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ROB'T. A. THOMPSON, Editor.
. A. Thompson, W.H. Holoorabc R. Young,
?? ?.1 - ' " i "7~
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PICONS C. IL, S. C:
Saturday Horning, Ootober 28, 1866.
Messrs. John B. SittoN, Rowland &
Knaupf, Pendleton* Dr. Norman and I).
Biemann, Walhalla, will act as Agents for
' the Courier; receiving subscriptions cither in
cash or provision. So, likewise, will* Post
' masters generally. . ?
We have made arrangements to have the
paper delivered regularly at Pcnd^ton, Wal
halla, and on the Railroad.
Subscriptions will be receipted through our
Persons receiving late papers will confer a
favor by - loaning..them to us. *
The Congressional Election. % '
Hon. Samuel McAliley, of Chester* an
nounces himself a candidate for Congress from
the 4th Congressional district. He declares
? that he was opposed to secession, but, when
the war broke out, he stood up manfully for his
;eection. He declines to canvass the district.
li It will be recollected that Mr. 'Reed will
address the public at this place on Tuesday
next. It is probable, that other candidates
will also be present.
Col. Farrow^ has been pardoned by the
President* ?. 1
Internal Revenue Guide
\Ve have reoeived a copy of the " Internal
Revenue Guide," prepared by. Col. C. J. j?r,
ford. It contains an abstract of the tax laws
of the United States, which makes it of intcr
est to the tax-payer at the present time. G.
, E. Elford, publisher :. price, fifty cents.
Orecnvilro, S. G. w
The late Convention, by ordinance con
vened the Legislature, in extra session, on
"Wednesday last. This was necessary?
'; 1, To order an election for members of the
Congress of the United States.
2. To elect United States Senators.
3. To organize " District Courts," as pro
vided by Article III, section 1, of tue Con
stitution of the State.
^There arc other matters of grave importance
? to come before our legislators, cither at the
extra or regular session. Prominent among
thede wili be the status of the white and black
races; th$ indebtedness, both of the State
and'its citizens, and the mode* of payment j
police regulations, for preserving order and
enforcing rig?jfcr the laws; the banks, their
condition, anoThe currency the rc-organi/.a
- ?ion of t,hp militia ; offices, officers,. and sala
ries j taxation; together with a varioty of
other subjects made prominent by tho disas
trous -revolution out of wh'ich \\\c country has
just emerged, almost entirely shorn of life,
liberty, and property/
7 We aliali endeavor, from tifie to time, to
give our views upon some or all of these enn
trolfing questions of the day. \
& The President has released from prison, otf'
parole, John A. Campbell, of Alabama;
John H. Reagan, of Texas ; Alex.' H.'Stk
jtyENS,<of Georgia; Oeoiige A.-T'eenholm,
of /.South Carolina; and ?x-Gov. Charles
/A , of Mississippi.' Their parole corv
haw thorn to their (respcoUVe States.
' ?he President has also pardoned nearly ov
<tery member of t^e late State Convexi?n of
..''.UJM . . " -.- * '!' .. ' . Li).
The Provisional Governor
The correspondence in another column, be
t t?yon Gov. Perry and the Secretary of State,
leads to the conclusion that the Provisional
Government of the State will continuo for a
longer period than was anticipated. We fear
that the restlessness! and disquietude of a few
persons in the State contribute'to this end.
Tho continuation of Gov. Perry as Provision
al Governor longer tha?? December, <wi/' de
prive the Stato of hisservioOs as United States
Senator. His commanding iuflueuCTj in that
position, atJWashingtou, On the assembling of
the Federal Congress, will, we fear, not only
bo a great loss to South Carolina, but to the
country at large. -
The impression gains ground daily that ?
ly unobjectionable* l?yal men will bo permit
ted to take seats in Congress. Wisdom eu
joins upon us, therefore, the selection of suoli
men for Senators and Represeu/tativea in 'that
body as will ?nduoe 'te; the pacification atid
prosperity of the country; and as will also
strengthen the hands of President Johnson
in his laudable worfcof restoring the Southern
States to their appropriate places in the Un
toli of the States. Any other'course Will be
suicidal in the extreme.
