Newspaper Page Text
M\ , 4 . ..,.4 .
ROB T. A. THOMPSON, Editor.
R.A.THOMPSON,H. YOUNG W.1I. HOLCOMDE,
TERMS?$1.50 per annum, in advance. If pnyment.bu
dulaycil until after the expiration of 111?
year. $2. for sis months. 76 conts in advance.
8*^r*A<Iverti<eincnts inserted ill tlie usual rates.
Dini/LUin i> II n "
i ivftr/ i */. it., i.:
Saturday Morning, January 19, 180L
\Va havo added about thirty names to our list
of subscribers the present year, for most of
which we aro indebted to a fow friends.
Wo havo been forced to exclude our usual
miscellaneous variety to make room for important
news. This may continue a short time,
hut, when wo are loss pressed, wo shall return
to former satisfactory habits in this respect.
Correspondents will also bear with us. Everything
must succumb to the war news. Dr.
McBrydr's Sermon, however, shall appear next
???l, W- ?l . . 1 * -
xcoik. >? v .-'Mini iii.iii umii;;ivor iu continue lite
interesting " Sketches of Life in South Carolina."
Sue the Tax Collector's notice, nnd other new
advertisements in this number.
We learn, through a friend, that tlio barn and
produco of Cupt. F. Wieuens, near AValhulIn,
was burned on tlie 10th instant. It was tlio ,
work of an incendiary. We trust lie may be
discovered and dealt with according to his
.1 n *
oijtwcoT our commissioners antl tho I'rosi- 1
dint appoars on tho first ptgo. It occupies '
much of our spice, but it3*iinportance, in our |
jrtdgno:jt, demanded that our readors should
perasoitfor themselves. Tho Commissioners
were sont on a mission of peace, tho Convention
th vt app tinted them h;ivin? boon first assure
I that such a cmrso would moot tlie IVesidoat's
approval. Notwithstanding this, he at
last playo 1 false. S.toh on lu-it in any m.iu is,
in tho highest decree, reprehensible; but when
the elnof of a nation oncc grout, stoops so low.
it justly merits tho condemnation of tho whole
nnnhlvu If ..rill l.~ - -?I 1 --
AW n 111 tfKi luinvniinuiuil, L'l'i, til ill 11
was chiotly tho votes of tho South that placed
him in oftioo. But favors are soon forgotten by
hoiho. Wo have nothing to expect from the
Provident, lot his profusion-! bo what they may.
Tho S uith, howevor, is abundantly nblo to take
enro of herself.
As usual, where teachers are or may hocome
s sabscribors to the Courier, wo will send an additional
c ?py gratis f?r tho benefit of their
Sjhod. Will such teachers notify us when
their School commences?
At an election hold on Monday last, W. M.
Harden, Esq., was elccted Iutendnnt, and
Messrs. II. A. II. Giusov, L. C. Ckaiu, E. E.
Alexander, and C. N. lie in, Wardens of the
town of I'ickcns. It is understood, we helioi e.
that these gentlemen are " dry" on the license
A bama and Mississippi have Seceded!
THREE CIIEERS FOR THEM.
Alabama and Mississippi have resumed their
separate independence! and are falling into the
line ef States, from which is to arise a magnificent
clustor of Southern Sovereignties, throw' ?garound
us that p'-otection which we failed to receive from
ihe federal government, and bringing to our doors
a degree of prosperity, wealth and happiness heretofore
unknown. All hail to our independent
Southern Sisters !
The Ooorjiiv convention met on Wodnoaday Inst,
tho lGtlx. Doubtless hertlag will have been thrown
to the brec7.o before another issno from our press.
The election for delegates to I ho convention in
Louisiana, according to our advices, is highly favorable
to immediate action. Tho secessionists
have carried New Orleans by a large majority !
quantities of raiu has fallen during tho
present week. Tlic streams hate been out of
banks, but we have no damage to chronicle.?
Mud continues abundant and disagreeably
The Parade at Hunter's.
On Friday, (he lltli instant, the f>th Regiment
of Infantry, commanded by Co'. Grifhx, paraded i
at Hunter's for the purpose of raising volunteers
according to tlie provisions of the late act of (he
Legislature. The day was favorable, and quite a
large number of citizens were present.
When the Regiment was placed in a proper position,
Col. Asumouk, our late able representative
in Congress, made a warm, earnest and patriotic
address. He approved the course adopted liy (lie
State of South Carolina, and felt satisfied that,
sooner or later, all of the Southern States would
follow her example. He hail always advocated j
conservatism, nnd, as long there was a hope of
preserving the Union of our fathers, ho was willing '
lo lend his aid for that purpose ; but, all hopo having
been lostj the only course left us is that which
our State has adopted, lie enumerated, in a brief
and imprensive manner, the causcs which brought
about a disrupt >n of the government. Ii?j knew
not what, action the Federal Government would
tftKo in reunion to iiic icceuing Btaies, tint it was
eur duty to prepare for the worst, lie culled uj>on
iho 5th Regiment. to sliow its spirit and patriotism
by responding to the call of the Governor for volunteer.1)?lie
was a volunteer himself, and w.s ready
at any moment to march in dofenco of his State.
Wo never saw better order or a more attentive
audience?all were anxious to hear and to be informed.
At the cor. elusion of the address, volunteers
were Milled for, and a largo number more
than was required immediately came forward;
and, in less than a half hour, the two companies !
were organized, each numbering over one hundred j
The gallAnt oM 5th Regiment Imsdono well, and I
is willing to du ns much more.
Tho company from tbc upper battalion elected
Col. R. Y. H. GairriN, Captain; Copt. John \V. ;
Sijfai.RTO.v, 1st Lieut; Mnj. O. M. Lynch, 2d j
in Lieut., and Capt. Job. Mabsinoim., Knsign.
