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" TO THINE OWN SULK BE TItUB, AND IT MUliT I'OLLOVf, A1 Tail NIOMC fHS D ir, TIIOU OAN'^T NOT TIIS>* UK FALSE TO ANY MAN."
VOL. 2. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C., J'ATUIIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1850. NO 28
PAINTED AND PUBLISHED W'KBKLT BT
TRTMMIEU A LEWIS.
VV. K. Easley, Editor.
Ona Dollar and Fifty Cents for one year's r
ncrlption when j>aid within tluoe months, T
dollar* if ui\vmcnt is didnved to the closo of t
All anbicriptious not cloarly limited, will
considered as made fur an indefinite time, n
continued till a discontinuance is ordered a
nil arrearages pai l.
A Icertixtmciiis inserted at 75 cent* per *qur
r tlin fir<t Insertion, and 37 1 " ct-". for en
continued insertion. Liberal deductions inn
to thoAo advertising 1>y the year.
t?r All Comn/ntnica'.ioiH should be address
fo tlm Publisher* post paid.
(^ ?Vtl l!l? HMS6 o-l- ? ^ ? * A '
mb- j hi is
f\ N. GARVIN, President.
Vice Plosidcn'ts :
A. Ramsay, A. AI. tIamilvo
\VM. H'intrp.! John A- Easi.E
\V. T>. Steele, Wm. Nimmons,
J*. IT agool), J as. rokinson',
M. M. NORTON, S. iiovinogood.
W. S. Gri'siiam, ) iEnvih Moriiea
Kd. Hughes, Wm. C XjEE,
II. I). Maxwf.i.i.. -T. M \ vwpt i .
J. \V. NOURIS, Jr. \ Recording Se
VV. II. THIMMIKU, ^ retnries.
W. K. EASLEY, ) c
J. A. dotle, s ^xac,"i 'ca
SILAS KIRICSEY, Treasurer.
Councils of Safety.
?S'afxeant's Iieat.?II C Millc
* Tho's Gasaway, Wm Oliver.
Garvin's Beat?J J Hollingsworl
W S Williams, Wm Smith.
flhhtcr* Beat.?J B Clayton,
II nnjcr, John A rial.
Rash}fx Heat.?John Dovven, S
Fjii.s'oy, John (>ossett.
UStewarfs B.at.?Robert Stewai
. . .<y.evan(lcr, ft Alexander.
Atidersms n&at?Tsauc Anderso
Joa^i Lewis, O F Barton.
Chfl.';tain\i Heat.?K II Griffin,
EJ^hcroo'l, Jamos T Ferguson.
niv^'etms Heat. Lnrlcin I If
drieks Esly Tin lit. W in Kdins.
lioyd s Heat.?Jeptha Norton, A
L Kc'lh, Joseph I5nrnotl.
Nlchohtoffi Beat.?Stephen Nic
olson. A T5 Giant, Jesse McKinne
'P/iil/im1 Beat.?G Brazcal, A R
bins, 15 Fret well.
Ihiglic*1 Beat.?J A Ballenge
Iienry Hughes, Andrew Dickson.
Denton s Beat.?Wm ( Vififin, Jos
ua Y Jones, T M Stribling.
Dcah\i Heat.?K P Vomer, L Ton
ers, S C Reeder.
HunnicutPs Heat.?A liryce, Chi
Hunt, James M MeElroy.
Fairplai/ Beat.?A Plleeder, 13a
lis Ilix, M S McCay.
