Newspaper Page Text
ttl SSIA AND THE CAUCASIANS.
The recent arrivals from Europe
bring us further intelligence of the
Miccesses of the Caucasians against
the troops of Russia.
\\ t? nave not ai hand the annals
of the present war between Russia
and the inhabitants of the Caucasus,
so that we can Mate the length of
time for which it has lasted, but we
believe it is six or seven years, it
may be more. It appears to have
been a series of successes on the part
of that brave but semi-barbarous
people. They have successfully resisted
every attempt on the part of
the Russian to make himself master
oi their countryi and beaten him back
in almost every attack. Thousands
of the ltussion soldieiy have left
tlioir bones in the passes of the Caucasus;
vast sums have been expended
by the Russian government in
recruiting forces to be beaten, in purchasing
munitions of war to be wasted.
and in casting guns to be captured
by the mountaineers. The
Polish insurrection has been put
down;andthe Polish race reduced
to passive submission; Hungary has
been subdued, Germany overawed
by Russian arms, since (lie war with
the tribes of the Caucasus began;
and still the Asiatics maintain, at the
jKjint of the sword, the liberties of
their race against the power which
iioids ali continental 'Europe in fear.
According to the latest inlellifreuce,
the Caucasians were in the
full pi ogress of victory, and having
routed the Russian army, and enriched
themselves by its spoil, were sending
out emissaries to invite the peo
pie oi the lower country to enter into
a league witJi them. and become
independent of Russia. If the arms)
of any nation could subdue these
fierce tribes, \vn might expect that
Russia would ho su ^essiul. The
Russian army is proverbial for the
perfection of its discipline, the unqucs
lioned obedience of its soldiery, and
lis natient endurnnrn nf Imnkliiiv
No troops in llie world have more
?perhaps none so much?of that
steadiness in the f:u*e of danger,;
which is the result of mere training.
"\\ ith such troops, furnished by the
immense population of the largest
empire of Europe, from which any
diminution in their numbers is easily
and immediately supplied?with such
troops, led by able and experienced
commanders, skilled in all those
dreadful devices for destroying human
life, which are called improvements
in the art of war, under the
direction of a government the most
inflexible and persevering in its policy,
it would be natural to suppose
that a campaign against a rude and
half civilized people, whose only
arms are their musKcis and swords,
and whose only fastnesses their
mountains, would soon he ended.
It is not SO. howevor. Tim iccnn nf
1 his contest, thus tar, lias shown the
superiority, in certain situations at
least, of that valor which is the result
of feeling, to that which is mere- (
ly the result of discipline. The llus- (
sians have foup-ht mechanically, tlie (
Caucasians with spirit; the Russians
have fought as a matter of habitual
obcdience to command; the Caucasi- ,
ans as if each man felt that the independence
of his country depended
on his single arm. In the last eniracre
ment of which \vc have accounts, the
mountaineers, l)ing in . mbush, and ,
almost destitute of ammunition, leap- j
ed with their drawn swords among
the enemy, and fighting hand, like
the combatants in the battles of Homer,
cut the Russian army in pieces.
It is impossible not to feel a strong
interest in a people which has, with
such g?' llantry and constancy, main
liunuu us independence?a people
which, though dwelling in Asia, is of
near kindred with the people of civilized
Europe. We speak of the
Caucasian countenance and figure as
a sort of archetype?proof impres.
sions? of Human beauty; in what
we call the Caucasian physiognomy,
we fancy we perceive the external
signs of the largest intellectual capncity,
and we love to speak of ourselfs
as belonging to the Caucasian race.
We cannot witness the heroic strug-!
gle which these untameable mountaineers
are making to preserve their
independence against the colossal
power of Russia without (eeling some
pride in the relationship.
