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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, September 22, 1849, Image 1

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KEOWEE COURIER
4'""'TO THINK OWN-S8I.I' ?E TKVK, AND 11 Ml.*8T fc'OLLOW, AS THE NIGHT TWi DAY, THOl OAs'sT NOT THEN UK VAbSU TO ANY MAS." ..
I VOL. 1. PTOKKNS COIMt'l' HOUSE, S. C, SATURDAY,SEPTEMBER! 38, !H1!>. ISO. 19
-.^ J 'JLlJLL'L'l _ _ ' 'l?*^ I ! nr.. I ...I. I. ?- 1 -
I TUB
KI:owi:K COI rikk,
ruiXTr.n and rvai.isui.p wkhklv vr
v W. 11. T1UMM1EV
.T. W\ NOUUIS, Jit., ) j .,lt^
irl.'ifinir ' 1-iumrs.
<* xii. nr/iiit, )
One rJollaf nhd Fifty Tents for one yonr%?
fcuh.scr'mtloii when jvu<l within three months
Twn dollars if payment U delayed to the close
<>f the subscription year.
All jAfbscputioiu nut cleorlv limited, w ill bo
- i <
vuu^ucivu ?1T? imiuu iur an lnuciuilio mw\ mm
continued (ill a dWontWuancy is ordered and
.n'l arrearages paid.
vAdwrlinimcnta inserted al *75 rents per
*qnnrcft?- Ac fiTrftinwrtioo, and 37 1-2 etc. l'ur
acli continued insertion. Liberal deductions
inadc to those kdv^rtismg by tbo Year.
All (Virtnlnnioations should be addre.-s<cct
to th? lViblirficr paid
Vnn Titr TT?/.iwim
.?*? i^bv irna WI-IUJ-H.
fl LEANINGS FROM THE UNWRITTEN
"""HISTORY OE PICKENS DISTRICT.
AH (lint nniiirm of ?!? rtioi"f
J ? w. ?iiv? A/IOHJV.I; i/1
Pickens below a line drawn diree'ly from
Tngalo river to the Saluda, and crossing
llic Iveowce nt its junction with Little
liver, was once, a part of Abbeville!?
This state of things, however, continued
but a yenr, or two at ihc extreme. The
line was extended Northward as far as
the Oconee Station, and the whole region
of country from that down to the present
AbbieVfuc imo, became Pendlotoj) District.
With tl)c history of the subsequent
extension of the boundnry to
iKorlh C'arolinp; uiul the division of lVn.
<ll<itou inip Anderson and Pickens, ftr judicial
purposes, most people .in the upper
pa it of /South Carolina arc entirely familiar
The first permanent settlement of territory,
now compiled within the limits of
mens District, was made fthnttf <lw>
, ,u> : 7
year r<$l - many of the
ing from Nortli ('arolina, and among
llicm was Colonel iienjamin Ulovehind,
who had commanded a regiment of Milifin
at Hie UiUh. of Kind's ilTonritairt xvith
. v
gfeat will hi id bravery, and wlioiiW
1)is place of abode, on JFuga'lo nver, near
Ihe point wlwrc theChiuiga flows into it.
