw tin&hanau been re*
rjne?ted hy the city council of l?a|\caBter.
raf to aenver a on logy on tho deceased
ex-president Polk, but declines on th#
kcote of delicacy,