Newspaper Page Text
?OB'T. A. THOMPSON, Editor.
U.A.TIlOMrSON, lt. YOUNO, W.H. HOLCOMRK,
THUMS- $t.G0 pornnnun?, In advance. If pay
ment bo ilclnyoj nulli arter the expiration ot tap
?year, SI For six monti- s 7?> cents In advance. '
?g?r*A(lv6rtisonicnls Inserted ai tho usuut rute?.
Saturday Horning, July Ut, 1861.
Wo have roocivod from tho plantation of Mr.
JOHN ll. SLOAN, of Marion county, Florida, a
boll of cotton, properly matured, and fully ex
panded. -Tho tl bro is lino and beautiful, lt
was plucked from the stalk on the 8th inst.
The Southern Congress.
Tho Congroas of tito Confoderato Stntos oou
vor.od at iUchmnnd, Va., on the 20th instant.
tTJio mossago of President DAVIS will bo found
on our first pago. #Wo need not ask for it tho
attoutivo porusal of our rendors. Emanating
from ono who, liko Washington, his immortal
prototype, stands first in pcaeo, first in war,
and first tn tho hearts of Iiis countrymen, it
naturally addiosscs itself to tho best affections
of our nature, and will bo road with zealous
care and groat interest by all our pooplc. It is
un nblo document, and suggosts considerations
cf immense moment at tho present crisis of our
Battle near Manassas.
A groat battlo hn9 boon fought and a signal
victory gained by our Confedorato Army, near
Manassas. President DAV IS, Gcnornls BEAURE
GARD and JOHNSON bad command of the Confed
orato Army, and Conerals SCOTT, MCDOWKI.I.
and PATTERSON, as wo suppose, from informa
tion reooivod by tolcgrnph, had command of
tho Army of tho onomy. All tho available
forces on both sidos wcro brought to boar
in this mighty conflict. Sovonty-fivo thous
and of our army, and moro than n hundred
thousand of tho onomy uro said to huvo boon
drawu out in imposing array, soon to minglo in
deadly stfuggto and terrific slaughtor. General
EVANS, of this Stato, first lod Ins Brigade into
battlo, and Col. SLOAN'S and Col. KERSHAW'*
Regiments, togotbor with Col. HAMPTON'S Lc
<#gion, being connected with it, bad prominont
places in tho battlo-fiold wboro thoro was mar y
a docd of heroism and noble, reckless daring.
For ton long hours did tho God of war dcl'ght
himself in blood and carnage, and then tho enc
my gavo woy, and fled terror-stricken and in
dismay. Our Cuvalry and Light Infantry fol
lowed tho fugitives until tho dark veil of night
intorposod itself in pity, to shield und protect
thom. Tho battlo-fiold and roads for mdos wcro
encumbered with tho dead ; whilst tho grounds
and bouses around groaned with tho melancholy
weigh t of tho wounded and dying. Our victory
is most triumphant, and its influences and re
sults will bo of incalculable advantage. Fight
ing, as wo oro, in dofenco of our altars and our
homos, our liberties and our rights, and all that
is approvod of Cod, and dear to man, against
ruthless invaders, who; ignoring thc courtesies
of social life, and tramping un all laws, human
and Divino, mark their progress by rapo und
rapi?o, may wc not hopo that Divino favor
will continuo to bless our armies in thc contest,
nhd ultimately vottchsofo to us a full deliver
anoo from our enemies, and a high and honora
ble position among tho civilized nations of tho
oarth. Lot us not bo boastful or vain glorious
of our triumph at Manassas, but in great hu
mility and rovciouco let us bow ourselves down,
and with uplifted boort* givopraiso to Almighty
God for thia glorious victory.
Tolographio dospatohes of tho battlo oro to bo
f mud in our columns.
TUE Erreos or Oi/a WAR IN ENOT.AND.-Tho
offoot of tho prosont troubles in this country on
tho industry and oom morco of England, canuot
but bo injurious. A community so closely rela
ted to us, both for tho supply of raw materials
for ber fuotories and for a market in which to
dispose of her product'on-i, must necessarily
fool vory sovoroly any serious interruption of
eommoroiol exchanges with tho United Statos.
Tho reports that reach us from tho groat manu
facturing districts of England furnish the most
gloomy statements as to tho condition of trade
thoro. Tho following account shows how tho
disturban CO hore is working on tho other 3?dc of
At Loods, tho few buyers in that town, in tho
course of tho week, hovo operated cautiously,
but tho fooling is less gloomy thou it was a fort
night ago. A report from Huddersfield is to
tho effect Ihot business is exceedingly languid,
tho easier terms on which goods may bc pur
chased *' failing to tempt tho wary and scanty
oustomors." At Bradford, tho ?pinners oro
?topping thoir maohinory and curtailing tho
production of yorns to o further extent. In
consoquenco of tho suspension of business with
America, One-third of tho stnplo Irado #of tho
town is out off. At Halifax, tho principal ma
kers oro running their looms four days a week
only. nndtho worstod . trade gonornlfy in that
Ideality is vory much depressed. Tho roports
from tho hosiery districts are in no rospeotmoro
satisfactory. In this district no improvement of
any kind ls visible With tho exooption of tho
military gun trndo nt Birmingham, thoro is
scarcely a branch of business in which on ovor
ago trado is being dono. Ilnusos having an old
and oxtonsive connection with tho best mnrkcts,
aro in littlo bottor position as regards ordors.
