Newspaper Page Text
MR, CALIIOUN'S SPEECH.
Wakhixouon March 1, 1850.
'lite Senate was crowded to-day, in couscquenco
of the announcement tlmt Mr. Calhoun's
speech would bo rend to the Senate. Mr. Calhoun
was in attendance, mid his speech was
rend by Mr. Mhmmi, of Virginia, and listcued to
with tho moot profound attention.
The heads of hid argument are that the Union
is in danger; tho cnuwo being discontent, produced
by tho destruction of tho equilibrium in
power between the North and tho South, In
order to maintain the confederacy, tho <Nouth
must bo fully satisfied that she can remnm ?>
tho Union in safety and peace, ns an equal,
with full scurity of right*. In regard to Mr.
Clay's compromise, ho holds it inadequate to
tho preservation of tho Union; nor can it bo
paved if California in admitted and tho Wilmot
It can only be done by an amendment of the
Constitution, which will securo tho equal rights
of tho South, and security from aggression for
the future. This Union can bo saved by giving
to tho South her equal share of tlio common
domain, and by restoring, as tho Federal Constitution
contemplated, fugitive slaves. 2'ho
?b'outh has no compromiso to offer. 2'he question,
if settled at all, must bo settled at this
session. It is time to decide it If wo cannot
settle it now, lot us part in peace. If you will
not lot us ?eparato in peace, let us know your
determination. In tlmt case tho admissioa of
California will be thetco'.
Mr. Webster will speak on Thursday.?Carolinian.
Nkw York, March 1.
The cotton market to-day Avns steady; tho
sales readied 1500 kales, nt n decline of 8-8
to 1 -2 c. friucc the nrrival of tho steamer.
A lxnly has been found near Roxhury, which
it is rumored in tho remains of Dr. Farkman.
New Oklkans, Mri' '? 1.
Yesterday 6000 bales of cotton wfciC sold,
mostly for the English market. There was no
further decline, middling quoted at 11 1-8;
good middling 11 1-4.
The steamship Ohio, for Clmgres, nailed yesterday,
with 480 passengers.?Ibid.
Savannah, March 3.
Mr. Bulloch took about one hundred thosand
,l..l?rn.. l.iii- ..f it-- >?t- *?- '
MUIUHOUI I11U Ullis Ml 1I1U Hill 1K. ins uouusineii
arc liable for only forty thousand dollars. The
reserved fund of the bank is more than suflicient
to cover their loss.
An intimate friend of Mr. Bulloch's liaa boon
arrested and couunitted, supposed to have
aided in his escape. There is jio certainty here,
as yet, as to what course tho absconding defaulter
Rumors or War.?It was rumored in the city
yesterday that news of a disturbance and
collision in the (louse of 7?cpresentatives hod
been received by Telegraph. Tliere is not according
to our information, any foundation for
tho story, ?ud tho proceedings of Congress g&ve
no indication of danger, till tho resolution for
the admission of California should csme up again
which would be to-day. It is not unlikely that
the struggle will be again postponed. Mr Ci\llioun'ti
speech woe expected to bo delivered today,
and it was hoped ho would bo well enough
to be present- The attraction of his speech
would nave the effect, for apart of the day at
leiint, of lelieviog the //onsc proceedings of all
One circumstanje lias possibly given occaniou
to the rumor of a fight The more violent
Northern papers havo of lato daily repeated
stories that the Southern members go to the I
Mouse armed with Bowie knivos and revolvers, I
in anticipation of a fray. J'ho object probably
is to gather a Northcrp mob at "Washington, in
furtherance of the glorious cause of Free Soil.?
Conghrss.?In this body nothing of
interc8thas transpired, if wo except the
introduction, on Wednesday, of a bill for
the admission of California with all her
iniquitous claims.* This proposition was
brought forward by Mr. uoty, the author
of the scenes on "black Monday." Tho
bill wai? committed to a Committee of the
Whole, and was discussed in connection]
with the President's message on the same
subjeot. The debate which followed
was participated in by Messrs. Tombs, of
Georgia, Baker, of Illinois, and McLnne,
of Maryland. Of course this will be a
subject of discussion for weeks.--Carolinian
Death qf Captain May.?~T\\a St.
