Newspaper Page Text
KKo w 11 coi KiKi;
ROB'T. A. THOMPSON, Editor.
TERM'5'.?ji<m- annum, in advance. I
pnvtOiiUt bo tlolayod until iiftvr tho expiration o
tho your, $2.0t) For six months, 7<"t cento, li
Advertisement* inserted lit the usi.al rates.
PICKENS C. If., S. C.:
8aturday Morning, January 30, 1853.
New Post Office.
The Postmaster Ueneral Iihk established .1
now post olReo?Rabun Oup?in Rabun 00
Oa., and appointed Mr. II. A. II. (?iueo>
Tim Commissioners of Free f-ihools were
in session 011 Monday last. Kighteon schools
were looatod. TheB>ard has changed somewhat
tho plan heretofore pursued, classifying
tin henetioiaries, as follows: 1. Orphans,
without means, or thoso with loss than $500
2. Orphans, without means, with father ot
mother; the mother's family to have tho pre
feronce. 3. Children, whose parents arc living
an?l worth lc-3 than $301). Porsons whe
may not come under these regulations, oxeep
they he more needy, cannot share the bone
fits of the frcs school fund. Under t!i3 pros
cnt plan much discretion is voutod in tlx
trustees of tho schools located by the Board,
and much depends upon their managbmcnl
and action. Si;; scholars have been allowci
each school for the present quarter, adding
un three hiimlrcil antl m?-htv (Idvh Wbori
there may ho more than .six applicants, undei
the above classification, the trustees of th<
Kchor.l should admit tho most needy ami tnev
itorious. Probably a larger number of ben
oSciarlcs will ho allowed each school the cn
Tlio pay of teachcr.s is us follows: firs
class, five cents per day : second class, thro*
contfl; and third class, two cents.
It is important that each teacher shouh
report to the April hoard, to ascertain, if pos
bible, tlio working of the chhngc of plan, am
also that a larger number of lioficficiarjes b<
Jillowcd to each school, if the fuiuln in th<
treasury should warrant it.
As heretofore, where the teacher in a suli
seribor, we furnish a copy of the Courier
froo of chnrgo, for I ho benefit of his or he
school, as the case may he.
The stock in the ' Kco\vco aiul Tuckase
gee Turnpike''having boon subscribed, tlx
Company lias boon organized. Col. Wji. S
GkisIiam, a gentleman of high character ant
enorcrv. has boon clouted Pr<?<mlon t. Mni S
I<0ving00d and Oon. ?J. W. IIakiuson wok
eloctcd Directors, nnd Mr. Ro?'r. A. Steei.r
Jr., .Secretary. Col. Wii. SloaM, a large
Stockholder and every way reliable, lias ta
ken tho contract to complete the road to tin
North Carolina lino. The road commence
tit the wojtondof tho $tumph0H30 tuuuel
connecting it with Cashier Valley niul tht
country beyond. Under the management ol
these gentlemen, its completion at an carlj
day, may be regarded as a fixed fact.
The Academics at bachelor's Retreat ant
Fair Play will be under the charge respoc
tivcly of the Messrs. Johns. These gentle
men aro graduates of Erskinc College, am
bkillod in imparting instruction. Thes<
schools, witli tho salubrity, cheapness am
ploasautnoasof tho locutions, arc oommemlei
to parents and guardians. For particulars
hoc advertisements in our columns.
Tho annual announcement of the Tax Col
lector, with a special remark as to the valu<
of tho Ijilla of specie paying banks, deserve*
attention. Wait on him promply, for tax
gatherers and death will only cease their ineatiatd
demands with the end of time.
There are other advertisements in our columns
to which attention is invited.
Tup irminivii ?\f U'ltnu'.'iik' *
respondent of tho lijston Transcript gives n
livoly report of " Now Years" festivities in
Washington, from which wi. tako the following
The President received U.c crowd in his
nsnal urhano manner, and, considering hi*
years and his rattier bulky figure, scorned tc
near remarkably well the exertions incident
to the occasion. Miss Lane, his lovely niece,
who beara a very striking resemblance to the
portraits of Queen Victoria, wns the focus of
attraction, and roceivod the homage of the
visitors ns they passed onward to the east
room, where egress was made through one of
the front windows, from which a temporary
platform oxtcmlod to the sido walk. It hns
been ostium tod that not le*s than eight thousand
persons vinitod tho White llouso during
the three hours it continued opon.
Among tlioso whoso hospitality was most
liberally extended on this occasion, none gave
a hoartier greeting to their guesta thau Col.
Orr, Speaker to tho Houso of Representatives.
