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"31 H ? M II H @ (1) ?J S JI ** P
" T? THINK OWN SELF HE TKUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AM THE V" ' ' ' NIGHT THE DAY, TIIO.E CWST NOT THEN HE FALSE TO ANV MAN."
BY ROB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO. PICfiENS C0U11T HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, MARCH 2, 1861. VOL. XII. NO. :><>.
OMHwwrMMMaMn^MQ n- - - mi I H mi , | _
The Beauty of Liberty.
"In nil things that have bounty, there is nothing
to nian more comely than liberty."?Milton.
When the dnnce of the shadows
At daybreak is done.
And llie checks of the morning
Are red with the sun ;
When he sinks in his glory,
At eve from the view,
And calls lilt the nlnnots
To Maze in flic blue ;
There is beauty. Ilut where is tlic bcnuty to sec,
More proud than I he night of a nation when free?
When the beautiful bend
Of (lie bow is above,
Like a collar of lijxht
On I ho bosom of I.oye;
When tlie moon in her niil<lnos8,
lii touting on high :
m ? * " *
inrrc is oeiiuiy, lint earl It lias no beauty to see.
Mure proud tliJin the front of a nation when free.
In the depths of the darkness,
Unvaried in line,
Willi no thick cloud 10 cover
The sky from our view ;
When the voice of the tempest
At midnight is still.
And the epirit of Solitude
Sobs 011 Iiie hill,
There is beauty. Hut where i* the beauty to see,
bike the broad beaming brow ot n nat ion when free?
In the breath of <lm
- ... . ..? ..
When nature's awake,
And calls up the chorus
To clinnnt in the brake;
In tlicvoicc of the echo
Unbound in tlx- woods;
lu the winding of strenins
And the fomidnpr of floods.
There is bounty. Hut whore is the beauty to see,
Like the thrice hnllow'd sight of a nation when free?
AVhcn the striving of surges
Is mad 011 the inn in.
Like the charge of a column
Of plumes on the plain ;
ii uvii i tic i niiiurr is uj>.
From liis clonil-erndle sleep,
Ami the tempest is M ewling
The path of I lie deep.
There is beauty. Hut where is the beauty to see,
Like t he tlirice hallowM sight of u nation when free?
Toil Till". KKOWKK COVKIEIt.
Sketches of Life in South Carolina.
NMIM I4K11 vrvv
According to promise in our last number,
wo will now proceed to Charleston ; fearing,
however, that, as wo progress in its description,
our partiality may be too plainly discovered.
For this is our native city; the homo of our
childh ood and youth ; the place where lie. in
solemn pcaccfulucss, till the last great day,
? - . ?? r .1 - ? - ? ' -
lihj uuiiub <m lainur, uioincr, uroincr, and ot
all our sac rod d'vul. "Believing that the extract
below will interest a gotul many, especially
at this present time, we will here quote
the following from the writings of the great
and good Dr. David Kamsav. In " Ramsay's
History of 8outh Carolina," vol. l,pagc
1, chapt. 1, he thus describes the very first,
beginning of the Citj of Charleston :
" That germ of civilized population which
took root, flourished, and spread in South
Carolina, was first planted at, or near l'ort
lloyal, in 1070, by a few emigrants from England,
under the direction of William Saym:,
. the lirst governor of the province. Dissatisfied
with that situation, they removed, in
IUM, to the western bunks of Ashley River,
and there laid tho foundations ot' old Charleston,
on a plantation now belonging to Hi,ias
Lynch IIovky. This site was injudiciously
chosen, for it could not be approached by vessels
of large burden, and was therefore abandoned.
A sccoud removal took place to Oyster
Point, formed by the confluence of the
rivers Ashley and Cooper. There, in the yenr
1080, tho foundation of the present city of
Charleston was laid, and in one yeur thirty
houses were built. Neither tho number of
tho first settlors, nor their names, with the
exception of Wir.l.lam Sayi.k and JoSKl'll
Wkst, have readied posterity. They could
not, however, havo^been many; for all of
. ? * " '
mi;m, logumor with provision*, arms, and
utensils rcquisito for their support, defense,
end comfort, in a country inhabited only by
savages, wore brought from Kngluud to Carolina
in two v.essels."
