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" TO THINE OWN SELF UK THUIC, ANI) IT MUST FOLLOW, A8 TIIB MOIIT TI1E !'AY, TIIOU CAN'ST NOT THEN UK KAL8K TO ANY MAN."
| VOI,. 3. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1850. NO 7
THE 1 inrr lilmsplf in 1
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TIKMAIltiS OK JUDGE BEVERLY fUCKKR.
J udge Tucker said it gave him much
pleasure to have the opportunity now of
addressing the Convention, and to rember
when ho did so before, it was
for the purpose of allaying excitement. '
It was not for one in whose veins time
had chilled the firo of youth and weaken
"cdthe force of imagination, to cnll down !
tb<?. nntilnimn of llm :
...u .miuiiva, UUK IIU WISH I
ed to speak the words of truth mid sober- |
ness, those becoming his years, lie j
rose to answer his colleague from Virgin- '
I* ia, (Mr. Gholson) .?lio had asked?in
case the compromise bill was passed,
would he" bo willing to dissolve the
Ho was prepared to answer that ques
lion; And when lie hnd answered it, his
colleague would be about ns lie was before.
His colleague wns an able lawyer,
and would hardly put such a question
into a bill. He should be willing to have
I the compromise bill r>nssod with amendments,
if they would let him amend. If
be wa.sask?d what ho would do if it passed
without amendments, the gentleman
himself could not answer tho question,
and he was not prepared to answer. It j
was because tliey saw there was danger j
....VI um >IVK >nvn tiiu OI U, mat
tlicy were there. He had not come i
here with foregone conclusions. He had I
the declaration of Virginia?that she was |
prepared at all hazards, and to the last J
extremity to resist the adoption of the
j WUmqi Proviso. The California bill I
differed from the Wilmot Proviso, as the !
man who burns down a house differs I
from the burglar. Jt would be for the j
Legislature of his State to sav wlmf. nr.- i
tion should bo taken in the Inst resort.
On that point ho was not prepared to an- i
lie hnd snid he wns prcpnred to 6pcak
moderately. If the Address reported i
had been such as was proposed by others, '
lie should havo voted for it, although he
should try to persuiide others to think as
lie did. He was not sorry the debate
had been gotten up, for each gentleman
prcsen-owed his best thoughts to the
Convention. The debate had, howover,
taken a very discuesive charcter. It hnd
brought up almost everything relating to
theso questions. Ho ropeated he was
Srcpiu uu 10 spcnK soberly.
omo had spoken as if there was danger
and apprehension of strife. IIo saw
nothing of the sort from the manifestations
hero. IIo spoke not only without
fear, but with a hope full of joy till expectation.
In his temper of mind, he was |
prepared to put away all manner of
"wrath any doubting," but unfortunately
this temper was peculiar to himself.
A senso of danger not visible, seemed to
pervade the minds of many, and ho knew
too much of the laws which govern
mind to know thf\t&uch could act properly.
lie wished to show tlio people of
tho South that they had nothing to fear.
If he saw a boy running into tho water J
pt tho sight of his own snadow, ho would |
say, slop'. tMU la not the devil. lie would
tell p, revolutionary anecdote interesting
to liim. The late J udgo Johnson said
that during the Revolutionary wnr, ho
was attracted to o company attached to
Washington's corps?a corps that always
* had plenty of fighting to do. Captain
?- " ' * *"
juumy iwk uiiiirgo oi mm, Kept Jmn on
his right, imd chnrgcd him to stay by
him. Thoy mot on ono ocoasion a party
of the enemy's drngoona about equal in
numbprs, and both sides chock full of
fight Hp found himsplf opposed to a
poor lpoking fellow mountod on a ponv,
and in tho fight, ho charged furiously
upon him at a rattling paco, expooting to
ride over him and cleave him to tho saddle.
But striking with great force, bis
fldver&ary parried the blow, a^d h?/ find
0 M.u.gi/i vii |iituiilllg UVCT
his horse's head was constrained to cling
to the mane. In his fear,expecting momentarily
to feel the blow of his antacjo-.
nist's sword uj>on his head, he tried to
draw it with iustinctive fear under the
cape of his coat, when a blow from Manly
s sword scattered tho brains of his foe,
and relieved him from the danger, lie
had ever sinco believed that men were
very incapable of proper reasoning under
tho influence of fear.
