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PI CK KN S 0. II.,* S. C., SATUlt|^
? i i ' ? fr.? ..' fe V . i ? ... l 1 . .. .
JJY K. A. THOMPSON & CO.] .
[VOL.. I-NO, Hi
J VARIE TY.
; From Europe.
Thi following article from the London
?? V Tunes " will interest our readers : -
''? It is very much tobe regretted that Hie
American Government, having successfully
.' brought to Conclusion tho great war in which
it has been engaged, and having decided on
; a policy in regard to thq.South full of magna
nimity and conciliation, and calculated, if any
thing can, to heal tho wounds left behind it
by tho Into fearful struggle, should not have
* buried thematehet aUoget'hey. On her West,
the great ftepublio is still engaged in a fearful
conflict with the T.ndians, and on the East her
Minster is directed to" stir up fresh elements
of strife^ and revive controversies which it
' eau serve no good purpose to renew. Opinion
has boen divided in- this country on thc mer
its of the American quarrel; hut we,ure all
unanimous in wishing every success to the
wow ?rddr of things, *ud in desiring to see
, " thc United States, since they arc to form a
Vi?$lo confederacy,**linke?! together in the
bonds of sincere .friendship and good will,
among each other, and hying on thc host-of
\ijjr terms with tho remainder of thc world.- Had
'..;,'Pb; this country berni actuated hy a hundredth
* part of the animosity of which American pa
pers continually accuse her, she would hav
taken a very diiTercntcour.se from that which'
?he has adopted.
Wcrcgrot exceedingly that thc Government
. of .America has thought ht to bring forwrtjd
. > these claims, (demands for losses caused hy
the depredations of t-he Alabama, a Confeder
* >^te cruiser,) but we think there cannot be for
'vii moment a doubt as to'thc answer they should
receive. To yield to such demand would be
. nuc? undefined liabilities, against which no
? . prudence and.no good intentions can guaran
tee them. If such* .demands >as these ace to
. be the ordinary r?sulta*ot the conclusion ?f a
war between I wo powerful States, it will profy;
?ftbly bo thought better by those against whom
they are sure to bo made, rather to take sides
ut once, nodally themselves to ono party or
j . tlife othor, than to place themselves in ? si til
' nt ion .so humiliating ns that wliiiih a neutral
would henceforth* fill. Wo cannot, of course,
toll in what spirit the Government of the'
v United States is disposed to receive the final
?nd deliberate ref osad of the British Govern
ment to entertain ir? any shape the claims
tjioy pwt forward. We "can only say, on our
part, that we are quite sure our Government
may depend npon tho support of the nation
"in maihtainjng the position it luis taken up.
If tho American Government is determined
to seek a quarrel with us, as weil this demand
as.any other. We*cannot have one on which
?Ur right is clearer and our position more un
questionable. If it i's not,, we shalljlave saved
ourselves, by thc finn- stand Wc i*ro^now ma
king, froio a great degradation, and vindicated
for thc benefit of all mankind that neutral po-.
'? sitron'so seldom- occupied by Great Britain in
thie Wara of the past., and so often, WQ trust,
to be hers in the wars of tue fuiiue.
Tho ravages of the cholera'continue. In
Pans, the deaths from thc pest are estimated
. at two hundred a dhy; in Madrid five hun
dred. lt was also- spreading into Portugal.*'
A second great fire occurred nt.(Constanti
nople on-theijth Sepl Over 1,000 houses
. and shops weiJo dostroye.d,
The Loudon1 ." 17 hvtiernationul'' publishes
.n letter from Colorado. Jowett to .President'
cTohnspn, with au editorial endorsement. Mr.
Jowett urges a- g?nerai1 amnesty* to? include
?Jeff. /Davis, his Cabinet, and all prominent
, Southern *statesmea; tile restoration lof thc
habeas corpus; a constitutional Southern rop
. resontatipn in the coming'Congress; non-iri
. torferenec with France in .Mexican affairs, and
* arbitration of tho differences- with Englaiul.
?. '.. . : '^.?^^i-? <
/ . GF.ttMA>i IMMIGRATION.-The, New Yofk
' Directors of .thc Gem?an -Im-^gration Society
. report; that during'thc post month 20,006 cni
, . grants' wore landed at Oastb; Garden; of whom
10,687 wore Germans, fljuring the same po
nod of,last year, 6,8l? Gorman, immigraut?
wore lu tidied at the same place.. The whole
. ?inni?gratiortyik New rorie sin?e\fehe*lst Junu:
nry, a.uiounted!fto lGf,???l?T persons, of win m
'*? 69,81.?'. were Gormans. During the same pe
riod of Kant year; the whole immigration at tho
aamc-porfr nmo'irniod bo 100,4?(j persons, $
L ' j whom 17^ wtVo Grinaus. "
What the South Needs
Gov. Perry, in his admirable message, has
touched upon a matter which must, nolens
uolcns, be. seriously considered by thc people
ol' thc Southern States and Of South Carolina.
