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" TO Tit IKE OWN BKI.F BR TRUK, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE NI0I1T 1IIR DAY, TI10U CAN'bT NOT THEN BE FA1.BK TO ANT MAN."
VOI.. 2. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER C, 1850. NO 1?
... -S ? ,.l, . . .. ... , _ ,
rai.XTKI) AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BT
trimmer a lis wis.
\V. K. Easley, Editor.
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IMPORTANT FROM TEXAS.
Meeting of the Legislature?
Message of Gov. Bell.?By tho
arrival of the steamship Portland,
Captain Boelmer, we have Galveston
papers to the 17th, and an extra
of the "News and Journal," dated
0 1 ' '
tjuuuuy evening, uie xoiii, containing
rn account of the meeting of the
legislature, and the message of Governor
The Senate and House met and
organized on the 12th, and on the j
13th the Governor delivered his mes-1
sage. Op account of the lateness of!
the hour, wo ??u it content ourselves ]
with giving a brief statement of the !
contents of the message. The Gov- j
ernor commences by giving his reason ;
for calling an extra session of the '
.Legislature, viz: the late events at
Santa Fe. He then proceeds to inform
the legislature of the proceed- i
ings Major Neighbors, the Texan j
Commissioner to Santa Fe; the pro-,
ceedings of Colonel Munroe; his i
own proceeding after receiving Maj.
Neighbors' report, &.c., and calls at- j
tention to the unwarrantable assump- !
tion of power by the Executive J
branch of the Federal Go comment,
in'its direct interference with the mu-1
nieipal aflairs of a sovereign State.11
'1 he Governor ftocs on to say that
he ha.-, deeply, and, he trusts, maturely
reflected; that he anxiously desires
tp' take no step which will not
command the approbation of his follow-eititfens;
that the question, difficult
and embarrassing as it is, must
be mcl boldly, fearlessly, and deteriii-hccny?
not by further discussion
with, or supplication of, Federal
?Vu.. ?? ' 1
luiuuiuiV'^i uwi lunger lujiunce on
a delusive hope of justice to Texas;
bat by manly and determined action;
by the prompt assertion and practical
maintenance of the rights of Texas;
with all the means at command "at
all hazards and to the last extremity."
lie then declares his conviction
that the only coarse left to Texas
consistent with honor,and a just sense
of what is due to her, is the immediate
adoption, by the legislature, "of
filch measures as are necessary for
the occupation of Santa Fe, with a
lcnVq ample to quell the arrogant and
rebellious spirit now prevailing there,"
and "to extend and firmly establish
the jurisdiction and laws of the State
fie then says that if the adoption
and enforcement of these measures
"lead to a conflict with those who,
by Executive authority, are unlawfully
exercising tho powers of a government
' adverse to to the interns
of Texas, lie would regret the conflict
end its consequences, but would
be consoled by the reflection that
Texas had upt' sought it, but endeav
OjeJ to avert it, and that she would
"island oxoncratod before the world,
<ivcfi should tha^,conflict pbakc to the
cry centre the most glorious confederacy
upon which thx sun has ever
He then recommends the legislature
to ^'authorize 1 he Executive to
raise, wiih.a* Utile delay as possible,
with potior tQ supplyj at least two reg*
imontsof mounted volunteers for the
contemplated move u>, and occupancy
of Santa 1 i
In fif) subsequent portion of the
message, the (jovoinor calsattention
to the Compromise bill, nndsays that,
"howftVf>r willirur T#>vn? mo.v
T V\\ t j " ? V?TIM
been, jnay still be to flispo.se of a
portion ojt l?or north-western territory,
import fair, equitable ortd honorable
terms/1 he "cannot believe that
any party, respectable for its ni?nhers
or intQlljgence," would l>e willing
to.accept ?uen a proposition as that
corns in?<l jn the hill reported by tho
Compromwe Committee of th* $en<
can jwsuM in ?o precllSftl ?<>od and
will not enter on any. further on
]fa proposition had been made foun
ded upon her acknowledged rights of;
fprritArt/ nn??rtl\ft?A ft. 1? 'I '
W>>>VU>J1 iu J/UIU1UDC II Will 11C1 Ulclt
portion of it lying north of the 34th
degree of north latitude, and accompanied
with a sufficient guarantee
that the provisions of the joint resolutions
for annexation in respect to
slavery should be observed, the most
respectful consideration would have
been fjiven to it, and I risk but little
in saving, that a large majority of
our leiiow-citizena would have n et
such a proposition in the most* liberal
spirit, and with a sincere desire to accord
everything reasonable and just
that might have been asked in reference
Then follows a recommendation
that the Executive be authorized to
send to Santa Ke "a military force
sufficient to enable the civil authorities
to execute the laws of the State
in that po.-lion of the territory, without
reference to any anticipated action
of the Federal Government, or ;
regard to the military power of the !
