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BY ROB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1861. VOL. XII. NO. 26.
IIY Wll.l.lK LIUllTIIKAtir.
The melancholy <lavn have come,
The saddest of tho your,
When notes are due, and lengthy bills
Come in from fur and neiir ;
When " Hero's 11 small account of yours,"
Is whispered in your ear,
And ' Won't you please lo settle now,
Is all the talk you hear.
You scarce can take a morning's walk,
Without ere long you're met
15y Mr. Snooks, who wants to know
I f you can settle yet.
Ami ul tli'o hour of dusky eve.
When homeward you do hie,
Upon the parlor table, lo!
A pile ot hills do lie.
Yc chaps whose salary amounts
To ten times ton a year,
Who sport your patent leather hoots
Willi such a ' foreign air,"
Who wear your thirteen dollar pnnts,
And golden-buttoned vest.
No wonder when .January comes,
Yo neck in vain lor rest.
ic RiriH wiiii pnmly bonnets stuck
Upon your pretty hernia,
Villi high-priced silk ami satin tilings,
Willi hoops, and Howers. ami bends,
I wonder wlmt pnpu will say
When Old Spomluliek c^lls
AVitli just that "little" l?i11 of his,
For bonnets, hoops ami shawls.
Awl now my stylish little chap,
And fashionable maid,
I'll tell you what you'll better.do.
When those long hills are. paid:
Jusl spcml but half tho money now,
Upon your nddletl brain.
As you have spent for costly clothes,
And see how much you'll gain.
Foil Tilt: ICKOWKi: C'OI'IU Kll.
Sketches of Life in South Carolina.
N CM 1!Kit BV.VKN.
"We cannot say much about Fort Johnson,
as it was a mere ruin when wo were at .James
Island ; but there was a Martella Tower not
far olT, Which was an object of curiosity, bying
a Tower of brick, with no window or loop-bole
to be seen, that we remember. J5ut Fort
Moultrie was different; although then not
fully garrisoned, it was in repair, and every
part of it was scrupulously neat arid clean -?
A walk on the parapet early in the morning,
and in the aft?Tiioo?. during a brilliant Southern
sunset, th>5 Harbor, and Islands, and the
grand and beautiful Ocean being in full view,
is a pleasure ijmU' "unique" in its way. We
could never see the huge cannon on the ramparts,
and the large cannon-balls piled in such
regular order, without a feel?t?g of sadness, ns
well :is of awe, to think that these were made
for the express purpose of destroying the
limbs of our fellow-nicu. How much would
tnc reeling Have deepenod, could \vc have
foreseen the grout probability now existing,
that the lives destroyed, the limbs torn, will
be those of thousands of our fellow-citizens ?
iip those of men, the nearest and dourest to
lis?our fathers, brothers and sons ! But the
body shudders, the blood runs cold, the mind
turns dark with horror, at the imagination of
audi scenes. Let us turn from fhcin toothers
less terrible, with the earnest hope and prayer
that the God whom wo serve may in mercy
avert from us the bloody alternative of war!
And if it must come, who will pro into the battle
and face these dangers with more stern
determination, find cool, unfaltering resolve,
than the sous of our beloved little Palmetto
It was on tho beach at Sullivan's Island
that one morning a very singular sight was
seen by a crowd of people. There had boon
n groat storm the night before, during which,
the water had almost inundtted tho Island,
aiid retreating had washed away the sand considerably,
leaving exposed the edges of fourteen
coflins. The lids must have been much
broken and dec "cd., enough so to have been
washed off, with the sand heaped over them ;
but there in full view, were the fourteen skeletons,
packed in tightly by the sand. Opinions
differed grepily as to who were the original
owners of tln^e poor dry hones which
there lav low before us- So'im s?i<l tWw
------- ? _ r
remembered hearing that certain persons who
had died of tho sinull-pox had been buried
there ; others ,s lid that those coffins were those
of some of the bravo men killed at the battle
of Fort Moultrie. In either case tjiere wore
Cvidenoos of great hasto, in the graves being
?o shallow, and tho oolfins so closely put together,
that the sand had drifted in, and kept
the bonoi as 'compactly in their places as an
anatomist could have arranged thorn. Tho
houses at " the Island," or properly Hpoaking,
Moultriovillo, (a very unfamiliar naino 10
(Jharlestonians.) are generally mere framehouses,
with the r < ms biroly separated by
thin partitions of wood. Anything Mid can
bo board all oVcr tho house. They invariably
have the broad Carolina piazza, shaded cither
by Venotinn blinds or Palmetto troow, and tho
J.Yido of India. Tlo novohy to young por\
frons from tbo city?in tho biro walls, ihe old
furnituro, tho mattresses on tho flA'or?only
makes tho trip more delightful. Thou tho
evor restless oooan, with its waves orestod with
fo un, raising themselves on high, like a long
wdl, only to btoak beating on tho b^aeh, wijii
n dull, heavy roar. And what can bo moro
delightful to ovcrybody? ('old people as Well
as young one?)?than a ride or drive on that
hard, iinn and glittering bcach ? so levol too,
' and of a very good width at low tide. Tho
/ _!J 1- S.. - ! ?