Tiie company from the lower Tlnttalion elected |
Maj. XV. W. IIoi-mwobwobth, Captain; Capt. Jno.
H. Bowm, 1st Lieut; Capt. John Hamilton. 2d
Lieut., and W. P. Hunt, Knsign, *
Nbw Orw,r.\Ns, January 7, iO o'clock, p. m.?
The immediate recession ists have carried the
city of Now Orleans for BopernteHStntte action by
an immonse majority. Twenty dofegntofl are
elected who are committed to immediate accession
?g'J>!*t five for co-Operation.
Second Dibpatcu.?Nsw OtLtAtts, Jannary
7,11 o'clock, p. hi.?There are great rejoicings
In this city over the remit of the Convention
election. All the recession candidate* on the
Senatorial ticket, and twenty-one out of tho
twenty-four on the Represeniative ticket, are
eleCTed by a decided majority. There is no j
doubt that the Stat* has gone fur ?eo??aion by :
an overwhelm* og rota.
Legislature is in session, hut, nit of tlie
mass of routioo legislation found in the city papers,
wo >;*o gather little or nothing of interest.
Some of it* proceedings can be found on the
Gov. IVxrns, we are glad to perceive, is a
man for the times. His corresnondenco with
Muj. Anderson breathes the right spirit, nud is
devoid of tho hud taste that characterizes the
productions of the army officer. His Excellency's
preparation for the defence of Charleston
and the sea-coast has hcen as thorough as his
limited time could make it. Beside, he is surrounded
with wise counsellors, in whom tho
Stato can well confide.
Since our last, three companies of Volunteers
have arrived from Edgefield, one from Marion,
one from Abbeville, one from Union, one from
Fairfield, ono from Newberry, together with
several from llin i?it? 'I'lmu !>..? ?
on into service. C<>1. Grego's regiment is full, i
A. II. Gi.aodem. Major of the Palinotto regi- I
meut, receives tho appointment of Mnjorofthis |
Carolina's absent sons are returning ami entering
the service of their native State. The
State, too, has receive J, within the last few
weeks, tenders of volunteers from her sister
States of the South. Georgia has boon very
prompt. The Mayor of Now Orleans telegraphs
the President of the Convention that " South
Carolina shall have tho assistance of that city
Mr. It. I/. IIoi.mes. a member of the Carolina
I/ght Infantry, was accidentally shot nt Castle
Pinkney bv a brother soldier, and died suddenly.
Mr. Sidney Weeks, of an Edgefield company,
fell from tho Arsenal, and was dangerously
wounded. Cray, belonging to the same
company, was accid" itly shot by a brother soldier.
The wound is nnt onrimiu
The steamers Marion ami Isabel. Imvc been ,
pressed info the service of the State, and are t'i |
iio armed for naval purposes forthwith.
Negotiation of some kind, between Gov.
Pickens and Fort Sumter, and with the authorities
at Washington, is going on. AttorneyUencrul,
I. W. IIavne, has gone to Washington.
Nothing of its character has transpired. Public
curiosity is on tip toe for the result.
The promptitude with which the two companies
of volunteers was formed in the 5th llegi- |
ment is very pleasing, and creditable to that
Hcgimcnt. As many more could be obtained.
The " Blue Ridge Volunteers," from tho upper
Battalion of the 2d Rogiinent, have completed
their organization, and elected Col. Lkdiikttco
n 'pi.- . < .1
rn.uu mimes Ul,,(UC Oilier Ollicors
havo not boon handed to us. Tho strength of
the company is about 80 men.
Thus, wo have roady to tako tho field, the
IVittaljon, (four companies) culled for uiulor tho
" Military Act" passed by the Legislature, and
four independent companies, making iu all
something over seven hundred men!
To these must be added tho company being
raised by Col. Brvce, and tho " Silver Greys."
It is truo these are for home duty, but their services.
if needed, will bo promptly tendored to
Thus, from the seaboard to tho mountains, are
the people rallying to tho aid of our holovcd
Suite, and espousing the i.ause of the South.
tv. ~ ii r? _ tj i
AUO it ai jjegun
The Steamer " Star of the West," contrary
to our expectations, attempted to reinforce Maj. I
Andekson, nt Fort Sumter, on the 9th instant. J
This Steamer was ordered around by the President
and his Cuhinct. The Mercury gives tins
account of tho affair: I
" Yesterday morning, shortly after "reveille,"
the sentries on Morris' Island reported a steam
ship standing in for tho ship channel. The long
roll was immediately beat, and all the troops
were promptly under arms, Lieutenant-Colonel
J. L. Branch. of tho Regiment of Uilles com- I
manding. Those comprised the Vigilant Rifles, i
Capt. Tapper (90 men); the German Riflemen, I
Cant. Small (00 men); the Zouave Cadets, Lieut.
Chichester (45 men); and a detachment of 40
from tlie Citadel Cadet Corps. Tho last named
body were at once inarched to the battery, commanding
the ship channel, which, at thi.s point,
passes within from ono half to three-quarters of j
a mile of tho beach. At 7 o'clock, when the \
" Star of the West" had reached a point within
tlio ran go of the guns. Major Stevens fired a shot !
across her bows, as a signal for her to heave to. j
After waiting three or four minutes nodiminu- |
tion in the speed or change in the course of tho
steamer could be noticed. A moment after, the
United States Hi?g was run up at her foremast.
Tho ''Starof the West" continuing thus defiantly
to pursue her course towards Fort Sumter,
the order was given to tho men at Morris
Island guns to open lire. Five rounds were accordingly
discharged in quick succession. Two
of the.>e are reported to have taken effect: one
forward and the other abaft tho wheel. At the
sixth discharge tho "Stnrof the West" rounded
to mid steered outward towards the bar. At !
the same time, tho ensign which she displayed j
immediately afier the warning gun, wax lowered.