We should he glad to hope that
the Russian government might yet
grow weary of this unsuccessful contest,
and, withdrawing lis forces, allow
ihe Caucasians (o govern themselves
in their own way, and to cultivate
the arts of peace. However
mu men government might be, it
could not he worse than the depotism
of Russia; and such is the high spirit
of their nature, that in all probability
their institutions would be far more
favorable to personal liberty. So
long as the y remain in a state of warfare,
their imperfect civilization must
continue; so long must they have
few arts and few wants; and it is only
by long years of peace that they
could rise to 11,1 at position among na*
natiohs, which their natural capacity
qualifies them lp attain- . ,
We are not certain, however, that
Russia will ever desist from harassing
them with hostilities. The drain
j which these annually make upon her
population is supplied without difficulty,
and it may he that her government
looks upon the war as a convenient
method of training her generals,
keeping her troops in order, and acriKloniinrr
(Imm in ?/>nno? n! /lsninroi'
[Philadelphia North American.
K KO WE K COURIER
| Friday, Sept. 0, 185?.
With a viow of accommodating our Su
scribers who live at i\ distance, the following
; gentlemen are authorized and requested to ,
! net as agents in receiving and forwarding Sub
' criptons to the Iyeowke Oourikr, viz:
Mu. W. S. Grisjiam, at West Union.
Kuwako Huoiik*. Esn.. " Horse Shoe.
Iv P. V KiisKn, UsM., " Rnchclur'n Retreat
M. F. Mitchell, Kshj.. " PickeuBvityf.
J. 12. ll.uioon, " Twelve ilile.
J.T. Weiui. for Anderson District.
The Texas Legislature.?This!
body, which is now in session, is said
lo have received Governor Bell's j
ATnccnrr.! n svimncic nl \t;n
give on another page, with much enthusiasm.
The Governor say. "the time for
argument and expostulation has past
anil that nothing will now satisfy
Texas but the complete subjugation
to her authority of the four disaffected
Counties," and this seems to be
as far as we can judge from indications
which have romp undnr mir nh
sol vation, the popular feeling on the
IIow Mr. Pearco's Bill will be received
we are unable to say, we are
disposed to think, however, that its
reception will not be very favorable,'
though the fact that it has received
the support of Senators Rusk and
Houston would seem to induce a different
The ljorislaturc has made provision
for raising and keeping in the !
field five regiments, which Governor
Hell will lead in person to the clebat
table lands. j
The Late Storm.?From all'
quarters we hear accounts of the disasters
occasioned by the violent wind
and rain of '21th ult. As far South
as Texas and as far North as Canada i
j the storm, coming, in different locali-'
ties from different points of the com-!
j)ass, appears to have raged with
great violence, and the shipping on the !
Atlantic coast has suffered greatly.
NEW POST ROUTES.
I - -- ----- - ,
The House lias passed the Bill i
14ito establish certain Post Road/ in
the United States,11 which will doubt-,
loss pass the Senate in a few days, j
In the second Congressional Dis-!
trict of South Carolina the following'
new Post routes are established:
1st. From Newberry C. II., via [
Keynosa, Huntington, Cross Anchor, j
Woodruffs, and Pleasant Grove, to ,
Mevrittsvillc in the District of Greenville.
2. From Laurens C. II., via North |
Crcrk, Milton, Spring Grove, Cross j
Hill, Waterloo, Mount Gallayher, |
Brewerton, Simpsons Mills. Tumb.
ng Shoals, lleaberns1 Creek back to j
Laurens C. II.
3. From Pickens G. IT., via Clay-1
tons' Mills, Salubrity, Pickensville, j
Wolf Crock, James Hughes, to Pick- i
| ens C. If.
1. From Pickens C II., via Robert
Stewarts, Andersons1 Mills, and
J. Nix's 011 Eastatoe, to Pickens C. !
5. From Anderson to Athens, Geo.
G. From Dysons' Mills, by Greenwood,
Dead-fall, Cokesbury, and
Mount Hill, to Anderson, S. C.
Professor Webster was hung at
Boston on the 30th tilt. He dird
penitently and without a struggle,!
| and is said to hav made no further
n otTces .
The Edinburgh Review for July j
! and Blackwood's Magazine for AuI
gust have been received from Leonard
Scott & Co., N* Y.
! -\x/~ i ^ ? ?
I nuvu on our lauie ooaey s
Lady's Book, for October, which is
quite an interesting number.
The School Fellow.?The August
number of this interesting Httie
Magazine has been received from
! Walker & Richards, Charleston.
Tli* Pni mpr Rj PInr?U?r.