A note appended to tho above, soya that
"a monument in the Circular Church, erectcd
to tlio memory of Koiikut Tiiadh, states that
ho was tho lirst malo child born in Charleston,
and that he died on the 80th of March, 1731,
in the 52(1 year of his age." '1 hough the precise
time of his birth is not mentioned, the
whole accords with other historic evidence,
that Chnrlostown began to be built in 1 <>80. |
At first these settlers were from different j
countries, nnd witk different principles. Fifteen
yoara afterwards, many Protestants, of
tho Iluguenot faith, (coinpellod by the revocation
of the Kdict of Nanl*/,,) migrated from
tho South of l<'rnni>(> tn I !fii*r?liu? Mmm /.f i
them settled on the Santeo Uiver, which was
nnmcd from them, the French, Sa'ntco. lint
from thoso among these refugocs who established
themsolvcs in " OharlcHtown," p.s ninny
as 68 of tho most respeetablo families of tho
city arc sprung. Dr. Ramsay has fin the
tmmo chapter from which wo quoted our extract,)
given tho names of all these founders
of families. Among them arc the names so
familiar to us in I'ickons District, of " flaillftrd,"
and " Dnprc nnd also of " Laurens,"
the name of our neighboring I) trict. Thus
vrc hove given tho earliest known history of
tho dear old City. Tho rtpproaoh to it, we j
think, is much more imniwlnfr n? ;
? -??o ? .I
tho seaward, on entering tho harbor, than ns
seen from tho window* of tho oars by travel- j
lcr? from the country. Seated on the vory
edge of tho water, with hpr forest of iunsU,
' her spires pointing to Heaven, find her lino ,
of Palace* on tho unttttrt, she looks liko the i
u Queen'CJity of the'South," tho porta! of tho '
chivalrous H't'tV Palmetto State, closed nml
guarded, and which must first bo forced by 1
tho eheniy, cro an o^tniuco eftn be gained Into i
thef Interior. .
And bore we mu't bo njlowed to remark, 1
that, we have always ascribed that htvo of I
chivalry and honor, that impetuous, and cvou j
rash bravery so conspicuous in the character ,
of the men of Charleston, and of South Caro- 1
linn, generally, to their descent from the
Huguenots of the South of France. Whilo i
! the Germans, and the English, with cool de- ,
it*rmination, will endure everything, and with ,
the indomitable courage of the bull-dog, nov- I
cr give up, the French, with a rapidity
; and rash daring almost unparalleled, often j
irresistible, frequently carry everything before
them In proof of this, witness the number 1
and brilliancy of the victories under the grout !
Napoleon I, ngainst the combined armies of nl- ;
most the whole of Europe, not to mention j
, those of a very late date under the present j
I,' VT ' 1 ......
i/in jii.Tor, rxapoicon ii i, in Italy, iVe. 5St range j
! to say, wo fear this is too much tlio churacter ,
and disposition of our own Palmetto boys.? j
Had they more of the cool, cuutious, and sure ,
' (though slow) wisdom of their English nnees- ;
tors, there would not have been so very many j
1 of them left behind uii the battle-fields of j
Mexico, when our Palmetto Regiment re- j
i turned home. And also, in the coming con'
test thero would not thou be so much rerson
to fear that numbers of the very llower of our ,
young men, the very best in the State, will ,
bo uselessly, though gloriously sacrificed in j
j the defence of the liberty, honor, and sac>< d
| rights of their Sovereign State, and her Sout h- j
I crn Sisters. Descended (as we are^) from both '
(Jerman, English, nnd French ancfcstors, wc
feel that our opinion is, at leant, an impartial
one, as to the different qualities displayed in J
war by these different nations.
The streets in Charleston are generally |
wide, (although they do not attain to the i
" magnificent distances " of those in Washington
nnd Columbia,) and arc on each side j
ornamented by rows of beautiful shade trees, j
which arc also extremely useful to the citizens |
by protecting them from the bent of the sun. j
The City appears to strangers like, a very an- j
cicntone, as the moisture of the air affects the j
; paini 011 uio nouses so tnueh, t hat it wears off
I almost directly. The climate is mild, and |
very damp, with hut little cold weather. *Thc j
natives find it debilitating; the Northern i
consumptives find it soothing to their irritated
and worn out luu s. What will these, latter ;
do next winter if war is declared by the North
against us, and they can no longer accept and ,
enjoy the warm-hearted, cordial hospitalities
and (still better) sympathies of Charleston? ;
A part, of the City is built on made ground.
When the cholera, some years ago, visited the
the City, it made a very marked distinction
in its ravages between the real earth of nature's
forming, and that made up bv man.? .
Wo know of one instance, in particular, whore,
on the premises of gcntlWnan's establishment,'
there wore two kitchens, one on good ;
ground, the other on made ground. The
" angel of the pestilence poured out his vial "
on the people dwolling on the false foundation,
but "passed over" the inhabitants on
the sound, pure soil, who were really not even
attacked by the disease.
Thk Act to Piiovidk an Akmkd Mm- j
tahy l-ymcr.?We would call attention to
the subjoined order, showing the construction
put by the Secretary of War upon an " Act
to Provide an Armed Military Force:"
Dki-ahtmknt ok War, January 17, 1SG1.