Mr. Wnlistpf for >
, vnv uuv^uu |jur|iusu
of preventing disunion, had put forth the
'raw head and bloody bones' dictum, that
session could be peaceable. Mr. Webster?for
their purposes were different,
had . ^ught to make it appear that in case
of dissolution, wars would ensue. What
did these words of Mr. "Webster's mean?
They could have no other meaning, but
fch.ltifnny portion of the South tried to
relievo itself by secession, it would be followed
by coercion on the part of the
wu?i - .1 "
.tovvui ii iiai ?vu? iiiia lh;:1 " iiiwiitiuw, u
mere frutam fulmcn. You must lay
down on your face and suffer your pocket
to be picked,or we will cut your tlnoat;
which, being interpreted, means the Compromise!
lie understood?for lie did not
read speeches now a-days, they made
him sick?that Mr. Clay and Mr. Cass,
that'Northern man with southern prin- j
ciples,' said tho snmn thing. A formidable
triumvirate! All triumvirates were
formidable! It was tho position of men
like Cjesar, Pompcy, and Crassus! Ciesarand
Pompey had Crassus to hold tho
straws whilst the game was played. Gen
oral Cass was made a cat's paw and did
nol know what lie was thero for, any
more than Lentulus did, acting for Anthony
and Augustus. Defend him from
the triumviiates?from the plans of men
coming from diflerent quarters, all for
themselves and 'the devil take the hindmost.'
There was mischief brewing;
and one of them will be 4hrust aside, and
never more be heard of. Augustus had
his provine, Anthony his. and they left
ouuivtuiiig in uiu nanus oi t lie stllkohol- j
(lor io be played for. "When rogues i
fall out, honest men conic by their own.'
What had these men n commpn? Had j
they not been vituperating each other for i
years? lie did not know what Mr. Clay I
and Webster had between them, but he
thought Mr. Clay knew why Mr. Clay j
had not been the candidate of his party
repeatedly. '"NVhile the grass grows the
steed starves." What said the prophecy
some four thousand years ngo? 'Dan
shall be a serpent by the way?he shall
bite the horse's heels so that (ho rider
shall fall backwards.' There was not on
earth a man whose heart bowed down
morn I.* - *
.v.wvi.iuuij in uiu jjicHuncc 01 iruo
greatness than his own: whilst hu nbhorred
man worship. It was natural for
a man to look \ip, to seek for something
between him and divinity?to make an
idol of almost anything! Under tho healthy
influence of this passion, we raised
our eyes to Washington. Others looked
up to some bull, Apis! Some in the political
church found it in Clay, some in
Cass, and some in Webster! In My.
Clay, he did seo something to admire,
in Gen. Cass something, about Mr. Webster?nothing.
lie could not understand
<i.? -i?u ?
r?ny uiuj' siiuutu roveronoe Ulay, but in
the 'god like'?ns they call him at the
North, he could not see anything. Even
in Jupiter Tonans, when his character
was debased by debauchery and prolligacy
he could not sco anything to command
admiration. Thoro was Cass!
When Achilles was going to the Trojan
war, he received from tho oracle what
meant one thing, or another. The Ni- j
cholson letter was such a thing! It
meant something for one side?a different
thing for anothor. lie was glad that his
friend had strickcn from tho Address
Mr. Clay's namo. for ho wnnM Knvo
nothing personal in that document.
Ho waa sorry to wear out his poor voice
in talking of theso matters. He had
said that Mr. Webster's menacc was a
mere brutam /almen/ Ho could put a
case. Suppose Florida, Georgia, South
Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and Lou- I
jsiana should form a Southern Oonfeder-1
acy? Suppose thoy, driven (.> it, should
be compelled to sccedo. Where was tho
power on earth to lift a hand against it?
Would New England? Every one knew
that her neocssities for cotton would compel
her to bo quiet.
Every body knew that, she had taken
from the South seven hundred millions ">f
dollars, and had not left it to iH!?.
