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??1T?? ??3?W? ' III < ?iI?
executive jlnttfllfjkrence in cali
Since the subject 6F the admission of Onlifor
niwiw a State, lias boon presented to Ooti^rost
rauchk?b?pn said a* to whom the credit of the
movement is due. Ex-Governor Brown, a rep
reftcntativu in Congress from Mississippi, assei
ted in a "tercnt ppeech in the House, that it wof
due to the present administration. This Iuve
been denied t>v T. Butter Kiiuj, in a letter pub
litthcd extensively in the whig papers. Mr,
King charges ft upon the late administration?
upon Mr. l'olk, Mr. Buchanan, and Mr Marey.
Mr. Brown has called upon the two remaining
parties living, for evidence in tho matter,
Mcs-rs. Buchanan nn<l Marcy, nmi the following
is ihrir reply:? Constitutionalist.
Wu.Ati.AND, (near 1-aucastor,) Feb. 26,1650.
Diuk (Sir:?I have this moment received
your f*vor of yesterday, enclosing a copy of the
card of Mr. T. Hutlor Ring, of the 23rd instant
which contain the following extract from tlio
proclamation of Gen. Riley.
'The method here indicated to attain what
is desired by all, vix: a more perfect political
organization, is deemed the most direct and t>afe
that can be adopted, and fully authorized by
law. Itislhe court*? advised by the President
nud by the Secretaries of State and of War of
the United States, and is calculated to avoid
the inmlnfevable evils which must necessarily
result from any attempt at illegal local legisla?;<?.
Tt ;? ?r? i I :*
? " IV wui IIH:VI> II1>: ?J>"
probation of tho pooplo of California, a<xl that
all good citizens will unite is carrying it into
You "inquire whether Gen. Riley had your
fmy] authority to issue tliat proclamation, or
to Bay that you TI] had advised the method
therein indicated for forming n State government
in California." To this question T answer
without hesitation, in the negative. My letter
to Mr. Voortrics, of the 1th October, 1848, was
carefully considered by Mr. Polk and his cabinet,
and received their unanimous approbation.
It was written chiefly for the purpose, as appears
upon its face, of inducing tlie people of
California to submit patiently to the condition
in which they had l>ccn left, until Congress
should nrovico for them a territorial government.
My partial acquaintance with Gen,
RUev is very slight, and I never had any communication
with him verbal or written, on the
subject of forming a Stato government for California.
You further request me to stato whether exPresident
Polk or ex-Secretary Maroy, oa far as
you [IJ know, authorised (Jen. Kile) to issue
that proclamation, or whether either of them
advised the course of policy therein indicated
in reference to California.
To this I answer, that to my kuowlodgc neither
Mr. l'olk nor Mr. Mnrcy ever gave such
authority or advice to Gen. Riley. If either of
them issued any instructions, or gave any advice
to him, at variance with my letter of the
7th of October, 1848,1am entirely ignorant of
it: and I do not bolievo tliev did. It is certain
thatiiiv Folk, in his animal message of the 5th
December, 1818, approved of tlist letter in
strong terms, and communicated a copy o(
Yours, very respectfully.
James Bug n an am,
Hon. A. O.Bruton.
Deak/Sih.?I have seen Mr Buchanan's letter
to you of the 26th ultimo, and assure you he
is correct in his statement of my action, as Secretary
of War, in the matter referred to. Gen.
Riley had no instructions from ine but those
contained in the public document#, and I am
uuru tiiujr umuMit'ii iiuii uu uuuiuriiy or warrant
for the part he took in regard to the civil grvummcnt
your ob't servant,
W. L. Uarcv.
Huii. A. 0. Brown.
[From the N. Y. Evening Pos/.]
A DF.RKKTKR Welcomed WITH Art>f
m ituv Wnl\e<nr'c cnonol/ uuite flirt
u/iuum, un i t if vuouvi o uuivo niv
Washington Union exactly. In its Saturday's
sheet it says:
"The politicians who lead the slave interest
were already at our mercy. We
might have insisted on tho admission ol
California without compact or condition
of any sort, :ind no more disturbance
would have followed than when we pass
a law revising the tariff. The very men
who threatened disunion, wcra afraid tc
take a single step towards their pretended
purpose; they who proposed the
Nashville Convention, could not engage
the co-operation of half a dozen states,
and were already frightened at their owr
audacity; the south itself was rising up te
rebuke disuuion; the mediated trcasor
was ucnounccdin I'lorfii ana Texas, uuc
Louisiana, and North Carolina, nnd Ken
tucky. , Tennessee, in which the Conven
tion was to be Veld, declined becoming i
party to it. The slaveholders themselves
in fear for the security of their possession
were beginning to signify their displeas
ure. We had the faction at our mercy
closely pressed and on the point of sur
rendering at discretion.
