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j. .".'ii ' !.- una n? .in , i . mi- "i-nwiuiii .V" i > ??,....,.,. . ,T .,r n LiuiL.t^^grrsgMa
: " TO THINK own HKI.T DK 1 KVK, am) IT Ml'st V'OLI.OW, as the nic 11t IIIi: day, THOU C'An'sT NOT TItKN UK I'ai.sk TO any man."
VOL. ^ riCKii.XS COURT HOUSE* <C., Fit IDA Y, AUGUST 9, 1850. NO 12
fm-M..,.- - - .a. _ r r , ^ , -- ; _^=_?i_-: :? - ^ ? ? ? ? ? - - ?
fK 12 O W ? : 1.'? U Kt fi Si 35,
>RI>t::D A.fn riuLibiu.-b WICFKI-Y MT
TRIMMI llR <fc LEWIS.
\V. K. Kasley, Editor.
T SO KISS.
iVi? Dollar mi.! Fifty Cent* for one yrni's *i>b ,
itiip inn vr!ien paid within tlnho n.ohtli*, Two I
jp>!!.ir? '.f payment is delayed to thu closo of the
* All sulMoriiiiioiH not clearly /iwita/,'frill bo
f 'co.iutfered as made for an indefinite thno, and |
'eon'.inued till a dHCuntimikwfo is ordered and i
'*11 artoarnyos jmi 1.
fr: A.iierti temntt* inserted at 7?r> eent^in'r square
|1ii? Iir :i if*?.-ft inn nil.) 3*7 I ??* u fni* .??? !. !
jn'.rittod i;ui-rti<>n. Liberal deduction* niftJo '
to Ui'xo :i 1 v?.*rti>iii?* by ibe ynnr.
Mr?/" All (,'<>:it:iiuiiicntidiV< should Lc addressed
to llie Public! it* pint ;i:iid.
ai>diu:ss of c;ex. ctshixg
i' At thi: laying of tiif. couxkr
> stovf. of tiif, New Town Hall,
t' at Xi'.wri'hvpout, 7\1 vss., Jii.y
I v' .-i. uoo.
?! I'Vllow-Citi/ons: We luivo dis1
.po.Mvl of out; of tlio objects, for \vhi<h
| wr have assembled here. There re
Mains another, not local i: 1 its nature,
but as wlilc as the limits ol common
country. For wheresoever, nn tho !
continent of the Now \\ orld, the ,
starred banner of C.-ir nationality is
imfurlod?wheresoever from the At- !
IrVtiiic to the Pacific, in all tliat broad
Axp;in^c of lake and river, of mountain
and of plain wheresoever
sOrincrs up one blade of corn from
the earth, or quivers a waterfall tin[
dAr the mill, or ascends on high the
Uoke of the engine, or happv hearts
filfclter themselves under the roof
tree of home?wheresoever, 7 say,j
jk were lives and bre&thes an American, j
snail this dav be consecrated to the
HittCmoi'tes of the Declaration of Amer:
lndepenflcnce. It shall he celep;l^ited
with tumultuous jov by old
and young. It shall be celebrated
will. proud recollections of our great ,
j&n 1 wise forefathers. It shall be eel-j
Brarated with mutual congratulations
^ iview of our country's grandeur,'
Kfjgnrj uii ii auvi |n;vvCl* 11 CHltlll IJt* C'CIC*
|||j?f)!od with thanks to Alnv?rhty God
G||jfeit ho vouchsafed to make theThir-!
gjllk'n Colonies one people. Attd it
PlWi'i ho celebrated, by us, at least,
' Vyflh fervent prayers to Almighty!
'ImjiI, th'M he would continue to mike j
HHthe Thirty States one people?1
otfc qrcat, glorious, indissoluble Un-!
\ o>, fi'llow-citi'/ens, the IIi\;on is
mv theiDo. Now, when the currents '
<# : fa'se (loc.trino ere sapping the i
.fpilfldalions of the T n:on, ami the j
of perverted passion arc clash- !