United States, stationed at Santa
Fe." This recommendation, he'says,
ho makes with more freedom, as he
cannot conceive that such a measure
will, or ought to give rise to any disturbance
in the relations of Texas
with the Federal Government.
The foregoing abstract comprises
all that is most important in the message
of the Governor. He refers to
the Indian hostilities on the frontier,
_ . u..a -i : 1
?jui. mur? is nounng more that
tequires particular notice.
it is hardly necessary to say that,
at the time the Governor delivered
his message, the news of the passing
of Mr. Pearce's bill in the Senate,
had not been received. The news of
the engrossment of that bill was received
in Galveston on the 17th, by
the arrival of the steamer Maria
Burt. The Journal copies the bill,
but makes no comments. The News
"It is much to be regretted that
this ofl'er to Texas, (which seems to
be the ultimatum of our opponents)
should conic to us, us it uoesr vv?th a
threatening, and,^as we think, an in-1
Mining message irom tlio President,
respecting Governor Bell's letter to
him. For however ready our citizens
will always be found to listen to
a friendly and conciliatory proposition
for a sale of territory, they never car.
yield to terms accompanied with
threats of violence. These threats
would inevitably defeat all chance of
accepting by fI exas, if they should
receive the slightest endorsement bv I
Congress, and even as it is, they will
arouse a fueling of indignation thro'out
this Slate, not very easy to allay.
We will defer this message to our
*lIt will he seen that one half of the
purchase money, or five millions, is
to be held subject to the payment of
that portion of our liabilities for
Which OUT r.liatnm rAunnnao
?v/> V1IUV3 HOIV>
specially pledged. If by tl.is reservation
it is intended that those creditors
shall be paid in full principal and
interest, without regard to the general
provisions made by our own laws
for their payment, then we may an
ticipate a serious difficulty from this
discrimination. Somo of the most
meritorious of our creditors are those
who nossess no Kiirh li?n- mvl v*r?
J - - ~ ? w - * ?rv#
doubt much whether our people will
consent to relinquish the right of
paying their own debts in their own
Wo must, on account of the lateness
of the hour, defer further notice
of the news from Texas, until to
| The Right Course.?Two neI
crocs. SUnDOSf.fl to tan fnr/.livA ?lnvna
irom-Mflsowri, were arrested in Bond
county, Illinois, a few day8 since,
and committed to prison, until their
owners should have an opportunity
to appear against tlieni. They had
about $70 in their possession, and
said they came from the '*Am-Bottom,"
in Missouri. This is honest,
and in striking contrast with the
course pursued in other free States
' regard to slaves absconding from
Maryland, Virginia, &c. The IHinob
people evince a proper idea of
their constitutional duty in this matter
by such action.
[SoutI) Carolii ian.
Large crowds of southerners arc
now sojourning at the various fashionable
resorts in thia eotinity ftrtd
Henderson. Thi^ is all right?southern
people and southern tiiorcey
should stay at hotoc. u It is the best
and speediest curb for horthefrt faif
Crtteism and impertinence. \B nitcotoibc
will give tNl* a hlftr^WSWWItHP
Washington, Aug. 23, 1850.
Senate.?Tlie Indian intercourse
bill was again taken up, debated and
ordered to be engrossed.