^ ?viu |ii;u|>iu hi it uunui^u, niiuru or ic?s opi;n J
tho young taking it by turns to drive (a great
m) treat for city folks) in a common woodc.irt,
with ft mattress thrown in the bottom to break
tho Jolts n littlo. Or better still, ft fide on
horseback?a party of some five or nix young
men and women, or boyn and girls, making
tho nir ring with tho echo of thoir hornes
hoofs on tho hard, firm bcaoh, accompanied
by the merry Inugh nnd th<5 ready joke. 8omotimes
thoy wo\ild walk thoir horses tho wholo
way in the water, for tlic bench shelved so gradually
down 111*0 the deep part, that they could
enjoy this pleasure with entire safety ; even
running their horses in the water, highly
amused at the immense splashing that ensued
; at other times they would like better
to hear the crunching of the shells under their
horses's feet. But either way would return
home with a healthier complexion, brighter
eyes, and an appetite putting Island hospitality
very strongly to the tost. A11 appetite
sharpened by the exorcise and sea air, always
beginning, never ending ; exemplifying the
truth of the proverb in another wuy also,
i " That to the hungry man everything bitter
I is sweet;" not that the Island fare was <l bitter,"
with oysters, fish, and crabs, to help it
out. The oysters, often just taken from the
water, were roasted by the kitchen fire, the
young people standing round the great brick
fire-place, opening them with their oystorj
knives. This thing of opening oysters is quite
1 an art to the uninitiated, and only acquired by
I experience. What is the use of getting the
I , :e .4 !. -i- n- >' i
ujrMum it juu vii 11 iii 11 uiiuii Liiuu BIICIIS : 111
order to do so cffcctually, you must first provide
a good glowing bed of co;ds, put your
oysters in till tlic mouths of the shells begin
to open, then while they are hot, insert your
oyster-knife between tho edges of the shells,
I t hey will scp irate very easily. They are much
j nicer, wo think, in this way, than eaten raw,
i which, however, many prefer to any kind or
I manner of cooking.
| Wc were returning to our homo in the city
one aitcruoon just atiout sunset; tlio breeze
was favorable, and filleil the sails of the Packet-boat,
which glided silently, yet very swiftly,
through " the deep waters." Soon she overtook
a small row-boat laden so heavily with
oysters that her edges were sunk almost to a
| level with the waves. The owner of the row-*
j boat hailed our Captain, and petitioned to be
j taken in tow behind our Jniat, to which our
I rv. ?...i 4 a - ?
ruiiMvnnu. i\. rupu w;i? iiiruwu (?ui
and the little boat was soon in tow behind us,
but her load did not long continue a very
heavy one, for the passengers of our Packet
soon bought up all the oysters; every individual?"
the present company excepted "?eating
thctn raw, and exceedingly enjoying the
FOU TUB KKOWKE CO U It I Kit.
Ij<h'/or Courier?Pkau Sin : 1 send you
an article which you can publish if youchoo.se,
if not, commit to tho flames/ at but little cost
to any :
You refused to publish tny article on " Court
Week," saying, for a reason, that it was " too
complimentary of yon, and yours." Well, I
admit that it was some to that effect, but not
more than }'ou deserve. I trust 1 wrote my
candid sentiment about " you andyours," and
nothing more. l>ut you are not eomtdanied
ut by mo for selecting your own mutter, neither
should you ho by any, for the responsibility
of Editor rests upon you; therefore, I
g^try in your spunk. I ?ppi\>?Q of your policy
in that, as I desire the enjoyment and
privilege of my domestic affairs tc ?uil myself
first. Then all will concur with me that they
who write but sorry should write but seldom.