8ho had realised it?had put it in factories,
ships and palaces. What bcoumo
of those, with tho cotton cutoff? Hor
marblo pnlaces would bo open for thoso
who choso to occupy them, liko thoso of
Venice, and her moronnnt princcs would
skulk in obsoure corners, livery nan in
England was interested in this question
too, and wo should liavo Ucr capitalists
I swarming over hero. The impossibility I
I of having any ro. ort to violence was j
j plain. If New England interfered, England
and all the world would cry out
stop! to enable the ?Sfouth to go on and
I ii\M!:<? ' ' 1 A
.......v. vwwvft.. n Hat wouiu coercion UoY
Could the /South ho coerced buck into
the Union? Could you get back South
Carolina, if she should go out? The attempt
would be of such suicidal folly as
was never heard of! You might as well
say, that if Orpheus had been the only
j man in the world, the women would have
I filled him. lie did not believe tlmtTonnesseo
and Kentucky would permit their
Northern neighbors to cross their territory
to attack their Southern frienes!
I The moment that 6cccssion takes placc,
the moment a breach is made, that mo[
mcnt the word Union loses its charm.
(Suppose North Carolina, on this question,
was met with an invitation to join
the Union, would she not stand by her
sister ?S(ates? lie begged leave to supV;
_ i i .1
I ,,?. ii^uiki 13 trowuca in uie
j tobacco market by Kentucky and Missouri.
Suppose such a confederacy?
that Clny could keep Kentuky, and I3cnten
Missouri. Tho Southern States
would only havejy^ make some slight
commercial coitfHsions to England to
get five or ten <!B^s knocked off of the
duty on tobacco, and Kentucky and .Missouri
could not sell a pound in the En
gnsn market. . I'cople understand these
things! But suppose tho confederacy
.embraced all the (Southern States, a country
from the Chesapeake to tho Gulf of
3/exico, and the Rocky .Mountains; and
what could she want? There would be a
homogeneous population?lies of blood,
and a harmony uninterrupted. No nation
has ever existed with so magnificent
a prospect, as would be presented by this
view of the case. What wou'd be wanting?
Anything in commerce?manufac[
tures? Virginia included coal and water-power
in abundance. What could
they want, suppose this thing done?
,.,,.,,1.1 i.~ ? 1 1
.. nviu iivuiu uu j uiiiis^ivaiiiii: one
had now to sustain herself against the
competition of nil New England, and was
crying out about the tariff. Yet she had
the Southern market. Take away the
tariff, and she goes to the markets of the
world, in opposition to New England,
and she would at once bo tho workshop
of the /South; and instead of being on the
margin and contending for the markets
with New England and New York, she
would have it all to herself. Theiewas
Ohio, Illinois and Indiana. What Ohio .
would do, he did r.ot know?she was a j
sort of nondescript. She had industry, I
skill, wealth, commerce, and all that, j
Hut when you go ashore at the 'Queen !
City,' you would think sho was imported j
from Germany. There was a littlo. nf tlm I
Irish brogue, to be sure. She had all
the elements of greatness, but she was a
problem. One of the most beautiful features
of the slavery system was that the
association of the whites and blacks had
elevated the latter. Association;* be- i
tween equals would generally elevate one i
class at the expense of the other. Our
system had made the negro pretty much
of ft gentleman! The Ohio man has noth
in^' but the hog, and he cannot make
anything of him. 7hcre v. as one thing
unto reminded him of?it was a green
and standing pool?aye, a cess pool.
lie was conscious that he had tried the
paticnco of the audience. A tired man
speaking to a tirod audience, vas like a
tired man riding a tired horse! lie had
not said a tenth part of what lie had
meant to say! lie came hero with his
! mind charged, and lie might as well attempt
to drain Lake Erie through a
goose quill as attempt to bring out all in
j his mind through his speech, lie had
i said nothinrr of r.orrmrnmisnn. hut. lm
, would say lie was sick of them. Tie had
! always lost by them, arid they had all
I come from the same quai ter. Some of
; the agitation might have been gotten up
i for the sako of the credit of pacification.
But he was too much fatigued to speak,
and would close.
The Missouri Link.?The "X" corrcs'
pondent of the Ualtimoro Sun writes:
i I have made special inquiries, and
theic is not one member from Pennsylva;
nia who will or can vote for tho Missouri
compromise; and if Pennsylvania will not
vote for it, what other Northorn State
will ? I dofy tho advocates of tho jl/issouri
lino to namo me throo Northern mem
bers, democratic or whig, who will posi|
tivcly vot for the missouri line. This is
1 the true stato of the case, ami if the Southern
ultras will mako tho .Missouri com!
promise a sine jma non?30 dog. 30 m.
j or fight?they must look round to see
I wliothor tho men who are willing to agi
: late for the lino will ulso insist on it at
j tho peril of treason.
