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" TO THINK OWN 8KLF UK TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE NIGHT THE DAY, THOU CAN'ST NOT THEN BE FALSE. T& ANY MAN."
VOL. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1849. NO. 14.
TUP 1 -
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.or All Communications should be addressed
to the Publisher poet paid.
[From tho South Carolinian.]
THE BANK?ANOTHER FALLACY.
But another fallacy which led to the
establishment of this institution was,
that as the times were hard and money
scarce, a Bank must he created to furnish
a circulating medium.
The creation of the Bank may have
afforded some relief to many persons directly
and indirectly to manv more. But
the notion of a necessity for increasing
the circulating medium is entirely erroneous.
Under a sound condition of
things, the circulation in every community
will bear a certain natural relation to
the business to be transacted ; and It
passes legislative sagacity to determine
that relation: nnd it nno mvnrinWv
found that, when governments have undertaken
to prescribe that relation, mischief
has ensued. Inflation in all branches
of business is the uniform result. High
nominal prices for every thing, that for a
time delude all parties with the semblance
of prosperity only to make them
feel with great poignancy the bitterness
of disappointment?a condition of things
verv advantageous to thr?sr>. wlm V?ov?
time and opportunity and sagacity enough
to profit by the blunders of others, but
disastrous to the community at large.?
The fact is that the amount of circulating
medium required by each community will
be regulated by the laws of trade; laws
more potent than any legislative enactments.
Legislative enactments can only
affect the nominal amount; they cannot
d?t?rmino the real valiiw nf *lm niirron/?tr
And it would be quite as sensible to try
to regulate tho nggrcgato value of the
corn, wine, and oil to be used, as to fix
that of the circulating muqium. Tho
whole notion belongs to th? coonomy of
the sixteenth century, and is quit? unworthy
the consideration of grown men
of the nineteenth. It is no part of the
duty of government to furnish a circula
ting medium; it does all that it can legitimately
do when it coins money and regulates
the value thereof, just as it determines
upon the weights and measures by
which articles may be sold, It fixes thus
the standard for exchanges, and thus promotes
convenience and equity in commercial
It may seem puerile at this time of
day to be malting these statements which
belong to the horn book of economical
science; but as their truth is practically
denied by the friends of the re-charter
at the present day, as it was by the advocates
of the charter thirty-seven years
ago, we must be indulged m a repetition
of the A, B, C.
This idea of its being a part of the duty
of the State Government to furnish a
currency is of a piece with the notion so
much insisted on eight or ten years ago,
that it wns indispensable to the com
cn-i ii.. /-i ??
iiii/iW uiu uuiu;n unit ill'" UUVeni*
raent of the States should furnish a
means of effecting exchanges; and the
friends of the United States Bank rang
the changes upon it with, such perseverance,
thnt even the most sceptical on the
other side were almost inclined to believe
that there must be something in it.?
Thanks to the triumph of the Democratic
piinciples, even the Whigs (the decided,
if not ultra) must begin to see that there
is nothingin it.
In the United States Bank controversy
the true position was taken by the people
this State. It was in substance
that'f he United States Government was
the Rgent of the States for certain purnoses
only: That as it could not of light
t>e a ship owner, (excepting ships for defence,)
or merchant, or agriculturist, or
manufacturer, or engage In any of the
industrial pursuits of the people, so it
could not of right bank or engage in the
business of exchanges; that when it had
"coined money and regulated the valuo
(hereof and of foreign coin," it hod performed
all the functions required of it by
the Constitution in this relation; that
doing more than this was acting without
| lawful warrant, and ncccssarily tended I
to. swerve from their path of duty the
servants of the people; that it inevitably
led to a violation of that cardinal rule of
I the Constitution which denounces commercial
preference to one section (port)
over another. For manifestly, according
to all just rules of interpretation, the
Government cannot constitutionally do
that indirectly which it is forbidden to do
This same position we take against the
Bank of the Stato. If it was a strong
position against the Bank of the United
States, it is stronger against the Bank of
]From the Shrevejjort Caddo Gazette.]
COL. WIGFALL AND GEN'L.
We fully designed giving a synopsis of :
the speeches of Gen. Houston and Col. !