Louis Union, of the 19th ult., contains
an account of the life and death of this
young officer, who won the earliest laurels
that were gathered in the late Mexican
war. He died, savs tho Union, in
Saw FjranctL<oo, after a snort illness, from
scurvy and bronchitis, produced by along
and vory disagreeable passage from New
York to that place; by the course of
Cape Horn.. At the period of his death,
be was about twenty-seven years of nge,
and jn tho very primo of his munhood and
mnv4 > ! v , wit-:$ . !;
Cotton Canvass.?!jTho Portland Advertiser,
in r 'Hieing the launch of the ship
of M linn, nrldn that she wn? fi
ted out with an entire suit of cotton canvass,
from the works of the Portland
Manufacturing Company. The Advertiser
jhys tliat this article is of receiit introduction,
as oolton duck was officially
condemned hv tho Government a few
nincc, as unfit for anything but sail. /Since
then, however, great improvements have
bceri made lu tlic ntunnChcluire of tins
kind of goods, andflfotton canvas is now
W tmrvYA rtf fun 1* irt/itf mni*_
chantmen suiting from extern t>ort&. The
funeral introduction of this article of canvas
for the use of ahips, will do much towards
securing the commercial independence
Of our country, and greatly increase
the demand for manufacturing labor nnd
capital, iffld more particularly for the raw
THE WORD SELA1L
Wo havo oflon speculated on the meaning
of this word as it occurs in the Bible. Below
we give the opinion of various persons concerning
it. Tho translators of tlio Bible bavo left
the Hebrew word iSclnh, which occurs so often
in Psaluis, as thoy have found it, and of course
the English reader often asks his minister, or
some learned frieiwl wlmf if ???!
ono lifts been most often obliged to confess his
own ignorance of its meaning, because it is a
matter' in regard to which the most learned
have, by no means, been of one mind. Tho
Targum and most of the Jewish commentators,
givo to tho word the meaning of oten tally forever.
Rabbi Kirncbi regards it as a sign to elevate
tho voice. Tho authors of the ?epluagint
translation appear to liavo frogardod it as a musical
or rythmical note. Herder regards it as
indicating a change of tone; Matheson as a musical
noto, equivalent, perhaps to tho word repeat.
According to Luther and others, it
means siltnee! Uosenius explains it to mean:
"Let the instruments play and tho sirttrersston:
Wothdti regards it as Equivalent to suhhim cor
da?up my soul! fiommer after examining all
tho ecventy-four passages in which the word
occurs- recognises in every case "an actual apf>eai
or suimnons to Jehovah. Y'hoy are calls
or nidj add prayers to be heard, expressed either
with entire directnoss, or if not in the imperative
'Hear Jehovnh!' or awako Jehovah, or
the like still earnest- addresses to God that ho
would rememder, and hear, ?tc. The word
itself, he regards as indicating a blast of trumpets
by the priests. Selah itself, he thinks an
abridged expression used for Higgaion, indicating
the sound of tho stringed instruments, and
Selah a vigorous blast of trumpets.?liibliothcca
Tho following extract from the Last vin
diention of young Mcngher, is tmsurpas- !
sed in elonuniien and nnwnv i
J J , v~
"If thou wilt show no relenting, but
continue fierce and merciless to the end,
as Heaven is abovtvthee, the day of thine
own fell, the day that shall see theo utterly
overwhelmed, shall come at last'
And not by all thy glory (hen,
Bv mined hosts arrayed,
By ]>onip nnd power nnd mighty men,
Can Qod's right urm be stayed!