To Adjutant' General Gist.
You will proceed forthwith, so soon n.? '
i.i n. ? r 1
cifiin * urn [mines or i man try and the Jiiflo ,
Companies thereto attached, in any Infantry
Brigade, shall have, been reported to you, to
organize tbe same into Regiments, to be numbered
in the order of date of organization ;
and yon will divide each Regiment into two
Battalions, having reference as far as may be
to territorial neighborhood of the companies.
One liifle Company, however, to be attached
to each Battalion. You will further order,
in cucii iiegiment, an election tor Colonel, j
Lieutenant-Colonel and Major, to bo held i
within ten days from the acceptance of the .
last. Company composing said Hogimont.? I
The election to be held under the provisions >
of the "Act. to Provide nn Armed Military i
Force," and each Company to vote for three I
field officers. When more than ten Cotnpa- j
nies are reported to you in anj Brigade, you :
will attach said Companies to others in simi- j
I ... uvin i 111 ?nu ur^JiillXC
them into appropriate Battalions and Regiments
as hereinbefore directed.
I> \ Jamison.
Spkkodks or tiik Oummisbionkrh?Tiik
I'koplk Want to JIkakThkm.?Yes'tcrday,
Mr. Proston, tho Commissioner from
South Carolina, concluded the addresses of
the Commissioners of the seceding States to
the Convention of Virginia, in r. magnificent
oration, whioh thrilled ovcry bo <0111 in the 1
vast audience, and was worthy of the Patriok
Honry blood that uourses through his veins.
The Convention have had a rare treat in 'he
beautiful and truly eloquent address of Mr.
Anderson, of Mississippi, tho logical and
powerful argument of Mr. Henning, of Ocor
gia, anil the soul-stirring strains of the gifted 1
Preston. Thousands wore unublo to obtain '
admittance; only the people's servant*, ond '
comparatively few ticket-holders, have been 1
fortunate enough to hear these Commission- (
ora?now, the people themselves would liko '
to heur these representatives of tho seo'.ding *
States of the South. Wo submit to those 11
prominent citizens who feci special interest 1
in this subject, that they would do their coun- (
try somo service if they would institute mens- 51
urea to prevail upon these gentlemen to lot the 1
people of our city hour them, ut such time ,
and place as best suits their coMvonienoo.? 1
Wo winh, indeed, our vriuk Stnto and nvnrr 1
State of the Soutli could ffknr their counsela '
of wlsdoin jiud their words of fire.
[ Jiichtnond ])i*palrh. 8
By railway nccidonts, in 1800, there were v
killed in tho United States, seventy-four per- p
ioiiH, nndthreo hundred and fifteon wounded '*
?fai?v??ll/Vo* nnmUn i? nm? nwinfiifl 11
^ ~ 'W?. *... >+**J -* .V - ... ?
in t:?o prist otgfif. yoarsi f
The Inauguration of President D ivis.
The Montgomery A<!ncrti? r gives the lol- ,
lowing graphic description of the inaugura- (
tion ot' tlie first President of the Confederate
The proceedings of yesterday will form an
ever memorable epoch in the history of the
Confederate States of America On that day,
r..iv? II....:.. i: ^ /ii ! .' w .
VJI VI1> ?/ will I/ilVl.-Sj U1U IIIM VylllCi ;ua^istrato
of tlicuo Stales, was invested with tlio |
robes of otliec. nil in :iscetidin<r to the hiirh- !
est position in the pit of his countrynicu, in- :
dieatcd in his inaugural address, which we
publish elsewhere, tins line of policy whicl he.i
wili puisne in th.o administration of the Cio- !
Never did Montgomery present such an tip- \
pea ranee sis on yesterday. Although notice ;
that the inauguration would certainly take
place on Monday, h*id v'one forth through
the t tress ordv I.he S'iInriiiiv lii-fm-K f l,r> n.oiu
dwellings and Capitol Mill were lit. rally
thronged with visitors, who had come far and
near from t!iia and neighboring States to wit- J
ness the imposing ceremony of tin; natal ?:ra
of the Confederacy. All ages, sizes, sexes, |
and conditions were out to give variety and :
spice to the occasion. The ladies seemed ti?
be present, in larger numbers than the men in j
honor of their gallant President. The as- j
scmhlage could not have numbered less than j
ten thousand persons, all animated by a com- j
inon desire to maintain the dignity, honor !