Wigfall, at Marshall, but for want of i
snace we arc nMicrnH mnte mil- nftjtnn
of them brief. Notwithstanding the inclemency
of the day, the concourse of
hail, healthy tinged, honest-faced people
was immense. We must confess, that if
we ever entertained an opinion prejudicial
to the beauty, honesty, gallantry, and
hospitality of the good people ol^Texas*
that opinion was forever banished from
our mind during our temporary sojourn
j tn Marshall. To use the expressive lanI
gunge of the Hero of San Jacinto, "the
i 1'exions are the cleverest people in the
world." But, paulo majora oanamus.
I Gen. Houston's speech was on able nnd
' ingenious, though, we think, unsuccessful,
dcfence of his vote upon the Oregon bill.
He evidently attempted, nnd doubtless
expected, to honeyfuggle the good hearers,
and cot up a general hurrah for "Old
Sam. The onus of his speech was a
tirade of virulent abuse, indiscriminately
heaped upon John C. Chlhoun and the
iSfniltllPrn AfMr*?ce Mo Ma/la n? allnciAn
to his deviation from the written instructions
of his constituents, sent him at the
same time that he received his appointment
from the Texan Legislature. He
made no excuse for publishing his free
boil letter in the organ of the "Whig party.
He mentioned not a word that fell from
his devout lips, when the abolitionist at
the North, ejaculated the to triumph
But he expatiated with Ciceronian peculiarity,
upon his identity with the early
history of Texas. Battles, toils, hardships
and sufferings were recounted ; and
the achievements of himself passed over
to the no small admiration of the silent
I auditor. He dilated with sepulchral voice,
anil moving diction, upon the attempt of
some to take from him his fair fame, and
the waving plume of his bright destiny.
His spcccli was interlarded with rich and
racy Rnecdotes, which we relished ; but
1 for the life of us, we coidd not relish the
doctrines they were intended to season,
and render palatable. Gen. Houston is a
calm, dignified, impressive, and self-posI
sessed speaker. His address and manner
I are captivating beyond description; and
his action, that which enters largely into
the composition of the orator, is graceful
and easy. His eagle eye, his engaging
manner, his clear, deep ttned voice, and
his inimitable faculty of recitation, combined
with good common sense, mother
w}t, and overpowering irony and sarcasm,
entitles hi to no mediocre position in the
t - . . - - -i
troiie oi oraionciu merit.
When Gen. Houston finished hi < speeoh,
the very welkin rang with a call for Col.
Wigfnll. This gentleman mounted the
stand, armed with documentary weapons,
ready alike for defence nnd attack. We
saw at once that the "tug of war" was
coming, as the bold, daring, aptf indomitable
Cblpnel, with resolute meln, steady
nerve, and Impassioned manner, brandish"
ed his rapier over the opposing Greek.
He held him up to "public reprobation,"
and heaped Pelion upon Ossa with such
dexterity, that we verily thought the old
General's world wide fame no more than
tke "visual line which girt him round."
The couplet occurred to us:
| "I pity the man whom the public gaze
| Has made the object of censure, or praise.'*
I Wo cannot too highly estimate Col.
Wigfall foi his prompt, energetic, and
patriotic defence of Southern rights.
While snch a man raises his eloquent
voice for the /Star St&te, no ambitious and
. . n . -
aspmng oenaior can mitreprtscnt nor
with impunity, fiol. WlgfalPs powers
of analytical and logical argumentation,
and his extensive political knowledge,
designate him as no ordinary man. Ho
is a sound democrat, an unswerving ad*
1 voente of the institutions of the South,
and a formidable foo upon the stump. In
the progress, and future history of Texas,
it requires no gerat divination to see, that
the name of Colonel L. T. TFigfall will
be prominently inscribed upon the page
tfoat $?rvjres the wreck of nations.
From the Spartan.
| We publish for the information of our (
j readers the copies of two letters from
I Washington, in relation to "incendiary
Sublications." The first fs a reply to ,
iinnKnn KnKn Ren '
j'wva* JL/V/VV) ** UV to 1/ViUliOUI IUI |
Barret, and Post Master at Hurricanc.!