1 have, therefore, held my peace until now,
*and, at this period, I send you another article,
thinking, it has been a long time between
drams. 1 have my weapon drawn, and I take
another p?>p at you, 15> miles distant. If I
hit jou, it will bo center ; indeed, if I do not,
I'll Kill/ .'I lnlKr filirl n olinrum #1w\
. v ? .-.-o ~ vvr V..V,
P.vfjeday in January, 1801.
At (lie rising of tlic beautiful, resplendent
sun, the king of lights, in company with
friends, we started for Pickens Court House,
getting along linely. Though the weather
soon became inclement, and the roads and
streets very soft and muddy, we arrived at our
destined point in good spirits, by 10 o'clock,
finding any quantity of pedestrians going in
every direction. Tiio mud got uo scarcer,
nor harder fast, yet did all split it like fun.
The attendance was indeed large, for the business
of the day; yet all wanted to see and
hear, and try to get some money that day, for
these tight times. But we guess it was with
'em like it wis with us?they didn't got. It
turned out with us about as wo cxpeeted, or
a little more so?for money matters are as
ti<rht us wax, and we did not get any?no, not
a hit. But wo can't help it?if the fit gets
any tighter we shall loss seed, and no mistake !
It being a time of intense excitement
throughout the length and breadth of tlio
I Palmetto State, in which I reside, with all
| my faqultics of mind and understanding, I
| hourkoncd to the discussion of the topics of
j the day, which is of immense interest to all
I the Paliuotto sons at this alarming crisis.?
| The orators of the day wcro Mr. T ,
i and. Col. A? Kacli of thoin adl
dressed a large crowd, in elegant strains; pointj
ing out the great pending danger which is
, hanging over us. For their intelligence,
j counsel, and appropriate admonitions, they
i were applauded. It appeared like Col. A.
| Imd lilco to have ignited nil present with that
, fire which makes men love their country bet'
tcr than their own iivon. The applause given
him was frequent and deafening. \Vc were
liuppy to sec good order in time of speaking,
and u manifestation of respect towards tho
speakers by all. The crowd was composed of
sober men, looking, on most occasions, vory
Just boforo wo left for home, Captain
Livingston marched bin ComDanvof volun
| tcers around the Court House in doublo file,
1 and likewise in minuto stvl?. Ho ia ft minuto
man, and will bo found so whop tried, wo
Homeward wo went, after that flight, in a
kind of n get-away-hurry, finding ouraclvos
completely wrapped iu denso darkness about
the time wo landed?o,ur physical strength
well nig|i exhausted, .iud our mental faculties
but slightly benefitted.
Tho Friday following, wo took & trip to
Wolf Creek. There we saw a great concourse
of pcoplf, convened for tho purpose of coinplying
with Gqr- Pickens request. His
call was responded to by more volunteering,
hallowing, and sailing of hats into the air than
it has ever been our fortune to witness at any
previous time. Col. Asiimoiu; was there in
as good and animated spirits as we have ever
seen hitn. lie addressed the people with one |
of his best, short and sweet speeches. W j
have thought that ho could come the nean .
spitting fire of any man that we have ever seen
or heard speak. lie was frequently applaud...1
V ii l. c a i r?1 it .?
eu oy roe ooys 01 ino ;un lu'irimeni, wmi
shouts of well-done. Wo will say for the
Colonel that wo think he is one of the men for
the times, niuoni?st the many we need, as wo
do not. think that fear has any placo in his
breast; neither do wo believo that he will ,
prove recreant *:> the vows which ho has made j
time and again?no, not for the sake of re- |
taming life, reputation, property, or r.ny other j
element which time affords. We cannot j
doubt, his iiltc^rity by any means. Success to j
hi in for time to come !
Front sixteen to sixty years old, can be '
found hundreds, yea, thousands, in Carolina's j
borders ready to serve their country in peacc j
or war, if they are called for. Taking into ,
consideration all the business of the day, it I
was one of uncommon interest and excitement '
at Wolf Creek?about which place will bo j
found some men, yea, war-dug**, if 1 might so I
call then, that have not done all their growling j
and barking at the enemy while away yonder, j
and then prove as mute as mice and silent as I
death. When he comes near, with his furious '
veils, thev'll show him that tlinv are smis of :>s !
bravo ancestors as nnv on earth.