' injpagu nst the pillars of the Consti- !
twti&n- now is not a lime for indulging
in the sounding generalities of a
vague an.1 wordy patriotism. Now,
j'on the contrary, it behooves us to
8 let* what lite American I In ion
;>ne for us; what it is, whether
worth tIt3 having ; and, if so,
s it to Ire preserved, in despite of
n and fanaticism whether at the
t or South> And that, I repeat,
?M|?r m-nn: una uuy.
1. M1'"hat has the Union (lohe for
Usf To' answer this question, it
iicedlto go hack to the time when,
seventy five years ago, this day broke
mvour faihors luredly amid the storms
otay&r; to follow onwtiril the course
or Wr country to the present hour;
and tfien to pause and look around
on it** present con dition.
SSpVlicn the IV.clarationof triilepohtlenre
\y< nt forth to the world, a
iropqr eonstitutiofi'al government,
h?t is, a social fabric dofihQratoly
ipnrr.fieace J from the'eOfner-sirMic of
inivtfrsal natural right, and built up I
rt all the symmetry, beauty find '
of n rwrfnM wlirtln u-'io u I
I'd unknown on efti'th, and to
mpted by us for the firil time !
history of man.
opulatioriof only two millions j
Is, scantily scattered along 1 ho .
y bell of land between the Allies
and the Atlantic ocean*
tulcd the peoplo of the United
iev. IJeyond thd mountains
vast wilderness, the lair of the
past and of the human savage. ,
Iiblic resources wore nothing, \
ie strong arms and stronger j
Which we inherited from our;
sirtis, and the spirit of inde-j
> personal lltld national, |
had been diffused among us in .
|dow of the secluded forests of
) generations only, tlmt is, two
average periods of human achave
since elapsed. Tliey
wore our prundsires. who founded
the I nited States. Hut now, where j
and what are we ? Our population
lias filled up its original scats. It has
swarmed across the Alleghanies, and
occupied with its industry, its power,
its principles, its civilization, the vast
and fertile vallev of the Mississippi.
'11 ;<> remote I?f?r> Lu M
'proved no I ai rier to it* progress. It
now stands upon the shores of the
Pacific, with expansive energies unabated,
regretful, not like Alexander
in the limits of India, that no king-!
cloms remain to be conquered, but
that no wildernesses are left to be reclaimed
by the hand of industry '
from the dominion of uncultivated j
Nor in the wrestle wiih Nature
only have we shown our manhood.
For scit nee, learning, art, have also
- 1 H ... r I 1 1 >
i ir ?.-ii up uii(i iioiinsncu under tne vivifyin.tr
influences of prosperity and
(Vtfcdo'fn: anil in all thai appertains
to material as well as moral greatness,
whether in the cultivation of the
t arlh, or in the advancement of me-j
ehnnic art, manufacture, and comnieree,
we, tiie once feeble child of
Knffla'nd. now range side by side,
'with our great parent, while tlie nations.
distanced by us in the race of
wealth and power, tra/o on our marvellous
progress with admiration and
iiwo. i>ay, we nave gone twice
through the test trial of a foreign
war. One, with Great Britain, irt
which if we pained nogreater honor,
we al least gained 1 his, of contending
(Mi equal terms and w ith equal success
aga nst the Queen of Nations ;
?.?;1 ii._ !<t. i
uiiu uiiuuici" wnn :t;c.\i(*o, m WHICH
from I\i!o Alto to (Qmpultepee,
whether under tho. lead\bf Scott or
j Taylor, wherever , the flag of'our
Union waved* it *>till waved in front
j of the fight, the labarum of victory.
And through the whole perhbd of t his
! our unparalleled growth in greatness,
we, and we alone of the nations
of Christendom, have exhibited
| the spectacle of a people to whom
I civil war is unknown, among whom
I no example exists of death for political
cause, and who have lived in uni
broken domestic tranquility under the
legis of the Constitution.
y. Is, then, the Union. tb'e source
of all these priceless blessings, worth
having? Yes, in the madness of men
to whom superabundant felicity seems
4.1 ui?:ui_-ii, >i u iiiivr ihj\v lUIIlU lO CHI*
eulatc the value of the 1 nion. 'J'hat,
1 think, surpasses our ficnlty of calculation.