The second is from the Post Master Gen-!
eral, to Maj. Legg, JPost Master at Spar-'
tanburg C. H., concerning his arrest, and
his declining to deliver letters in his possession,
to any but those t?K wbow they
| are directed, or their order.
P. O. DEPARTMENT,
i Appointment Office,
Jfuty 24, 1849.
j Sir?In answer io yours of the 10th,
| you arc informed, that attempts have been
| made in Congress, to pass laws to preI
vent the circulation of what wts termed
"incendiary publications," but no such
law was ever passed. The Postmaster
General is therefore powerless in the matter,
and must leave the whole subject to
the discretion of Postmasters, under the
I niilhnritv r\f tUa
I V? vuv vjwivc uuvcillllieill^.
Very Respectfully yours, ?fcc
FITZ HENRY WARREN,
2nd Asst. P. M. Gen'l.
To SiMrsoN Bobo, Esq.,
P. Mr Hurricane, Spart. dist. S. C.
P. O. DEPARTMENT,
July 30, 1849.
Dear Sir,?Yours of the ljth inst.
informing me of yo.^r imprisonment by
the authority of South Carolina, fbr declining
to deliver a letter, which you held
as Postmaster, to any one but the person
to whom the same ?*
his order, was duly received.
As the matter now 6tands it would
seem to involve a question of law and,
possibly, a conflict of jurisdiction proper
to be settled by tho legal tribunals. It>.
has therefore been referred to the At tornev
General of the United States who
will communicate to you the proper course
to be taken on the subject.
I am Sir, very respectfully,
Your humble servant,
To Geo. W. H. Lego, Esq.,
P. M. Spartanburg C. H.
FROM THE SACRAMENTO.
"Some ton miles from here, on the
North Fork of the Sacramento, laat week,
the Americans and Chilians had a grand
row. which resulted in takinc all cmW
from the Chilians and their expulsion
from the river. They were first warned
to take their provisions and gold, and
leave in a certain time, but did not go; so,
Oregon-like, the Americans came down
on them, and made a "fine day's digging,"
in the language of one who was in tho
affray. No lives lost.
| "On the Stanislaus digging tho foreigners
were the most numerous, and trampled
on the rights of the Americans, and
i there were so few Americans they could
not resist, so t'ne Oregon men from the
I North Fork sent them a deputation of
ouiy ttcu-uiiiicu men iu iiKb in i;unccrt
with about the same number already
there, to drive some 700 to 1,000 Chilians
from their diggings. The result we know
not as yet, but we can find notices on almost
every tree that Chilians found In
the mines after the month of June will
be shot down unless sufficient excuse can
be given for their delay, and you may
rest assured that if the President and Concrress
will not do unvt.hinrr to thn
0 ^ o ? tj -jj" *"*'
citizens in California, there is sufficient
force (though in comparison a handful?
not one to five) to protect themselves
against the aggressions of the armed powers
of Peruvians, Chilians, Portuguese,
iVexicana, Indians, <tc., and they will do
Important Statement.?Gov. A. O.
Brown, who is the Democratic candidate
for re-election in the fourth Congressional
district pf Mississippi, said in his speech
before the convention at Jtfontecello, accepting
the nomination, that "the people
will see at the next pession both Housfis
of Congress pans tho Wilmot proviso, and
will see that document signed by a Southern
President. Such was tho opinion of
leading Whtgs in il/ississippi, witn whom
h6 had conversed, such ho l?pew to
bo the universal opinion at Washington,
and such was the opinion of every Intelligent
man who was well informed on the
Gov. Brown further stated that hej
"had had a personal conversation with |
Gen. Cass since the election, and that i
Gen. Cfcs* then said unequivocally that |
he never would Tiave subscribed tc the
J - _?.! /iL. tVil i T? : 1 iL.i I
| uocinnenox uiu yv umoi jrruvrau, mm i|int
he could not perceive how any many
could believe that he would after having
read the Nicholson letter,"
Oov. Brown slso said that Mjchigan
would most probably instruct b#r Senatore
?o vote for the Wilmot Proviso, and
that before Gen. Cass would carry out
his instructions he would resign his seat
in the Senate.
These are most important statements,
made by one of the most reliable and intelligent
gentlemen in Mississippi?Mobile
[From the Wakulla Times.]
