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"?to think own self bi: truk', and it must follow, as tub night the day, thou can'st NOT THEN BR FAL8K TO ANY MAN." ' ^
VOL. 1. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. O., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1849. NO 28 .-,pr
ii - .rn^.TrrrTtTrMi.? i -."T>;riii -si ? ? -
KIROWEE COURIER, 1
rrtlNTKD AND PUOt.lSMUD WKKKf.Y UY
W. IT. TIUMMCKR.
J. W. NOUIUS, JK., I
E. M. KEITH, ) Editors.
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Two dollars if payment is delayed to tho cl?-o
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continued till n discontinuance is ordered and
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Advertisement & inserted at 7~> cents per
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r TI.'ADXTr A riAMiruvrrnr/WT
uiiuii'v/Lvnuv wnynniiun' j
The following is an abstract of the pro
ccedings of the convention assembled in
California to forma State Constitution.
The Convention had Won three weeks in
'The hill of rich's, as adopted in committee
of the whole, embraced twenty sec
tions, of the usual character of such previsions.
The only point upon which it
was supposed a controversy would ame
?the question of slaver)'- -passed without
debate, and unanimously, utterly prohibiting
slavery. Sokic few wore in fa
vor of submitting tbc matter to the people
for n separate vote; but it was not
contended for with any show of strennosity,
and was voted down al nost unanimously.
'Tnc suffrage question was ti e source
of considerable debate; but was finally
disposed of by admitting all male cit izens
of the United States, six months resident
in California, and twenty-one years of
i\(ff* ^ftulliinc A ?%w 1 <lw? I
't iiiiivtuio, <?u\* inv;
dants of excepted) to ihe privileges of
'The Legislature is to consist of two
branches?an assembly an<l a senate:
with such general powers, piivilegr-s and
duties as arc usually given to such bod
ie*. Hanking corporations and lotteries
are prohibited; and all other corporations,
except for municipal purposes, are to be
established under general laws, the stock
holders to be individually liable for all
debts. 'Sffimo considerable debate occur
red upon a provision which allows
corporations to be formed for receiving
depdsfcs of gold and silver. It wps urged
that mure* such a provision, an irresponsible
system of banking might grow up;
but the section was finally so amended as
to answer all objections, and in tint shape
'The members nf thn
be elected annually, and the members of
the Senate are to hold their offices for
two year. One half of the Sonate is to
be elected each year. No person cun be
a member of the Legislature who has not
been a resident of tho State one year in
addition toother qualifications.
'The number of members of assembly
is n'cVer to be less than twenty four nor
more than thirty-six, until the number of
iiuiiioiuiuis oi uus estate shall amount to j
0:1c hundred thousand, and after thatpo- |
vind at su",h ratio that the whole number 1
of members of assembly shall never be ;
less than thirty nor more than eighty.
Tlic senate is never to consist of less
than one third nor more than one half
of the number of the assembly.
'Some division of opinion nroso on ft
proposition made by Mr. J/oCarverto
prevent freo persons of color from settling
California. and also to prevent:
slaveholders from bringing slaves into the |
jVtnte for the purpose of liberating them.
It finally passed into committee of the
whole; but it has boon looked upon since
?i~:? ? ? *
ji;vpi?rui%uig mo nuiucauon 01 tlie
Constitution by Congress, and as this
feeling was gaining ground, tho house
probably will strke it out.
A ftovornor, lieutenant governor, sec,re
taryofntate, oomptroller, treasurer, attorney
general, constitute tbo executive department.
They aro nil to hold their
nAlnrto rAM fill- ' - *
BBIWo ?v/r uvu yi;?r8. J no governor Anil
lieutenant arc to be elected by general
ballot;, the secretary of state is to b? appointed
by the governor, by and with tho
ndvico and consent of the. senate; tho
comptroller, and three other state officers, |
are to bo elected by the Legislature in
joint ballot for the iimt term, nod afterward*
by tho people at the tfenoral state
eloctiou. An eflort was made in the com
!1a . . / .1 1 * ? - *? - '
miiu'c oi mo wnoio u? s>.hkc out the
ofllco ot tliu vwttplroUor, hut it fajled?
It will, however, bQj\gwv mewed in the
houRC, ?i>4 ftrt tlic office i.s kvJjolly unneor
cwwiy. wo trust tho motion will bo tmcr ,
fc KAOCCMI fU.ff/IVll'KA" '-?? 'l.A """
#<?sv P'/IVIIIVH 11(19 UIU II.M1UI Jiim '
crs, including tho veto, and tho privileges j
and duties ot his oflice do iiot <v.i?y ina
terially from those of till other states of
the Union. 7h ; other state officers cos respond
in duties and powers with those
generally ascribed them.