The reader Svill perceive that our narrative
is how confined exclusively to the
Tugalo settlement;?and lie is assured
that this is a faithful record of the statement
given by one of the earliest settlers
in a recent conversation. The first white
inhabitant* on the Tugalo had for their
immediate neighbor the Cherokee Indians,
-with which tribe they were over 011
terms of friendship. The CYcck Indians
lived at ?>nie distance, and. as a nation,
were at pence with the whites until the
wnr of IA17 Jli?i " 1 J ~t
..... ?uv uiaiuuutilg UUllUb Ul
their young warriors kept the jxilc-facat
in a btate of constant alarm for several
years after their establishment in the
country. These vagabonds seemed to
have been actuated solely by ;>n unhallowed
thirst for Wood and plunder; nnd
they committed their depredations, in almost
every instance, with perfect impunity:
for they invariably fled to Florida,
xvhero they urero protected and encour
;igcd by the Spaniards. (Henec the
^ood policy of that treaty, hy which the
vihole of Florida was eeded to the United
jh . t States in 1B19, under the Administration
of President jVoaroe,) The frequent
robberies and healthy attacks of the savages
gave vise to several exploits of a
very roiuantie ao/1 heroic character. An
account of some of On most interesting
of those Incidents connected with the
<mrfVhistoryof the Tiigalo settlement,
vc shuH ftoxv proceed ty.^ivc without
any of the ibloiings or embellishment*,
vrMch the .flnngmation might '.tuggesti
For*th? protectioh bf the inhab?wmts
}$gt&n?s the Imstile inourslons of T?diiui^
x strong h!ofek-Wtse %o<i lnrilt near Tnnv?r>
Carolina sid-o, and about
0 miles aoflNc the condnuHce of that
iffid U?e Cl*iii|grt/ *JTl)fs stronghold
was galled the "Tugalo Station,'1
jmd in it tKo hi'fplc'ffc wwnvn ftnA children,
nS well ntf tlve agetj VjiWrhf^^rmulsirea,
found SflfetV ?'k! corupt^rative. uui?-t
Thu ?siljf nertyw nttcmpi at Wvfn'Vtjjo
"7*iiga1o Station/* thai tltc Tfvdianu oi oii
made. *vns; coiiij'k'tety lulled !tv (hjcuol
I <larin|j of two men! The nnnien of these
brave men were "William Ward and Kinncth
Findloy, On that occasion all the
other militia-men hau imprudently left
the Station and gone down the river |
j some tlistawcc to a \f'rolick.' After sunj
sot, Kinncth Findley started tp hobble his
, his horse on a Huh'.streamlet that flowed
j hard-by, nnd upon which there some fine
j pasturing grounds ??on reaching tho
summit of an inconsiderable ridge between
the block-house and the place
where he wished his horse to graze, he
, discovered about forty Indians, "in grim
j array," stealing up the slope. Hastening
} back to the block-house to gel help and :
j hi> i ille, he and Ward sallied forth and ,
went boldly up to the top of the hill, j
and fir<?d on the Indians, killing and 1
wounding another. The enemy returned i
iv..< ? ?
.MV, Uiib 111U1VUV I'ilVUl. 1I1C l\VO lll!?OOS :
retreated to their place of refuge, barred >
the gates and stood sentry during the
j >\hole night. In the meantime, the In- j
! dians, knowing that their designs ngaints
! the Station were discovered, and not:
i v.. 1 '
iwnr ving now many men wo it) left at the
block-house, turned their faces towards
the impenetrable wilds of Florida, and j
retreated with, perhaps, much greater ;
speed than they approached. Next day
the whites followed their troublesome i
foes and overtook them just at dark, at a I
thick swamp, when; some blight skirmish
ing look place, one man being killed.? |
The men bivouacked on tho ground, in-,
tending to renew the fight in tho morning,
but the enemy decamping in the .
night, it was not thought prudent to make ;
any further pursuit.
The expedition of Robert Walton dc- >
COI'i'nh rv .1 .* 1*
I .w a jnucc ill IMS S'.iClCl). It tocnis j
' that the Indians Jmd stolen four or li\e .
I valuable lidVhqs, and tcUmt with tlicni in ^
1 nil lJ?o iip-sle oi* conscious tvickcducss lo
j their hiding places in l loi idn. Walton ,
! owl throe or four others, who had been
losers h}' the robbery, plunged into the
then trackless for and pursued them for |'
five or six days. When at length, the (;
Indians were overtaken, j ust at night-fall,
' they were revelling and dancing in high
1 glee, at oiie of the large villages of their i
I IVUM ...... I
ftiw! *? inicb muj' WCIV U.MUllllg OVCr
the apparent buccoss of their littc preda- \
lory excuraion, (as doubtless they were,)
the whiles crcpt up to the pens, in which 1
the horses were confined, and cook tff the i
|
bolls that were on their own steeds and '
1 put them on the "Injun ponies," thereby ;
' keeping the robber Creeks in complete .
ignorance of their visit until the next
; morniuir. When Walton nnd lii* ns?H.v
w - ?- I J I
! had got all tilings in readiness for return- I
ing with their horses, some one proposed
j firing into the villtige, but a majority
thinking it altogether impolitic, th y departed
without molesting the jolly dan- \
ccr?. The whites reached home in safe- |
ty with their property, Without being fo!- 1
! loi^pd by their wily foeroen. They were j
afterwards told by some friendly Chcro- j
Itees, tliat when the Creeks flaw next
morning what had been done, they were
so much terrified that the village,'waa immediately
deserted by the entire clan!