'1'n i; An my Offi.tkhs ok tiik Statf..? '
Tho following nominations were confirmed bv
the Senate during secret session, on Saturday.
The remaining; names communicated to the
Senate by tho Governor have not been finally
ac ted upon :
I Appointments f>r First H-yiment rn/ixfnl
men, untle.r gpcciul restitutions of Convention.
John Dunovant, Major.
Fiusr Autm,i,kky.?W. I! Cidhonn, Cup.
tain; T. M. Wagner, First Ideutcuant; \V.
C. l'rcston, Second Lieutenant.
Sf.(.'OXI> AuTru.r.uv.?I. II. Ilallonqnist,
Captain; W. II. (libhes. Second Lieutenant.
I'lH ST f N fa NTH v.?W. IV Smith, Captain.
| ?"m;cund lnfantuy.-^ William liutler, l'ap|
Third Infantry.?W. I). DeSaussurc,
I Captain; .Tamos I lamilton, Second Lieutenant.
! Fourth Infantiiy.?Gcorirn .lames, Coptain
; 15. F. Sloan, First Lieutenantj .John
It. Blocker, Second Lieutenant.
Fifth Infantry.?.Tolm C. Siinkins, Captain
; (1. N. Reynolds, .Jr. Second Lieutenant.
Sixth Infantry.?Thomas M. Baker,
Captain; Il.S. Farley, Second Lieutenant.
The following resolution was also adopted |
in the Incentive Session, and was directed to
be sent to tho Governor, to wit:
JinsuUcd, That all officers nominated by
the Governor, and confirmed by the Senate
for tho military, talco rank from the date of
| confirmation ; and, where of equal grade, they
take rank by lot, according to military usage.
Tmmknsk Influx of Sim:cik.?The Asia
brought out a million and a half of specie,
making up about ten millions received from
Euiope since the panic set in. The consequence
of this drain has been that the Hank
of Eugland has been obliged to raise its rates
of discount to six per eont., and the Bank of
France to five and a half. These rates are
far from having reached the maximum. Notwithstanding
that the conclusion of peace with
China has stopped the drain Eastward, it will
be more than counterbalanced in the spring
i bv the coininenecmeiit of hostilities nfrainst
! Austria and a general armiug of the European
Governments. As regards ita flow in this direction,
there do not appear to be any probabilities
of its proximate cessation. Altogether
tlio position of the European Governments
and populations is no more reassuring than
our own. The infatuation of political theorists
and anarchists promises to plunge both
the Old and New Worlds into a .state of distress
and confusion which it will take years to
remedy.?+Ycw York Ifrrafd.
LINCOLN'S I N.U'UIJUATION. Humors of a |
very alarming nature roach us through reliable
private sources from Baltimore, the authorities
at that pUcc having received positive
and definite information of a conspiracy
now in existence and thoroughly organized
to obstruct the course of the I'resident clct
through that city on his way to Washington.
Tho authorities very wisely have nbstaiued
from making too much fuss about the affair,
well knowing that notoriety often serves to
stimulate the bad passions of dangerous men.
Hut acting under the advice of Gov. Hicks
and General Scott, full counter-preparations
on the conservative dido are being rapidly
hastened forward; and it is added that certain
prominent officers of Ibis city, both civil
and military, wero recently callcd to Haiti
more, whore they have full anil frank consultations*
with Gov. IlickH ns to the measures to
be taken ?;?r Mr. Lincoln's safety.
Many of our New York raiments, during
tho past week, have voted by ballot as t<>
what course they should pursue in case any
attempt bo mado by the firc-oaters to seize tho
city of Washington as a means of preventing
Mr. Lincoln's inauguration; and in nearly
every company that we have hei.rd from, tho
vote was unanimous in favor of volunteering
thoii services to (Jen. Scott for tho defcnco of
tho National Capital?tho companies most
democratic being tho most eager and earnest
for this duty. In ono of tho largest of our
city regiments there were but fivo men who
voted to remain at liotno should Washington
bo threatened with seizure* Those are significant
si^ns of tho times.?lVcw York Leader.
