Newspaper Page Text
We published n brief paragraph sonic
time sine*? with the caption of "singular
fact," stating tliat while the subscription
v v__f. :.i ..c n
111 in-'i i urw, in ;iui ui me i Hungarian refugee#
had nearly reached i 1,000, a propos-itict;
to raise funds for the relief of the ,
disabled Mexican volunteers had cntivelv
failed, We say charity and benevolence i
ttliruilfl l'.mrm iif lunno- tnntmv ic IIImmviIIv
subscribed to foreign patriots ? money is
lavishly bestowed upon foreign darn ers
?our public lands will possibly bo given
to recentimmigrant patriots and anything,
dancer, singer, soldier or author, who
may come here with a foreign reputation,
is idolized and bespattered with popular
adulation and favors to such an extent
- ? * v., .,v^ :
gusted, and return home to send back to
the model republic their sneers and their
ridicule at our folly.
^Tie New York T\ ibur.e, in noticing
the "singular fact" above alluded to. has
the following just remains:?C'urnl!,,'(ni.
"Thisis not by any manner of menus
so "singular" ns it purports to be The;
same sort of propensity runs through :i
hundred other different things. For example,
do we not send missionaries to the
Pacific, yea, even to Paris, to teach the
heathen, yet iyinj, everywhere in our
great cities and parts far from the cities,
are uiousarms 01 neninon?regular pacran
bipeds?who live like boasts, and have no
more idea of the duties ofhfethan a Pittsburgh
man has of clean linen? Who in
America reads an American book unless
it have the stamp of a foreign publisher?
IFlm will riiti jifti*j* *1 iv?fi\#* /l*mr*o>* m?i* 1
haul her about as horses do ordinary mortals?
Hero in the south, who will send his
sou to a southern college?who support
n high-toned, dignified magazine devoted
to our local interests?
"But this is the way of the world,
which passes over the jewel Iving at its
feet, to find something brilliant far ahead.
It is human nature, and what s the u t>
of ridiculing ii? Men, women ana children
follow the bent. No man is verv
great among his intimat. s. Kven a valet
may scorn the great philosopher whom
he waits on daily. Distance to the. eminent
mnn is n sort of present posterity.
Poets and geniuses die out daily, and no
Ulic I lit" 111 UI1 11 Uir WCIlhllMSMUS >V 111C 11
made them as are other men, nre forgotten,
and they live only in what gave them
"Gamboge," of the Yankee Made, in
alluding to lh" Phrsique of the House of
Representat: vos, as displayed on the first
glance, remai!. .
Prominent on the Democratic side,
was'lhe magnificent looking Gen. Bailv
of Virginia, in his blue coat and yellow
vest. The centre of another knot was
Linn Boyd of Kentucky, another splendid
specimen of his race, and an old stager
in debate. IIo wears bis hair in a
large erect tuff, on his lorehoad, or what
we used to call at the North a 'Boston.'
Another noticeable man ii. the crowd,is
the new aspirant f >r the leadership of the
Democratic side, Robert Alcf/ine of Baltimore.
He is tall and finely propor
uonea, miner 100 ?<ooa looKing ior a
member, hut a man of ability for all that .
Haralson of Georgia was another tall
'un,' and towering above them all, was
twenty or thirty yards of John Wcntworth.
Physically, the Democratic, side of the
House has the edvantage this session.
r.'here arc more men of weight?avoirdupois
I mean, not mental heft?on that
side of the House. It happens that
in nv men of mark on the Whig side, are
extremely slight in figure. Stephens of
of Georgia, whose fiery eloquence has so
often startled the echoes of the Hall of
T?.f?nvASf>n(iilivr>?i iv<>urlis 1n?? ftannn turn.
dred pounds, and is as often taken for a
?age from the galleries as for a member,
lis thin, sickly form affords but a slight
index to his mental activity and the superiority
of bis delivery. Schenek of Ohio,
perhaps the readiest off-band debater in
the House, is a man of medium size, and
looks still less, from the habit of sitting
somewhat crouched in bis seat.
ihe i'resest ri:.\n.---A uerman news
1)npcr has recently published a prophecy
))'a Benedictine monk, who died in 1847,
the purport of which is that tho present
year, 18f>0, will he one, of unusual
prosperity. The different sects of Christianity
will in that year accord. 7he
Sultan will be poisoned, (vlbdot'l Mejid
had best take care) and his empire will
become christian. Russia will suffer ,
much from a warlike nation of the ens!.
A German Prince will found an eastern
empire. Grain, fruit, lentils and other
vegetables will be so plentiful that the
bams v ill bo unable to contain (bom.
