OCR Interpretation


Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, June 08, 1861, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026912/1861-06-08/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

: ? . ? m
o"....'.??9 g<lAUJX>jai'UJl.!l".iLl!i.JJ JtJJ i'-?JLUaLIL^U'<i.L'..--J.?A:'...LM '.".'".'gj. '-J... J.ll..'_-J. ? J ..i'J?. t. .!. .'"?-"?Ji....'..L" ' J.H. i._.I '.L Sj ? / ....y j... . < " ?, .i' J_ . " .!.?'f.!l?.J.Jl/...1
"TO OWN SBLF DE Tll?E, AND IT MUST IX^IOW, AS THE ^ NI O HT THE DAY, THOU CAN'ST NOT THEf? ?)E FAT.?? TO AS? MAS.''1
BY KO?'T. A. THOMPSON & CO. PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JUNE 8, 1801. VOL. XII_NO. t?
Hake Your Mark.
1IY llAVID UAUKKH.
i ?n I lie quarries should you toil,
^ . Mako your mark,
v t)o you delve upon tho soll,
v Mnk? your mark.
tn whatcvor path you go,
In whafovor place you Bland,
Moving e\T?ft or moving slow,
With a firm and honest limul,
Mako your mark.
Should opponontH hodge your way,
Mnko your mark.
Work by night or work by day,
Mnkc your mark.
Strugglo manfully and well,
Let no obstacles oppose ;
Kuno, right-shielded, over foll
Hy tho weapons of Iii? foes
Make your marl..
What though born a ponsnut's son,
Make your mark.
Good by poor moo can bo dono,
Make your mark.
Peasant's garbs may warm Ibo cold,
Ponsa'it'H words may calm a fear;
Hotter iar tlmn hoarding gold
Is thc drying of a lear
Mako your mark.
Life is fleeting ns a Blindo,
Make your mark.
Marks of some kind must bo made,
Mako your mark.
Mnko il while tho atm is Btrong,
In thc golden horns of youth; '
Nover, ncror make it wrong,
Mnko lt with tho stamp of truth
Make your mark.
miL'-iLL."." ? 1 5 ????.!.'"I'li'lJ.1_"J .U '-(."I ..' L'.LJg
oo^iMiagwflOArfl om._
FOR T11K COUUlbll.
r resident Dav io' if reclamation.
'Mr. Kditov : In your (hurter of thc 1st,
thcro is a " Proclamation1' of our excellent
President, DAVIS, which is most certainly
written in n spirit to bc esteemed by nil the
christiana-nny, by nil good citizens. We
hopo nnd trust that it will be "known nnd
rend of ntl mat," not only nt thc South, but
by our enemies nt tho North, nnd in Europe.
Tho pluin; straight-forward language, nnd the
humble, unassuming spirit-tho trust in God,
thc. reliance entirely on His grace and power,
and thc freedom from realic?, revengo, and
bloodthirstiness-(a speedy, just nnd honora
ble peace being simply thc end in view)-tho
recommendation to humble ourselves boforo
God, ?s n pooplc--nil this is eminently calcu
lated to do great good to our cause every
where. And wo do most,sincerely hope that
M tho 18th dny of Juno next " will bc most
strictly and devoutly observed by nil of every
degree-high nnd low, rich nnd poor-even
by tba bond ns well ns the free ; for nro they
not alpo concorucd io our present perilous
condition ? And wc all havo this promise to
encourage us in so doing : u In all thy ways
acknowledge him, and he shall, direct thy
jwf/nt Proverbs, Chnptcr 8, verso 8 ; be
sides many, ninny others in tho Holy Scrip
tures. At nil timos and seasons, and in nil
ages of tho world, our God, cvon tho grcnt
" lam," lins always ordered nil things, M ac
cording to tho counsel of His own will," and
nlso has over boon, and is now thc hearer of
prayer. While HG certainly knows want wo
need be/ore wo ask Him, yet He requires of
. ns to make tho request. " Thus saith thc
Lord God, I will yet for this bc enquired oj
by tho house of Israel to do it for them; - I
will increase them with men like a flock :"
Ezekiel, chopt. 30, verse 87. And how many
examples have wc in Sacred History of victo
ry hoing given to a people by God iii answer
to prayer ? Evon in cases like thnt mentioned
in tho 20th Chnptcr of Judges, whore God's
nid was sought three times, nnd yet bc allowed
Hispeoplo to bc defeated twice successively-.