Naval .Appointment.?Tho rank i. .J
offico of Captain in the Navy of South (Carolina,
havobeen conferred on Jamca II. North,
late Lieutenant in the U. 8. Navy, nnd hon
ui~ :_U-J r...
vmugr uiaiiiiguisiiuu lyr emcient sorviccn.
Wo with pleasure give place to the follow- j
ing correspondence, (says 4he Charleston \
Cnnrii'i'y) though received at ; very late hour
last night, or an early hour this morning:
Nasiivii.i.e, Tknn., January 18,1801. <
/.' ur 'i - i' '
?*.//?. jl rr. i ?? ? mo, ui/cf/c// (// (Hf JLKJKIUlie
of tS'iut/i C'nro/inu, (Jhnrtvston :
Allow 1110 tlio very great pleasure, if you
please, sir, to place tlie within check of II. <fc
15. Douglas, 011 tlio Chemical Hank, City of
Now York, in your charge. The Bank of
Charleston will willingly pay yuu ?1,0Q0 in
the coin of the former United States of North
America for the chock. I desire tliis fund
..linii bo n.^ed in such a way as you and your
immediate State advisers may determine, as
most likely to promote the greatest good to
tlie greatest number of the brave people under
1 fee.l that 1 am not performing half my '
obligation to your glorious people, for their j
efforts in demonstrating to nic that it is even !
possible for my native State, Virginia, and j
the State of my adoption, Tennessee, to resist
the designs of the vilest, but most powerful ]
organization with which America has yet
boon cursed. I inn the father of five fearless j
and strong-minded, nnd yet stronger armed
sons, either one of whom can bring his game
from the tallest tree, with a ball from his rifle;
three or four of whom can be with yon and
your noble people, at mv expcusc, when you
may need them, if it be before their native
State, Tennessee, shall require their services.
I have also two intelligent negro men, who
would willingly and efficiently fill any vacancy.
when one or more of their young masters
| may be disposed of by the enemy. And I
rejoice to he able to tell you, truly, that there
I arc one hundred thousand more of the same
Kurt of matori.il in Tennessee.
I will not longer trespass on your most valuable
time, except to say to you that it is
piito evident to me that your State has hit
on the only mode of settlement. My heart
is with you. May God Almighty direct and
bless you and your great people.
I am, most respectfully,
Stack of South Carolina,
Executive Office, Treasury Department,
Ciiari.kston, .January 21, 1801.
Sir: I am directed by bis Excellency the
Governor to acknowledge the receipt of one
thousand ($1,000) dollars enclosed in your
letter of the 1 Sth inst.
'im.-x ? ,i ...i :?i. _ . -i
I 1117 V/VJI 111.11 M IIIJMI II) Willi Olll* J)(.;upil3
which you express, adds greatly to the value
of the donation, and T am instructed by his
Excellency to convey to you his high appreciation
of your generous patriotism. The
warm int est you evince in our common
cause, irives cheering assurance that no long
time will elapse before every true-hearted son
of the South will hold the same elevated and
p itiiotie sentiments which you have so nobly
displayed, and that Tennessee, Kentucky and
Virginia will come up to vindicate that common
Allow me, a'su, io extend the same grateful
acknowledgments to your brave and efli
I ciont sons, whose servicesTennessee may well
be proud to claim in her hour of need, and
whom we honor not the less that we at present
do not avail ourselves of their generous offer.
To such loyal hearts and strong arms the
South may fearlessly confide her defence, and
by such disinterested patriotism and generosity
will the cause of truth and freedom triumpli.
With assurances of high consideration and
respect, your obedient servant,
C. (!. Mi: MM I NO KR.
llvui) Doliur.ve, Esq., Nashville, Tenn.
New Jersey, the only Northern State that
was not overwhelmed by Lincolnisri, has a
I glorious record in the following extrac' from
a into report ot tiie Judiciary Committee ot
" New Jersey lias fulfilled every obligation
to the Constitution ; she lias no personal liberty
bills on her statute book, ami her laws
for the rendition of fugitives from service
were enac ted to carry out the provisions of
tho Fugitive Slave Law of 1703. B >ing a
i. ?i^.. i.\.l ? c....
oi.iti;, i ii i > i: I ill; 1111 11\s
for taking rofugo on lior soil, but they have
invariably been delivered upon claim of the
party entitled thereto, under Iter !;i\vs< The
Act concerning fugitive slaves authorises
their reclamation either by the Acts of the
Legislature or of Congress, and the keeper of
the State Prison, and shoriHs and County
Jailors are required to receive and safely keep
i|i their prisons all persons committed under
the authority of the United States, till discharged
by due course of law."
