Newspaper Page Text
"I II ! ' M- I li I I'l -IH
Washington, June 3, 1850.
A message was received from the Pre?dont
of the United States in compliance
with the resolution of the Senate inquiring
in relation to the recent expedition
against Cuba, transmitting reports from
the several heads of Departments, con
taming nil the information in possession
of the Executive relative to the subject,
and suiting thnt no information ha,* been
received establishing the existence of any
revolutionary movement in the Island of
Cuba among the inhabitant" of that Island.
The correspondence discloses the
fact that repeated attempts have been
made under the direction of foreigners
enjoying the hospitality of this country,
to get up armed expeditions in the Liuled
States for tlie purpo?o of invading
Cuba, nnd showed that the Government,
had heen faithful in the discharge of its
treaty obligations with Spain and the execution
of the acts of (Congress. The
message was read and ordered to lie on
Mr. Seward presented the proceedings '
of a meeting of citizens of .Syracuse, New j
The first resolution condemns the loss
of time in the action of Congress, which j
the mee'ing considers as having resulted
from the efforts of the slaveholders in tf.e
^outli to give unreasonable and unjust;
preponderance to the interests of the lo- !
The second resolution declares that, in
the opinion of the meeting, and, as they ;
lielicve, in accordance with the universal
_ .1 _ . .1' . XT .1.
min unanimous sentiment in ?ew 1 oik,
California is entitled to ad mission into the
Union with her present constitution and
her present boundaries, without condit;on,
restriction, or limitation, and with- )
out reference to any other question now 1
The third asserts the constitutional
~r n 1 *i .
| ii j?? 11 ui in |Muiui;ii >m\ ti \ ill
the Territories of th? United States*, nnd
protests against tlio passage of any law
for the establishment of territorial governments
in New Mexico nnd Utah
which shall not contain the Wilmot PiOviso.
The fourth protests against the passage
of any law for the apprehension and surrender
of fugitives from lnhrir orservinn
which shall not recognise the right of the
writ of habeas corpus and of trial by jury
in the jS'tate nnd in the county in wh:ch
the claim is attempted to be enfo'ced.
The fifth asserts that it is the duty of j
Congress to piss laws providing for the
security of all persons, inhabitants of a
free State, whose business or inclination
leads them temporarily i..lo any of the
The sixth protests ngninst nny legislation
in Congress hv which the continuance
of slavery in the District of Columbia,
beyond the time when it-s abolition
may bo demanded by public, opinion,
or become necessary or expedient in the
judgment of Congress itself, shall bo
effected, or by which such abolition mav
be made to depend on the assent of any
adjoining State, and expresses u desire
for the removal of slavery altogether
from the national capital.
The seventh expresses anxiety ami
alarm at the attempt to induce Congress
to assent to compacts and compromises
tending to compel or restrain the action
of future Congresses.
The eighth declares that if the Oonstition
was formed upon the plan of com
promises to feelings and opinions then ex
lsting, it by no means follows that the
I -f * . VIII
isiiMu ui compromise snouiu DC perpetual
until the end of time.
Mr. Webster, by unanimous consent,
asked and obtained leare to introduce a
bill amendatory of an act respecting fugitives
from justice, and persons escaping
from the service of their masters, approved
12ih July, 1793; which was read
and ordered to be printed.
On introducing the bill, Mr. Webster
remarked that at an early period of the
c.ict1! am !?/* ? 4 * ? ? a? ?? -*' -
ov99iuii, IIU luiduu nib ui iciiuon 10 iMC
subject of preparing a bill in respect to
the reclaiming of fugitive slaves, or preparing
some ament! nents to the existing
law on that subject. lie, conferred with
many eminent members of the legal profession,
and especially with a high ju 'ici.il
authority who had more to do with
questions of this kin 1, he supposed, than
any other judge in the United jS'tates.
ylfter these consultations nnd conferences,
ho prepared a bill amendatory ot ti e
act of 1703; intending when the time
to lay it before the .Senate for consideration.
lie now desired to present it to
the senate, ns it was prepared some
linioln Kfthriinvu luet Tin
Jay il upon the table, ns it seemed to be
now altogether uncalled for.