~ *?v* y L/|#^VI?I
bo,r number, from Seaborn & Gil
j man, Pendleton, S. C. has been reJ
reived, and though we are not deeply
versed in matters pertaining either
to practical or scientific farming,
! yet we are assured by 'one who
1 knows.' ihrit tli<> nrpspnt nnmhor n I
very superior one.
The Bruiser, is a facetious paper
' just getting under way at Atlanta,
(iaM ami purporting to be edited by I
Sam Slick. One has only to glance !
atlhe contents of this sheet to see
I hat its Slick is no relation of the j
Slick of Slirkville.
AtlTllln'c HaMV f i A FfHTL' Tliisi I
is a large and beautiful sheet just
' started in Philadelphia, by that popular
writer, T. S. Arthur. The
Home Gazette endeavors to be what
its name purports, a family paper,
and from its handsome appearance,
and the high charactei ofits Editor, i
we make 110 boubt but that it will j
meet with liberal patronage, and
soon become a welcome visitant to ;
many a happy circle. We wish
Mr. Arthur all success in his new en |
Editorial Change.?S. A. Godman,
tho spirited Editor and propri-;
ctor of the Tjaurensville Herald, im])ol!ed
by failing health, has retired
from the editorial management of,
that paper, and is to be succeeded
by Messrs. J. D. Wright and 11. M. j
Stokes. 1 n welcoming these gentle-;
? r..-: i
ujt;h iuiw inv; i.ui|)S) wu itci assured
thai in (heir hands the Herald will
fully sustain the high character which
it acquired under the management
of the late Editor, for whose happiness
and future prosperity, we take
this occasion to express our warmest
Mr. Editor : The appropriation ;
made by the last Legislature for the !
purpose of adding fife-proof Offices
to the Court House in your Village,
lias excited considerable interest in
various parts of the District; while
the unlucky Contractor and his still
more ill-fated bull have formed the
theme of many a witling's jest.
Myself and neighbors were highly
pleased when we heard "the appro-j
prition'1 had been made, nor did we j
dream that there could be found a j
solitary individual in all the District j
who would object to it. We were, |
however, to some extent mistaken, as
we hr.ve met with a few persons who
manifest some discontent on the sub i
My neighbors and myself, Mr. Ed;i??.
r ?! i
nv/1) cuu jjictm lunucis, ana wc llcld j
in our simplicity supposed, that, First,i
it would be 110 inconsiderable benefit j
to the District, could the Public Re- j
cords, the evidence of the right and i
title of most of our property, be so
cured from the dangers of fire, this j
could only be done by placing them I
in fire-proof Offices; and, Secondly, as |
it would be a haevy tax to the people
of the District were they to undertake
unaided to build these Ollires,
it was therefore an act of kindness
in the State lo build them for us, I
and one too, for which, if we did not
wish to acquire a character for ungratefulness,
wc should be reasonblv
All are aware of the immense importance
of the public records, and
of the almost incalulablc loss which
would be occasioned by their destruction;
such a catastrophe would
carry absolute ruin to hundreds of
our best citizens, and therefore the
positive necessary for securing them
from all hazards, cannot fail to be an-!
parent to every one; while anj' body,
who yvill pause one moment to refloct,
must see what iminent risks
they run locked up in rooms which
are exposed every hour to the dangers
Besides, litis District has been
greatly neglected by the Legislature^
and has never received one fourth of
the aid which has been lavished on
i ii ii . . r n. . *
ine oilier juistricis 01 tne siatg, and
; wliile (hey arc fattening on the pub;
lie crib, it is but fair that she should
be allowed to gather some of tho
crumbs which fall from the people's
The chief cause of discor.tent
?jema to be the excavations which
j are going forward on the public
| square, and though these are absolutely
ncccssary to perfect the intcn
tion the "appropriation}" they arc undertaken
at the expense of the Commissioners
of Public Buildings, and
not one cent of the "appropriation"
can be touched for this purpose.
It seems to mo. Mr. EHifor. so
strange and unnatural for people
who are in need to reject assistance,
that I cannot refrain from thinking
that they who eondcmn this Appropriation
.are either not in earnest,
misinformed or belong to that singular
class of men who are ever 011 the
look-out for something to condemn.
A Tuualo Farmer.