\\'hcn \vc staall have passed
those glorious gates of our political
Paradise, 'which separate the
know n from the unknow n, then, like
the fallen Adam and Kve, ga'/.ing,
miserable ana repentant, where, to
bar their return,
The Tjiiinditlicil sword of G?>J before theni b'nzcil
Fierce usn comet,?
then, 1 .say, it will be for its 'to olioo.se'
liktt thcYn one new 'place of rest.1
Whore fdiail 1 lint place bo ! You,
who seek to accomplish objects lor
the attainment of which you clamorously
nntl ostentatiously avow your j
readiness td trample on thfc Bible today
and the Constitution to-morrow,
because tliey both stand in your path
?you who sel up your moral conscience
against the former, and your
v.* i .
political conscience against Hie latter
?of yon I ask what are the institutions
and what the political condition
Which yon propose to give the people
of the I rnHed States, in exchange
for our Constitution and the Union,
of which it is the charter?
That, in the overflow of ihe Constitution
and the disruption of the
Union, our national wealth is to be i
destroyed?that the production of :
those great agricultural staples, on 1
which our prosperity depends, is to
cease or at least io cease for us?that
our manufactures are to languish and
expire?that our ships are to rot unemployed?for
all this, you, in the
zeal ol your assumed philanthropy,
do not care. Hut can you expect,
can you he so blindly visionary us to
believe llmt the bonds of this Union
/ire to be rent asunder by violent
hands, and for the express purpose of
a revolutionary social change in the
relation of the white and the black
races of the country; can you pretend
to think, 1 say, that the political
equality of those races is of a sudden
to be brought about except by
force ? You know it is so; ahd the
first step, therefore, in the constitutional
ennngo for philanthopy's sake
is the organization 0 hostile Republics,
plunged at once into war, civil
war, soeml war. servile war, all that
in warfare, foreign or domestic, t here
is combined of deadly, of atrocious,
1 have endeavored to picture to
myself that Republic df Now Knglund,
to the adoption of which the
inconsidcratcness of many amon?r
us, the ^crverseness of others, and j
the criminally ambitious vanity of a :
few, are, by their ass* nits on the ;
I 1 nion, endeavoring to bring the people.
of Massachusetts. \\ e dissolve
| the I.'nion under the imnulsd of a I
i.:i- " i ? ' i i i
iiiiiui, ui;rouiKi <111(1 oiH'-smi'ti '/c;il in !
the pursuit of our own opinion. We
; dissolve it for the express purpose, as
already stated, of imposing on the
people of others of the now lTuited
States, a violent and revolutionary
change in their social relations. We
dissolve it in the spirit of fanatical
aggression and fanatical hatred against
them, and they of course are
to hate us with proportional intensi- i
ty. 1 pass over that war of crusad- :
ing philanthropisin on the one side. !
and of passionate self-defence on tlxother,
which I have already foreshadowed
as t'?'! necessary consequence
1 of disunion, under such circumstances.
\V e, of the six-striped flag of
New Kngland, shall have at length
i paused a moment in our course of
meddlesome madness to examine the j
; internal condition of Massachusetts.
When that dread day of reckoning.
; between union and disunion arrives.
1 at some chance interval of truce be,
(wwii us nun our cikmu'CS, i CI US reflect
how aivl where Massachusetts
' will stand. We po.>sef;s, we can j.o.- j
j sess, none of the groat agricultural
; staples, which fill the channels of
Wo depend on importation from
abroad for the very bread we eal.?
i Those great producing and consum- I
ing States, against which we have
been marching our armies ami sending
our fleets* in tlie cause of abolitionism,
have either been broken
down in the eottfest, andtteithcr produce
nor consume, or they have come
out of the struggle victorious and
, vindictive. In either cave, our fisheries
no longer find a market at the
South, which will have an abundant
'supply from the British Provinces.?