'The articlo relative to the militia, as
passed in committee oi the whole, is substantially
such as is found in other state
constitutions, as is that also relative to
'The boundary, judicial Mid educational
questions were not decided upon at
last advices, but it was supposed the con
vention would adjourn in all the first week
KU LITIIERINTELLIGENCE 13V THE )
CAM Bl It A.
Knglawl.?Abbot Lawrence, the Ametican
Minister, lms had an audience
wi'h the Queen, and delivered his credentials.
The European Times says that the
fears of a general war growing out of the
Turkish and Russian question have subsided.
The Czar on learning the attitude
taken by France and Enc:''' * ' on this
question, immediately lowc I ' is tone.
Lord Palmcrston introduced (o her
Majesty Sir Henry Bulwer, who took
leave preparatory to departing on his mission
to the U. Statos.
Ireland.?Nothing of additional interest
from this country, which still remains
in a distracted and unhappy state.
franco.?In the French National Assembly,
on the discussion of Roman
affairp, M. Pentelan gave De Tocqueville
the ho, which causcu great commotion
and confusion in tho Assembly at the
time. The matter was subsequently adjusted.
jThe Moniteur and Republic
have been seized for publishing letters
from Louis and other refugees in London.
The Cholera at Paris has entirely
Tlu* Emperor of Austria lias refused to
permit (lie remains of the Duke of Reichstadt
lo he brought to Paris to be interred
alongside of his fathor.
, 'V'ivi.1 ?/i p<iooports
is fully shown by the following incident.
The police agents on the frontiers
slopped the now American Ambnssador
to Madrid from entering Spain, because
his passports were not signed at
Tin-key.?Loiters from Malta state
that there is no doubt but the English
fleet have left the Adriatic for the Dardanelles.
The Austrian fleet is also un- !
der sail for the same place. A Turkish
fleet of 20 vessels is anchored only four i
hours sail from I he mouth of the Bospho:
rus. The Turkish fleet across the Bosphorus
nt the narrowest point, to defend
its raiesniw A Invnn Q r\r\r\ ? ?
r-..?~~wv . in tHMIU O.VUV IIIUI1
ami 000 guns is under way for the Dardanelles.
Italy,?Several young men have b?cn
arrested in ltomc for singing the Marseilles
hymn. It is said that Venire is
not Sfoing to be a free port, and that Verona
is henceforth to bo the capital of the
kingdom. Two America n frigates, the
Independence, 6'apt. Blake, are in port.,
under Com. Morgan.
Iftinftajry.~?'V\\Q Emperor has granted
to the officers of Pcterwarden garrison
who surrendered unconditionally, the
.same privileges which were awarded to
1 the officers of the Comorn garrison. A
council hasarrivrd at /Jesth from Vienna
to st/-.p the butcheries in that city.
Gen. Haynau has resigned his post in
consequence of the Kmperor ordering
| Count Bithianv to be shot when Hayrtau
had directed him to be living. One hundred
and sixty IIuDgal ian oflicers are to
sail from Bremen fur . N?nv Orlcnn"?
among them General Klnr/ka.
Strain:?The Xarvaez M nistry, which
had he mi dismissed and reconstituted.
: has been again dismissed. country
; still continues in a general btatc of commotion.
r t fnt.Mi nriA n i .
i/Aiiva riVUiW HA VAIN A.
| Tho steamship Isabel, Ciipt. Rollins,
arrived yesterday foronoon from Havana,
with dates to the 8th inst.
T\\c Isabel readied Havana 011 the 4 th
at 0 a. m. sailed on the 8 th at 4 p. m. arrived
atKcoy West at 1 K, m. noxt morning
and left ?t 8 a, m
Her Rrilannic Majesty's ship of war
Trjucomal^c. anived at Havana about the
:iOtix ult. and was to suil on the Oth inat.
Madame Augusta and troupe wcro to
commeqcc an eugngement at the Taoon
^h^re.pp tho 10th iilat, The operu
had c'4mmcnr(ed lo a l/nwiuiiisoaaon
and was crowded iughtly.
r|io ^omninudQr/.f tho Jtound
Expedition, (Jo), White, arrived at Havana
"po t?j|Q*4lh in thp ^t^njuship Ohio,
but \ya<s not permitted to gv/ou as
the authorities placc<t J)?m iyulev the survoillnnp'fe
ot two soldiers on hnapil l*h,t ?
