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Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, May 18, 1861, Image 1

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."TO THINGS OWN SELF DE TRUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
BY ROB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
?
NIGHT TUE DAY, THOU CAN'ST NOT TUEN EE FALSE TO ANY MAN:"
PICIONS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, MAY 18, IflGI.
.I
VOL. XII.-NO. 4f.
Angel Music. :'<V
Music *nft nnil swoot ls stealing
Hound lihout us ovorywhere ;
Now ?it riso tin now desceudeth,
Scorns to flout.upon tue air.
Idst its pooling,
Softly pealing,
As it tlonteth on thc nh*.
; 'Tis thc y otoo of nngols singing
Pnuscs 'round His throne on high;
And the music mortals henreth.
As tKo echo from tho sky, *
Wngcl'B music ;
Glorious nntsio.
Km th with echo doth reply,
. May tho earth that echo answer,
'May its millions join that song,
And in glorious anthem swelling,
^ . l?v?vuioro His prnisO prolong.
Clorions nnihem!
. Join tliht nnlhein,
r'nvth with Ilonvcn its notes prolong.
. ^Vhcn this.uiortal life is ended,
V . On that liripht, celestial shore
Moy ,we join tho nngols. singing,
Squiring praises evermore,
', Hinging praises,
.' .. Kn.dlcss praises.
-On that bright, celestial shore.
The War of Subjugation.
LINCOLN'S govoi'tlmont ha? reoslled nil thc
foreign ministers nppointed by BUCHANAN
not ?SF tho Abolition stripe. Before Mr,
FAUMCNKU. left France, he had a conversation
ofTicinl and unofficial, with M. Ttioi;YF.NK?,
the French ' Minister of Foreign Affairs, or
thc 15th April. Mr. FAI;I.KNI;II said to tin
French Minister,- that ho lind been instructed
by Lincoln's government to say that tho Pros
piont was for peace, und anticipated thc resto
ration of harmony and good feeling in tin
Union witli all the States ! That a new min
ister would go out in a few days (lion. W. L
DAYTON, of Now Jersey.) passing fully tin
views and desirca" of the new government nt
Washington, und that no proposition reeogni
zing tho permanent dismemberment of thc
American* Union shall bc considered by tin
French Government until after thc nrrivn
nud reception of tho new Minister nccreditcc
by tho United States to this Court.
" M. Thou vend in reply said that no nppli
cation had ns yet been mado to him by th<
Confederated States in nny form . for the re
cognition of their independence. That thc
Fron oh Covernmont wns not in tho habito
neting hastily upon such questions, ns might
be, seen hy its tardiness in recognizim; th?
now Kingdom of italy. That' he believer
tho maintenance of thc Fedcrra.l Union ii
( its integrity was to bo desired for the. bench
of the people of thc North and Smith, nt
well as for tho interests of France ; and tba
tho Government of tho United States uuv
rest well nssured that no hasty or pr?cipit?t?
notion would ho taken on that subject by tin
Finpcror. But whilst he gave utterance ti
theso views, he was equally bound to say tba
tho practice and usage of tho present century
lind- fully established tho .right of th ftt?tt
Governments to recognition whon n primo]
ease was mude out for thc decision of fyroigi
Powers."
Mr. FAin.KNKn, who is n Virginian, mu
who hud doubtless been deceived by LIN
COLN'S government, ns.sur.ul thc French Min
ister thnt coorcion.iwouhl not bc resorted to.
To this the Minister replied :
" Mi'- Tliouvcnel expressed the opinion tim
tho employment of force would be unwise
and would tend to n further rupture of tin
Confederacy, by causing the remaining South
or*n States t'i make, oom mon causo with th?
States which had already taken action on th?
subject."
Tho following is the instructions of SK
WAHI), tho Secretary of Slate, to Mr. DAY
TON, which aro decidedly warlike :
DKPAUTMKNT OF STATK, ! \
Washington, May 4, 1801. j
To Wm-. Jj. Dayton, kc, kc: . ,
Siil-t-TIm despatches of your predecessor
numbers 118, IP) mid 120; have been re
ceiv?d. - .
. Tho lott?'r acknowledging the receipt o
our lotter of recall'and nbnouhciiig Iiis intend
ed.rotum, requires no spocial notice. Nu ni
hor-lit bears,tho dato pf 5th April last. I
contiiins;only ni) expression of M.r. Fliulk'ner'i
views of tho policy whioh this Ooviirnnicn
ought to purono in rogrtrd to tho dlsturbe?
condition of nffairauit homo, but nt tho sunn
limo gives no information concerning tho'stati
. of our affairs in Frunce. ...