The report also mentions that citizens of
Southern St.itcs, having a temporary residence
in Now Jersey, are permitted to bring with
them personal slaves, nnd take with them
their servants on removal out of tho State.
Washington, January 22.?Hills nre being
prepared by tho Military and Naval Committees
of tho House, and by the Oommittoo
of Ways and Means, for immediately placing
the country upon u war footing. The President
will bo authorized to call for tho enlistment
of volunteers, and a considerable number
of war steamers will be forthwith ordered
to ho nmisfrili-fed 'flirt rrtpmit. ilpinOnstfr.i.
lions in Southern porta show that \vc are doiioiont
in our naval force, and especially in
substantial light draft vessels. ilenco the
recent necessity of employing an unarmed
wooden shell, 1 iki- the Star of the West, to go
upon a warliko errand.?New York Ifcrald.
rUKti 1?I hN Ui CuLuu VoLl- NTEKKINO.?
Wo learn that a large number of tho free-colored
men of Columbia havo offered their services,
through tho Mayor, to the Governor of
tho State. They say that to 8outh Carolina
do thev owe nllemnnnft- n.n?l fn Imp #!>nu
J ... - n .. .. -w
look for protection, and they arc willing to
servo lior in nny capacity tlicy may be assigned.?
The Non-Slaveholders of the South.
Their interest in the sectional controversy
identical with that oj the slavchuhlera.
.1 auiea !>. 1>. Do How, Editor of Do How's
Review, writes a letter on this subjeet to Mr.
R. N. (lourdin of Charleston, in which ho
proves his position most satisfactorily. W'c
can only give our readers some of his points,
lie informs us that the poor men of the
South are the holders of one to five slaves,
and it would be equally consistent with truth
and justice to say that they represent, in real.
_i i. _ 1 i: _ .
ii.j, ua sinvvnuiuiii^ mu'i'CSi.
The following arc the propositions which
1. The non-slaveholder of the South is assured
that the remuneration afl'orded by his 1
labor, over it ml above the expense of living, !
is larger than that which is afforded by the
same labor in the free States.
2. The non-slaveholders, as a elass, are
not reduced by the necessity of our condition,
as is the ease in the free States, to find employment.
in crowded < ires, and come into
competition in close and si ' ly workshops ami
lactones, wun remorseless ami untiring ma- :
3. The non-slaveholder is not subjected to
| that competition with foreign pauper labor
I which lias degraded the tree labor of tlie
j North, ami demoralized it to an extent which
] perhaps can never be estimated.
4. The non-slaveholder of the South preserves
the status of the white man and is not
regarded as an inferior or a dependent.
f). The non-slavoluilder knows that as soon
os his savings will admit; he can become a
slaveholder, and thus relieve his wife from the
1 necessities of the kitchen and the laundry, j
i ....,i i.:*. ?i.:i.i r_ <i li- p .i r.
I nun iii* Liiiiuitii iiuiii i lie laoors oi iiio u0k1.
(j. The largo slaveholders and proprietors
' of tlio South begin life in great part as nonj
7. I3nt should fortune not he in reserve for
the non-slaveholder, he will understand that
by honesty and industry it may bo realized to
8. The sons of the non slaveholder are and
have always been among the leading and ru-'
i 1 imjjc spirits of the South, ia industry as well
ns in politics. lie instances McDulfie,
(Ihevcs, Jackson, Clay, Husk, Hammond,
Yancey, Orr, Menuningcr, licnjamin, Ste\
pliens, Soule, the "Browns, Simms, Porter,
Mngrath, Aikin and Whites.
0. Without the institution of slavery, the |
gre.it staple products, of the &outh woull |
coase to l??? grown, and the immenso annual re- !
suits which arc distributed among every class
of the community, and which give life to cv- !
cry branch of industry would cease.