As I entered tho reception room, ho manifested
so muoh pleasuro at meeting me, by a
cordial gra^p of tho hand; and an immediate
introduction to hid estimable wifa and tho
other ladioa of his household, that I fancied I
had boon anxiously looked for, and that my
absence would liavo seriously interfered with
his happiness; but when 1 ob-servod that all
who approached him were rccoivcd in a similar
manner, I came to the conclusion that his
heart was a fountain of kindness not easily
exhausted, and that I was of loss importance
than I previously imagined.
RoStr8 is JaNUArt.?The editor of ^he
Richmond (Vn.) l)is]iatch was presented, on
Monday, by a lady with a boautiful rose, oa
fro.ih and fragrant a8 any ever hcoji in tlio
month of May, aocompaniod by a note, stating
that tho flowers, strawberries and tomafcoos
had unfolded their golden petal*, oven in
the m'dstof winter.
A fir.w Coir.ity,?A lew county?White?
haa boon laid out from IIaber?hnm county,
Oa. Tho county site Mount Yon ah, an
The Election for Congress.
The election for members of Congress, in
S;iuth Carolina, will ho held on the second
Monday in October next. It is now undorP
stood, ns wo have it from a reliablo source,
f j that Col. O.-'.u, wlio has served us so faithfuln
ly and ahly, doclinos to bo a eandidato for
i re-elcction. Whilst thia is to bo regretted,
I both IM II Infls til hiq iiriirtniliofn
ami tho country at largo, tli<>ro will bo no inconveuience
resulting to tho "body politic"
I from lack of candidates for the succession.?
i In addition to those nominated last your? j
i Home di'/.cn or more?the names of Col. J. 1). I
i Ash moke, of Anderson, and (ion. W. K. E.vs
i.kv, of Groonville, havo boon mentioned.?
f The canvasa will probably open at an early
day; and, as there is no political question on
which an issue can be made up, tho compe>
tcncy, ability and merit of the respective can.
IV! . --!.l 1 .
i | u.iuuv::?wuii wunicvor persona in lcs the cont
test may engender?must decide between
them. The pnwpeot for nn interesting race,
' without unnecessary excitement, is good.
| The vaporing tog hiu partially relioved (bo
j Kansas election returns of their obscurity
i and uncertainly. Tho " free State inon," it
} j is stated, haVo been successful, electing their j
1 j candidates for Oovomor and members of the
I Legislature, under the r&comptou eonstitu*
j tioll. The v.'io polled against tlio eonstitu*
! I tioii, at this election, is sot down at 10,000. .
' j although it was adopted a mouth nnro bv a
t 1 " " a J |
I very considerable miyority! Kansas, al- j
' j though now nominally a slave territory, will '
> j only remain so during the pleasure of the |
black republicans. AVc aro thoroughly dis- j
r guated with this Kansas question ; and, there j
5 being no practical issue pertaining to it now i
before the country, wo dismiss its importauco
- at least.
By arrivals from Europe, we have Liver^
nool (bltos t?l tllfi Mill inut 'I'lin ...\tfmi 11,.11
L kct was fluctuating, with a declining tendency.
Money matters arc growing easier. Tho
^ British government has determined to in- |
vest Canton, and will be assisted by tho for1
-f ?.? a'lio ixoa or iuo muia roJ
ljuls at Luoknov >vas 7,000 men, and arms
3 to a large amount. The great steamer Leviathan
is still unlaunchcd?an attempt to get
'* her into water was to be made on Monday
last. An influential French paper boldly de?
r mands the re-opening of the slave trade H<r
the French provinces, W'c also copy an interesting
article on i his snliim-i fmm t
- (Ion Times. Gen. IIavei.qck, tho horo oftho
i I India war; Marshal Kadetzv, the old Aus.
triau (iencral; Madame IIachki,, the groat i
1 tragedienne ; and IIkdscuild Pasha, the Tur.
ki.sli diplomatist, are dead. The difficulty
j ! between Spain and Mexico is unsettled, and
j is not likely to bo.
, 15 ith branches of the Alabama Legislature
. ' have unanimously passe I resolutions author}
j izing the (Jovornor to call a State Convention, '
s ii Congress refuses admission to Kansas with
tho Lceompton Constitution.
[ Congress is iv>t doing much. In tho House,
P a special committee lias been raisod to take
. chnrgo of tho Paeille railroad measure. The
appropriation bills have been reported.
Tho (Irconvillo Enterprise tells us of " a
qi-eer-loulc.n^ fowl?-a cross of tho shanghai
' and guinea," at Fair Play, in this district.?
" Its attempts at crowing reminds ono of "tho
" j screaking of an old cart wheel." Tho editor
1 j remembers to " have seon a similar looking
3 fowl at Mr. Geo. Frederick*' in the same
1 ! district."