The instructions heretofore ! transmitted t?
you will show you tho' President's, vlows o?
ijio subject Mr..Faulkner has discussed, nm
?thosojwjll be your guide, notwithstanding t?n?J
<liffurqnt opinions your predecessor may hov?
expressed, or loft on rocovd at Paris* No
,XIS) hears dato of tho Gftconth April last, nw
contains a report of nu official conversation
and niso of an unollicial ono, held bctweoi
'?Mr.. FouUjner and M. Thouvonel.
In tho forme? couv?rsation, Mt. Thonvenb
.asked' Mr. Faulkner Whether there is rio
ebme diversity. of opinion iu tho Cnbiiiot o
tho President na to tho proper modo of meet
ing the diflio?lty.wlii?h, now disturbs fehd re.
lations'of tho States ond tho G onornl Grovern
. mont! Mp. faulkner, in- <roply, ?nid that In
had no'information <n the-subject. < Thi
matter is of no great moment, yot it -is, dosi ra
ble that thoro be .no. misapprehensions of tin
.truo state of. tho Govornmont in tho presen
ouiorgonoy.
Yon may; therefore, rooall thnt ooh versa
. tion to Mr. Thouvonol's memory, nud thci.
assure him explicitly thnt.thcro is.no differ
onoo of opinion whatever .botweon tho Presi
dont and. his constitutional advisers, or hmonj
thoso. advisors thcmsolves, concerning'the pol
icy that has boon pursued, and whioh is nov
prosooutcd by tho . Administration in rogan
to tho unluW^ disturhnnooa, .oxistihg in th?
' country. Tho - pnth of jt?xcoutivo duty hm
thu*, fyr boon .too gloriously marked ; out bj
?licor necessities to bo mistaken, while tho
solemnity of thc groat.emergency ?mci thc re
sponsibilities it dovQlopes, 'hiivo extinguished
in tho publio councils every emotion but those
of loyalty and patriotism. It in not in tho
hands of this Administration thut this Gov
ernment is to come,to an end at nil, much less
for want of harmony iii devotion to tho
country.
. Mr. Thouvonol's declaration that the Uni
ted States may rest well assured that no has
ty or precipitate action will bo taken on thc
subject of thc apprehended application of
tho Insurrectionists for a recognition of thc
independence of the so-called Confederate
States is entirely satisfactory, although it Wai
attended by n reservation of views concern
ing tho general principles applicable to cases
that need not now be discussed.
In tho 'Unofficial conversation, Mr. Faulk
ner snys bc himself expressed tho opinion
that force would not be employed to coerce
tho so-called Seceding States into submission
to the Fedora! authorities, and thut tho only
solution to.thc difficulties would be found in
such modifications of tho Constitutional com
pact as would invite thc Seceding States back
into the Union, or a peaconblc ncquiosenco in
the assertion of their claims to a separate
sovereignty.
Thc time when these question*, had any
pertinency or plnusibility has passed away.
Thc United States waited patiently, while
? their authority was defied in turbulent asscin
, blies and in seditious preparations, willing tc
hope that the mediation offered on all side."
'would conciliate afW induce tho disaffected
V parties to return to a better mind, lint tin
'* case is now altogether changed. Tho iusur
gents have instituted revolution with open
j flagrant, deadly war, to compel tho Unitre
States to acquiesce in tho dismemberment e
the Union. Tho United States have accept
ed this civil war ns an inevitable necessity.
The constitutional remedies for all tho coin
plaints of the insurgents aro still Open t<
them, and will remain so. Hut, on the ollie
? hand, tho land and naval forces of thc Uniui
have been put into activity to restore (ho fed
cr.nl authority, and to save the Union fron
danger. You cannot bo too decided or ex
? plicit in making known to thc French Gov
j ern tu mit that lhere is not now, nor lia
there been, nor will thoro bo, the least idoacx
isling in this Government of RU (faring a disso
" lution of this Union to take place, in 11113' WK
whatever. There will bo here only ono na
(ion pud ono Government, and there will b
j, the s imo Republic and the same Constitution
- al Union that have already survived a doxoi
national changes and changes of govcrnnion
. in almost every other country.
Thcso will stand hereafter, as they arc now
j objects of bunnin wonder and human nflbc
tion. -You have seen on the eve of your dc
. part ure the elasticity of tho national spirt
the vigor of the national Govornuicn
\ and thc lavish devotion of thc national {.loy
* orinuont,. and the lavish devotion of then:
tioual treasure to thisgroatcau.se. Tell ?V
. Thouvenel, then, with thc highest consider!
tion and good feeling, that thc thought of
' dissolution of this Union, peaceably or b
force, has never entered into t ho mind of an
I* candid .statesman here, and it is high tim
1 that it be dismissed by thu statesmen in Ki
j ropo..
1 am, respectfully, your obedient servant,
WILLIAM. II. SKYVAND.