The Tragedy at Troy.?Further
Particulars.?We extract the following
further nnrfir.nlr?i\a r?f
rible murder and suicide of VV. A.
Caldwell and Louisa C. Van Winkle, i
at the St. Charles Hotel, Troy, on
Wednesday morning, from the Troy
Budget of Wednesday evening:
One of the witnesses at the Coroner's
inquest being sworn, testified
that he had known Caldwell for five
or six years. Saw deceased 011
Monday and Tuesday, and deceased
told witness that lie was on a spree,
and the constables were after him.?
lie said they had arrested him at the
Mansion Home in Williamstown,
Mass., but that he had whipped them
and escaped. lie said he had got a
carriage at the livery stable and had
run away with it, and had left his
baggage there. II he had poison he
would take it. Wanted witness to
get him two bottles of Congress water
and some lunar caustic. Witness
sent the Congress water but not the
caustic. Deceased said ho hnd nn.
other man's wife with him from New
l'ork. Witness came to sec Caldwell
again; deceased asked him why
the devil be did not send him that
vial. Caldwell wanted witness to
call in the evening, but witness had
not time to do so.
Doctor Bontecou testified that he
first examined the bodies, which were
both cold, and exhibited the appear- j
ance of having been dead several
hours. The body of the lady was
reeling on the arm of the man in an '
affectionate position; her hand cross- |
ed on her chest and throat cut from
ear to car; and seemed to have died |
verv easy, countenance pleasant,
and position that of a person sleep-1
ing by the side of one in whom she
had every confidence. The man exl.Xli-l
-! n ' ' "
iiiimuu signs 01 naving struggled
somewhat after the commission of
the deed; his hand lying on his chest
i after having laid the razor by his side; i
his throat was cut very badly, severing
the windpipe entirely, and cans
ing a grenl amount of homorrhage ;
his cloak was on the bed outside of
the clothes, and all were badly confused.
The verdict of the jury we have
already given. Several letters found
Caldwell's person plainly showed
that the suicide had been premedita- ]
ted. The following is one of the letters
My Brother is W. E. Caldwell,
No. 19 Heaver street, New York.
The horse here belongs to the
Mansion House, in Williamstown,
Mass., where all my things are. I
die by opium and chloroform?let our
bodies remain ciuict?unopened.
W. A. Caldwele.
Our only request is that we be
hurried together in Greenwood cempf
, M . /\. V.
The following found in Caldwell's
hat, would indicate that they contemplated
suicide by drowning:
Whoever may find this hat?they
can inform, that in the stream rests
bodies of two?W. A. Caldwell, of j
New York, and Louisa (J. Van Win-'
kle, of Brooklin letters can be
found in my trunk, at Mansion
House, Wjlhamstown, Mass.
Sunday, Aug. 18, 1850.
The appearance of the room show
eu mai ^aidwell and Iiis companion
had attempted suicide as indicated
below. '1 lie following note explains
the fact?it was founaon the table:
Our room shows that we failed in
attempting to deprive us of our life
by taking opium?but as that has
t failed we die oy the sword. Courage
bold? W. C. A.
Lfittors in mv twinlr at W!llinw*?
... ... 7 >t unta Ub ? IIIKllIIO"
town, Mass., will explain all.
W. C. A.
j Another Mammoth Cave.?The
| cave recently discovered near Madij
son, Wisconsin, is supposed to exi
tend under ihe greater part of Dove
and Iowa counties. An exploring
party lately passed five days in examining
it. They passed over and
among large masses, which proved
to be lead ore of fine quality, spreading
over an extent of three miles.
They found, also, fine copper ore,
and eleven pounds of native silver*
Crystals, stalactites, incrustations,
&.C., were abundant, rtnd waterfalls
and a lake, which was ?*nlored in n
canoe, and found to be thirty-seven
feet deep. <gjj$'1M? : *. r v*>
Mrs. Gen. Gaines is now at at
ViTmvflgton, Be., with her early
. friendtj (lie wife of the Rev. Chambers.