Our ships are excluded from the
ports ol the South by dillercntial duties,
r.nd our ship-owners have transferred
themselves and their capitals
; to the South, or to some neutral
: State. Our manufactures have no
; longer the markets of the severed
Slates, secured to them by protecj
tive duties, and they encounter a
Ruinous competition, either local or
foreign, in every port of die South
and West. And then with produo;
tive industry paralysed, with passions
inflamed hv political disasters, comes
J that crisis of domestic conflict, \vhlch,
in like circumstances l::is come on
other republics, which effaced all the
glories of learning and art in (ireece,
which ptfostrfttV-d the colossus of IJo'
man greatness, which ruined the once
' flourishing cities of mcdiojval Italy,
j that conflict between the Ilave-alls
! and the I^ack-alls, in the progress of
i which, when the demons of Party
i and of Anarchy shall have done their
! work, then over desolate fields, and
ravaged dwellings and depopulated j
cities, there gleams omnipotent, the
bloody sword of thtt Conqueror aVut
il,/> '1 \rrnnf <r? ^n?nnl.r n?w\?? va?? < I
tw yn.mi.tWH jrwi. I.m; |
I vengeance of a justly indignant Goo.
Thai will ho what we are to have in- j
i stead of llie Union. All experience
teaches it. No casuistical sophistry I
of tampering with public duly, un- ;
der pretence of a conscience above
the Bible and the Oonstitutioh, can j
avert it. Thai miserable wreck oi
our greatness will be your Now ;
England Republic. Therefore, to 1
the question, whether the Union is
worth having, 1 reply, that it is not
only to be cherished for all of good
which it gives, but.also for all of ulri- i
utterable ill vVhic- Is dissolnti'oh, for i
sucli cause, and under slich ciicum-!
stances, inevitably involves.
What then is the Union7
I reply that it is, in the first place,
the letter of the written Constitution,
defining the rights to be hold, and
stimulating the duties to bo performed
by the Federal Government, by the j
States, and to which every man owes i
lawful allegiance, and against which
i ? - -1
iiiw iiu iiiilll lliKi tmy IllOH! or
othef right to set up his individual |
conscience Ihnn he nas against the ;
municipal laws enacted l>y any one
of the States, for tlie protection of
property 01 life within its borders.
And I reply, in the second place, |
that the Union is al>ovc all the Spirit \
of the Constitution, that is, t'?e senti-!
incut of nationality, the love bfcoun-;
I... 1-- '
??y oiiguilllGIUU i/_y IJIIIII, Ity lilt* IIUS I
of domestic life, fcby community of i
historical associations, anil by the1
sense of benefits conferred and interests
prottffeted *.hd promoted by the
immortality of the Urlicti.
The Jotter of the tfconstitution is
the material body, changeable, perishable.
corruptible: the spirit of it is
lho iinniafrrinl <nnL ii'liicn
ink; the inanimate elements, the
breath of life, and makes of it a sublime
and beautiful ereaticn of immutability
and of heaven.
This, the spirit of the Constitution,
the sentiment of nationality, the feeling
mul emotion of Amerieanism, is
mo mie i n:on, uiconiy I 111011 worth
having, the only I'nion possible to
\\ h< the American wanders into
other regions of the earth, then it is
that he feels awl appreciates the true ,
vital spirit of the Constitution.?
Whether borne along by wind and
wave-, he walks the deck of his gal- ;
lant ship, as her keel cleaves the pathless
wastes of the illimitable ocean,
or he lingers amid the palaces of re- i
ligion, and art, and power, in refined
ami populous Kurope, or explores
those Oriental solitudes whose hallowed
associations are eloquent, as
it were, with voices from on high. or
inspects the antique civilization oi
the thronging millions of Asia, or
1 artakes of the daily march aiid the
nightly bivouac,an the lofty plateau
of the New World, then it is that he
feels he has a country, a country to
love, to he pruiid of, to e'efend, and
to uphold against all enemies; 'And
that country is the l.'nion. I have
tried il nnd f Ln#nv if TV*.". 1.....
* ii? iiuiiiin UH'
pine </f .Massachusetts, nor the palmetto
oi ('arolina, simboli/e to him
all there is of dear in tne memories ,
of homo, and of glorious in the name
ofcounlrv. JNo, ihe inspiration ol
hope, which no reverse can extinguish j
the impulse of courage which no dan ;
gers c:m daunt?these are identified j
in our broasts only with the stars and
stripes of the In ton.
