Newspaper Page Text
J.lllll M| .>, IL, j| ' ..Hi, |,
- ? - -T -
lift showed that the ordinance passed
by the California Convention respecting
' the lands, relinquished only the vacant
lands. Aftct* having appropriated eleven
. hundred thousand acr?is for tho use of
schools, there would bo few vacant or unoccupied
tracts of land that would be
MKood for anything, after 20,000 settlers
Vyhad seized on them
At three o'clock, without concluding,
-Afri'Soulc yielded tho floor, and the bill
g was postponed till to-morrow.
After sponding some time i;i Execu
'J tive session the Senate adjourned.
nOUSE OF RKI'IIKSK.NTATIVES.
Mr. Onrter proposed a resolution which
was agreed to, instructing the Committee
on commerce to inquire into the expediency
of providing a law compelling nil
craft carrying passengers nnd navigating
the waters of the United States, or sailinjr
under the authority of the United
*SteU<33, to be prov'd d with nmplo and
jiuitabl 3 resources of cscapo to passengers
' in case of nccident by tiro or ethcrwita;
nnd further to inonircinto tho expediency
of mnking ccrtuin oustem liouso officers
j.inspectors, to carry out any law in pur
..nuance of this resolution; and that said
".committee report by bill or otherwise.
fOn motion of Mr. Inge, the rules were
suspended, and the House resolved itself'
into committee of the whole (Mr.
Richardson in the Chair) and resumed
the consideration of the Bounty Land
The discussion was of great length.
a lie committee roscau i o ciock, wiwiout
having adopted a single amendment,
and tho House adjourned.
In tho Senate, on Tuesday, the 25th
instant, Mr Soule resumed his remarks,
lie reviewed the Spanish laws regulating
*he mining interests, cotendin^ that miles
Congress specially provided with Califor,
nia respecting the rights of the united
States in those mines, upon her admission
into the Union California would have all
the rights of absolute sovereignty over
those mines and the public domains.
That California onco a sovereign State,
she had reserved to herself all the rights
of sovereignty which she had not nrevi*
ously given away. Ho maintained that
''the provisions in the bill, as reported,
were wholly inefficacious to preservo the
I rights ot the United States.
He said tho hope was held out by the
-> bill that California would hereafter mnke
- the proper cession. He then read several
; portions of the debates in the California
convention, to show that the impression
i was prevalent there that the public doll
main would be the property of tho State
\ of California,
> ' He next adverted to the question of
restricting the boundaries of California.
Hf said that he would maintain the three
following points: First, that the present
boundaries of California were extravagant
as juimpared vith those of any State admitted
into the Union since the formation
of th^constitution. Secondly, that her
present boundaries were, in the geographl
* ical sense of the term, unnatural. Third 1.
ly, tnnt tho boundaries of California were
^impolite; and that when this question
shall be removed from tho mist thrown
around it by the agitation of tho other
questions discusscd nt the present day,
. the Senate, lie thought, would see tlmt I
tondmither with suoh boundaries would
He then read from the debates in the
convohtion in California to show that the
present boundaries were adopted because,
as was said in those debates, no territory
should be left for Oonijrcsa to legislate
1I.-1 it 1 - - ? * > i ?
ujiuii, tniit uiusiuvery question snouiu oc
decided by them, and nothing further left
for ngitntion in Congress, lie said thut
the four southern districts which were opr
posed to a 8tale Government weie inolu 5
ded in those boundaries, against the will
i of the resident inhabitants, and because
they wero told that unless they did so
they would not be admitted "as a State.
He road at large from these debates, to
maintain his propositions. lie read a
statement of the area in Siinnrn milp? nf nil
the /States admitted into ihe Union, to
I show that the average nrea of each was
46,000 square miles, while the extent of
:f California, as contemplated by her prcs'
ent boundaries, was 153,000 square miles.
He read also from the debates to show
that even in tho convention in California,
(iho geographical features of tho State
,wero unshapely and inelegant. Ho read
j| ,fron? .the works of Fremont to show that
-> the country south of Sierra Nevada was
k| naturally and geographically separate
and distinct fiom the countrv north r?t it.
< }J.o read from many authorities to estab|
[ hsh the fact that south of the Sierra Nevada
the country was well adapted to
Ifq then adverted to the probable infiuWi
ence of California, with jt$ extensive limits
|ts immense population, nnd great importance
as an empire State if allowed to re
maiij as one (State, //e was opposed to
IIo pointed out tho foot that Deseret
had applied for admission as a State; that
hgr popstitution was also, adopted unanimously,
and was in point of timo seven
months prior to California. Why, then,
did gentlemen propose to admit California
w|th boundaries which included onehalf
of what was claimed by Deseret?
jfclad not pescrctan equal right to the tof
< ' !.JJ?U'jJ- ?I'
ritory with the convention of California?