than others who oro moro depondont upon cas
Mal trade, ond moro .subject to tho lluotnations
Nvhiob occur. In soino instances, tho factors
aro not distributing moro than ono-tbird of their
usual quantity of ordors. Tho rosult is, that
manufacturers hovo noun beforehand, and oro
hard nut to it to koop thoir mon working four
days, but in very many ensos they oro not mo
king moro thou two cr th rpo days. ,
SUOCKINO ACCIDENT-On Saturday lust, a
fatal accident occurred nt thc Colinton Limo
Works, ne.ir Obnrloston. A valuablo negro,
named Tonoy, about twonty-nino years of ago,
was taking from a. Limo kiln a quantity of limo
that bod gono through tho burning process.;
Und, whilo so engaged, tho kiln fell down, bury
ing his body among tho burning Hand. As tho
kiln had boon under tho action of fire vory
Bloodily for mondia, ho must hovo died almost
Douui.K' MURDER-A desper?lo runaway np
grp pp Tuesday night killed two of the police
men 6f Wilmington, Nf. C, named Jue, Donohoe
and George W. Du vol. Tho negro hos not bonn
flight, omi tho Mayer of Wilmington bas oflbr
.id a row a rd of $500 for his arrest,
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MANABAS JUNCTION. July 12, 1801.
Dear Courter :-When I wroto you from
Richmond, I hud not lind timo nor oppotunity
to look over the city. Having sinco dono so, I
proocou to gi yo you a fow i toms:
.^Itichmond isOcity of BOIUO 40,000 inhabitants,
liborn'ily bospriiiklcd with Yankee*, who aro
not to bo trusted. Tho commercial und private
buildings aro compactly built of brick, and prc?
sent altogether a good appearance. Tho city is
sot upon many bills, and is irregularly built.
Tho Citpiluj ?>f tho State is a largo, plain, un
pretending brick building, and is surrounded
with a gr?vo of groan trees,, with beds of Goo
bluo grass. On tho capital bill, near tho Stato
Houso, is tho Bronze Statue of tho groat WASH
INGTON on horseback. It is porfcot in its wny,
On minor pedestals below, aro life like figures
of JKEFFRSON, PATRICK HENRY and MADISON.
Those grounds uro a lino resort for citizens und
visitors, where thorp uro fountains, scats, otc.
Tho children aro especially dolighted with a
" romp" on tho groon I
Richmond is situato on James River, a navi
gable stroan), omptying into tho Potomac ; but
it is now blockaded hy Old Abo's ships, and
has little or no oom meroo on its waters. Wo
noticed hero and there a few steamships, lying
idlo at their wharf. Tho oity is being fortified.
Tho Hampton Logion is encamped nour Rich
mond. Wc attended the dress parado on Mon
day ovoning last. It is a fino body of men, and
wo woro ploasod to seo Pickous so well roprc
ponted in it.
Thoro aro over ono hundred United States
prisoners hero. Oonerally, they aro nn inferi
or body of mon. Of courso, they uro obj opts of
Tho population of Richmond is at this time,
oompuscd of n great vnriotyof persons, from nil
sections ?ind nations. On ono sido is President
DAVIS, his Cabin'.t and Covornmont. On all
eiuos, thoro aro Foldicrs. Strangers in search
of fi ionds. offieo >>r pleasuro. Texas Rangers,
a few Indians, jto., and os wo have beforo re
marked, any number of Yankees.
On Tuesday, wo left Richmond for this poiiff
on tho Virginia Control railroad. The country
through which we passed is rich and lindy cul
tivutod. Finer wheat I no vcr sow harvested
Corn and the grasses look|wcll.
Manassas dunction was almost unknown bc
foro it was occupied by tho Southern troops
Now, it has a nome, and wo predict that it wil
hovo a history beforo a great while. Nothinj
distinguishes it, but the touted fields and forti
fictitious. Rut I am not nt liberty to spool
further on these subjects, however importan
they may bo to your numerous and patient read
ors. There oro no accommodations at Milba;
eas for strnngors, still many moko their way t
On Wednosdny, wo started for Fairfax C. II
which is 14 miles from Alexandria. Arri vin
at Fairfax Station, owing to thc deranged corni
tion of tho country, no conveyances could bc ha
for * ho Court IIO'IPC. Sn, wc walked fourmile
through thc rain, which brought rather vi vidi
to our mimi tho hardships cfo soldier's lifo.
Fairfax is one of thc oldest counties in th
State, and was noted ns tho home of WAHI I Ni
TON. Tho village is ontiquo in oppcnronc
with a population of about 800 souls. We sa
the Church iu which WASHINGTON worshipped
und his will is on record in the proper olin
hero. Sinco tho invasion by thc Vunkoes, tl
Clerk of tho Court has removed thc original cop
to prevent its falling into their hands. Tl
Clerk of tho Court kindly showed us fovor
pupers signed by WASHINGTON-one a lease
land to ai :an by thc niano of JOHNSON; nm) n
Othor, a conveyance, by deed, of a pow in tl
Church above rcfercd to. There is on file her
t >o,n suit between WASHINGTON and another pc
son, which Ruit was lost by WASHINGTON.