The fugitive slave bill was again
taken ud< and, after action mum vnri
ous amendments, the question was
stated to be upon Mr. Underwood's
Mr. Chase moved to amend the
amendment by striking out a section
making the provisions of the act not
applicable to territories, so as to apply
it to States only.
A long debate ensued upon the
amfilldmnnf- in lhr> rnnrcn *-?f urKi?N
Mr. Yuleeread from ti?e New York
Journal of Commerce a report of an
amalgamation convention at Ca'/.enovia,
commenting upon its incendiary
character, and calling the attention
of the people of South to it, a* a
sample of 1 lie opinions and feelings
of the North in relation to the rights
of the South;or at least 1o acts winch
they countenanced and supported by
Mr. Dodge, of Iowa, read an act
of the State of Iowa for the purpose
of showing that her citizens entertained
no such sentiments as those
assigned to the North by Mr. Yulee,
and ventured to assert that the proceedings
and sentiments of the free
negro convention at Cazenovia would
bo repudiated by the great mass of
the people of New York.
The question being taken on Mr.
Chase's amendment, it was rejected.
fvrvvtll IU UUirUU IIH'
amendment offered by him, and
adopted in committee of the whole,
by adding- a provision making the
United States Marshall or his deputy
responsible in damages for the escane
of fugitive slaves from his custody
after they shall have been arrested;
also making him responsible
if lw? slinli fail nan
- .U UUV UUU illll^CIICU III
the evecuting of a warrant to arrcsl
The latter clause of the amendment
was adopted, and the former
yeas 23, nays 13.
Mr. Underwood's substitute was
Several minor amendments were
made to Mr. Mason's substitute,
which were concurred in.
Mr. Davis, of Miss., moved an
il.- I1 - "
auiClllllUVIlli Hie ODJOCl Ol WHICH VV'flS
to relieve the colored citizens of free
States from the operation of the laws
of Southern S a'es 1 y which such col
ored citizens, going to Southern cities,
as seamen, are imprisoned anrl liable
to bn qnld into slavery.
After some discussion between
Messrs. Davis, Hutler, Berrien, Winthrop
and Dickinson, the question
was taken upon Mr. Davis' amendment
flic bill w'ne (li/>n ?
...> ..ivii yiiltlUl IU in; Cllgrossed.
The Indian Intercourse Bill was
then read a third time and passed.
The Senate adjourned to Monday.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The Ho\ise, after the reading of
the journal, resolved itself into committee
of the whole on the state of
the Union, (Mr. Burt in the chft$r^
and resumed the consideration of 1 lie
civil and diplomatic appropriation
The proposition of Mr. Thurston,
appropriating $2T>,000for the survey
of the western coast of the United
States, under the superintendence of
ths coast survey, was voted down,
The appropriation of $110,000 for
the continuation of the eastern wing
of tk Patent Office building under
fKb rli??nA<iAr? ?
mv 14H V/IHAW11 U1 111*7 OUC'ldrtry OI (I1C
Interior, to bo p*ud of the Patent
Office Fund, as far as that fund
would b&sufiiciont, and the remain*
ner out of the general treat ury, was
Mr. Mbore proposed an amend
mont, which war voted down, that
the building : houlri too constructed
out of the cortrihorf treasury.
Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, nrcf[>oged
an amendment providing that,
>efore the application shall be made
of the appropriation, the President of
the (Jriited States sltaH appoint a
competent nersori to e*amiri?. inidW
oath*, wlidlK^r1 th# present contractors
have complied With their contract!
and that, if not, the President
sWall wifhtild'tlr^ appropriation at his
This proportion was difrenssed at
f-ome length and voted down, arid
the appropriation made without it.
Mr. Bayly under instructions of the
committee of ways and means
moved an appropriation of #150 to
compete the map of the topOjjranhv
wiiii mirrritT -rrMnrr-Trrr-WT-BTiT?Tmrnn
tion of the line under the Treaty of
Washington to enable the Topo*
graphical Engineer to complete said
Mr. Bayly explained that this was
necessary in consequence of the binning
of the maps a few years ago.