He could sco no diftbrence, Yet every
day they wore urged to admit California,
but 110 ono ever heard u word said in behalf
Taking all these things, together with
the facts demonstrated during the proceedings
in California, he could not but
( nncrtivn 1 '
v uKii mew uuimuunes were iramed
for the purpose of excluding the
South from her clear, legitimate, nnd constitutional
right to an equal participation
in the Territories. Under such circumstancoa,
he could not, by his vote, consent
to any such measure.
lie then gave the history of tho compromise
line of 3G 30. It had beca originally
submitted by the North. The
South, to preservo the Union, had been
forced to submit to it. Tho south hnd
gained nothing by it, but the North had.
it was twicc subsequently renewed, once
in the ense of Texas; and again in the ease
of Oregon. Tho south lift 1 submitted to
the wrong thiee times, and yet thcic
were those who were desirous to trample
her in the dust. The south would now
unite on that line; on that point they
would be nearly unanimous. It would be
he thought, acceptable to the country.
lie did not think this bill, which excluded
the <South in a measure beyond that
which they had ever submitted to, could
I bo received with favor or nr nmvnl
lie contended that when the trenty of
Guadalupe 7/idnlgo was before the Senate,
a proposition (the Wilnoot proviso)
was made to cxcludo the South, and had
been rejected by a decided vote. From
that vote the south had been led to believe
that the old line of compromise
would ho adhered to, or else they could
have prevented the wrong by rejecting
the treaty. It was now to be seen whether
the north would adhere (o the implied
re-enactment of that compromise.
He said that with the strucrsrle in the
Senate his opposition to the hill would J
end. Ho would cary it no farther. That
while he might be conscionsof the wrongs
it curried with it, ho would leave it to bo
acted upon by the native sons of America.
lie alluded to tho feelings which
l rushed to his mind when ho reflected
[ upon nil that ho owed this country. A
few years ago his political course had
brought upon him a monrrch's frow, and
i ho had been forced to fly from home,
j country, friends, nnd family. He came
| hero a stranger and friendless; met friends
! and received all tho support, patronage,
and encouragement which ho could have
exported. lie had been honored far beyond
his merits, and now found himself
uillirtrr il-- '-? -
1. .V.I v.iv gB3 Ul mu rt-JHlUllC 111 a
Senate, of equals.
lie could never forget tho obligations
he owed this country.
In conclusion, ho said to the Senate,
that ho advised justice, justico to tho
south as the best guarantee for the perpetuity
of the Union.
Fashionable Ornaments in California.
?A letter from Sacramento City in the
Boston Traveller savs:
A grand ball took place here yesterday?said
to have been very grand indeed
?I was only an outsider. I t cost some
$20,000. I saw a back comb for a lady,
made of California irold. not. wWU
I # O 't - " *v" W"1
liants and specimens, which cost not less
than $300, got up expressly for the occasion.
This sort of extravagnnco i i
very much on a par with the ring mania
or the spur fur. ylboufc every other man
you meet wears a huge rinjj on each finger,
weighing from ono to four ounces!
I have lately seen one made expressly for
? I.J.. T A. !i !.. .1. *
u muy. x pub nut me scales; it over
weighed an ounce. In addition to the
quantities of encyc i ll bullon on hand,
many of our flash url fashionable gentlemen
wear large lun p.; and specimens, in
tho rudn state, just. s they were dug out
for breastpins and other ornaments.
Some carry about ft pound of gold in
shapes of this sort.
This spur furor describes the petty
madness of certain caballeros, who have
been having manufactured to order, steel
spurs, in aia and streaked with silver and
gold, and of prodigious weight. They
nro so heavy ns to bo clumsy as ft plow
mu * r ?
viurimv Aiiuy cosi irom $iuu to $150 pr.
Sair. If tho material were not so ponerous,
no doubt tho California ladies
would soon bo wearing golden slippers.
[ Communica ted]
Foa THE COURIER.