1- 1 low then is tire Union, so dear
j to every patriotic heart, and of such |
iriesti'nmblc value to all ol us, to he ,
1 reply to this question, by stating i
how 1 think it may be destroyed;or j
, at lost how you, thp people of Massa-|
: cnuseils, it you labor diligently and i
' zealously in that view, niay'do much i
; !o promote and finally consummate
! the dissolution of the Union.
Desiring and intending to dissolve ,
the Union, you will, in the first place, i
as you have already done, knowing- I
lv, and of malice aforethought, infringe
as a Slate upoil 'express provisions
of the 'Constitution, for the ,
avowed purpose of injury to the citi- :
/ens of other States.
You will, in the second place, as you
have already dene, maintain such un
j constitutional legislation, on the
I grouhd of your conscience not per'
mittinnr will !< i?v?./>nin 'I?
... IIK; JiIJIIil("I
lions o! the Constitution, thus demonstrating
to the olheV States of.
the l/nion that no compact ofossoci- ,
at ion with you is of any avail, since !
i you in effect claim toe privilege of
disregarding the law of the land at.
i pleasure, and of being dispensed, not
by any papal authority, out by your ;
own capricious conscience, or pretence
ol conscience, from keeping
your implied engagements, or even |
your solemn express oath of fealty to
I I IV I IIIUIll
By these acts and doctrines, steadily
persevered in, you, the State of
Massachusetts, may hope to succeed
in dissolving the I nion, sb far as that I
consists of A written constitutional
Of tlit* individual citizens of Mas- j
saehusetts, each and all may do much :
to the same end, l>y exerting themselves
to kill the spirit of the Consti-1
In this aim, you will let pass un-j
improved no occasion for violent, hf?* i
bitual, systematic misrepresentation |
and denunciation of the character j
and principles of your fellow-citizens |
of oilier State?. J n order to do this)
nunc thoroughly, you will establish
ntnvrpapcs, form societieties, and
hold anniversary and other meetings,:
for the sole or c ief object of exaggerating
their faults and maligning
their motives and actions. If accufc*
mini ii iu writing or puwic .'peaking, j
you will publish boons or pamphlets,;
or peramoulate ihc country deliver- j
ing lectures, in the tame sensfe. And i
it you hold any station conferring on i
you authority as one of the religious, i
moral, or political guides of society, j
you will not fail to make \ our office
the speCiftl mcatls, as tnuch as possi-!
l)le, of dirseminatinrr snrtll nhfrwniv I
f-, I V I
and detraction. TJjuh you will Cvdtt j
tually succeed in completely aliena-1
ting from you the regard of the citi- i
zens of other States, and preparing
them to accept the (lisunibh you ten-1
dor to them, and to cimfige readily i
from the condition of your cot'iltry- j
men to that of your foreign enemies. I
But the peopleo*' 'he several States ;
ntu:t co-opcrate in uie performance
hf nnlitifnl u/Wc mliU/...* ?
- r ... ??VUM TVdllWIll \> IIM II III)
coBrmionjarovernmrnl ran exist among I
(hem. and the I'nion expires cfitsell.
r. ?mt mm jmwjjiwi?vnwifc?uTMrj<iin t.tiM?uc*ai<mgttWir m.*a<
You arc to elect ;i Con?ircss to enact,
and a President to execute, the
laws of the Inior. If you sincerely
d< sire disunion, as would appear
from the u'tsaiul language of many,
you will, accordingly, make the eleetionofa
President a merely sectional
question; and you will he careful to
vote for no person as a member of
( (ingress, unless he will previously
pledge himself to hold such opinions
and propose or support such measures
as bhall render it impossible for
him to co-operate with the members
of Congress from other Slates in the
enactment of any laws for the public
good. It one ol your representatives
in Congress dedicates himself
to the task ot embittering sectional
resisting all measures of conciliation,
peace and constitutional harmony, 1
him you will glory and mninlain. for
l\e is doing your work in furthering
the dissolution of the I "nit n. But if
one of j our representatives presumes
to speak to you of your duty as good
citizens, to appeal to your constitutional
engagements, to plead for jus
tice, moderation, wisdom, eommon
seme?him crucify, for he stands in
the way of your endeavors to dis- >
solve the I'nion.