Three more shots were fired from Fort
Morris and three from Fort Moultrie; one of
these hitter, it is thought, took effect.
" A gentleman on the Island reports that after
tho " Star of tho AVest" had cleared the bar
and proceeded a considerable distance beyond,
a steam propeller, of ahout 310 tons burthen,
joined her. apparently us a tender, and they
steamed off together in K. N. E. direction."'
Two shots took effcct, when tho vossel steamed
ok lor New York, it ia supposed.
Immediately after, a correspondence ensued
between Anderson and Gov. Pickens, which
will ho found on tho fourth page in the proceedings
of the Legislature.
Telegraphic despatches from Washington to
the latest dates appear in our columns this week.
The reader will give to tiiem iho credence they
aro entitled to. They arc frequently unreliable.
The speech of Senator Seward of N. Y., is
looked to with ercnt interest. The tclnernnh
reports him favorable and unfavorable. Upon
the whole, however, tho Sooth has nothing to
expect from the politicians at Wellington, and
quite an little from the freo noil States.
The President has been rabid against us since
the Commissioners exposed his doublo dealing
and hypocrisy. 11 is late message is a rehash of
his troubles and fears. Ho has reconstructed
his Cabinet, which is now said to bo a " unit"
for cocrcion, and Northern in sentiment and
nnrnoso. Ilore it is:
\ir. Black, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of
Mr. Dix, of New York, Secretary of tlie
T reasu ry.
Mr. 'louccy, of Connecticut, Secretary of the
Mr. Holt, an unnatural ?onof Kentucky, Secretary
Secretary of the interior, vacant.
Mr. Stanton, of the District of Columbia, Attorney-General.
ii in certainty yanicce in its composition.
WA^niNOTON, January 8?The resignation of
Secretary Thompson wa? conditionally tendered
more than ten days ago. Secretary Thompson
states that the President pledged himself to notify
him before ordering troops South. This
p lodge has been forfeited, m Secretary Thompson
knew nothing of the order until to-day, when
be promptly withdrew.
1 . I'News
Tlic Carolinian states that small pox has disappeared
from Columbia, and (lint that city "can be
visited without any apprehension or uneasiness."
II. W. CoNNr.n, Ksq., a member of the Convention,
died in Charleston on tho eleventh, aged
63 years. He was ft tnorchnnt of note, and a North
voruiiitinii oy oirin.???V\n extra session of Ine
Kentucky Legislature melon the sftTenlcelli.?
Tito Northern people havo licen tiring cannon in
Itonor of Maj. Anhkhso.n and Mr. IIoi.t, for their
services in tlio " cause of the Union."- On
the 7th, a fire destroyed $150,000 worth of property
in Fulton, N. Y. Col. W. Hansom Cokhocn,
of l'ickens, has been commissioned Oaptain
in the regiment of regulars culled out by Governor
i'lckkss. Martini law has not been proclaimed
in Charleston lion. Wm. A.Gkaham, of i
N.C., has been tendered and declined a position in |
old Lincoln's cabinet. Thn ul>ir> i
I ..JJ..MIH, |
willi 800 bales of cotton, was burned in Mobile liny >
on the 7lh The Legislature of North Carolina
lias appropriated $!100,000 to nrm tlint State.
The Lancaster stales that I>. W. Hay
killed Jos. Stkf.lk, oii the 6th, by stubbing liiin
with a knife, whilst in a drunken spree The
population of Florida is 150,000, and her Southern !
sisters are sending her troops to protect her oxtended
seaboard. A Union ificefing whs liold j
in Philadelphia on the 7th. Any quantity of He- !
publican gas was let off. Too late. The war I
in China is at an end. The Chinese paid France '
and England for ' the whistle." The Fnglislf are
srriously alarmed at the state of affairs in this
country. At first tliey sided with the abolilionbts,
but their lime is changing. Their pockets fcelttye
pressure. Messrs. IIhaoo, Clinoman, HkanvIi,
Chaio( Winsi.ow, IlurKiN, and Smith, mdmbers
of Congress from North Carolina, urge the Legislature
to call a convention. A convention has i
been called in Virginia^and it is believed llvat conventions
will bo called in the States of Kentucky.
Tennsssec, North Carolina, Missouri anil Maryland
Vicc President Bukckhnhidok strongly urges ?ueb !
a course in a letter to the Governor of Kentucky, j
Of tho officers ami students of tlio " Masonic
Female College," at Cokesbury, for the aeadciu
ic yenr, 18G0, has been received. This is the
iiftli yenr of the existence of the Institution,
and we are pleased to know that it is in r nourishing
condition. The number of pupils in attendance
The Home Journal
Tw lilt 111 i?li nil in V?-l. I... M_ - >1
... ??vt? * v/. rv, I.J l'IUO.113, .Ul'lllUS
& Win.is, ill $2 per annum. Tlio </oi</via/i&*$trictly
a literary paper, and is distinguished 'for tlie
able and pleasant manner in which it is eonilnCtcd.
Tho only arlicle that lias appeared in its cqjymns,
on tho present aspect of political affairs,. .tho
following, and we aro sure it will not lessen this
paper in the estimation of tho Southern people.?