(for their past sins)-yet He gove them tho
. victory in tho end. In thc same wny it may
he possible that God for our past sins mny
allow' us to bo overcome nod humbled for n
whilo ; yet, most assuredly, if wo repent of
our sins, humbling ourselves a? a people bo
foro Him, He will turn unto us, and givo us
His Almighty aid in tho end. And "if God
be for us, who can be against us ?" Let us,
then, one and oil, obey our Prosidont, remem
bering thut
" Prayer makes thc darkened oloud withdraw,
Prayer olimha tho loddor Jacob saw,
Gives exercise to faith and lovo,
tirings every blessing from above."
HENRIETTA.
THE LAST BOAT.-T-TJIO Nashville, Gazette
.of Friday last snys :
Tho Gcnoral Anderson arrived boro yester
day from St. Louis-tho'Inst arrival wo sholl
liuvo to an non nco from thnt city until 'he
cloaoof tho war. The General Anderson'had
not a pound of freight, nothing being allowed
tte pass Cairo. Her cabin was woll ulled with
passengers^-/Tennessee women and children
fleeing from tho Hossians. Among them wo
noticed tho families of P. M. ItUhynn, Samuel
- Kirlodan, ond C. Fi Vohdoford. Several re
signed officers of tho old United States Army,
und released Camp Jackson prisoners woro
?Iso* on board seeking'positions in the South
ern army. Tho Gorjerol Anderson waa-fifed
fOt?.nt tno Arsenal below St. bonis, compelled
to'il II nd, bo examined, and hoist her colors.
Ifaving no "stars nnd stripos" on board nor
Bowthorn flog, that tho Hessians could find.
?ho w is allowed to raise tho boat's colors, and
. abo wont into tho Dutch of ty of St. Louis,
' with tho nanto of our own gallant soldier, ?ori.
8. Iv Anderson, t?yipg in ptyud d?fiance from
PAUM*81* OP NORTHERN TRADE.-For
' Kibvi??s wasons tho Poston Commeivia? J?xU
Id.in has ?cased publishing tho Jlst-of fai Wos.
.A,writer commenting t)n this says :
"I aor afraid that tho views of tho aboli
( tiopriat, Wohdoll Phillips, as pvt fortl \ Ina
'' speech at Now Bedford, about tho timo of tho
bopibardmont of Fort Su m tor, aro about to
beroaliKod. "What will bo tho, result bf
this war?" said ho. " Now York dom morco
WW bo palo with :bankruptt?y> ?ho affright-1
.seaboard ^11 soo grasa growing in its j
Arrival- of President Davis in II i dimond.
President Davis, accompanied by Hon. li.
T. WigfnIJ, Col. Joseph ft; Davis, nnd Col.
Northrop, arrived by tho Petersburg railroad,
in an extra train, nt 8 o'clock yestcsday morn
ing, and proceeded to tho Spotswood Hotel,
whero apartments lind been provided for them.
Tho President had been expected, by each
train, for two dnys past, nnd itwns known in
tho city yesterday thnt ho would bo hero in
tho morning. A groat crowd collected at tho
railroad depot carly in tho morning, and, as
soon as tho cannon announced his arrival,
thcro was a rush of people to meet and wol
como him. There must hnvo been several
thousand persons nt thc depot and afterwards
ut tho Spotswood Hotel. President Davis
was couvoyed in an open carriage with four
horses, and accompanied by Gov. Letohcr,
Mayor Mayo and Mr. Hoon niger, tho manager
of tho hotel. Thcro was no parade or cere
mony observed, ns there was none desired, on
tho arrival of this distinguished mon, but
thcro was a spontaneous gathering of our citi
zens, who received him with heartfelt shouts
of applause. From tho timo the cars arrived,
to when ho retired to his apartments at thc
hotel, ho was greeted with continual cheers
from thc mon and waving of handkerchiefs by
the womon. The people of Riohmond, appro
ointing tho magnitude of thc struggle couf
menced on thc soil of Virginin, nnd having
confidence in tho ability of President Davis tc
bring tho Confederate States successfully
through, felt, ns they expressed themselves
delighted to seo him. Ho, too, appreciated
this spontaneous nnd wann reception.
As soon as thc President, entered tho hotel
there was u loud call for him by thc crowds 01
people outside. Ho went to tho window, and
though greatly fatigued by continued travo
for three days nnd nights, he addressed then
for about ten minutes. After having- thankc(
them for the very warm reception ho had rc
ceived, Jic remarked that it wns not a timi
for talking, but for notion, and, being si
fatigued from travel, bc could not then gi
into particular statements or details. Hi
expressed his gratification nt thc united voie
of Virginin for secession. The Old Domin
ion and mother of States in this act lind rc
vived thc momory of thc past. She was. th
oradle which rocked Washington, Jefferson
Madison, Mooroo nnd a galaxy of oth?
statesmen in tho earlier nnd purer days 0
tho republic. "Wo inherited a beautiful
model Government, coming from tho hand
of these great statcsmcu and patriots, but i
has bcei perverted by a faction, whose pm
pose it is to deprive us of tho coustitutionn
rights bequeathed us by tho fathers; nu
th eso aro tho rights wo aro now vindicating
Asking to bo excused, on account of physio;
inability, ho retired nmidst loud ohecrs.