BLOCK A Oi:.-Wc subjoin a brief drfin
tion of a blockade from a respectable bullio
t ?ty:
" Blockade is the interception by one he
V ligorcnt of a communication with a placeo
. copied by another. National sovereign)
3 confer tho right of duel.iring war, ami tl
i right which nations, of war have of destro
ing br capturing each other's subjects 1
- goods, imposing upon neutral nations thc o
ligations not t.? interfere with the exercise <
this right within the rules and limits pr
scribed by thc law of nations,
In order to render the communication wit
u placo unlawful to ti neutral, a blyckadir
or besieging force must bc actually presen
' investing it, and sufficiently powerful to re
der a communication with it dangerous to
p (hcUtral* and expose him to seizure hy tl
blockading or besieging force. A deelnr
tion of siege or blockade is ?n act of nov
t reignty, but docs not require, in all cases,
direct declaration by the sovereign iib thor J
? of the besieging belligerent ; fur its office
j .iiiay.be invested, eitlior expressly or ly ii
3 plication, with nuthority to instituto su
siego* or'blockade, It must, however, in <
dor to bo lawful and obligatory on neutra
. bo 'declared, or ean?tioned, cjther express!
j br b'y implication, by tho Sovereign po\yer.
j It must also bo declared or mada, public,
, that neutrals may have .notice of it. If
J blockade fs instituted by n sufficient autho
ty, and mniutujhicd .by a sufficient force;
j neutral is so far affected by it, that, if lie 1
tempts to. trade' with tho pl?co investi:
! either.hy carrying goods tb it or brirfgi
them away, tho property sb attempted to
j curried to, or" from, the place, is liable to
1 soizetl by thc investing party, and in cuso
e being scizod, is forfeited.
ClIANOKS OF llKINO KlLLK? Iti \V.\U.
. Marshal Sase, a high authority in snell thin;
i Was in tho habit of Saying- that to kill a in
9 in battle, tho man's weight in lend must bo <
0 pended. A Fronoh medical mid surgical j
. aotto, published ut Lyons, Says tins fact t
0 vori fled at Solforiho, even in tho recent gr
1 itnprovomont in-Aro - firms. Tho Austri.
firod '8,400,00ft rounds. Tho loss of 1
> iVonch and Italians was 2,000 killed pud 1
1 000 wounded. Each mnri hit cost 7
. rounds. Tho>n\cnn weight of ball is i
- ounce j thus, wd find that it required, on
? rivbrnge, 272 pounds of- lend tb kill a man.
. If any ono bf our friends should get Int
' military fight, thoy should fool great colnf
. iii (Hb foot that 700 shots may bo firod
? 'Hiern before -they aro tyt, abd 4,200 bof
? the* ? ahum> off tho mortal ooil."
BOMBARDMENT OF FORT SUMTER.
Official Report of Qou. Beauregard.
il UADQU AltTKHS PlKfVlSIONAJj Au.MV,
Charleston, 8. 0., April 27, ISO I.
Uni/. Gell. Coojar, Adjt. General C.&.A.:
i Sir: 1 have the honor to submit, tho fol
lowing de til lied report of tim bombardment
and surrender-of Kort Sumter, and tho inci
dents connected therewith. Having qom plo
ted my channel defences' and butteries in tho
harbor, necessary foi" the reduction of Fort
Sumter, I despatched two of my Aids nt 2.20
I 1?. M., on Thursday thc I Ith of April, with
! a communication to Major Anderson, in coin
: inand of the fortification, demanding its ?vac
uation. I offered to transport himself arid
command to any port in tho United States hr
might select, to allow him to move out of thc
fort with company arms and property, and al
j private property, and lo salute bis Hug on low
: ering it. He refused to accede td the demand
I As my aids were about leaving, Major Auder
j Bon remarked, ?.hat if wc did not batter him t<
I pieces lie would be starved out in a low days
j or words to that effect.
j This hoing reported to me by ni)' Aids, oi
j their return with his refusal nt 6.10 1*. M., !
deemed it propel' to telegraph the purport o
his remark to the Secretary of War. I rc
ceivedby telegraph the following instruction
at 9.10 1*. M. : " Do not desire needlessly t<
bombard Fort Suinter. If Major Andcrsoi
will state the timo nt which, as indicated b
him, bo will evacuate, and agree that in th
meantime he will not use his guns against Uf
Unless ours should bc employed against Foi
Sumter, you are authorized thus to avoid th
effusion of blood. If this or its equivalent b
refused, reduce the fort as your judgenieii
decide to be most practicable." At ll I
M., I sent 1113' Aids with a communication t
Major Anderson, based upon thc foregoin
instructions. Jt was placed in his hands ?