Mercury, 1 ?.ln n>s', 1 I
TE72RIBLE STEAMBOAT ACCIDENT.
ovn hundred and sixty lives i.ost.
From a telegraphic despatch received
at a I ito hour last opening, we learn
the following painful particulars of a terrible
catastrophe. The despatch is dated
Oileans, Nov. iGth, p. m.?A
terrible steamboat explosion took place
last evening, on board the steamer 'Louis
iana,' bound to St. Louis.
When about starting her boiler burst;
shattering tho steamers Storm and HosIonia,
which'were alongside, and killing
many of their pnssengois, as well usher
yhe Louisiana had a large number of
passengers on board, as well as the Storm,
which last had just arrived.
Sixty dead bodies ha "> already been
discovered, and it is estimated that no
le s than one hundred .nd sixty perished
by the explosion.
The Levee, after the accident, was
strewed with dead bodies, and mangled
fragments of legs and arms, presenting a
most affecting spectacle.
The precise number of lives lost has j
not been yctnsccrtuincd.?Telegraph.
New Mexico---Interesting Discovery.--Lieutenant
J. H. Simpson, of the Corps
of Typographical Engineers, hns addressed
a letter to Colonel J. J. Abert, giving
ari account of his expedition from S in
ta Fc with Colonel Washington lo the
Navajocountry. lie describes nseries
of ruins in the canon of Chncco, which,
doubtless, from their locality, appearance
and numbers, are the veritable remains of I
the Aztecs of the 12th century; the locality
of which, on the authority of some
of the maps, Humboldt has ascribed to '
the vicinage of the very spot where they
were found. The Indians of the present I
day know nothing of them except that,
according to tradition' they were once inhabited
by a people which came from
tlie North; that Montezuma was the Governor
of this people; and that after living
here for a period they dispersed?some
I eastwnrdly towards the Rio Grande, and
others southwardly towards the city of
Each pueblo is a single structure, cov
oring in some instances ns much as two
acres in extent; discovering in places, by
the still standing walls, four stories in
height, and contained as many as three
and four hundred rooms. The main walls
plain surfaces throughout their whole
I extent, are very nearly three feet thick
J at the base, and retjeat on the inside by
a series of small jogs from bottom to top,
: thus lesaeninfr th? t.l.ip.knn.'is nr?i]ii?llir
from the bottom upwards.
Another object of interest discovered
was >i rock, of magnificent proportions and
of fair surface, upon which wore found
: inscribed, in some instances, in beautiful
' and deeply graven characters, the names
of a number of persons of rank and disi
tinction, in connection with the dates of
their passing by the locality, and some
| other incidental allusion to occupation and
; history. One of theso dates reaches buck
j as 1000, and there are a number of others
of this and the preceding centuiy.
The most important discovery mado by
expedition, however, was the discovery
of a middle route between the southern
i detaur made by Colonel Cooke, from
Santa Fo, find the northern one, culled
the Spanish trrtil route, which will shorten
the distance to Sun Francisco three to
four hundred miles, if not more.
Singular and Mysterious.?The Lake
Providenco (La) Republican of the 23d
instant, relates the following singuhr cirsUmce;
Some time ago, when the cholera was
raging to such an alarming extent in our
Parish, a gentleman residing n short distance
from Providence, determined to remove
his wife to a more secure locality,
and accordingly sent her to New Oilcans.
The husband soon reecived the fatal news
that the tender partner of his bosom had
KiTTCTm n vtuiim 10 llio (ireiUlllH pCSUiCllCe
in the city of JVaw Orleans.
Months, hdwover, rolled by, and time,
the great physician, assuaged the first
violence of his grief into a pensive and
melancholy remembrance of his departed
saints Soon ho formed the acquaintance
of another lady who attracted ids respect
bvherm/inv fine oualities. and nt last
wokc'to life his sluggish and brokeu heart
hy her qliint and modest, preference for
Mffh.' Sufllc'e it to huy that about four
wofiM since they were mnrritd, and the
clouds of sorrow lied from their connuhinl
bowet's. '_ f
AImnt.h tvrn.lt Jl?r firct. vi/ifr* nn.
fteared rtnri threw herself into thoMi'ms of
icr fi<t$frnnd, to the great alshiay of the
We have heard may explanations given
of reasons of her long > b;onec, and
many conjectures as to tho ccurso.the
'parties will now take. We cannot at pre
sent stnte them, as tho matter may he investigated
in the Courts of Justice.
The Seraglio i; no longer inaccessible
to strangers, and by aid of a firman, purchased
at a high price from the trovern- I
ment, 1 have visited, with a small party
of French and English, this far-famed palace.