After President Davis retired, nmidst cr
thu.siastio applause, a call was made for Mt
Wigfall, but ho not being present nt tb
timo, Gov. hotelier wns called for. He rc
sponded, nnd briefly snid the Stnto lind bec
invaded, nnd was threatened both by sen an
laud nt diff?rent poi nhs, but that tho oncm
would bo repelled. Ho was gratified nt th
manner in which tho President had been rt
ceived by thc oitizons of Richmond, for h
deserved their warmest hospitality and cor
fidenco. Ho concluded by saying this wr
not a time for making speeches, but for at
Don.
After Gov. Letohcr retired, Mr. "YVigfa
was called for again. Ile was warmly chec;
cd on appearing at thc window. Ho said li
would address them now ns fellow-citizoa
though when ho was in Richmond seven
wcoks aro nnd addressed them from th
placo, ho could not call thom so. 1/nicol
was your President then, Davis is now, nn
your President, lins not como secretly and di
guised in a military clonk and Scotch cnp.
llc is not a man of disguises, but bold, bra\
nud open. Thc Northern press had slandcrc
the public mon of tho cotton States by n
sorting thnt they only desired to drug tl
border States out of tho Union, so thnt tl
brunt of tho war might fall on thom, an
that tho cotton States might escapo. Do in
tho legions of bravo men now hero, and c
their way from tho far South to fight on Vi
ginia soil, givo tho Ho to these slanders ?
Howoll. Cobb has been specially noticed t
these Northern traduoors, nnd ho lins thrt
sons enlisted as privates in tho army coiniu
to fight in our common causo* Tho peon
of tho cotton States aro not selfish in th
grund movement for independence- nnd i
defonoo of rights, nor will they withho
their utmost energies or means for the co
flict, whenever it moy como., or howov
great it moy bo. Tho booming of cannc
nnd tho shout? of mon thnt echoed fro
town to town, and villogo to villngo, throng
out tho cotton States, when tho now? nrrivt
that Virginia bad united hor destiny wit
tho C?nfcdornto States, show bow wo rejoice
in thnt great act of tho Old Dominion; ar
not for our sakes only, but for tho prinoipl
that WO aro ready to dio in maintaining, ar
for which wo havo como to fight sido by BU
wjth you. At. the conoluson of Mr. Wi:
-full's rot?arks ho was enthusiastically choorc
At-', half-past 8 o'clock yesterday even i n?
Pr<\? <3?ht Davis visited tho Camp of Ihstru
tion, Central Fair Grounds, accompanied 1
a numerous retinue, and inspected tho n
rangements made for tho accommodation
tho volunteers, with whioh he express*
bimsolf highly gratified. Ills r?ception
tho cn mp was onthusjnstio in tho extremo.
A largo concourse of citizens, among who
wero many Indies, nsfiombled lust evening, I
foro tho Spotswood Hoto), to get a vlo.w of tl
Pr?sident, ?r tp hoar a upceoh. By hnlf-pn
niuo oolook there wore several thousands prc
ont. . They seemed to havo soino conduct
t|?? for his excellency, who, it is kp own',-h
not bad good health, and was much fatigue;
but they Vere determined to havo a ?peco
Ohd onllod ropoatodly. fot Ced. Wigfall. Th
goritlomap aftpoArtag nt tho window to spoa
wos ; reeoivea with great applause. He sa
ho had oom?' aim-ply to thank thom for ti
honor conferred on biro and not to speak, b
s * ?
1 !?'.!.-" ..' ...L J. K., ! -? . ?' '?"?! ? - - ? ?
rather to ask them to excuse him from speak
ing. Ho lind travelled throo days and nights,
made speeches nt al most every station ou tho
way, and lind spoken three times today.