The disease of the sweet potatoe will evory
whore cease, and old men will not remember
such n year of fYuitfulnoss. The
wino of this year will surpass that of the
year of the comct.?Foreign Paper.
Rev. Theobald Mathew delivered his '
pccond Address on Temporanoe, (and (he
last in this place,) on yesterday evening !
at the Catholic Church. TPe have un- ' i
derstood that about sixty persons have j
taken the pledge from him during his
stay in our town, and we fee from t Ik
'Charleston papers that his labors in that!"
placc resulted in administering the pledge
to about fifteen hundred persons.
Twelve years' labor iti the cause of
Temperance has not abated his ardor aim
zeal in the least, if we can judge by his ;
exertions here.? Col. Telegraph.
K 10 OW EE COU1UIS it I
Nafurday, Jail. SO, 18?S0*|
With ii view t>f accommodating our Sub >
scribors who live at n distance, the following ,
gentlemen are authorized and requested to
acl a agents in receiving and forwarding Sub
cni'iiWiiinis f<\ tl\n Iv vnwrr Ciirnirn viarr
Maj. \V. 8. Grisiiam, fit West Union.
Edward Hugu>:8, Esq., " II< r-e Shoe.
E. P. Yeuskr, Esq., " Bncliblor'.s Retreat
M. F. Mitciiei.i,, Esq.. " l'icken<villo.
J. E. Hauoud, " Twelve Mile.
T. J. Webb, for Anderson District.
The school teachers of the District will hear
in mind, that the Board of ComnusHonera of
Free .Schools meet> at this place on Monday
next, and those desiring to have schools located
in the District, should apply at the lirs1
meeting of the Board. The Free School fund
v. ill l>e increased by nearly one half for the
present year, and we sincerely hope to hear
and see a goodly report from its influence u|>on
those who nuy avail themselves of its ad"
vantages. Every neighborhood should endea
vor to ha. e a s-chool located in its vicinity
and carried into successful operation. We
have no intimation from the board as to how
the increased fund will bo disposed of, whether
they will increase the number of poor .scholars
heretofore allowed, or whether the same number
will be continued and the pay of the teachers
increased. We arc an advocate for paying
liberally that class of nun, win: have the
supervision of our children*' education, and
who 'train them up in the way they should
for no avocation is more honorable or more laborious,
and no laborer is more worthy of his
hire. J>ut as the fuiul is only increased temporarily,
perhaps the greatest good would be
elfeeted l>y increasing the number of public
scholar*?by giving a greater number of poor
children an opportunity of obtaining the rudiments
of .in education, and having tasted, they
may be induced to drink Mill deeper of the
A nd while on this subject wo take occasion
to say to the teachers of the country, what wc
have h"!g thought, viz: that there ought to be a
radical change in the general system of teach
: ing. '1 eachers tJionld keeg this fact constantly
before them, that c<rocation consists in the acquisition
of ideas. Now it has been too much
the custom in this country to keep a child leavn
ing the mere empty-Kounding Avoids found in
Webster's Spelling Book, until lie can repeat by
heart nearly every word in it and ho acquires no
more idea of themeaniig or definition of the
words over which he has been poring for months
than the child who can barely read his A 1! C.
y'his, then, iy not attaining the end for which
ahildrcn arc :>cnt to school. And yet.it is too
otten irue, mat parents are pica ca,?aye, oelij't
'eel, if in the course cfsix months, the teach
erlearns the 'dear little boy' to spell 'vagrant'
by heart, and'crucifix' on the book. But that
devoted parent forgets that his child has no distinct
idea of the meaning of those words, and so
far as knowledge is concerned, lie is but little
in advance of his a-b abs. He might in less
time learn to say crteritt pa-Hats and many
other Latin word*, and understand just as little
of their meaning as he would of that many
We venture the assertion that n boy at school
with proper books in his hands, ami wholesome
instruction from his teacher, would acquire
really more knowledgo of our language
in < nc year, than he would in three years with
WelMcr or the elementary spelling book under
the general system.
To remedy this great defect, we respectfully
recommend the use of 7'ownV Spoiling Book*
in which the pnpil, as soon as he can spell, is
taught the meaning of the words of his language?the
definition or idea intended to bt
conveyed by the use of the word, vlnd this
the pupil may be learning profitably, while lie
is nquiriug a knowledge of the letters, sounds
and pronunciation' For the mere ability to
pronounce or spell a word, without a knowledge
of its meaning, is as worthless to the student,
as it would be to a man totally ignorant
oj tlie uret k language, to memorize a long cat
nlogue of Greek words, ami (hereby expect to
speak the language correctly.