The bill was a? follows:
A BILL amendatory of "An act respecting
fugitive# from justice, and persons
escaping from llie service of their
masters,roved February 12th, 170-3.
fif it enacted Inj the Senate and lloune
of Repreuutatives of the United State*
of America in Congrats assembled. That
the provisions f the said act shall extend
to the Territories of the United States;
and that tho commissioners who now
are, or who may hereafter be appointed
by the Circuit Court of tiie Unii<xLSlat<w,
or the District Court, where circuitcourt
are not established, or by the Territorial
Courts of the United States, nil of which
courts arc authoiised and required to appoint
one or more commissioners m each
county to tnko acknowledgments of bail
and affidavits, nnd iiIlo to take deposij
sitionsof witnesses in civil causes, and
! wlio snail eacn, or any duago 01 mc j
United States on complaint being made j
on oatli to him that a fngitivo from la- i
hor is believed to he within the State or !
Tcriitory in which he lives, issues his
warrant to the United States Marshal, or I
j to any person who shall be willing to !
' serve it. authorisingnn arrest of the fu- j
gitive, if within the .State or Territory, to
i be brought before him or some other '
| commissioner or judgo of the United
j States Court within the State or TVrri
tory, intu me ngni 01 me person ciaim:
ing the services of such fugitive may he ;
[ examined. And on the hearing, deposiI
lions duly authenticated, and paiol proof,
shall be heard to establish the identity of
the fugitive and the right of the claimant,
and nlso to show that slavery is es
tab'ished in the State from which the
fugitive absconded. And if on such lioaring
the commissioner or judge shall find
the claim to the services of the fugitive,
as asserted, sustained bv the evidence, he
shall nvike out a certificate of the material
facts proved and of his judgment
tli^rnnn wliirli lin vJvtll *;irm nnrl wliii-li
hall be conclusive of the right of the claim
ant or his agent to take the fugitive hack
to the state from whence he fled Provided,
that if the fugitive shall deny that
he owes service to the claimant unucj the
laws of the .State where he was held,
and afier being duly cautioned as to the
solemnities and consequences of an oath,
shall swear to the same, the commissioner
or judge shall forthwith summon a jury
of twelve men to try the right of the
claimant, who shall be swo:n to try the
1:..,- .? ?:.i ".i .i.?
inu?v; ii 1111i in v'YlUUIlCt'j HIKI IIIC
commissioner or judge shall preside at
triid and determine the competency of the
Skc. 2. And bt it further enacted, That
tho commissioner shall receive ten dollars
in each case tried by him, ns aforesaid,
(lie juro-s fifty cents each, and the
marshal or other person serving the process
slvdl receive five dollars for serving
the wnrrant 011 each fugitive, and for mi
| leagenncl other services thy yame as are
allowed to the marshal for similar servii
ccs, to be examined nnd allowed by the
j commissioner or judge, nnd paid by the
On Moti ?n of Mr. Gl?v, the Senate,
I as in Committee of the. Whol , resurncd
the con-adoration of the bill for the admission
of the stale of California, the establishment
of the Ter itorial Government
of Utah and New Mexico, and miking
proposals to Texas for the settlement
of of her Western nnd Northern
jfhe Vico President stated tlie ques- j
j tion to be upon the amendment proposed
: by Mr. Chase, to nn amendment submit*
! ted bv the Senator from Mississippi. (Mr.
| Davis) to the 10th section of the bill.
Mr. Soule jDf-i vc notice of his intention
; to move tiie following amendment, which
was laid on the table and ordered to be
After the word government, in tho ti
tie, insert the words .South Cul fori i i.'
j Sttike out the 1st, 2d, and 3d sections,
j and insert:
j lie it cnactcd, d~r. Thatnssoon as Oal
ifornia shall have passed in convention an
I ordinance providing that she relinquishes
all title or claim to tax, dispose of, or
in nny way interfere with the primary
disposal by the United .S'uttes of the publie
domain within her limits; thntbho will
| not interpose her nuthori y and power so
to disturb or impede nny control which
United Sta'es may deem advisable tnoxI
erei-so over fiuch districts in the mining
: ? j:
vmnri ikj?t uwovcrrti, or 10 no
discovered hereafter, as mny bo included
j in any lawful grant made to private indi|
vidmU, or to corporations, prior to the
; cession of California to the United States:
that the lands of the non-residents shall
never be taxed higher than those of resident;
that the navigable waters sholl he
' ope:( nnd free to all citizens of the. United
. .S'tatcs, those of California included; nnd
i that Iter southern limits shall Ikj rcstrie.j
ted llic Afiasouri compromise line, (30
j deg. 30 min. of North latitude;) and as
; soonns she shall have nrivlnrnrl Iftilm
j President of the United .States satisfaetoj
ry and authentic evidence that the terms
I set forth have been fully and exact lv
I complied with, tho President of the Uni|
ted Slates be, and he is hereby author,
ised and requested, without any further
' action on the part of Congress, to i"sue
his proclamation, declnnng that Califor
nia is, and she shall theupen, be admitted
into tho Union upon an equal fooling
with the original states in all respects
Sec. 2. Ju it enaclcd, tCr., That such
portions of the revenue collected in th?