# The fate of Jesse Grier seemed a? hard
awtSiat of any other many whom the say- j
ages murdered during the whol^of those 1
a a i i ?
uoiiujous uays. lie liaU come from
North Carolina to see some of his rein- j
lions, and of course purposed staying but ^
ft slwrt time. In company with Major
'Walton, Captain Hamilton, and koiuc,
otixsrs, he out one morning to u*t
the "Tvgalo ?Uti<jn,".?on the way one j
ef tlife men said, he (hour/hi he saw an In- j
dian slip round the. corner of a iohnnrn- I
Hoax, wlwiicupoii the wliolc parly pj- !
Uiwged tb^i' Jf# settje- :
m??t to get a reinforcement. On return- |
ing to live tobacco-hot utt, th*y fniJod to j
ii\vr any f i'nis -jf Jmlian* #ha{4v?r, |
j ancf eonSequfttiffy iod* <rt llien uiilwot'
Ute apprehension of danger, fyufDcpmte'
caiv^s, SWwu H*y IkhI p.:!.;lwd j
&cuttfbK<ak, aiwig |he atrial rta of tvlueh
OveftottvwHV' !* < , ilv? I?<S'ta?w fi-Wl ou
tlvni in such cjoso juoximjty, thi}t tlfc.'
Hash of the rifles actunlly burnt them,
like a torch passing closc to their faccs?
to use the innguotgo of one of the party.
Hut sttnnge to s.1", not a single shot
Um>H effect. Though several of the wen
were mrown trom men- horses, and some
of the savages, who hud reserved their
lire, sprang into the path mid discharged
their guns. Afajor Walton was mortally
wounded, and would have fal)<:n from his
hovsc, had ho not been caught and sustained
hy the bravo Captain Hamilton,
"I "VJV.1U mutual* KJl Hiu
scalping-knife, ore fainting and complete
exhaustion from the loss of blood hud
deprived him of all powers to retain his
scat in the saddle. Jesse Orier had been
precipitated from his horse at the first lire
of the Indians, and attempted to escape*
t -I LI 1 -V . %
uu: iuv uiuou-uursiy nenussoon ovcriooK
him, and did tU<3 v>"Olk of death with their
knives. He was found next d:4V ttcar the
catiebreak, scalped and mangled in the
most inhuman manner. The Indians,
as in most instances, escaped with impu- (
nity.
The massacre of George Blair's family
was, perhaps, one of the most blood}' I
tragedies of pioneer life. This man had, '
with great temerity, ivfused to cany his
wife and children to the block-house.?
One. night while he and his family, and
a young man from the neighborhood
were sitting round a cheerful fire, several
guns were suddenly thrust through the
chinks of the cabin;?but he, supposing
it to be some of the men from ihr SUnlinn
trying to frighten him ami make him fly
to the place of refuge, sprang to his feet
ami commenced cursing them, saying that
they couldn't scarc him. llis curses
>vero answered bv a volley of rifle balls,
which killed every one in the house but
himselg The wretched mall escaped
with his life under cover of the night.?
II'. . tl* l ' i * "
i m no, ms l>udcs and ms young neighbor
wore sealpcd and left weltering in
their blood. And although no human
executioner ever perfonned the righteous
net of inflicting condign punishment on
their murders, yet .vc uro warranted in
the belief, that, conscicnco erects a living
lie?! even in the bosom of the red man,
who wantonly violates the natural laws of
the Great *?pir^
KAPPA, j.
? ?V ifcUHUI 1 VIj?J) IJ . \./ .
[From the Spartan.]
