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BOB'T. A. THOMPSON, Edltor.
. ?. Thompson, W.K, Holcombe, R. Young,
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J5&*" Advertisements inserted at $1 per squaro
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'toa?* Obituary Notices exceeding five lines, Trib
utes of Rcspoct, Communications of a porsonal
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Job Printing executed 'with neatness and.
despatch; for cash or provision.
JJ*qF** Nocessity compels us to adhere strictly to
the requirement of cash payinont.
PICKENS C. If., S. C:
Saturday Morning:, Sept- 23, 1865.
Messrs. John 13. Sitton, Rowland &
Knauff, Pcndleton; Dr. Norman and I).
Riemann, Walhalla, will act as Agents for
tho Courier; receiving subscriptions cither in
cash or provision. So, likewise, will Post
Wo have made arrangements to have the
paper delivered regularly at Pcndleton, Wal
halla, and on the Railroad.
Subscriptions will be receipted through our
Persons receiving late papers will coufcr a
favor by loauing them to us. They shall be
Wo arc under many obligations to J. 13.
Sitton, Esq., and other friends for late pa
Regular tri-weekly* mails arc now received
on tho Railroad at Anderson C. II., and along
the route of the Greenville Railroad generally.
Tho same service is expected very soon on
tho Rluc Ridge Railroad, and to this point.
^Our troubles, in this respect at least, scorn to
bo disappearing. Prepare your stamps.
Internal Revenue Officers.
Coi. C. J. Er,foro, of Greenville, has been,
appointed Assessor of the Internal Revenue
for the third collection district of South Car
olina. James G. Gibbes, of Columbia, is
Messrs. J. K. JIaqood and W. E. Hot,.
combe have been appointed Assessors for
Pickens, -the former gentleman for the 5th
and the latter for the 2d Regiment.
* The Public Highways.
Our people have, with commendable prompt
ness, put odr public highways in very good
condition. Some of the roads have been ad
mirably worked. Thcro area few that are
?still bad; which, as civil rule again resumes
its sway, will no doubt be put in good order.
The citizens of Pickens arc proverbial for
their good roads.
Our readers are already aware that Presi
dent Johnson's Cabinet is not a uuitfpn his
Southern restoration policy. Messrs. Stan
tOn, Speed and Harlan belong to the radi
I cal republican wing of the old republican party.
Washington correspondents of the Northern
. press state, with sonic positiveness, that ?i
change will be made soon in tho Cabinet?the
aboVe named members going out. Others
will bo appointed, whoso opinions coincides
with those of the President. Whilst we do
not take much interest in the1 struggles for
office North, we tiro pleased with any changes
which * promise improvement of our present
'The Richmond Bulletin says: It has
pleased God to bless the Southern States ivith
the most abundant and woudcrful corn crop
ever known, and wo ar?, therefore, saved from
oil danger of -fantino and suffering for want of
food. No contingency of drought, hail or
storm can now injure that great Southern crop
for man or beast."
Arrested,?Rishop \ay, of Arkansas, a rcf
. ugco in North Carolina, has been arrested and
aenl to Washington. . ...
?' - ?., .?.. ?' ' ?' ?'.?? ?v. ...,?
. .: .J . j . . SfgSf! i -- ?.
Gov- Kerry's Message to the Convention.
This iutorestiug Stato paper, somewhat
?eugthy, comes to hand top late for its inser
tion this week. Tho Message furnishos to the
peoplo a full and lucid account of tho present
condition of the State, its uceils, and of his
administration generally. It is an able, fear
less paper?patriotio in tone, of generous tem
per, and fine diction.
The Message wil^appcar next week.
Our Commercial Condition
The Charleston News gives the following
apparently accurate account of the commer
cial prostration of South Carolina during tho
It will not bo surprising to our readers, in
and out of this State, to learn that we have
suffered ;reatly from the recent war. Of
$15,000,000 in bank stock all is lost. . Of
$5,000,000 bills in circulation the market val
ue is not more than twenty per cent. Of
three insurance companies neither can contin^
uc busiuc^s. Of $20,000,000 in railroads no
dividends can be expected. Of five thousand
bouses in Charleston fiftecu hundred have
been,burned, and others almost irreparably
damaged. Of estates of decedents andini-,
nors, and of property in litigation, four-fifths
arc represented by Confederato securities,
and are therefore valueless. Of our many
merchants, lately of large capital and unblem
ished credit, few have assets to pay tiro small
debts against them at the beginning of the
war. Of the many kirge and valuable estates
in Beaufort district and the adjacent islands,
all have been abandoned, and many have been
sold for taxes. Of the large cotton estates
still further from tho seaboard,^ many have
been desolated. Of the cotton on hand at tho
beginning, and raised during the war (amount
ing in value to at least $20,000,Q00,) the,
larger portion Imi > been taken or destroyed.?