Then shall thou feol the earth heaved
beneath and the skies above theel Then
1 shall thy fons exult and thine allies tremble;?tiien
from the warm south and the
chill north, and the golden east, shall ri.ig
shouts of derisive triumph?from the isles (
of the sea go up peans of rejoicing; and
then shall the angel of freedom appear,
and roll away the t3tone from the sepul
viiiv vi iitmuu o iiuwuiKVi UiUUIllg It j
arise to a glorious rcsurrcclion?while i
the armed watchers over a bleep they
deemed eternal, stand aghast, drop the
sword from their palsied hands, and faint
in their armor.
When thus Ireland, thy free sister,
begins anew her national existence, may |
she be warned by thy fall against pride,
cruelty, oppression, extortion, and that do ]
fiant forgetfulness of God which is the |
soul or tyranny.
SOCIETY OF WOMEN.
There is nc society in tho world more
profitable, because none more refining
and promotive of virtue, than that of refined
and sensible women. The beauty
| of women is made to win, her gentle
voice to invite, the desire of her favor to
persuade men's-sterner souls from strife
to peace. We honor t'?e chivalrous deference
paid to woman. It evinces not
nnlv W'linftnt fr? vii/.lift, ami Hncirfl nffo
pure nffectiony but that our women are
worthy of such respect. But women
were not made merely to win mon to their
society. To be companions, they should
be fined to be friends, to rule hearts tuey
should secure the approbation of minds.
u4nd a man dishonors them, .as well as
disgraces himself, when he seeks their
circle for idle pastime, and not for the improvement
of his mind nnd the elevation
of his heart.
The German Character.?I know the
Germans;, like metaphysicians, they wish
to know everything from the bottom, very
accurately, in large octavo, with no excess
?< i ?:*i. .. r?
ui uuiiui.m;iiu:>?> uiiu wivu ? icw uu(uyii9.
Tliey rig out nn epigram with a preface,
and a love-madrigal with a table of contents.
They determine the course of the
zepnvr by a sea oompass, and .the heart of (
a girl by conic sections. Like merchants, |
they mark everything with capitals, and ,
prove everything likejurists. T\\e mem- i
brnnes of thrir btains are living memorandum
books, their legs are secrect molewands
and pedometers. They cut asunder
the veil of the niie muses, and measure
the hearts of those girls with compas8C8S,
and their heads with a guago.-g
jikt' * *
To preserve voyyr hdallb, drink water
and got marrictf early. Putting off mntrigid.i*J)<JB
broken down more constitutions
trian #vor contamotion did. Think
of tl fiis ard set your ncarts on dimity,
without 16ste of time.
Somebody thinks that if naturo had
designed a man to be a drunkard, he
would havo beun constructed like a
churn, so that tho more ho drank the
firmer ho would stand.
The Dollar.?Giles, tho lecturer, says
that of thirty thousand nouns in the English
language, the dollar is that which is
-* ? -? * U/\.?m/1 T i1/a lU/i 1\ rt?v% n
niUSb lrnjuumijr Iitaiu. JJIIVO mu viiqiuu
of sympathy in music, it is uevor lost in
the storms of the orchestra. SPhe dollar
is a noun substantive, a noun ubiquitous,
a noun oranijkitertt.
? !>l* .* a*
Rabbi Eliezer sai , "Turn to God ono
day before deuth." Ilis disciples said,
"Aowcana man know the day of bis
death?" lie answered tbem, "Therefore
turn to-day; perhaps you may die tomorrow,
thus every day will be employ I
ed in returning."
What we commonly call a falling star,
is believed by the vlrabs to be a dart
1 -l.-.i 1.1 ?...
KiuiicMcu ?y me viimiglity at an evil genius:
and on beholding one, they exclaim,
"MavGod transfix the enemy of the
On Saturday the 23d February, by the
Rev. Nimrod Sullivan, Mr. M. Broom to
.Miss Emily butler, all of this District.
On Thursday evening 28th February,
by John Adair, Esq., Mr, William lb'oom
to Miss Elizabeth Butler, all of this District.
! The Rev: Mr. Watts and others will
1 address the peoplo on the subject of
Temperance as immediately connected
with i lie order of the Sons of Tcmperance,
on Saturday tho 30th inst., in tho Town
of Pickensville S. C The meeting will
convene at 3 o'clock P. M,?Brothers
of the Order, and the public generally are
invited to attend.