The Committee who were instructed
to proparc an niftress to the people of
the District beg leave to submit the fol- \
lowing through their Chairman:
TO TIII5 PEOPLE OF SPARTANBURG
DISTRICT.
l'i:n.pw Civizlkb:
Being appointed a Committee of Vigilance
and (Safety for Spartanburg Dis
tnct, wc deem it our duty to lay before ;
you the onuses which made it necessary
to constitute such a committee, and the
cour We shall pursue to enrr}' out the |
ohjcoiH for which wc are appointed,
You will all remember, that a few i
years since,"a set of fanatics at the North,
contemptible in number, with no political
power, commenced a crusade against our
lights and institutions, under the name
of alwlitionists. For a long time the South
took no notice of it, and the Northern
people treated them ?us disturbers of the '
public peace; but a material change has
occurred in their prospects in a few years
?-by assuming a variety of shapes, adopting
different names, mid uniting with one
political rnrty after another, thev bav?
withered itreijftH and power to be heard
in Congress?;,hcy ore like the fabled ass
in the lion's hide, covering a portion of
the animal, yet leaving exposed home of
the distinctive features by which it is well
known. Front a small rill tliey have increased
t? a mighty torrent, threatening
to sweep before them all the. barxlertof
the Constitution; take fi-om U3 our ri^hfs
and liberties, and tlegiyidc us to a tocial
and political equality with our slaves.
It is unnecessary to recapitulate all the
movements of the"fin;Uicai lwrde, It is
xulficient to state, that after attempting
toAboliuli slavcri' in the lJisfrint. /?? ('a.
$y^jtfO<ifasjrvg to dclivcjiritf mif fugi*
li\?' slivos, murdering Mir ctfl/^ns when
endeavoring to peeovcr their property
and cndjaVorfh^io etovlt i\* dtit of our
iiifhtt, jit th? /fWritory of TS'^w' Mexico
mu' v?ani<wju?, wy
iirour')illMr li'gAfts rttfd MJfc, th inbifg.ite
outlives to r'cvoH, ntttl rlbsemiri
nte their incendiary writings For the pur-1
pose of inl aying Gno ]/orI ion of our people
agomst another, knowing that as long ;
as wo arc a United people their hclluh
schemes will be frustrated.
Undfcr tMs Mrtt? of things, thn Com- j
mittce h;?s Wen organised; mid It has al? ;
ways been the case among civilized nations,
when any radical change of their
institutions or form of government is at* J
tempted, to organize such Committees as
this, (no matter by what name they <uv
called,) whose jmlcrs rose superior to the
Law, and whose duty it was to philcct!
pcuccable citizens in their rights and
property and their persons from violence <
in any form and from any quarter.
In carrying out these views of what
we conceive to be oov duty, our object
will be to prevent by all means in our
power the spread of these abolition !
writings among our peoplo, if harsh i
means be necessary, "we will not hesitate i
to use them," *?n 1 any incendiary hereafter
caught, nifty expect rough treatment
?by this Committee.
Wo also expect to introiluco some plun,
w'h^hy slaves will bo ke|)t in proper '
subjection?prrvettting, 6o far as in our j
nAM'.n* \i<w im'lni/ nr ?o!lllUf of smrif
i h* ' *"s "" ? " riT", I
uous liquors to them; and cxercising i^?.T ^
kind of surveilnnee over litem which j
vre think essential to keep them in pro- '
per submit ;on and under reasonable discipline.
We. will uf-e nil vigilance in detecting
n d puuitihin^'nll persons interfering with !
or corrupting our slaves, or in any way !
attempting to interfere or endanger the !
relations which now exist between mas- |
icr and skive. Ouv intentions are to protect
the cituons of this District and of
the State from all iuterlercnce ii.li their
rights and institutions.
In carrying out our y'cwf of the duties
imposed on us, we n ay in some in- I
stances have to rise ubove the Law, hut
where the Law will apply the remedy,
we will resort to legal proceedings, "and |
exeici-e that /xiund discretion" which ,
is accessary under our peculiar circumstances.
Tn r/iH'aiiu'f Aui I'ifln'p *"?
VM*?^ vuv uuy I IVQ) 9 U1 LilU UUUI* 1
mittcc, we need .tho co-operation nnd i
support of the' citizen* Kflfternlly, and
hope that all persons will ico! called \ipon
to give all the information i their power
to aid the Committee in their opera- j
tiohs.