Of the stock, horses, hogs, cattle, farming im
plements, utensils and furniture and silver
ware, all but an inconsiderable amount have
been consumed, destroyed or takeu. Of the
money iu the hands of our citizens at the oom>
mencement of the war, or accruing from the
sale of property, or the practice of professions*
or tho payment of debts, all has been invested
in securities, of which nine-tenths have ,no
possible value. Of the debts uncollectcd, few
arc' expected to be paid. Of the funds of
churches, colleges, charitable institutions nnd
societies, all also, or nc irly nil, have been
sunk. Of the lands of the State not held
; by the government, little has any market val
ue. Into this awful gulf of ruin has also been
swept the value of* four hundred thousand
slaves^ estimated a few years since at $2,000,
000. And thus, therefore, of the 3400,000,
000 worth of property in the State in 1800.
but little more than #50,000,000 now remains.
It must be confessed th:U, although consid
able activity is manifested, and many of the
old citizens have returned and re-opened their
former plaecs'of business, a joi\g time must
elapse before the city can be placed, in a bus
iness, point of view, where it was before the
war. The emancipation act not only destroyed
the immense capital invested in slaves, but
seriously "damaged all. branches of business by
destroying the security of nearly.eVcry form of
investment; bonds, mortgages,'bank stock, in
dividual notes?all were dependent, more or'
less, upon tile cotton and rice crops of the
planters and the i4 inevitable nigger." The
sudden emancipation of the,latter set all the
rest tumbling like bricks in a row. The
State, indeed, resembles a vast wreck. Some
thing valuable may possibly be saved by time
and labor ; but, at present, it is a mere ma'ss
of broken spars and shattered timbers. When
the debris is cleared off, and the killed and
wounded disposed of, something maybe done.
At present, even the cxtoutof the destruction
is hardly realized.
Fruiting.?Tho war between Brazil ano1
Paraguay continues, with much hurd^fighting
??mostly to the detriment oT the Paraguayans *
The Brazilians arc too "heavy" for their
gallant little enemy.
Killed?A collision occurrod between two
trains below Chattanooga on the 30th which
demolished both nnd killed several persons.
Colored.?The number of colored persons
iu the U. S. before the war, was 4,111,7 0.
'^ '11- 1 " ' % -'- ? ??!'-'-.-- 1-."1 1
Tl?is body assembled ut Columbia or. the
1?l4L ?natiini'' ? ntn.U.. ?.? 1. .1) ?!/.> -1.
of tu?t city.
Quito a number of tho Representativo mon
of tho State bavo scats in the Convention.?
CoK Ork, Judge Waup?j?Wj Gen. MoGow
an, F. J. Mosis, Chancellor Jnglis, C. D.
Melton, Ex-Gov. Sickens, C. W. Dudley,
Geu. , ?ol. Farrow, Col. Daw
On tho first day, over ono hundred mem
bers answered to their names.
On the assembling of the'Convention, Coi.
Moses of Suiter, was called to the chair,
and Messrs. J. II. Norwood and F. W. Mc
Mastku appointed temporary Secretaries.
Two ballots were then had for permanent
President, when* Judge Wardlaw was elect
od'over Mr. C. W. dudley, by majority of
tWojity votes. . ? .
On motion of ,Col. Orr, a committee of
vrco was appointed to wait on Gov. Peury
a?d inform him that tho Convention was,or
iauizetl. Having performed that duty, the
Committee informed the Convention that Gov.
I^erry would communicate with them on the
following dny. ' * 7
Three propositions, of no great importance,
were introduced respectively by Mr. Ai.niucn,
Ex.-Gov. Pickens and Chancellor ?NOUS.