Match 9, 1850, 42 t30i
Those indebted to me previous to tho
1st of January lust, are requestedfto make
immediate navmentas indulgence cannot.
A. M. FOLGER,
March 0, 1800, 42 tf
A good Shoemaker, well recommended,
enn find employment by making immediate
Twelve Mile S C. March 9th 1850.
Any person having a good J a.ck, can
do well with him in the neighborhood of
West Union. Call on
W. S. GRISHAM,
West Union S. C.
P. S.?I would purchase a good Jack
on reasonable terms. W; 8. G.
Afarch 0, 1850, 42 2t
Charleston, Feb. 27, 1850
r n 1? /a7" & T> A T n T> 71 TS n C< t
L w \rJ*\jMSJJJJL\jto XV W. J
CIRCUMSTANCED demanding that
the Governor should be officially acquainted
with the fencctive force of the State,
and the number of alarm men?the Brigadier
Generals are hereby directed forthwith
to make returns of their commands,
to the Adjutant and Inspector General
at Camden. A failure in responding
promptly to this order, will not be overlooked,
and the newspaper publications
will be regarded as sufficient notice.
By :>rdcr of the Commander in Chief.
J. W. CANTEY, Adjutant and Inspector
itfarcn U, 4'2 lm.
Executive Department, Feb. 20, I860'
To the Chairman of the Commissioners
of Free Schools of
Sin: You will oblige liis Excellency the
Governor, by giving concise answers to
the following queries, as early as your
convenience will permit.
B T WATTS, Sco'ry.
1st. If hat is t he present number of
_ _ _ 1 _ .1 /? t .1 . . *
maie ana iemaic pupus at inc i' rce |
Schools in the District (or Parish) of
What lias been the number sincc 1845? |
2d. What is tho tuition feo for each
pupil? The aggregate amount paid to
tho ^Teachers? 1 he proportion of the
School Fund received from the State?
3d ylreall the pupils sent to tlio Free
Schools? If not, how many are instructed
at private or public vlcademies, and
rtt?vhatco.|t? ^ ^
neglect ithis Head ascribable?
5th Are tho Teachers competent men,
l _ J i ~t _ _ J e? -i . o
uiiu onmrwiso (juuiiuuu ior uieir siiiuonr
Do they undergo any preparatory examination?
Aro thoy long in Office, or arc
changes lrequont? If the latter, assign the
Gth What is the plan of instruction?
Stato particularly every branch of knowledge
taught, and how far carried.
7th "What, hooks lire ns?d. where houefht.
find nt what prions?
8th I9 there annually, or occasionally,
a public or private examination of the
Schools? If so, do the Commissioners, as
a body, or any portion of them, attend?
dth Is the present system a successful
ono in the If not, why? J/ow may
it bo improved?
10th State anything clso in reference
?o the subject, which you may think important.
jl/arck 9, 4SJ 4w
Duo to the Commissioner in Equity must
be settled; and those who owe them had
best see to it before roturn day?public
Oflicers in these matters have no legal
MILES M, NOIiTON, c. k. p. d.
Pickens S. C., jl/iitoh 2, 1850,
AT WEST UNION,
A commodious Storo IIouso, Counting
room, with a good lire place complete ;
situated as it is, 11 miles from Pickens
0. H.* 14 from Whetstone; 14 from
Bj ulu lors Retreat; and 18 from Pendlc
ion, no ot her mores to interfere, makes it
one of the best stands in the District for
the Mercantile trade. Apply to me at
W. S. GRISIIAM.
West Union S. C. March 2, 1850.
THERE w ill be sold, at the late residence
of Josiah F. Perry, deceased, near
the Tugalo River, in Pickens District, on
Saturday the 30th of J/arch, to the high- i
ml i *?
jLwuive or thirteen hundred Bushels of
Two or three thousand pounds of Bacon,
Three or four hundred pounds of Lard,
Several head of likely Cattle, Steers
A large quantity of Fodder, &c.
