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' . . THOMPSON, Editor. *
. A. Thompson, W. . Holeonibe,Il. Young,
PROPRIETORS. , j ? ;
* , * (?'~ *
TERMS?Ono Dollar and Twenty-Avo Cents
for six montile, in ad vaneo. Provision also takpn
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quent nnortion, cash or provision. .
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utes of Rospo?t, Communications of a personal
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. JflgJ* Job Printing oxocuted with neatness and
despateh, for cash or provision.
. J8??y Nooessity pomp?is us to adhcro strictly to
ibo requirement of oash payment. I?,
gMMW?it????w^jw??wo>??n??Ma?Miiiii il * inm?i? ?
PICKE??S C. IL, S. C:
??^- - -:
Saturday Morning, October 14, 1865.
afe - ' 1? ?
wON. JAMES L. ORR,
f 'of anderson.
. FOR LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR :
HON WM- D. PORTER,
OF CHARLESTON. '
Messrs. John B. Sitton, Rowland &
Knaufe, Pendleton ; Dr. Norman and D.
; BlEMANN, Walhalla, will act as Agents for
the Coierie)'; receiving subscriptions cither in
cash or provision. So, likewise, will Post-,
masters generally. .
Wo have made arrangements to have the
paper delivered regularly at Pendleton, Wal-,
halla, and on the Railroad.
Subscriptions will^be reoeiptod through our
Persons receiving late 'papers will confer a
favor by loaning them to us. ?
Hon. J. P. Reed, of Anderson, is a candi
date for Cortgross from this Congressional
District.' Col. Farrow, Col. Asiimore, and
Moj. Bollino? uw.also, candidates.
Geb. McGowAN and Geo. >. T?Llman,
Esq., are candidates for Congress in the 3d
District. ? .
?EneXs Hunter, a citizen of this District,
was killed on Friday night, the 6th .instant.
He was shot, we learn, by one or inoro per
sons. , Further particulars of this affair are
unknown, to us*
We again call attention to the Proclamation
"of Gov. Perry, which authorizes oach Dis
trict to organizo one or mQro companies of
Militia for polioo purposes. This force is to
bo. auxiliary to the garrisons, and must supply
their places when they loavc.thc country; We
conceive it to be a matter of importance, and
trust that some of our public*spirited citizens
will get up a squad of some twenty or more
persons iu each battalion, and then form a
Company. Quiet prevails now, butit may be
different when the garrisons are removed.
/ The Press.
The prdss of tlio State is again unfolding its
"sheets, and prcpari?gUbr tbc duties which
fate has dcorecd for us."*' 4
The Ncwberry Herald comes to' us thi&
week greatly oulargcd and otherwise improved,1
and bears tlib,inipress of prosperity. * *\
Our j'exchange list is very* limited. The
Newberry Herald, Anderson Intelligencer,
Abbeville Press, and Groenvillc Mountaineer,
are all tbat wo now receive. Wh?ro is tho
Phoenix, Charleston Courier, and. other ac
ceptable State papers ?
Owing to the financial straights to which a
' majority of the Southern pcopl^ hayo'found
themselves reduced now that the war is ended,
.to their want'of information in regard to tho
requirements of tjio Internal Rqvenue tiaws,
and for other reasons, tlio Scorotary of tho
Treasury has ;prdorod that all articles in the
lately rebellious Suites which can bo shown to
have been manufactured boforoJbhe establish
ment of tho collection districtlu which they
.arc found, shall be>f?co from the present ns
' sesamont'or collection of tax, unless transport
ed beyond the State limits.
, Breaking Ground.
The ' tusi for tho -Legislature is neatly
over. Ih Anderson, ten candidates are an
nounced for the House, to wit ; Messrs, tVv
H. Thesoott, Jas. A. Hoyt, W. B. Miu
wee, ?. S. Mattison, T. Jrl. Kus?veIl, if.
W. Nonius, Jr., A. T. Broyles, B. p. Cray
ton, R. N. Wilmut, KiJJAif Weub.