Cries of goon,go on, nt this point, compell
ed tbc orator to proceed. Ho snid when he
wns last iu Richmond, thcro wns somo necessi
ty for speaking to thom, but sinco thnt timo
they lind nil been converted, nnd, ns far ns ho
could seo, there wns not thc least sign of back
sliding. (Cries of no, no! none none!) It
wns not necessary, therefore, to uinko any ar
gument, for thoy woro nil right. He was
proud of Virginia, the land of Washington,
Honry, Madison, Monroe, Jefferson, tho Lees,
Pendleton, and a host of others, who fought
for tho principle of self-government. Their
descendants^ now, after three-quarters of n
century, nro contending for tho snmo grcnt
principle, mid they will succeed. Ile would
not go into nny detail of his views of the
war, but would say that if tho enemy proceed
ed to oross tho border, very ninny would nover
return. (Hero there was vociferous cheering,
showing tho speaker lind touched thc popular
heart.) After apologizing ngnin for thc
absence of the President, und excusing bim
self, he retired nmidst loud cheers. Tho poo
plc, having lind a Bpccch, nppcarcd satisfied
nnd dispersed.
Wo learn that thc President and thc Hon
Ii, T. Wigfall runde brief speeches at thc
Camp of Instruction yesterday evening.
(Vc*ichvrond Eton\n iner.
Tho Richmond Enquirer, in noticing tb<
visit of tho President to tho Fuir (?rounds
gives us tho following report :
" On leaving his saddle, tho President wai
surrounded by an oagcr crowd of soldiors au<
civillitins, whom ho indulged to a band-sha
king performance until tho prossuro bcoaiu
so groat that ho was com polled to retire ti
thc bnlcony of tho Fxccutivo Department
where, in responso to tho demands of thc as
scmblagc, ho cl ed the following brief am
pertinent speech .
" My friends and fellow-citizens : I on
deeply impressed with thc kindness of you
manifestation. I look upon you ns tho las
best hope of liberty; and in our liberty nlon
is our constitutional government to bc prc
served. Upon your strong right nrnis dc
pends thc success of your country, nnd, iu nf
sorting the birth-right to which you wer
born, you nrc to remember thnt life und bloo
arc nothing ns compared with thc immens
interests you have nt stake [Cheers.]
"It mny he th?t you hnve not long bee
trained, and thnt you hnve much to learn o
tho nrt of wur, but I know thnt thcro bent
in the breasts of Southern sons a detoruiint
ticin never to surrcuder-a detcrminatio
never to go homo but to tell a talc of honoi
[Cries of u never?" nnd npplnuse] Thoug
great may be tho disparity of numbers, giv
us n fair liold nnd a free fight, und tho Soutl
ern banner will float in triumph everywhere
?Cheers.] Thc country relies upon you.
Jpon you rest tho hopes of our people; an
I nave only to say, my friends, that to til
Inst breath of ruy lifo, I nm wholly your owt
[Trcuicnduous cheers.]"
WHAT WK HAVE PAID THEM.-In n spece
made in Congress, by Mr. Hunter, of Virgil
ia, about a year ago, wo find tho fol low in
estimates :
Tho annual oxports of slave
States - - - - ?200,000,00
Freights paid to Northern vos
vossols on these exports - - 14,000,00
Freights do. do. on return enr
gocs - - , - - - 7,000,00
Freights pnid same in tho coast
ing trude - - - - 20,000,00
Manufactures by the North cou
sumed by tho South annunily, 480,000,00
Ho then shows that, nt a modcrntc cstitunt
between tinco nnd four millions of tho poop
of thc Northeastern States owo their subsis
eneo entirely to thc commerce of tho Soutl
but for which they would bo compelled i
starve or emigrate Ho shows also thot so
oral millions of tho inhabitants of tho Nortl
western States aro also supported by tho mn
kct for their products afforded by tho Soutl
nnd tiint tho monoy paid by tho Northei
States, is obtained mainly from tho Soutli
and ho thus shows that a largo portion of tl
population of tho Northeastern and Nort'
western States is sustained by slave lnbor.
Mr. Humor thou proocods to show that tl
op?ration of protoctivo tariffs, and cvon toril
for revenuo, linvc thrown tho burthen of tl
govornmcut unequally upon tho ngricultur
States of tho South, who, being tho chief co
8iimor8 of tho protected articles, havo paid tl
increased prico into tho pockets of tho Nort
ern producers. But tho South have not cor
plained of this, but they huvo beon driven
desperation by tho persistent efforts of tl
North, for forty years, to overthrow tho insi
tut ion of slavory.