Tho indications are, as far as we can
discord) to the J/i^guri bwfi IV ill nvt
be given, much less offered, by the
North. If the South takes less, she
would be guilty of treason?treason to
herself, to her people, and poster'ty!
The glib charge of treason is getting too
stale to produce much elfeet upon the
movements of the Southern people, and
we trust there are f'jw of them can be
frightened from the firm maintenance of
their rights by such bugbears.
Til'7 GAME OF FRUSTRATION.
The -Sew-York Ilcrul draws the following
strong picture of the effects which
would be produced on the North by the
adoption of the policy recommended by
Mr G'lingman, to the Southern minority,
in case they should be pressed to the wall
by an unscrupulous majority. Highly
colored as the picture may seem it yet is
no exag?ration?as any reflecting man
who looks at it in the right light will clear- i
With such a power in their hands, the i
use of which would be both legitimate j
and pronei under the cimmwfnnonc lim.
can Southern men delude themselves into
a belief of the powerlessness of the South
?and base their support of the "best we
can get" platform on such grounds.
We adduce this testimony from a Northern
source, to show how idle such ap- j
prehensions on the part of the really are. j
1 he Herald says*
We believe the southern members of |
Congrc. v have determined to pursue the j
course which Mr. Wilmot has indicated j
that the* minority will pursue?stopping I
legislation, and refusing to pay the appro- j
priations. Mr Clay thinks so too. As
honest journalists, it is our duty to warn '
,fn -rn.- -i -r
iiivuinvio Vll Ul 11113 UilllgtT U1
such a course. it would end in revolu- ,
tion. We will mark out a few of the rc- !
suits of such a procedure,
The millions collected by government
in specie, if looked up by not being appro- '
printed, and disbursed, for three months, |
would produce the most awful etils in 1
this great commercial city, which is the !
business heart of the Union. Derangement
in its vital functions, would carry j
commercial death to every extremity and
portion of our frame.
If Congress do not vote tho appropri- j
ations beforo they adjourn, it will break '
two-lhirdsof tho banks and canitalists in i
Wall-st. from Trinity Church to Watcr-st. ;
on both sides of the wayv It wil make
bankrupts of every leading merchant in
South-st. from the battery to the Oatharine-st.
ferry. Every American -.cock
would go down ton, twenty, thirty, or |
fifty cents on the dollar. Railroad stocks ;
could not be given away. Every citizen ,
whose bread and butter is derived from ,
the interest of such investments, would ,
be ruined and destitute. Ileal estate i
wou d fall at once. The erection of buil- j
dings, the building of ships, thcmanufac- (
taring of goods, would be all suspended,
and nearly all the laborers in this city
would be idle and out of employ. Gaunt
ruin and haccrard miserv. dressed in
Beck's brst silks nnd satins, would v<alk
about onr streets, from the Battery to
There would be 110 private carriages,
no operas, no game dinners, no omnibusaes,
no hacks, no carts, or anything of the
kind, running over Broadway and disturbing
tho pavers and people. Let the basis
of all mercantile operations?the specie?bo
locked up in tho custom house,
and tho thing is done. In a word, such a
scene of ruin and distress as would ho
brought upon the Northern Suites by the .
simple refusal of the minority in Congress j
to vote the appropriations, is beyond the j
power of any ordinary broker or block- I
head to imagine, or any poet or pen to j
pourtrav. lhe Northern (States are in a
fair vay to bring about thi t crisis, by meddling
with the Southern institutions,
Excithmknt in Texas.?The news
from Santa T'V, in relation to the return of
Major Neighbours, and the action of Ool.
Monroe, the New Mexican Commissioner,
which we publish yesterday, it appears
has created intense excitement in Texas,
as appears by the following extracts from
somo of the journals of tint &tatc. The
"JLhis intelligence lias caused considerable
excitement about Austin and tho
wholo West. Nearly every man is willing
to shoulder his gun, and demand the
rights of Texas at the cannon's mouth.
G^n. Taylor is much mistaken if ho ox
pectsTexans to submit to this injury and
nsult. We understand that Governor
Hell has made a prcmptory demand on
tho U. S. Government for tho rights of
our <Sftate, and should this have no cfFect,
he will doubtless march with volunteer
foro^9, and that portion of country which
of right belongs to us."