At nn informal meeting of the Commissioners
of Free Schools for Pickens
District, held at Pickens C. II. 2"7th Juno
1850, on tho subject of too Teachers convention
to be held in Columbia on 12th
July next, tho following resolutions were
ltear>1 W. Tlinf. wa liiivlilif -f
gin y ..IHIIVIlOUl
tho convention culled by tho Governor,
nnd believe that if the ^Teachers of the
State attend generally with a proper spin
it, the result will be favorable to the comunity
Jleaolved, That inasmuch as tho interest
of the Free Schools in this section of
country ought to bo guarded, we renucst
tho following gentlemen to attend tho
convention nnd represent specially this
class of schools and teachers, viz: Itcv.
W. McWhorter, E. R. Doyle, E. Keoso,
F.B. Ilodges, and C. H. Spears.
Tom. Free Schools, Pickens Die.
LIKE MASTER. LIKE MAN.
'Boy, who do you belong to?' wns inquired
of a dark?) the other day.
'Mr. was the response.
'Are you not sick, boy?what mukes
your eyes look so red?'
'No irmssn, me no sick.'
Don't you love n drum, boy?'
'O, yes, me lub him berry well?he
'But boy, nre you not nfrnid to drink
liquor?it will kill you, it is poison?'
Kill i me'?O, no,?JVassa been drink
him dis long time; lub him mighty well;
hnb a hole barrel in de house at one time,
lie no killa massa?be no killa nigger?
he berry good.'
On 30tu ult., by Wm. L. Keith, Esq.#
Mr. IIaiivky Hughes to Miss Emzabf.tii
O'Nkal, all of lliis District.
ho mniww.o. ?* m*9 - * ~
....s im; j usi v?mce ill I'iciicns U
H., Quarter ending 30th June, 1850, which
not taken out within three months will he pent
to the Post-OlHco Department as dead letters
Jacob Alexander | J Af Brett
Wm. Brnmblet j Robert Boon
Joel Bradley | Jns. M. Carton
James Cannon Thomas Davis
Geo. W. Dodd James I)odd
Wm. F. Fend ley A G Field
llirnm J Grogan Mary A IlolandJaines
W T Mnllnrirl T W
.. - I u ?? iiu^nvs
James Ilucjhcs Ed ward Ilonen
or E Griffin Wm, Mortin 2
Abner Marlcrtis Thomas Perry
James Robertson Olinrlcs Richards
Miss Harriet SpillcH J L 6'knnklc
Stephen Smith I '^!,y^or
Liesa Veal or H VurffiS
E. E. ALB^FNDER. P. M.
30 Juno, 1850.
SONS OF TEMPERANCE
PICKENS DIVISION, NO 21.
Members of this Division are requested
to meet hereafter on Saturday at
1 o'clock, P. M.
;iu muuiuuis site SOilCHCU 10 DO pl'Osent
at our next meeting, to assist in the
Installation of Officers elect, &c.
TRIMMIER, R. S.
WHEREAS the cause of EDUCATION
111 South-Carolina, demands all ihclight
which intelligent and experienced
minds are capable of shedding upon it,
the Governor, in puisuance of what ho.
believes to be the public wish, suggests
to the 7'eachers throughout the State, the
propriety of assembling at Columbia, on
Friday, the 12th of July, to consider the
subject of Fit eh Schools, tho preparation
at homo of Elementary and other
books for the use of our Schools, the besF
mode of insuring the progress of Educaticn,
and other kindred matters.
May 17, 52 3t
[ll. l. jeffei18,] [w. s. cothiian.]
[e. j. huckmastek.]
W A RE-H OUSE
Commission Merchants, j
Market-Street, Hamburg, S. C.-*-Waterproof
Mclntosli-Strect, Augusta, On.?Fireproof.
Tuko this method jj^informing theilr
friends and the public generally, that
th^v still continue the Warehouse and
Commission business in this place and
Augusta, Ga., where they offer their services
to Receive, Store or bell Cotton,
Flour, Bacon, <fcc., Receive and Forward
Merchandise, Buy Goods, for
PlaNtkki or Merchants.
Their Warehouse in Augusta is on
Mclntosh-slrcet, in the ccntre of the Cotton
Their Warehouse in this place Is safe
from water and isolated, therefore not
exposed to fire.
As they will bo constantly at their
post, promoting the interest of their
friends (which they nre aware will add to
their own.) They solicit and hope to
mcritand receive a full share of that lib
crai paironiige neretolorc bestowcdj and
for which they now return thanks.
Liberal cash advances will bo made
when required, on any produce in store
JEFFERS, COTIIRAN <fe Co.
Hamburg, Sept. 1st, 1849. 18
Those indebted to the subscriber can
save cost by calling and settling their
notes and accounts as longer indulgence
cannot be given.