pni.' a \f 11 f v
Whoreas, it is apparent, not on
from the arts of injustice which !ia\
been perpetrated by the dominai
majority in Congress, hut also fro
the course of systematic and orga
i/.ed aggression on the rights of tl
South which have been for years pti
sih d hy the Northern States of tli
Union, that there is a fixed and u
alterable determination on the pa
of those States to rob us ol our p
litical rights and to despoil us of 01
domestic institutions; and, believin
as we do, that their peaceable po
r)CA9il/ll <11111 UVl'il Ult'Ot'l VtlllUII Hi
become incompatible with our pro
ent relations to t!u; existing Confe
eiacy, and having been foreed to tl
painful conviction that South Car
iiiia in common with her sister Slati
of the South is driven to choose I)
I ween the preservation of her righ
-and the preservation of the Unio.r
Therefore, we, the people of Pickei
District, do now "solemnly pledg
our lives, our fortunes, ami our saor<
hdrior" to aid, defend and suppo
her in mentaining her rights, by an
course or by any means to vvhic
sh'e may be driven by the foul inju
tine and aggressions of the usurpin
North; and in view of an issue f
painful but inevitable to us,
He it thcroforc llexolved, That v\
do now organize and constitute ou
selves into an Association for the di
fence of Southern Rights and Inte
ests, the objects and rules of whicl
we horeby pledge oursolves as ine
and as citizens to support and ol
nerve, until the dangers which threa
en the destruction of our rights shn
i I J ?? A
lin*c iwuii chmivty removed juki ii
that purpose we adopt the fohowiti
Akt. 1. The name of tins Aasoc
ation shaft be "The Southern Ri#h
I Association of Pi'kens District." Its
object shall bo lto organize and prepare
the people of Pickens District
the better to defend themselves from
the dangers which threaten?to promote
the interest and to secure the
harmonious and united action of the |
whole South in the glorious cause of j
constitutional Freedom, and more j
especially shall its objects be to pledge
ui, its members to support South Caroli :
wo ' na in any course which she may be !
he driven to puisne in defence of her j
rights as a free and sovereign States. I
be Art.?2. The officers of this asso-j
nd ' rintion shall he a President, sixteen |
ixl Vice Presidents, (one for each beat |
j company) two recording Secretaries, j
>iu j two corresponding Sectaries, a Trea
' t> j surer and a committee ol Safety, to 1
<lc j consist of three members from each
; military beat company in the l)is0
1 i triot nnd, subordinate to this and i
| subject to its direction and control, i
s| | the members of the general eomnvt-1
j tee for each beat company with the ;
I Vi -r ' - 1 1
. .t. v. JL U1 .->u< I! LUIiljlllliy MUlll :
form sub-commit loos all of which
officers shall be chosen annually at
the anniversary of the Association.
Art. 3. In addition to the ordinan\
ry duty of presiding over its deliberav,
tions. the } resident shall bo empow- j
ered to convoke meetings oftlrs, and
to appoint Delegates to attend meet- I
I illffs or rnnvnnl inna r?f nlnnr nffilmtrt.l
. 0? . v.x.vy.i.7 v?l \/l IBV? I niillKlinj
d, i associations, and in any emergency j
of the St:te, (to repel invasion or to
snppro^v negro insurrection) he isern,c
powered and required t< call out the !
! 'Minute Men,' of the Association, to
j be marshalled under the Governor of
I the State or constituted authorities!
Art. 4. The Vice Presidents when
i they shall think lit., or when directed |
i by the President, shall hold meetings ,
?r, | such members as bh:>ll reside in j
j their respective Beats, and report the j
h, 1 proceedings of the same at the next j
| general meeting of the Association.)
A i It shall further he a part of their duty, ;
j to extend to their respective Beats
A ! such information as the President
may frcm time to time desire to com- j
t, munieaie to the members of this Association.
n, Art. 5. It shall he the duty of corresponding
Secretaries to correspond
J with affiliated associations upon matf
ftl'O I /M l/llll l\ ?? < Iwv... ^ ? ' J *
i iio iiMR.iMiiy uicu gt'uuriii miciesis j
n- and objects.
i ' 0. The duties of the Recor,V
ding Secretaries shall bo to keej) a
roll ofthe members and of the 'M<nh
nte IMon,' and to record the proceedy.
ings ofthe Association in a hook to i
o- be kept for thai purpose.
Art. 7. It shall be the duty ofthe |
r, general and sub-commit tecs of safety 1
to detect, report, and prosecute all at !
1)-! tempts tocorri.pt our slaves and to
j disseminate a bo 'tion?to procure in
v-1 subordination, or otherwise impair
! the feasible and tranquil enjoyment o' J
ns our domestic institution.
Akt. 8. The President shall from
y the roll of the Secretaries organize :ill
j the members of this Association uni
der the age of 'hirty, into a military
!y corns, lobe called the 'Minute Men,'
and who, with their officers, arms and
tll equipments, shall be ready to march
m j to the poil t of danger at a minute's j
ie Art. 0. The 'Minute Men1 shall
ir* elect their commanding and suhordilis
n- Art. 10. The President shall be
rt required to call the association togetho
cr upon any five of the Vice rre3iu*
dents uniting in a call for the same.