Crossing the Golden Horn from
11lie Suburb Tcfphane, we landed at the
I Gardner's gate, one of the twenty-eighth I
entrances of A'tamboul, and a few minutes'
walk brought us to the Sublime
Porte, the spacious unornamented arch- j
way from which 'he Ottoman Empire |
first derived its name. Escorted by a
couple of very consequential State constables,
we passed through intfc the outer
court of the Seraglio, a large plain Jarea
surrounded by buildings formerly used
as* infirmaries for the sick and as lodges
for the menials of the palace. From this
we proceeded to the inner court, which
was laid out in vordant grass plots and
intersected with paved footways. Around
were arcades leading into various
oflices and kitchens, and at the extremity
was the justice hall, where the Grand
l)i\ in formerly held its sittings. Enlor!
ing a narrow vestibule, the gentlemen of
the p irty were made to exchange their
boots for slippers, .and a\o were ushered
into that confused mass of building so
ivuij- liic i usiuuuuc ui uie uuoman sultans.
Wo were conducted through all the audience
hulls and saloons of the palace, and
the baths and private apartments of the
Harem. Though many of the rooms
were rich enough in appearance, they
presented little of that extraordinary
splendor with which travellers have been
accustomed to invest the unknown interior
of the Seraglio. The walls and ceil
mg? jrunoniiiy were wainscoteci and gilt, j
in the Moorish style, and the floors were j
covered with elegant palm-leaf matting.
The furniture was far loss sumptuous
I ban that I have seen in other places, aiul
there were no statues or paintings. Almost
the only works of art were a few
French engravings representing the battle
scenes of Napoleon, and certain tablets
inlaid v'tb gold and porcelain, and di
j versified with llowers, miniature landI
scapes, and inscriptions from the Koran.
1 The window-latticed hnlls of the Harem,
1 aiyl'the sky-lighted chambers where the
'Father of all the Sovereigns of the Earth'
used to go to sport with his women and
! mutes, displayed no ornament. The
j throne of his Serene Highness was quite
| an ordinary affair, and in interest was far
j out-matched by the twenty golden and
I :r.~ <1.. : ii-i i i *
iiHi^inucuiiuy juwi'iicu otare Keys 01 me
Sublime Porto. The gardens around the
palace abound in many Oriental plants
ond flowers, but are much exceeded in
beauty by ninny private giounds in England.
In sbort, the Turkish Seraglio has
been indebted for its fame more-to the
unequalled superbness of its natural situation,
and the jealousy with which its
precincts have been guarded, than to
anything actually done for it by human
taste and skill, 7'he present &ultfn has
r.cver made it his residence, preferring
one of the new palaces on the BosphoroS
to a place associated with so many private
intrigues and public iniquities.
Tne same firman, aided by a goodly
supply of bueh-xhecsh, admitted us into
Srinta Sophia, the great boast of the eastern
cnpital. Entering a small side door,
wo desconded several stops, a-'d traverKinrr
fl llll/irt VAQlihnln uoro ill nnnn ti-i ll.n
body of the church. As my cyo ranged
(through the stupendous arches, whose
vistas were hounded by biazen gates, and
up tlie polished walls, benched with tier
on tier of colonnaded galleries, and still
mounting, swept along the ceiling, from
cupola to oupoia, and half-dome to halfdome,
till, finally, it reposed on the groat
central vault, which, 180 feet above,
sprang from the shoulders of lour sera
plum, ana spanned the distanco ot 115
feet at an angle fearfully dispropoitionate
to the immensity of the leap, I saw much
that was truly grand and imposing; but
nowhere could I discern that richness of
material, or magnifleenco of Cecoration,
thnt stimulated the Kmpcror Justinian to
exclaim over his work, "I have surpassed
thee, O Solomon 1" Sinco the old Con
stantinople Cathedral, dedicated to the
Eternal Wisdom, has been degraded into
the metropolitan temple of'the False Prophet,
it lw? been despoiled of most of its
Ohristian ornament*, and 8anta.Sophia
owes'its present colebrity infinitcfy more
to what it- has been than to whnt it now is.
In harmony of outline, purity of stylo, and
porfeotion bf individual parts, ifis oxeeed<>d
by other Mosques 0P the city, and os
pp.cinlly by (hat of Sulioman tho MagnifiIccnt.
TIIE SHADOW POLICE OF NEW
yiie following deseiiption of the 'blind
ows' of the New York police, ns given
by a gentleman writing from that city on
the 24th ult, to the Philadelphia Inquirer
] iui your readers ever hear of that department
of our city police called the
shadow system? 1 supposo not, so I'll
explain it. The chief police has in hiq
employ a number of trustworthy men,
who nre acquainted with all the
pickpockets and rogues in the country,
of foreign as well as domestic growth.