The property will be sold on acreditof
twelve months, the purchaser giving his
note hearing interest with approved secu?
Persons already indebted to the Estate
are requested to make payment on the
day of sale.
B. F. PERllY, Adm'r.
Greenville, S. C. Feb. 2, 1850.
SOUTH CA OLINA,
PI KE^? DISTRICT.
Tyre L Roper, <k wife Mclinda Roper>
Wni. Edens, Alexander Edens, Pascal
Sotttherland <6 toife Esther SouIhcrland
Jesse Adams and tnt Polly Adams, Defendants,
for the sale of the Heal Estate
of Samuel Edens dee'd. ylnd it appearing
that Jesse Adams, and wife, Polly,
reside without the limits of this State.
It is therefore ordered that they do appear
vithin three months from the dale hereof
or their consent to said Sail will be taken
W. D. STEELE, o. i\ n.
Ordinary's Office. )
February, 2, 1850. )
A. New ittiifcic Book in Patent
BY DR. WM. IIOUSER,
IS tho greatest work of the kind ever offered
to tho vcorld. It contains 676 pngea, and
nnd more than 700 tunes?Psalms and
Hymn Tunes, Odes and Anthems, Sun,
Temperance, Moral, and Patriotic pieces;
Scotn. Ivisn, German, French and other
- li' :? Ml _ ?' '
line l uifigii x urnis. mucn new music I
never before published; tha noble old ]
tunes that thrilled the hearts of our fathers
and mothers in their youth, and one of
the plainest expositions of the principles
of music and of musical composition ever
published. It is specially suited to the
taste of the South and West, (the aut hor
is a Southern man in birth and education,
and all his affinities) and is adapted to the
Day School for children, the Singing
School, the Church Choir of every denomination,
the Missionary and Temperance
Meeting, the proud gala-days of our Republic,
and the social party, where good
sense and the. love of every thing virtuous
and noble should rule the hour.
Inquire of (ho Booksellers and Country
Merchants generally, and of GEORGE
A. GATES, CO., Augusta, Ga.
Teachers who will travel and soli this
work, can make from $500 to $1500 a
year. Address the author, Spier's Tim,
Out, Jefferson co., Ga.
.March 2k 41 1 m
JST All the South Carolina W eekiies
and Tri-Weeklies will publish tfjis Advertisement
for cmo morStn^ nnd send
their bills to the author.
Cjiaulksto.n, Jan. 25,1850.
The entire Kui'? 0f tho Governor are required
to attend him in Charleston on
Friday., th'd 22d of Feb?*uc?iy next.
i?ach Aid, residing in the Brigades
corrjing under the order of tho 22(1 inst.
will attend him at tho reviews.
By order of the Coramnntlor-in-chicf.
J. W. CANTEY.
Adjutant and Inspector General.
I.otN or RIO (JOTFEE ill
'fown. Sugar and Salt.
Almanacs 10 give away by
& li. McFALL.
Feb. 1st 1850. , '* ty.
IN TIIE COM MOM Pl.BAS
Allen Keith, assignee, } Dec. in Attach
vs. > Perry & Keith,
Joel M. Keith. ) PlfT's Att'ys.
The Plaintiff having this day filed his
Declaration in my olhco, and the Defendant
havinf? 110 WMfip. nnr AHnrm.v
0# 0 ' " *.v?v??'vy
known to be in this State on whom a co
py of this Declaration may be served.
On motion of Plaintiff's Attorney,
It is Ordered, That the Defendant do
appearand plead or demur to the said
Declaration, within one year and a day
from this date, or judgment will entered
W. L. KEITH, o. c. p.
Clerk's Oflice, )
January 1, I860. \ 38-1 y
B Jl R G A T WS
W. S. & T. P. WILLIAMS hftvo just
replenished their Stock of Goods with tho
very best assortment and the latest style
of Dry Goods, Cloths, Satinets, <fcc., Linmnm
utti, uuii uuui rtuniicrn jriumcspiins OIC.