> The Charleston Herald.?The first num- |
bjr of this journaPhas been received. It is
published by W. W. Van Ness & Co., and
3 i:i? I 1 .. *r -i>
| linmu uy -?* iJBADFORI) WHITE, ifiSq. TllO
' I/crald is " independent in everything'?
I neutral in nothing." Price, ?1 a year.
j Esskivk Rkcordek.?The January number
linsju.it appeared, owing to the absquatulaI
tlon of i 1$ devil! [Tie gavo uh a call in pansj
ing, Rtcoring eustwardly, bound perhaps for
I Darlington. Beforo departing, however, ho
disposed of his pistol and other " Young
Amorican" tools, at low rates. ] Tho lienor'
dr.r is an interesting monthly, edited by a
voimuiuce chopoa from tho Senior class of
1 Erskino G'ollogo. Price, $1 per annum, in
1 ndvanco. Suocosa to it.
; Ingenious Advertising.
Tho mails are constantly bringing ua ad;
vertisemonts of Northern humbugs, books,
i lotteries, etc., which we as invariably con|
aign to the fiamoa. Tho last "dodgo" ia that
j of tho proprietor of a Now York ninar. who
sends us tho firat oluipter of two storios, to bo
inserted at four cents per lino. At tho concluding
paragraph of thoso chapters, a note
is appended informing tho roador whoro tho
' | remainder of tho storiosr can ho found ! Now,
1 | this is what wo cull a "yankoo trick hut
! wo were not caught by it. Firat, bocauso we
1 only have one price for advertising; 2dly, ]
; Northern advertisers novor pay; and 3dly,
wo did not caro to exoito tho interest and cuj
riosity of our readers, without being abJo to
j gratify it. Sovoval of our exchanges, wo observe,
have nibbled at tho bait, and have Undoubtedly
caught n^udgoon I
Division among the Mormons.?The
Leavenworth City Ledger of the 18th iust.,
says that throe young noon, Henry Baker,
James Smith and Alexander Francis, nri
rived there on Thursday afternoon, tho
1 7th, dircot from Port Uridgcr. Thoy oniuo
I ii . i i -
i; mo wnoio aiMUinco, twefvo hundred miles,
I on foot, aud aooomnlishcd their journey in <
| forfytiye dnya. TJiey lepovt that the day 1
; they left six. Mormons came into camj*, and (
reported that the Mormons were ?? a stale
of civil war. Jirigham Young and about
one half desiring to march against the
trOOnH. tho Otllftr half hoinrr in fn??\v
, / - '---p Vliu I
J troops coming into Salt Lake and csUblitiK- 1
) injfa military government thore, and over- ;
| throwing tbc |>rcscut ^ovrow that be. ^ <
Pojinintfs and Clippings.
Tiik Markkts.?Salon of loss than ; "aun? '^u
drod balos of cotton per day aro making, ill
Charleston, at 9 to 10J oont? por pound. ^
Nominated.?"Fair Play," in the la-fl an
True Carolinian, nominates Col. Warren ty. pf
WilL -xc 00 .. r.v- n i
cced Col. Oi'r should lio doclino >? )
ivs it is bcliovcd ho will. ' ?ry (ji(
A Long Advertiskment.?The \Vat-fting? n j
ton Union 1mm live supplementary sheets,cou- Sti
taiuin* ar? advertisement. of mail contract? if ]
filling 127 columns of that paper. It' is stijV'
ted that tho price paid for publishing this for
twelve weeks is $15,000.
Puter 1 i nks at Nsw Yoiik.?Tho Peter f?,l
1*'links are doing a brisk business. Three I (10
swindled parties complained at tbc Mayor's j
office, Monday, ono douotmt of $00, another i
$70, and another $00. Tho Police, however, ' ^
compelled all to disgorge. '
Limiting his own Way.?One Thomas (?. ^y(
Clinton has, "solitary and alone," sought immortality
by memorializing Congress to pass j
a law increasing tho Hilary of tho President
of tho United .States.
A (loon 'Uv.?Nat, what are you leaning Yc
over nit empty cask for ? Why, I'm mourn- ,
ing over departed spirits! c^,
Laiiok Amount.?Tho Extraordinary, a ho
journal published in tho city of" Mexico, outi- jy<
mates the amount of American clai is against
tho Mexican government at twenty million of ru]
A Vast Domain.?Texas hint 101,717,000 igi
acres of vacant domain. " ?