[ ports of California ns may lemain nnexj
pcndcri n( tlic time of tlie issuing of the
President's proclamation ns aforesaid,
shall be paid over to the said 6tateof
Sro. 3. Be it enacted, <kc., That thr
senators and Representatives now elect
before Congress from tho said state of
California, ehnll be entitled to receive,
il lil II 111 ! ' "WB
and shall reccive, the mileage and the
per diem pay allowed to the delegate
from the Territory of Oregon, from the
day that the message of the President
transniitt'ng the constitution of California
was received by Congress.
Sec. 4. Be it enacted, <?c., That the
country lving between 30 deg. 30 min. of
North lHiitnde nnd tho boundary line between
J/exico and the United States, cst
'i Illicit.)/! I\if (iwi iKiattr nf H iniftiilitMn I
Hidalgo, and extending from the Pncitic
to the Sierra Mndre, shall constitute n
territory under the name of the territory
of south California nnd shall be organised
as such under the provisions of this
bill applying to the territory ofUtnh,
(changing names where they ought to be
changed) ?n all respccts whatsoever, nnd
shall, when ready, able, nnd willing to
become a state, and desiring to be such,
oc uunii'ieu nuo tne union wun or witnout
slavery., as the people theof may desire
or make known through their constitution.
Without taking any question, at a quar
ter past four the senate adjourned.
Watiiinoton, June 5, 1850.
Mr. Yulco moved that the Sennte take
up the messnge of the President respecting
Mr. Bradbury urged upon the Senate
the expediency of taking up his resolution
and voting on it.
Mr WoKcfni' wriu U'illSnrr 4 nlr.% ??*>
?" " yif,
the Cuhan question for discussion. lie
presumed there would be much discussion.
Mr. Yulee thought that n committee
could make a report of pome of (he fuels
presented in the voluminous message of
the President. If we waited for the documents,
the subject could not be discussed
Mr. Footc was in favor of a deliberate
discussion of the subject, ltwasnecessnr\*
llmt snmii ri>iilv ?lir>iiM ho f<-?
the views taken of the subject by the
//on. ijentleman from AAassaehusetts,
(Mr. Webster,) wben it was before the
Senate some days ago.
The motion was l;?id aside.
Mr. Bradburry again urged his molion.
Mr. Clay sriid it was evident that a
long debate would follow, and no question:
It wnsa high party topic; and was
that to b considered when the country
was iifritated bv a ouestion hr>t.w?>rtn unirm
and disunion? The Prendent would, of
course, reply to the resolution (hat ho
could not answer it without derogation of
his executive character. He hoped thu
subject would be lutd on the table.
Mr. Foote hoped the Senator from
Iowa who had the floor on the resolution
of the Senator from J/iiine, would give
?. 11 vs xr. uuiv "UUIU UU lllli:i llllim*
hie on it. lie hoped that a m ?rc imporj
tnnt question would be first disposed of.
Mr. Benton said the bill from the cornpro
.ise committee hnd been long before
the .Semite. It was a bill of forty sections.
A debate on one. rlause of one
section had occupied one month.
Injustice to California he could not
'o ?< r than this week defer the motion to
postpone the bill indifinitelv.
Mr. Kootc said it was evident thnt after
this week, the Semite must in reference to
the proceedings of the other Hou*e, determine
whether to go on with the joint
I ill or take up California hv itself.
Mr. Bradbury's resolution was laid
The /Senate took up the Adjustment
Mr. Turne.y commented on some remarks
in the "Union," respecting his vote
on the bill. He should give his vote for
tho bill, though ho should support some
Mr. Footc made some explanations in
defence of the venerable editor of the
Union, whom he highly lauded for his
patriotism nnd wisdom. Mr. Ritchie was
nobly sustained in his course by the present
Governor of Virginia, who had pronounced
this to he the proudest no tions i
j of liis life. Mr. Ritchie liad treated t)tis
j question as one above all party considerations*.
Mr. Whitcombmade sonic remarks in
vindication of bis course from the comments
of the "National Era."
After debate the, amendment of Mr.
Chase was rejected?yeas 25, nays 30.
Mr. Jefieivon Davis' amendment was
also rejected?yeas 25, navs 30.
Mr. iS\}Wf>rd moved the Wilmot vrovi
po, which was rejected?yeas 23, nays
Mr. Berrien's amendment prohibiting
the judicial 'from passing laws, either exeluding
or^Wablishing slaver)', was
agreed to. Yeas 30; nays 27.