After debate the amendment was
The item appropriating $10,000 to
pay the tax on the Mint at Philadelphia
being under consideration.
Mr. Phelps moved an amendment,
Providing for the removal of the
lint from Philadelphia to New
York, provided New York do not
levy a tax on said buildings, and for
the sale of the buildings there.
The Chair ruled it out of order.
The decision was sustained; yeas i
j 91, nays not counted.
| Mr. Orr moved to strike out the
! $10,000 for the payment of the taxes
i due on the mint at Philadelphia, for
' which a judgment had been obtained.
This amendment was voted down.
Mr. Fitch moved en amendment
providing that unless the #10,000
should he refunded to the United
| States, that then and in that case
the mint shall he removed to New
The amendment to reduce the ap!
propriation was also voted down,
j The committee, at 4 o'clock rose,
j and the House adjoin ned.
i This Missouri rpstpiptinv-rftj?
of 18*20.?In the late great debate in
the U. S. Senate,repeated reference
was made to the sectional character
of the vote in Congress on the adoption
of the Missouri Compromise in
1820! Senators 011 both sides quoted
from memory ard made great mis-1
takes; none of them appear to have
looked with ony attention into that
part of the history of the transaction.
I \ * r 1 *
i vv e nave had the curiosity to hunt
up the list of yeas and nays on the
critical divisions, and think, our readers
may he interested in an analysis
of the vote.
The controversy, it will be remembered,
did not arise on the question
of admitting the Slate of Missouri into
the Union, but on the preliminary
bill authorizing the inhabitants of
the territory to form a constitution
and State Government* To that bill
an amendment was moved in the
1 llouso of llfMil'^'jnnlntivna i,i
- , _ VU) III l 11 11 <X
turc of a mandate of the now State,
! that it should in its constitution "ordain
and establish that there should
be neither slavery nor involuntary
servitude in the new State, otherwise
than in the punishment of crime,
whereof the party shall have been
duly convicted;1' which are the terms
| of the Northwestern ordinance of
1787. The chief champions of the
restriction worn Mr. John W. Taylor
of NfUV Vr?rir. Hlllt Afr. Trklin Ssoi'
geant of Pennsylvania, in the House
of Representatives, and Mr. Rufus
King of Nevv.York, in the Senate.
After a stormy debate, which convulsed
the whole country, and a multitude
of amendments and prapositions
which failed, the House of Represented
ves passed the proposed restriction,
and sent the bill containing it
to the Senate. The Senate had discussed
the same question contemporaneously,
and there, too, numerous
attempts at compromise had been
tried unavailingly. Among them
was one to settle the nufislion 1 v ro
movirir all restriction from the Missouri
hill?relinquishing all attemps
to restrict States, and dividing the
territories of the United States at 36
deg. 30 mill., prohibiting tho existence
of slavery North of the line.
All the territories South of that
lino were then rle facto slavcholding,
and declining to legislate was equivalent
to an agreement that slavery
should uot be disturbed there.
This, thoiiffh it fiiilod sfivnral times
j is what afterwards passed, and is
I now known a$ the Missouri comroI
mise. The author of the proposition
was Jesse li. Thomas, a Senator
from the Stale of Illinois. Mr. Clay
is generally reputed to he the author,
ana it is difficult to' alter that impression
in the popular mind. But Mr.
Clay has repeatedly disclaimed it,
Hid assigned it to the true source,
r. Clay supported it most qtrongly
by his in^uence and oratory in the
jjower uouse, nut it laiiecnnerc, and
first succeeded in the Senate. Mr.
Olfty's powers of leadership in the
work ol pacification wore most conspicuous
in tho next Congress, or
another controversy, arising out of;
the Missouri- case, wnrcli at that
time threatened very dangerous consequences'.
Missouri presented herself
to Congress with a constitution
which directed th* State Legislature
to pass law-s excluding fred negroes
.. f ... il. - Cl!-< - ry<L_Au
: uiju iiiMKiiuwa n mii ine tnuro
' wOT OTiWtom'fn lo k^op her out of
! the Union unless she altered this part !
of her constitution; which the free '
State members construed as an interference
with the rights of citizenship
under the constitution. It was on
(his distracting question that Mr.