"Of the fifteen slave states, there woulc
not bd two in which the monster head o
disunion could be raised with any effect
and there would be thousands and tens
of thousands of gallant and loyal heart!
who would spring to their arms, in Liu
very states where any such attemp1
might be made, and hundreds of thou
sands in the surrounding states, who, i
need there be, wo^d follow the exam
pie. As to tltff reported threat, that tin
southern members would withdraw fron
Congress, -we consider it puerile and idle
"We doubi if there 13 n single member ir
either House, who would dare to face hi:
constituents on such grounds; and wel
we know, if any of the delegation fron
TyuiUiarm wf?rrt tftcnrnfl hom?; under sucl
circumstancos, they would receive per
mission to remain there for the remainde
of their lives, and wfntld bo consigned U
the most profound and > ilent political ob
livton. We have, however, no fear tha
nny ^fthe deligation of this state will ac
such a senseless part; for though opposet
tp most of them In politics, we are con
vincfd they hare too much judgcmen
and sound discretion, and too well understand
their duty and the sentiments of
their constituents, to follow suoh a lead.
General Taylor may rely upon the cordial
support of Louisiana, and we believe
i also on the great body of the people of
1 the entire south, in bomg supported in all
his efforts?"jxarrahhj, ' if it can he thus
..IT, . A 1 1 .. 'M.'*) !/ . r ..
t-uruwHi, anu -jorcuny u necessary?ior
maintaining ;md preserving the Union
Against the separate or united attempts of
fanatics, demagogues or factionists."
ItEOWISE COU RIEIt
Friday, Tlarrlt SO, I SAO.
With u view of accommodating our Sub
serihers who live at n distance, tlie following
gentlemen nro authorized arid requested to
net as agents in receiving and forwarding Sub
criptions to the Keowee Couiikr, viz:
Maj. W. S. Grisham, at West Union,
Edward Hcoam, Esq., " HorseShoe.
E. 1'. VKuxER, Es?j.t " Bachelor'sRetreat
M. F. Mitchki.i., Esq.. " Pickensville.
J. E. IIauowd, " Twelve Mile.
J. T. Wkbb, for Anderson District.
We conclude tins week the publication
of the Report of the Committee of investigation
on tho Branch Bank at Columbia,
and will ask our readers to give it a care- J
ful perusal as it will well repay them
The facts set forth in this report cannot
be controdictcd, and enough is brought
to light in it to satisfy any unprejudiced
mind that the Bank has failed to accomplish
the purposes of its creation.
We invite attention to the card of the
representatives of this District. We
scarcely deem it necessary to urge our
citizens to conic up to the meeting, since
we are already satisfied that the deep interest
they feel in the matters then to be
considered will prompt them to attend
en maatte. The Election District of Peudleton
will be entitled to 8 representa tives
in the Congressional convention, and
our iwm sister, Anderson, wuh Decora.!
ing modesty, having Appointed only four,
tho people of this District lmve the selection
of four otheis for a like purpose,
and to act in conjunction ?rith those of
Remember, the meeting will be held
on Tuesday of court week.
3/onday and Tuesday last, were ns
bright an as pleasant as an April day; but
on Wednesday a cold East rain brought
great coats, and blazing fires again into
demand. On Wednesday night it snowed,
covering the ground and house tops
to the depth of an inch, which lny until
some time in the day Thursdny. The
fruit is unquestionably killed, as all the
trees were in full bloom.
Accounts from Washington state that
Mr. Calhoun is again extremely low, and
, that serious fears arc entertained that he
s cannot recover.
i The trial of Dr. Webster for the mur'
der of Dr. Parkman in Boston, was commenced
on the 19th inst. The testimony
, introduced is very unfavorable to the
> ANDERSON COURT.
> The Court for Anderson District was
^ I in session this week, h;a Honor Judge
I tlT',l *
wliners presiding. we regret to state
t that .Fudge Withers has been indisposed
s for some lime, but we find that he docs
> not allow his indisposition to prevent the
" speedy transaction of business His
' chnrgc to the Grand Jury was an able
one, embracing tneir antics, ana aweiiing
] upon their obligation under their oath to
f present all violations of the law that
. might come within their view and know'
ledge, as wcjlas all matters of neglect of
^ public duly by an officer or board of
The docket at Anderson was a small
f one, and no case of importance. Court
would nrohahlv ndinuin nn Thursrlnc
> I J ?J /
t Owing to the confusion in the mails,
9 we have but littic news from this body.