Art. 11. This association shall
s" continue in existence and persevere
as in its efforts so long as the rights of
!s- i . 1 ?:.l i
mo uimui <111; iiiitraiuuuu Willi (lail""
^ Art- 12. Any person may become
t s a member of this association by tub*
c_ scribing his name (o the ibove rules.
is F N Garvin Alex Bryce
i: John Maxwell E H Cirifiin
is J as Cannon Wm CLee
re Henry Prjchard P Alexander
sd Saml Lovinggood Jno Crawl'ord
rt E Mai tin Saml Iieid
iy J W Norris, jr J A Doyle
;h i Win Todd J M McElroy
s-1 Carter Clayton VV VV Stribling
\g /i vjiupuu j no uunn
so Jas ljawrencc II H Gaston
Jas George OH? Kant
re Win Oliver J W Earle
r- M M Norton J W Hughes
c-, Jno C McKall Martin Moody * (
r-1 VVm Gassaway M R Hunnictilt
b,; Saml Yonngbloori Jas Stevenson
rn W II Triinmier JnoRankins
1> ; Thos J)odii I! G Gaines
t- W li Keith J T Ferguson
ill Silas Kirksey Elihu Griffin
>r VVm Dowis Alex Ramsay
' \x/ tr r/.w.u,, r a t?
J A Easley, jr Sum! lCnsley
R WEasley W Jtianlt
JmvArinl A B Grnnt
(c, Jno Hammefft E Cnntton
F Alexander E Alexander
S 11 McFall Lemuel Thomas
Robt O Lewis J no Capehart
Chas Thompson Jno Gossett
Jos Burnett Robt Craig
J Heed Ramsay Jno M Lvwrcnce
L G Craig Arch W Rice
Jas Neal Hobt Knox
J M Pundt R P Kelly
Joab Banks Jno O Briant
Jos M Deveneau Thos G 'loggs
Win Hunt. Isaac Anderson
Wni Boggs Isaac Murphy
Thos Dijfard J R Neal
J K Mcilinney EH Barton
G A Taylor J B Myers
E Herndon Henry Myers
\V N Craig1 lloht Stewart
HR IIu?hes J as J) Kay
Alex Harris II A H Gibson
\Vm It Moody II Capehart
W FTearce II M l'itts
J N Lawrence Win F Dun'ap
W I) Steele Joshua Barker
E E Alexander Jas G Peace
W 1> \\ hite Moses Butler
T W Alexander G \V A Smith
Ranso n Banks G M Thomas
Jno Shooklcy I) 1 Sloan
l?li Doylo Wra Sloan
B //ii^ood R D Ma.wvcll
Baylis J Maxwell Jno Fields
\V li Dii-hson Win Uobitison
Kolit y/fillin^swo:th Simon Doylo
Dudley W'igginton Oliver Doyle
Wm //unt Austin Day
Moses Hendricks Mo.-es Sniilli
Benj Sallci field Jno Bowon
las Binson >v> ?Stejrall
Win Jmnison H Lende irdili
Joslmu .Inmison Tlios Turner
0 I illin I lainilliMi \V m I . !I 1 *? ?rt\
II G Stone ttaylis Day
Rioli'd Forrester I. B.srralt
B P Turner F H Day
J no Lnthram Tims Darns
T W Lull) nun MoE. Jamison
Berj Barrntt C Jamison
Smi'l Nichols Jas Laihram
Milton //amilion (! Barritt
J as M Burton S P 0 arson
C C C'Briant Elihu Carson
"~?o l o TIO A"C""
Proceedings op tiie Convention
Nashville, Nov. 11.
The Convention assamb'ed hore
this mo ning at 10 a. in. and a Tier
Ix iinr railed !o order, the President
asked (he secretary to read the letter
received from the absent member of
the Tennessee delegation, Mr. Howies,
with which (he Secretary complied.
Mr. Bowles, of Tennessee, slated
he did not consider the question
W 111 nil rvillrwl fnrrolluM' ll*n filter
v "P"""'. l,lv- ,,,ri v w'|"
volition settled; it was only postponed.