MORE INDIAN OUTRAGES.
The Hon. Mr. Magbeo, from Tarpjpa^
bearer of despatches to Hia Fxcellency
Gov. Moseley, arrived at St. Marks last
night* and brings the following melancholy
Late on Tuesday evening, the lVth
! inst., four Indians made their appearancc
j at the Indian sieve located on Pease
| Creek, kept by a Mr. Payne, They desired
to sleep in :he store. Mr. P. informed
them that it was against the rules
or the place. They then reported having
large packs for trade on the opposite
side of the river, and tried to induce him
a rrn afhir L- ?' 1
I .v gv wvvi iru?iU| nuiuil lie pruilllbcu 10
attend to after 6upper. He, together
with a Mr. Whidden and a Mr. M'Cloven,
went into the house to supper, and had
scarcely taken their seats at the table,
when the Indians fired through the door^
ki.Ujng dead Messrs. Payne and Whiddcd,
and wounding M'Colven in the shoulder.
M'Colven sprung to a gun. \vhich deterred
them long enough for his wife to J
catch up he- child and rush from the
house, he following. The Indians fired
Upon them as they run, wounding him
and her both in the legs. They secreted
themselves in soma palmettoes
A camp in the same neighborhood was
fired on, on the 19th by fuur Indians, and
ft ooy snot. The whole of the east is in
. confusion, the settlers leaving as fast as
There is now not a doubt of this being
a preconcerted movement of the Indians;
and their evident plan is to carry on the
worst of all wars?a guerilla war.
We trust that Gov. jR/oseley may sec
proper to assume the responsibility* and
immediately throw volunteers enough in
the nation to annihilate them at once.
t? : i-j . #?m- ? > ? ?
ib m ic|juncu umi h iamuy was K\\iea
near Fort Dade on Saturday night. This
Gov. Dana, of Maine, and the Legislature.?It
will be remembered that
i Gov. Dana, on the subject of slavery, in
; his inaugural, some months since, adop;
ted the doctrines of Mr. Ca6s. The Legislature
soon after passed a scne? of reso,
lutions instructing their members in GontrresR
to losft nn nnnnrlnnitv nf nincc!n?
c. -ri ??j *? i"
the Provko into any form of government
to be provided for the new territories,
and directing the Governor to sign and
j transmit them to the Governors of the
several States of this Union.
! We learn from the Portland Inquirer,
that on the 17th a message was received
from the Governor, in which he refuses
to sign the resolutions. He says that he
would have been willing to transmit the
resolutions to "the Governors of the several
States of the Union," if they had
been presented to him in tho ordinary
manner; but as they had been sent to him
by the Senate for his approval and signature,
the message from that body was
evidently intended to request him to subscribe
to opinions "diftmetrically opposed
to those he had officially expressed."
The message was ordered to be prjntedi
Thus there is conflict between theso two
branches of the government.
Indiana.?The Democratic candidate
for Governor, (Wright,) gains 177 votes,
in comparison with tfye Taylor vote, in
Bartholomew?loses 21 at nnother poll
not mentioned, and 214 in Tippecanoe.
The Whig osndidate, (Dunn,) for Com
I gress, gains 829 votes over the last Con*
gressional poll in Jefforson county.
[This as far as we can make out?there
l are other items given, but the whole matter
is uninteresting, exoept tending to
Shepard, (Whigs,) elected. Venablp,
Ashe, Daniel, (Dem.) elected. The
contest between Lane and Stanley stilt
Kkntucky.?Returns from one or two
counties mention favorable returns for the
Democratic candidates.? Charleston Courier.
The AtagQ from Hew berry Court House,
to Ctyprabia, on laat Friday mornir^,
whilst endeavoring to croon the creek near
Cbleman's, 18 miles below Newberry,
was qvjert\irned aixf tbe creek being very
high at the time, and th? currcnt running
with great force, stage and horses wer$
washed into deep water, and three of the
horses drowned. A passenger inside
tho couch narrowly cscaped the same
fate?and one on the top, lost his pocket
book, containing $350 in his efforts to
reach the shoro. Tho large mail bag
was also lost, and though it had not been
?-J _4 -J-:
iwocicu uv uu vices, we suppose ore
this H ha? boon found.?Lav,rcnsvUle Herald.