Col. .TiiEscoTT, in, his letter of acooptanoe,
snysi ' That where it is the duty of the-Leg
islature to maintain with tho most sorupulous
'care tho publioand private credit of the State,
aud" to impress upon our people the vital ne
cessity to their existence as a society of? a sa
cred respcot for tho obligation of cofttraots,
yet it is equally, the duty of tho legislature in
the present impoverished and distressed con
dition of tho people to take care that justice
is not abused into oppression .and to provide
tluit the collection of debts sha?* bo mado^grad
ually,' and with duo regard .both to the claim
of the creditor and tho condition and necessi
ty of tho debtor.
The Future of, the Emancipated Negro.
The flood tide of emigration which o?ft*
stantly rolls from Eupo^e to Ameri?a, s/iys the 1
Louisvillo Courtc)\ will press tli? negro befor? '
it as it did tho Indian. The surplus popula
tion of Northern towns also will pour into tho
South. The poor will come in seatoh of labor,
those of small oapital will coin e to better their
condition and tho capitalist -will come to in
vest. In a few years our population will bo
trebled and white labor will abound. I .
The negroes will move southward, until
within thirty years they will be as scarce hero
as they are in tho Northern States now. . And
why ? Becauso the Southern people will be
unkind and prejudiced against them ? No.
But because now that they are free, wo shall
become as careless about them as the North
men arcj.aud when we find it to our interest
to employ whites t? perform the meuial ser
vice they have been performing, with an oyo
to self-interest, we shal| not be slow to do it.
If pressed.back, it will not be the Southern,,
but the Northern people aiui Europe that will
do it. They will leavo becauso the superior
and moro energetic whites will take their
places ; aud as t(iey own no part of the soil,
!u* -Mon jiR.ili^nanjAoi^?n^
will begin to disappear. \? negro prospered
physically and increased in number as a slave;
but with this, tide of white emigration press
ing forward as the result of his being frccd,
wo do not believe he can now.
Already wc hoar that th? intelligence offices
will bo able to furnish white servants for faro-'
ilice who wish them; iu .North Carolina, and
uo doubt by tho first of January next it will
bo as easy to.^et any'kind pf white" holn"
that may be desired, in thnt'Sfyte, as in Balti
more or New York.' And when this becomes
to be tho caso,, anpj the people who have to
hire, find that one Irish or German woman
o?n do the labor ?f two negro women, like the
people 0/ the North they will give the prefer
ence. If the negro is driven out, .as we be-.
Hove he will bo ultimately, it will not be on
account of persecution by tho former owners,
but by the floooV ef. emigration which had
pressed slavery before it. before" the war began,
from Massachusetts to Marylaad.
If the negro-would remain here as an infe
rior, not demanu'too much, and perform for
reasonable compensation the labor the country
must-have, hp might' stay this volume of im
migration to some extent; Jbut if he listens to
the few fanatics who preach political and so
cial equality to him, and aspires to govern,
rather than be govorned, the tide will press
forward and ongulph him. Leave, finally, to
make room foK the firm tread -of tho white'
man, wc Relieve ho must, but he. may prolong
his stay by good behavior and industry. .Th?
same Anglo-Saxon that has pressed him out
of the Northern States is now applying for
that place he has hitherto occupied here, and
unless he can render his labor as valuublo and
his presence as acceptable to tho owners Of thQ
soil as the moro energetic pale-face, ho m?y
take up his bed and walk. , ?'?.? ;
Intelligent negro.es will do well to, consider
One of tho evidences of tho sad deoay of
correct and nioral sentiment jn this country is
to be seen in the/ largo number of divorces
granted by the courts-, and the disgraceful,
moans resorted to pVoouro thein,\^A* New
York cotomporary states that a " c?ivtojrbo lawT
yer" o?, that city has made forty thqusauu
dollars in fifteen months by managing such
cases; that)?40 divorces hftvo been granted
by the Supremo Court during tWpast yoar,
and that they are going on at a rate of atiouti
a dozen a' week, . , . v
.:?]??,;?jJ? u *
Open:-r--The; College at ]}uo West, ?. C./
is. now op?n. i
?I , Southerners in Washington.