10. If emancipation be brought about as
will undoubtedly be the case, unless the ciiroaclunents
of the fanatical majorities of the
North are resisted now, the slaveholders in
the main, will escape the degrading eqnality
which must result, by emigration, for which
they have the means, by disposing of their
personal chattels, while the non-slavehoMors,
without these resources, would bo compelled
to remain and endure the degradation.
Mr. DeBow concludes by apologizing to
non-slaveholders of the South, of which class
he was until very recently a member, " for
having designed to notice at all the infamous
libels which the common enemies of tlic South
have circulated against them, and which our
every day ex periciice refutes, but the ocea- j
sion seemed a lifting one to place them truly I
and rightly before the world. They fully un- ]
derstand the momentous questions, which
now agitates the land, in all their relations.?
They perceive the inevitable drift of Northern
aggression, and know that if necessity
impel to it, as 1 verily believe it does at this
moment, the establishment of a Southern
Confederation will be a sure refuge from the
I storm. In such a con fedora t ion our rights
i and possessions would lie secure, and the
wealth being retained at homo, to build up
our towns and cities, to extend our railroads
and increase our shipping, which now goes in
tariffs or other involuntary or voluntary tributes
to other sections, opulence would be
diffused throughout all classes, and we should
become the freest, the happiest, and the most
prosperous and powerful nation upon earth."
*"Thc annual drain in profits which is goj
ing on from the South to the North is thus
J set d jwn by Mr. Kettoll of New York:
| Bounties to fisheries, . . 81,500,000.
\/u^iuiii.t, ni."?uui ^ru ill Lilt; '
Profits of manufacturers, . 80,000,000.
" " importers, . 1<>,000.000.
" shipping, inipcrtsnnd ex., 40,000,000.
" " travellers, . . 60,000,000.
j " " teachers aud others at )
the South soul North, \ 5,000,000. !
" " agents, brokers, com- )
missions, etc., } 10,000,000. ;
' " capital drawn from ")
the South, ) :)0,000,000. 1
This from the beginning of the govcrnnient,
making all proper deduction from year '
to year, has given to the North, ov r 82,500, |
000,000 of Southern wealth. Arc her accu '
mutations thon surprising, and can one ho j
oui|Mincv( 11 iiuuu III UlilUUU BIllHIIU apjlUill' ll> Uli
le*s in tho South "?
South Carolina Commissioners to tiik
PuehIDKNT.?Col. 11 ny11o, of South Carolina,
communicated his letter to the President,
Saturday, says n dispfttch from here .o tho
New York Herald. It is not in the shape of
a demand, lis at first presented : but it is
couched in moderate and toinporatc language.
Ho has been induced to this moderation of
the ultimatum of South Carolina by the exi.st111tiluLi:
of feeling hurc among Liit.' Southern
men. The communication was submitted to
and approved by Senators Hunter and Mason,
of Virginia, before it was sent to the President.
Whilo South Carolina does not yield
the position which she first assumed, yet she
is disposed to properly appreciate the embarrassed
position of tho present Administration.
[ Wash inylop filutcs.
"The Needle stii.i, Points to the
I'oiiE."?The Albany l\itr!ol jjivos the folio
w i 111' itt">m wliii'li wi\ wmv u-itli ..d
doing but sheer justice to u true sou of Kdgc- A
"On yesterday, which was ono of the
most ioclCUHMit. days we ever experienced,
Mr. Reuben Reynolds, a eiti/en of this county,
and an old man, walked ten miles through
che mud and rain, to vote the secession tieket.
lie was one. among the first of our citizens to
ilon the blue eoekado. It looked a little tins
worse for tbe dampening it got, but dry
weather will make that all right. When wo
state that .Mr. Reynolds is a native of South
Carolina, it will in the minds of some people
account for his zeal. We go for putting hitu
on the pension list of the new Republic."
Just what mi<jcht have been expected of
old Itenb. It's Edgefield all over. Why one
of our Ji'i/h s walked 10 miles to join his company
the day before it left for Charleston ;
and two or three others walked 15 miles to
unite with it at a station on theS. ('. Hailroad.
Place him "in the land of the stranger,"
or where you will, an Edgefield man's
heart still (ires with the hopes, tlie prospects
and tin; aims of his boyhood's home.