. IIB KBI?T HIS Wotto.-Tho Potcrsbu
Expresa, speaking of tho lamented Jookso
of Alexandria, says:
" A gontloman now in Petersburg dint
with Mr. Jackson, at tho Marshall House, lu
Tuesday, this day ono week ago, and ntuot
other topics of discussion introduced ot tl
dinner tobie, wns tho secession flag. M
Jaoknon romnrked, during tho convcrsotio
that ho did not desire tho blood of any h
u>nu being ou his hands, but ho had dctorini
od to kill tho man that darod (o rcmovo th
flag. Ho had boord of tho objection to it
Wallington, but, said ho, tho individual th
attempts to roroovo it will clo soot his por
Whether it bo Winfield Scott, Abraham I,i
coln, or Simon Cnmoron, I will kill him t
moment ho Inys violont hands upon it. I
kopthis word, and it is r? matter of grntul
tion with tho South, that tho infamous K!
Worth was tho man who forfeited his life
attempting to intorfere with tho privato prc
crty of a gentleman.,i.
PROBABLE.-Tho Now York Tribuno sa
there nvo nt least th roo hundred officers in t
Lincoln army and navy who will betray t
oauao tho first.?ppprt?nJtjr,
The Manassas Junction
At this is thc looiiiity ?oar which thc com
mand of Cols. Or egg and Kershaw arc posted,
all information from that point will bc rcud
with interest by their friends. A correspon
dent of thc Richmond Dispatch, uudor dato
of thc 27th, (Monday,) writes :
" Leaving our camp at Chimborazo heights
carly Saturday morning, wo did not reach thia
pince until yesterday evening. All ulong thc
route cheering crowds welcomed our coming,
and fair bauds showered hoquets in copioue
profusion upon us. At Louisa C. II. tho cit
rons provided us with nn elegant supper with
out any cost but three hearty cheers, whicl
went up, I assure you, from grateful hearts
Many a swarthy son of Africa, leaning on tin
handle of bia hoc, waved his sinewy arms tc
heaven, as if invoicing (Jod's blessing upor
tho labors of those who aro determined t<
stop the march of those who would desecrate
our hallowed soil, nnd take from the bumbh
negro tho denrcst right he possesses-that ol
having a kind nnd able protector in tho per
son of his master.
" Tber? ure a largo number of troops en
camped herc at. present, embracing the tw<
South Cardion regiments j another regiment
under Gd. Preston, arrived this evening.
" Tho whole camp was thrown into grca
excitement this morning by tho roport tba
the advance guard of the federal forces wer
nt Fairfax Court House, about fifteen mile
distant. Thu wild.shouts of success to thei
nrms which went up to the heavens, ns regi
tuent ofter regiment formed it? solid column
into the linc, surpassed nnything I ever hear
iu my whole lifo.
A correspondent of thc Lynchburg Vit
ginian writes :
" Brigndier-Goncral M. L. Bonham, of th
Confederate army, is in command of nil th
forces hero, and looks ano? nets every inch th
soldier."
Tho Petersburg ICxprc**, speaking of th
difficulty of rccoiving news from that poiuj
says :
" Inquiry in certain quarters satisfies v
that thc transmission of intelligence of ever
kind from thc various military posts had bec
interdicted by the Government. It is n
doubt for thc public weal that such restrii
tions have boen placed on the press, and w
feel assured thnt our readers will cheerful]
submit to thc prohibition. If by silence c
our pnrt wc can further thc cause of thc Soutl
wc shed willingly acquiesce in any regulativ
the authorities may establish."
COL. MOSES IX RICHMOND.-Thc Seeon
Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers toe
occasion, on their march through Iliehmom
to compliment Hon. F. J. Moses, who was i
Richmond, nt the Exchange Hotel. In r
Spouse Col. MoscS said :
M Ho recognized nnd appreciated the cor.
Sliment tendered, not as to himself, but to h
tato, whoso good fortune it lind boon to ii
itiato tho event which was 60 full of hope ar
promise to her Southern sisters. He refern
to tho gallant and patriotic causo in whic
they wero engaged-contending for print
pies, in the support of which their ancesto
und periled their lives, their fortunes, ar
everything but their sacred honor. Th
their mission was a glorious ono;-that c
tho soil of Virginia, tho mother of States ni
of statesmen, they wero nbout to vindicato tl
luomorics of Henry and of Jefferson, ar
would ? moko around tho hallowed tomb
Washington a rampart which would save tl
sacred soil on which it was erected from tl
footprints of tho mercenary foe who had thrcii
cacti to conquer it. That their mission w
to free Maryland from the subjection to whic
traitors had forced it j and in such a ca us
and with motives thus, impelling' them, thc
triumph was certain. That thc soldiers
South Carolina would bo nt their side, nnd tl
descendants of thc Shelbys, tho Williams
nnd thc Clevelands, would emulate thc dee
of their ancestors at King's Mountain. I
alluded to tho sacred day on which ho was a
dressing.thom, and referred to tho holy ass
cintions which their cause suggested. I
continued in an eloquent nnd cnptivatii
strain to address them for about twenty-fi
minutes amid loud nnd repented Interruptio
of cheering, and nt tho closo thc troops ni
spectators joined in tinco hearty cheers i
tho Palmetto State."