The two first were ordered to lie on the table,
and the last continued for further considera
There is apparently some divergence of
opinion amongst the members of the Conven
On the 14th, the President of the Conven
tion appointed Col. John T. Sloan, Clerk;
W. C. McGreoor, Messenger; and James
Gov. Perry sent in Message No 1 to the
Resolutions and Ordinances were introduced
Col. Orr introduced the following r?solvi
ons., which wore ordered to bo referred to
t inappropriate Standing Committees, when
bppoiutcd : '
jO... Tho.election of .Governorshall bo made
I y tin? people. ?
2.,That he shall be re-eligible.
8. That he shall he invested with a quali
f 2d veto upon tho Legislation of the General
I. That tho ba????^??)|rCsentation in the
l oubO of Uepre.s?i%(iyt?1.l?'h?\ 11 bo the white
ppulntion of the
5. That the tnin?b^t'?|?niembcrs composing
tie House shall b?ii^fod.^t one .hundred.
(3. That tho basMw,^epresent;itiun in the
!" mate shall bej)ti|i^|4|^ijually ?pon wl^ite pop
i.ation and tajcqfct?u'^ each judi
c al district 'pliajl. tie entitled to at leust one
7. That the number of Senators shall,,
? iced at forty.
8. That the Lteutenant-G over nor filiali'
officio President of tho Senate.
?). That the Judges and Chancellors shall
bfe appointed by tho (lo^ernor, subject to. the
clnfirniatiou of tho
?0. That the SccretaVjr of/???l?V.Coii 1 pt.rol 1
ej-Gcner?l und ?Vcasurcr 'ehwiPSreleeted by
II. ThatthclifetriotOiT?corstowit: ?ldrk,
?criflf, Ordinary, ComuiissioncrMn Equity
d Tax Collector, shall be elected by the
opio in their respective Districts.
12. That slnvcry, except as a punishment,
fjr crime, after due conviction,, is forever pro
bited in this State. ?'
18. That nil elections by tho Legislature
siali be made viva voce., and tho name of-the
lumber and the person voted for recorded.
committee has been appointed to memo
ri li/.e President Johnson to extend executive
el money to Jefferson Davis, Gov. Magrath
G 0. ?V Tronholm and .*II. Stephens.
)n the 15th, the President announced the
fo o.wing Standing Commit tecs :
\\roy,i a?il Mean*?Messrs. Furman, Kee
na , MoDuflie, Dunovant, W. M. Martin,
Jo nson, Williams.
1 int in ?Messrs. Lee, Carlisle, T. J. Good
wy , Moblcy, Stewart.
b. r.c)itivQ Department?Messrs. Orr; Con
nci AHrich, F. W. Pickcus, McMhster, Rc
utt !, Simqnton. ?
c. r/islative Department?Messrs. Inglis,
Ri<i, McGownu, Roycc, McTver, Andrews,
W. . Wallace. .
.ufficiai Department'.?Messrs. Lcsosnc,
Fi t it, Moses, Thomson, Do/.icr, Campbell,
. mendments to Constitution not included
in lAovc-^Messrs. Dudley, Farrow, Hemp
hil Friorson, Macbeth, Robertson, Hearst;
C'dinances and Resolutions?Messrs. Daw
kinL Sullivan, ^ Hammond, Portov, Rlack,
Wilsuiitb, Summer. *
E - . PicUens oftercd au Ordinanoo r<A'L
pealing ti e ordinance of Secession, Chicli \
adopted. Von?. 105. Nays. ?; the n;;yi
w^eiO Mc4rs. Aldrioh, Brabham and Whot-jj
stono) of ] larnwoll district.'
A nuni>or : of ordinances and resolutions^
we?o offerti and referred by members. ? .
On mot?n of Q??. Orr, the Convention pro-!
eeeded. to lie consideration of Messolo No. 1;
of tho Geernpr, which had been nuide '.tho
Special ?* cr of the Bay, for this day, ut one v
o'clock, p. n. j
Col. On introduced the following resolu
tions ; \yhi(h wcro agreed to : .
JtesolvflA That so much of tho Message of
his Excelldiey, Gov. Terry, as relates to tlio
abolition oj slavery in this State, to tho Treas
ury Depart? iont, and to tho offices of Secretary
ofnState nu Surveyor-Genera^ bo referred to
tho " Comi littocs on the General Articles of
the Constit tion."