"Though the barque be toss'd by the '
winds and the waves,
The needle still points t.o the pole,"
[ Eihjcfichl fucrtiner.
i nr. i'osition oki?ov. hicks.?The response
of Governor Hicks to tho Talbot
County committee leaves no longer a shadow
of doubt as to bis ulterior design. We gave
cvedcncc the other day to a statement from a
source we deemed perfectly reliable, and
which we have no cause to doubt, that t' o
Governor bad at last taken a practical view
of our position ; but our informant was evidently
misled. It is now manifested that
Gov. 1 licks will do nothing to authorise popular
action in the State of Maryland. Wo
shall not stop now to examine the causes of
the determination; they will no doubt fully |
appear at a future day. lie has affected a
disiiosit inn to mil l!n> !n^ikiu nf !.<> ,1.,,. 1.
the people on certain contingencies, all of
which have transpired ; and he now deliberately
charges upon the Legislature secession
designs, a wanton imputation for which there
is no excuse, for the Legislature of Maryland
would not dare to hint at such proceedings
as he alleges against tliein. If the remarks of
(iov. llieks have any definite meaning, it is
that he. will authorize no action on the part
of the people, until after the inauguration of
Mr. Lincoln. And he makes this purpose
known under cover of the profession of at
tachmeut to tlic South. The citizens of Maryland
are capable of understanding such inconsistency
as this without an interpreter.
Ll'.TTKK from Ex-1 *11KSIDKXT Km.I.MOTIV.
?'J'ho Hon. Millard Fillmore was, a few
weeks ago, suggested by a I'nion meeting in
New York as a suitable person to go to South
Carolina to tender the people of that State the
assurances of the citizens of New York that
the North would respect and uphold the constitutional
rights of the South. This mission
iMr. Fillmore declined, and in his letter remarked
What they want, and what T want, is.'orne
assurance from the llepublican party, now
dominant at the North, that they, or at least
the conservative portion of them, are ready
and willing to come forward and repeal all
unconstitutional State laws; live up to the
compromises of the Constitution, execute the
laws of Congress honestly and faithfully, and
treat our Southern brethren as friends. When
1 can have any such n!table assuranrei as this
to give, I will go most cheerfully and urge our
Southern brethren to follow our example, and
restore harmony and fraternal affection between
jhc North and the South. At present.
our labors should he hers. Let us put ourselves
right, and tlien we can with more confidence
and justice appeal to them.
T K n n f. s s f. K. ?The ft <11 o w i 11 g resol u t i o n s
have been adopted by the Legislature of Tennessee
Resolved by the General Assembly of tho
State of Tennessee, That this General Assembly
has heard with profound regret of the re
solutions recently adopted by the Statu ot'
New Vork, tendering men and money to tho
President of tho I'nited States to be used in
coercing certain sovereign S tut cm of tho South
into obedience to the l-td.Tnl Government.
ftrsotrat, That tho (ie oral Assembly receives
tlic action of tho Legislature of New
Vork as the indication of a purpose upon the
part of the people of that Statu to further
complicate existing diflionltie.s, by forcing tlm
people of the South to the extremity of submission
or resistance, and^so regarding it, tho
requested (o iiifonu tlia Executive of tho
State of New York, that it is tho opinion of
this (Scncnd Assembly that whenever tho authorities
of that State shall send armed forces
to the South for the purpose indicated in said
resolutions, tho people of Tennessee, uniting
with thoiv brethren of the South, will, as one
man, resist such invasion of the soil of tho
South at all hazards, and to the brat extremity.
A FRENCHMAN, resolved to bo rid of life,
.. i.: _i. 11-i ? . ?
"VIII. II 11111 u uuiun: IIUU ll> U pOSl HI'l lip
by the sea side, lie had provided himself
with a ladder, a rope, a bundle of matehea,'
and a vial of poison. Ascending the ladder,
he tied one end of the rope to the post, and
the other end round his neck j thcu lie took
the poison, set his clothes on lire, put tlio
muzzlo of the pistol to his bend and kicked
away the ladder. In kicking down iho ladder,
he sloped (he pistol so that the ball miss
od his head and cut through the rope by
which ho was suspended ; ho fell into tho
8v.? extinguishing tho ilamcs of his clothes,
niid the sea water which ho involuntarily
Swallowed counteracted tho poison, nr.d thus,
in spito of his precautions, ho remained unchanged,
unshot, unpoisoncd, uuburucd and