1 and what we have tends rather to alarm
1 us for the safety of our Government. Mr.
Webster has declared himself in favor of
fo/lniicclAn r\f Ool!f/M-riir* uiitK %* /%?
Y DIIV OUUII9CIVII V* ' IIMIWIIIUJ Willi 11*51 |I1 CJI*
> ant boundaries, wif.h her present Consti"
tulion, and in its present shape. This, it
j; would seem leaves but little doubt as to
j the admission of that State, and the
- &cath thus by the intrigue and cunning
t of a Southern President is to be cheated
1 out of ii* just rights, nnd tiro "Wllniot I
Proviso tits worst shape is to be the or- j
der of tlijdny. Every move iu Congress I
confinnsto r. Calhouns views, that the i
South is the Afcrcy of a merciless ma- J
The S iato by a vote of 22 to 15 have 1
rdfceived w&ons pre-wnted by Seward
of New-York, against the extension of s
slavery and th<NidinUsion of any more j
slave States. Trill the South submit to i
these outrages? Till sbe be content to
remain innn Union Vhere the will of a ty- i
rant majority is to |e the supreme law of
the land? Will shebo satisfied to become ;
the degraded and/ powerless minority
with her Constitutional rights utterly d:s- : i
regarded? tWill swithout a struggle, <
yield to Northern fanaticism? Will she be
lead on to disgnu ; and ruin by the cry
rtf ??TT|II#\11- 1 La rr miAiio TTl^trtn"9 Wn I a
answered from all Tlien let her rally
round the Constitution and holding that
sacred instrument Su her hands, let this,
as it will, be her tiotto, "Union with
equal rights and a strict adherancc to the
Constitution, disunion without."
Public Meeting at Anderson C. II, 1
! ?By request, his Honor, Judge Withers
adjourned the Court for two hours to
afford the citizens an opportunity of hold
ing a public rhe'eling on the snbjcct of
the Southern Convention. The meeting
was fully attended and but one sentiment
seemed to prevail.
On motion of Maj. Harrison, Col. Nor
! ris was callrd to the chair, and G'h plain
Wilkes requested to act as secretary, ,
I The ohairruan acknowledged liis gratitude
for the honor conferred, alluded
briefly to the object of the mooting, and
! requested, some gentleman present to ex- j
j plain more at large its objects.
F. M. Norris, Esq., then offered a series
of reiblutlons, which he advocated
i in a few brief and poiotcd remarks,?the
resolutions set forth in a preamble the
critical situation of our country, and the
Union?jpproved the,late action of the
people of(^fississippi on the subject of a
Southern Convention at Nashville, and
the course taken by the Legislature of
South 0m}Hna, and rccommcndcd the
| raising of'cottimittce co. posed of two :
from each't>< at company of the District,
to nominate delegates to meet other delegates
of the Congressional District, io
elect delegates to the conventiou at Nash,
ville in June. ^
yhe mover bogged to be excused from
acting as chairman of the committeo
The committee were appointed by the
chair, and retired to make out a report.
During their absence Capt, Reed was
called for, and responded promptly?lie
expiated at large upon the state of the
Union?was pathetic, patriotic, and detenuinrdTipon
the action to be taken by
The committees returned, and report
ed the fol owing delegates for the Con
gressionnl convention at Greenville on?
day of April next, Viz: A. N. M'Fnll, J.
W. Harrison, Pr. W. Anderson, and 13.
F. 81oo>v Gen. Whilner suggested the
propriety of the meeting expressing an
opinion in reference to the appointment
,1 ?1 4a? t it. . Oi.l. - A. 1 . t -1
ui u<mi g.ucs tur iiiu oiiiu: in mrge oy mc
Legislature; when the following resolution
was offered by F. Burt, and adopted?that
we approvo of tho selection by
our Legislature, of Cheves, Elmore, Barn
well, and Hammond to represent the
State in tho Nashville Convention. A
large number of citizens were present, and
1A_ 1 - *
no man seemcu 10 oe unconcerned on
the great question which uow agitates
We fcive in another column an editorial
from the New York Evening Post, the
organ of the New York Free-soilors, devoted
to the castigatior of the unfortunate
Webster, unfortunate in having displeased
the Hqrth by a speech which did not hove
the effort of conciliating the South, for
he gave to the South too much to be
plcasijig to the on? party and too little to
satisfy,the other. To the North hftgayg;
| "whenever the Wilmot Proviso can be
applied to a territory into which slavery
I is likely' to go. I shall support it with all
my strength," and turning to the jSouth
consoles it thus, "whenever the Proviso
is to be applied to a territory into which
the decrees of Providence itself have forbidden
slavery to come, I shall not sup,
port it." In other words he holds him,
j self ready to strike the South whenever
j a blow can be made to Inke effect, tut is
iU.?ii>???ji..Bi ' ' t v.??r?o??aw??>
not disposed to insult when ho cannot injtftcj
nnd for tliid rare and merciful for.