12.45 A. M., 12th inst, lie expressed li
willingness to evacuate the fort on Monda
afternoon, if provided with the necessai
means of transportation, and if he should ill
receive contradictory instructions from li
Government or additional supplies. Rut 1
declined to agree not to open his guilt) upc
us in tho event of i\ny hostile demonstratio
on our part aga inst hin Jlar/. This repl
which was opened and shown to my Ai 1
plainly indicated that if instructions' slum!
be received contrary to his purpose to ?vacu?t
or if he should receive his supplies, or if tl
Confederate troops .should fire on hostile fcroO|
of the United States, or upon transports bea
ing tho United States (lag, containing nie
munitions-, and supplies, designed for hosti
operations against us, he would still feel hil
self bound to fire upon us and to hold posse
sion of the fort. As, in consequence of
communication from the President of ll
United States to the Governor of South Car
lint?, we wore, in momentary expectation of 1
attempt to reinforce Kort Sumter, or of a d
scent upon our coast, to that end, from tl
United States fleet-then lying ofT the c
trance of the harbor-it was manifestly ?
apparent necessity to reduce the fort as spec
ily as possible'; ?ind not to wait until the sin
and tho fort should unite Hi 11 com bi ned ?
tack upon us. Accordingly my Aids, carr
ing out my instructions, promptly refused
accede'to the terms proposed hy MnjorAodt
son, ami notified him in writing that our b:
tories would open upon Kort. Sumter in 0
hour. This notification was given nt8.20 ,
M. of Friday, tho 12th. instant. Thc nip
shell was fired from Kort Johnson at ?1,80
M. Al ?|>pijdj 5 o'e.hjok tho llro.fvo.m our hi
teri-..-- boca inc g ma il. Kori Sumter did 11
open (ire until 7 o'o!ocl?;j wlu-n il t^oiiiipoiic
j with a vigorous lire lipon thc CJnuiinjiij
l'oint trqft flaflery. Thdbnouiy II?JJI due
od his fir.; upon the Ktifilad? R?ttery, on S
livan's 1 shuni. constructed to sweep the pm
pei of Kort Sumter-, to prevent <ho Working
the barbette gnus, and to dismount them.
This was also tho aim of tho Floating Datte
the Puhlgrobn Ra fiery, and the gun batter
at Cummings' Fol 11 ti Thc enemy next open
fire on Kort Moultrie, between which 11
Fort Sumter a steady and almost constant f
was kept up throughout the day. These tin
points, Kort. Moultrie, Cummings' l'oint, a
tho end of Sullivan's Island, where tho Kio
ing Pottery, Dahlgreoii Pattery, and tho I
filado Pattery were placed, were the points
which the -enemy seemed almost to conf
his attention, although he fired a number
shots itt'Captain Putters Mortar Pattery, 1
rioted to tho east of Fort Moultrie, and a f
nt . Capt. James' Mortar Batteries, at F
Johnson. During the dny (12th inst.) 1
fire of my batteries was kop* up m'?st spirit
ly, tho guns and morfnrs being worked in
coolest miinnor, preserving the prescribed
tervals of firing. Towards evening it been
evident that our fire was very effective, ns
eponiv was driven from his barbette gu
'which ho nf tempted tb work in thc merni
mid his fire was confined to his caseins
guns, but in a less active manner than in
morning, mid it was observed that severn
his guns en barbette were disabled.
During tho whole bf Friday night our 11
tor batteries continued to throw shells, but
obedmneo to orders, nt longer intcrvnls.
night wns rainy nod dark, and ns \t was Co
dently expected flint the.United Stntcs f
worild attempt to land troops upon the isbn
or to throw nien into Fort 'Sumter by me
of boat?, thft greatest vigilanoo was obsor
nt nil ntir olmunol batteries, tfrid by our tre
oh both Mbrrls' and Sullivnn's Islands. 1
ly on Saturday morning nil our batteries
opened Upon Fort Sumter,' whioh resptiii
vigorously fora timo, directing ita fire spec
ly against Fort Moultrie About 8 b oh
A. M., smoke was seen issuing from tho q
tors of Fort Suintor; upon this tho fire of
batteries Wns iderensed, bs a matter bf 0011
for tho purpose of bringing tho onom
terms QB speedily ns posaiblo, inasmuch ns
flag was Still flout iou; ubiisuily ubov? bib
Fort Sumter continued to fire from tim
:timo, but ot long and irregular intervals, h
the douse smoko, Hying shot bud burs
?hell?. Our brave troops, carried away by
their naturally generous impulses, mounted
tho dj fib rot lt batteries, and at avery discharge .
from the fort cheered tho garrison for its pluck
abd gallantry, and hooted the licet lying inac
tive just outside the bar. About 1 .'JO P. M., ,
it being reported tp nie that the Hag was down, !