If nny of our teachers have not cxnminod the
work above alluded to, wo h< pc they will
avail them elves of the earliest opportunity of
doing so, that they may the better judge of
the applicability of our remarks:?tlio snperi
orityof the book, r.uJ the nccc ;si!y of its adop
REPORT OF yilESPECIAL COMMITTEE. |
Wo have commenced this woek to publish
the Report of the Special Committee?
appointed by the Legislature to examine
and report upon the condition of the Hank
of tho State in Charleston, to which we
invito the special attention of oimreaders.
As the Rank question is likely to prorluco
some interest during the present
j'ear, wo shall from time to time publish
5ucb documents as will give the people
ill the information on the subject in our
possession on l>oth sides. And while wc
>ay to our friends, read nil the documents
-obtain all the information you cm on ;
the subject, and then deduce youfconclusion
calmly, and deliberately, and unbiassed
by prejudice, we also I .sirO' to say,
that our opinions nrc made ap?our position
is fixed, and wc are not to be diivm?
from it bv the idle threats of bartizans
Our columns are open to communications
on both sides, for and against the
Hank; but as for ourselves, we oppose the
institution conscientiously fnm principle,
and we are determined to do what we
believe to be right without regard to con
sequences. We mean to advocate our
position firmly, fairly, and fearlessly, hut
courteously as we know how "NVe shall
say nothing intentional y, to wound the
feelings of our friends of the opposition,
and we hope a like favor will be extended
to us. Ana as an ews paper qunrreis
are interesting to none but Editors, wo
shall sedulously avoid every thing of the
VIRG1X1A LEG ISLATI'RE.
The House of Delegates of tho 'Old
' n^onntl .1ml Sn < hoii' lmriel il ll-n
i j y u i?111i? ?i i, <iar<v;iiiuiv:\i in iiiv.n iv^ioimnu
capacity, are carrying out in good faith
the bold and manly stand heretofore assumed
by that State on the Southern
question. Gov. Floyd sent to the House
a special message, together with certain
resolutions passed by the Legislature of
Vm'innnl nrmii-wt nnrl in fiivni* nf
iis abolishment in ihc District of Columbia,
and by that body sent to his Kxcellencv.
The message was responded to
by the House in the same spirit with
which it was sent, and a resolution immediately
adopted requesting him to return
the resolutions to Vermont, with the
declaration that Virginia knows her constitutional
rights and w ill maintain them.
The report of the select committee recommends
the Nashville iSfouthcn Convention
in June,?that the Legislature
send four delegates thereto, and their exnenses
he naid bv the State, and thai
the people of each Congressional District,
also choose one delegate at the next
spring election to represent them in said
What can be the matter with Mr Collamers
postal regulations? Is he about to
suspend operations, or arc some of his
dmiulioA nnt <>p 'a Imut /" Tlin 01inrli>s.
ton Courier, whi h litis generally been
very prompt, bus not come to band this
week at all. There is some mismanagement,
somewhere. "Who claims it? We
have also heard some complaint that our
papers are not received regidnrly at some
of tho offices in Anderson District, and to
those of our subscribers at Roc ; Mills
and Andersonville, it is duo to say. that
the packages have been made up in our
office regularly and placed in the post
office at this place, so that we do not
claim to ourselves any remisncss so far as
they arc concerned and we sincerely hope
that hereafter no miscarriages will occur.
CoNGitnss.?The House of Representatives
has succeeded in electing Mr. A%
J. Olosshrencr &crgeant-at-Arms, on the
| Ttlcr/raphcd to the Petersburg Intel.J
,v Washinotcn, Jan. 10?6 pm.
IT. S. Shnatk?Iii the .S'eimte to-dav,
Mr. Benton introduced a bill do ning the
boundaries of Texas. It appropriates
Fifteen J/illions of Dollars, as indemnity
forToxnR surrendering the same.
Mr. B. advocated the measure in a
Mr Footc followed against it.
A ft or n slmrt. K.vr?on tivr? coccinn
OC8K OF REPREBuNTATIVES.? 7'he
Mouse, to-day, was engaged in tlic election
of a Doorkeeper.
Four hjlots were taken, but no clioico
Mr. Evans, of Maryland, offered a resolution
for the election of M\ Horner.
Tlie Speaker overruled the motion.
An appeal was taken, and the decision
of the Chair sustained.
rin it it - -1 1
i lie iiouoo wit:ii iiujounieu.