The general deportment of Southerners in
?/Woflhington is thus set'forth in a letter to the
New York Worldi It will be been their bear
ing is suoli as characterizes a high-toned chiv?<
al roue people : , ?y?jfc * ^
' Serious, w itli an air of resignation in their
faces, which does not exclude vivacity, digni
fied^ without haughtiness, reserved but not
taciturn, tho prodigal children of tho Union
c?in? baok homo, if not entirely 'converted,,
with the best,intention at least to bo faithful
to their pledge, and to live in peace .with the
government. The liotel at Whioh I put up
Was filled with families from tho South, com
ing here with tho avowed intoution of obtain
ing tlieir pardon from tho President. The*
men looked gravo, the women sud ; tho chil
dren surprised and almost' bewildered to seo
themselves in suoli aplace. Most of those I
saw were in mourning. At breakfast or din
ner they ate solemnly and^?nmst without ex
changing a word. It was evident, from their
manners that thoy belonged to what was for
merly called.the aristr?cracy of the South -?
Their manners were easy and simple, Without
any mixture of stiffness and -constraint which
you meet witti^so frequently among upstarts. .
Cool, reserved and modest, they speak very
little, go straight-forward to their busiues3
without looking either to the right or to the
left, like people who are iu haste to leave the
city, or go home.
In the President's ante-room, whoro I met
several, and^tnong them a few members of
the Confederate Congress, they stood in cor
ners or out of doors, with a ri?wspaper in
their .hands, communicating with no .one, and
acting pretty nearly as if they were' prisoners
ot war, and had lost the right of speaking
their minds. Tho ladies copy and even ex
aggerate the reserve of the men. They re
main mofb of the time confined to their rooms,
never go .down to the parlor, and* when they
leave the hotel, which is ve/y St?y?j it is fot a
visit to some fri'ends, or to exobango civilities
with Southern families in so?ie other hotel.
The only timo I saw Southern . ladies depart
from their, silent aud reserved^atti'tudc was
of their sons and lrusbanas: > Ot) that occasion
their timidity vanished j they beoamo-bold,
and, with true eloquence, tried to awakeu thc
sympathies of tho Chief Magistrate. The im
passibility of tho Prcsidont and his apparent
coolness did not.seem to make them flinch;
they renewed their entreaties with greatorspir
it and force, and did not leave the ground un
til they had either carried their point or hoped
to carry it. '
The Convention and President Johnson
On Thursday evening, says the Greenville'
M?untwineer, the mails brought*to hand tho
following telegram to His Excellency Gover
nor PeriIy, in roferenco to the proceedings of
the. late Stato Con volition : )'
> 's . Washington, Sept. 29th, 1865.
Gov. . F'. PfciiRY : I thank you for your
djspatoh of the 28th inst. I have to congrat
ulate your Convention upon its harmonious
.and Successful amendments of the Constitu
tion * It affords great satisfaction here to all
who favor a speedy restoration 'of all tho
States in tho Union. Let this work go on,
and wo will soon bo once\nore united, a pros
perous and a happy people, forgetting the past,
looking with confidence to a prosperous and
. " President U, S,
Presrytery^?TliC' South Carolina Pres
bytery was in session at Newbprry, on tho
29th ult. Rov. S. S. Gaillard, Moderator.
The ne^t ineetiug of Prasbytery will beat
Greenwood, 0., on Thursday before tho 3d
Sabbath in April,-1866.
Cotton.?Tho price of this staple has fal
len considerably. The movement commeuced
.. ?--*.?? -,?^?
Great Fires.?-Three thousand buildings
have been burnt at Constantinople?loss, ma
ny millions. A terrible conflagration recent
ly swept over tho city of Augusta, Maine.?
A fire broke out in New York city, on tho
18th ult., destroying 03,OOO#OO worth of
????- -t=^z???^?.. ,, ?. , .
MAllIUKD, on feunday morning, 8th instant, .at
,tbo house of tho bride's father, by L. N. Romns,
Ksq./^MK'CHAIILIW DURHAM, of Anderson, to
Misa M Alt Y ANN UUIULVM, of Piokcua. <
'\ '? '?'" : ". '. ''" .?'' ? .?'' '?? '' \,
Of the 4th Congressional District of^ South
Car ;na, consisting ?f the Judicial Districts,
of Anderson, Pickeps, Greenville, Spartan
burg, La?rens, Uuifb, York and Chester.