Tho 6'cnate then adjourned.
A gentleman of Baltimore lias in his
possession ft watch which was carried by
Lord Cornwnllis at th?s time of the hattlo
of Yorktown. It in made of silver, is of
nn oval shape, and is enclosed in a wooden
ens-. It hes a very antiqe appearar^e
and though in its day was no doubt considered
"a beauty," would hardly pass
for one now. It is what is called a military
watch, and has inscribed on the inside,
'Mohn 3/ulhull, Fleet street, Fecit."
It i? about to be transmitted, through the
British Consul, to the family of Lord |
Cornwnllis in England.
Friday,' June 14, 18flO. 1
Will A viow of accommodating our Sub |
wribora who live at a distance, t)iu following i
gentlemen arc authorized and requested to
on* do n^ntWfi in fA^niuilirv nm] fni'tt'orilSntr finli .
criptions to the Kkowkk Courikr, viz:
Maj. W. 8. Orisiiam, pt West Union.
Edward 1Ii;c:iik8, Esq., " Horse Shoe.
K. P. Vkiinkr, Esq., " Bachelor's Hctrcat
M. P. Mitciiki.l, Esq.. " Picktnsvillc.
J. E. Haoowd, " Twelve Alile.
J. T. Wkrh, for Anderson District.
The position which this gentleman is
found occupying nt the present time is
certainly very unenviable; having a eonKripnri"
mndorntclv imulor. nnH wliinh.
refusing to sanction the 'higher law,"
has occasionally found utterance, as conscience
always will, in some noble words,
he is scourged at will by the ruthless and
unpitying faction, of which he is the unhappy
servant ; and while he would do
us some justic3, and vindicate his own
great name, he is forced by his masters
to become the champion of men, nnd the
instrument of ptinciplcs lie must, and
docs affect to despise.
No one, upon the lending of Mr. Webster's
great speech, could have, lor one
moment, supposed that lie would ever
have given to I he country such a Fugitive
Slave Bill us he has lately ii Dduced
in the Senate.
The man who, after reading this speech,
could have imagined Mr. Webster capable
ol so great an enormity, would have
boen*reor:irdpd n<5 J1 misfrnhln hnv
ing no faith in human virtue, nnd had lie
given words to the imaginations of his
heart, the whole country would have
cried uno voce, "slmmo on your bnse dctraction!"
For who could believe that
the man who saw so clearly the owners
constitutional right to reclaim hi.s fugitive
slave,and, who so forcibly enjoined the
strong moral obligation, which is con- :
st'intly resting on the people of free j
States, to restore these fugitives, and to j
bring tbeir purloincrs to juslico, could
ever, by any self-contro', so blunt Jus
moral senses ns to bring himself to countcnnnce,
still less to conceive, and in his^
place in the ?S'enate to introduce, n Bill
which renders the exercise of this clea**
and unmntakeahle right nn impossibility,
and which shifts the discharge of this
solemn obligation into the hands of men,
who do not recognize its existence, and
who openly and boldly avow their determination
never to regard it.
Mr. Webster said, "I tread no step
I 1 1 ft -1 _ t 1 1
uncKWHra*, i nose were nonie words,
nnd nobly were they spoken ; but, alas,
for the weakness and imperfections of humanity,
it is much easier to talk beautifully
tlmn to net firmly, "doing justice to
nil men;" and Mr Webster lias t:iken,nnd
rapidly taken, btige stride* that have
borne him buck\va*d and still farther
backward into the distance fmm his
former position, until he is almost lost in
the dim obscure.
Mr. Webster's movements have been
watched by the South with intense interest.
because he U known to be the faithful
index of the mojt rejpcctnblo and
powerful of the Free-soil party ; nnd
therefore the position he assumed in reguard
to fugitive slaves, in the speech referr
d lo, was hiiilwd by the South as an
indication of a returning sense of justice
on the part of the North, but subsequent
events have shown how fur we were mis
taken, and that, instead of hi* words be
nijr ii just <ixpnsu 01 me sentiments ot his
friends, ho had assumed a moments independence
nnd was then acting withoui
authority. His masters hnve since spa-,
ken and he lias "heard and been afraid.'*
Mr. Webster's bill may be regarded as
another clear indication of the unalterable
determination of Free-soilers, never !o
settle the3e questions until we have yielded
all they have the audacity to demand,
and to cease harrassing only when they
have deitroyed us.