A LONCI UBACH.-In Charleston thoy ha
a Wagner's improved rifle cannon, which h
boen tested and found to throw a sholl scv
milos. Prepnrntions arc on foot to comp
incut tho Niagara with n few.-Exchange,
It is nbout six miles from Scwcll's Poi
battery to Portress Monroe, nnd probat
nbout five milos from Ocean View to tho sh
chnnnel that lends to Old Point from Cn
Henry, nnd nbout six miles across from Ca
Henry to Cape Charles, Ono or two of thc
Wagner cannon, mounted as flying artille!
would bc sufficient to drive Old Abe's fleet o
of Hampton Hoads, and from under thc pi
tcct ion of tho guns of Old Point, as their gu
could nut reach us, being of shorter range
Besides, stationed on tho beach they con
afford considerable diversion to tho enemy
Kort Monroe A battery of theso cannon
Capo Charles and ono on Capo Honry wou
edeetnally stop thoir supplies by water. Thc
cannon eau bo oast in Virginia, and probal
in tho Gosport Navy Yard.
\NoiJolk Day Dook.
A TRUK PATRIOT.-Major Tilmnn "NV
son, Stnto Senator from this District, has v
uytecrod to equip tho largo company of Ca]
M. W. Oary, just formed. Tho pompa
numbers from 90 to 100 mon, so that tho ct
of equipment ("and tho Sonator wishes it w
gatton up) will scarcely fall short of $25(
Tho example of Maj. Watson is ft brigid oi
and reflects credit ou his worthy name a
linoago. Tho company is vory appropri?t
stylod tho Watson Guards. We hoartily wi
thom, oflicors and nico, a glorious expcrie.i
of war. Knowing them as we do, wo ni
safely say that no company in the. Southe
service is likely to strike harder or moro off
jtivo blows,-?rlgcficld Ai?vert?eer.
[From (lie London Times, May 10.]
? War without an Object.
What have wc to do but to wotch and ?cc
tho issuo of these u fell incensed points of
mighty opposites ?" Since it must ho, lot
us notice the providential uses hidden in this
calamity. Is not this a uecessary passago in
thc history of thc nation ? Thoro arc few
! groat rivers that have not nt some period of
their course to struggle through thc gorges of
a mountain chain, in which they seem almost
to disappear for a time, only to reappear in
ampler chan nols and more abundant streams,
j lt used to bo said that ovqry nut ion must go
through thc feudal state,' pr bhow for ages
tho effect of nn imperfect education like un
happy Ireland ; and it has been added that
where this discipline was wanting the chivalry
of war might do thc work. War, it hue
boon said, takes up nations as the ?rill scr
j gcant takes up the raw recruit, and teaches
them graco, harmonious movement, and mu
tual consideration. Thc army, say parents,
is thc best school of manners. Thc sight of
tho battle-field has chastened tho ambition
oven of Emperors. You moy tell the mon
who has been in a great battle. Ile will not
talk of war, of wounds, of dread artillery,
and the sword's edge quito so glibly ns other
people. Like Dante, " he has soon Hell."
i Recollections haunt his mind, and spectral
images rivet his gnz,o. This is not thc man
i to carry about with him a secret armory of
' destruction, and to rush into any quarrel,
simply because he is prepared. May wo not
i perceive in this awful conflict thc appointed
means for chastening the quarrelsome spirit
of tho Americans, for elevating sclf-dcfonco
into a public principle, and for changing the
bravo into n soldier ? All America has beon
long playing at war. Such a game ought to
! have a touch of seriousness, and seriousness
is not to bo obtained without suffering and
cost. Ono thing is certain-America was
. never likely to bc to tight her duty by Eng
land, or any neighbor in the Old World.
Wc have been too anxious to avoid a quarrel
with this enfante terrible, who would bc ccr
tuiii to inflict moro damage on us thau tho
quarrel was worth. America is now supply
i ing for herself this missing part of her edu
cation.
Thus far tho war is ono out nf all prece
dent, and beyond all caloulation. At this
moment it is impossible to say what is its ob
ject', and how it is to be conducted. The re
duction of thc seceding States is an almost
inconceivable idea. Tho torritory is im
mense, tho country difficult, thc climate un
healthy, and thc population twelve millions.