W11.1,is says :
"Politics, trade and sectional iliflFni'eni*?# null
out of the question, (ami "News" knows, these I
branches of the question arc sufficiently discussed I
in the other papers!) we are sustaining a great
social loss in the estrangement of the Soulli. In
all the larger ami more refined circles of our American
society?at Saratoga and Newport, in our gametics
of the cities, and on our routes of fasliiunahlo
travel and resort?the Southerners are unquestionably
the class most sought and admired as "the
nicest people." It would be hard to find a cultivated
" society man," probably, anywhere nt the
ixm'th. who docs not number many of his most valued
friends and pleasantest acquaintances in this
class. Explain it bv what social alcliemv vou
please, too, tli e infusion of t lie Soul hern amalgam
in any nlcmbic ot' politeness at tlio North, exceedingly
improves the metal?partly, no doubt, from
the corrective given by tho more gpnerous and
graceful oualities of the South to the more lingular
and calculating qualities of the North. Tlit American
travellers who shine most at foreign courts
and in foreign society, arc from the South, They
are, in fact, our country's natural patricians. And
?abused though they arc, at a distance, by some
of the Northern newspapers, as an olfensive "oligarchy
"?the tribute of preference and admiration
is paid to thcin, by these very Northerners, nt this
very time whenever they come personally in con
uiu. juki wiiii mi me momonti .is issues "
?f secession left to more gregarious discussion. may
we not fairly own, that, itulivLlitalli/, Northern men
are regretting, exceedingly tlie tocinlestrangement
of tlie South ?"
Pimntrr's Patriotism.?Kight printers from
the South Carolinian anil Xoul/imi Guardian offices
nra in the ranks of the Columbia Artillery,
which loft yesterday. They are all young
men who will he foun<l equal to any emergency.
The large number ami the promptness with
which they volunteered speak well for tho patriotism
of the or;.ft. ? Guardian.
We may add that live compositors in tho
Mrrcnr// office are now in active service in the
?ivi n'un omiMiii.i in iinu in diihm ii.iriG?tun.?
Thore arc others in our comprising room,- <who
are. on furlough, nn<l expect to bo culled olF every
And wo may add. that three printers in the
Anderson Gazette office belong to tho I'ulrilettfl
Riflemen, and are ready at u moment's warning
to go into service?while another from this office
volunteered last Thursday in the 1th Regiment,
and the editor, a practical printer, is n member
of the Riflemen. The craft really seem anxious
for "nplace in the picture."?Anderson
The printers of this office, from tho deril up,
t.^l ii.. iiTr it ? .
uiM'iiijr m wie " aeowco v o;;r toor?," ana nre
rondv to march at the tap of tho drum.
The same can be .said of nearly every office
in the State.
Anderson.?Tho Infellif/encer gives the following
lint <>f the commissioned officers elected
in onch volunteer corps in that district:
4 2d Regiment?1st Battalion?'James f<ong,
Captain; John Long, 1st Lieutenant: \V. A
CiiHon.2d; J. W. Bramlott, Kneign 2d liuttalion?J.
L. Shanklin, Captain ; John 0. Cherry.
1st Lieutenant; John W. Daniels, 2d ; Michael
I 4th Regiment?1st Battalion?J. P. AshjnorQ,
! Captain; William Anderson. 1 At hioufc'nan ;
' W. J. Broom, 2d : W, N. Major, Ennign.' 2d
1 i?,???i:??_ i 'i' . t >n i> 1-_
??r , d\? l. iiruyum, j
| 1st Lieutenant: D. L. Hall, 2d: Jos. iiaaity,
Ensign. Gist Riflemen?II. Juliufl Smith, Captain
; G. Kd. Br>ylos, 1st Lieutenant; John
Ilamett, 2d ; , Ensign.
Independent Volunteer Corp*?Pf*l motto Rimen?J.
II. Whitner, Captnii. ; TV, W. Humphreys,
l>*t Lieutenant; C. E. Knrle, 2d; A.
Fnlton, Ensign. Sen oca Rangers?Thos. Ilall,
Captain; F. E. Harrison, 1st Lieutenant: F.
C. Borstel, 2d; C. C. Langston, Cornet. An-j
derson Troop of Cavalry?.John W. Ouyton,
Captain ; Jonn McFall, sr, 1st Licutonant; Jno.
L. Arnold, 2d ; II. B. Arnold, Cornet.
Arrest for Treason?J. N. M. Morriman,
Collector of the Port of Geo^ctown, South Carolina,
was on Monday last arrested by the people
of Georgetown on a charge of treason against
ine state, a letter was tound Written by him
and addressed to Mr. Buchanan, stating that
he (Merriman) had jtut cloar?*l tcssols in tho
name of the Unitod 8tates, and that he would
continue to do so. Tho lettor culls upoh the
1'rosidont to send A boat and men to collect tho
Federal rovenne, and Informs hinirtf theftyrngress
made in tho construction of the work's noar
Georgetown, and promises to keep him posted
from timo to time in relation to the samo. The
letter is signed by his initials, J. N. M. When
I,. 1 I ! - t.
hmdhicu iiu aniiivninii^eu Ulivmy; wriimn II.?
Lnpne. his deputy, win also arrested. lie said
he had been in tno habit of writing out Mor/inian's
letters, hut had not done .*o in this case,
us he considered it treasort. Both havo been
commixed for trial.?Mercury.
Boston, January 8?The stcamahip WhitfttT
ha* been oharterod to carry troop* nnd munitions
of war to Tortugas, Florida. She will sail
on Thursday. ? I
, ,1 J. J ... .. .1Tclegraphic
Of the President's Message delivered to Conyrets
on the 10/A of January, instant.
Tho Prosident regrets to ?ny that matters, instead
of getting bettor, arc still worse. and
hopo is daily diminishing. Alluding to the
condition of ?nuth Carolina, lie savs lie has no
other nltornntive but to collect tho revonuo nnd
protect the public property ft* fur dp practicable.
Under existing laws bin duty if to executo, nnd
not to inquire whether laws he right.
no mivs ai mo opening oi tnc ?esf?ion ho cnllc?l
attention to the dangers of tlio Union, and
rocoimnondcd *nch mriiKurcf of reliof as ho l?olievcd
would havn the effect of tranqnilizing tho
Country, nnd novo it from the perils in which it
was needlessly nnd unfortunately phiecd !