Fellow Citizens t I have, after inuoh
hesitation, at the instanoe of a number of
frieuds for whose opinion nod wishes I ent r
tnin gieat respect, consented to becoino a can
didate, to represent you in the Congress of the -
United States.' The election will probably * \
take place about the' piddle of November, and
as the time is vory, short, and the District very
large, it would bo quit? impossible for me to
see, and make myself personally known to a^
majority of you, even I considered ijbnoc-W
cssary.oiF-propor.'to resort to the ancient'mode
of electioneering. But I take it fpr girante!)
that in the present condition *ok the. cou?t y,
personal importunity for ^osifcioh; would, wilh
the intelligent voters of the mountain District
of South Carolina, be as distasteful, ?s mere ,.
personal influence and friendship would bo
unavailing. That laying all pprs?wd consid
erations asido, each voter of tho District, ,in vr
this day of his coup try's tribulation, Wf )I, on
approaching the .ballot-box and depositing his
vQte, bo governed exclusively by the judg
ment he may form of tho ability of the party
whom he seeks to invest with office, to dia- '
charge the great duties that will devolve upon
him. Entertaining these views, distrustful or ..
my own ability, but willing to submit myself ,
to the judgment of those whom offer to rep
resent, it would bo aliko inconsistent with, my
sense of propriety, and degrading to my fopl- ,
inga as a patrjot, looking alone, if I know my-,
self, to the restoration and prosperity of my
country, to hunt^yoii down at yonr residences,
in tho social ? circle, or elsewhero iu detail, ?
with personal importunity for your suffragos.
I therefore taK .his method of announcing ?
myself, and retipootfully solicit your favorable
consideration, with tho assurance that if hon- *
ored with your choice, what^or ability I pos
sess will be devoted with untiring energy a^nd j?
industry to your service. I would not, how- ,/
ever, be understood "as ignoring the duty of f
the enndidato to mix with and make himself '
'known to those"whom he offers ?> represent..
-Ojv.*4i^c?ntrajfy,Jtu8 tho moro^tlesi
^SSL ??cde of incoomfilistang .tuft$ ? bbjs^i^^;
prcsent, to meet you at certain times unti v .
places, of Whioh notice is annexed below, for
the purpose of making myself known to you \
personally and politically, and taking cpunsef
with you in relation to the groat interests of
our country. I earnestly and respectfully iu
vite as many of tho citizens of the. respective ?
Districts, as can mako it con.voni?nt, to meet
me at the places iudioated, where I proposo *
to address you and devolope ' fully my views
end Opinions touching the politioal condition
of the country, andrehe best mode of restoring
our now prostrate commonwealth to her an
cient prosperity, glory and fenoWn.
I have the honor-to be^ respectfully, your
obedient^ervant, J. P. HEED.
1 propose to address the people at tho fol- '
lowing times and places. Other appointments
will be made hereafter, if practicable :
Chester Court House, Wednesday, O?t. 18.
Yorkville, Thursday, October 10.
- Uni?n Court House, .Monday, Cetebe? 23. ?.,
Cross Keys, Union District, Tuesday, Oc
tober 24. . ' df
Laurens Court House, Wednesday, Oot. 25.'
Woodruff'?. Spartanburg District, Thws
rlnxr *?1> .. Ol? ' ^
Spartanburg Court Houso, Friday, Oct. 27. ? \
Greenville Court Hquso, Saturday Oct. 28.
i Walhalla, Monday, October 30.
Pickons Court House, Tuesday, Qpt^'Bl:
Pendleton,-Wednesday, "November 1. '.' :
Anderson, Thursday, November 2?
BSr TIic friends of Hon. '05V
respectfully announce hiui a Candidat?
for a soat in tho Congress of the United States, ?t
the next eleotion. ' *
Oot ober 12, 18?6 '6? tf
_ ;-?-1-!-U r
Letter of Acceptance.- "*>
[Prom tho GreenvUte Mountaineer.) .
GREENVILLE, S. C, October'2, 18G?,
ajr. Editor: l'ara indebted to tho kindness of ? .
a some friend or. friends for a very flattering nomi- '' '
nation, coutainod in your issuo of tho %thultirao,
to a scat in tho Unitod Statos Congress. *I aooept '
tho nomination, am grateful for the support prom
ised, and, if elooted, will do my duty.
Very lleapectfully, * r \ '
? JOHN J>. 8 E. '/
H@r TIm? Fr?gide of Coli John I>.
ASHMOHE^ospectfuliy announce him aoandidato ; '
for a soat in tho Congress of tho United States, at . ? '
tho ensuing eleotion. 0
. Oot 2,. 1805 : ' 4 tf