, We give below such return? of the election
as have coipc to haftd.
Nothing definite is known in relation to the
election for Governor : \ :
Anderson.?Senator : John Wilson. Rep
rescntatives : 15. F. Cray ton, lt. N. Wright,
T. H. Russell, W. U. Treeoot&'
1 Greenville.?Senator : G.- F. Townee1.?f
Representatives : W. II. Perry, J. II. Good
win, H. P. Hammett, W. P. Pric?.
*. vl?>?cvi7//?.--Scnator ; Thos. Thomson.-jr
ltcpreschtativcs : \ A. C. Haskell, J*. W.
Hearst, W. A. Leo, R. A. Fair, D. W,
Spartanhurg.?Senator: J. Winemith.
Representatives : J. W. Carlyle, A. 13. Wood
ruff, D. R. Duncan) ?abriel Cannon, A. Cope
land. , [*"?''
. Falrficld.?Senator: John Bratton.^Utcp
rescntatives : W. J. Aistop, J. R. A>Wph,
J. E. Elkin. \ ; ,\
The Division of Picken s.
The following.Petition" will be Nciroulatcd'
for signatures, and then presented to tho Leg
islature : ? j
To the Honorable the Members of the Senate
and House of Roprcson tati ves :
The humble Petition of the undersigned;
citizens of the District of Tickens, respectful
ly showeth f,o your Honorable body : That
the District of Pickens comprises, as is well
known to your Honorable body, an #area ex
tending from the Sajuda to the Tugaloo River,
a distance of sixty mh?e&, and from tho An
derson line to the North Carolina line, a dis
tance of forty ,e? ; and contains a popu
lation, according to tho last Stato c?usus, ex
ceeding 20,000, less thnu'6,000 of whom are
blacks : That the body of Mije population
i resides on the Tugaloo and Saluda, and tho
streams flowing respectively into those llivcri;
and that, to reach the Court House, the mais
of the citizens must travel from fifteen
thirty miles, crossing, for the greater length.
I of thoir way, a continual succession of hills':
*That the village of Pickens contains onlyelcv
I en families, and no house of public entertain
ment ;t* so that, when the weary citizen has it
[ length toiled to the ?place, he must depend
upon the kindness or charity of the few per
sons, whose business as district officers com
pel them to'reside there, fora nights lodging
and food : That the country surrounding the
I Court House for many miles being extremely
broken ?nd barren, and incapable of supporlj
ing a village population of ? few hundred, thv
town cau never prospor or afford to the peo
ple of tho District the advantages of a central
place of trado i That, in the opinion of ymitj
Petitioners, were tlm District divided by tho
line of the Keowce Rivery into two Judicial
Districts, a flourishing town in the midst of a
fertile and populous region woutd spring up
in each, which would g?vc new impetus "to
the enterprise, and greatly promote the con
venience, 'prosperity and happiness of the
Therefore, your Petitioners respectfully
pray, that your Honorable. body will nsidci?
their interest, and divide the said District in
to two Judicial and Eleotioo districts. ,4
' And your Petitioners,, as in duty bound,
will ever pray, and.so forth.
J5@*~ It is announced, for the information
of the public, that the tratos on the South
Carolina Railroad, are now rutiping to fj. Hop
kins' Depot," twelve milj& Wow Columbia.
-'?* ' '"" r'-t"'-j
. ?. .' ' i . i
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. The Situation.
The sudden aud entire change-in the labo$
system of the South, says the "Phconix,"
renderti the situation her people are called to
accept one qCgrave. responsibility, and attend
ed with more serious difficulties than any ^hey*
haveiiad yet to*oucour.ter. Still \t must be
accepted Cordialjy, honestly and loyally, with
out reserve or hesitation, by all who desire to
see the country rostorcd to poaoe and prosper-,
ity. Under, the n?w order of things; wo find
ourselves' surrounded by a busy c^wd. All
have work?to do and duties to perform, which,
although new to most of us,ipustbe done n^d'
performed ' with singleness of. purpose and
hearty devotion to a work of such paramount
importance as the reconstruction of a free
Government.* ' ?