It is not necessary to repeat this opinion and
recommendation. The conviction tlion expressc<l
remains unchanged. The right and duty to
use ino military ami naval lorces against those
who illegally assail tho federal government ure
elenr and indisputable ; but the present state of
things is beyond the control of the Executive.
Wo arc in the midst of a great revolution, and
lie recommends to Congress to meet the present
emergency, To that body is reserved the power
to declare war, and remove grievances that
might lead to war, and restore pence to the country.
lTp >n thorn must rest tho responsibility.
After euh>g'zing the blessings conferred bv
the Union, ho says should it poriidt, tho calamity
will be as sevcro in tho Southern as in tho
Northern States. Tho secession movement is
chiefly made in a misapprehension as to tho
sentiments of a majority of the Northern
T.ct the question hotransfered from tho political
asssemblies to the ballot-box. The people
-.. ill r?,ir?.u .. i- ir ' ?-*
..... .. M.won ill Iit'livuil .1 IIUIUU ICl>
the trial ho made before wo plunge into tho assumption
that there is no alternative. I.et us
have reflection. Would that South Carolina
lie appeals to Congress to sav in their might,
the lTnmn shall and must he preserved by all
constitutional means. He recommends Congress
to devote themselves to prompt action with a
view to peace.
A ,1;. ;^;.... II..~ ~r on .1 *>/-> ;
.......w.. iimu * ? UU uc^htw ou iiiivinirs i.h
suggested a* calculated to produce an adjustment.
It was an imputation on members to
say that they will hesitate for a moment. The
danger is on lis. In several Sato* forts and
arsetuils hnvo been seized by aggressive acts.
Congross should endeavor to give these difficulties
a peaceful solution.
lie states that the reason why he has refused
to send troops to Charleston harbor was from
a belief that doing so would have furnished n
pretext, if not a provocation, on tho part of
South Carolina, for aggression.
Ilcforrii?JS to Major Anderson, lio says that
. officer couhl not, before ho left Fort Moultrie,
havn hold that post forfy eight or sixty hours.
He had warned his country "f danger, lie
felt that liia <luty was faitllfnliy, though imperfectly,
performed. At least he was conscious
lie meant well for his country.
Wii.minoton, January 10?The people here,
in consequonco of a dispatch received from tho
Hon. W. S. Ashe, at Washington, directed to
some of tho Minute Men. and stating that tho
revenue cutter Forward, with IIfty men and
eight guns, under the command of Lieutenant
None*, had lefc Wilmington, Delawnro. for Fort
Caswell, proceeded spontaneous!v in bitr boats
to (he mouth of the Pape Four river and took
possession of the two forts, placing a strong
forco in cacli. They will resist to the hint extremity
any attempt to land Federal troops.
Massachusetts Bi.ustf.r.?Gov. Andrew, of
Massachusetts, in his message already noticed
in our teleg:aphio column, states that i he enrolled
militia in tho State exceeds 1 fi/i.OOO men.
while the active militia numbers ahout 5600.?
The Governor suggests that a larger number
ho placed on an active font inc. so that tho State
maybe ready to contribute her share of force
in any exigency of public danger. Tho Governor
favora the abolition of the death penalty,
and a change in the statutes on marriage and
divorce. The Personal Liberty law he believed
to be strictly constitutional, as tho right of a
person to reclaim an alleged fugitive must nlWAV'S
* *-.? *" t,,V ""UWIViUCIUIV I I^IIV *11
every freeman to liberty. lie submits tlio subject
to the wisdom of the Legislature. The'secession
question lie treats ut some length, to the
effect that the people of Massachusetts respond
in tlio words of Jackson, that " tho Feueral
Union must and shall be preserved."
I'kns.vcoi.a. January 12?Fort llarancu?, and
the Pensacola Navy Yard, were taken possession
of, ut half-past one o'clock to-day, by the
Alabama and Florida troops. The federal
trnfm** IimiI nlrAnrlv ilowo???nil ?Ko ?mvo?
I J <?.??> <-|Mking
the ?r?in>?. and have occupied Fort Pickens.
A ship with provisions is nt Fort- Pickens.
Copt. Shcpiicr<l intends running n small
steamer with men, under the puns mid attack
the fort. The Georgia troops, perhaps, will he
necessary. Gov. Brown, of Georgia, has telegraphed
Capt. Colquit, who is in attendance at
tlie Contention, to he road)' with his company,
lie may ho needed very soon. Mnj. Clniso is in
command of the Florida and Alabama troops.
Richmond, January 12?The House of Delegates
has passed a Rill calling a Convention
of the people, with amendments, providing that
the action relative to secession shall be referr
pi! back to the people for ratification or rejection.
There is increased excitement at tlio capital
Later?Richmond. January 13?The Senate
Inst night passed tlio House Convention Rill
with an amendment fixing the 13th of February
as the time for tlio assembling of the State
New Ori.ean's. January 11?Advices from
Oalve?ton say that at the election on the 8th
instant, the candidates favoring the organization
of a Southern Confederacy obtained a majority.
Indian depredations in Toxas continue,
We find the following Djspatch in the Au
gustu C(?u<titution(tUnt of Sunday :
Washington, Jan. 1'2?Seward's speech put<
an end to all hope of adjustment. 11. Toombs.
XT ? r o mi rt
n a*ii v ii.i.k, .j ihnutry o? i no uovornok" recom
mends tliat tho calling of a Convention ho lef
to (lie people. He sava that the remedy foi
present evils exists only in umRiianien*? to ths
Constitution. These being refused, ho deolnrei
that Tennessee should maintain her equality ir
or independence out of tho Union, lie recom
monda the organization of tho militia and tin
purchase of urms.
| II ARRisiii'Ro, January 8?Mr. Cowan, Itepuh
1 lican, has heen eleotod United Stotes Senator
in place of Mr. Biglor, whoso term will cxpiri
on tho 4i:> of Maroh.