Even if wc could suppose a Republican Briny
of 50,000 men, making good its passage
from Baltimore to thc Gulf of Mexico, in
tho face of every difficulty, several such ar
mies might accomplish thc feat, and yet
leave the question as they found it. The ef
fect, and ovon thc possibility of a blockade,
a stoppage of supplies, or an embargo upou
duties, has yet to bo seen. As for the slave
population, there is not thc smallest symptom
of their disaffection, or their wish to loavc
their masters cn masse. Here and thorn it
is likely enough'.hat a sullen slave, who has
quarrelled with his mastor, or one who really
is in the hands of a tyrant, or ono conscious
of a figuro and qualities worthy of freedom,
mny bc ready to seizo an opportunity to es
capo. Rut tho present is an affair, not of
individuals, but of millions. So what chanco
is there of any result to bc obtained from
tho war, unless thc possession of the Capitol
bc a result worth considering? That, hi
fuot, is tho contest nt this moment. It is a
contest for thc dead body of Putroclus ; fot
thc Holy Plises; for a name, for a prestige,
not for a reality. If wo suppose tho North
ern States victorious in several battles, they
aro left with 30,000 moo in possession of a
worthless site in an enemy's country. While
theso 80,000 arc locked up there, and sus
tained by immenso efforts and at considera
ble crpense, tho Southern States may bc
steadily pursuing their own course of seces
sion, self-government, and consolidation.
With tho single excoption of tho Capital, not
a fort, not nn arsenal, not a yard, not a ship,
not a bit of wood or stone will bo loft thc
Federal Government in tho seceding States.
If, too, their commerce should bo at thc
mercy of tho Southern privateers, that is a
gamo in which the Northerners have the
most to lose, nnd thc balnnco must bo ovci
against tho richer. Thc Government now al
Washington, if still thoro, and, if it bo there,
supposing it still froo to act, must have these
consid?r?t ions bcforo it. We know not how
it cnn escape tho conclusion that such n wai
is contrary to tho very rules of war, seoinj
that it has no object. A day may throvi
light on thc otrugglo, and show that tho vast
efforts of tho Northorn States are not to b<
lavished in vain and all that neble blooc
spent like wntor. Wo only reason upor
what wc seo and know, ?nd we aro driven t<
tho conclusion that thus far theso thirty mill
ions of our own flesh and blood arc fighting
for a shadow.
TllE CONFKDF.nATK WlllTK H0U8E.-Tilt
H i (dimond Dispatch of Thursday says :
" Prcsidont Davis is hero, worn with labor
but mirved to tho high duties of his responsi
bio position Tho spaoious mansion of Mr
Cronshnw, on Leigh and Thirteenth streets
thc ono built by Dr. Rrookenbrough, has boor
taken for his rcsulonco. This is to bo tb<
Whito House of tho South. Thoro will bi
his gifted lady, not loss talented and intollco
t ual than himself, to dispense the refined hos
[vitalities which benofit tho residence of tin
ohief mail and loftiest statesman of all tin
South. Richmond mny fclioitato horsclf up
on tho acquisition she lins made,.in thc tami
licw of tho Prcsidont and Cabinet, to her so
oial ?nd fashionable circles."
TEXAN VOLUNTEERS.-Night thousnm
Texans,. completely organized as cavalry, in
fantry and artillery, havo offered their servi
cos to President pavia, iu addition to ho
quota of men te bo furnished in complinnc
with his requisition.
; , _j.... i..'_ . !!}:..<-X.JI
I The Speech of Hon. John C. Breckenridg?.
Thc announcement that cx-Vicc-Presidcnfc
j Breckenridge would speak, drew thc grentest
crowd to the Court House that ever assembled
in this city to boara politioal address. Long
before thc hour arrived, the City Hall, which
it is said will accommodate four thousand per
sons, was densely packed, and thousands could
not find standing room. That nil might hear
the gifted Kcntuckinn, it wns determined that
bc would speak from thc steps of thc Court
House, where for nenrly two hours ho held
tho vast crowd enchained by his powerful ar
gument.
Mr. Breckenridge discussed thc issues now
before tho country us a patriot and statesman.
Ile did not seek to inflame tho passions of
men by that wonderful eloquence of which ho
!.? tho complete muster, but ra th or appealed to
thr ir renson and patriotism by argument. Ho
drolared his purpose of following tho fortunes
bi his State, which had so often honored him
with places of honor and trust. But nbovo
nil, he pointed out that Kentucky should be
united, whatever position she might assume.'