' ^ " ' '
o o m.Qi & (g$$ op w Atu
In the Senate on Thursday SGtli
ult., tlie military academy bill was
taken up, and an amendment was
agreed to increasing the salaries of
professors and teachers. The bill
v*/n? nrflnrflfl fn n ll-iivst rnmliiwr
...... ~ ....... . |
The bill from the House granting i
bounty land to certain officers and
soldiers who have been engaged in j
the military rervicc of the United
States was taken up with an amend
lnont reported by the committee of
Mr. Mason moved an amendment
providing for the issue of certificates
for, and bounties on treasury scrip
receivable at the land office, instead
of giving a warrant to be located at
the option of the holder.
After debate, the bill was postponed
Mr. Yulee offered a motion for
printing 300 extra copies of documents
relative to the boundary dis-!
putc between Georgia and Florida.
The Senate went into executive
session, and when the doors were
opened the Senate adjourned.
In the House, ou motion of Mr.
McDonald (the morning hour having
expired) the House proceeded
?~"*l :.i J:--- -f'i-- ? :
ii* lilt: CUIISIUUIUIIUI1 Ol WHJ UllSIIKISS
on the Sneakers table, which brought
up the Texas boundary bill, and Mr.
Boyd's amendment to annex Utah
and New Mexico thereto.
I Mr. Boyd was entitled to the foor,
Mr. Meade rose and made a question
of order, that under the rule,
the bill being on the question of a
third reading; should take its place
behind those bills on the Speaker's
table which had been ordered to be
I 1 1 * ? i
unurcjssrn anarcaua iinm lime.
The Speaker overruled the point
I of order, and showed that the practice
had been otherwise under the
I Mr. Thompson, of Miss, appealed
: from the decision of the chair, and
made some remarks in support of his
Mr MoLanc. of Md. made some j
remarks in support of the decision of j
the chair, showing thai the decision
was in accordance with the practice
of the House this session.
The appeal was laid upon the table
without a division.
Mr. Meade objected loa third rea- i
dinjor of the bill.
The chair said it was not in order
at this stage of the bill to make such
Mr. JBurt claimed it is a right (and
made a point of order) that before
the gentleman from Kentucky (Mr.
Boyd) could move an amendment,
he had a right to claim the floor to
make a motion to commit the bill.
The chair overruled the point of
t\flV orvnnnl Afl ' 1?"
.ipjjuu.vtu uum ?uu ueuision
of the chair.
After debate by Messrs. Phelps
Mr. Ashmun moved to lay the ap
peal on Ihe table.
Mr. Burt demanded the yeas and
nays; they were ordered and taken,
and the House laid the appeal on the
table, bv yeas 154, and nays 51.
Mr. Boyd said that the whole subject
had been examined by every
member; as much so as if the subject
was kept open for discussion for a
year, lie said it had been his intention
to exami call ihe questions in
voivcd 111 tins bill, hut would waive
such inteuliou for the purpose of action,
which was so much needed to
f^ive quiet to the country. He be-1
ieved that unless the amendment i
was adopted, and nil tlw territorial
j questions carried through in the one
' bill, that no one measure calculated
to give quiet to the country could be
passed this session, He believed
that the interests of all sections of
the Union would be as well protected
under this bill as any that could
be devised. He concluded, however,
by savin? that, for the purpose of
satisfying gentlemen, he would withdraw
that part of the amendment
proposed by him yesterday, of providing
for establishing a territorial
government in Utah. ~
Mr. Olingman then obtained the
floor and moved the following amend
ment to the amendment, viz:
And be it further enacted, That all
portion of territory acquired from
Mexico by the treaty of Guadalupe
Ilidalgo, bounded as follows: By a
line commencing in the Pacific Gcean,
on the parallel of 30 deg. north
latitude, three miles from the main
Intnl. 1'iinrmirr flim 1*
, - ?- ^ .nvi.V*/ U Uly V/IIOl till It
strikes the sierra Nevada, thence
oastwardly and northwardly with
the crest of said mountain range until
it strikes the parallel oftt(> deff.
north latitude, thence due east with
, said parallel until it strikes the Sierra
Madre, tlience southerly with the
crest of the same until it reaches the
boundary bet ween the United States
and the republic of Mexico, thence
westwardly with the said boundary
to the Pacific ocean, 1 hence northwardly
with the coast to the beginning;
the whole of the said territory
I to constitute the territory oi" Colored
' y*~- 1
do; and that tho government of said
territory shall in all respects be similar
to that provided for the territory
of New Mexico by the accompanying
provisions of this bill.