Extr.VVACiANT.?'l'lio Emnresfi Eni?ftn5
I ?- "O
Fiance, recently appcirr\l at u hall W(?iinj;
jowels whose value was estimated at $800,- got
0(10, ami having flouueos of laeo on hor robo be
that cost $120,000. ltd
" Hard Times."?Tno cry of hard times isUN*
falling tlilf.lt and fast on every side. A wag, p<*<
at our elbow, sugge.si? tw. everybody had
better get the Logislaturo to incorporate hiin
as a bank, and then " suspend." U4)l
ill PAH Till' Pa. ? v
- - .m.vm.-muu,
W. Crook, rccontly elcoted Judge in GooYgia,
is u nativo of Spartanburg district, S. C.? >i 1
Crook yourself for Governor next time, J udge ,ag
SrECir. in* Nbh* Okleans,?Tho banks of ?'c
tho city of Now Orleans now hold, in round
figures, ten millions of coin, against thrco bi
millions eixty days ago. Tho doelarod stateinent
two yours since showed a larger amount, 0,1
but tho Picaytine docs not think tho actual ro
quantity of spccio was so groat as now. Still
our banks do not resume. Why not? IS
Seven Thousand Doi.i.ma rpmi'cnm Ai
Orlando lluntor linn just rocovorod $7,000 ^ 1
against tho Groan Bay, Milwaukee and Chic- ^ 1
. ... IK*
ago railroad in the llaoino Circuit Court,says 1
tlio llacinc Advocato. The plaintiff's father ' J ?
was killed somo time ago, and tho plaintiff i m<
h'uisolfhnd sumo of his limbs brokou by the
cars running against his wagon. ; Ui
A Modest Editor.?M xlost editors nvc j ^ !
raiiiur u hcuico aruoio. " lJuncombe," how- P1
over, can boast of hers. Tlic editor of the u '
New*, speaking of tho municipal elootion
soon to coino olF there, says that his name
has boon used in that connection without his no
consent, lie is already a ' justice of tho no
peace," and is unwilling to monopolize all tlU
tho offices, with that of Alderman, " to the
exclusion of more meritorious men 1"
. I. I
An Aoed Couple.?'L'licro is now living in lJ''
Burnside, l'a., a Mr. Dndwick Snyder, 114 .?
... . tin
yours old. His wife, Jano, is 107 years old. '
Tho date of their marriage is not givou, but tu(
supposing Dudwick was twenty-two years
old at that distant opoch, they have been living
togethor as man and wife ninety-two in
y cat's. ov,
Washington's IIomk.?1? >th brandies of J uu
the Virgiriu Legislature have passed a bill l"i
providing tor tho conveyance to the Stato of ^
Virginia of the birthplaco of Washington, co
and the homes and graves of his progenitors j
ia America. Tho adoption of this moasuro ^
may bo regarded as a patriotic prelude to tho
consummation of tlio noble enterprise in
which liio Jjtiilios, Mount Vnrnon ! luM
tion is engaged. rjc
In Service.?-In tho army now in Utah, cit
arc tho following officers from South Carolina:
Capt. Barnard E. llec, 10th Infantry, Capt. <
John Dunovant, do.; Lieut. J. 11. Villipiguo, rC(
Company II, dragoons, Lieut. S. N. Forgu 0f
son, 2u itcgimcnt dragoons. jns
A Goon Oi.n Acje.?Mrs. Margaret Purdy,
ngcd 100 yoarrt, lately died at Sponcor, Now | XC1
\r .l oi 1 1
iurn.. ono naci neen a widow <?ver eighty ?v'
years, lror hn?bt>nd having bc-uu killed in tho '
revolutionary war in 1777. ,jn(
Thaoeov.?A correspondent of tho Petore- Kr
burg Erprtss states that throe whito persons oc?
wore killed by n negro, in Gates county, N. do
C., a few days ago, nnd that the murdoror cr
wft3 afterwards captured and put to death.
No particulars of this bloody tragedy are
A Novklty.?C'ttpt. do Kivire, lato of the
French army in tho Crimea, took part in tho 1
pa'rado at Now Orleans on the 8th of .Tanua- wri
ry, drossod in tho beautiful costuino of a cap- nay
tain of Zouave*. '
A Mammoth Hoa.?A fewdayflsince a hog P01
was killod at Jlenry Shorhuhn's hotol, in J!'
Mnnnf .T^if n?
? .i??v,iuiivi vmuitjr, i"tiniiM WHICH .
weighed 012 !bs. cleaned^ ^
Apinur Jiijossous in jANUA?T.~*Tho alitor rpa
>f tho Charlontou Courier ha# recoived two l0ti(
>uds or flower? of tho applo treo, gathered <9*
>n tho 5th insty at Port Royal island, ont
A flrtftl. Anviui'v?ft ?? ?<-.i
^ .nT., ?*V *?j nwwuu VIIUV WU* tftil
.'fvotn have beoo just ontoml into at Now j?a
york for supplies of ico for this season at ^
iirco time* the price paid for tho article last ho*
pear, Tvitlidut any guarantee* of ooujrso*. that vor
ho ice '?hull '*> any clcaror, ooldor or haxdor* | paf
riie Wkai.tu of Mexijuo.?The total procta
of tho Mexican mines, eineo the concst
of Oortoz, are estimated by the Now
loans Picayune to bo not less than $11,),000,000,
a sum in comparison with which
y of tho incrediblo stories told of tho wealth
tho ancient Aztocs seems probable.