(it afterwards appeared that the flag-staff had
been shot away,) and tho conflagration, from
the large volume of smoke, being apparently j
on the increase, I sent three of my Aids with
a message t<> Major Anderson, to tho effect i
tba theeing his Hag no longer flying, lils, qttar- j
tors/ii Haines, and sup positif* lum'to 675 In dis
tress, I desired to oller him any assistance he
might stand in need of. ?afore my Aids
reached the fort tho Uti i tod ?States flag was
displayed on the parapets, but remained there j
only a short time, when it was hauled down,
and. a white flag substituted in its plago.
I When the United States flag first disappeared,
J thc firing from our batteries almost entirely
j ceased, but re-opened with increased vigor
j when it reappeared on thc parapet, and was
: continued until the white flag was nosed, when
i it ceased entirely. Upon tho arrival of my
j Aids at Port Sumter, they delivered their
j message to Major Anderson, who replied that
he thanked tue for my oller, but desired no
assistance. Just previous to their arrival,
Colonel Wigfnll, one of my Aids, who had
been detached for special duty on Morris'
Island, had, by order of Brigadier-G ob?rai
Simons, crossed over to Port Sumter from
Cummings' Point in an open boat, with Pri
vato William Gourdin Young, amidst a heavy
fire of shot and shell, for the purpose of ascer
taining from Major Anderson whether his in
tention was to surrender, his Hag being down
and his quarters in flumes. On reaching the
fort, tho Colonel had an interview with Major
Anderson, tho result of which was, that Major
Anderson understood him as offering the sanie
conditions on tho part of General Beauregard
as had been tendered him on the 11th inst...
while Colonel Wigfall's impression was that
Major Anderson unconditionally siirrondcrol,
trusting to thc generosity of General Beaure
gard to oller such terms ?ts would bo honora- j
hie ami acceptable to both parties; meanwhile,
before these circumstances were reported to
mo, ?md in fact soon after the Aids I had dis
patched with the offer of assistance had set
out on their mission, hearing thal a white flag
was Hying over the fort. 1 sent Major Jones,
the child'of my staff, nilli some other Aids,
with substantially tin; same propositions 1 had
submitted to Major Anderson on tho 11th
instant, with the except iou of the privilege of
saluting his Hag. The Major (Anderson) re
plied it would be exceedingly gratifying to
him, as well us lo his command, to be permit
ted to salute tljeif flag, having so gallantly de
fended the fort, under such trying circum
stances, and Imped that General Beauregard
would not refuse it, as such a privilege was
not unusual." Hu further said, " ho would
uni urge the point, hut would prefer to refer
the matter again to General Peauregard."
The point was, therefore, loft open until.tho
matter was submitted to mc. Previous to the
return of Major .Iones, I sent a fire engine,
under Mr. M. II. Nathan, Chief of ?he Fire
Department, and Surgeon General Gibbes, of
Smith Carolina, with several of my Aids, to
offer further assistance to the garrison ol Fort
Sumter, which was declined, I very cheer
fully agreed to allow thc salute, as un honora
ble testimony to tho gallantry ?ml fortitude
with which Major Anderson ami his command
had defended their post, and 1 informed Ma
jor Anderson of my'decision about hull -past
seven o'clock, through Major Jones, my chief
of stall'. The arrangements being completed1,
Major Anderson embarked with bis cop) mu nd
on the transport prepared to convey him to
the United States fleet, still lying outsido the
! har, and our troops ii#lnodiately garrisoned
I ti e fort, and before sunset the flag of the
j Con fedora to States floated over lite ramparts j
j of Sumter.
I commend in tho highest (erins tho gnl- |
I lantry of every one under my command, and
j it is with diffidence! that I will mention any
j corps or names, for fear of dot lia injustice to
(lioso not mentioned, for where ?ill have done
their duty well, it is difficult to discriminate.