It is not inappropriate to remark hero, that
wo of' South Carolina have had more to do
with politics in the past tha'u was either profit
able or advantageous to our interestsas a peo
ple'. It will b? a long time before wo fan be
dragged again into political complications or
party feuds. And it is eminently proper and
wise to abjure for thy present party or politi
cal organizations, only selecting for our suf
frages our best, wisest an. most experienced
men for,the various' positions which it is nec
essary to fill to complete the work of organi
zing our Government. Place in the Congress,
in the Legislature, in the Executive and all
other civil offices, men to whom yon can con
fide your greatest interests ; aiid having done
this*, you may apply ^ourselves unfettered and
unencumbered to the great work you have to
accomplish both for yourselves and your pos
Whatever might have beqn the early appre
hensions of our people on tho acco3sion of the
present Chief Magistrate of the United States,
wo may frankly say.that they are iot now en
tertained?that the policy of the President,
so far as it has been developed; and his official
acts to the present time, have inspired the
people of the S?uth with confidence in his
patriotism and honesty of purpose. So far,
he has a right to claim the approval and sup
port of the people of the- Southern States iu
the conning contest* which \ti\ almost certain
'lie. wffi nave with the restless spirit of radical-1
ism. To,this extent, then, onr ?people may
patriotipally go, and?must feel a deep interest
in the\result of'the struugle between wj%e
^conservatism aud rampant fanaticism. In all
other political issues, they have but little in
terest, and we have* no doubt they will turn*
to'tlie cultivation of their lauds, the building
up*of their trade, commerce and manufac
tures, with an earnestness of purpose and a
cheerful devotion, that will leave little time
for political harangues or party caucussce.?
fhis is the'path of wisdom and of duty.
? Another New State.?In 1861, Colo
rado was organized as a Territory, and on the
6th of this., month the inhabitants thereof
adopted the Constitution proposed to them by
1i Convention ^assembled for that purpose.?
Application will he made at the^ensuing ses
sion of Congress^, for admittance, and, as an
enabling Aot has already been passed, Colo
rado will enter the American Union, ere the
year expires, as the tlfirty-seventh member $f
that sisterhood of States.* By tl^ Constitu
tion just adopted, the Legislature is to 'consist
of thirteen senators and twenty-six members
of the lower house, to be afterwards increased
as circumstances may require up to the niaxh
numi?thirty?sevcn senators andaeventy-cight
representux-lves. ^Colorado lies* just North of
New Mexico/- has Denver City as its capital,
?md theugb closely land-locked, bids fair to
wax great in population and fioh in well de
veloped resources. Some other of 'the-adja
cent Territories- arc, it is understood, also
fitting themselves fyr 'habilitation as States,
and, perhaps, some, now living will4 behold a
century of Sonatore at Washington, even as
Home Had Jicr August court of the Centum
\viri. ' . ' .-, ?.
f* ' -*?.-* -?
j1 mr Gov. Perry offers aVcward of $1,000
for the. apprehension of tho murdcrors of *the
i j three men belonging to *ibo Federal garrison
in Anderson. The oitizens of Anderson, iii
'public meeting assembled, likewise donounco
^thc assassins, and. condole the families of the
deceased soldiers. , '.'
The Republicans have^eurried Pennsylva
nia and Ohio in the laic dtectioni.. '
n o-iJ? A isr isr a-s.
Mt?kT' The schedule on tho Blue lUdg6lla.il-?
road has been changed. Hereafter the oars
will* leave \Valhalla ou Tties^jays, Thursdays
and Saturdays at 11 O'clock, A.*'M. .. Leave
Anderson, same days, on the ^arrival of the
train from' Belton. ' .,'
Safe.?Wo are pleased to learn, from a
card published by/Wm. . Hunt, Esq., Sec
retary of Slate, that the rooords of tho State
have been by bim preserved, in tact, and are
now in his official possession.