Your readers will recollect that it was hei
somo wocks ngo, that o company of Unit
Stoles Cavalry charged through tho stree
under Lieut. TOMPKINS, Thc shot from thc
Carbines is still visible on tho Court linux:,
was in this tight that thc bravo and accomplish
Capt. T. Q. MAUR foll, pierced through ?
heart, by tho band, it is said, of a tory of tl
section. Tho spot on which ho fell was point
out to mo by a friond. A singular fatality b
attended thc V irginions, thus far, in this cc
Fairfax is tho advanced post of tho Confoc
rate troops, which is in seven miles of tho (
erny. Tho2d,Col. KERSH A w's Regiment, is
tho front-tho post of duty and honor. T
Rutlcr Guards, of Grccnvillo, belong tu tl
Regiment, amt wo arc indebted to its membi
for courtesies extended and kindness rocciv
at their hands. Long may they wave.
I returned to Manassas this morning, on i
way to tho 4th Regiment. Since arriving hi
I loam it is at tho Frying Pun, six milos nix
Ccntorvillo, and 12 milos from this place a
Fairfax. Our boys will bo in tho fight when
comes off. T,
AEFAIRS IN MISSOURI.-Wo copy tho folk
ing from tho Bulletin, issued by tho compoi
ors of tho St. Louis State Jott nat, arter its tu
pression by tho military usurpation of Geno
Lyon. It is under dato of Saturday cvenii
tho 13th, and no doubt correctly states tho pi
tion of parties in Missouri.
Tho Stato forceo in tho Southwest are div'u
into three divisions of ten thousand each, ei
manded by Covornor Jackson. Con. Rains i
Parsons, and Concrnls Frico nod M?O?llo
hovo driven Lyon and Sturgis, who had ofl'ee
o junction, into thc nock of laud botweon W
sow and Osceola, whore they woro complet
Reliable information bas been received
town that Governor Jackson, followed by
thousand men, well equipped und armed
marching upon Jofibrson City. He boa pied
bis word to bo in tho G ?bernational man
on tho 22d, omi to support Ccu. Sterling P
as Chairman of tho Stato Convention.
A gentleman of tho highest respectability
forms us that tho reports published this nu
ing, concerning tho defeat of Gen. Harris,
Monroe county, by Col. Smith, aro mero fa
cations, and that instead ol coming, us t
purported, from Hannibal, tho rumors v
gntberod, in tho streets of Alton, and wcro
mure reflux of tho designsof thc Illinoisans, I
ris had, day beforo yesterday, fifteen li ll nil
mon, well mounted mid equipped, und tho ?
plo were rapidly Hooking to bis standard. 1
Sroba bio that oro this time ho lins dispersed 1
mitb's command, und is on bis march to
foct o junction with Covornor Jackson, ot
LATER.-'Just ns we aro going to press,
oro informed that a gentleman in this city
received n lotter from his brother in Cedar ci
ty, stating that Gen. Lyon, learning that C
I'm rba go had inga nixedMI foi'CO of tinco bum
omi ton men in Cedar county, eent o doti
mont of two hundred nnd forty mon to copi
them. Burbogo out-gonernlcd tho federals,
aftor a short and decisivo fight, tho latter
rendorod. Thirty of tho federals woro kil
Ultf?... .'ll.'l'.'L- '.i'..LI . I . ..ri..J_l_ ?'?fJI'ti
Pinnings and Clippings:
THE FUGITIVE SLAYB LAW lsT i; 1,1,1 l t Kl? uv TUB,
Kum* CONORBSS-On Tuosdoy, of Inst week,
Lev .joy, of Illinois, introduced o resolution
into thc Northern House of Representatives to
tho effect, thut " in tho juilginont ot' the House,
it is no pnrt of the duty of soldiors of tho United
States to capture or return fugitivo ?layo*. Tho
resolution was passed by a voto of 02 to G3.
'JL'itK WBPTERN MARKET-Corn is offered nt
Davonport. Town, one of Gui own produco mnr
kets in tho Northwest, ut 12} cents per bushel,
and no buyers in tho mnrkot.
SCARCITY or COTTON IN THE MANUFACTURING
DISTRICTS-A letter from ono of tho Inrgost
manufaoturors in tho Mast, received at St. Louis,
gives tho stock of cotton in New York, Philadel
phia aud Baltimore all told, ut about 9000 bales,
with no stock of manufactured goods on hand,
while tho stock in Louisville, Cincinnati and
Pittsburg, is nearly exhausted. Tho sumo lotter
Mules that thc best informed eastern merchants
arc of opinion thnt in sixty days cotton will be
worth twenty cents a pound.
WATERMELONS-On tho night of thc lOib Inst,
says tho Charleston Courier, in St. Coorgo's
Parish, Louis Intinger and Jim! Merchant, a
colored boy, formerly of Charleston, were shot
by A. Sulsbury, whilst attempting to steal wa
termelons from bis placo. Inlingcr was blt in
tho hip and not dangerously wounded, but it is
thought that Merchant is mortally wounded.