Military Movement.?About forty
men, belonging to Company "F," United
States Troops, under the command of
2nd Lieut. J. M. Robinson, left Sullivan's
Island on Friday last, in the steamer
Nina, Capt. A. Magee, for Scu Augustine,
The Nina arrived at her place of desi
tjnation and returned to this city yesterday.
We learn from a gentleman who
came passenger in her, that a number of
families baa come into St, Augustine,
from the surrounding country, io cpn?cquence
of apprehension of Indian disturbances.
An aid of the Governor pf
Florida hnd rf?nr>Tipd thftf. f - iV?a
purpose of making suitable arrangement*
for the departure of one or two companies
that had volunteered t? go against
the Indians.?Char. Courier.
Bold Theft.?Yesterday afternoon,
while Mr. Ellerhorst, proprietor of a
Grain store in Market-st., was in a back
store, some villian entered the front dpo,r,
r J x r J-I
i ?u\4 hv# <i\ui> iiv* miuner wemy-uve aoii
lars, in bills, leaving some 8 or 10 dollars
! in silver in the drawer. Mr. K. a short
time previously, had written his pnme on
the back of two of the bills, which mny
: lead to the detection of the thief, and
recovery of the money.?Char. Courier.
1 - i
Death rnoM Liohtvjnq.-p-Wo regret
to learn, that Dr. John N. Yo.ung, an esteemed
citizen of our District, had two
valuable negroes killed by lightning, during
a thunder storm on last Monday.?
| One of them was a very likely man, tho
other a gjr\ abc^t ftfteen. When struck,
they, with the rest of Dr. Young's hands,
but a little in advance of the balancc,
. were running the field in which they
vere working, towards an old house in
the adjo\n\ng one, (or purpose of
sheltering themselves from tne rain.?
Vinlf tVlJ? Konn
plished, however, before the lightning
flash overtook them, killing these two
outpght,r-nprostratjng, apd severely stnnnipg
five otners.?Laurensville Iferald.
A Good Example.?The Jl/aine Farmer
says that Levi Holmes, one of the
oldest of the society of Shakers at New
Glcwcpsler, learned the shoemaker's trade
i at the age of sixty-five, and is now an excellent
workman. Another incident in
his life is thus a^uded to He never had
! the privilege of going to school a day in
! his life, ana yet he has stored his mind
with a good amount of learning. <Since
I no c"?m^pnc;a tne more sedentary pccuEation
qf sjiqeraaker, he told uq Jip had
een amuiipy himself with the stydy of
algebra. Haying met with Bailey's algebra,
he had become interested in the
study, and obtained a very respectable
knowledge of its principles. He observed
to us, if eyesight and memory were as
6trong as they were onpe, he wouldn't
fear but that he could become thorough
in the science for which he felt so deep an
interest. Here is another example for
the young. 4fany of you have the best
of opportunities to obtain a thorough
education in this and the kindred sciences,
but you shamefully neglect them, and
are growing ujj in ignorance; throwing
away your inestimable opportunities, and
wasting the golden period of life in idleness,
and pernaps dissipation. But her*
is an old man who was never blessed pa
you are, with such advantages, employing
his leisure moments and exercising
his thoughts upon this useful science.
You ought to blush for your indolence
-1 - -.Lll A - ? xf . _ J
ana inougnuess wasie 01 lime ana opportunitics,
and go and do likewise.
Niomv?Night is beautiful itself, but
still more beautiful in associations. It ia
not linked, as day is, with our cares and
our toils?the business and littleness of
life. The sunshine brings with it action
?we rise in the morning, and our task is
before us; and night comes, and with it
rest. If wo leave sleep, and ask not of
dreams forgetfulness, our waking is in solitude,
and our employment is thought.
Imagination has thrown her glories around
the midnight?the orbs of heaven, the silence,
the shadows arc steeped In poetry.
Even in the heart of a crowded city,
where the moonlight falls but upon pave-,
raent and roof, the heart woukfrM/srftynfsd,
and the mind elevated, amid tne loveliness
of Night's deepest and stilly