and independence of the Confederate States. \
Great (led! what man, or set of men, bow- i
c\ >r powerful, could. stem tin* popular current I
iii tho great States of the cotton belt? Kor j
years the deml bodies of time serving politi- \
oians had dammed up tlio mighty depths of I
Southern patriotism, until at last tho voice of i
the people lias swolen to an irre-sistablo volume,
and borne men and parties before it :?s
drift-wood upon the bosom of tho majestic
Tho procession formed on Montgomery
street, where (Sen. iMvls took his sent in a
magnificent carriage ??f (VI. Tenuant l.oni'iv,
drawn by six beautiful greys. On the same
seat in the carriage Pit Vice-President Ste- |
plicns, and opposite thein were (Vipt. (leorgc. |
Junes, (if Alabama, and K"\\ Bisil Manley, j
of (his city. Then follows! sucoe.-sivt'ly in !
earriii .es, the Oongrc.ssiomd, State ami City
Committees. Tho citizens on foot and the
military escort formed no iaconsidorablo portion
of tin- procession.
As the procession moved up Market street,
amid the roar of cannon, the inspiring strains
of martial music, and. the cheers of the niul- ,
titude, t!ie scone was grand beyond dcscrip- i
The vast crowd had soon (illed the doors,
windows end portico of the Capitol, and
spread over the ground in front, wlmn tlio inanmtratiun
ceremony began, as arranged on
tin; front steps. The President occupied a
seat on the portico, with the Vice-President
seated at his right, and Honorable Howell j
Cobb on his left, (low Moore occupied a seat
on the platform immediately below; where
wore also seated the members of Congress,)
facing the President's stand. 'J1 he eoremo- |
ny was opened with nn impressive prayer,
from the venerable Rev. Dr. Manley. The !
Hon. Howell Cobb, President of the Con J
trrvas, auniinistereu ttio oat!) ot otlioe, ami the
President delivered his inaugural address, in
a calm and forciblo manner-?the immense
concourse now and then manifesting their ap
probation by vociferous applause, as lie would
strike tho key-notes of Southern independence.
'J ho ladies wreathed him with flowers, and
ten thousand hearts beat high with joy, admiration
and hope for the administration of
the now President. No man, not even Gen.
Washington, was ever called to preside over
a peoplo with more general acclamation and
confidence than Gen. Davis. His past services
and spotless private and public character,
are the surest guarantees tluit he jvill not
disappoint the* just expectations of tho county
InSIIOTrnl rtf Pi-neMfMit TVuria
A UIUJ8TA, February 18, 1801.?The
Moujgomery Inaugural ceremonies, to-day, j
wore the grandest pageant, ever witnessed in i
tlio South. An^niinenso crowd gathered on 1
Capitol llill, consisting of tho beauty ami
gallantry of the State. The military and citizens
of the different States were fully ropre- ,
son ted. President Davis commenced his In- (
augural precisely at one o'clock. Ho said : |
Gentlemen of the Congress of the Confed- (
crate States of America?Friends and Kcl- |
low-citizens: Called to the difficult, rospou- ,
sihle station of Chief Kxeoutivo of the I'ro- ,
visional Government which yon have initia- ,
tod, L approach to disohurgo the duties as*
signed mo with humble distrust of my abili- |
ties, but with suitable -confidence in tho wis- T
Join of those who arc to guide and aid mo in t
tho administration of public affairs, and an <.
tbiding faith in the virtue and patriotism of (
the people. Looking forward to the spoedy |
establishment of a permanent Government to <
tiike the place of this, and wliich by it?s great- f
3r moral end physical power, will be better \
?blo to combat with tho many difficulties ,
ivhich may arise .from tho conflicting interests f
if MmrnU nnfinno I imt?? C
-vj a. niwi up ;u win; uuuCi-) ill .
.ho oftico to which I Imvobeen uhosen, with ^
,hu liopo tluit the beginning of our career as ! (
i Confederacy, may not bo obstructed by bos- v
ilo opposition to our onjoym$ut of separate t
sxistcnco, and indopcndoiiuo, which wo liavo v
inserted, nnd, with the blessing of 1'rovilenco,
intend to maintain. g
Our present condition fons bcon achieved f
n a. inaiinor unprocedc 'ted in tho history of
lations, illustrating tho Amorionn idea, that c
Jovernment must rent upon tho consent of w
he governed, and that it in right that people u<
iiouiu aiior or abolish Uovoriniionts whoncv- t.|
r they become dcstructivo of the ends for (|
rhich they were established. The dcolnrcd 0
lurposc of the oomnact of the Union, from (;
rhioh we have withdrawn, was to establish n]
wMien. insure dnmasiio tranquility, provide ,j
:>r common defcnco, promote general wolftivc,1
and secure the blessings of liberty for ourselves
and our posterity; and when, in the
judgment of the sovereign States now composing
this Confederacy, it had been perverted
from the purpose for which it was ordained,
and ceased to answer the ends for which it
was established, and a near.efnl nnnonl ?j> ?.!??