tiearanee the hue and cr)' hius been raised
igainst bin) at home, while the Abolition
Presses pour out on the unhappy man I
Hoods of that Billingsgate in which their j
k'ocabulaiiesso singularly abound.
The Post knows that before Mr. Web*
iter's "defection," the "Southern faction"
ivas about to surrender at discretion,
California could have been admitted
"without compact or condition," or any
other abolition iniquity might have been
perpetrated, and no fear need have been
entertained of any disturbance; the craven
and cowardly leaders of the South,
deserted by their constituents and ' frightened
at their own audacity," were ready
to acquiesce in any injustice, and were
only awaiting an opportunity tamely to
submit then necks, anil the necks ol their
countrymen, to the yoke of Northern supremacy;
and the Post is exasperated because
Mr. Webster's "traitorous ret rent"
has deferred the hour of Northern tri- S
\ i o a\ i 1 *:
umpu anu nuiunt'iii munuiuuuii. i m- ;
Post is assured by the Now Orleans Bui- i
let in that "the great mass of the Southern
people were rising to rebuke the spirit
of disunion," and Gen. 7'uylor and his I
Abolition coajutors are encouraged to go
on in their iniquitous course, because^
from the opposition of the Southern people,
who preferred slavery in, to freedom
out of the Union, nothing was to be j
"O monstrous treachery! can thisl c so;
That in allegiiincc, amity and oatl.s,
Thera should bo found snoli fulso iliftsr?nil>liii(r ,
Are these men in earnest? do they
really believe what they say to bo true'?
are they so egregiously mistaken as to
suppose that the South has been or can
be frightened from her position? or may
they not rather be classed among those
foul and malignant spirits who delight in
wicked- m. s?who not in confusion, falshood
and treachery, and who shrink from
the light of the day, but whoso voices may
be heard in the midnight hours howling
to the howling storm,?spirits who in the
days of peace and prosperity wander in
by-paths or hido in holes and desert
places, but who in troubled times come
baldly out to stir up evil, and to work in
tho gloom of civil discord their works of
It is such men as the Editors of the
Post and JBulletin who have raised and
who n do the storm of fanaticism which
is raging at the North, they are tho men
who by inflaming the passions of the
populace and by misrepresenting to
them the sentiments and feelings of
the South, are tirging the blind and
infatuated multitude to acts of injustice
and oppression which will cause the
destruction of this great Confederacy
and bring upon our country all the horrors
of anarchy and civil war. In view
of thci;* course "n relation to the difficulties
growing out of the slavery question,
well may these men exclai-n with the foul
spirit in Manfred:
' I am the rider of the wind,
The ruler of tho storm,
The hurricane I left Ix-hind
la yet with iigatnmg warm.
Aye, so it is with "lightning warm,''
?but for the fury of the storm went the
South are not responsible, the responsibility
rests with those whose wicked
deeds have conjured it up, and if war is
to follow our efforts to resist oppression,
upon the heads of Northern men and upon
the heads of their children will lie the
sin of all the blood that must flow.
An English paper slates that the celebrated
Daniel Webster, the expounder of
the Constitution, is to be hung in New
York, for poisoning one Judge Parker to
T\\a Carolinian says: This reminds us
of an anecdotc told of a British nobleman,
who was introduced to Mr. Webster
when in England some years ago, "I have
never before had the pleasure-of seeing
you," (said Bull,) "but I have often seen
your spelling book."
Verily, these John Hulls are strange
Tat a.vi> Pupuixo.?A friend relates tlio fol
lowing, J>axt spring, a lady in (he country employed
'i newly imported Irish gardncr. Pat
commenced his work in the morning, ns his dinner
win sent to him at the proper time, contain
ing among other things a large sweet |M>taio
Pat ate hit* dinner and found it much to his liking,
particularly the ?>otato. lifter quitting
work at night, l5at makes his way liat in hand,
to the lady, und says: ' Indade, madnme, it wa/i
an illigant pudding you sent me for my dinner
but bo Jabcr, and how did ye put it in the tkinf*
1 '11 1- II 1 .