IIARRI8HURO, 1'/.. January II?Senator Welsh'i
rciolutions, proposing to repeal tho obuoiioui
provisions of the Act of 1847, and tl?9 Pena
Code, were voted down to-dnv. nil the Annnhli
. , 1
cans voting ngninst (hem.
Boston, January 14, lftOl?The sloop of war
Macedonian. from Portsmouth, pnsecd tho high
land light thin morning. She \ra% bound Souti
: and was under pooled orders.
Cincinnati, January 11?Tho Ohio Logisla
' turo endorses thecoursoof President Buohnnar
1 In relation to South Carolina, and pledges th<
I entire power and resources of tho State to m&in
| tain tho Constitution and the laws.
St. Loijis, January 11?By order of IJeuten
| nnt-Oenorul Scott, ft detachment of United Sfatoi
| troops to-dny took possession of tho Snb-Treasu
i ry, Post office and Custom Ilouse at this eity.
Tnis " HardTimrh" on tiib Nkwapapei
Prkhh. ? The "hard times" are telling ii
their effecta upon tho newspapers. Several
in different pari* of th? cuuuUy, l.?ve?u?
ponded?othora are curtailing their ci*e?oth
or* are doing with lew reading matter,'
Sco., tco. The publiahing bunnies# is mucl
overdone, and there are too many newspaper
printed, either for oso or profit
Penning:* and Clippings.
'fur. "Silver Orevs."?Another meeting, to
complete tho organization of this company, will
be held at this jduco on Saturday tho 20th instant.
Deep Snow in Texah?The deeped snow,
probably, that has ever fallen in this State, fell
here on tho 29th inat., (Deo. 29th.) It is wore
than cix inches deep, and still lying on tho
ground. Stock of every kind must inevitably
suitor, lite grass on tho prairios being entirely
covorcd with tho snow.
Imports or Pnv Goods?The imports of for*
1 eign dry goods nt New York, for ?li6 year juct
| ended, are about nine million dollars less thnn
I for 1859, but larger thnn for nny previous year,
j The aggrognlo imports for the year was $103,!
727.100, ngainst $110,153,014 in 1850. and $00,;
154,500 in 1858.
L.v p. ok Fmr in Mobii.k?The stores of Messrs.
] Gnscoigne <t .Stncy, nod Fry, Biss St Co.. Mobile,
1 were, on Monday of last week, destroyed by
fire, with all their content*. The loss in the
; i..?;i.i: Ann AAI\ 1 A I aa A?\A
itiiiwiii^o ?iis in goons jnw.mnt, on
which there wn? an insurance of some 75.000.
Several oilier adjoining buildings were destroyed.
New Oki.eans, La., January 12?Tho custodians
of the river fort*?Jackson and St. Phillip
?have quietly surrendered to tho city troops.
Fort Pike, at Kigolet's, lias also been surrendered
by Major Riissworth. llie United States officer
in command. Tho Arsenal at lh<ton Kongo will
bo given up at noon by arrangement to day, on
demand of the Governor of Louisiana. The Pel
ivii11 mis which nvcr mem i\ii. t\cnrty an 01
our troops returned, aftor accomplishing all that
LtTTi.R Rnoftv in Fkar of a Load ok Deiit.
?The Providenco Journal nsk? tlie question ;
" If nil ttic State* except Rhode Island M*vcde
from the Union, is she to pay the public debt?"
| (lo to bed, little 'un. and uon't be asking imper|
tinent qnostions. Yon know very well yon
j couldn't pay tlio debt, if railed upon. I'orhnpa
| you think tlio foreign creditors will *uc. What
, then ? How will the sheriff 1 ?<? able to tiud you,
hiihlen a* you are between the spindle and nut.
A Louisvm.i.k Lbaxdeb?The Louisville Courier
tells ?if a young gentleman intlintoity
is com ting a lady in JelVer.?onv:,llo, and \s>
swims tlio river after the forrv l?<?:*t stops running,
\v 11 *? is raising a mustache with a viow of
Weeping t!io drift wood out of hi* mouth.
A Virginian -Maj. Anderson, of Fort Sumter
notoriety, is not a Kontuekian, lint a native
of linckiiighniii county. Va. lie married a lady
in Georgia. iMiss Clinch) ami owns a large
landed and tduvQ property theio.
Coi,. Own?This irentlomnn passed through
Columbia, on the 11th, on his way to Georgia,
Tai.i.aiia*8f.e. .Inn. 11, 1801?The State of
Flori.lu pu*sed her Ordinance of Secession yesi
terday, nt twenty minuted after twelve o'clock,
j liy 11 vote of 02 to 7.
j Tai.i.aii asskk, January 12?The Ordinance of
Secession was signed to-day !?y tlic memhe.s of
the Convention. At tlic Kastern portico of
tlio Capital cannon wax tiring, and cheers were
sent up with great enthusiasm. T. Butler King,
of Georgia, made h political speech.
MontC'i.mkhv. January 8?A. P. Calhoun,
Commissioner from Soutli Carolina, addressed
the Convention to-day. The speech was well
received. Despatches to Governor Moore fr<>ni
Virginia, Florida and Mississippi wore read in
! the Convention, and created much enthusiasm.
Montuomerv. January II?The Ordinance
of Secession pusscd at thirty minutes af er 2
] o'clock to-day. bv a majority of 22. Cannon
j are firing, hells ringing, and tho whole city is
| in a blaze of enthusiasm.
St CON* 1) UISI'ATCII.