I -I I ?' v"v> I
ballot box declared that so far an they were
concerncd the Government created by that
compact should cease to exist, in this they
merely asserted the right which the Declaration
of Independence of Seventeen Hundred
and Seventy-six (1770) defined to by inalienable.
Of the time and occasion of its exer- 1
cise, they, as sovereigns, were the linal judges j
each t'or itself. The impartial and enli<rht- i
ono'l verdict ?>t" mankind will vindicate tlic
rectitude of our conduct, and IK: wlio knows
the hearts of men, will judjie of the sincerity i
willi which wo labored to preserve the ' !ov- j
eminent of our fathers in its spirit. The '
rijflit solemnly proclaimed at the birth of
State's, and which lias been aflirined and re- j
aftirnied in the hill of rights of States subsequently
admitted into the I nion of 1780,!
undeniably recognize in the people the power |
'<> resume the authority delegated for pur- '
poses of tioveruirteiit. Tims the Sovereign '
States here, represented have proceeded to
t'-irin this (.'onfederacy, and it is by an abuse 1
of lan.mnjjcc that their ai t. iins been deuomi- j
natcd " revolution." They formed no new :
1...1 i. ? - * ' '
..III.HI>,', 17 il l v>iilllll l-llll OIHICIIN VHIVtTIl Ilium. I
has retained tlie villus of the person and j
property which has not been distuihed. Tlie i
agent through whom they communicated
with foreign nations is changed, l?it this does
not necessarily interrupt their international
relations. Sustained by the conciousncss
tint transition from the former Union to the
present Confederacy, did not proceed from
any disregard on our part of such obligations,
or any failure to perforin every Constitutional i
duty, and moved by no interest or passion to j
invade the rights of others, anxious'to cultivate
peace and commerce with all nations, if
we may not hope to avoid war, we may, at
least, exnect that, nosteritv will nprniii. r.f
I I \ ~-| -.w v., v,. (
having noodles-fly engaged in it.
Dlmbly j usstilitsil by the absence of wrong |
on our part, and by winton aggression on the |
part of others, there can be no cause to doubt j
that the courage ami patriotism of the people
of the (.'onfederate Soatos will be found equal j
to any measure of defence which security |
may require of an agricultural people, whose i
chief interest is the export of a commodity
required in every manufacturing countr}* ?
Our true policy is peace, and the freest trade
which our necessities will permit. It is
alike our interest, and that of all those to
?.i, i.i 11 i ? i
iiuwui ivc t> <111111 sen, ;t (111 iroill WII Oil I WO 1
would buy, tint tbcre should bo tho fewest i
practicable restrictions upon the interchange !
of commodities. There can be. but little j
rivalry between ours and other manufacturing
or navigating communities, such as the
States of the American I nion. It must follow,
therefore, that mutual interest should
invite good will and kind feelings. Tf, however,
p assion or lust should cloud tho judgment
or inflame the ambition of those .States,
we must prepare to meet the emergency, and
maintain, by the final arbitrament of the
sword, the position which we have assumed
among the nations of the earth. We have
entered upon a career of independence, and
it must be inflexibly pursued. Through mar>?
..r :?i- i ?- -
it wi wnviuvl'im Willi (Mir lillU ilSSOC
ates, the Northern Status, we have vainly c i- I
deavored to secure tranquility and obtain r? spect
for those rights to which we' were cut
tied. As a necessity, not a choice, wo huvi
resorted to the remedy of separation, and
henceforth, our energies must bo directed to 1
the conduct of our own affairs, and the perpetuity
of the Confederacy which we have 1
formed. If a just perception of mutual in- 1
torcst shall permit us peaceably to pursue our
separate political cireer, my most earnest de- '
sire will have been fulfilled. 1 iut if this be 1
denied us. and tho integrity of our T . rifori- ]
ill jurisdic tion b<> assailed, it will r.t.ast re- |
! _ P .. . --M i* - * 1 - '
iii?i111 lor us, wmi 111*01 resolve, ;?> appeal to
urms and invoke the blessings of I'rovidenee
mi our just cause.