An I'Jql'jvocal Cumi'limknt.?A Frouohtn,
named Joseph Autran, worth forty ;
wsand dollars n year, has just published I
)Ot;m called "Milianah." The Couricrdcs
:it? Unis says ''he has as much genius ,1s
10 lived in a garret on a hundred a year."
" Iv 1 .iK Deep Bosom or the Ocean Bush."?During
the year just pnssod no loss
m 5f>8 vessels, hound to or from tho Unil
States ports, were lost at sea. Their valwith
that of cargoa lost Is estimated at
An* Ex-Secretary Setting Tyte.?Tunis
Tarrant, a compositor in tho Cincinnati
iqvircr office, wns, nt ono tiino, filibuster
;ilkor's " Socrotury of State/'
Oacoiit.?Cliancby Johnnton, a noted bnrg,
who robbed tho Bunk of tlie State of New
rk of $36,000 Inst summer, was caught,
tho 18l!i lust., pilfering a storo in New
Confirmed.?t!\e Senate has unauimoufly
dirmod tho nomination of Col. W. II. Colun,
by the President, aa Secretary of Lotion
Kx-PrksidkNt Fim<mokf..?It id a current
inor in private circles, that Mr. Fillmore is
tnnko a sccond hiarriago. Tho lady deslatcd
is a resident of Albany?"a widow
r"?possessing in her own right, grace,
cination and proportv.
Worthy of Expulsion.?There is a very
ad prospect of Mr, Orfamus B. Mattoson's
in;; expelled from the floor of the House of I
preventatives. llo is a representative from
>w York, ami, as may bo remembered, was
oved to have boon guilty of the moat corpt
conduct, at the liiMt ncssion.
In'aoouratku.?(Jen. Packer has just been
utgu rated Governor of Pennsylvania, llo
Stains the J'rooidcnt in his Looom.pton and
N' Ciitcui.ATiotf.-The government is "flush"
;\in, having just issued a largo number (
usury nolo*, boat ing tho likeness of Presint
Ihtobunan and tSecrotary Cobb.
Rodukuy.?Two young men from North
rolina wero robbod at Frenandina, Fla?
the 10th inst. of $10,0C>0 No due to tho
bbers has yet transpired.
i.s mi day an lni.uckv Day 1?Tho year
58 begins ami ends on Friday. January,
ml, July, October and Dccomborhavo five
idaya, each. April and December oud 011
iilay, and January and October begin on
iday. There are fifty-three Fridays in the
nr. We trust, however, it will not prove
>re disastrous than 1H57.
Panoer ok Furtino.?Miss Hester A.
irgess sued N\ F. Norwood, Kanawha C;\,
i., recently, for breach of promise. It was
oved in cvideueo that tho young lady was
lil't. and lb? iiifV nnimwlinorlw m.-iiv/lail
? j ? j mi
t one cent damages.
Fortunate Loi.a.?Tlio Prineo Slmlkoski,
w husband of Lota Montez?is a Polish
bloinan, and the owner of two large os:es.
Sknatous Huntkii and Hammond.? '
ie Now York Herald promptly contra-1
jta a foolish " Washington (Jorrospon- j
ncc" story, attributing to these two disigaished
gentlemen views with reference
the acceptance of the Lccomptou conntition,
at variance with those of the Ad,nitration
and the Domocracy of OonThe
Jfofald, wo fiWrtro it, is correct
its idoa that there in no foundation whatcr
for the story. Senator Huntor has
.1- _ ? ?
mo a rceoru upon tno question, every
0 of which goes to disprove it, without
a positive contradiction he so freely nerds
to it. As for Senator Hammond,
;>ugli not previously callcd on to express
1 sentiments on tho question, he belongs
the school of statesmanship slowest to
;c aid nnd comfort to the diroct foes of
j interests it represents. Tho public
,? mar Iro ?- - I
.J |>.>v > iao Jjipuiiiiu niuuitu iill nuuil filljs
concerning any Southern members of
her branch of Oorigresa.
[ Washington Star.