Wo'alUme to the following paragraph s
" It should be thc prido of . every farmer j
and planter in the State to raise, grow or make ?
every thins; whiph he uses or needs. Slavery
has been abolished, and lubov made more hon
orable as well as more necessary. They who
have he roto loni spent Their lives in case and
i die ii ess" will be* forced to work. Planting
and thc learned professions are no longer the
(Tnly honorable means pf livelihood for our
young-men. They must become tradesmen,'
manufacturers, artisans or mechanics. Immi
gration of industrious foreigners must be eu-,
cournged. Then nuurafactures'will spring up,
com moree will revive, and we shall become an
This is plain and sensible talk to thc peo
ple. \Vhnt we want now is icorker's in ovcrjt
department of industry-in ,the field, in tho
work-sl?op, in the manufactory, and .in thc
cou ti ti n?- house. The radical change in -our?
system of labor will not now permit any gen
tlemen, idlers or unproductive loafers.- If
the earth yields her increase to any remuner
ative extent, it must bo by hard licks and un
tiring energy on''thc,part of her people; if'
wc wish to advance'our mechanical interest*,
owe young men nnfst nbfrbe. ashamed to go
into thc workshops and IcaVn'somc useful
tra^e, and in every other department of thc
groat work of developing ?ur resources and
repairing our shattered fortunes, it is workers
-cirnost, faithful workers-that are needed.
llevetofor?, iii'this State, our young in cn
from our colleges and schools crowded into
the loamed professions, .the result, of which
was that numbers of them never got praetieo
.CniAtglTto s?pfi?ft. theirtJSoiU UviVs\irfntt.o\if^t<'
imy other business, they too"often," instead of
being a*c'tive producers, become a burden upon
Uioii/frieuda and an iucubus upon t\ys indus
trial energies of society. Now everything is
changed; much of our property that constitu
ted our wealth, and all of it whioh formed nul
labor system, has been, swept away as' in tho
twinkling of Bri eye;'and if thee is any other
way to resuscitate our! resources- and bring
baek prosperity to Hie hindi other than by
untiring 'efforts and steadfast'la bor, we cannot'
see it. There is work now for all wl*o arc
.here, and for all who may come among us for
a quarter of a century to borne. Let each,
therefore, go at it with steadfastness of qfiur*
po.Wand with a .determination t*.succeed, and'
success will come.- Columbia J'/toni?c.
I ? -- .
EXPORTS, COTTON, kc.-We leam from
the New York Times, of thc 2d', that thc re
turns of export " clearances from the custom
hOU.SC, for t^ie wfcek ending on Tuesday event
ing, make up the extraordinary heavy aggre
gate of $(3,(308,407 in currency, or about one
hundred per cent, more than thc total for the
corresponding weejk of last year. Included in
the week's exports have becu 12,021 bales of
cotton, valued at ?8,523)785 in lawful monet
Of this amaunt 12,450 bales, of the currency
Valise of ?3,00J,440, were shipped to Liver-,
pool; 1,711 bales, valued at $489.808, t,i
Corfe, doubtless ffdr orders/ as the freight
brokers .phrase it; arid 1,43 bales, Valued at
$0$, to Havre. These enormous ship
ments of. domcstlio produce must favorably af
fect) our foreign trade balances, increase the
supply of exohaugo, lessen l.ne demand for
golfh and vastly aid the chief financial agent
of the Government in his commendable efforts
tb re?' >re thevnational fina neos? toa specie basis.
"-.JJ ?iriess in cotton at all tho shipping"ports
coutinucs q.uite vigorous. , At the port ofISf.
YoHf,the r?cents thus far.in /the. current
week have averaged 4,529 bales a da$*, mak
ing 119,0 4o biles since October!', against ex
ports of? 52,964 bales in the same tiino,'lcav-?
mg an estimated stb?k on hand and on ship
boa rd not cleared j of 155,000' bales, k
'' Thus far in the current cotton year,'bc
ginmirg Sept,. 1, thoreceipts at nil t)re slap
ping ports r'o&c'rC 800,000 bales, (including
200,000 bales' nt this port,) against exports of
l;|7,000 bales, including. 128,000 bales to
(? roatTirititio, 7,000 4|)alerf to Fra nco,' and 2,-'
000 bales, to Qthor foreign ports'. The estima
ted stock on hand and bu shipboard not clear
ed, shipping ports, at latest dates,, was
380,ooo bales.1' *' . ;
NOM: go to.haavcn but tihosc who? have a<
lastc' ror jt on c irth.'. V '.. ..
w , Erom Mexico. '?/ t - .
Ni/W ORIGANS, Oct.'30.*-Thc fiplit around
Matarnoras, on-tho 25th, histed for three hours.