As n consequence of our now condition,
and with a mow to meet anticipated wants, it
will be necessary to provide a speedy mid cfFuient
organization of the branches of the
Kxccutivo Department having special charge
i)f foreign intercourse, timince, military affairs
nid postal service. For purposes of defence, I
Lhe Confederate States may, under ordinary
circumstances, rely mainly ujion tlicir mili- 1
ti.i ; but it is deemed advisable, in (lie present '
.'omlition ot' affairs, that Ibcre should be a :"
ivi ll constructed and disciplined army, more t
minerous than would usually bo required in
i peace establishment. I also suggest that,
or the protection of our harbors and com
nerce on the high seas, a navy adapted to l'
hose objects will be required. These ncces- '
lities have doubtless engaged the attention of I
'ongress. With a Constitution differing on- '
y from that of our fathers in so far as it, is
sxplaiiatory of their well known intent, freed 8
rum sectional conflicts, which have interfered 0
rith the pursuit of the general welfare, it is f
lot unreasonable to expect tlint the Rtates v
rom which wo have so recently parted, may c
tick to tinito their fortunes with ours. Un- (
ler the Government we have instituted for k
his, your Constitution imtkett adequate pro- t
isiou. IJnt beyond thin, if I mistake not *
ho judgment and will of tho people, n re- "
inion is neither practicable nor desirable.
To inerense t!?e power, develop the ro- p
ources nud promote the happiness of a Con- h
n(lor?cy, it is requisite that there should be b
n much of homogenity that the welfare of t<
very portion shall be the nim of the whole; k
here this (loos not exist, antagonisms nre en- i k
ondored, wliieh muHt and should result in il
lio separation of those actuated solely by the
e*irc to preserve our own rights and promote y
nr own wolfaro. The separation of tho n
Ion federate States has been marked by no v
Kgrcasion upon others, and followed by no
o:sor,tii? eoovnHoa. Our isduHt-unl purjita
have roccived no chock. -The cultiva- 0
tiou of our fields has progressed us heretofore;
ami even should we be involved in war,
there would be no considerable dimiuutiou in
the production of tho staples which have con- I
stitutcd our exports, in which the commercial
world has a deep interest, scarcely less
thau our own. This common interest of pro-!
duccr and consumer can only be intercepted ,
by exterior forcc, which should obstruct its I
transmission to foreign markets?a course of
conduct which would be as unjust towards us
as it would be detrimental to manufacturing i
and commercial interests abror.d. Should
reason ?rni<li: the notion of the (iovirmnent
from which wo have separated, a policy so
detrimental to the oivili/.ed world, the Northern
States included, could not he dictated v
even the strongest desire to isilliet injury u]>pn
us; but if otherwise, a terrible responsibility
will rest upon those whoso decide, and
the suffering of millions will bear testimony to
ll. lolly and wickedness of our aggressors.? 1
In tin' meantime, there will remain to us?
besides the ordinary remedies before suggested
?the well known resources for retaliation upon
the commerce of an enemy.
Experience, in public stations of subordinate
grade to this which your kindiuvs had
conferred, has taught me that care, and toil, ,
and disappointment, arc the price of official
elevation. You will see many errors to for- 1
give, many deficiencies to tolerate, but you '
shall not find in mo either want of zeal or ;
fidelity to the cause, that is to me highest in '
hope and of most enduring affection. Your!
generosity has bestowed up >n me an undc- I
served distinction ; one which 1 neither j
sought nor desired. T'non th<> oniit.itnin?nn I
of that sentiment, and upon your wisdom
and patriotism, I rely to direct and support
me in the performance of the duty required ;
at my hands. Wo have changed our constituent.
parts, but the system ofour (iovcrnmcnt,
and the Constitution formed by our fathers. !
is that of these Confederate States. In their
exposition of it, and in judicial constructions
it has received, we have a li^ht which reveals j '
its true meaning. Thus instructed as to just 1
interpretation of the instrument, and even
remembering that all oflices are but trusts
lield for the people, and (lint delegated powers
are to bo. strictly construed, 1 will hope, by 1
due. diligence in il? iinifinw!ii. ? /.?' ... l.. !
y- v.u- [
ties, though I may disappoint your expeeta- j 1
tion, yet to retain, when retiring, something I 1
of the good will and confidence with which 1
you welcome my entrance into oflioo.
It is joyous, in the midst of perilous times,
to look around upon a people uuitod in heart; j
when one purpose of high resolve animates ;
and actuates the whole ; where the sacrifices !
to hr> made are not weighed in the balance J
against honor, right, liberty, and equality.?
Obstacles may retard, but they cannot lung .
v>>v |.i < /1 I IIV UIU VlHIUll I, Mill' IS- j
fiotl by its justice and sustained by a virtuous I
people, Reverently let lis invoke the (<o?l of j
our fathers to guide and protect us in our j |
efforts to perpetuate the principles which, by I
lli? blessings, tln-y were able to vimlic ite, . \
establish and transmit to their posterity, and, ' 1
with the continuance of this favor, e.or i
gratefully acknowledged, we may hopefully !
look forward to success, to peace, and to pros- t
filU'Vr DISTRESS OF TUB ' ETTT.ERS IN : (
Sot-TH WEST BUN K ASSAS. A llosnfifflli fmm ! .