Although the troops out of the batteries bear
ing on Kort Sumter, were not so fortunate ns
their comrades working tho guns and mortars,
still their services were equally us valuable
and as cornniemlible, for they wore em their
arms at the Channel Batteries, and at their
posts and bivouacs, and exposed (o seveve
weather, and constant watchfulness, expecting
every moment, and ready to repel, reinforce
ments'from thc powerful fleet off the bar ; and
to nil the troops under my command I award
much praise for their gallantry?and (ho cheer
fulness wi(Ji which they met tho duties re
quired of thom. I feel much inelebleel to
Generals lt. G. M. Punovant and James Si
mons, and their stall's, especially Majors Kvuns
and DeSaus^ure, S. C. A., commanding on
Sullivan's and Morris' Islands, for their valu
able and gallant services, and tho discretion
(hoy displayed in executing tho duties de
volving on their responsible positions. Of
Lieut. Col. ll. S. Ripley, 1st Artillery Bat
talion, Comimtndnntof Batteries on Sullivan's
Island. 1 cannot speak too highly, and join
with GenQra) Dunovanf, his immediate com
mander since January last, in commending in
tlie highest terms his sagacity, experience
and unflagging '/.eal. T would also mention
in the highest terms of praise Captains Cal
houn and llatiloquist, Assistant Commandants
of Batteries to Colonel It j ploy, and tho follow
ing Commanders of lhitt.;ries on Sullivan's
Island : Captain J. p. Ip milton, Command
ing tho Floating Battery and O?hlgreon Gun ;
Capts. Butler, C. S. A., and Bruns, Aid de
Caihp to General Punovant, and Lieutenants
Wagner, Rhett, Yates, Valentino and Parker.
To Lieut. Col. W. G. DoSaussuro, Second
Artillecy Battalion, Commandant of Battorlos
on Morrjs' Islam!, too nmoh praise cannot bc
given. Ito displayed tho most untiring ener
gy, and his judicious arrangements, arid tho
good management of his Itnttor?os, contribu
ted mu?h to tho reduction of Fort Sumter.
To Major Slovens of thc Citadel Academy,
in charge of thc Cummings* Point halterios,
1 fool much indebted for his valuable and sci
entific assistance, and tho efficient working of
thc batteries under bis immediate charge.. Tho
Cummings' Point batteries (iron-42 pound
ers and mortars-were manned by tho Palmct
to Guard, Captain Cuthbert, and 1 take pleas
ure in expressing my admiration of theservieo
of thc gallant captain and his distinguished
company during thc notion. I would also
mention in terms of praise tho following com
?an miers of batteries nt thc Point, viz : Lieu
I tenants Armstrong, of tho Citadel Academy,
1 and Brownfield, of the Palmetto Guard j also,
Captain Thomas, of tho Citadel Academy,
' who had charge of thc rifle cannon, and had
t tho honor of using this Valuable weapon-a
! gift of one of South Cnrolinn's distant sons to
his nativo State-with peculiar effect. Capt.
J. G. King, with his company, thc Marion
Artillery, commanded the Mortar battery in
rear of thc Cummings' Point batteries, and
thc accuracy of his shell practice was the
ttiemo of general admiration. Capt. George
S. James, commanding nt Fort Johnson, had
tho hpuor of firing the first shell at Fort Sum
ter, and his conduct, and those under him,
was commendable during thc action. Capt.
Martin, S. C. A., commanded the Mount
Pleasant mortar battery, nod with his assist
ants did good service. For n more detailed
account of the gallantry of officers and men,
and of thc various incidents of thc attack on
Sumter, I would respectfully invite your at
tention to thc copies of the reports of the
different officers under my command, here
with enclosed. I cannot close my report with
out reference to tho following gentlemen : To
his Excellency Governor Picketts and staff
especially Cols. Lnmnr nnd Dearing, who were
so active and efficient in the construction of
thc Channel batteries; Cols. Lucas and Moore,
for assistance on various occasions; and Col.
Duryea and Mr. Nathan-chief of the fire de
partment-for their gallant assistance in put
ting ont tho fire nt Fort Sumter, when the
magazine of the latter was in imminent danger
of explosion. General Jamison, Secretary of
War, and General S. ll. Gist, Adjutant-Gen
eral, for their valuable assistance in obtaining
and despatching the troops for thc attack on
Sumter and the defence of the batteries.
Quartermaster's and Comm issu ry-Gcncral's
Department-Col. Hutch nnd Col. Walker,
I and tho Ordnance Board, especially Colonel
Manignult, Chief of Ordnance, whose zeal and
activity were untiring. The Medical Depart
ment, whose preparations bad been judiciously
and amply made, but which a kind Providence
rendered unnecessary. Tho Engineers-Ma
jors Whiting nnd Gwynu, Captains Trapier
nnd Leo, nnd Lieutenants McCrady, Earle
and Gregorie, on whom too much praise can
not bc bestowed for their untiring zeal, ener
gy and gallantry, and to whose labors is great
ly due tho unprecedented example of tithing
such an important work, after thirty-tltrco
hours' bring, without having to report thc loss
of n single life, nnd but four slightly wounded.
From Maj. W. H. C. Whiting I derived nlso
much assistance, not only ns un engineer in
selecting the sites nnd laying out the Channel
Batteries on Morris' Island, but ns'nc ti og As
sistant-Adjutant and Inspector General, in
arranging nnd stationing thc troops on said
' Island, /rite Naval Department, especially
i Capt. ilartstoine, one of my volunteer Aids,
who was perfectly indefatigable iii 'guarding
thc on tra nco into tho harbor, ami in transmit*
tin.c my orders.