Montgomery is illuminated from the Capitol
! io ntc luver, in numernuM PulldingH and tho
j streets generally. An immense crowd Iiur
i gathered in front of Montgomery Ilnll, where
| thoy wore addressed hv Hon. J. L. M. Curry,
j member of Congress from Alabama, Mr. Matl
thews, of Mississippi, and others. There is a
! perfect ovation here, in honor of tho event.
Monn.r., January 12?Tho secession of the
State of Alabama was celebrated here yesterday
by one hundred guns, impromptu speeches
were made, and all the prominent buildings illuminated.
There was a military parade, and
one hundred thousand dollars moro subscribed
for the defenco of Mobile.
Jackson*, Miss., January 9?-Tho Ordinance |
of Secession of ilio Si?!n ?iw t.i.? I
n vote of eighty-four against fifteen. All tho
prominent places worn illuminated, and cannon
and liro-worlc* discharged.
Later.?Tho Comtuissioners from South Carolina
and Alabama were offered peats in tlio
Convention, amid immense applause.
Efforts for postponing immediate action wore
voted down?there being only fifteen opposing
The Convention will pign the Ordinance tomorrow,
making it unanimous.
Auousta, January 11, IS'61?A salute of one
hundred gun.* was fired here this afternoon for
Florida and one hundred for Alabama.
Jackkov, Mim.. Jttniinry 12?JudgeGholsnn,
of the United States Court hit* resigned. The
Ordinanco of Secession was signed at half-past
10 o'clock yesterday. The enthusiasm of the
' people know no bound*.
Montoomery, Ar.a., January 12.?A*
the close of the session of tbo State Convention
yesterday, an immense Mass meeting of
oar cituons whs bold iu front of tbe Capitol.
Thousands of people, of both sexes, were
present. The ladic.4 crowded tbe balconies
r?nd windows of tbe building, waving hand,
I kerobiefs and makini; other domon?trnfcinns
Addresses were made by distinguished men of
all parties, and the greatest harmony prevailed.
( All pledged to sustain and support?with
their blood if necessary?tho position taken
by Alnbamfi, nod hailed with joy tho advent
' of tho day that should seo a strong, united,
1 j prosperous Southern Confederacy,
[ I At night tho city was brilliantly illuminated.
^ 1 Tho principal streets appeared to be in a bla^c
, of light. It was a perfect feu ilejoie. The
I windows of almost every house were lighted
s up, whilo tho entiro population seemed to be
turned out in order to participate in the joy*
ous occasion. Another immense mass mcet
ing was held. It was hy various
* gentleman of eminence, among them the
Commissioner from Mississippi, Oon Mat'
thews. In his remarks Mr. Mutthews nom
I | intiUHt lion. Jctt Davis as tho futuro Commau.
der-in-Chicf of tlio military foroes of tho
Wanted? A Great Man.?The Toronto
1 Globe, in tho courso of nn article upon secession,
, "If America has got any great man, now
? is tho time for him to appear. Tho curtain is
- up, the orchestra is grinding through the
last stave of tho overture already thrico played,
" the " house " is full from pit to topmost gal'
|(>rv ! nil il AinMnlinn nAtliiiio '?
J y ^ #? nn/i I'll 1)4
j aave tho ohiof actor, tho " atnr," the hero of I
j the picce. If he cornea not ?oon, there*
i ! bo ? " row." The benches will ho lorn op,
i the big drum will >" hurst, tho gilded chftp,
deliera and winged cupids will bo amnshed to
atorui?-il.? Uctas rill be dissolved."
' A LoNd W*B.?During the pnat year the
i Maeaoehuaetta cotton luiHa hav? mnbufrcturcd
j 80,205,284 yards of cotton ciotli, mailing a
I web of 17,190 mile# in length.
* ' M *
4- m. t- . ii ft
jo* ?*? . n?W-i -fiti fidflrtftfr ^nhfi
..... - .... Iii-iiiifrtdhiii nil
--i?-J ...? 1 ?~?ss
AVa?iiinoton. Jan. 10.?In the Senate to-day,
after reading the President's Message. including
tiio South Carolina Commissioner*' fir?t
communication and tho President's respond,
Mr. Davis, after great opposition. puccciilet^-ln
introducing tbo Commissioners' rejected rejoinder
an nn accompanying document. Mr. (jlurk
introduced ft resolution favoring the enforcement
of the laws for perpetuating the Union..?
The Message was made tlie special order for tomorrow.
The Pacific Hill WHS debated.
In tho Ilonse, the Message was rcau. A resolution
was adopted, inquiring into the negotiations
to secure the transfer of the present
United States r??r?s?. arsenal, post office, custom
house, revenue cutter, etc., in South Carolina.
Adopted under tlie previous question.
W T..? 1(1 ril<>r|n.|nn nMr.
published this morir.g, created tlio most intenso
excitement here. 'J'lie iittciIi^enco wn? communicated
tn the President and to Gonernl Scott
after midnight. Orders were immediately tologranhed
to garrison every ft>rt in New York
Imriior more fully.
(Jreat indignation is expressed on all Itnnrit*
against the President for ordering the movement*
of the L'nited Statos troops. All the
Northern Senators and Representatives have
decided to denounce hiiu with bittcrncKSon the
Senator Slidell. of Louisiana, has iu?t denounced
the President on the floor of t)ie Senate,
f>r committing a j^ross violntion of the Con
stitutioii 111 appointing i>lr. Holt rccrehiry ol
Senator Davis, of Mississippi, nfkervrards
made st speech, in which he handled the
lent pretty severely, llo made ft proposition to
the ('fleet tluit Congress should immediately demand
the in^lniitnno?'iiB withdrawal of tlit* garrison
from Fort Snniter, and give assnrnnccs to
ail lite >S.>niItem States that no force would ho
used against tliem. This Ite regiirdo/1 as llio
only ii .is of avoiding a Moody civil war.