Atchison says that a messenger from Hunter
County, Kansas, 200 miles from there, ar- i
rivoil on the night of the 11th, imploring relief
for tlu' inhabitants. The despatch says: j
"Snow has fallen to the depth of 18 ineli- :
es on a level. The cold is intense, and stool; \ i
,xr ?)i ,1^..:.-*: J-:- ? * ? 1 1
-? .... uv.n ii|iinius in u_y i ng 0:1 Willi rcartUI i (
rapidity. Most of the inhabitants are re- t
Juced to buffalo moat alone, and not a team , i
is able to make the journey through the snow. [
The messenger walked twonty-six miles be- i
fore finding a track after leaving the settle- <
inent, and seventy miles before reaching Em- , \
pnria, where ho took a stage and came on |
here. The mails on the route had not been j (
anicd through for three weeks. Owing t>; ' c
he c.'1'cat depth of the snow nml tl.e m.'oiko .
. old, horses am] cattle are dying along tlio
route, (ioods were abandoned in the middle \
>f tin! prairies. Tim tenuis had died or giv- "
11 out, or the limbs of the drivers had be- r
oiiio frozen, and they had to seek refuge at j
lie nearest se ttlement to nave their lives.--- ;
)ne man will h>: both of his legs, another i
jotli of his hands.
"The Osage Indians had attacked a party <
if the settlers, who were hunting wolvc? for n
heir skins'. The Indians killed two of the r
settlors. One they burned and beheaded;
he other they scalped. f
mis. ni.Ni;<>!,N AND HIS \\ IMSKKntt.?The r
Now York Kvening I'ost chronicles the inter- ?
sting fact that Mr. Lincoln has turned out a t
brmhliiblc pair of whiskers which greath im>rovc
his appearance. Thereupon the Albany
Vrgus lets off the following : ! \
" The devotion of Mr. Lincoln to his peronal
adornment is, at this moment a boon to ;
ivilization ! It is of comparatively little imlortanco
whether States arc dissevered or
rheth^r the people arc rushintr into ruin. The -
ountry docs not want wisdom or courage in | 1
ho Kxccutivo, but beauty ; it ml Lincoln 1 ,
nows it, and ho is up to the crisis ! The ->il j
liat a loss wiso man would have thrown upon
ho troubled waters he re^orves for his nascent s(
What better evidence of fitness for Kmire,
than to grow an imperial? Who knows ^
lit that the pillars of the confederation may
e held together by a Sampson that refit-os
} be shorn '( Why cannot the Union behold ^
i>gefchcr by fiipillflvy attraction, which is ^
ItOUM) ?? 1
?? b K" i" "vi-miuu: gray
:ntion 7" .
" Wo think wo koc Mr. Lincoln dnily studing
bcforo the glans (ho growing beauties of ^
is comely fnc? ! Noro did so, in the intoral?
of fiddling. ,
? 11. n
Conckai, not thy faults, nor. gloss them "
vor, but obliterate them by roncntancc.
Interesting from Washington.
Wo find tin; following *prcial dispatch in
the Richmond Ihujuirer of Tuesday :
Was 111 Nt. I'tiN, February H' ?An x-in.inIter
of Congress from 'i'enne.s.sec, recently from
Boston, reports that it is no seeict among the
Kcpublieans there that the coneentrati of
troops in Washington city is with the view
of co-oper:'ting with those at Fort.- Monroe
and Washington, xoon alter Ijineoiu s inan^u- !
ration, t i seize upon the city of Richmond as j
tiio basis lino ot operations a-iuiii.-l the >v<_vdin<4
liili w: : inlivlueOu li:t' li i' :
tor<lay l>v Mr. Stanton, ft nil <1 1 ' -?l;? \,
which ti'U?ls (o confirm the bei: !' tn the re
port. Any sne'i vttempt shoull be mot at
the threshold by the whole power of \ ivjrinia. i
Ther is more in this thing than appear* on
Tl?? late- corel. session of the .Missachuset
Lejjislatun . and tin* roc'lit tender of troops
to tliii Federal Government, may he con !<! . red
as having an important hejirinj* on this ;> >int. i
The ^reite>t obstaelo in tin- way of initiating
this ma^nifieeut campaign a^aiust tin- .South
is a bankrupt treasury, which 1 ro -ard as :t
providential dispensation jr'st now. Hut tinfanaticism
which engendered the John 1'imwii
raid is relied upon for supplying the sinews
of war hy these (lothsand Vandals.
Heavy hots, it is reported, have been made
here that in le?s than JH) days the Hon. doll'
Davis will ho in the White House, at Wash
injrton, as President of these United States.