Help for the South.?Wo see it stated
iu a New York journal, says the " Phoenix,"
that an association has been organized in that
city, Under 'the' title of the u Southern Heal
Estate and Emigratjon Company," who?c ob
ject is to^introduce capital, mechanical skill,
aud emigration into tho Southern S.tates,?
Capital, mechanical skill, and labor, arc all
necessary to aid the. South in the. work of re
cuperation, and it is4o be desired that every*
honest and honorable effort in that direction?!
will meet with success All such enterprises'
should receive the? encouragement of our peo
ple, for tho reason that our prosperity depeuds
on the success of such movements.
A " mountain of "'silver,"1 oratali events
a mountain containing vast quantities of the
metal, has been discovered in the new Stete
of Nevada. Its name1 is Sifter Peak, it is
east of San Francisco and about 70 miles south
of Austin, and 12 immensely rieh lodes have
already been opened. The whole of "Nevada
is rich in silver, ' but this particular spot will,
it is believed, produce more than any mines
yet discovered. Close to the peak is an ex
'tinct crater, near it a vast deposit, of salt,
with sight a hill of pure sulphur, and around
an endless stony desert, the whole^sceue sug
gesting strongly the picture which Milton
drew of hell. -
_ o ? ;
Destruction of Recouds.?A'corrospon
dent of the Charleston " Courier," says :?
" The late struggle has unquestionably* en tail
ep upon us and our posterity a long train Of
ovils. We are only enteringupon the thresh
?h\ of ? penal oxpor?cncct w\uc|i w^^*p*o
tr/ictod into coming yqifrs. ; The loss4of pub
lic records off the State-may be otysjed among
irreparable disasters. In this particular,
South Carolina has, greatly suffered. 'Jlie
State records and other papers of importance
are gone fqrever. Some of the districts-'?
Clarendon, for example?have had the entire
cofitonte of the district offices destroyed. Ti
tlc8,,deeds,- wills, judgments and decrees','have
disappeared in the flames of war.. How march
of confusion, how much qf litigation*, how
much of perplexing embarrassment'^ ?nd,
perhaps, of injustice and fraud, may not all
Ifi.'uv// iW(if/fi,? letter passed through
the New York Post Office, last week,. Areni
ftp Francisco for Dresden, Prussia, the-post
age upon which was ?1,720.40. , ?
It is said that a proposition will b*f made
at the approaching session of the Loaisinnn
Legislature, to pension the surviving married
soldiers of- t?i?t State whose physical disabildi
ties were incurred dnring the late war..
A Colored Mail Contractor.?Roberti.
Orrick a colored man has received the con>
tract to oonvey the mails 'between* Leesbnrg
and Winchester, Va.; at?>525 per year. He
is said to be the first colored nwwv that ever
received a contract of the kind.
Jackson,. Miss. Sept. 29,-7-?ov. Sh'arftey
to-day issued a proclamation-?teepting the
proposition of Obi. Thomas, Assistant Com
missioner of the Frccdmen's^frtycau of Mis
sissippi, transferring ?Jic riglit of trying all!
cases in which the rights of fro&?raeri arc in
volved from |hc Froedmen's Bureau to the
civil authority, upon condition that the Pro
visional Government of that State will, taig?/
for thoir mode of procedure' the laws now ny
force, except so far ?s those Jaws ?mako dis
tinction on account of color. The negroes are
also to bo protected in person and property.
They can be sued and have tho right to 8u*e.
They aro also to be competent witnesses ac^
cording to tho laws of Cvioonce.
Tho " News," jn an editorial, denounces
the act as an ?ncr?aohmehi upon th^e .rights
of the whites, oud eays^lt will he repudiated
by the?people. . * .?$$,.