Mr. McDonald raised a question
of order on the amendment.
The chair ruled it in order.
Mr. Allen appealed from the decision.
Mr. Duer moved to lay the appeal
on the table- The question was taken
by yeas and nays, and the appeal
was laid on the table?yeas
navs (58. ^
Mr. CMingman explained the amendment.
His object was to make
a new territorial organization out of
that portion of California within the
bounds described in his amendment.
If; he said, the North would give
proper territory, slavery will go
there, as it was a mining country.
Mr. Ashmun obtained the lloor,
;m? expressed ins readiness to vote
for all measures separately; or, if
compelled to do so, connectedly. He
| said there had been debate enough,
and therefore moved the previous
many points of order, and
attempts to make propositions to
The House was counted by tellers,
to ascertain whether there was
a st cond for the previous question.?r
The tellers reported vcas 71, nays
JSo there was no second.
Mr. McGlernand moved to recotn
, mil the bill, and on that motion
j moved the previous question. The
! question was not taken, and tho
Mouse did not second the previous
i Mr. Root moved to amend the
mot ion to commit the hill, by adding
1 thereto the Wilmot Proviso,
i Mr. McClornnnd appealed to
! members of both parties to vote
1 down this proviso.
j Mr. JJrooks of New York, denoun
cod the attempt to throw in this pro*
| viso to embnrras action at thi# time.
The House adjourned.
From the linlt. llepub. and Argut.
Washington, Aug. 25*
A glance at your report of yesterday's
proceedings in the 1 louse,
will show you that all my foreshadowings
of the movements of theTnridites
have been verified to the letter.
The tariff clause, which Mr. Hampton
of Pennsylvania, proposed to in:
sert in the Civil and Diplomatic bill,
, was the result of the caucus of which
1 gave you an intimation. The original
shape was that of a bin, but ii
was changed to suit the emergency.
Encouraged by the closeness ol
the test vote (that on sustaining the
decision of lhr? fluur. rnlin?v
j movement out of order, 81 to 77) the
! friends of the measure have had another
caucus, and have been busy as
nailers cvfcr since, looking to another
trial of their strength. They have
not much hope of finally carrying
their Tariff amendment to the Appropriation
hill through the House;
i but tl'ey arc anxious to iret their
names unpon the record of yeas and
nays. It is important in view of the
elections in the manufacturing secJ
tions of the county, that they should
make a show of hands. One would
think at the first glance, that they
would be afraid of defeating, or at
least retarding the Appropriation bill,
but they reason that, if they should
be so lucky as to fret their iron and
| coal protecting section tacked on to
the bill, the same majority that could
effect that would be able to pass the
bill with the TarifT clause* and that
j the Northern Democrats would not
I risk a vote against a billl of such
great importance on account of such
addition to it. Whether they reckon
aright or not, they will certainly
make the trial to-morrow.
There will be another effort made,
to-morrow, to got a time fixed forth?
final adjournment. Some of the
friends 01 the movement have been
stirring round to-day, with that vi?w.
I do not think it wifl succeed. Nor
do 1 think it would effect any goo:!
purpose- I still think that the best
way to im early adjournment would 1
be to go earnestly to work and get
ready for it, in other words to work
The new Administration seema to
be fated. Yesterday morning, the
Intelligencer-stated that the Secretar_??:?
I ly ui mo imrrior, v-*ir. ivicivennon,)
| lincl gene homo on a visit to bis family.
Every body was struck with tho
soonness of his visit home, and wero
at a loss how to account for it, when,
lo and behold! it has fumed out that
he has gone wit' the intention of remaining
there, in plain words, that
he has virtually resigned. itfi '
I learned this last evening, from ft.
source whose reliability, I could not
doubt, and my inquiries today have
confirmed it. The surprise excited
by this event was vers great, arid it
was particularly unwelcome to tho
* enlistivuiiiHiizi iwjrei wno cxen?a
themselves so much to get Mr. Melt
ennon into the plaee. It has
them completely in the lurch, scores
of their fellow citizens, who have
been expecting office, lejing thus
" thrown into despair.
* i 9 *