Thero are about one thousand and live bun- i
drod volunteers now armed and ni-ditlv tlriiled
O J ~
here. Many other companies arc rapidly
forming for home defence. All the Federal j
troops and volunteers, besides the visiting
military, will celebrate the 221 in.-taut, by a
parade. It will be the grandest military u!. - ,
play overseen hero in moderate time
The New York // r<r/<i. to day, in a dmibloleaded
sensation article, advises Mr. Lincoln
to imitate Washington in his firmness, ami
come out in favor of Mr. Crittenden's ('omnrn
uiise in liis inaugural.
A military friontl from (lie South informs
mo that there is n >1 :i percu>- on cap uia.-h":
South of Mason and l>ix?n's Line, and that
?he entire stock of caps in private hands i,
nearly or quite exhausted. He suggests, j
an important precaution, that Virginia, as \v< "1
us tlie South, immediately purchase u machine !
or procure a foreign supply of caps.
The members of the Virginia delegation to
the l'eacc Convention hope to be able to return
home by Thursday night. The, session
to-day was longer than usual. The purport
has not yet. transpired.
Washin?.ton, February 10. ?Tho For^e
Bill of Mr. Stanton, of Ohio, was taken up in
he llou.-o to-day, using an ouincst debate
nut intense exci' uient.
Another Bill \vas introtlue. il, the distinctly
ivowed object of which is to jilac' within the
iiuwfi aim reaun 01 me i'res;uoi.I mI lit.1 Miliary
furors that can he obtained iYoui 11:c regular
army in sixty days. It is declared I.v its
Friends that tin- purpose of this Bill is w> deFend
the public property, resist tho march of
Southern armies, and subjugate the revolutionists,
nnd at the same tiiue blockade the
ports of the seceding States.
Tn reply to a question, M . Stanton said he
lid not deem it unconstitutional to close the
ports in the matuicr presciibed by the Dill.
.nr. HocoeK, ot \ trgima, styled tins iiill
m open declaration of war, and said if it was
passed, he wanted the people of the South to
prepare for this issue.
Mr. Burnot, of Kentucky, proposed that
llie Democrats'should come to a " dead loek "
ji! House business, and sit continuously until
lie -1th day of March, resorting to Parliamentary
tactics to defeat the Bill.
Mr. Sickles, of N. Y.. said that was unnecessary
as Mr. Lincoln has expressly decl.?i<-d
' there was no cause for alarm" and "noh.ody
Amid ??reat excitement, confusion and deep
eelimr the Bill w.v carried over to !e eonsid,r.
1 ?.? ,.. ... T. . .1 -.1 . !\ 1 > .1
'< n W???mi **mv. 11 i* iui wnerncr it
vill pass the Senate.
The J'resident ha^ yfiven assurance that he
s ill sign no such I'ill.
In the Pence Conference to-day the coninitteo
roport wis discussed. Also, tlio
imposition to establish slavery South of ."><>
50. not inclluliltL' 111)live nr?miis!itii\n>j
lelinito conclusion has been arrived at.
Mr. Hivos, of \ ir^inia, implored them lo
:omc to a : vote on (lie subject to-day. lie
aid ho. believed it would be adopted to-morow.
The Special Committee of Five hud agreed
o vepovt a resolution to the House, censuring
he Secretary of the Navy for accepting the
(.'.situations of Ollieerx of' the Navy from th
pending States, when they were in open lmsilitv
against this Government.
Wakhinoton, February 13.?-Tho notion
f the Congress of tho Confederate States of
Uueriea, at Montgomery. relative to fortifie.i
ions ii> scccding States, does Hot seem to have
iHardcdthe movements of the South Carolina
uthoritios to Fort Sumter.
Letters from that fort received to-night
rom Captain Doubleday, one of tho oftieern in
onunand, report that tho South Carolisiiur.s
avc ercct'jd an impregnable battery o*. Ctttuling's
Point, of railroad iron, and that a terible
fight e:in be made from that point. The
trangth of that position as it has now been
uitle, nn<I standing, as if does, five-eighths oS'
mile from Fort Sumter, will enable the
olitli Carolinians to do great mischief.
The work on vt Moultrie hns also been
uflhed forward riinidly, and its strength i>;
mv such us will Withstand the jrnns on Fort
Qreat preparations wore going on among
10 Carolinians, nnd every day gave them more
[ rtninty of success when the attack on Fort
umtor is made.
The troops in Fort Sunltcr continue in ornrwl
% . i nvv,?
caltn autl nptrita, nitWutfh very much onoyed
by the .South (.hirolinft authorities.
| . *!iifart'lp'?in fiitlf/'iiw