W. C. Bekneit, Chairmain.
rp^.? ?ha ? -l
I a vi*? <iiv Mvuiii vaiuiiiiiau. j
AN INDEPENDENT PRESIDENT.
The Washington Republic makes General
Xflvlor the very soul of independence.
It iffity w known to our readers that there
was an act of Congress, approved on
the 21th r.f May, 1.8'28, relative to reciprocal
advantages between this and other
governments. The first section of this
act provides that "upon satisfactory cvidonee
being given to the President of the
United ?Vtates by the government of any
foreign nation, that no discriminating duties
of tonnage or impost are imjiosed or
levied in tin*. ports of the said nation upon
vessels wholly L'Clong to citizens of the
Unite -3 States, or upon the produce, manufactures,
or merchandise imported in
tlio same from the United .Vtates, or
from any foreign county, the President
is hereby authorised to issue his proclamation,
declaring that the foreign discriminating
dutes of tonnage and impost
within the United States are, and shall
be, suspended and discontinued, so far as
respects the vessels of the tuid foreign
nation, and the produce, manufactures,
or merchandise imported into the United
States in the same, from the said foreign
nation, or from any other country. tUe
said mis} ins ion to take effect from the time
of such, notification being yiucn to the
Prtsident of (}ue United ? fates, and to
continuA so Ion// as the reciprocal exemption
of vessels belonging to citterns of the
United States, and (heir ear goes, as
o/oj$&ii(t, si'ill ' c continued, and no j
longer.''
it might n J so to be known to many <J ,
onr wiid^ri that liu^Saiwi haa imposed
rigid restrictions upon eammerc-e Cor many
year* by Iwr navigation laws, Tbt-\>*
juivguctad to a large extent in m ilcin;;
England ''mistress of ilvs and rtl
most eonfinf d live comhtfree tin? British
Empire to British v?^'ls. Ou the
'<2<JtU Jtuv labt/the, British ruriiu;nt^.
an not lii^v'dljny tliese' reatucUya
JaWs, with'the ?xm>tJoh of tlie donating
trade of the kingdom-*-th?s ojvmmft ??j>
the tr/t'Io of tlv British pos;?Bt:ons jn the j
whole world to tlve OvwijmjUUou vf aur I
morulutuU mid uu\ igatort?, without any
restriction whatever, ftoy^afff ttinn of
common .txtvp will think thru our enter-1
^d#fWcrcii? aicS v/il!tind.on jMfcftImufcUbte
H*j|d?ln the opciing up oi' tlws
vast trade, and that of course th?y uill
sciio tho ;ulv;uitugc to ojend t\x? area of
their ni'?ratuno connucrciil cntWorf1 est.
???
Hut not so fast; these law*, very properly,
are reciprocal. The British atatesr
men only extend the privileges to those
nations who huvo ako thrown oflf the
tihackles of commerce. Well, uccording
iv mu uc,l .m awe jptuviMoii we publish
above, it is vcry evident our discrinjjLiuiUng
tonnage duties v.eijc. repealed by the
net of the Hritish Parliament?the repeal
to take elVect so soon us that Government
notified this of the change* ttut tho
Cabinet of General Taylor say not so.?
The llepublie, their on/an, duonurrft that
General Taylor will not issue his proelw
mation becau^c lie is merely attthorLsr-'
to do it by mj act "passed twenty yc,V.>
ago." The Republic seems to think tlni
age has invalidated the net, and rendered
it obsolete; ;md soberly says the Vrr-ai'
dent is "neither bound nor required to
take any step in the premises." Now,
we will tell our readers the secret of thi i
opposition. The last Adnwuistnition wa*
activo and instrumental In obtaining tbo
repeal ,o,f the rostrictive laws of Great
juruaui?ana tiio measure is of course u
pronuueut adjunct of tlic Free Trade
policy. Itcrein lios all the hostility of
the Cabinet?for JY?.<?no WJ imaging'Htiji
Gen. Taylor knows yr ennjs ru^y Iniqg
about it?to this and other kindred w,e<feCvi
es. If it be ? >* clearly the duty of
President to ksuc his prodm*?..' 1 iuv*
plied in the "authority" given liim to do
so, then the bestowal of tlie authority
was superfluous. It would inake hi*
icill supreme on this important subject.