Washington, March 18, 18.50.
In tbc Senate, nficr the presentation of
petitions, the consideration of Mr. Clay's
resolutions was resumed, and Mr. Badgcr
addressed the Senate on the subject.
He argued that a dissolution of the
Pnion was possible in certain contingencies,
and, therefore, great care should be
taken to guard against such contingencies.
The South had a rilrlu to ask the en
forecment of the provision for the recapture
of fugitive slaves. This was a question
of right; if there was anything in
the Constitution to be relied on, it was
this. "Without the enforcement of that
provision, there could he no permanent
pacification between the North and South.
lie replied to many points in Mr. Se,-ward's
speech, and showed from the
nwijuture that, if slaverv was an evil, it
was%ot a sin.
If the sentiments of the Senator from
New York(Mr. Seward)wereJthose of the
Northern people, or anv large nortion of
thorn, this Union could not stand.
Mr. Bndger gave way to n motion to
go into Executive session, without concluding.
The Senate spent some time in Executive
session, and adjourned.
In the House of Representatives, Mr.
Bayly gave notice that ho would to'-tnorro\v
ask the House to go
into committee of the whole on the state
of the Union to tak > ut. the deficiency
in the approprintio i bill.
Mr. Boyd, of Ivy., presented the memorial
and credentials of the delegates
elect from California, and the constitution
of th it ,S'tatc; which we>e ordered to He
on the table and he printed.
Mr. Hi own, of Miss., objected to the
reception of the papers.
The Speaker ruled that it was too late;
that the papers had been received and ordered
to be printed.
On motion of Mi. Thomas, of Tenn.,
the rules were suspended, and the House
resolved itself into committee of the
whole, (Mr. Bovd, of Ivy., in the chair,)
and resumed the consideration of the
bill to admit California as a Stato into the
Mr. Williams, of Tonu., was entitled
to the floor, and spoko for an hour in discussing
the question* involved in the admission
Mr. Casey foil wed and spoke his hour.
Mr. Giddings next obtained the floor,
and made a personal reply to the recent
; speccn 01 Mr. wmtnrop. no was followed
Mi. Thurston, of Oregon, who yielded
the floor to a motion that the committee
The committee rose and t' .e Abuse adjourned.?[Baltimore
From the South Carolinian.
The Queen lias issued a proclamation,
offering a reward of forty thousand
pounds to any navigators or others who
will discover or give information which
will lead to the discovery of Sir John
Franklin or any of his party.
The French revenue is said to He fully
adequate to all the public demanu?,
without a re sort to loanso r the levvinc
of new and cxtn ordinary taxes.
France and Russia have arrived at an
understanding on the Greek question, and
are smd to bo fully united. Letters from
Toulon say that tho frencli fleet in tho
Levant has sailed for the Greek coast.
The French army is to be reduced to a
torce of tour hundred and eighty thousand
It is said that England ha* proposed
to abolish the office of Lord Lieutr- nt of
Ireland and the vice rognl court,jjitcnd
ing to manage Irish affairs through the
Affairs in Canada, and particularly tho
annexation movement, excite but little
The conduct of Lord Palmers ton in
regard to Grcece is gonerally condemned.
j Russia protests against it. It is believed
that the Czar will aid Greece against England.
T\\c London Gazette, in an articlo on
thin question, says that the Queen has
sent orders to Mn.Ita for a cessation of*
iiAcf llilinu nrrnmcf ronnA
| uwvuikivo u^uiugv v* * VV/VA.
The ahnistice between Donmark and
i tho Duchies of Schleswig-IIolstein is to
I be prolonged, which destroys the anticipated
resumption of hostilitUife between
the belligerents. It is reported that Denmark
has concluded a private treaty with
The commercial accounts from India
are of a favorable character. It is roporj
ted that nn import duty of 8 per cent
i will be imposed on cotton piece good",
i Russian troops aro about to oeeupy I
' -n 1 i i iv?i /.i!!:!. ?
j.runny ivniiin* hiuiuui w iiiiuru mutiny ui
Austrian troops to pass into Italy. Ilnynau
is raising additional troops.
Accounts from Ittnly say that tho
i J?o^e has not yet returned to Rome.
Pnkumonia.?Mortality caused by
this disease js prevailing to a coneideraj
ble extent in this District. Numerous
deaths have occurred within the past ||
; ten dim. It is likely to prove an epi- HI
demic here, as it haa dono in other parts 9
j of this 6't/ite.?Erskine Mis.