.Inn K 'fift
All persons having demands agairist
the Estate of Nancy Ferguson late of
Pickens District dec d must hand them in
legally attested, and these indebted will
J. G. FERGUSON, Exec'r
May 60, 1860.
U MB R E LLAS.
Just received from tho Manufactory in
New York a large lot of UMRRLLLAS,
assorted sizes, no secondprojitn.
Gall and see.
P. <fe E. E. ALLEXANDER.
piokcT?*,C. H. -Vay 21 1850
\li Jl It G .1IJYJSI
The subscriber arc now receiving u
well selected assortment of
G O OD S\
UrocerioM, ISools and Shoes
HATS ami IIONNF/rS,
HV/-a4I?a? ...tit. - A *
a?iiu <i grunt# many other
Goods not usually kept in country Villages*
All of which wo will sell low for
cash or credit.
Call and examine for you.selves before
P. & K EL ALEXANDER.
Pickens C. II., JSiav 17, 1850. tf.
P. 8.?All those indebted to us befoie
the 1st January last, are requested to
P E E A:
ik equi v.
James Young and
Wife and others, I Bill for Part.,
vs. > Discov , Act. and
Win. G. Caradine, I Relief,
and others. J
It appearing to my satisfaction that
Bird Caradine, //irnm P. Caradine, Thos.
G. Caradine, Arthur Barret and wife
Mo.-.. ? 'I'l I :< -
*.???., i^c*l I \;v, X" JUIIIIII?? i IIUIMM!II (IIIU W1IU
Elizabeth Thomson, Jane Miller, John
Webster nnd wife J/argaret Webster,
Daniel 7/ull nnd wife Catharine Hull, the
heirs nt law of Nancy Itcid dee'd., who
Intennal ' ^d with 11 ugh lleid, heirs at law
of Andrew CarauIMO dee'd, defendants to
this bill, and heirs at law of Thomas Curadino
dee'd. reside from and without the
limits of this /Stale.
On motion of AVhitner & Harrison
Comp. 6'ol'rs., it is ordered that said defendants
do appear and answer or demur
to the allegations in tli? said bill of complaint
wi bin three months from the date,
hereof, or the same will be taken pro confesso
ns to them.
M. M. NOUTON, e. r. Dv
Comm'rs OHice> I
June 23, 1850. J 0?3in
Notice or not IVoticc.
My Looks for 1848 arc in the hands
of W; J. Gantt. K-q., for collection
those indebted will save cost by cashing
their accounts immediately..
8. It McFALL.
Pickens C. II., May 10, 1850. 51tf
CoillllliMSionCK'M Of Koilds.
The Commissioners of Roads for Pickens
District arc requested to meet at Pickens
C. //., on Saturday the Gth July next
nt 1vj o'clock m., to locate the lirxdge.
(The Committee having disagreed.) The
Commissioners of the 3d Regiment are
requested to meet at Six Mile Meeting
House, on the same day at 0 o'clock A.
M,. to examine the country through
which the Itoad to tlio Bridge is proposed
to pass; and thoso of the 2d Regiment
are invited to join them. It is hoped
that every member will attend, as the
matter to be decided is of the utmost importance.
Wm. C. LEE, Ch'rm. Board Com
mission era Roads for Pickens District.
JC3?r~Wo.aro authorized to announce
Mnj. J.W. Harrison as a Candidate for
re-election to the Legislature, at the next
1ST The friends of J. 13. Soutiikri.and/Esq;,
beg leave to announce him
ns a candidate for the Legislature at the
jk&~ We are authorized to ann^unco
Col. John A. Easlky, Jun., as a Candidate
for tho Legislature, at the next election;
AST Wc are authorised to announce
JVlaj. J. T. White field as a Candidate for
re-election to tho Legislature at the next
K-5?"lVc are authorized to announce
Maj.E. Alexander t?s a Candidate for
re-election to the Legislature, at the next
aro authorized to announce
Gen. F. N. Garvin as a Candidate for
tho Legislature, at tho next election,
jtifTilE friends of tho Hon, A. Ev
ins announce him as a candidate for reelection
to represent tho people of Pendleton
District in the State Senat'.
jfcSjr The frionda of Col. ft. Haoood
respectfully Announce him as n candidate
to represent the people of Pendleton District
in thQ Stat? Senate.
SOTCS or TEiHPERANCE.