Clay obtained the appointment of
his compromise committee, and reported
from that an amendment
which was so ingenious1;/ worded as
to save the point of pride with both
parties, and leave the details of the 1
question to the Judiciary.
The restrictive amendment to the
bill of 1820 was, as we have stated, I
passed in the House, and sent to the j
Senate. In that body the successful !
effort was then made to free Missouri
entirely from restriction, and to adopt 1
the line of division of .S6 30 for the |
Mr. Barbour, of Virginia?March
2d, 1820?moved to strike out the
whole proviso requiring the State to
interdict s'avery. It was carried? j
yeas 27, nays 15, as follows:
Yeas?Messrs. Pa n ot t of New 1
Hampshire, Hunter of llhode Island, :
Lanman of Connecticut, Thomas and ;
Edwards of Illinois, Barbour of Vir- >
ginia, Brown of Louisiana, Eaton of j
Tennessee, Elliot of Georgia, (Jal
liard of South Carolina, liorsey of'
| Delaware, Johnson of Kentucky,
Johson ofLousiana, King of Alabama
j Floyd of Maryland, Logan of Kcn
tueky, Leake of Mississippi, Macon
! of North Carolina, Pinkney of Maryland,
Pleasants of Virginia, Smith of
; South Carolina, Stokes of North I
I Carolina, Van Dyke of Delaware, i
j Walker of Alabama, Walker of'
I Georcria, Williams of Miasissinni. 1
j Williams ofTennesse.?*27.
Navs?Messrs. Burrill of llhodc
Island, Morrill of New Hampshire,
Otis and Mellon of Massachusetts,
Dana of Connecticut, King and Sanford
of New York, Dickerson and
Wilson of New Jersey, Lowrie and j
Roberts of Pennsylvania, Ruggles j
and Trimble of Ohio, Noble and !
Taylor of Indiana.
Absent?Tichenor and Palmer of!
It will he seem that this was a sectional
vote with the exception that
five Senators from 1 < *} States voted
for striking out the restriction. They
were Parrott, of New Hampshire;
Lanman, of Connecticut; Hunter, of
Rhode Island; the two Illinois Senators
Thomas and Edwards. The
Union then consisted of twenty-two
States, and they were equally divided
into slaveholding and non-slaveholding
After striking out the restriction in
the Senate, the compromise proviso,
as to the territories, was adopted
without division, and the hill was returned
to tho House for concurrence.
On the same day the House considered
these amendments and adop4^-1
AI i * i nil / . .
: icu mem nom. i ne nrst, sinking
! out the restriction on Missouri, was
| concurred in by a very closo vote?
yeas 90, nays 87?majority 3. We
nave no room for a full list of the
yeas and nays. The point of interest
is ?he sectional character of the
vote, and the names of the parties
who decided the question by voting i
with the South. The whole number I
of representatives from the Southern '
States voted for concurrence, with
fourteen members from non-slaveholding
States. These were Mason,
Ilill, Shaw, and Holmes, of Massachusetts;
Foot and Stevens of Connecticut;
Eddy, of Rhode Island;
BJoornfield, l.insey and Smith, of
New Jersey; Meigs and Storrs, of
New-York; Baldwin and Fullerton;
of Pennsylvania. With these exceptions
every vote from o free State
was cast against concurring, of which
the effect would have been to retain
the prohibition of slavery in the State
The closeness of the vote may be
further judged by the fact that there
weic ci^ht absentees, of whom five
were estimated to be against concurring
and three for it. The actual
majority in a full House, against imposing,
oy act of Congress, restriction
upon the admission of slavery info !
tho Slate, was only one, excluding
the Speaker, Mr. Clay, who was not
entitled to vote.
After tho restrict ion was expunged
tho Missouri compromise line was
adopted by a large majority, 13-4 to
42. Thirty-seven Southern men,
who had voted to strike out the restriction,
voted against inserting the
compromise proviso. Forty Southern
men (a majority) voted with the
North to impose the territorial restriction
North of 3G 30. Only fwe Northem
members voted in the negative.