Washinotov, January 12.?In the Sonate
to day, 31 r. Seward, of New York, tnado
a great, sticeeli. lie contended tli.?t tlicro
could not bo such n tiling as u peaceable secession.
IIc advocated the repeal of all Personal
Liberty Hills. and said that tho Constitution
never should bo so altered as to pive
Congress the power to abolish slavery in tho
States. The Territorial question should bo
settled by admitting all the present Territories
as Suites, with such Constitutions as their
people may choose. Kansas should come in
with the Wyandotte Constitution. Laws
should be enacted to prevent the invasion of
one State by another. There should be two
Pacific Railways?a Northern and Southern.
hi tlie House the Mississippi members scut
iu their letter of withdrawal.
The Navy Hill was taken up. Mr. Pryor,
of Virginia, wanted to strike out the item of
84,000,000 for pay for the officers and men.
Ife said lie would sink the whole Navy rather
than vee it employed against his countrymen.
He s iid that the imbecile Administration was
controlled by an aspiring soldier. He warned jt
Virginia against the impending tyranny. ^11
According to appearances, the Administrn- ^
tion will maintain its present position towards
Wasiiin:;t in. J.inuxry 1.1?0.4"> 1\ M.?Tho
Alministra'ion i? still undoeided as to what
course it will pursuo witli ro^sird to the recent
1 i (Tien I tie.-* with South Carolina arising out of
tho visit of tho Stui- >f tho West,
It is now asserted that the Star of tho West *
will not be ordered hack to Charleston, (nib
sent to where, it is believed, she wi\? originally
destitiod. firtro^s Monroe, on tho Cho ivieako
Buy. Virginia. But no movement will he mad?
fir tho present, in view of intimations in official
(jnartors that M tj'ir Andervoi has sent further
dispatches, and that tlio Cabinet is soon to ho
put in communication with the authorities of
South Carolina with special reference to this
Publications have l?eon mn'lo thr.mqh the
newspapers, pnrpirtiug t<? Rive the details of
l/teutonant Talbot's dispatches from Major Anderson.
hut the principal journals flatly contradict
each other. Ii is only reliably known that
Major Anderson has stated that he needs no reinforcements
The Senators from the Gulf States are greatly
displeased at Mr. Seward's sneocli. Mr.
Crittenden sinil others, however, think tlir.t it
promises the olive br.ineh for n future settlement.
Tlio radical Republicans denounce it.
Several Senators of position now iwsert that
the Kchuhlicans will eventually vote for Mr.
Crittciideu'H resolutions. lint it in thought
they will not <lo so until Secession h??H run tho
jjaunilet of the Southern States. It is the opinion
of others that this action will oomo too lute
to nfleet anything.
About 2<X) United States troop.' arrived in
the eity this morning and wore quartered at tho
Armory Barrack*. The object is to make iv
military display calculated to intimidate Rtiv
attempt nt invntdon.
Tho Dejinrlmentn are Mrietly guarded by 8peciul
wntohmen, well nrmoi], nnd intone in allow ed
entrance into the buildings before or ufier
tlm itmutil business hour*.
Tli? President will send into the Sennto tho
nominntiun for .Secretary of (ho Interior tomorrow.
It 5b considered doubtful whether the President
will remove Mr. Holt from the War Doparfmont,
as he has not yet made choice of a
ThO COIIfltitlltSim lll>ir?nnr.?? "?l?
__ _ ..v... |>..|'VI ^ > (I I V ilUIIIUiiP*
tration organ) comments with great severity on
Ooncrii! Scott's prrfont assumption of powfcr.?
It considers him as playing the dictator in tho
full sense of the form, a* ho i* directing tho
whole army movements mid maintaining u eoercivo
and ruinous policy.
Washington, January 14,1801.-?In tho
Senate Mr. liiglor introduced a Union-saving
resolution. Resolutions of inqnijy were nlso~
introduced relative to Mississippi action, visiting
steamers ; also, relative to ordering troops
to Charleston and othor Southern point*. Mr.
l'olk made n speech on Hunter's resolutions,
withdrawing tho Federal troops from Charles
In tho IIoiwo resolutions wcro introduced
by Mr. Guriu-tt, to suspend tho federn! laws
in the seceding States; by Mr. Harris of Vn.,
for the rcviraf of the tariff of 1840; by Mr.
MoKoiin, on the non-collection of tho revenue
in South Carolina ; by Mr. Maynard, instructing
tho Sclcct Committee to consider and report,
and recommending that the issue bo submitted
to tho people?adopted; bv Mr. Ifolt
man, n coorciou resolution; by Mr. English*
n resolution to obtain *u expression of opibfon
ou Crittenden's resolutions.
Tho, bill to reorganize tho dr.irict military
j was debated.
j " Messrs. McClelland and Cot. made antU
secession spccehfcs on tho Army biji. Mr.
Corwin, from tho Committee of TbirtVthreoi
stated that that Committee was rendv to rb
port?made special order for Monday noxt.
second dispatch. ,
washington, Jan. 14, 1801.?Tii tl)0
Senate to day, Mr. Brown said :
Mr. President:?When tho record Is fin:?hcd
which the Semite is about to make, ii
**iH show tho absence of the Sortator* from
Alkbama, Florida and Miftsipnippi. I ?Wto
say a word why this ia bo. Those States h?Vo
uV?n steps to withdraw from th0 Federal XTuion,
of wliioh we are not so welt officially Informed
as to justify our considering it a forun.4
notice, but we think oar duty tp onr State* ,
and ourselves no longer pcrmlla us to take nu
<#? port in pnMing^ of thi? body, *