A New Invention.?vVrs Mary Cook '
has invented a Polish Iron, which is designed
to facilitate the work of ( he Indies,
and make shirt bosoms, ruffles, collars,
ifeo., shine with a beautiful polish, without
using any composition injurious to the
D!ant//>r/>.<tfprl AtJ.nir.o Nnvr-r fnkn n
papt'r rnorc th^n ten years without paying
the printer, or at least sending l.i.n a
lock of your hair to Jet him know you nro!
For the "Ktoxccc Courier
twklvk plain he a son & why the people .
of plckkns should 0c oppose!* to
the hank ok the state.
First. The}' never borrow money from
the Bank, and never receivo any favors
or accommodations from it, while their
property is liable to be taxed to pay all
the debts and losses of the bank. They
therefore gain nothing and may loose
much should the Bank be re-chartered.
2. It is not right that the people of
Pickens, who never recoivc any accommodations
from this Bank, should keep
it up to loan money to the people of
Charleston and Columbia, if they want
a Hank for their special accommodation
let them subscribe the stock nnd establish
one, and they may (hen borrow from it
(ic niiinli !?a (Iw.v t\lr>n?r? ntwl lni.rl
.... ......... v..w , ~
mono)* to whom they please; and should
the whole of their capital l>c lost, it will
be a matter of no consequence to the
people of Pickens, as their property will
not be rc -pcns-ible; as there are private
Banks enough in the State now to afford
a good circulating paper medium.
? ? i > - ... . ii... r i 1 11 .
). ijucaiisc tiiu lihoib iiuu mans ui im->
Bank arc for the most part extended only
to a small circle, as (lie facts will prove.
The Officers and Directors of the Bank
of the State have borrowed from it upwards
of one million of dollars ! The
three Districts of Charleston, lUchlnnd,
Fail field and Kershaw have borrowed
iibout two millions?thirty individuals
have borrowed seven hundred thousand
dollars?the Georgia Rail Road has borrowed
one hundred thousand dollars?
the Limestone Springs $25,000?the
Ncsbilt Mnnuiacturing Company has
$1-10,000?a Hotel in Charleston has
?.r}0,000. Upon several of these loans
losses have been sustained; and yet,
though riekcns has not ovc dollar, the
property of her citizens is responsible for
nil (lie liabilities of this Rank. Is it
right? Should the people of the State,
nnd particularly the people of Pickens,
keep up a Hank for the accommodation
of the JJank oDicers and their favorites
upon such terms?
4. This Hank has already lost bv their
own showing five hundred thousand dollars
in ':> 1 delits. The sum of $850,000 ;
lias t>ocii lost within the last nine years
IIow .nu:h more will be lost when (ho
aftairs of the Hank are fully brought (o |
light, no one can tell. The suspended
debt, that is the amount for which the j
Dank has brought suit to recover from
? . . - - i
t hose w ho have borrowed and failed to
pay, amounts to nearly $150,000 more,
and it is probable that at. least one half
of that amount will be lost. Each year
the Dank losses on an average near ?25,- |
000, and this is principally from the fail- i
lire of the Directors?the men who have J
the keeping and management of the peo- i
pie's money. Think about it, and say if 1
you are wiiliiur to continue such an insti- !
(ution on such terms.
5. The Hank is not paying llie simple '
interest of the capital the ?57tnte furnished
her to hank on. Lust year the Bunk
fell short about ?34,000 of making the
simple interest on the capital. And yot j
the salaries of the Bank officers amount :
to 830,000?and the annual expenso of
the Bank is about $40,000. Having an
excellent houSe, the Bank officers con
eluded it was not good enough for them
<o live in, and actually bought another at;
(he price of $40,0001 Whilo the Legislature
have refused to build a house for
the C jvcrnor at the seat of 'Government, ;
these Bank officers have laid out the
enormous sum of $40,000 of the people's
money for a p-daeo for themselves,
when they had a good ho ise: Reader,
you have to help make up all the losses,
G. The Bank, moreover, has the now- I
cr of running the State in debt to nn unlimited
am Hint, and the people will have
it to pay. Every man's properly in tho
/S'tate stands pledged to pay nil the losses
of the Bank, and to redeem the bills issued
by it. Who, then, wishes to continue
any longer a security for the Bank?
If one goes security forafriond, ho generally
desires to bo released as soon as
possible. Every man in the State is security
for the Bank for about five mil
lions of dollars, and but few tlwnk of it.
7. When the Bank was first chartered,
no man was to borrow more than $2,000,
and each District was to have its
share. How is it now? Three Districts
ns before stated have near two millions of
dollar?, aud tho (Jeorgii Road $100,
000, and one man, yes one man lia*
$70,000, Tli'5 B ink is-it this time too
making war aa it were upon the legisla.
ture ant! the State?writing letters to
prominent men, approaching editors
newspapers, Tending money to members
of the Legislature, and id fact adopting
the maxim of Nicholas Iliddie, that to
lend money freely is the best way tof secure
a re-charter, and a continuation of
their monicd power.