Lieut. T. Bi Huger was also of much ser
vice, first ns inspecting ordnance officer of
I batteries, then in charge of the batteries of
I the south end of Morris' Island. Lieutenant
I Warley, who commanded the Dahlgroen Qhitn
I ucl Battery, also tho school ship, which was
I kindly offered by the Board of Directors, and
j was of .mich service. Lieut, ll ut ledge was
acting inspectai gonc'ral pT ordnance pf all tho
batteries, in which capacity, assisted by Lieut,
I Williams, C. S. A., on Morris' Island, bc was
of much service in organizing nnd distributing
the ammunition. Captains Childs and Jones,
assistant commandants ol' batteries to Licutcn
I ant-Colonel DeSaUssUrC ; Captains Wander
and Allston, acting assistant Adjutant and
Inspector-Generals to Gen. Simons' brigade ;
Captain Manignult, of my staff, attached to
General Simons' stall', did efficient nnd gallant
services on Morris' Tsland during the fight.
Professor Lewi* H. Gibbes, of tho Charleston
College, and his nids, for their valuable ser
vices in .operating thc Drummond Lights es
tablished nt th? extension of Sullivan's and
Morris' Islands, The vencrablo and gallant
.Edmund'Kulin., of Virginia, was at thc Iron
Battery, and firo.l many guns, undergoing ev
I cry fatigue nnd sharing tho hardships nt thc
j battery with tho youngest of the Palntettoes.
? To. my regular staff, Major D- B- Jones>C.
S. A., Captains Lee nnd Ferguson, S. C. A.,
mid Lieutenant L?'gnro, S. (3. A., .nd volun
teer staff, Messrs. Chisohn, Wigiall, Chcsnut
Manning, Miles, Gonzales ntid Piyor, I nm
much indebted for their indefatigable nnd
valuable assistance, night and day, during thc
nttack on Sumter, transmitting in open bonts
I my'orders when culled upon, with nlncrit}
j and 'cheerfulness', to tho "diff?rent batteries
nmidst falling balls nnd bursting Shells, Capt
Wigfall being tho first in Sumter to receive
its surrender. 1
I Hui) sir, vory respectfully, your obodiehl
setvunt, G. T. BI;AUHK?AUI>,
Brigndier-Gcnornl .Commanding.
SoL'THKitN TIIADK.-The Petersburg FJX
press of Wednesday, says : As an ihstnnci
of -tho o?feot8 of secession Upon tho rolntiv<
conditions, nnd especially "upon the manufac
turing .department*, of tho two sections of ow
country, wo will mention tho foot, that Mr
Gcorgo II. Davis, ono of our most ontorpri
sing mere' ants, recoived front Charleston yes
torday, packr.gcs of dry goods to thc nmoun
of $8000, tho material and ninnufaoturo o
which wero entirely consummated, in th
South. Wo only need to bo thrown upoi
,0ur resources, lo_ dovclopo thom to au nbuti
dont extent. Tho experiment is now to h
tried, and there is uo doubtHHKmt its BUOOOSS.1
Telegraphic News from all <lu'uVtor3.
TKKNTON, (via Montgomery,) May ?.--.
Tho war bill passed by tho New Jorsey Leg
islature calls fur $1,000,000. i
DKTUOIT, May 9.-The Governor rccom-. .
mends to tho Legislature to order a loan of
81,000,000.
NKW YORK, -May 0.-A fully armed
schooner was captured oil' the mouth of tho'
Chesapeake, with two tneu-thc rest ha, inp;
escaped.
lil CH MOND. May 9.-The authorities aro
evidently well posted os to Scott's plans.
Fifteen hundred troops arrived nt Percyville '
from Philadelphia last night. Con. l?aniey *
Jias been ordered back to St. Louis. Tho
passenger truins between Philadelphia alni
Baltimore havo resumed their trips*:
MONTGOMERY, May 9.-Nothing was
done in the public session of Congress to-day.
In secret sessiou an act was passed to'raiso
additional forces to serve during tho war, and
author] 'ng thc President to accept thc ser
vices of volunteers without regard to tho
1 place of enlistment. Another act made pub
lic authorizes thc Postmaster Gcnoralto issuo
a proclamation any day he may choose to des
ignate, taking entire chargo of tho postal af
fairs of tho Confederate States.
Mumu:, May 8.-Thc transports-.'Kick
Keys un?i Henry Lewis left here.yesterday,
laden with provisions for Pensacola, nrrivotP1
off thc bar at &p. m., but wero stopped and
boarded by thc Powhatan. Their/ papors
and cargoes were examined by Com. Porter,
who granted them permission to proceed to
Pensacola, remarking that he thought Gen.