.Resolved That'so much as relates to the
basis Of rc jrcscntation in the Senate,, tho
Parish Syst in, the mattor'of suffrage, to vo:'
ting viott veo in elections by the Legislature,
and to the ejection of members of the.Legisla,
ture at an ejrly day, be referred to Ilio "Com.
mitten on tl# Legislative Department of the
Constit utioti" ; ??
Resol oaiyihnt so muchas relates to tin
election of (^pvcrnor by the people, to tho ap
pointment . District officers; by the Governor!
and to the ottico of Lieutcnant-Govcrnor, U
referred to tjfc " Committee on the Ksccutiv?
Department t? the Constitution."
Rrsolvc?t, Chat so much as relates to tlnj
election of Pi isidentiul Electors by tbo Legi?
latore, and t< the Lcgfelative^Exoeutiv^ an
Judicial Acti of. the State since its seccssim
be referred tc the " Connuittce on Ordinance
fasohvd, That so much .as relates to thi
sitting of thofaourt of Appeals exclusively ii
Columbia, bo referred to the " Committee 00.
the Judicial ijepartfnent of the Constitutiou.i
Rcaolocjl, And that so muoh os relater? tjf
defraying the/expenses bf the Convention, U
referred to tlie "Committee on W$ys ai
On the iClli, Col. Orr introduced an Drd
najicc to divide Ptpkens District into ty|o ehi
tion aitd Judicial Districts. 9
Judge; Invest, of Charleston, introduce^?
resolution, w'nioh was referred to the rc^ui*
I Committee, authorizing and requesting \
j Provisional Governor to appoint an i'pnt? >
I proceed to'Washington, whose duty Usivi
be to represent the interests of the State; a 1
give aid co fhfc etipzens thereof in seeking \
Mr. Macbeth, of Charleston, introduced a
resolution permitting colored persons and ne
groes to testify,in all the Courts of this Stjito
in all eases where the rights of persons, or? of
property of such persons are concerned, ile
ferrod to the Judiciary Conimittco,?
Various resolutions, inspecting the r?cifs
of the war, the changes thereby effected; tore
introduced, several Bills of Bights and ampd
nicnts to the Constitu? ion, all of which fere*
referred to appropriate Committees,
Col. Onu is one of ^ie ruling^pirjtpie'Jthe
Convention. ' .? *
little editor of the Columbia " Phcoi|x,"
faking of the Conventioiij .says:
JJfpPiie proceedings of the Conventioi
PrTiursday last, were of considerable int
to tho auditor. r\ sharp skirmishiug d< ato
took place, upon the introduction of\yi\ oty ?;
of resolutions-fron? Mr. Orr and :ot.hcrs for
the.appointment of tho several cqmmiftc ,.in
which that gentleman,'Judge Frost, Mr lu
gei, Mr. McGowan and Others took par and
the. debate was urged with commendabl?>Kt'
it. Mr. linger liindp ;i highly paseionafland
characteristic speech, showing .the oldjnan
eloquent still, though bearing the wei<|t of
nearly eighty winters. Mr. Orr was, fjusu
al, earnest, vehement and forcible. Wrnad "*
not thb good fortune to be present at tl.nic
ment when the other gentlemen had thjloor,
but wo learn that tlio speech of JudgofWt .
was warm and effective. , The debnte,
er, was not a legitimate one, .being do
and rather out of rule, as*antipipntivo
inesft, yet to be developed through tl
mittees. The members severally scoi
be unpolitical\y eager at showing thoiuands.
1 his skirmisl????gat the out-pustaiguosi
I longer campaign, wo apprehend, tl * tho
j members themselves expected,??V t the
pleasant public will relish.
The proceedings of the Convention Fri
day, were so far importan?'as that tin inclu
ded the rescinding of the ordinance;(i scces
sion by nearly unanimous voto. Af
is a sad commentary upon the fy?i$ei
fortunes of the people by whom tno|
act was phssed. It is not 'for us to
upon it now^ It is susceptible of mu
commenting, and wo should be pre
note it, could this bo. of any avail for
of our people. Sundry sets of
have been introduced by'mombers dl
business of the day, and the Rubjectjwen; of
'frequent debate, in whiol) vMcssrs'.Jh
Frost, Tillman, Conner and*others, jig
Tho progress of the CouveritiOn,is' is?y--por
haps too much su.. Th? tirsi qucstieji?; what