Jt. Lou is, Jan. 21.?Frecsoil dospatchcs
scived at this plnco, say that the returns
the late election wore opened on the 13th
it. The Calhoun count on the Coustitun
stood?for slavery, 600ft j without Blary
^ 5070 votes. lho last return#, how
sr, had not been counted. Tho Free
itc candidate for Governor had thus jar
icived 0288, nud the Democratic cundite
0580 votes. For Congress, Parrott,
ecsoil, had received 0028. and Carr Dem at,
0508 votes. Gen. Calhoun had not
sed tho counting, and would receive othreturns.
ft is also reported by tho same Freesoil
matches, that the Legislature would
mubly provide for another Constitutional
Tiie Nkoro Hack.?Bayard ^aylor,
itlng from Nubia, in Uuppcv Egypt,
" Those friends of tho African race who
nfc to Kgypt as proof of what that racc
t accomplished aro wholly mistaken.?r
o only negro features represent in Egypa
sculpture aro thos^uf slaves and en?*
ee* taken in Kthiopcan vrar? of tho Phaha,
Tho torn plea and pyramid th rough>
Nuhin, as* far 08 tho t>*iof and Abvaia,
all boar tho biwroglypy of monarchy
1 there i? ?o ovi donee m att the YaJJoy
tho Nilo that tho Negro race over atfiod
a higher dogroo of civilization than
t present exhibitod in Congo and AshanI
mention thin, noi from any fooling
ittlo to that taoo, but simply to oontro*
J? ? rv.
?r?u"*i wry prcv-iwno n 8onflo, i
to of the United Mtutefl." "
. j . t
-rr,rrr: ~ ?
roit TUB KKOIVSK COURIKll.
Mr. Editor: Ah your papor is nobly devoted
to the interest* of our District, will you
kindly'permit an bumble citizen tbsay a l'tflv
things through your attractive columns', in
reference to tbe great cuuno of Education, and
tho importance ofall our citizens feeling a
deep interest, and taking an aotivo part, in
tlw advancement of tho same.
And first, tho ohuraotcr, dignity and in flu*
onco of a district in tho legislative halls of our
Stutc, dopjaud substantially on the degroo if
intelligence, virtue and integrity of the people.
An enlightened people will ho a thinking
people, and a thinking people will be an
cmv'i 1" ,OIMn ?v?i\* (u\u^'v;iiuuiu puwj?it:f iiimnf;
8?lC-rodpcotni?d solf-rcliance?the vt>"v foun(1
avion, in a civil and political point of viow,
of all honorahjo conduct, and of i\ll ouorgy
aud pv. sovoranJfcu in promoting tlie improve*
mout and prosperity of individuals, of families,
and of tlio whole community. Then lot
all awako to tlio importance anu the support
of tlio cause of education, each individual
contributing by his cxamplo and iutluonco to
its advancement. And, whilst 011 thin subject,
allow mo to say that perhaps no 0110
branch of the cause is more important to the
public than the operation ana iniluouco of
the fvoo school Hystom ; and, although not
nni'fVwfr. it Ik: rlnnUtlntiu /\(V. % ? * c+ tn* ??/>'
r * < ?? R"<"i
;md exerting u healthful mth'.onee in raising
tho standard of intelligence among Iho poorer
Anil, Mr. Editor, with plousut'o would I
say, that among the numerous spectators, who
witnessed il?o pruceediucs of the Board of
Free ? 'tools on last Monday, was the writer
of thasv ;\y linos; and, although most of the
Board eousisted of members who had not bcforo
served in that edacity, yot he was gratilied
to scu them indicating by their manly
and intelligent countenances?by their grave
and diguiticd deportment, and by their soundness
and firmness of prinoiplo?that thoy are
the men for the work, nogsessiit:; a laudable
public spirit, and devoting themselves with
COmmondablo zeal to tho interests of the district,
and to tho happiness uud well-being of
tho poor. We infon ed from hearing the rules
of the Board read, which wore mainly in conformity
with tho Ktatutes of tho ?Stute, that
they were ami would bo vorv strict with re
gard to the charnctor and qualifications of
the teachers to whom they would extend public
favor. This inn# it uhoultl bo. Fur suroly
nothing is more important than that those,
(tho teaohera) who are to oivlightcn tho youth,
impress and mould th? characters and conduet
of tho rising generation, should be men
of strictly temperate habits, of sound morals
and right conduct., Itiswoll for tho Board
to feci their responsibility in this matter, and
extend couutonancoaiid patronage to no other
characters than such as come up to tho requisitions
of their 'talcs. A rigid adheronce to
uuclv rules cannot fail to do good, both to individuals
and to communities. Already in*
stances, may bo found to illustrate tho impor
iiim-u mid guou ot mien Htriotnoss on the part
of tho 13ourd.