Bragg wished to use thc boats for eouvcying
troops to Santa .llosa Island, end that they
would be badly whipped after Bragg got
them there. While thc Keys and Lewis
were sounding and getting under way, tho'
Brooklyn came up, and ordered them to fol
low her to the Sabine. Through sotnc inis
I understanding the Keys had got under way
for thc bar. The Powhatan and Brooklyn
I both fired across her bows. Sho rounded to.
? Boat's crews of armed men wero put aboard
of her, and they were compelled to lay to uu
der the guns of thc Sabine till this morning;
when Lieut. Brown endorsed on their papers
a warning not to attempt nu entrance of tho
harbor, or he would send them North as pris
oners of war, and have thc boats sold un
prizes. Tho Powhatan followed thc Keys
and Lewis on their return homo, till they
had passed Perdido river. They arrived
here iu safety this morning. ' .
MONTGOMERY, May 8.-Congress sits
mostly i secret session. It is understood
they are engaged in perfecting arrangements
for a vigorous and successful prosecution of
thc war, by placing tho Confederacy in tho
best possible condition of defcuce. It is al
so understood, contrary to what was supposed,
that the Confederacy has control of sufficient
arms, ordnnnco and ammunition of every
description, to put into the field ono hundred
and fifty thousand mon for a year's campaign.
"WASHINGTON, May 8.-A Louriana reg
iment arrived at Richmond on Monday.
1,400 strong. Tennessee and Alabama
troops and batteries reached lynchburg.
NORFOLK, May 8.-There are four ths..
Snnd troops now concentrated here, including
two Georgia companies. The authorities are
fortifying Norfolk and Hatter's Inlet.
F HANK rom', May 8.-Governor Magoffin,
in his message to the Kentucky Legislature,
denounces Lincoln's movements, and inclines
strongly towards thc South ? but refers tho
whole subject to the people. He recom
mends a State Convention, , .
WASHINGTON, May 8.-Maj. And.cr.son, ,
for tho present, has consented to take* ooiu
mnnd of a Union brigade from Kentucky.
BALTIMORE. May 8.-Several riotous per
sons wero arrested for attaoking-some of tho
Massachusetts troops. Thc Maryland Legis
lature has done not hing.
NKW YORK, May 8.-The Liverpool
steamer Asia sailed to day, taking out $4,800
iu specie. . .
B?STO.N., May 8.-Thc steam frigate Min
ncsota sailed to-day under sealed or?lof?.
PHILAOF.LI'HIA, May 9.-Virginia troops
aro reported to be concentrating in f?rco at
Ilr.rpe'r's Ferry.
WASHINGTON, Moy 9.-The 'Government
feels no apprehension of nu attack* on Cairo.
Gen. Lee says tho Virginians shall not cross
the Stato line unless attacked.
MONTGOMERY, May 9.-Reliable informa
tion has reached ofiioiul circles hero that elev
en States will ho in tho Southern Confedera
cy carly in June. Hon. T. L. Clingmnn, of
North Carolina, is here. Favorable advices
have been received from Kontuoky aud-Mie
souri. ' - . * ?. - j ri
Mr. Russell, traveling correspondent of tho
TiOndon Times, loft Montgomery last night,
fully confirmed in tho belief of thc 'perma
nency and military resources' of tho Confed
erate States. Tho vote in tho Arkansas Con
vention on tho ordinnnoo of -secession wan
69 to 1.
ALEXANDRIA, May O.-v-Thdrc is bo nows
of importance hero or in Washington', to-day.
Mr. Si mont?n, of thc N?w York Times, was
accidentally shot yesterday in Washington,
and a policeman shot a soldior there also;
and to day a mombo** cf thc 7th rcgimontwfiis
accidentally shot.
The bridges on tho Northern Central Rail
road .wiil bo finished to day. The court,ItOUab
nt Frederick; Maryland, was barned yesterday.
OiiAMnKRSiumu, Jtfny 10.--tt is reporter!
that tho Virginians aro fortifying tho' heights ,
on thc Maryland sideof tho Potomac. About
six thousand Confederate troops aro there.
WASHINGTON, May 10.-Judge ScarbbK
ough, of tho Court of Clainm has resigned.
VKROYVILLE, May 10.-Tho graduating
class of West Point Cadets b?P arrived Hope,
to drill tho Lincoln, forces.
NEW YORK, May lO.-Tho Quaker City li
blockading Cape Honry, It la reported $.$t
tho Virginians aro fitting tho Blcfnncvur
Yorktown and Jamestown 'to jun tho f?ftfca
river blookado. ' Tho sccerision Wg" fa tittil fy*
ing ?t ITaiupton Roads.

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