Calicoes latest, fashions, at 6 to '26 cts.
per yard, Hlk Gloves and handkerchiefs
of superior style, lower than ever oftered
hero before, and mens Iloskin Black
Gloves, a good article, at 75cts per pair.
A fine lot of <5? hoes and Boots of every
style: Hats and Caps, from I5cts to $1.00.
Fine Hats from %I to $5,00
Groceries, Sugar and Coffee, superior
article, New-Orleans Molasses at SOcts
per gal. Iron, Nails and castings on good
terms. All of the above will be disposed
of as low or lower than they have been
sold in this market in many a day.
In exchange for Goods we will receive
Beeswax, Tallow, and Feathers at the
Come and examine for yourselves, for
we are determined to sell for small profits
and quick returns
pan. 12, '60, 34. tf.
The Tax-Collector of Pickens District
will attend at the following placcs, viz:
On Tuesday the 6th of J/arch at Jno.
Bowen's; Oth at the Trap; 7tli at Hester'^
8th at Wolf Creek; Oth Mrs. Barton's;
lltli Hurricane; 12th McKinney's; 13th
Grant's Store; 14th Oconce Station; 15th
West Union; IGlh "Whetstone; 18th C.
Poole's; 19th Bachelor's Retreat; 20th
Rockwell; 21st Win. Saunders'; 22nd
Miller's; 23d R. Gaines'; 26th Salubrity;
zuwi i icKensvuic; at l'icuons O'. ii. ori
Monday and Tuesday of Spring Court.
3/y books will then be closed; All re
turns not made by that time will bo. double
All persons are required to return all
taxable property transferred or purchased
since the hist tax return.
Road " 20 per cent.
Poor " 12^ " "
J. BOWEN, T.U.
Jan. 18, '50. 30?tf
COLUMBIA DIVISION. )
GKNK?4I Ohdkr. )
A i.i. applications for Arms and Accort
trements will in future be made to tho
Each application counter0iiigncd must
contain the actual strength of the Company,
the number and clu under of arms
and accoutrements on bo nd, nnd the number
and character of a rms -and acco utei
ments required. In no event will any,
requisition be complied with until all tho
old or useless arrr.s and accoutrement**
are returned or satisfactorily accounted
tor to one of th'e Arsenal Keepers of this
The 117 Sec. A. A. 1841 herewith
published, -will 'be rigidly enforced.
By ordev Commander-in-Chief.
J. W. CANTF ,
Adj. and Tnsp. Oen.
"Each officer required by .law to maku
any return ov report, or who slinll be ro^
quired by r^y superior officer, and fail t??
make hur,h return or report shall bo l$n*
ble to \,0 fined as follows, to wit. A Ma*
ior General, one hundred and fifty dol*a
Brigadier tJeneral, one hundred
'dollars; a Colbnel, or officer commanding
a regiment, seventy-five, dollars; a Lieu1tenant-Colonel,
Major or officer eon1 manding
a battalion, fifty dollars; a Captain,
or officer commanding a companS
twenty-five dollars; a Judge Advocate.
e..~ .i~n ?i
uu^kii, outuiiij-nvf uuuurs, u ungunu
J^dgc AUKMjJc, fifty do!lure; a Ilegimental
Judge afcvd'cate, twenty-five dollars;
a PaymastA' General, sevcrn^-f^i)
dollars; a I Jivision Vaytt^j^SSjj^a^o}'
lars; a Regimontal ^ayfehtot^V^cnty- .
five dollars; and aft c6tnnmsioned utafT
6iHcers shall be fined in sWflar sums, according
fd their respective rank, and
fifty p6r cent, on the amount of th??
last general tax o? such delinquent of
All papers in the State will copy.
_Dee 22 " 32-tf
juitiffiffe lor lToiir*elveeu
Those indebted to mo either by note
or account must call and settle or they
will have costs to pay.
j. N. LAWRKNCK,
Jan. 5, *60 tf