Their province is to watch every steamboat
and railroad arrival, and in case any
of these gentry make their appearance
they are to follow and dog them wherever
they go, and to report progress two
or three limes a day to Mr. Matsell. ono
of th<> most skillful burglars in the United
States, who in his day has picked any
quantity of locks, but I believe has determined
to sin no more in that way, arrived
here a few days ago from a neighr
boring city, in company with his counsel,
a highly respectable and well knowi;niem
her of the bar. As soon as they were
espied by the shadows, they were traced
wherever they went, and the limb of the.
law being looked upon as a jxtl of the
burglar, was accordingly watched ns
'Soon after his arrival he got shaved-r
the shadow followed him into the barshop.
Ho nt to see a friend?tlif shnd
ow waited outside. He walked about
town for a mile or so?the slndow was
behind him. He went to the theatre?
the shadow was in the seat next to him.
He went to his hotel and read the papers
?me snauow w.is ai niseioow reading
ton. He registered his nrirae at.the hotel?the
shadow looked over his shoulder.
He went to bed?the shadoyr inquired
the number of his room.
'In this way iiO was harassed and doggod
for three 'nys, at. the end of which
time he thought he would call on tho
chiflf of thr police in reference to the lnis
inoss of his client; avid lol and behold
(ho shadow was tl:eve too. As'soon as
he made himself known, of course the
shadow was withdrawn, hut Mr. Matsell
(old him that he could tell him everything1
which he had done since he came to the
city?what he had eaten, the description
of wine he took at dinner?where he vis-V
ited?in fine everything connected wjtn
his movements from morning till night. '
Tha gist of the joke is that Mr. J/iitscll
issued directions for his arrest the next
rl;i\r nr?/l lio u'nnlrl Iuiva KrAiml*# *%
?v , *
prisoner to his oflice as sure as fate if hp
had not called there.
'*Such is the shadow police in NewYork.
Criminals drerd it, and I rim informed
that tlicy have, ere this, kneeled
In the chief of police and begged of him
to cease persecuting (hem in that wny,
promising everything. The result of thte
system is that New York is too uncommil
i* 1 1 ? ?
loriiiuie ior sucn poopie, ana tney manage
to give it a wide berth. It may ho
added that after little explanation the legal
gentleman and the chief of police had
a hearty laugh over the matter. The
reason the shadows are termed such is
because they will stick as close to a suspected
chara. ter as his own shadow will.*
r r ... mi *-? n
immense lmnuyrauor.? i lie Murnngton
(Town) State Gazette says:
"It. is estimated that between fourteen
and fifteen hundred wagons have crossed
the Mississippi at this place within the
lasUfive weeks, bringing immigrants from
Ohiii, Indiana, and Illinois, and all of
their, seeking homes in Iown. They have
generally gono to the new counties op
and weft of the Pes Moines river, whero,
we know, they will find lands and other
Agricultural advantages equal to any ii)
the world. Allowing five persons to a
wngon, there have crossed at this place
alone between 7,000 and- fi,000 persQP?,*
Hre are told that the same extraordinary
influx of immigrants has taken place at all
other crossing* along the river, from Dubuque
down to Keokuk. It Is therefore
reasonable to suppose that from 80,000
A -A. & /\ /\/\/\ ? - -1 -1 - 1 -
iu 0V,yuis puisuuo imu? iwun tiutitfCl lj[)
our population within the laat month and
a half, and tlio tide i.1 still pressing to\r,
A Sijif/ular I>iscovfry,--'-While .som?
J workmen wero engaged in digging away
a hill belonging to Mr. Williams, at Groei)
Point, Tj. Ilast week, they discovered a
a1 1 IVKI/Ia 'At* ao/1nM xj 1, I*. a a* At' rl A ? ' - -1- A
VITII \Ji ViyiMI I OIA irUB \> HIU HTVU TlgiOi
feet higl), continuing somrt rinlt. hny. rtnd
bottles tfltcd with illiquid rosembJirt#
jbWfnHV irt npponr.nneo, but of i?n oily tAst*;4
No ci)trtlffc?5 to the oo'H could be difrcov*
ere<f; <md the 'Oldest, inhabitant* wns hot
able (o nccount foi< how it enrrte tbei^y.
8onie skulls wo'fe . ?lso fohnd the
j Brtnie J)lneb, to which oyster# hAtf AtVach
I vu .'I uiri y i