The fiamcrs of the above a#T jictcr
dreamed that any administration mxdd be
so insane as to hesitate to seize such i?npovtant
advantages.
TUB McunpoEu-JoEy?Ttjue hli\c
who is now in JaU ?ui ihcmuider of Jerse
Wcatherford, says, that Ins owner, b?.
fore he was sold <?yt of Jail at thi> plac?;
come years ago, was a &tr. Cevimis Whittnmoru,
a soap factor, and Tallow Chun.11-.
^ ~
uier, iu ine corncr ot St. Philips and Ksit cli^jo
?S'tteets, Charleston, 80, Co.. llo
says \ hat his true name is Georpe,
About six or seven years ago he u ;in
lodged as a runaway in ,the jiiilot'thii
District?stating tiiat hjjpfcimc wa8 Ji?,
and that he belonged to* Col. Patterson
on Mackey's Island, 8. C. He j>crbistcd
in f ltic cfofAmnnl 4 *???! ? ? ? A*
... >,?? 1UI lliuitll IllUllllia, U1U
severely whipped to extract, the tiutli as
to his^rcal owner.
After twelve months imprisonment
was sold as the law directs, and purchased
by Mrs, Li I a lock of cur village, in
whose possession he has Mince removed.
He now frankly admits that his former
master was a kind and indulgent man.
On Monday last he was tried and condemned
to be hanged on Friday the '2let
inst.?Edgefield Advertiser.
Gen. Taiilar and. thfi TrtriA'?rion T?v
- ? - U-- 7 - ~ -j/ -y?- *?v
lor, while at Pittsburg, was waited on lna
deputation of manufacturers, who addressed
him on the subject of the TarUT.
The President replied that the subject
of the tariff had engaged hie earliest attention,
and that lie wan thankful to receive
nil information bearing U|x>? that
important matter. The ^lecrctarv of the
Treasury hud been engaged in coJl<Miting
information, and the Executive w o?td bo
prepared to recommend to Congress such
improve,ncn (s in the present ty&tmn at
trould cncouragc all the great interests of
the country and at the same time instirn
stability. He believed there tcere err tain
articles which required protection ; but a*
this government was iu the first iitftr.iv.v
organized by mutual concetti B and
compromises, he tiubt^d the wu?3 r-pnit,
would yet prevail, and that the pfi.iplo of
tho country would be willing lo cteofc each
other hidf'way in ell measures of the gen
oral welfare. Stability in the tn?Uf wfi:?
wha* was required, mid that could iiev? e
he eflwtfcd by ru#niug a<>y interest, Tl.^
Executive would be prepared to co-opor
ate, eordiidly in any amelioration of tikt*
piu.-iCju sjiticni,
l'':rt?t Oak oh tii# c?m.ctf?ia *kp
gf.kenvm i.k Hail Ro!id,~W<S5 were highly
gratified <m Tuesday evening, ?i seiJ'a.
<*ar on the 0rtMnHtte Kail Road. The
persevering and industrial** CoritMfetor*
Wve lioninieneed lavimr d?ua i\vi Iron at
t1ie: jnrwtiun of thu H, C. If, It , and tlu>
enr in question, i.-i used for the purpose t>T
.?wn*yiog the necftsawiry materials a* thtjy
progress. 'tliroe ?heer* a^d * *(lod
{5j<we(i" to ftrccnvillo J&m Road car,
^I'cmpnrancc Ad?Q<tyfe>
Eh ?o fW iqna* in -UK* ^u> mm *>*
of- Oiviuz*.Ti?Wi^-Mti, Booficld
I of New London, in Vis Ictie.'from tMMforwn,
IW) U?H '.vo ?W?ttfrom camp
' fW dny.fj And though Ivo, tat*st<fod to go
where 110 one h?w3 ?w*ss94toi#* before,-ytt
nil nlomij ho fount! thutVs of etvttwatjon,
I such of fftm'
dv'bo'.tkJtf, 1

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