Tho Houston Telegraph, in publishing
?ol. Monroe's proclamation, says;
"This is but anothe of tho stealthy and
unprincipled acts of Oeu. Taylor to rob
the /Southern States of their dourest
privileges. A more open baso act of
Government tyranny has perhaps never
before been perpetrated. Texas bides her
The Galveston News, in doing likewise,
"Wc can only Buy that we arc glad the
true issue has been at last presented to
our citizens We shall now soon know
wiiPinerour citizens arc ready to meet
tliat issue anil defend their rights at all
hazards, or whether they will tamely give
up their rights at all hazards, or whether
they will tamely give up their rights xn
view of the superior power against which
we shall have to contend, in order to
The Galveston Journal, in reference to
the proclamation, says:
" ITe forbear comment until a fuither
dcvclopemcntof facts. It looks, though,
wonderfully like a part of the system of
tactics that has been adopted to extort
from Texas a sale and surrender of that
Tin-: Navvoo Tkmpi.k again Dkstuoyeo.?A
fatality seems to attend the temple
at Nauvoo. It was finished by the
Mormons in 1815, was ncarlv destroyed
by Ore in J 848, mid on lhc?UTt!i of May
a tremendous hurricane demolished the
walls, 'l'iie Icarian community of socialist!?,
under Cabot,-lmd purchased it, and
were engaged in repairing it, with a view
to fitting it up for schools,, studying and
meeting halls, and a great refectory for a
thousand persons. The surrounding
buildings were also demolished, and in
tho wash-house, where six Jcariun women
were washing, there was so sudden an inundation
from the rising creek that tho
woman had to escapc through the win
gows. i ne community arc going to undortakc
the erection of another large and
TIIE SOUTH CAROLINA DELEG A- *
We can scarccly say what we wish to
say of the conduct of tln^South Carolina
delegates to tlio coift'cntioti without reminding
thcnyihat Jthe citizens of their
state are somciimoirheld up as bugbears
to frighten timid southern politicians with.
They know how earnestly it has been
charged, by way ot reploach, that the
"/S'outh Carolina disunionist's would con
trol the convention," and will, wo hope,
pardon us for an expression of the gratification
wo felt in seeing these, imputations
so effectually dispelled bv their uction.
They have lived them all down, in
than two weeks.
They declined taking that lead in tho
proceeding which would have been conceded
to their ability as statesmen, and
m.tuned only anxious that the positions
taken should be such ns to enable South
Carolina to follow the lead of other sta'es.
There was less of a disposition on their
i r 1 * xl - 'I
jniiv m cuuuui iiiiu nnu muit man on me
part of any other delegation, and quite as
much of ii disposition to conciliate ?md
harmonize. They have entirely icvolutionized
the opinion here which suspected
them of luko-warmneas to the Union, and
have won golden opinions from all classes
for their state, their cause, and them-;
Tin: Bird and the S.vake.?Interesting
Incident.?We take the following interesting
paragraph from the Mobile Tribune'
"Two gentlemen of our acquaintance,
of unimpeachable voracity; witnessed a
a sccne the other day worth recording/
J. 11 * tjf UUOliUVU 410 lliu U13WIIIUC Ul DUIIlt
thirty feet from them very strango and
unaccountable, conduct on the part of a
bird?commonly called the "cow bird,"
resembling in color and shnpn tho mocking
bird of this region; though somewhat
smaller. Oil watching it narrowly thoy
discovered that it was engaged in a conflict
with a snake some eighteen or twenty
inches ia length. In a few moments
the bird was victorious. It suddenly
caught the snako by tho head, and flying'
with it to an old pino tree, succeeded,
after a hard struggle, in fastening it on a
pointed splinter. Thus pinioned, tho
snako wns entirely helpless. Tho bird
wAtnhcfi if. for a moment. with annarentlv
"" IT - j
the utmost compluconcy, and then contiunftd
its reprst, devouring within ten or
fifteen minutes three fourths of the length
of tho snake.
A soldier on trial for habitual drunkncss,
was addressed bp tho President:
'Prisoner, you aro prosecuted for habitual
drunkenness, what have you to plead ir?
Nothing please your honor, but an