8. No State or Government Bank has
overdone a profitable business. "Whenever
a Slate has attempted banking, it
has been a failure. The Btale of Alabama
tried it and lost fen millions of dollars.
Georgia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania,
and Isovtli Carolina hate all tried U, and
Imvo all lost money, and hud largo debts
for their people to nay. May we not
take warning from these examples. A
State is no morn capable to engage in
banking profitably, than she can with
success carry on a factory, a plantation,
or a store. Besides, Governments are
organized to protect our lives, our liberties,
and our property. Is it not protcc
ting our property with n vengcancc when
it. establishes a Bank with power to contract
any amount of debts, and mortgages
the property of all her citizens to
pay those debts !
0. It is a violation of the Constitution
of our State, which declares that no appropriations
of money, or expenditure ot
public funds, shall be made except by
Bill which shall have been road Ihiee
times in both branches of tho Legislature
on three several days. Yes the
Bank expends public monies, make appropriations
for Georgia Rail lloads, Iron
1 forks, Ifatering-places, and Hotels in
Charleston, purchases property, lands,
negroes, and houses without being responsible
to the people, and contrary to
this exnress nrovision of the State Con
stitution, which places all the public
funds under control of the Legislature.
10. For the State to engage in banking
is contrary to the Federal Constitution,
which declares that no State shall
emit Hills of credit, or coin money, By
creating a Bank with power to emit bills
of credit, the Str.te is doing by her agent,
what the Constitution forbids her to do
by herself. Certainly the Bank bjlls are
"bills of credit," when the State is bound
to redeem them. And it is only this
that gives thorn currency, for the Bank
has issued two millions of bills and has
only fc'JOO.OOO in specie in her vaults.?
And in authorising the Bank to issue bills,
the State is coining money, for she ban
declared that^hese bills shall be received
in payment of taxes. She is then making
money, for a bill issued by her Bank
in compliance with the power given that
Bank, is ;>s much money as n five dollar
f/ofd piece, aiul the State has no more
light to make one than the other.
11. 'I bis Hank is unnecessary as there
arc at this time in our State enough private
Hanks to answer all commercial or
business purposes. These private Banks
are all sound and their bills pnss all over
the Union. Then there is not the same
necessity for this Bank now, as when it
w!ifirst. i>nt!i 1 ilU'iipiJ fm< nvivntfl Ttnnkc
have sprung up all over the State, and
consequently the profits are by no means
as large as in 1812 nnd 1815.
12. Because it is inexpedient that the
State should borrow money to bank on,
when the Bank does not make the simple
interest of the debt.
THE SPANISH CONSUL.
SThc President dismisses Don Carlos
D'Espcna in the following words;
tiw\ j ~ *t.& r J . J
a nusu arc iio>v tu uuuiiiru uun i no
no longer recognizb the said Carlos D'Espena,
as Consul of her Catholic Majesty
in any port of the United States, nor permit
him to cxerci.cc or enjoy any of the
functions, powers, or privileges allowed
to the Consuls of Spain; and I do hereby
wholly revoke and annul the said cxequateur
heretofore given, and do declare
the same to he absolutely null and void,
irom tins day forward, January 4, i?ou.
Mw Clayton explains this expulsion
to rest on the results of the trial of said
Consul, which must impair his usefulnoss
if continued in office. ^
The Spanish minister thinks his gov.ernimntwill
be surprised at this after the
acquittal of the Consul, but consents to
the right of tlvs^?kpsident to discharge
A **A#AninAVf1wr uoire1 WltAtl wA OAA u
.1 X I I ?? ? ? J Wl J P? M JIUII ?? V BV*? W
neat, pretty girl, with ft free, but innocent
air, with cheeks like roses nnd heavenly
blue eyes, wliich fcccm to repose in
serenity beneath their silken lashes, wo
always wish that she was near a mud pud
die, and that wo had to lift ho.1 over,
A Geneva watch of a Id^s sizjp than a
rrold dollar is in n ir-welrv ?;fo?W in St.
7.oui3. It is full uns 25
Formerly it wns rnigfef hflt n crirfle escapes
punisl)mcnt;'tt(WSflpT)en any Way
atrocious, it is raro UuflBSrcts puiiishca.
The Legislature ofjMfifetrfkhng pawed
a hill to incorporate tn^RH^onoc horso
thief detecting ccwpanyT**"