POLICIES AND PRIVATEERS-A correspondent
of tho New Orleans Delta call* attention to thc
fact that thc Now York policios of marino Insu
rance cover losses by pirates, but niako no men
tion of privateers. Should Northern Courts
condemn and treat any Southon) privateers ns
Idrittes, the Northern insurance companies will
TUE CHARLESTON AND SAVANNAH TELEGRAPH
LINE-Thc new telegraph lino, says the Charles
ton Courier of tho 20ib instant, between that
city and Savannah was coniplotcd yesterday hy
the successful laying of a submarino cable across
Ashley Uiver, under the superintendence of Mr.
Brenner. Mr. Brenner bas overcome the most
formidable obstacles in tho construction nf thc
work, and is entitled to the thanks nf the com
munity and the highest praise for tho triumph
ant result of his labors.
WHAT A LA DAUA is DOING-Montgomery coun
ty has subscribed to the Confodurato lunn eight
bu mir Ed und fifty thousand dollars, as follows:
Cotton. 14,400 bales ; com. 18,000 bushels ;
merchandise, $31,000; flour. 100,000 pounds:
cannon balls, $2,000 ; cash, ?83,000. If Mich
bo thc self-sacrificing spirit of our people, a
world in arms Cannot subdue them.
ONE OF THE WAR PARSONS-Thc Hartford
(Conn.) Courier soys that tho Chaplain of the
Fifth Uogimont of that State bus been hitch
drummed out nf camp. The difficulty with Mr.
B. appears t<> have been a want of " tho ready,'*
und an Inclination to board nt hotels without
settling " that little bill," and a propensity foi
taking things that didn't belong to him.
LINCOLN AND FT. DOM INDO-According t<
Washington dispatches of thc 7th, tho reaction
ary party of St. Domingo have applied to Lin
coln for aid, and it is said that if Spain dors not
reply satisfactorily to tho note of Sward on thc
subject of tho occupation of thc island, thc Mon
roo doctrine will bo enforced.
THE women in Washington, 'it is said, ari
almost all secessionists, and in private circle
among thc permanent residents of Wushingtoi
and Georgetown, hatred to the existing govern
incut and sympathy with Jell', Davis aro frcoh
expressed feelings. Tho wife of r. well-knowi
Senator, though not the representative of a slnvi
or secession Stato, mnkes her house tho rendez
vous of rebels,
IRISH EMIGRATION CEASED-Tho Dublin cor
respondent of the London Times, writing m
June 13, says : Tho tide of emigration fron
Ireland may ho said to have ceased to flow. Km
.grant vessels depart from some ot rur port
without a singlo emigrant.
FAILURES-The Boston Commercial linlletin'
list of business changos for thc week ondilij
June 20, gives twelve failures and suspension
in New York, fonrteun in Boston, and four ii
Philadelphia-a total of forty-five for the weeli
THE NEUTRALITY OK KENTUCKY-Cen. Bocli
ncr, thc Inspector General of Kentucky, in fae
of Gen. McClellan's denial, reiterates thal th
Lincoln officer oxprossly ag.ced to respect th
neutrality of Kentucky.
THE resolution for thc expulsion nf Mcssrt
Mason, Hunter, Clingman, liragg. Nicliolsoi
Cbcsnut, Sebastian, Mitchell, Ilempbill an
Wigfilll, was adopted in the Lincoln Senate, o
thc 11th instant, by 22 yous to 10 nays.
A DESPOTISM ACCEPTA MLE-Northern Sent
tors do not hesit?lo to declare, en tho floor t
tho Semite at Washington, that it would I
better to run tho risk of erecting a Despotist
than to looso tho Union. Wo think they wi
THE STAR SPANOLBD BANNER-It is a fm
worth knowing that evory malo descendant nu
relativo of tho author of this beautiful son
liable to military duty, aro now in the Conto
erato army. At lou^t fifteen mouibors of tin
patriotic family are at this timo doing servil
against tho unconstitutional and tyrnnieal Go
eminent at Washington, and rightfully clai
to bo fighting for tho principles to which th
flag was originally dedicated.
Mr.ETiNU AT AmiKvii.LK-Ata publiemoolin
heb' at Abbeville Court House on last Monda
tho produco loan was very successful. Ol
planter subscribed 200 bales of cotton, and ne
eral 100 bales each, tho subscription general
covering about ono half their crops.
GOVERNOR PETUS has appointed Con. lloub>
Davis Major General of tho army of Mjssisslrt]
in placo of Gen. Churlos Clarke, appointed tc
command in thc Coi) fedora to army.
THE GREAT BATTLE.-We leam that a woori
ed soldier, who WHS ?ll tho battle Oil Stllldft
passed Kingsville, on his way homo, yosterdu
Ho is a Frenchman, and lins been through t
Crimean wm*. Ho said that in all that war
novor saw such a battle. Ho speaks in glowl;
terms of Ibo charge of thu Virginia Regime
on Sherman's battery, and frays that bc saw t
last man ut those jjitns fal).
Ho states that tho slaughter of the oncri
must hnvo boon immense, but thinks that o
i los? was olio hoavy.- Guardian.
.?'.i 1 VMmmmMmmmp?*?, II I ililli il .NI ,ii?i,?W? ' ? '. ",???? ;.
Telegraphic Nows from all Quarters?
RICHMOND, July 18.?-Wo uro\compollod
to depend upon passengers for nows.
. Apparently rolinblo passengers stato that
400 of Col. I Leek's command surrendered and
four oom pa ni cs of tho Georgia regiment.