NORTHERN ENTERPRISE SUPPORTED
BY SOUTHERN PATRONAGE
Wc have frequently heard men asking
such questions as these: Why is Northern
enterprise more successful than
Southern? why nro Wot thorn manufactures
superior in quality to, nnd at tha
same time cheaper than those of the
oouth? The answer is plain an ' unm!>take
bio; Northern enterprise receives not only
r ' ... I
Northern but Southern patronage;?
Northern manufactories arc supported by
the monopoly of the Southern market.
while Southern industiy receives but a
scanty support at home, and none from
abroad. Almost all the articles of com*
fort or luxury found in our houses, f?om
the humble and unpretending fu? nitu?e of
the kitchen to the rare nml ek'g?..?t orna- .. i
ment of tho drawing-room und boudoir,
are of Northern manufactory. '>5
The southern lady thrums an air from
La Somnumbula on a northern piano?
languishes in graceful attitude on a northern
sofa, sighs away whole evenings over
the insipient pages of Graham or Godey,
and makes her morning calls in carriage
built in Newark or Albany; whilo her
lliislmnil luirvni) f/.ll .i? unm-to !? ?
IVM'Mlf lO 1J ID IJ'/IVII*
em castor?luxuriates in boots put up at
No. ?, Broadway,?takes his coup from
a northern dish, and writes sonnets to his
gray-hound with an Kdwards pen on
northern paper. The very baby is learned
to stand in a northern jumper; is choked
with "yankee notions," and if she is not
poisoned by yankee quackeries and, esc-mes
to her teens, she is killed in a "'patent
Thus the north has been enriched, and
is still supported, bv draining sonthurn
wenlili, while our own resources have
been left undeveloped, our own industry
unrewarded, and our enterprises allowed
to perish for want of patronage, or to
draw out a sickly and precarious existenc>.
The south is flooded with northern papers,
many of which are strongly tine- j]
tured with socialism, and nholitionism,
and atheism, and all the foul family ot
di ^organising isnis, which, in other countries,
are poisoning the fountains of knowledge
and sopping the very foundation
of society; while the southern press i*
too often neglected.
Support southern men in their efforts
to diffuse energy among ihe people, re
ward with your patronage southern industry,
and then will tho south he able to
competo with the north, not only in her
own, but in the markets of the world?
Thon w>ll you see the south rapidly developing
her countless resources, manufactories
will spring up in the land,
bringing to its children enterprise and activity,
and ali i.iosc comforts and refinements
which arc born of industry. Our
cities will begin to teem with wealth and
population, tho traders of Europe will
come to barter in our markets, and tho
ships of our merchants will be seen on the
most distant sens.
Wo noticed, some lime since, a very
sensible article in the Carolinian, deprecating
the practice which has for a great,
while obtained among a large portion of
our wealthy citizens, of wasting their
summers and what is worse large sums
of money annually at the North. Wives
and dau?rht?>ra must drink the w!itr?
[ Sat ato /a and flirt with the young yantees
j who are to be fornd at Cape iVay, bc[
cause'lis pleasant, forsooth, and fashion;
able. Some respectable people actuallythink
it gives them 2X>sitioti to be acquainted
with the localities around Astor
Pluco, and to he able to tell you t no scandal
of Union bouup*.
To those people the Carolinian says
"staj' nt home." Aye, stay at home, and
seek health in the pure nir of our mountains,
or in the solt breezes that blow
over the isles that gem our own empyrean
seas. Is there liny *ky .?o blight and to
blue as the sky of this sunny clime? Or
any scenery , moro grand ahd beautiful
than that which God has given to the
mnnnWtinAof our land?
The bul-bul of the Peasian's Paradise
sang not mores meetly than the thousand
songsters that aro carolling all day long
in our southern forests, and the roses of
Cashmere were not more beautiful than:
V- -.tft-.-'.J- - ? ?
tuv 111 > iiuuo ui iiuncm which nrc OIOI*
soming to-day on these solitary hills.
But when these votaries of pleasure
nnMiwhion nre told tosiay at home, they
BvnwffB?aherc are no hotols in tho mou"*
tnrns. iMttno such accommodations on
the sM^mist as we find ai the North''
Forsjmftfa be *ilent. Do you expcct .
holelm&Bbc opened, O ye inhabitant cf
the m^a*e country, where there has beent
no calj2ffpr then)? Or thai Sullivan's
Island ^ufl become tho Kden it mightb?
if you, yMitlzens of Charleston, do not
Stay^ot home, then, and show a dispo
silion to patronize your own people, and
soon South CaroJ^Mk will hovo many
Gape May* and Saratogas,