He had no confidence in <he integrity
of men who had violated every
compromise they have hitherto made
with ?he South.
The States being called, Jones and
Hunter, of Georgia; Davenport, of
Mississippi; Pillow and Donelson of
Tennessee; and Cheves, of South
Carolina made their appearance.
Mr. Jones, of Georgia, offered a
resolution calling lor equably oi rights
as secured by the constitution, and
declares that these rights were violated
by erecting California into a
Slate, and Utah and New Mexico
into Territorial Governments, and
dismembering Texas, and that 11011intcrcourse
was called for.
Mr. Ilnnter, of Ga. offered a resolution
declaring the Government in
the hands of the North, and the South
in nuer dependence on abolition majorities
in Congress. The property
of the South depends upon slavery.
Wc should repei every assault upon
that institution, at all hazards. He
alluded to the California bill, &,c. as
robberies of Southern rights, and declared
them unconstitutional. The
Fugitive Slave law is no concession.
He recommended constitutional resistance
to the acts of Congress;
when tlmt failed, each State shall decide
for herself the mode of redress.
Mr. Davenport, of Miss, declared
their right *o recede?reviewed iho
wrongs alleged to be perpetrated by
the North, and called upon theSouili
for concentrated action to save the
Union through this convention. He
rccommen.led non-intercourse, and
that the South go into National convention
for President without the
Gen. Pil.'ir w, of Tenti. recommnn
ded, that although the bills of C-ongresr
fell short of justice to the South,
that, the convention declare its willingness
to abide by the laws of the
land, thereby giving proof of their
attachment to the (Jnion?that the
,1 l lU.t ?... -i _i,
uuuiii ta;tisnuu iiiui uj^iimiun ui ?mve*
rv at the Nortn cease, nnd declare
that the repeal of the Fugitive Slave
bill would render all furthfcr associations
impossible. He4 recommended
non-intercourse if the North did no.t
faithfully perform her part, according
! lo the action of Congress; that if fur- (
thcr interference with slavery he per- >
sistod in that the Legislatures of the t
several Slates e'ect delegates to a <
; General Convention. ; (
Mr. Donelson, ofTenn. recommen
(led acquiescence in the laws by the i
South; that the con\cntion would 1
not anticipate the* course of actio*-, on j I
the part of members to the Federal i
Compact, nor would justify extreme
measures*, that they adhere to the t
motto ofthe Southern States, 'Per- j 5
petuitv to the the Union and thn mn- 1
slitution,' and that this convention t
shall accept open resist anco as a rev !
olutionary remedy, only when such ;
an interpretation of the Federal constitution
is enforced as will make the j :
Federal Government an instrument \
i of intolerable tyranny an I oppression, t
j Mr. (Jheves submitte 1 the follow- (
j in r resolution: I
Re o'ved, That a secession, by the j
s joint action of the slaveholding States \
| is the only efficient remedy for the i
aggravated wrongs which theymrv i
endure, and the enormous events i t
which threaten them in the future, ;
fVniYl lllMIQIII-nftfl nt,il
I" ' "*'VJ ,lv-"* vuncomt I
lc.l power of the bc.lcral Govern- !
men!. I i
Mr. Chevesthcii read a long speech ;
occupying three hours, recommcn- ;
ding secession as the. only alternative. :
j He said the rubicou was passed; the 1 (
Union was already dissolved. What i
j was the Union' It was a bond of i
fraternity; it had heroine one of hostility.
We could not expect to live !