Tho body of Capt Skipwith, of tho Powhatan
Rifles, killed at Rioh Mountain, brought was
to this city to-night.
Agontloman from Wise's Logion says that.
Abo companies aro well and . choorful. Ho
hr.d r. few engagements, and always success
^ Gen. "McClellan says that Gen. Garnett's
force fought so hard hud so determinedly,
that ho Miad no disposition to follow thom,
but rather leave thom to join their forces.
RICHMOND, July 10.-An intelligent nud
reliable gentleman, whp left Staunton this
morning, says that all tho companies of Ram
sey's Georgia regiment aro nt Monterey, safe.
They wcro prisoners, but paroled.
Col. Starke, aid to Gen. Garnett, says th oro
was no battle-only skirmishing. The day Car
nott.wns killed tho enemy occupied Laurel
Hill, and Ramsey's Georgia regiment was or
dered to dislodge them. Thc Georgians mov
ed up gallantly-four companies on tho right
of tho stream in thc mountains, ?ndsix com
panies of tho same regiment on tho left of
tho stream ; but. the enemy appeared in such
an overwhelming force that Ramsey gave tho
order to retreat, lt was believed that four
companies did not hero thc order, but march
ed on, and probbaly were immediately sur
rounded. lt was hoped, however, that thc
four companies would.yet reach camp. Gar
nett's command only lost 20 in killed, unless
some of thc four companies were killed. No
official details huvo yet been received. All
tho balance of Garnett's command is safe.
CINCINNATI. July 10.-Coxc's Knnawha
men fired at each otb' tr, killing two and wound
ing several. Porty miles up thc Knnawha
thc cavalry charged Oil Coxc's column, kil
ling two and mortally wounding one. The
Among tho Southerners killed in Wes
tern Virginia are Capt. Skipwith, Richmond
Blues; Lieut. Dam ?ott, Dr. Taylor, Dr. Walk
er and wounded Capt. Delalus and his first
lieutenant. Dolli I us escaped to tho camp, but
was carried off prisoner. Reports says he
M AN AS? AS JUNCTION, Saturday night, Ju
ly 20.- During tho grouter pjitrt of yesterday af
tcruoon, tho enemy was busy in burying their
dead near Hull's Run.
We. have, however, information that the
Northern forces are concentrating against us
in iinmen.se numbers. They are throwing
up earthworks and planting batterries with
great energy, as if t?> renew the attack. Our
troops await tho attack with the utmost con
Gen .Patterson, with his entire, force, has
abandoned MUrtinburg, and is now hastening
to furin a junction with McDowell. Troops
are being thrown across thc river from Wash
ington in heavy bodies, and everything indi
cates that our position will be attacked speedi
ly by an overwhelming force.
Gun, J lean regard, yesterday afternoon, is
sued an order that all civilit ns, women and
children .should leave Mantissas Junction
forthwith. Ho evidently anticipates a great
battle here to-mot row.
TUR rm HT NUAK MANASSAS.
RlOIIMOND, July 21.-The fight common
.eed near Mantissas at ?1 o'clock, this morning
lind became general about 12 m., and contin
ued until about 7 o'clock in the evening,
when tho Federalists retired, leaving us in
possession of the field.
Sherman's celebrated battery of Light Ar
tillery was taken.
Tho battle was a terrible one, with great
.slaughter on both sides.
MANASSAS JU NOTION, Sunday Night, Ju
ly 21-7 o'clock.-A great battle has been
fought to-day utthe Si ono Bridge on Hull'f
Run, near this place. Thc Southern -troop*
ure again victorious. The slaughter on both
sides was terrific.
Gen. Johnston, who had been summoned
from Winchester to come with all haste tc
the. assistance of General Dean regard, arrived
with bis entire force in time to take part ii
Cen Beauregard bad his horse shot fern
under bim while leading Hampton's Legioi
Gen. Johnston, during the engagement
seized the colors of 0 wavering regiment nm
rallied them in person to tho charge.
It is impossible nt this moment to estimate
tho number of thc dead and wounded,
lt is reported that the commander of thc Uni
ted States forces, General McDowell, is n or
tally wounded. On our side, Col. Francis S
Bartow, of Georgia, who was acting Brigadier
General, was mortally wounded, and is sine
reported death The battle began at 8, a. m
and lasted until 0, p. in,
Thc enemy is now in full retreat, and Lot!
pursued by cur cavalry.
MANASSAS JUNCTION, ll o'clock P. M.
Amid thc bustle and excitement hero, it is cs
cccdiugly dillieult to get tho correct particular
of the great battle of to-day:
Thc enemy opened their batteries of henv
artillery and small field-pieces nt McLaw1
Ford, about 8 o'clock in thc morning. Th
'engagement above the Stone Bridge on Bull'
Run began about 10. o'clock.
The enemy's force, ns near ns cnn bo nsoci
tained, was at least 50,000. Our own fore
was but 20,000. Goo. N. G. Kvarts, of Soul
Carolina, led thc Brigade first into notion.