Persons of intemperate habits, though otherwise
qualified, huvo boon barred by tlio
Board from publie favors; and, in view of
their situation, they rationally resolved to reform
and render themselven worthv of confi
denco und public favor. Such individuals
should bo fur from complaining of the past
treatment of the Hoard, as they porhapshavo
good l-casou to believe that tlicy are ton times
moro profited in the end, having heon led to
a different course, and to show themselves
worthy of public patronage, which is most
freely.oxtondod to them. Mr. .Editor: may
tlto present Board mvor io'ax, but firmly,
fonrlossly and boldly go forward, raising still
higher and liighor their standard of qualification*
of tlio teachor till the cause of education,
of good order, and goorl morals will triumph
and everywhere prevail in our District.
From the Charinston Courier.
Mkssrs. Kditous: I have heard ami
read so niuob of the extraordinary mildness
of this winter, thut I thought I would inquiro
of the seniors whether they reeolloct
then :dmost entirely unknown. '(jWjjWNMt
of the upper uni t of the State
rally spoiled by the warmth o^H^HHBp
A good country ham of bacon qHflpSjWMfa
lv bo obtained in the spring
uimu.iry, .so, tne usual miry reUdU
Columbia, via Hnringhill, Unfix' nt^l35c^horry
to Ureonvilfo, w;uj as dry anVw^n
as in huminer.
The General Assembly mot in January,
'28, (the second Monday,) lor tho trial of
the impeachment of Judge James. Tlioy
remained iu action a whoh* w?>c4r. with
open doors and windows, without tiro.
Tho cotton in the upper districts oame?
UD ill the Hnrim* nf 18*2K fYnm ?lm vaa?u
1827. If farmers had been aware of its
vitality in time, they might havo raised a
crop of Rrttoon cotton. Tho ouly Bov?re
frost occurred in . oril, 1828.
This winter haa ho far boon remarkable.
On tho 19th of November, began tho onlysover6
freeze known in tho upnor country.
It began from a 3. W. blow, and
continuod from the 19th to tho 22d.?
Cl( ?1 -*
oiuco uion, wo in the upper couuntry lmve
had nn old-fashioned Carolina winter.?
Front and sunshine, sueceedod by rain, but
no freozing, snowing or sleeting weather,
exeopt that Grecnvillo District was visited
by a short snow storm about Christmas.
I neo from yesterday's papers that tho
wild geeso arc turning towurd their Northern
homes. I doubt not that they are wis<1
vi hi.iii wo ?FU| kiiu inai winter is, comparatively
To the i?<or, what a blessing has been ]
thus vouchbiifed. . . |
"God tcinpo.ru tho wind to the shorn lamb" j
Charleston, Jan. 20. 1
What is Lutk VNVhat a mighty procession
lu&fceen moving toward the grave
(htrin# khe past year. At tho iwixil attjk
mate, sinoe Ihe-firatef January, 1857, more
than thirty-ono million live hundred thousand
of tho world's population hove gone
down to the grave. I'laeo them in long
array, and they will give a moving column
ofmoro than thirteen hundred to evory
mile of tho circumference of tho tfloho.***
"W hut a epcotacte na they tuwo- on, tramp,
tramp, tmrop, the ?Poa4 MnnolV V gitftift
iWi funeral notov ns th*y go to the siWt
Washington', Jau. 18.-?The Wiiiness
to day Was generally confined to the introduction
und' discuK3iou of hills and resolutions.
In tho donate Mr. Seward presented a
notition of citizens of tho town of Phelps,
Kr \r_1_ xr .. , i _ i I .. . /
j ortvj wr mc grauuai exunoaoii ui
vlaVory, by compensating the owners, which
A bill was passed authorizing the reception
of medala by American officers who
engaged in 'tho Franklin Arctic Expedition,
t'rom the British Government,.
A rowlutiou was adopted instructing tho
Committee on Military Affairs to enquire
into the expediency of establishing a Na
tionul Foundry on Deep Jliver, Xs. C.?
General order of tho day thon resumed.
Mr. Halo made u speech f> gainst the adliilssion
of Kansas under tho Iiccomptou
Constitution ; alter which, tho Sonato went 4
In tho llouso u special Investigating
Committee on tho Corruptions of the last
session was appointed.
Among the hills introduced was one-for
establishing an international copy right
law. Another prohibiting the sale of public
lands until fifteen years after being surveyed.
Another abolishing the imprisonment
of witnesses in United States Courts.
A resolution was introduced culling on
the President to furnish n copy of nil tlio
co'rrespondenco and documentary iuforiuation
rolativo to Kansas.
Washington, Jan. 19.?Tn the Senate,
Mr. ("Jwin. from tho Pnnfflrt IliiU Rond Onin
mittcc, reported a bill providing fur carrying
the mails, munitions of war, troops,
cte., from some point on the Missouri riyor
to San Francisco?in other words the Pacific
Railroad Rill, which was made tho
bpcoial order of the day for tho first Mon- ^
day in February.
31 r. Clay, from tho Committee on C m
mem, reported back a bill for tho repoal o*f
all laws allowing fishing bounties.