The Indians in Texas are said to
bo very troublesome nt prcsefnt, murdering
-"irr-rrir-trr rwr -yri -Tivir'riWASHINGTON
Wo take the following frorri the
Washington correspondent of the
lJ fincl an imnression prevails that
the session can ne terminated in three
weeks from Monday next. Its unusual
lentrlh has caused manv wrv
laces among the landlords who rented
houses to members at a certain
sum for the session, instead of by the
'It is said that the present heads of
bureaus of the Navy Department
are to lake a turn at sea. so as to allow
other officers a share of shore
luxuries. A movement is also in
contemplation to exclude, by an express
law, all naval officers from any
participation in civil affairs on shore.
It will likewise be proposed that all
naval officers incapable of active service
shall retire, so that the navy
shall not become a mere refuge for
invalids. It is said that some captains,
v!?o have recently resigned on
account of ill health, had not been to
sea lor nearly twenty years.
ll see it stated that Captain Rutledge,
of South Carolina, is one of
this class. Being a wealthy man,
he had not ealled for his pay lor several
years, and just on the eve of his
resignation he received ten thousand
dollars in one sum, in addition to
eleven thousand on a previous occasion,
for doing nothing. It iaargued
that, in justice to the gallant men
who are in a condition for service,
this state of things ought to he chan
god. The late Secretary Preston issued
an order compelling officers to
ol>cy orders or resign. It was in this
way that Commander Bubier, who
was a dry-land man, was forced to
ll understand that many Senators
are determined that there shall be
110 confirmation of nominees for promotion
in the navy until the restoration
of Lieutenant Anderson. Itap
pours that about six mouths ago
Anderson applied to the late Secretary
of the Navy for a furlough,
which was refused, He subsequently
made a second application, reques
ting in case of refusal the paper to he
considered as his resignation. The
Secretary took him at his word,
whereupon Anderson desired to recall
the oaoor, but without success.*
Chattanooga ani> Nashville
Railvoad.?About llvroe hundred
Irish laborers arrived at Chattanooga
on Thursday last, to work on tne
"Chattanooga and Nashville Railroad."
They commenced their labors
about two miles from the former
place, where tho Tcnnesse River
washes the base of the Look Out
Mountain, around which it is necessary
to carry the Road. At this
place, for nearly a mile, the termination
of the Mountain on the river is
a perpendicular wall of rock, about
six hundred feet in height. Along
the base of this, an immense wall is
to be built?much of which will have
its foundation in the bed of the river,
and be carried to such a height as to
be above all freshets and dangers
irom nign waier.
This work is quite practicable, although
a very heavy job. Within a
mile, this Mountain is k2:'200 feet in
height; and wo venture to say, that
there is no place on any Railroad in
this Union that can present a scene
of equal grandeur and sublimity.
The suction, which it is said draws
so magy travellers through our
Slate Road Tunnel, will not lose its
momentum hereafter, until they arrive
at this point.
j"Extensive Robbery. ?By the arrival
yesterday of the schooner Charran,
from Chagres, which port she
left on the 31st ult., we learn from
A ?1 ? P.
lyui fv, uuii /icn.uimnuOo v^o s
tiairi, from Panama fpt* Chaff res, was
robbed ten miles ont from Panama,
on the 25th July, of *$32,000 in gold
dust, and the authorities of Panama
despatched '22 soldiers immediately
in pursuit of the robbers. They
came on them a few miles rora the
city, when a fight took place, in
which sixteen of the soldiers and six
of the robbers were killed. The
government troops did not succeed
in retaking the lost treasure. The
crovernment authorities were about
sending out a much lironger force
on the 30th, with a determination to
clear I he Isthmus of these marauders.?N
0. bulletin, 17.
Thn Emperor of Russia is superintending
the formation of the camp
at Peterhoflf, where the guards, amountin^
to 00,000 men of all arinsi
are to be eVereiscd for two niflitths.
in every military evolution.