Among thc Southern forces prominently ci
gaged, Vere Col. Sloan's 4th Regiment, Co
Kershaw's 2d Regiment, Col. Wade Hani]
ton's Legion, all of South Carolina Volut
Only three were wounded in Col Korshnw
Regiment, in Col. Sloan's Regiment, nil
Hampton's Legion, tho loss of life was proa
er. Adjutant Theodore G. Barker and Cap
Janies Connor, of tho Washington Light lt
fan try, Hampton's Legion, wcro sligbtl
wounded. Lieut. Cob B. J. Johnson, t
tho Legion, was killed. Captains Karlo ai
Kohols wcro slightly wounded. Men nevi
fought moro desperately than did ours to da
Wo havo captured 18 pieces of artillery, al
from 1)00 to 400 prisoners.
Col. Barlow's fino Regiment of Georgiai
was nodl'ly annihilated. Gen. Barnard 1
Boo, of South Carolina, was mortally wouni
cd. Col. Wade Hampton was slightly woun
cd. Gen. Johnston commanded the left wit
and Gen. Bertureganl tho right wing. Tl
reports thnt roach us hero state that our for
was no loss than 7f),000 men, nod that tl
enemy had over 100,000. These statcincii
are probably exaggerated ; but it is oerta
that thc leaders on both nidos had eonconti
ted their wholo available force to tako pt
in tho battle.
Tho number killed and wounded cann
bo ascertained with any accuracy until I
morrow. Our loss is estimated at 2C0 kill
nnd 800*wounded, whilo tho loss of tho ene
my could not hnvo boon les? than several
thousand. These figures, how?ver, may lo
wido of tho mark, for tho lino of battlo was
extended, nnd it wasultnost dark whon tho
enemy gavo way.
Tho Washington Artillory, of New Orlouns
was again in tho foremost place, und diu mest
offectivo work. Their fire fell upon thc ranks
of tho foe with murderous effect.
Tho Osilothorpn Light ?ftfdbtry, cf Savan
nah, was out to pieces.
Among tho officers known to hnvo been
killed, in addition to thoso 1 havo mentioned
above, is Kirby Smith, of Florida.
At ono time during the battle, Sherman's
celebrated battery of United States Flying
Artillery was at tho poi nt of destroying Hamp
ton's Legion, whpn Col. Carland, of tho 11th
Virginia Regiment, was ordered to charge the
battery at thc point of tho bayonet. Ho im
mediately led thc Virginians to thc ohargo,
under a torriblo fire, and after a fioroo strug
gle, captured tho entire battery and turned
its guns upon tho enemy.
RICHMOND, duly 22.-Tho reports of thc
killed and wounded last night were so unroll
?hie, amidst tho oxoitemo.nt and confusion
following tho victory lit Mnnassaa, that wo
refrained mentioning thom, being fearful of
giving oauseless pain to many anxious hearts.
Among thc dead ?ire (louerais Barlow, of
Ueorgia, Ree, of South Carolina, and Kirby
^lilith, of Florida. Lieut. Col. Johnson, of
Hampton's Legion, is also killed.
Cen. Beauregard and Staff arc safe, though
thc General hud his horse shot from under
Cen. Joseph FL Johnson commanded the
left, where thc enemy made their firocest at
tack. (Jen. Beauregard commanded thc
light. President Davis reached tho held ut
noon, and took command of tho centre.
When thc left wing of our forces was thc
hardest pressed by thc enemy, thc ccntO}
disengaged that portion of the enemy's force,
ind decided the fortunes of the day.
No other reliable reports hfcVO been receiv
ed, but are hourly expected.
lt is stated that the enemy was command
ed|by Genera Ls Scott. Patterson and .McDowell
and it is reported that the latter was scriousl)
Lieut. Hood, of Cupt. Crump's company
(of Augusta, Ca.,) arrived here last eveninu
and says his company, and the regiment
which wus suppered to lia ve been cupturci
have arrived .;:>foly at Monterey. Voua?
Pool, of ('rump's company, was very slight
ly burt in the thigh. Nobody else is known
to be burt
Passengers stntc that, G cn. Wise won a dc
eided victory in thc Kanawliu valley last week
killing 150 of the enemy, and losing but ;
few men himself.
Nothing later received from Mnnassas u]
lo 10 o'clock to-day.
lt it'll MON I), July 22-10 H. M.-A larg
public meeting was held this afternoon, a
which il committee was appointed to go ti
Mantissas ?nd rcotcvoall tho wounded able t
bo transported to Richmond. Another com
mit too was appointed to ascertain tho mun
ber of families in Richmond who will roceiv
and attend thc wounded' and a com m i tte
to solicit subscriptions to obtain comforts t<
alleviate the sufferings and wants of tho sid
It has been raining all day. The trai
from Mantissas, duo at 8 o'clock this aftei
noon, was not expected to arrive till nen
midnight. The telegraph to Mantissas lui
been out of working order for several hours
and is now working with an 'imitions
amount of business on hiind and offering* i
is, therefore,'impossible to obtain tho detail
of thc killed and wounded yet. The hatti
ground extended over a space of about tot
lt ICU MOND, July 22.-Official Report <
tho Hattie. President Davis sends ntl ofl
oial despatch lo tho Secretary of War, nt
nounooing a complete and decisivo victoi
yesterday near Mantissas, The enemy, afti
ten hours fighting, fled precipitately iu tl'
direction of Lecsburg and Centreville, pu
sued by our cavalry and light infantry, ti
night put an end to thc pursuit.