A resolution was adopted calling on the
President to furnish all information derived
from American officers on the Const of Africa,
ov from the British and Freuch Covcrimieuta,
concerning tho revival of tho
African iSluvc Trade.
Several private bills were considered and
Gen. Houston annomnced tho doath of
Initiate eolleagno, Senator Husk. I To delivered
a eulogy on the death of deceased,
and vras followed I>y Senators Cullanicr,
Gwin and Soward, after- which tho Senate
In tho House, a Committee wns appointn/1
hinvuininn iliA ortn/M??*u /vf 1.?4a
IV vvnuiuv %?t\, uvwuuio VI vuv 1UIU uwi"
A bill providing for the apportionment
of clerks and messengers in the several departments
nt Washington, was referred (o<?
special committee of seven members. *
jtr. Kenyan announced the death of
Senator Husk, mid delivered an eloquent
eulogy on the chanictcr of deceased. Kulogics
were albo pronounced by Messrs.
ICeitt, Jackson, Quitnian and Clarke, thcr
iawcr ironi iscw \ oik. The usual resolutions
wero adopted, and tbo House adjourned.
Washington, Jan. 21.?Sf.natk.?
Tlio Commit toe on Public Lands reported
back tbo Homestead bill, which won ruled
aB a special order for the 7th of February.
The Committee on Military Affairs reported
a bill to iucroaso tlmnrmy by adding
inon and companies to each regiment (except
the artillery),, instead of inorcaeing
the number of regiments. A call was made
on the Secretary of War for estimates of
sums due the Florida volunteers.
Mr. Hoolittle's resolution awarding a
uivuhi vvf will* * WU1UIIIU I'M ill ^ WIKcr
was dincusxod, and is still under debate.
liousK.?Tho Committee on Ways and
Means reported on the fortification, naval,
i]pivil, legislative, executive and judiciary
ftbillu. Tue bill altering tho time of holdling
courts in South Carolina was passed.?IT'hc
committee also ronortml a lull in nm.
ply the deficiency ?u the public printing,im
it is stated that there are now due, for paper
alone, one hundred and ninety thousand
Tho Semite bill, extending the tunc for
naval officers, who wtro aggrieved by tho
retiring board, to make Bpnli<y?A?/>vs for rc:>
toratiyn to tho 17th of April, panned.
Wasiiinoton, Jan. 23, 1858.?-In the
Seaobo tho Committee on Foreign delations,
(of which Senator Mason, of Virgin
?) uimMlliuir,y, l(?IV MUIVCU UJHJII U It)port
sustaining tho Vrowdeut'H viewn in
relation to Contrail Anicrioft, and Y?cdm?
mending that tho neutrality laws he w>
amended; nfi bo provide for tho holding ns
prisoners of those persons enptured in proK-ccutioo
of plans against nations with wliicK
wo uro at j>en#c,
A D>',RyF.ratk Hunoi.Au.?Lant evening,
about ten o'clock, a black follow Wi:s
discovered by a German gil l upon the premises
of Mr. Schroder, opposite tho Mi]lk
llouso, in tlioactof robbing; a trunk. The
girl raised tho alarm and attempted to Bcizet.
tho fellow, who gave her an u<?ly cut with*
a knifo, mid attacked the mother-in-law of
Mr. Schroder, who ran to the assh^jnee of
i>uu ?>"?, uuiiiiii^ ner ? Bcvcro kihd \w mo
shoulder. Tho fellow theri leaped frofa
tho window, but'whs pursued by Mr. SqbuoV
der, junior, wlip laid hold upon h>?^ hut. <
was obliged to loose htw, from tlie desnpc*
ate manner ia whioh Hie- fellow evt> mto,
nbouk $he ftieo. Tho roueal wju? finally necured
lodged in fhff Guard Tmw
officer Hicks, who: ^jflth hta M*m?l
, ?, , - ' 7-.rt-vw'
tvxdo, came to th? f cone of nctions ?
[Charlatan Mcnwy,t 21st. .<
Let J b stick *k tX)nr.^Tho Mr. Hen
drlok who wan expelled from a profttfsaorahip
| in the N, C. Uuivoreity lastvear, on account
of hi* open advocacy of abolitionist do0*
trines, baa bo?n rewarded with ft oletkshlp
by tbe new Mayor of Now York.. It would
ae*m tbat his "martyrdom" has not bcca
11 1 %-V ir. s. .
?Awccwi>Kty prooinojo m ft mummify point
of oou/i!<ferrtWou, But mankind ar<i noto- ^
rlotwly ungrateful, andlhe least evidence
*&ow? mat ovt frion'l? tlio nbMifcioniM* ar$
but humau after alt
**' ' ' J*' y