Tho Ornixl Division of tho Sous of
Tomperance will holtl thoirthird Quailer*
ly Session nt Pendleton Village on tho
fourth Thirsday in July next, nt 10 o'clock
a. m , nil W P's. nttd P. W. PV. if cltc\c<l
by their several Divisions, are eligible
to seats after Initiated, it is hoped the
several persons who may be able to attend
will avail themselves of this favorable
oppoi tunitv of ioininer. It .jexnectod
to have u procession, and public nddrcsscs
and music 011 Friday. The public arw
invited to attend and sc.' and hear for
themselves; let all tvrn out.
J une 21 2 1
AIV ENTIRE! STOCK OF
IN THE NEW HOUSE ABOVE THE
POST-OFFICE AT WEST FN JON.
We are now opening a select stock of
preiiy ana gnoa uoous, amongsi wnicn
may be found Calicoes, from "low down"
up to most anv pvicc.?Muslins, a variety
of patterns*, Alpaccn; changeable Linen
Lustre; Oinglmms; Jackonet and Swiss
Muslin; Cambrick; Uobenett; Irish Linen;
green Barege; black Lace netting; Kdgings;
Laces; Silk mid Cotton Handkerchiefs;
Muslin Ties; Kihons; Cravats,
black and fancy; Drap D'Ete, Moxican
mixture; Tweeds; Kentucky Jeans; Ticking;
Umbrellas. A variety of Goods for
genllemans summer wear, <tc. <fcc.
BBo5IBEC<? "many <i otic," and some
of the prettiest*
HootS and Shoes, a large lot of all
Fashionable Hats; Mexican;
California; Panama; Leghorn; Palm Leaf;
Caps, all sorts nnd sizes,
.m. t_,i: \f...i.i /" ?
UJS 1149^1 IIIUI^V, AMUUUC1 , \J Ulilposition;
SnvtV; Soap; ?S'aleratus; "Wistms
Balsam Wild Cherry, Sands Sarsaparilla,
Dead Shot, Camphor etc, <feo.
Sii^far, Coffee, Powder, Lead,
Shot, Ginger, Pepper, Candv, &c. Ac.
Saddle* and Bridles, Martingale^
Collars, Whips, <fcc. &c.
Hardware and Cutlery, (Scytho
Blrdes, II es, Shovels, Spades, Axes,
Hammers, Chisels, Augers, Sft\ss> Cotton
and Wool Cards, Knives, a fine assortment,
Buttons, violins' &C.
Crockery Teas, Plates, Dishes,
Bowls, Tumblers, &c. etc.
To all of which wo invite inspect ion,
and if wo can't sell, malic no charge for
showing our Goods,
Wo will take ih exchange tot goods,
Dry //ides, Bees wax, Tallow, Feathers?
JFool, and Seed Cotton.
ALUAAiXlJ&li. ol JNEVil/.
Juno 7, 3 2st
W. 3. & T. P. Wli.fc.IAMS*
D?1C oil rafted by former sucoesa.
have again tilled their Shelves with a
handsome nnd carefully selected stock of
the finest, best, and cheapest
SPRING AND SUMMER
Ever offered for sale in this Market before
They have Goods to suit nil classes
nges, sexes, "and the rest of mankind.'*
For (lie Ladies.
Calicoes of ivory ?bnde nhd rtoldr, Muslins
Lawns, Silks, nnd Linens; Bonnets
and Ribbons, nnd every thing
else tbev usually call for.
IIATS, 1300TS, SIIOKS, SADDLES,
Crockery nnd Hardware.
A good supply of <l?OCCfiC8, cheap
A tine article of Sugar at 12 pounds to
the dollar, and Coffee at corresponding
All of which wo arc anxious tb dispose
of for a small profit for cash, or credit to
Cull rtnd see; Wc make 116 charge for'
showing our tioods;
Salubrity, S. C., May i V, 1850.
Is now receiving a great Variety of thef
latest and most fashionable
Ffpiirti .mtiii iP.iitrllKlt
For Gents Spring and Summer wear.
Among his assortemcnt may be founif.
a variety of
a jtr? .
fMain nnd Funcy.
A hnndflome assortment 6f ftcndy-*
made Clothing, nil of Which he will dispose
of cheap for casta
Come and examine for yojrselfcs be-"
fore purchasing elsewhere.
1 _ tf ^
The excreises of this institution trill
commcncoon the first Tuesday in .Ium>
next under the charge of Rev. tVjHianl
AfcWhorter, fate of fcrskine College.
By order of the Trustees,
8. R. McFALL, fWtB. ofT.
E. M. KBITH, Sbc'ry.
1 4t *PA