The enemy left on the field a large quant
ty of stores, munitions, nrms, ?te, and va
piles of the slain. Everywhere in the dire
Hun of their flight, the dead bodies and wou
dod are scattered, and the neighborhood lani
houses on the road arc crowded with tl
Wounded,of thc enemy.
Thc Confederate forces immediately engn
cd were about 15,000, tho Federalist.': are c
timatcd at 35,000. This refers to tho lc
wing, where the battle principally raged, an
does not include the right wing and centr
which was only partially engaged The c
tire Confederate force was about 40,000, at
tho Federals nearly 80,000. The eneu
lost sovorid battervies of field artillery, tu
one stand of regimental colors.
No particulars of thodoad und woundedp
either side have been received un to'1 o'clot
RICHMOND, July 22.-Congress met at no
to-dtiy, and was nponod with prayer. Tho fi
lowing despatch, dated Mantissas, Simd
night, wus rend hy tho dork:
" To Goncrnl S. Cooper, Adjutant Genera
Night hus closed anon a hurd fought field. O
forces have won a glorious victory. Tho otici
wns routed, and lied precipitately, nbandoni
a very huge amount of arms, munitions, kn:
sacks nnd bnggngo. Tho ground was strm
for miles with those killed, uriel the farm-bout
ami tho grounds around wore filled with I
wounded. Tho pursuit was continued alo
several routes toward*! Leosburgand Controvil
until darkness covered tho fugitives, We ba
captured several bold batteries and rcgimon
stund of arms, ami ono Uuitcd States Hag.
Many priruncrs havo boon taken. Too mu
praise cannot be bestowed, wiiothor for tho alt
ol'thc principal officers, or for tho gallantry
nil the troops. Tho battlo was mainly foti j.
un our left, several miles from our contre (J
force wns (0,000, nod that of tho oriemy is o*
mated at 35,000. (Signed,) Jew, DAVip*"
Tho following resolutions wcro olfcrcd by >
M om minger, nnd unanimously adopted:
lictolred, 'flint we vocognlzo tho hand of I
Most High (?oil, tho King nf Kings and Lord
Lords, in tho glorious victory with which he hi
crowned our lil'iny nt Mnmuwis; nnd I lint thc p
plo qi* tho Con federateStales uro invited, by t
proprinlo services on thu ensuing Sabbath, lo ol
up their united thanksgiving ami prniso for t
Jicsojunl, 'flint doeply doploring tho ncocss
which has washed Hiv soil of our .country w
blood of so litany of her noblest sons, we oller
their respectivo families nutt friends our -warm
and most cordial sympathy, assuring them ll
tho sacrifices rundo will bo consecrated In tho hon
of purpeoplo, nnd will IhcVo ciishrino Iho nur
of tho gallant dead ns tho champions of froo ti
Rexolvrd, That wo npprovo thc prompt nnd pnl
olio ?troi ts of tho Mayor of the eily ot lliohmc
to itmkc provision for Iho wounded, and that
('onuiiitioo of ono member from muli Slnlc bo i
pointed to cooper?te in tho pinn.
Jtetolved. That Congress do now adjourn,
RICHMOND, July 22, 0 p. m.-VTho citv
full of rumors about the number of kill
and \'v?uiuk^ ' "^ML^^^^^^O^^
mcnts imiking)16^l-im^i?o utterly uuroliu../
'l'ho body of (len. Franois S. Bartow, nndH
perhaps others, aro expected on tho train to-'j
. 'ijOUisviLTiK, July 22.-Tho following!
nows of tho Confederate victory at Bull's!
Hun oroatC8 tho most intense exoitomont beroV
startling tho publie mind-tho morning pal
pcrs h.aving'pubnMucd despatches from Wash-1]
lug ton proclaiming a brilliant victory for tho)
Federalists. Thoro is great rejoicing among
tho Southern High Ls mon :
WASHINGTON, Monday, Noon. Our troon? i
after gaining u great victory, wero cvontuall) v
repulsed, and Commenced to retreat on Wash- .
After this information was received last
night from Gontroville, a series of events took s
place in thc highest dogreo disastrous, anti
many confused statements aro prevailing, but\
enough is known to warrant the . statement,!
that wc have suffered to a degree which ^tyMfflHl?T*~
gloom over tho remnant of the anny, aii&BPpp?^
oitcs tho deepest melancholy tliroaglioatS^
! Th e carnage was trotnondously heavv on C
both bides, and ours is represented as fright, ll
j ful. Wo were advancing, taking masked r *
bat terries, and gradually but surely driving I
thc enemy towards Manassas, when tho enc-f
my was reinforced by (?cn. Johnson. ?;J?t.
were immediately driven hack, a.ijaj, a ptrrnHV^-^.
.suddenly occurred among our troops. 1
j It is Understood Gen. McDowell undertook '
to make a stand near Centreville, but tho pan- J
I ic was so fearful that tho whole army became /
? demoralized, and it was impossible, to chook ?
I them, cither at Centreville or Fairfax Court?