j with a peop'e who on every o.-vu-ion i
and in the halls of legislation, do- ;
nouneed slavery as a crime, and its ' i
j participants as critn nals. Was n >! j
I ? t.v* . x wt \_ ? v. I Y ? >1/ i I I I K/( II 1 I I I I I bl! II" t }
u^e.il willi ;i blush of shame? lie said j i
1 hat we could hopo lor nothing from | <
any change the North could give. ]
I It would only bring on an increase of i
| their power, and our danger, disgrace <
! and shame. i
\V" should drop party and united- '
j ly contend lor tlie witerests of our i
I Weeding country. If Virginia would i
I lea i. no mooci would Do spilled, and j;
j ho had no doubt that in a little time 1 <
: ever)' Soulbern State would follow i
exeepl, perhaps Delaware, whose in- i
terests would deter her. i (
In the possibility of an invasion 1
; from the North to eoerce us, where , <
were their army and money? All j i
: their militia would find it difficult to ' i
take Charleston or Savannah, and if1 i
they d'd" what would they do with it? j i
Perhapsihey ealMi'ated upon the | I
; assistance ot our .'laves, but ihev , i
; would be disappointed; we want but |
union, and the enemy are ours. I
The I nion dissolved, undoubtedly ;
! ihe Sou'h would suffer the usml cas- >
ua!ticsof war, but there were dan-J <
gers which a free pe >p!e who were t
not di. posed to wear the yoke would r
meet ma'-hilly. I >
'Pi,- ? * *
i iic iijiyii \ji Bti'Cisii'il WMS Hill! [II!- |
vocal; he appealed lo Virginia to take |
the lead in a united secession and t
j would warn the peop'e of the South i c
to beware of ahen counsellors, who i c
were not our friends; they did not j j
: sympathise with us. >
Iu conclusion he would pray to God i
i to inspire Southern men with the spin i
' it of freemen?then they would act I i
as men who know the?r rights and t
dare maintain them. We can scat- I
ter our enemies like autumnal leaves. I
California will become a slave Slate, t
and the South will form the most \
splendid empire on which the sun I
ever shone. i
i ? i <1 I . r. i . ..
I /\i mi; c n iu iion onnc speern the i
; convention adjourned to 10 o'clock |
Inashville, Tcnn. Nov. 14th. | r
"Yesterday was t he first commen-! <
cement of business by the convention, i
by culling on hie state delegations, I
in alphabetical order for resolutions; I
which are presented without argu- p
ment, and referred to the select com- I
mittee on resolutions. There were 1 '
I preambles and resolutions, from the (
' follnwinff ?ln U>q! f-i/wr. ( 'Im Alnlmmn I I
i Gov. Duval, Florida: Jtid^e Thomp-1 s
son, Mississippi, Col. 1 Iunt and | f
Judgo Jones, Georgia; (ion. Pillo w, v
Tcinn; Judge Cheevcs, South Card- v
lina; with counter resolutions by (ion. j Donaldson,
ol'Tenne see, on 'he sub-1 s
mission side, and Gen. Claiburn on I c
the southern rights side. i 1<
"The resolutions are the same in I
sentiment, varying merely in phrase-: ?
ology, from Florida* Mississippi and j v
Alabama?maintaining the right of i c
secession, and tho nlt'darn of >>11 ihn I t
south to aid a sooe&ng state, should ^
coertiori ho resorted to; and recorn? il
mending a southern congress to as- p
semble next spring or summer.? cl
Georgia more mild; and in Tonnes- c
see the majority lor submitting to the V
past, but resist the future. Gen. Don- t
alsorTs, for submission to the Inst. 1 fl
.ion. Claiborn dissented from both I
,'erbially, and maintain high resis- !
aneo ground. The res)!uiions of p
Jarolina merely asserted the right |
)f secession, and were supported bv l
lud#e Cheevos in a written speech of <
I 1-2 hours?this will bo printed, and i
[ will forward you a copy as soon as i i
1 can. It was a speech of great abil- (
ty in reason and argument. I
1 The committee cannot report on :
he matter already referred before <
\r?i ?i i
-Minuuciy 01 ^TiuilUdV iiUAh tllKl IIUlK't' i
I suppose the convention will set for
several duys yet.1' i 1
From t!i? Anderson Gazette. j 1
Thoughts for those who own 1
<c> Slaves.?The time has come j
rvhiMi every man in the South mwtt i
ake a position up^n the great que.s- <
:ou which has produce ! such a proband
commotion from o ic end ol the
nil I to the other: rt t rl In r<vpvv inrli- i '
idual assuming a position it is of vital 1
inporfance, that ho duly consider the <
natter in hand, lest by too precipi- | 1
ate action he mistake his interests 1
md take a stand in direct opposition <
o them. Men are always more or : 1
ojs the creatures of interest, and it
s to this feeing that their prosperity, '
13 well as that of nations, is to b;: j1
ltlributed*. Hence their opinions are i
tpt to be formed with a view to profit
"?r loss. Kegarding the great cjues- >
lion of the day in this light, I propose
;o discuss two distinct propositions.