It by all these means and applinn
n o _>wu tin 1101 accomplish your object,
you need take but one step
more, and the way i.-. sure. You violate
the Constitution. You tell the
other party to it that you do not consider
yourself hound by any engagement
you may have made with them
however deliberately in time, however
solemnly in form, Y.y perse- ,
vcring calumny of your fellow c.iti- (
/.ens, you have at length trot them to
hate you si;(licit utly. You will sulTcr
no public, functionary of yours to j
co-operate with them in the common :
councils ol the nation. \\ It n>
mains to bo done? ISnt one thing,
namely, to assure the other States
that it is not for their interest any
longer to hear with yon; and this yon
now do, in | reclaiming that yonr nltimate
purpose, your sole object, the
main object of yonr life to which yon i
stand prepared to sacrifice both tlie
Constitution and the Bible, is to
bring upon certain of the United
States a violent and revolutionary j
change ill their social condition. I
which is to constitute of itself their j
utter impoverishment, and which involves,
undeniably, and beyond all !
possible doubt, a sanguinary and de
structive war of races, fatal to one of
them, disastrous to both, and at the j
mere anticipation of which it would '
seem that every rightly constituted \
mind Would recoil with horror and
Yes, 1 say lo you, my fellow conn !
trymenofthe North, il only needs to j
satisfy the South hat you are inr r
nest in the aggressive purpose < n
iliis respect, which you avow, ii! j
for the accomplishment of which yi u !
have already taken so manv nwnn ,
.? a ry j
ratory steps, satisfy the South of this,
and you will then surely succeed in
dissolving the Uhion, for you will j
have rendered it impossible for the
South to remain in it without death
Mellow citizens, 1 have thus briefly
sketched the means by which the
Union may he dissol\ed. nnv. l?v
' *1 * V
vvlufth it is now already placed in nn
minont peril. Greatly do they err
w ho imagine thai tins or that nullification,
whether in Hartford Conventions
or Nashville Conventions, real
ly constitutes the dark cloud of danr,
which is gathering and deepen- !
in# ami lowering over the firmament
of the Union. No, the only true and
serious disunionism consists of acts of
systematic aggression of one part of
the Union against another,in violation
of both the letter av ! spirit of
rw? 1 *
ii.u vuiinuiuiHiii) iinu nit! true and
honest unionism is that, which strictly
observes the constitutional com-!
pact, and is animated by sentiments 1
of kindly support, forbearance, good
will, and conciliation towards ottrfello\V
ln< rrtbors of the I 'nion.
Nor is it by the relentless applicn1
mil. In J1I1V f?iv?n r>no/1
j fj.fvn , wi uir iim;H:
dead weight of a majority, that the 1
Union is to he preserved. We of
the North are strong in numbers, in i
votes, in physical force; is it unionism 1
to violate the letter and spirit of the j
Constitution, and thus to place the
South in the alternative of the dishonor
to ho incurred hy passive submission
to the unjust act of a majority,
or to imputed factiousness hy rc- j
sistatoeb to it/ No, that is disunion1.
In, as this day, if rightly read, may |
serve to admonish us. \\ hat is the dc-;
olaration of Independence? Wei
speak of it as the commencement of
(1,,r IF,...// I
wui >i<?itfMiuiir> ? h;iyi >? rl^ II I Hit.
nlro a solemn act of disunion, lliodc- ,
rlaration of an opprossod minority,
the Colonies-', thai 11icy "would no
longer continue united wiih an oppressive
majority, consisting of the
iest of tlie great Hritish Kmpire?
Think you thai no dear howls oj'the
common country, of religions and
political associations, were sundered
oy the Declaration of Independence?
Aye, many: for England still hore,
ni'O l < it ihn ! i * vj /?! Vm??* fV% ? ?/#?< I
I WII ?..x- *?|S ? \/| VMII H'l VlHIJIfl
the cherished appellation of homo.?