1 House. A largo number of tho troops in v- ..
' their retreat fell on tho wayside from oxhnus- I
i timi, and aro scattered along thc route all tho ]
. way from Fairfax Court House. Tho roadL
! from Bull's HUh is strewn with guns andt
I knapsacks discarded by thc troops, tho bct-J[
! ter lo facilitate their retreat. m
. Gen. McDowell was in the roar of his uicnj^L
I endeavoring to rally them, but only partially^ ^
Only 200 of thc Fire Zouaves aro left fromnv
tho slaughter. Tho 60th and other NTc\vjK
York regiments suffered frightfully. wjL
Sherman's, Carlisle's Griffin's and thqflto
West Point Hattories wero taken by thc Con-Sra
federates ; also tho eight siege 02-pouuder lai
lille cannon. I*'
Col. Wilcox, the commander of a brigade, Bag
and Capt. MuCook aro killed. Col. Heintzel- Wff
mau is wounded. |
Washington is a scene of tho most intonso ?
excitement. Wagons aro continually nrriv- S
ing, bringing the dead and wounded. Tho f
feeling in the city is awfully distressing.
Hoi h telegraph and steamboat coiniuunica- ^
tion with Alexandria is suspended, in order jj
j to satisfy the public. The greatest alarm y
J prevails throughout tho city, and thc fortifi
cations arc being strongly reinforced with
It is suppor.ed that Gen. Mansfield will
take command of the fortifications on tho
Other side of tho river. Large, rifled cannon ,??'
and mortors arc being rapidly sent over. A '
JKFFKUSON CITY, MO., July 22.-Tho m
Missouri State Convention met here tO-dg^^BMQ)
Sixty one members were present. 11 was (>?^?Br'
j gaui/.ed by the election of General Wilson as ml '
WASHINGTON, July 22.-Tn thie^TIouve^ u?X
to day, Crittondon's resolutions, cKeeriitg tho
civil war upon tho South, were passed by a f
vote of 122 to 2. Tho nays were Messrs.
Hornett and Heid.
Tn the Senate, thc bill providing for the
confiscation of thc property of rebels found in
arms against tho Government- of thc United
States, was taken np, and, on motion of Mr. i
Trumbull, amended so as to provide that all ll
slaves employed to aid in thc rebellion shall Aw.
be forfeited by their masters. Thc bill thctiflgj
passed-'12 yeas to G nays. Those who voted IS
in the negativo were Messrs. Brockinridgo, H
Johnson, of Missouri, Kennedy, Pearce, Polk EH
and Howell. H \
LAT KU.-In thc Scnato, thc bill to increase R9 I
thc military establishment was returned from
tho Mouse. The Senate refused to concur iii BB |
tho House amendments. A message was re- WM
ceived from tho President, on which tho Sc- WMi
nato wont into excoutivo session, and aftor
wards adjouruud. , ''?^
lu thc Houso, Mr. Wright offered a r?solu- g?
tion to thc effect tliat tho reverses at Hull's &m
Hun have in no way impaired tho prospects Wt
of ultimate success, eec. Thc resolution was $$
. laid on tho table.
WASHINGTON, July 22.-General MoClol- $&
lan has been ordered to the command of m
tho Potomac, and is to bo succeeded by Ho- igf
Thc h'oderal army is to bo instantly reor- Ifs
gantzedand increased. Gen. Mc Dowell's hoad
quarters are nt Arlington. His division will
resumo his former position.
A largo ampunt of provisions, &o., wero
captured by tho Confederates, who pursued
and occupied thc positions abandoned by tho
United States troops as far as Fairfax Court *
Tho cavalry of tho Confederates was after
our volunteers, wdio Kept to tho woods, to
avoid their charges. '
BA rmMOIXK, July 22.- Thc lath Bogi
niont of New York Militia lias ro-ciilistcd for
Gen. Banks joins Patterson, who is at Har
per's Korry, awaiting him. ^ ??
Thoro is great oxcitomcnt hero. Tho
Southerners arc overjoyed, mid tho efforts of
friends aro unavailing to quiet thoir delirium I *
of joy. It is said that n considerable mili
tary force will bo required to keep them
'down. Likenesses of General Beauregard
aro soiling through tho strcots.
A heavy rain prevents a largo congregation
of tho people &
Tho defeat is attributed to tho inactivity B
of Patterson, who had received a dozen Hi
oidora official ly to engage General Johnson nt ff
Thirty arrests wero made for nttompts to in-. .-j]
cito revolt. fl
Tho sp?cial corrcspoiidont of tho Herald I
says hat tho retreat was nothing m or Ju nor ' f
less than a stampedo, nnd that the dcfcalt was I
duo, in a great measure, to Patterson's cJuir.se.
(Jov. Spraguc's bravery brought somo dlegro?
j of ord or out of thc chaos. McDowell}
j showed great bravery, but till was uiinjjhuJir/gi;
to arrest tho panic. T '
Tho New York 71st, 14th and 27tfi, nnd \
\ tho Maine Begiinonts woro lnowcd down ?fce j||
grass. Tho list of killed and WQU^O/1,OJ^W?|
braces a large number of offioors. \% \ il fl
coran, of tho 60th New York Kcgi'ur, j 1,1 wj
thought to bo dead. \ \ ySL-S
WASHINGTON, July 22.-Tho Bhodo^'^fl|
and Battery was captured at Bull's UtfM fe VI
Bridgo, where their retreat wVs cut off, n?K^f til
I their horses ail killed. Thc ?ist New Yofi KIM
! llegltucnt lost half their men. 'UL I