1. That the cud and aim of the
Abo i ion movement is the total ex- ;
in-lion of ihe institution slavery. 1
m I that ii will armmnUsh tbm mul 1
.mless speedily checked.
2. 'J. Iiiii the ncnomp'Viaiicnt of j
such a result will prove as ruinous
lo the interest of those who own no
slaves as to the interest of the slave 1
liolders, or in other words, that the
interest and destiny of every class of
)f society is wrapped up in this mo- '
e may premise that we are in
Uihk'd lo yankee adventure, for the
Rxistence of the institution amonu; us. ;
Slaver;, i;; not a question of consci
flllpfl. hilt nirifil i 1 ?1 r 1 flirt IM-nftl' In 1
W..M |/IWV^I IO, j
lhai the p ople, who are now seek- ;
ng to wipe it as a slain from the face |
>1 the Earth, are the very people
ivho brought it hero, and who carried !1
>n what they now term an "unholy
raftio in the sinews of men," until
he importation of Negroes was1
made Piracy by an a'M of Congress ,
n 1808. Slave labor not being pro- : 1
liable for the purposes of agriculture I
n the Northern States, and the pco?i,~
- i\ !
Pit VI un, 11WI III IIL'IIIH I'll I U1 I 11 (Mil ,
he profits of the traffic, by stealing j1
ind selling them to the South, they
suddenly pretended to entertain con- '
srientious scruples on the subject, i 1
ho' the truth was they began tofeel i '
i jealousy of the growing wealth and I I
jros erity of the South. They
bought, as f'nn be abundantly shown !
Vom the papers, memorials, &.C., of
hat period, that the interests of a !1
rommercial people, as they regard- !
ul themselves, andol an agricultural
1 ? .1 C? I ! <
jih;|jiu <?r> unjy I ?lI WLU 1 1I1U OO'llll,
vere opposed to each oilier. Labor- '
ng under this impression, i( was nat- 1
iral they should endeavor to break
;s down, and in doing so, they raised i1
he hue and cry against slavery, justV
considering that the most vulncra- (
?!e point of attack, in as much as 1
he wealth of the agricu'tural States *
vas produced by slave labor, They 1'
lad Other reasons for attacking slave-'1
v. Being deprived of tho benefits i1
)f the trade, a feelinor of revenge
prompted them to endeavor to deir've
the South of the nrofils nrisinrr
Vom ihe labor of those they had al- ,'
eady brought into the country. They
ould also enlist in Ihe warfare a- |
rainst slavery the hellhounds of a j 1
)lind fanaticism, which, when once | '
et lose, seem determined never to (
five up the chase until they have L
Minted down and tapped their rabid
ongues in the life-blood of their un> 1
ffending brethren of lie South.? 1
I'liis agitation then is the result of a '
- .? *
imiiuu cir'imy on 1110 pan 01 mc | *
STorth against the South?an enini y ( '
vhioh has boon manifested in tho J
whole history of Federal legislation I
?an enmity, which at one time j1
ought through the means ol' an odi- j(
>ns I'arifl of Protection, to garner up r
or themselves the wealth produced ^
iy that verv labor they wore d^ily j1
busing us for employing?enmity (
vliieh would long since have impov- |
risheci the South and reduced her 1
d a colonial dependence had noli1
South Carolina, l>y nullifyin * the Tar- j*
fTLaws and the infamous 1' orcc Bill, f
Hit a slop to usurpation so^hold and ; [
Inriniv Bnfuo I""** 1
"? ?? ACHiHO IVIII^ lUtl^ OIIH ?; in*' "
lareu that tho object of tho North i ?
vas Political Poioer, and to acquire , 1
hat. power it is necessary to knock >
lown the main pillar upon which all' ^
he grv':atneo3 and prosperity of tho
Soutli rest. So much for the cause*
which have led to this agitation.
To show that the present efforts of
he Abolitionists look farther than the
exclusion of slavery from the territories,
we have only to glance for a
moment at the acts and declarations
:)' the party. J11 these we may cleary
see t he gathering elements of t' o
storm, which is one day to burst upr
ktl 1 iu ID ii U *? il n?<arl?
L/It u.7 >V IV1I C* IvIClOlll
and secure as we now deem ourselves.
The Boston Journal, published
in the very cradle of abolition,
contains this declaration: "We can
look with pleasure to the admission
jf California as a frr.'i Slate and to
[he abolition of the odious slave trade
in the District of Columbia, as tico
important strides towards Universal
I'ueedom." The Cleaveland (Ohio)
Democratic says, 4i'J he North rias
riirc power, as we have shown, to
'imit shivery and begin the work of
?mancipation." The Valparaiso, Ind.,
Observer, speaking of the Compromise
Rills, says, '\i good beginning
<s mads towards ridding the government
or that instl'tition. '?
David Wihnot, the author of the Proviso,
and who of course understands
iho decerns of his party* declares in
u letter to the people of his Congressional
District, thai "The contest
WILL Nor I1E ENDED UNTIL ONE OR
THE OTHER OF THE GREAT OPPOSING
PRINCIPLES OP FREEDOM OR slave
ry siiai.i, be overhornk." SeWilld,
:i Senator from New York, and one
;)(' the heads of tin; party, j-pcakin;x
upon the subject of slavery, declared
in ihe American Senate, that uthere
is a law above the Constitution."?
He also expressed himself pleased
with (he anti-slavery bills "ax far as
they went," and "deemed them Tim
first of a sr.nif.s of measures in
irhich he had his heart set." The
\ ermont Resolutions declared that
LlShivery /.<? a crime against humanity "
and yet, Mr. Phelps, a Senator from
Vermont, who defended these Resolutions
in a speech of two hours
length, when attacked by Messrs.
t'loniens Hiid Butler, was beaten not
two months ago in the Vermont Legislature,
by Mr. S. Foot, because, he,
lhe said Phelps, was not strong
enough an Abolitionist. The (jolt
Resolution, which passed the House
by the entire vote of the North, declares
that "slavery is infamous." Do
such declarations as these need any
\\r:.i. -ii <i.:.... < .
UWIIIIIIUIII ,, llll <111 IIIIS pi'UOI staring
us in the faro, (and much more
could be added) can we doubt i hat
I he design of I he abolition parly is to
destroy, totally destroy an institution,
which thov profess to regard as "a
crime agamst humanity," an:l "infamous!1'
Nay more, (hat they are so
bent upon the oo.oomplishment of this
purpose that they will obey the dictates
of a "higher haw" and trample
underfoot thai Constitution which
I hey have sworn to "preserve, prolee
t and defend." but as still farther
evidence of this settled enmity oflho
North against the South, and vjf a
lesign to ruin her by assaults upon
lier property, hear what a mcivlmnt
d! high standing in Cin?. innati, says :
"Can it be possible that the people of
ihe South really believe that with
i his view of Ihe nature'of onr Government,
uppermost in the minds of
lho masses of the North, that they
ire to rest in the quiet possession of
'reir property?that they are to remain
n the Union as equalsI How laman
Vib!i/ will theu bs mistaken." "A
Northern mnn and a friend of the
Union1'in a loiter to tho Southern'
Press, says, "the South lias nothing to rpcct
f?*om North, ICast or West.
When Trout man of Kentucky followed
his slaves to Marshall in Michigan,
he v. as surrounded by a mob,
led by influential citizens, who declared
that, "though the law teas in his
favor * pvb'itc sentiment must and shouU/
mpsrccdc it." '1 'he lamented Kennedy
of Hagerst wn iivm inrdvred
'>;/./ mob in the act of bringing' away
lis slave peaceably, vvhn hi? own
onscnt, and that mob was incited
>y the Professor of a colloge. And
A't the Constitution provider that,
persons toservioor labor in one bound
nP/,n,A}?^ r%.x~4 I ..1 11 I.
mill.) iiiiii atiuiiiort Hiitiil IX!
lelivored upon claim of tho party to
,vhom such service or labor is duo.'1
Now can any sane man expect that
heanti slavery party, with the pow?r
in their lianas, (and I shall show
hat it is so) will falter for a moment
n the. hellish work of abolition, when
lie bid defiance to law, justice and
he Constitution, and are so lost to
(Very feeling of humanity, that they
lo not hesitate to imbrue their hands
n the blood of their fellow citizen !
iook too at the mighty voice which
ms burst forth from the North in denunciation
of tlid Fugitive Slave
Law, pa?sed in accordance with v.