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u~ ' ' -' L-'- -- '-! -' " - - !-' -J-'-i- - -? ju.'.i.ua.'. .?jj*^'.".g.'? .jit.'. .i.'^.j- mil* u?" hl_.il?1 j". '. g"."^' >>..?! . J".1! "" i 1 - --".'.'i':.! ."" --' ' " ' "'-' i'-'-"-"-' . .'H - " " " '--'-' "i.".'-'-'' "-'- - '-" '*'-'
"TO THINK OWN* SELF BE TIll'E, AND IT MUST. FOLLOW, AS THE NlGIIT THE DAY, THOU CAN'S'!' NOT THEN HE FALSE TO ANY MAN." *
BY KOH'T. A. THOMPSON. PICKENS C0U11T HOUSE, S. Ci SATURDAY, Al (U ST 20, 1857. VOL. IX. NO. 7.
?- i -
Tho Bong of the Mountain Stream.
Lift to tho ming of tho mountain stream,
t'voiu its old rooky chamber springing;
Hailing tbe earliest morning gleam,
With Its frolicking-sparkling.?.singing!
Oh ! 'tis n gl'irious tiling to bound
Through a world r.f ?uch vrondroits l>ooutjv;
" Tin* iiovvora m o broathuip: awcet othirs around.
And iiat k! the old woods with guy music rosound;
l'leasuro is "glancing
Sunbeams aro dancing,
I.ife is n boon, and enjoyment a duty!"
List lo the song of the mountain Htrgnui,
As its murmurs arc gcrttly swelling,
vvmiuMig lining wiiu us moomute tiieuie,
Of the glory of labor telljng.
"I'll water the bind, mkIcooI tbc breerc,
.I'll creep afouml the roots of tlio yld oak trees,
Auil call tho cat tic tliplr thirst to appease.
Lambs shall i.-nniQ skipping,
I'irds .shall stoop.sipping,
All Khali be glad for my ptri'b limpid flowing."
r,l?t to the song of the uifiuntuin Stream,
A?? if roils with its heaving moi'uin,
Civlmly relict-ting the sun's last beam,
liro it loses itself in theocean^.
" No inprO through the beautiful vale I'll wend,
I liavo finished life's changeful story ;
Peacefully?thankfully seeking the bud,
' Where withtho main my smallhibuteshall blend.
Smiling not sighing,
I .Singing forever His greatness and jjlory.
t t-rxrt?-'au -UJit'x'i <*???in ' 1 ??->-*! ?
I A DUEL UP NORTH.
IIY dl/AftA AtHUlBTA.
Jonas WhiteOMb atid Silas Jones had t
qttfirrel about the brtot-jaek, on the 25>rd ?>j
May, A. I>. 1 ^0(5. The circumstance.*
were briefly three : ' Jona> purouuscd a patent
boot-jrtdk of traveling"figpni, and Silas'
protested against thft purchaso as a ple'cc
of reckless extravagance; asserting thai
the patent jack wrts no bctttcr than ono lit
had, which was manufactured by hiinsoll
out Of a white-pine, back log! Silas's fool
was none of your Chinese aifairs, but n regular
out-and-outer of Behemoth?fitted b>
boots JS'o. 10; and boot-jack No. ?, back
lr*r* ' "
" > *
Jonan took offence at Silas's plain ppealv
jng, and retorted bitterly, and the war ol
words ran high. At Jength Silas, wIk
hud boon reading tho proceedings of Con
gross, ('belonged JoimIh to fight n'duol, ami
threffitfrhed tu call him " Root-jack Whittecunij"
forever, and thrash him in the bargiiin,
if he refused to fight, doling though I
tue matter oveV, and after due deliberation
concluded he hud ralher bo shot than be
dubbed Knight of tho Root-jack. So'r
meeting wan Vg?cell uf)iou,'to take place the
following day, in Deacon Heed's Utter patch
being somewhat removed from the hitfi\\\;tv
rind therefore favorable for tho tr.)iif-aOfmi
of an affair mbwt peremptorily forbidden b>
f.llO l?iiv? rvf mn*
...... vr. , niyyi
flie weapons' were to bo the belligerents
, own guns, two very ouritma and orlutnp
nrticli'H, by the way, which without doubl
dated baok to the tiinc.H qf Tubal Cain'.-*
They were to have no seenhds, fo| fear o'
betrayal, and afterward# a term of year.s ii
tho gfny }<ton'c palAce of Concord.
The preliminaries being arranged, hotl
parties went homo to prepare tho^neolye.'
for the very comfortable prospect of a break
fast of lead bullet# oft the ensuing morning
Somehow, Mrs. Whitcomb *' got wind"
of the business, and she (being a woman oi
spirit) ealled immediately ou Mrs'. Jouct
and revealed all.
Mrs. Jone*, was a el>uroll member, in
good standing with tho .brethren nnd/?j^
f, tors, and, of courpo, who felt dreadfully a(
tho idea,of boiug tho wifoof u duelist ! Sc
the two women put their ber.ns together,
ami between them iju'^te a little plot Wat
concocted?almost e<jual to the gunpowdei
A?i: .1. ?
>v?v wiaii;ii 111 UII^IIMI lilftWMT..
I It wan proposed that lady shrfult)
inpty tlio content* of her husband'* powder
horn iijto the rivorj arid suK ??tnto hkvuk
sand for tho powdc?'. 'i'hw '.van accordingly
done, after which thtfjr "awnitpd tho result
of tho morning's rencontre with anxious
Nino o'olock fonnd the combatants npou
J)cncon'rt JRowI'h 'tnter lot, ouch with hit
powder horn idong oh hi* shoulder, and his
gun in hi)} hand. Tho distnneo was men*
urcd off-?the two won sohitunly shook
hands, and .thou'jNwpcutively iitoumt'd thail
pos?tion?. At a precoiKjertod signal, encli
raised bin wohpon to his shoulder ntfd?
1 tried tu tiro. But tin; obsfioato thipg*
wouldn't go off? J on tin gave uhoarty tup
at his shoot-in* inih. but. tli nilw udhnnml
ulkily, uh much a? to iuiy.it wduRl do an il
had .Mijjiul to, and no thanks to anybody,
Hilftrt' gun waf? of the name opinion, and fcbt
K mon's cliaiioes of boiifp^whot f?cetn<*d rAthcf
dubious. Jonas, after A littlo whilo, gol
k ' Irritated, nod squatting down on tho^roaud,
I ho pounded In? brttfiral for fifteen minutes
,1* or.ho with ft sharp rook, but vfitluMt pro
duoinft any offo<>t.W)rth mentioning. Tlmi
4| Jonas nwjo up, and flinging tho gun ita flu
f| ?? ho oould ovolt, the hcd#v ho tiriod ottc
9 cnitefullviwr. <x.- -i V iT-5 - '
Ii4jlM? uiition W'iwj th'o l > 4 w'mh i'
wiim in Windm T ; ^
-I wlah niiuo WftH thovo, loO," i.vied'Hi
l?/t> oaiumining riVtillefy Minutely, *htl
finding nothing Hutirtfitotonrjr ubtfnt it* hi
to?8oft It After iTohnn'i i '
Then both m?"? inukod t?t t??oh other, ii
* lihmk dirfiimy.
' What snail wo dot" Oxohrimed Silos
r M di^i'fc kijow/^rcttmujd Jmvu^ '<1*11
fy> \m We take fotVfor U." $:
^ i-w Baft
folon oil >ny right fore finger, and that'll bo
in the way."*' Silas ovidcutly felt bail about
" Well, tVcn, suppose wo kick it out?
" I'm sorry that I can't, accommodate
you, but luy feet are so covered with corns
that it's onpofsiblo, I'll bite with yo, and
that's the best I can do."
" I should be glad to bite ; but the truth
is, my front teeth arc all laUo ones?cost
lifty uyllars?and I kinder don't like to
npile 'cm 1"
" What shall wo do, then ?" asked Silas,
" Lot's fit down here on this log and
consider the matter, I'm tired." Jonas'
red, perspiring fheo spoke more plainly than
his tongue. So the men sat down on the
two extreme ends of the log, and eyed each
other for a while in silence. At length
, Silas arose.
"Ikjok here, neighbor Whit comb, what if
we should make up ? I. hadn't any business
to say anything about your boot-jack, and
I'm sorry I did. I don't doubt but your
jack's a fine thing."
Whitoonib sprang to his feetj and grasped
" Don't say a word about it, neighbor
i ~..u. i i-i- i
f/uiHip j IV a J.f VIII Y 1} null n IU IJUI Illl*. 1.
ought to have been ashamed to huvo got
Imt out nt 80'fltnall a thing; it was nothin'
nit the truth, either. 1?J. ask your forgiveness."
" No, neighbor "\Vhiteotnb, it's I thnt
should mhU /your fovgivenesa. I'm the only
one that's to blame, and I foci heartily
' ahliatnod of myself. 1 could crawl into a
holler log and atny there a fortnight, if it
' would only undo what Tv'edone."
" My donr friend, L beg leave to assure
you timt it is 1, not you, that is in error,
" I tell yon, Whiteomh, it is no such
\ thin^. Jt's nil my' fault; uuj 1 aiu bo
nshu inert that I could? "
" 1 nm the one that ought to oroep into
the hollow log, anil stay thcro till 1 learn
better than to treatn good neighbor in such
a, irtiameful way. I'd no business to get
mad with you lor?"
" " Yen you did, too ! You did just right
?-juSt ns any Christian man would have
' dniirt. unci-, now. jih if'* mv
" "it ain't so! I toll you that I'm the
one thitt'sj to blamo. It'." nil my ungovernable
temper. I't?> got the ugliest teuipor
" of any nujn in "WUfatwold."
" SVhy, noighbor Whftcomb, youi tom1
p<n- can t hold a candle to mine J .1 was
! allers called the quarrclaonieet boy in school,
' and you know it. So it's iuc, and not you,
! that ought to apologize."
" It's false! And if you don't stop con1
trudictiug inc, I'll let you know I've got a
1 temper viorth haying, 1 'd just as leave, light
about temper as bpyt-jacks." Whit colli b
, >yns getting slightly -exasperated.
n 1...TS l >> ?:~.i ? t ... i
. uu 4iuu ujiwu u^iguooi uuiuls, nnu
at it thpy wont, pulling, striking, kicking,
f cufiing, and biting, b'olonrt, false teeth,
" and covijh troit) forgotten, and there was a
general knock down. Jonus rolled over in
1 the mud, with Whiteomb uppermost, or
"toppenuost," an ho afterwards expressed
1 it to his wife; uotwithatand'ng his disadvantage,
ho mnnoged to bite a piece out of
Whitcoiub's. left ear, and Whiteomb very
kindly returned the compliment by imprinting
? glorious .scratch on Jonas' temple.
,1'he contort lasted until the strength of
4 the champions was completely spent. .Jo
nus w;is lying submissively iu a shallow
1 ditch half filled with frogs, mud, unnkes
and water, (tl:? ditch not Jonas,) while
Whiteomb was romantically situated,' his
' head resting oh n rotten stump, and his feet
> hanging gratefully in a neighboring thorn;
There wns n lotig silcnce over Deacon
Heed's 'tater patch, if we except a little
I hnrd hrAlrfliiiiff nrn/>nn<liii? <VAm ?Vi?
r> *W*."''v V""V"
oh At our e\huu<<tcVl friends ; but at length
Whiteonib called out faintly?
" Jonas ; 1
V Well!" *
" lict'n get \?p and go borne."
" Agreed ! 'jJu't bow are wo to do it?"
I Poor Jones wnfl evidently in the "tilough of
i " Wiijt ft little, nnd we'll feci better.?
r Did I serfttyh your fufcq bad ?"
! "No, no, nothing of the leapt eonse
((uendo. l>id I bite your oar bad ?" ,
i "l)On'i mention it, my. dear Jonaw, it
nint worth thinking of, 1 fhonldn't wonder
1 if it Way nigh healed up bv tbi.s time. But
[ cojno, you crawl out ot the ditch, while t
my feet clear of this bn*h. fystrikes
> liio <Wh eart help, one Ajiothwr^-thftt's it?i
tliero, I'll meet yon half way."
? TJ>e two worth ion ere'pt out together,
jdiook hands, nnd after ft great deal of ofc
, vMM<riuk ?w?m r uDvuiuyiimvj niwu Hi/"
On thpir way home, way# Jonnw to Whitk
'ydnib: ' .
1 /"Look herd, neighbor, don't lejft say
f nothin1* about 8|it? t%i' I"
1 ?aya Whi^sWh, HWadymp;
hiifiM?>li* by the fonoe. " if you ever en ten
l;i*o Raying anything abuUt it, (hen hung mo
fur ft boot-jncK. 1" V?rt' 'x& ^
?? - *H^?rr
\ u Oaui^N F/xi, vyhftt ^aro you Egging
j there?" "DJtttrin' the irround sir." "I
don't WKiit ioy vrivdon.ffjfl in thut inuuneiy
1 Wlyit ypu th^ omiruiriua holo
rt>r'?" Betajsd, nii\ ye^ toI?l mo ycMlwri<
M tlmt ywo wa? goin' to get a postotf
i- lionrtr from thotymrtMtinfr^an' that holo'tf
W WAKv owner of tli?t
i! gArdcn (lisnpp^nrw wwucnly.
t k *
General Description of the Gulf Stream, j i
The general description of the Gulf j
Stream, apart from any present question as i
to its soureea, is that of a vast and rapid i
ocean current, issuing from the basin of the 1
Mexican Gulf and ('ariboan Sea, doubling j
the Southern Cape of Florida, pressing for- I
ward to the northeast, in a line almost par- j
tdlel to tho American roast ; touching on !
the southern borders of the Grand Hanks ,
of Newfoundland, and at some seasons p:\rI
tially passing over them ; thence, with in- [
o renal rig width arid diffusion, traversing tho j
whole brondth of the Atlantic, with a central
direction towards tho British Isles;
and finally losing itself, by still wider diffusion,
in the Bay of Biscay, on our shores, !
and upon the long line of the Norwegian 1
coast. Its identity in physical characters .
is preserved throughout the many thousand ,
lulled oi its continuous How, the only change 1
undergojio w that of degree. An its waters j
gradually commingle with those of the surrounding
sea, their deep blue tint declines, j
their high temperature diminishes, the i
spited with which they press forward abates. |
1>IU taKWJg 1110 Htl'Cttln in Its total COllVSo, j <
it well warrants the vivid description of our .
author, and the name he bestows upon it
of "a river in the ocean." This epithet is,
in truth, singuh vly appropriate to this vast
current, Ho constant and continuous in its
course; and so strangely detached from the
great mass of occan waters; which, while
seemingly cleft asunder to give path to its
first impulse, are yet ever pressing upon it,
gradually impairing ;'s force, and destroying
The maximum of velocity, whore the
stream quits the narrow channel of llemini,
which com presses its egress from the gulf,
is about tour miles an hour ; oil (Jape Jluttcras,
?n North Carolina, whore it lias
gained a breadth of seventy-five miles, the
velocity is reduced to three miles. On the
parallel of the Newfoundland Hanks, it is
further reduced to one and a half miles an
hour, arid this gradual abatement of force
is continued across (he Atlantic. The
temperature of the current undergoes a
similar change. The highest observed is
about 85 Fall. Between Capo 11 attorns
and Newfoundland, though lessened in
amount, the warmth of the stream in winter
is still tweuty-fivo or thirty degrees above
that of the ocean through which it flows.
Nor is this heat wholly lost when it reaches
and is spread over th<? coasts of Northern
hurope. I he waters thus constantly flow- !
ing to us from the tropical regions, bring
warmth, jis well as abundant moisture, to
our islands ; and Ireland, especially, upon
which they more dircctly infringe, doubtless
derives much of its peculiarity of clinvite,
its moisture, it.? verdure and abundant
vegetation, from this soureo! But the
influence of the Qulf Stream does not stop
even herer The climate it may be said to
convey, is diftused over the whole iNowegJp.n
const, tlio aspects find produce of which
ttiugulurly contrast with those of the corresponding
latitudes in North America, Greenland,
and Siberia. Other caxiscs, doubtless,
contribute to this effucl, but none, we apprehend,
so largely or unceasingly.
Spectral Illusions?What Science Teach?
The newspapers and periodicals have sot
nflont ngain the story of the apparition,
wlliir'li WAU Sif?icl fn Imvrv n?\rtr>!iforl tr> I ,<.v/l
LyttletOti and predicted his dent It.
Stories of apparitions, or supposed visitors
from the supernatural world, have bfcon
told jn almost every people. It is impossihie,
therefore, to deny that thoy must have
had noino ingredients of truth. Hut as the
appearaneo of Hpcctrca is not only at variance
with the laws of the physical world,
but is contradicted by the analogies of the
spiritual, it follows that hojuo explanation
must be sought for these utrange phenomena,
which >vill explain thcnl satisfactorily,
on fecientifio principles.
. Such an explanation is aflnrdud by modern
physiology. All competont students
of this scienco are agreed that what are
called apparitions, originate in a diseased
condition 01 tnc return, jbroin tiio dark
specks,. like flics, which often nrtpoar to bo
floating before the eye-sight, when the organs
of vision have been overstrained, to
the ''wiord ghost" which on tors the room
anil bookonn to tho victim of eerobral hallucination,
these abnormal spcctaclcg aviso '
from a disturbed condition of tho retina.?
There is nothing (supernatural about them.
They aro simply thy results of disoaso in
one of tho ^nost. delicate organs of tho body.
Tho 'history of apparitions, as l)r. BraipOi*
has nptly remarked, is itaolf sufficient 1
to dostroy thoir claims to tho supernatural.
For-if what was seen was rortlly a disembodied
spirit, and not an illusion, ghosts,
in all agos, would havo boon substantially
aljko fn costumo, if indoc<' thov would huvc
boon apparelled ai all. Hut the history of
apparitions shows that tho sunDOScd sneetro
has always worn tho garb of fns times, hip
rank and his nation. Tho proton dea suporn/:turiil
appoaruncoto of tho anoient
(JrevJw and Romans ctone in the mythological
gtmo of Mai's, Venus, Minerva, or other
god* or goddesses. The rwectios and
dreamors of tho Middle n?e* saw phantom*
of tho V'nCRin pud tho Saitifb. When Lnther
fancied, in a fit of hallucination, that
hq threw his inkstand ab tho dovij, SntJn
iiApearetl iti the shape ant! drew 'n whloh
the popular Imagination of thnt day pictured
him. The ghotsithat Visited Brutus,
' |__ aL . CI -.li-. ?
i in trie c.iuip ksxfws, wd?iq? orinuuo?; |
' tngn of the KqibcUbb. Wh^rt the ffupfxAod
'' . "'
*r ' * /<: f
' * '/
spirit of Manpertius appeared to its old
friend, at Berlin, it came iu knee breeches,
silk stockings and silver-buckled shoes. In
all those casts, evidently, the spectre was
the product of retinal disturbance, actcd on
by memory, or imagination, or both.
Another proof that these appearances
have nothing to do with the supernatural,
is the well authenticated fact that they invariably
refer either to things that are past,
to persons that are dead, or to pictures,
statues or representations of some actual
reality. No man ever yet saw a phantom
resembling what he had never known, or
ncnm or, it it nau form at nil. 111 the dark
nge?, as Dr. Draper remarks", (lio spectres
of African negvoes wero common enough,
but no apparition of an American Indian
is on record till tho voyage of Columbus,
though after that even such apparitions
Tho fact that spc. rral illustrations may
be created by the use of certain drugs, and
that they haunt the victim of mtuiia-a-potu ;
ought to convince impartial miuds that the
origin of all these, supposed supernatural
appearances is in a diseased, or disturbed
condition of the retina, or brain, or both.
vor ii is uiogicai to resort to the supemat-1
and to . * lain a phenomenon, when suiii- |
lav oiios may be explained by law? entirely
natural. Tho broken constitution of Lord.
Lyttlctoti, and the reflection of the wrong#
he bad done, explain his apparition, without
the necessity of resorting to the supernatural.?l'h
A Revolutionary HeroineMany
will remember that towards tho
close of the war, Col. Tarleton passed thro'
North Carolina. Owing to some cause not
known, ho spent two nights in Halifax co., i
one within tho hospitable grovo of Willie
Jones, near the town of Halifax ; "Quanky
' Impel." Either heoausc be was scarce of
provisions and horses, or from a malicious
desire to destroy tho property of Ameriuan
citizens who were opposed to tho British,
ho cnught all the horses, cattle, hoes, and
even fowls tlint he could lay hands on, and
destroyed or appropriated them to his own
USD. The male and most of (ho female inhabitants
of the country lied from the approach
of the British troops, and him themselves
in the swamps and forests adjacent;
and when they passed through the country,
while every one else left tho premises
oh which she lived, Mrs. Powell, ft lien Miss
bishop,) "stood her ground" and faced the
But it would nol do ; they took tho horses
and cattlo, and among tfio former, a favorite
pony of her own, and drove them oft*
to the camp, which was about a mile distant.
Young as she was, sho was determined
to have her pony again, and, as she
must necessarily go to the British camp, to
mum-, 11 one woniu accompany nor.?
And alone she wont, on foot, at night, and
without any weapon of defence; and in duo
liino arrived at thocamp.
1W what means she managed to get an
audience with Tnrleton is not known ; hnt
she appeared beforo him, mmuonuuucd,und
raising herself erect, said :
" I have como to you, sir, to demand restoratioii
of my property, which your knavish
followers stole fiom my father's yard."
" Let mo understand you, miss," said
Tarleion, completely taken by surprise.
" Well, sir,"shosaid, "your roguish men
in red coats camo to my fathoi's houso about
sundown and stole my pony, and I
I ~ 11 1 - I 1 ? . 1 - ?
iiiivu wmituu hkiiiu ami unproiecieu 10 cuum i
and demand him ; and, sir, I must and will
have him. I fear not your men ; they are
base and unprincipled enough to dare to
oiler insult to an unprotected femalo ; but
their cowardly heaits will prevent their doing
her bodily injury."
And just then, by tho light of the camp
firo, espying her own dear little pony at a
short distance, sho continued :
"Thercf, sir, is my horse. I shall mount
him and rido peaceably home; and if you
have any of tho gentlemanly feeling within
you, of which your men are utterly destitute,
or if you h ivo any regard for their
safety, you will see, sir, that I am not interrupted.
But before I go, I wi#h to say
to you, that he who can, and will not provent
this base and cowardly stealing from
lion-roostp, stable and barn-yards, is no bettor,
in my estimation, liian tho moan, goodfor-nothing,
guilty wretches who do the
dirty work with their own hands. Good
And without waiting nififter, she look
her pony and galloped safety homo, for
Turleton was so much astounded that ho
ordered she should bo permitted to do as
Mra. Powell died in hor native county in
1840, alter alio attained a green Old age.-?
On?i of hor grand-sons, Wm.S? Parker, volunteered
in tho Mexican war, anil died at
Oeralvo,. in Mexico. Another, Uichard
Parkor, it residing in Halifax comity, N.C.,
a most estimable and worthy citizen. And
n cjinnd-daughter, Mrs. Mnry ft. Sledge,
(wire of W. T. Jiledgo, onil nistor of ihft two
hrtt named gentlemen,) aho lives in 7T*li.
fax county ; besidos other relatives, who all
no doubt, do justice toiler inomory 5 but
others should do likewise, tor she Whs one
of tho noble apirih of " the times that tried
. Gpooto signifies bne who servos':to rtn fn.
f*rior station. The name of brJdogrbom
wr?n former!^ givou to tb? nftw married, beonusoii
was otulomary for hfm ?t<| wrtit at
mble on hit bride and friefaU oft his wedding
day, * ' +
% + * _ * '
"V . 1 ."-"J".. .. -1 "
Tho Richmond Hnqtiircr gives tho following
vory truthful distinction of tho divisions
of llio Democracy ' 1
To bo a Stato Kights Democrat is to bo 1
nil ndvocatc of tho Union, as long as tho
South is safe within it, and to hold in reserve
secession, as tho remedy, when State
sovereignty and tlio Constitution are in ado- i
quale to tho maintenance of Southern in- <
torcsts and tho defence of Southern honor.
To be a Disunion Democrat, is to deny tho
efficacy of tho Confederacy, to abandon all
liopo of peiico and desire fur fraternal fnond
Bin|> wuu uiti in oftli, and lo contend that
a separation of tho slavo and anti-slavc
Suites is to bo wished and worked for earnestly
and industriously by llie people of tlie
South. The one only asks that tlie Governtncul
shall be administered impartially,
as it was originated and designed for tho
benefit of nil parts nnd portions, of each
Stato and hcction of our common country ; :
remonstrating against every indication of
aggression upon the States, but unwilling <
to cry out for disunion on account of evorv
imaginary grievanco. Tho other looks with
an eve of prejudice upon each act of the
L'Vdunil Government, regards with distrust
the protestations, aye, tunnlv acts of our
..n: i .1. - 1
nmv;.-> iiim muiuits Hb iuo norm, ana is ever i
arguing, or rather ranting, to provo that
tho South is sacrificing herself for the sako
of the Union, that the Constitution is altogether
annulled, ami that thcro is no security
for slavery except in separation. The
Stale Rights Democrat is ho who would i
raise tho war cry of Southern secession, in ]
such an event as tho election of a Black
Republican President, or the restoration of 1
tlio Missouri Compromise, but who sees as
yet nothing to justify a disruption of tho j
confederacy, and hopes for tho poipctuity j
of (ho Union, l?y an unprejudiced and ini- i
partial enforcement of tho Constitution.? i
The Disunion Democrat is he, who, reckless ,
of consequences, and reerardless of tho fmst i .
that tlio government is still in llio hands of j ,
able, honest and patriotic! n)on, that aboli- j
tionistn has been beaten again in itsoQ'orts ]
to seize upon tho rein's of" power, and that
tho South is still Secure in her rights,would <
dissever tho North and South to-morrow, j
and lind no regret in the thought that in <
the burial ground of nations, tho resting t
plaeo of this Union would bo marked by a ]
broken column. Tho Stato Rights Demo- '
oraey aro unwilling to abandon tho Union
yet. But, while they hope to perpetuate
: n it.- -e *i o- .1 i
II, auuuiu uiu rigllia Ol IIIO OOIUU DOCOI11G
insecuro in iis keeping, they will not Iiositalo
to unfurl a flag of independouce with i
only fifteen stars upon it. I
The First Locomotive.?The Chat-los- 1
ton Mercury ^ Ives an interesting account 1
of the first locomotive built in this country.
It nays that the South Carolina Railroad i
was the first one commenced in the United
States, to be worked by steam power, and |
when finishv'd and roady for use, which ?
was on the 2d of October, 1838, it was the I
longest railroad in the world?it being 1.36 i
miles from C'luyleston to Hamburg. It was i
the first railroad in the United States that 1
carried the mails, and the first locomotive '
built in this country was constructed for
an J used on that road.
flit!- ! - 111 * ?
i iiik cugiiio woum 00 a curiosity it piaecd
alongside of one of Norm' ur Baldwin'#
last improvement. Lt was named the
"Host I' riend," and was built under the
direHin i of Mr. E. Ji. Miller, of Walter?
boro, at tlm West Point foundry of Messry.
Korhble, X. Y. Tne engine had no ten-J
der, but carried its own wood and water.? :
Tlio wheels were of wood, with spokes like
a wagon, and tho wheel armed with n
wrought iron tiro. The engineer who rxin
the thst locomotive that was used on this,
or any otncr road in the United states, was
N. Jv. Darrcll, an apprentice brought up in
Dotterer's machine shop.
After u few, trips, the wooden wheels of
the "Best Friend" gave way, and were replaced
hy cast iron ones, the patterns for
which was made, and the wheels cast, by ,
another .of loiterer's apprentice boys, .7.
f). Potsch, then the foreman of thut well
known establishment: Theso, it, is believed,
were the first oast iron wheels ufced on ,
railroads in this country. The "Best
Friond" blew up ufter n brief career, and
from its wreck another engine was built by
by Mr. Petsoli, at the Couipafty'tt work
slioj), of which ho wau then in charge. It.
was culled tho Phtonix. l'rovioiudy to
this tho ovank axlo hud bepn used, hut. in
the ro-constn\etion of this engine, ^tr. J.
V. Petseh introduced the strait axlo with
outside Oonricxions, 'and ijIko wrought iron
tiros on the enst. iron driving whcols, neither
of which, it is believed, had before been
tried in this country.
MotjNT Vkunon.?-One or move of the
Masonic L?origo* of ftichmond, have organ- 1
iVAa n plan to purchnso t'lount Vernon. It
in to get the subordinate lodges to eoutvlbuto
31 per each inon?ber. The price-asked
foy the Mount Veruoii estate is 8200,000,
and the Masonic aUitistion show that the
order mini Ws tlirw hundred thousand; 8<j
that if all the ImlgQ.s in the Union accede to
tlto Y.ortcfllitiou- and the probability is that
tlloy will?-the ptirohnse of Mount Vernon
may b? looked upon n's a fixed fact. The
snfg'gestinn. ah given out, does not stop here.
When tho iftnd Is pojftfatwftd by the Masons,
thoy propose to preaont it to tho fltutc of 1
Virgiuia, only re??rvh>g to their order the
right to meet around the tomb of their deceased
broth or ooe.6 ovary year, to cclebrafce
l?i? imporiiihablft 4?ods, and to Jceep aliVfl [
Bis gi^at norJhpQpfch. I
i * ' . * '
* *? . , m,
A riliip, becalmed at sea, lay rocking In-*
zily. A sprightly lad, t1i6 captain's only
gou, not kno.wiufc what to (lo, hogHn misujiievioufjly
to ohuib tbo mast. 1 lo had got
hall' way to the toj>, when turning hi.s eyort
below to SCO how far lie was from the dock,
lie suddenly grow dizzy. "I am falling, I
Hill falling," ho oried. "Look aloft," shoVltod
his father, who at that moment was leaving
hi* cabin. The hov, accustomed instantly
to obey that voice, looked up to
where the main-truck swung against tbo
sky, recovered heart, went on, and was saved".
Wo do hot give the anecdote as new.?*
rv,..i.ii ? < ?
i 'umiiiiw l-vuiv <; 01 our reauers liavo
heard if before. J>uf tho story has a significance
not always noticed. Others, besides
tin- captain's son, have been saved by looking
up. In t ho dizxy ascent of life many a
man ban been on the point of falling, when
some sudden tbougbt has bidden bim "look
ii])ho baa taken courage, hns persevored,
has won the prize. Bruce, when ho
Paw the spider tail six times, yet succeeded
at the seventh, was of this class. Ho
was Washington, when Cornwallis had
driven him across tho Dele ware, and when,
instead of giving up in despair, he suddenly
collected all his resources, fell on tho
British lines and achieved the victory at
There come times iu tho experience even
oi mo ma vest wiien tho heart is ready to
give up. Affliottun after affliction, for exuniplc,
lias a.ssnijed him till hope itself despairs.
Perhaps a favorite child lias been
suddenly stricken down. Perhaps a terrible
epidemic lias destroyed more than ono
little one. Perlnips the wife of his bosom
is nr> moro. lVrha^v, by ono of those catastrophes
which occasionally occur, his enLire
family has been swept into eternity in
i moment of time, in tho twinkling of an
oyc. Ho feels as it'there was no longer any
object for him in life. In the first, uh.wdr
jf his agdny lie would not care even ifnowH
was brought to him that his fortunes were
bankrupt, that ho was a disgraced beggar.
Hut, by and by, v still, .small voice within
whispers, "lookup." lie sees tlmt the sky
is still as bright as ever, the tftcoxo as hies- - >*
?ed, the trues as beautiful, lie. hears tho
waters run, leaping artd laughing down tho
liill side, glistening in silver as they go.?
The earth is not less lovely than before,
the stars arc as numberless, the ocean and
mountains as sublime. His fellow-creatures
have the same kindly hearts towards
him. lip owes them the s uue old duties.
(irndunllv lin ranltanu flint l>? l...u >...?
j vn.v tiu ???*.- iiiiivu ycu
to live for. T11 time even lie regains a sublued
and quiet happiness. He haa learn3d
to "look up."
A great financial crisis overtakes the
strong man in the midst of his scliotncs.?
lie gathers up all his resources, contending
gallantly and desperately long after hope is
iver; utntggling for his family rather than
himself; fighting, agonizing, like Laocoon
in the serpent's fold?. It will nofcdo. The
mighty whirlwind, whose outer eddies he
lias been striving to resist, wheels down
upon him in all its power ; hois? torn up in
an instant; ho is hurled ou the ground, ho
is loft breathless, bruised nnd seemingly
cloud. At lirst, when he. regains sonnntion
alter the overwhelming shock, he is withr>ut
hope. lie has neither strength nor
wish ti) resume his work. lie is willing
that the tempest shall sweep tho wrecks of ,
his fortune out of sight forever. It is useless,
he says to himself, even to try to regain
what he hits lost. At last a gentle
wife or sympathizing friend bids him not
to despair. "Look up," they say. Ho
looks. At once ho is a new man. lie recovers
his mime and fortune.
iii i:\ury VUUUIIIHUIIIUU OI 11IC, "100K lip/'
Arc you about to enter a profession ? Aim
at no secondary success; iix your mark
high; "lookup." Are, you a merchant'!
Become Joader in your business, and to do
this, first "look up." Arc you ambitious
of political destiny ? Scorn to bo a mora
demagogue; vcsolve to bo a statesman;
"look lip." Is authorship yoiir wish ?
Kndeavor to tako rank among the classics
of vour language by studying manner na
well n? matter; nsptrc to triumph greatly
nnd permanently, rather thnn pronnitnrelvi
in u word, "look up." Ah ! tf nil Would
only "look up." Hut souio never heor tlw
cheering word*. Home/disregard them.?
Of the thousands wlio have failed utterly
in life, or iu<it only secondary huoochs, tlio
majority awe thoir infcfortnneM to not looking
up. Tri Borrow or dutoter, romcnVfyer
the lx>y upon tli6- diziy lhnat, aiii "look
up, look Sim.
Tiif, Bi.nr, Hindis Tunn'-i,.?We a
paragraph going the round* of paper* out
of the State, as well n? in it, that the Jiluo
Ridge Tunnol will not be ready for tho
parage of tho corn for two yearn. Wo nildcratand
from f'ol. Omret, tho Ohief Engineer,
that tho work will b(; completed in n
few weeks, with the oxfceiltion of some arch
mpf,' Wlftoh, however, he doen not think
necessary, and which will not .interfere with
the passage of the twins, The public will
rftjnico to loftrii that this groat work if* po
neat it# completion, fln<l Ata Central Hood
will *oon have a straight shoot through tho
bowols of tho THuc ttldgo. Whom thnt connurtmrUion
arrives, there will no longer bo
mountain barrier ta-twevn Print nnd wont,
and m the Ocntrul Road progiWHCP woHhall
beoomo o?m Virginia in interests, feeling*,
and K>cial and oommoreiul intoooouimuuication.?Richmond
t * V
*, ' ^