Ho showed that if Kentucky remained in
tho Federal Union, although she might desire
to be ucutrnl, that she would have to furnish
millions of dollars per year to aid Lincoln in
subjugating tho Southern people, to whom wo
aro allied by interest and by blood. Certain
ly Kentucky had done right in refusing to
Send soldiers in response to Lincoln's call, and
it was now necessary to decide whether she
would pay tribute to sustain Lincoln in a mad
and an unholy war.
He favored arming tho Stato in all ovents.
Ile did not belicvo that a stato of armed neu
trality could long exist. Kentucky was al
ready in a state of rebellion. Gov. Magoffin'*
action iu refusing to call out troops wns en
dorsed by the people, and ho believed it wnw
universally applauded by Kentuckians. Tho
idea ndvnnccd in thc Into meeting hero, that
Kentucky was going to light neither for Lin
coln nor thc South, but for tho Uniou, wns
ridiculous. Our proud old Commonwealth
must play a manly part, as she has ever done.
In his judgment, thc whole fifteen slave States
ought to unite, and this might snvo us from
the horrors of civil war. But if nothing
would restrain Mr. Lincoln from his rcoklcss
purpose, he had no fear of the result. Thir- ^
toen millions of people could not be subjugated.
They might bc exterminated-but couqufercd,
I never, never.
Ho begged thai nil party differences nnd
rancor bc forgotten in the midst of these dis
tractions. Maledictions had been poured upon
his devoted head, and unjustly ; but he lind
no further remembrance of them. Our safety
nnd security required ono sentiment, one ac
tion ; let there bc no division in our councils.
He thought Kcntuoky ought to cull a con
vention before tho fourth of July, at which
timo Mr. Lincoln would convene his Congress,
that her people may determine her future ac
tion. Il c deplored civil strife, but it was nec
essary that we should bo prepared for any
emergency, and therefore tho State ought to
bo armed. Intestine war wns fearful j but
war does cxiat, and wc lind to look the dangers
bravely in thc face. If wo hud to fight, we
would fight for liberty and honor.
Mr. Brceklnridgc was frequently interrupt
ed with rounds of npplauso, and his speech
created a decided sensation.
[Louisville Courier.
The Reign of Despotism.
The difficulties of holding in subjection o
free people, are beginning to dovelop them
selves moro and moro evory dny, even to thc
infatuated wretches who have inaugurated tho
reign of despotism. Wo have only to look at
Washington City to form som; id-ja cf thc:
anxieties, embarrassments nnd troubles, which
attend usurped power. With a standing
army of from 35 to 40,000 men, with the
capitol and evory public budding barricaded
and held by mercenary troops, tho authorities
livo in constant dread of some tcrriblo catas
trophe. Lincoln is said to sleep no two
nights together in tho snmo bed. Old Scott
himself lins nbandonod his own private resi
dence, for tho barracks of tbo War Dopnrt
mont. All overwhelmed with a sense of tho
enormity ot their orime, in invading thc pub
lic liborty, they seem to regard evory decent
looking mon and woman as their personal ene
my, and aro haunted with apprehensions of
assassination. A letter from Washington to
Chicago paper, anys :
" There aro soldo Indy secessionists at our
boarding houso, ono of whom has twice, in
my hearing, said she wished sho was a sur
geon to somo of tho Northern regiments, sho
would give 'em strychnine"
This, whether true or not, ludientes the
suspicion which pervades thc Yankee ruind,
with respect to tho feelings of tho citizens of
Washington. A Washington correspondent
of tho Now York Tribune test i flos, to tho
same sort of uneasy sensation among thc in
vaders. He says :
" Horo wo are with 25,000 soldiers in and
about tho limits, many of them unaccustomed
to tho rigid disoiplino of garrison and camp,
in a population ono fourth of whom arc rcbols
in their hearts, and would hail tho sacking of
the oity, if their own property was spored, by
Jefferson Davis. Good citizens do not object
to martial InW) and those who do oppose lt,'
justly incur th? suspicion of being disaffected
to tho authorities. Tho lunion feeling- that
is the term fashionably used to express a sod.
of hybrid hovering between secret treason
and a superficial support of tho laws,--is of
tho same general avorago with tho sentiment
of liko namo in Maryland. It is vocal ?pd
vociferous in the presence of shouldered mus
kets, but querulous And grumbling when tho
subduing influence is removed. It is opt to
bc trusted, unless with tbo presence of nu
ovorawing foroo."
Wo havo^nly Ao fltnrt these wretches on ibo
trot, to have tho wholo population of Wash
ington ami Maryland rising as ono mn? io
butcher them.
.
BKFORB you moko tl friond, coi ft jj^fyjof
sr.lt with him..

xml | txt