But ten year.-} ol actual or intended
unconstitutional aggression on their
rights. ten years of depreciation and
denunciation of their character and
conduct, ten years of legislative warfan;
on their interests, served to obliterate
from the minds of the minority
all impressions of nationality with
the majority, and produced that Declaration
And although England sola price
on the heads of John ilancock and
Thomas I'udnnur, as traitors, yet
they wellnrght, and they did retort,
llmt tin* n<nri uix'/xi* <1
iiiu >JUI UIIII IHJI UIL' tiff"
^rie\ed?that the violator of the pub
lie compact, not tlx* \ ictini ol' the \ iolation?that
the oppressive majority,
not the oppressed minority?\va rcspensiMt"
for the dissolution of the
union between the British colonics
and the British metropolis.
My friends, I rcpea', there is a
solemn admonition, as well as proud
recollection, lor us .'ill in this anniversary.
Are we of the State of Alussa
chusetts aifainst this I nlon or for if
If the latter, as 1 firmly believe, then
it heeomes us to cease from all these
acts which lead to disunion, as evidently
as the flowing river does to
the sea; it becomes us to desist from
wanton vituperation of our fellow
citizens of oilier States?to desist
from aguresive assnlts on their peace
?to desist from disobedience to the
organic law, in a word, faithfully to
observe and maintain hot the letter
and spirit ol the Constitution.
The living men, who uttered the
Declaration oi Independence, have
all passed away from tiin to eterni.
ty. JJut their spirits watch oyer us
from the high spheres to which 1 hey
have ascended. \\ e stand in their
presence. They shall be our witness
es, as vve solemnly renew on this
day our vows of unalteralterable attachment
to the I nion. and declare
"Malice clonic .tic, foreign levy naught"
shall prevail against it; and as to
this uwe pledge our lives, our fortunes,
an 1 our sacred honor," so help
3[r;. Iinr/vt s Tukason.?The An
gusta lirpnbli", a fcood Whig paper,
has a s.t :mg tirticle on Mr. ('lay's
denunciation of Mr. Khett. The iol.
lowing are the coin-hiding paragraps'.
u\\ ho calls Mr. Khett a traitor.' A
man who, though possessed of transcendent
abilities, and grown old in a
ion# torn) ol brilliant services to his
country, denounces the institution of
slavery as a wronjr, an evil, and a
curse?who recently said, in th<; 1. ni;
ted States Senate, he would yielil
his life before he would vote for the
extension of slavery. Who is Mr.
Ixhetif A true-hearted, noble-minded
defender of our rights and institutions?one
who has seen twelve
years1 service in Congress, and knowd
now relentless and cruel our northern
brethren have become. Mr. Rhett
nrnft>ra <liui,.?i?n 11
.v. ....u..uwu n/ uiMiuiior, mid DO
sees in ihc future the baleful fires of
ruin staring us in the face. Is lie n
traitor? A traitoi to what.' Td the
luion? not its tniq ?<p'iiil <:ono
when one portion of the States are
(1 graded and disgraced by another?
Tie a traitor! How? By contending
for the constitutional rights of the
South, his own State anion# ilicm?
lie would be a traitor, if lie was riot
anion# them. Take Mr. lihett's
speech, read it, and you will find
there a proper devotion to the Union
as it was, and ought to he. We will
furnish our readers with p ortions of
it in our next, and they will see in it
the rue ol true patriotism, ns it ought
to burn in every Southern, yea in
every American bosom.
"We admired and loved Mr. Clay.
W e were no summer friend of his.
We followed him through all fortunes
and every change of seasons. Wti
stood by him through evil as well as
good re|>or;, confiding in his justice,
and believing that he would ?tnml
by the rights of.the South. But alas!
he has turned his face to the north,
and shall we follow him at the sacrifice
of the Sputh? That we can-:
not, will not do; We would yield
Our life before we would be such a
traitor to our own section."
The Duchos^ of Montperisicr has
boon created an Infanta of Spain,
xvith all I he honors due to the rank: