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"TO THINE OWN SELF BE TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS T1IK NIGHT THE DAY, THOU CAVST NOT THEN 15L FALSE TO ANY MAN."
I . KY ltOirT. A. THOMPSON*. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1857. VOL. IX. NO. <X
Life, Death and Eternity.
A shadow moving by 0110 ? side,
That would a substance fiociri,?^
That is, yet is not?ttiough ilcsoribtHt?
Like skies beneath the stream ^
A trco that's over ii\ tins bloom,
Whose fruit i.-j never ripe;
A wisll lor joys .that never coinc?
Such uVc the hopes oi' Life.
A (lark, inevitable bight,
A blank that will remain ;
A wailing fou the morning light,
When waiting is in vm1iv;
A gull' whore pat.1;way never led
Trt show tho <lepth beneath ;
A thiug wo know not, yet wo dread?
That drcadeil thing i? Death.
The vanltpfl vrthl <>f miriiln ?Uv
-Tilsit everywhere extends,
Tliitt stretches from t!ic diuilcd oyo,
in Hpituc that noyoi' eiuls;
A moVning, whose uprisen sun
sol'itig c'or Min-11 sc.ii;
A day that coshes' without si moon-*?
Such is Ktei'iity.
ULi U-i. .'J-'U1.1 ? ! J
The Democrats of Kansas?The Great
Demooratio Meeting at Osawkec.
At a democratic meeting held in front of
the O.-mwkoc House, in tho town of Osawkec,
Kansas Territory, on Mondny evening,
August 10, 1857? Judge Rush Elmorowas
qalled to the chair, uud Pascal S. Parks,
and William J. Preston were uppointod
Secretaries. The Prcsidont Btotod tlvo ob
ject of the meeting in a few anin'ouriato rc
marks; after which, on motion, Wilson
Shannon, .7. AV. Martin, W. II. Tobb.s,
VV. b\ ])yev, J. II. St..Matthew, D. D.
Hums, 8. 15. Garrett, 11. <S. Stevens, Hugh
Oamcmn, I). V?n<lor?lice, and J. A. llaldcrman,
were appointed a committee to
draught resolutions expressive of the sense
of the meeting.
After the committee retired General J.
W. Whitfield was called to the stand, and
addressed the audience in a few well-timed
and spirited remarks. Although his position
and his duties now were hot of a political
character, yet many had made froinquiries
as to how ho stood upon the
ir issue in Kansas, and he gladly embraced
the opportunity hero preseutccl of stutinp
his position lully, frankly, and fearlessly,
lie was a democrat of. the old school, and
as jrood a pro-slavery man as could be found
in tho Territory, lie differed from man)
so-called pro-slaver)' moil, however. lit
inndo hi;* ido-w upon tho " peculiar institu
tion" subservient to. his democracy, and
thought that as good democrats lived in
New York as lived in Louisiana.
He wag oiuphatioally in favor of submit
ting tho constitution which wiil bo framed
at Leeompton in iSeptomber next to tht
people of the Territory. As to who wort
tho people ho did not assume the province
of determining ; but gave it as his opinioi:
that tho convention should leave this ques
tion to bo nettled by the territorial law
which prescribes a residence of six monthf
as one of tho quulifidutions of u voteh lit
bus heard with astonishment that men pro
fessing to be democrats and memhors o
liiu cum vein ion wero Ditteiiy opposcU t<
Bubmitting the constitution to tho people
llo was prcparod to tell all suoh mon tlm
ho did not believe that suoli a coiiKtitutioi
as thoy wished to adopt would roooivc toi
votes in Odngvesa, and he djd hot think i
ought to. llo Was of tl\c opinion that i
would- bean unparalleled, piece of inipu
denoo to ask mon who wero pledged to th<
doctrine of allowing the people of tho Tor
ritory, to form their own institution iu thoi
own \yay, to stultify themselves and voti
for a constitution which probably did no
contain tho viewa and wishos of u majority
of tho bona fitbi citizens of KansnH. Hi
warned tho mcmbora of th)it CQnventioi
| that a failure to refer their constitution t<
tho pcoplo for rat illeation would nut moo
the favor from the dcinocracy of ICanaaf
.11 1--1 I- ?
uuu no jMiiuglsu 111 instil [ 111 8110 U nil OVOU
to bo among the lirnt to call a mooting o
all true democrats of the Territory t'ffl tli
purpose of ojiposing tho constitution of tha
/ convention, aud petitioning to Congress t
llo endorsed Gov. "Walker in luBspcouh
oft, proclamation, and acts, and ho ojtpresact
an abiding confulcnuc that his Excollcnc;
.V would hoIvo tho groat problom.of solf-gov
p cn'iimont amicably, equitably, aud to th
entire satisfaction of all national men. II
Hpoko in southing terms of those know-noth
ing emissaries who liavo sought, and cr
Bcokiug, to load the domoi-rute of tho Tcv
ritory, particularly 'hoap who, without ovo
having >i drop of Uemoorutio blood in thoi
vciu3, hit J bcou. milking speechesin Mis
souri, and askinu tho people-of that Stat
to ooiue over aiul voto at our October ol?<
tion. Ho knew them well, and theniotiy
Ktliat aotuatod tbciu. After having sol
out to tho black rcpubli<5anH in K?n?a?
I tlioy sought to rein&fcivto themselves in th
, ^ good graces of .tho Miswathuia by just 8i\e
Js contemptible buihbuggory as invoking tbei
aid in.the coming elections. Such iiue
were unauthorised, and all their labors i
this regard would bofruitiest*. No wai
H person belie mi! that a riinglo man froi
Missouri wsk: fittming into Kansas to vol
; ut tbo elect i<ui. The speaker mado tyaU
move, home thrusts whiuh caoapeu ihe pe
of the reporter, At tho cojmhwion of th
across, the committee,. \w 8, B- jukirrot
reported the following- resolutions:
Wbercaa, the time in anuroachitio wbm
in acoordK?i)<<0'.vUI? tlio provision* of fcli
orgauiu act, the peoploof && 'fevrWy wi
be called upon to exercise the highest; priv- |
ilege of frdomen in the selection of a territorial
legislature and delegate to Congress ; J
and whereas the principles arid position of
tho democratic party in this Territory have
bcCu greatly misunderstood, or wilfully!
misrepresented, it is due to ourselves, to
tho cause of truth, aud to true national .
democrats everywhere, who sympathize with ,
us in our effoit to establish correct principles
in this embryo State, soon to talce her
place in the confederacy, invested with all :
the powers of State sovereignty, that we I
oiivvum luuau ci jmiuhu ui;v;itii(iiiuu ui uui j
principle^ and define our position so clear- (
ly that noither friend nor foe can mistake !
tne ground wo occupy, or mistake the policy
wo advocate, without subjecting himself
to the charge of gross and wilful misrepresentation,
Jtvaolvoly That, as members of the national
democratic party of Kansas and of ;
il.. IT..: 1. ... T 1 1 f?
iin: v iiiuu, wo navy uiiuuumisueu conndonee
in the priuciple so distinctly enunciated
in tlic organic law of tlio Territory,
(known as the Kansas-Nebraska act) that
"the people .should regulate their affairs and
shape their institutions in their own way;"
that any principle antagonistic: to this is an
i.i"uiitc*tiv; tu tuu uuiimiiuliuii, runuguiiui; iu
(the gouius and spirit of our institutions,
and subversive of civil liberty, social order,
and political equality among the States and j
vhe people thereof.
Resolved, That we regret that designing !
demagogues and insane fanatics in other
States, in violation of this great principle,
have unwarrantably interfered iu the domestic
affairs of this Territory, and that
their machinations have been so far successful
as to engender unkind and hostile
feelings among our people, estrange those
who should live in fraternal concord, and
convert our beautiful Territory into a thea,
../? >...! K1 ) ..1.1.1
VIV^ */? *_ I * it UlCHV/liOIVMI, OH ilUj ilUVl UUHJU-ailCU.
Jlcgolvcrfy That wo hail with pleasure
the dawn of a brighter ami uiore auspicious
day, the return of amicable and friendly intercourse
aiimng the people of the Territory,
the free and full disctiisiou of all questions
aiTccting our political eonditiou and
r welfare; and that we reprobate the efforts
of all individuals and factions, hero or elsc^
. where, who, by their incendiary appeals to
' the prejudices and passions of the multitude,
seek to sow Qgaiu the seeds of disj
cord, and revive (ho unhappy and suicidal
Strife which destroyed the peace, paralyzed
, the prosperity of the Territory, and dreneh
I. VU A UJ jlMUIUl? Ill IKIiVllJUl UlUUll.
Resolved, That wo hurl back yito the
teeth of our opponents the charge that any
person, with the sanction of true democracy
of this torrritdry, is invoicing "foreign
I ! aid" at our approaching elections ; that, if
, any persons arc making such appeals to t he
| peoplo of an}' State, adjacent or remote,
[ they are disappointed qspirants, or malicious
| agitators, whose conduct we utterly rcpudiato
nhd condemn, denying that the denuv
ooratic "party should Inv held responsible for
^ the ravings of a political madman, or the
, acts of emissaries employed by our opponents,
to attach odium to our name and
j. bring defeat to our ban net;.
) Itosylvcrf, That in Kobcrt J. Walker,
govern o1f of this Territory, we recognize an
I able and sagacious statesman, whose ability
, and patriotism, conceded on all sides in
..<* 1? i.~
i umi uiu^iiwuiMiu yiu vji vai Uifltui J HllUll UU
t encountered as adversaries such intellectut,
al giants as Clay and AVcbst-r, oannot be
. <[uw<tionccl by the pigntica of this gonorti3
lion ; that our thanks are due to the Presi.
dent for thq honor conferred upon thisTcrritovy
by the .selection of such n man as its
3 executive ruler?suoh selection evincing
t a due souse on his part of the difficulties atP
tending the .solution of the great problem
[) of self-government in Kansas, and at tlie
, jjiunc .tiinu a pntcviinl solicitude for its wclj
faro; tha^in the policy indicated in the
t inaugural address of Governor Walker we
discern n strict udhcrnnoo to the principles
t v,f the KausaH-Nebruska act and of true naf
tional democracy, and that in accordance
o with those principles, and for tho reasons
< l>v f.Un miVfti'ilAr Mm nnn?ti(iifinn
i> - r? "j n* 1 ?*} v"u vv..?w.v?v.v?.
0 to bo framed by the convention soon to assemble
will he'submitted to tlio people, ami
_ that ?8 democrats wo belice that any con1
stitntion not tfo submitted "will bo and
y ought to bq, rejected by Congress."
Jtcaolixu], Thfct tho condemnation of Gov.
(. YVnjker by the extremist# of both sections,
(f inqir living thousands of miles away, b the
ljost ypidcnce of tho wisdom and justice of
u bin policy, and that wo nay to all such.
- "flnnds off, gcntlcmou ! Kansas is ot)ra j
r in due timo slu. will ask for admittance into
tho Union, vvjth a republican form of govi.
orumortt, and until then let us manage our
0 own. affairs, undisturbed by any outside in).
e The ro)*olutioh8 which wero read by Mr.
J Gbinuitt in a clear and distinct voice, elicit4,
ad much applause, and wore adopted'unano
, *r- *u i? n ij. i ?i_ *
ft mr, i>, unrmiu wim cmuiMMijMtn,
\v arid reapondcd in n no?t, and elegant, and
n pithy Hpoeoh. Having introduced, he, of
n course, fully ondovsod tho r<wolitfious ol
i0 the coramitteo, and wa# proud to hom< thoijc
? glorious prineiploa of the national demo;0
cratio party, whloh aro advocated and rey
sorvod in cvory Hootioii of tho Uniou, roit?
erntod upon tho noil of Kni'inn*. Although
i.s a 3trnriger in ? Hfcrajjgo lana, vet ho. JWt
t, among hia frioudrt when a'ueh dootrSno
' wore wmneifttcd: lie had ho,on tho wtrug(ylu
till! fiii'il IvtRWlirA nf t.lin KiinunaJ4i'i>v::a.
I ??"V? ' ..V *?i?uiai?>
1(j ka aotia V'Ongms#) iind) like many oi ft>
Jl?advocates, ho feH. bow: do\?bt #6 t9 W* ita
mediate practical success. lie liad wit- ct
uossed its repeated infraction in this Terri- oi
tory by professed friends and avowed ene- b
mios; but lie believed that time was past, d
Already be saw the dawn of a brighter and tl
uioro glorious epoch in the history of Kan- o
sas, and congratulated the friends of popu- 11
lar sovereignty everywhere upon their tri- r<
uuiph. Re full , ondorscd (Jov. Walker's o
course, and spoke in highly laudatory tonus r<
of the man, the patriot, and the statesman, ti
tr a ~.i ....* 1 a\ i. it.
i1u wuillcu liu uullcl uyiuulluu willi v ho tl
Governor was right than to hear the insane ?
ravings of tlic fanatic*) of tho North nnd of o
the South, lie believed that under the be- b
nign influence of popular sovereignty, as c
equitably enforced by Gov. Walker, the a
time was not far distant when, blooming as
a garden and blossoming as tho rose, with n
peace, contentment, and happiness as tlie d
great distinguished characteristics of her ci
neonle. Kansas would take hfcr nloc'e aloner- c
.sitlo of her older sisters and add another o
star to the national constellation. Mr.
Oarnott although a comparative .stranger, o
made a deep and lasting impression upon t<
his audience, and his chaste and eloquent 1
remarks found a response in every heart. h
On motion of Mr. R. S. Stovens, the it
proceedings of this meeting wore ordered a
to be published in the " National Demo- \i
crat," with the request that nil democratic e
papers throughout the Territory copy same, c
| On motion, at a late hour, the meeting ad- t
] T? l,' /
juuiiivu. uiMi rjii.Muur^ i luijiuuuv. ^
1\ S. Parks, ) ? . t
W. J. ]>HK?TON,|^^anes- t
Prom tlio Ktlgeficld Advertiser.
To tlio Managers of Elections of South |
The undersigned Committee on the part ^
of the Managers of Edgefield beg leave to v
call the attention of the Managers through- ,,
out the State to the accompanying Resplu- ;
_.i ii a. l.i i u .1 i r\ t r
uons passed oy mem at iMigeueiu v.. ri., |
on the 15th (lay of October 1850. s
Whereas, Tho Managers of Elections j
find it onerous and expensive in discharg- ^
ing the <lnty assigned to thoni, and beliov- ?
ing that some compensation should he al- c
lowed as an incentive to a faithful discharge ^
of duty?past experience having p>oved that
incompetency and neglect of Managers ,
in several instances, has caused elections to j
he contested and thereby run the State to (
needless expense. And Whereas, we believe
that if some compensation wore nl- v
lowed, willing and competent persons will
he found to cot t.^ct the elections and guard j
the purity of the ballot box so necessary in (
a Republican Government. Be it there- ,
Resolved, That a Committee of three be ^
appointed by the Chair to memorialize the j
Legislature 011 the subject?asking that
.Managers of "Elections be exempt from
patrol and Militia duty, and that they open
the polls but one day and couut tho votes
at their respective precincts.
Whereupon Messrs. E. \V. Seibels, Thomas
Crafton and Patrick Coleman, were '
appointed by the Chair. <
Resolved, That we respectfully invite 1
iXx . T T^l A 1 1 A. i 1. .. i
IIIU AHUUil*;i*<r? U1 rJlt'UUUUH MllUUgllUtll# bill! '
State to join us by making a similar poti- (
Rctolve.d, That the Secretary of this <
meeting send a copy of these proceedings 1
to the Chairman of the Managers in each 1
In compliance with these Resolutions we
drew up a petition to the Legislature which,
we are pleased to learn, met with a very
favorable consideration by the Committee
on Privileges and Elections, and is to be
reported on at the next meeting of the
The Committee will doubtless be influenced
in their report by the interest manifested
by Managers in other Districts, and,
althouorh wo know there is no cencral elee
tion whioli will cull the Managers together
before the next Session, still if the (Ih'ainrum
of the Managers at each Court House would
draw up a petition, a portion if not a majority,
of the Managers could sign and have
thoir petit?'; is before the Committee by tho
4tb Monday in November nex*. This
would greatly strengthen our position and
insure a favorable report which is very dc
sirablfl, for uiilov somo law is passed then,
no change can be effected under four years;
for tho changes, asked for in our petition,
requires art alteration cf tho Constitution,
which can only be done uy two J-legislat ures
of different Sessions.
Any one that will examine the Ttecords
of the Legislature for ' the last thirty years,
and bcc the thousands of dollars expended
on contested elections (most if not all.of
which >uuy ho attributed to tho negligence*
nud perhaps ignorance of Manager#) will
he easily convinced, that soino dfiafrgo iu
our systora of conducting elections is needed.
No reason can be found, or invented,
why Managers of Elections should no^ bo
qfompensutcd in some way for their services
which are required by law to bo rendered
I oQ certain days, however inconvenient, or,
, <$Xpen,sivo it may be to them, lhorc nro
p among the fifteen hundred MaiiagorH in
the Stato, many poor weiY, whose absencio
1 fr6m home two or three dayrf in nn item of
importance. When ho has to rido from
^twenty to sixty miles and nay the attendant
'expon^o qriirfreh n trip, it becomes ft Inirdon
wllirll ew nn wiHin;; f.? lirar.
It in uotpless to expect M16 purity of the
ballot box to bo rigidly preserved nntil
SOmO law is pawed that holds out an h<ducomorit
for J}?on to becenio .Munageiu?1
Under the pre?ent%Hfyui A. rcqnesta that
y* IS. he apposed qy on piacej wwou ia nc*
??^* ? ? 11 i n??M ai ii !>?? ?? >i ww?i
Jrdingly done, however incompetent he is,
r uicoii ccuunt it may be for hint to serve ;
a has never seen the laws defining the
uties fthd powers of Managers, and (we
link it very doubtful whether one-tenth
I the Managers have ever seen thein,) it is
ot probable that ho cau repeat the oath
.quired to be taken before the polls are
peiicd. Flo proceeds therefore in an irsgular,
illegal manner in this most imporint
business?serves one term, has Mr. C.
ppoiuted in his place ; and thus the thing
oes on almost in Vegulav l'ot.atioii; every
lie anxio\is t%."get out ot'-w nlTico that
nnge* nciinwTOno* nov profit, but on the i
uptrary attended invariably with trouble
There are also many objections to the
laniier of counting votes: it opens the I
oor to fraud and corruption in (he most ;
uticing manner. We do not speak, of I
Diirse, for all the Districts, but generally '
ne Manager takes charge of the box or bag <
hen the polls close, and he thus hits every i
pportunity, without the possibility of do- !
fiction, of changing the votes before he <
caches the Court House, and no means is
eft of ascertaining whether the true result
* given or not. Perhaps ton, he may be
ssiatcd in counting the ballots by some
inscimpulous pc m, for instead of the
ountinir of the onllots bcinsr exclusively
onfinod to the Managers, which in tho inent.ion
of the law strictly interpreted and
to perform their duty correctly, it appears
o us that all the Managers who assemble
o count tho votos should meet in the Court
louse and then and there count the votes
nd declare the election,") it is the custom
or each Manager on arriving at the Court
Tousc, to got any one ho can to assist him
o count the ballota'whicli he has brought
ip, and they retire to any convenient place,
nd in this loose way a most important duty
h discharged. Under such circumstances,
t is not impossible for a dishonest partisan,
vho may be pecuniarily interested to change
lie result of the election. We think it
vould be best for the ballots to be counted
it each precinct immediately after the polls
:lose, when persons interested on both sides
vould probably be present, and let the
Managers certify the result, and sign their
mines aud appoint one ot tneir number to
ukc tlie votes and the result so certified to
lie Court House, where lie should be compelled,
under penalty, to appear with the
lame on the day following at 2 ocloek, 1'. M.
Having set forth our views in )ur pctiion,
we refrain from saying more at presint.
The subject in one ot' great interest
md we ask our brother Managers of the
itiier jjihmiuio tu snow some iiiku wi in i
,hia important matter which will roshlt
Dcncflcially to all
E. W. Skihki.p, *j
Patrick. Coleman, [ Committee.
Tiiomas Ckafton. )
Lottisvitj-b, Kv., Sept. 1.?The lT. S.
Agricultural Exhibition opened here yesterday.
Marsha) P. Wilder made an elo(uont
address. Fifteen thousand persons
ivere present, half of whom were ladies, the
Sower of old Kentuck'. Many distinguished
visitors wore also present.
The day was devoted to the trial of speed
... iu? * ...wl
iu till; luuu wuinuj anii tuu vuiuiiuii y
tiibition of horses. Six or seven hundred
bead of superior stock wore entered. Entries
still being made. Weather delightful.
Tiik present, aged and able Secretary of
State, General Cass, being invited to address
the Michigan State S. S. Convention,
" It will afford me pleasure to accept your
invitation. I appreciate the importance of
our Sunday Schools, and I consider tin ir
institution among the most valuable ai d j
efficient means of religious improvement
that have come in our day to encourage the
noble efforts which are making to ameliorate
the moral condition of the world. And
no reflecting man can look abroad upon
the dangerous and dolusive vagaries which
tindev the name ot religion, take possession
day by day of tho hearts and minds of men,
lending to individual and social depravity,
without being deeply impressed with the
importance of zealous and concentrated exertions
to chock the great and threatening
evil. And it can best be effectually checked
by training the youthful mind in the knowledge
of God and ihe truths of I lis revelation.
Standing on this vantage ground,
the battle may be tought and won. And
I, for one, belieyo tho cout^t to be one of
the most moSM^ous which society has ever
t/v,eh engaged in, and the Sunday School
tuition oi tlie youth an Assured means, undefjpffoa,"
of eventual fmcccsa. So believing,'
my prayerH and beat, wishes arc with
"Mv son," said an indulgent. father to
the only representative of himself, "you
should always think three times betbro yon
apeak'.-" One day, as the father and son
wen Blinding at the firo, the former's coat:
tail caught firo witl otlt his noticing it.?^
The son thought ho would 'think' a little,
and said : "Hut, father, I think." "What
i ii.' i. !?d > iiiirlA. r_41.? t
ao you C'lituK i - 11 y9 iiinivr, i vuiun
your coat-tail'M on firo," cri?d he, jotting
out of the room, for four of fouling hix fat liar's
LiItt.f, ftoy. " When T got bigger, Mr,
lirown, you'l lcfc 111c rido vO^tr horao vron't
you?" Mr. fl^otVn; "Why, Charlht, J
haven't any horse; what mode yoti think
no t" (Iharli^. " Why, I heard mother
HaV this mornirig that, you had been riding
a high horce lately A |;
Every year, says tho Columbus Sun,
housands of Southern gentlemen of mentis t
md leisure, to escapo tho tedium of tho i
lull summer months, go to Northern wacring
places to pass away their time and t
lie money they havo amassed by sharp
lualing with their Southern brethren, ap- (
larently unmindful or careless of the fact c
hat they have watering places at the South j
?qual in quality of water, beauty of scenc
y, aristocracy 01 company, anu auracuve- i
icss generally to any of those North of ]
Mason and Dixon's line. This, of course,
they have a right to do, as the money is,
in many instances, their own, and they
have a right to spend it when, where, and
how the)* please. The taste, however, of
lavishing money upon those who despise
toil contemn them is not only very ques* '
lionablo but decidedly bad, and betrays a 1
?pirit entirely foreign from boasted South- i (
jrn chivalry. The. people of the North, as | '
!i *Ti*?n/?r nl t In nrn Iniicrlit t n InnL* iimhh
e>~"~ t>' "'7 - *
Southerners as an inferior onus of people,
deficient in all the accomplishments of bead
and heart requisite in tho character of iho
true lady or gentleman, and hence, tho intercourse
between tho two must bo eonstrained,
and that sociability necessary tor
true enjoyment is entirely wanting, which
it strikes lis. would make a summer at a
Northern watering place very monotonous
and disagreeable to a Southerner wit.? a
proper spirit of pride find self appreciation.
Apart from this, to a Southerner who bas
been in the habit of having his commands
obeyed at all public hotels and else who re,
by colored servants, it must chafe their spirits
very much to be answered in the uncivil
and rude manner generally employed by
the colored servants at the Northern watering
places, even to the simplest, most reasonable
and politest request. To all Southortioi'Q
flinv iKunmA n 1?si 111 miPi- 11? ji t icliwrli.
?...N..?VW .........^v.v ...fe..
ly insulting;, and which but few Southern
gntlemeii ol'spirit can bear, and hence it
is, that every year wo hear the announcement
of a terrible and, perhaps, fatal riot
between some party of Southern gentlemen
and colored waiters at Northern watering
places. To-day wo copy the accounts of
two difficulties between these two classes
of natural enemies, which have but recently
occurred, and in both instances Southern
chivalry "came out at the little end of
horn," and became the laughing stock of
those to whoso wealth they had been contributing.
If our Southern friends will so
far forget their native independence as to
overlook the superior claims of tho playcs
of resort among their own people?people
who are idoutiliod with them in feeling and
interest, and whose servants are polite, cour j
tcoU9 and accommodating, and with whom
there is no fear of their coming in collision
because of the courteous asking of a legitimate
and reasonable favor?and go among
those who mistreat and bate them, wo
must confess wo feel no sympathy for them
when tiny get thrashed by a "culltid gemman"
at a Northern watoring place, no
matter with what unction it may have been
laid on, for when men knowingly put themselves
in danger, and are punished, it is
nothing but a merited penalty for their
temerity, and our verdict, were wo tho jury,
would always bo, "served him right."
[Loitifui (Ar. C.) fiaglci
Woman ix th? Early Period of tiik
World.?Of Eve wc have but a very faint
account, though it appears from Scripture
that she had a very numerous family, and
tradition makes her the mother of thirtythree
rons and twenty-three daughters; but
beyond this we have not the slightest record
of her mode of living, or the manner
of her death, thus proving that even in the
very earliest age, woman's existence was
so completely swallowed up in the stronger
one of man, that it was not thought necessary
to recognize her as a "helpmeet for
iium t)uri?iy u'lmf tu fkn +
........ W..VW V..V
archial period, the condition of woman wan
one of degradation. With regard to marriage.
the ties of consanguinity were disregarded,
for Abraham married his half-sister
Sarah; and Nahur, their brother, wedded
Miloah, his niece. The affecting episode
of Ilagar shows that Abraham entertained
a very high estimate of the value of woman.
But, with tho exception of the pleasing
conduct of Job, who had but one wife, and
who extended the same indulgence to his
daughters as he did to his sons, the whole
Jewish history teems with evidence that
woman, except in brilliant instances, was
regarded in no bettor light than a bondwoman.
The pastoral ages present us with
the spoctaelo of women following the n-ost
menial employments. In the time of Mo111
1 1 i ~ . i . i*
flea, we nuu tne tiangnierH 01 a prusi ox
Midian taking eate of their father's flocks,
which sort of work, according to the account
given by Josephus, it was customary
and very familiar for the women to do<
SquHTib oarfie home the other night rnthI
er tighter than usital, and on taking oflt his
j night-key to unlock tho door, felt aroUnd
in vain iqv a pli<ce in which to onter it.?
At length, oxftMtticd and cliseouragecl, he
staggered ba^pfiBbpair, exclaiming, "By
; golly, it's no use^omebody baa stolen the
A TKAqiiKii nskoj n. bright littlo i(\v\,
""What country is opposite uh on tbo glor>?>?"
" Don't know, Hi'r," was tliq ns>wer. "Well,
now/' pursued tho teaohcr, " if I were to.
boro a hole through the earfth, and you
wcro^opo in nt thin end, tvbdve would yofo
como om?'' ? Que of the hole, tflr," tfoflicxl
the with at) air of triumph
' ? -
Recompense of a Duelist.
A Leipsic paper just received mention*
ho following inoiclent as having occurred
n Now Orleans :
A Frenchmnti, lately arrived, went into
i restaurant and called for a glass of beer,
\s the boy brought it, a tall man, unknown
,o him, who had eyed the Frenchman rath jr
insolently on his entrance, snatched the
rlass from the table, and d auk it ofr.
r Ilium tM\l f Iiahav r\f vniir
,ance, sir," remarked tho FvcDobtnau, surpiised
at tho familiarity.
" Nor I of yours," retorted the other.
" You aro seeking a quarrel with mo,
" I should bo sorrv to leavo you in doubt
of tho fact," was the insolent response.
"Look you, sir," said tho new comer J
hi ........ .-.r,.....I i i nw..
business. 1 muddle with none and I receive
no unprovoked insults. I pass yours
by for ibis time. Boy, bring mo auolhcr
The Creole broke into taunting laughter
and when the second glass was brought,
slopped up and seized it, drank part of thu
conic '.s, and threw ihe remainder away.
The Frenchman would havo rushed upon
him, bul was bold back by th3 bystandors.
" Iluld, sir !" they cried, " or you aro lost!
If lie does not kill you on the spot he will
in the u.iel, tor lie js tno most sKumu aucliht
in Louisiana. Willi pistol, or rifle, or
wilh the sword, ho is unequalled. Ho lias
killed thirty-four men and wounded over
" Wlial you tell me," replied the Frenchman,
"convinces me tho inoro that ho ought
to ho dealt with."
lie then drew near tho man who had insulted
him, and said?"Sir, 1 happen to bo
in a particularly good humor to-day, and
am not disposed to take offence. You have
taken away two glasses of beer I had or.
1 if !o i\/mu intr m?n oiu) T IiAna
MVIViVl , IV LI ...J V...., ?...v ?
(orbearaneo may toacb voii better behaviour.
Hoy, another glass."
TIio boy brought it, trembling, as if anticipating
a catastrophe, Scarcely had ho
placed it on the table, when the biilly again
seized it, and tossed ofl'its contents. At
tlie same instant, lileo a rigor on his prey,
the Frenchman threw ou bis enemy, and
assailed in face, breast, and side, with h
tempest of blows and kicks. The bully who
had not time to recover himself, was soon
stretched on the lloor, and pommelled still
more unmercifully till bleeding and nnite
insensible. The victor then quietly drew
forth his pocket bouk, took out a card, and
pinned it to tho vest of his prostrate foe.?*
He then said to the spectators of tho affray
' If there is present any friend of this in-dividual,
1 would inform him that ho m.t\;
find mo at my lodgings every morning from
eight to eleven. Boy, another glass of
This time lio look die glass and drank
it off composcdlv. Then, paying for tlio
four glasses, ho turned And left the placo*
ainid the wonder of idi the company.
As they lifted the vanquished bully, it
was found that two of his libs was broken*
and one of his eyes was seriously damaged <
Tho card boro the inscription : " Lucian
Petit. Fencing master from Paris?will
give instructions in fencing, boxing, and
the various mothods of lighting. Terms
Some six weeks after this sccno, the door
or l otus apartment was tlung open ono
morning, anil a man strode in without announcement.
" l>o you know mo?" ho cried in a voicd
choked with rage.
" Perfectly," responded the fencing mas'
ler. "What is your wish ?"
" Jo kill you, thundered tno Dully, wuo
had just rocovcred from his wounds, of
which however, ho boro the traces. " I
know I was first in the quarrel; on that account
I givo you tho choice of weapons.?
But make hasto, for you or I must be a
corpse before sunne!."
" Let ua rather talk tho matter ovor coolly,"
replied the Frenchman. " I have no
more desire to-dny to kill you, than to beat
you tho othor day. Butjf you are bent on
picking a quarrel, you will find me ready.'1
" Wretcned boast or, wo shnll see! 1 havo
kil'jed thirty-four already in duels, and you
I <irn miir.li mistntrAii it'von think tr> nir.kn tilM
afraid oT you i"
Thero was no help, and the combatants
! proceeded to light out thoir quarrel. Potft
deferring to the bullv, who ciioso tho t>word
in tlio uso of which ho waft very expert.?
Ho received a tfoimd in the arm, and tlitf
J fencing master proposed an adjustment j
hut the Creole insisted that the encounter
should he fatal to one ortho other. It was
j not long before ho fell mortally wounded*
rno oomitniimy whs aeiivefeu trom amn#*
nnce, ana Petit'* fame was so wildly estate
lislied fin n professor of I he Rdienou of hatlie,
that pupila came to hiift from every
There is a lawyer in Dea dorr? county,
Indiana, known no less for hi* pccentricily
than hp logal loro. Many anecdotes afo
told of liini. A man went to him to
he qualified for ?oiuo petty oftJee. " Jtold
up your hand," wild he, " I'll swear you,
but all oreation couldn't qualify you.''
True fountain of content must ?t>nn?F ur?
in I lit) mind ; ami ho who has no litllu
knowledge of human nature, ns to seek lap*
pino#9 by changing anything but !?? . owu
dinpoMllon, v ill waste liia life in fruitless
ctfofts, and multiply tho griefs whi-oli ho
purposes lo njyiovo,