Thc liberals wore successful in gaining a por
tion ?f tho wftrks, which, however-, were sub
sequently regained by the Imperialists. The
Liberals wc|e roughly handled and put to
fliglil?', closely pursued by thc Imperialists.
A ^Brownsville report says that tho Libera^
i?ost.fiyo h?ift?red in killed and. wounded. Thc
Impcrjaligts, had several wounded, but less
thar? a dozen men killed. One Liberal Gen
eral WnV ft il led. '
The steamer Yera Cruz, from Mexico, ar
rived nt New York on the 27th ult. The
-Lakeof Toxcueo, immediately adjoining the
City of Mexico, wa?, on the 5th of October,
with'ir? oho inch of the level of the city, and if
thc rfci'ns had continued a few hours longer a
great'destn?ction of property would haye re
sulted. / Tlve Emperor Maximilian and Em
pres3;:Wo??a'leavc'Ou a visit' to Yucatan Nov
ember > 5tY(,
The r3||V?ad^between Puebla and the City
of Mexico wit) 'be completed by the .first of
May hext. Over 4,000 laborers are employed
bu tlty railroad from' Yera Cruz,to Mexico.
A convoy from Guanajuato had arrived at
Mexico with $900,000 i'n silver.
A Cutious phenomena occurred in the val
ley of Mexico Oct. Gth. lnVjo large streams
of water burst suddenly from a mountain,
whicll, rf they do not diminish in yolumc,\vill
form ji considerable river.
Ai\ ex-rebel, named M itchell, "had rented a
plan&jtion in thc State oT San Luis Potosi,
and Would, plant 5,000 acres in cotton next
A? la il road train was plundered by robbers,
not fm from Yera Cruz, and an pincer and
njne'ijnm of a foreign legation,, captured. It
was, wlid that Marshal R?zame would dispatou
rages. ? \ r
Three hundred of Figucra's band are said1
to have boon routed by tho citizen soldiers of
Oajaca near that place, Oct. 24th,,killing 87,
aud capturing 68 prisoners. Seventy-eight
Austria us charged 400- of FigueraV band on
the 22d-.ult., and routed^thom, Tho loss of
the luttor was 50 killed and wounded.
Another account reports the Eastern por
tion of the City of Mexico submerged, and
that there is dunger of a total overflow pf thc
city. ? _;
SPEECH BY PRANK BLAIR.--Frank Blair
mude a characteristic speech at Holla, *Mo.,
one night last week. Ile statad that around
the works .of Vicksburg, wevo captured by
Grant, one hundred thousand .bales of cotton,
and turned over to thc 'Government, and not
a thousand bales of it ever were accounted for.
Ile said the Provost Marshals of the West
were a set of thieving plunderers generally,
and robbed the people and'swindled the gov
ernment.. He made bitter War upon Stanton ;
accused him of being an original traitor, and
said that Alex. JI. ^?phon?, the Y ice Prcsi- I
dent of the Southern Confederacy, was a loyal j
man-a more-loyal man than Stanton, Drake, I
fletcher, or any other radical ;. and th at,-when I
Stanton hindi Stephens .locked up, the good, |
loyal and true injin was inside, and the rascal j
and traitor upon tue outside. ? lie came down
lipon? the officers of -thc Western army with
one full swoop. Ile charged them \y?th all
sorts of corruption. '
TIIR CATTLE P?A??K IN ENGLAND.-Thc
United States Consul at Manchester,* Eng
land, m : f'.?g t'o the- State Department under
date of -October. 17, reports that as yet there
is no abatement^ tho plague among the oat
tle, which is mainly confined to horned cattle;
hilt it has in a few instances bro* n ou^ wit/H
great violence in flocks of sheepi As there*
is dagger that the disease may be transmitted
lo America, he suggests that thCimportatioiv
?f'fore?gu* stock bc for tho present prohib? tedi'
By the importation of hides fr??l llijssia the
disease is by immy supposed to!havc boen in
A ??)OJ) story is told of a professor of xeli
giou, at whoso house an itinorantypreachcr' was
passing t1ie night; who, wben bed^imo camo^
and famjly prayer was suggested') a searching j
for a J?ible, finally produced a couplo Pf torn j
leaves of tho good book, "with the remark, - ?"I .
didn't kuow 1 was jo ueur out of Bibles.".
:> " '.'ititi < ' ?
Lkfi AT THE G'ItAVE OF JACKSON.-X? J
correspondent; of the New York "Daily News,"
writing from- Lexington, Ya., gi vi ng-souie ac
count of *tho place and" its attraction^ sa^ys :
Lut tho greatctt attraction fo the visitor to*.
^L-axington, ?nijt, indeed, tho Mecca fo which,,
in years to come, many pilgrims will resort) is
the graVe of "Stonewall" Jackson/' Last ?
Sabbath afternoon, the burial of a member of
thc Order attracted to thc beautiful cemetery
of thc town a long procession of Odd Fellows,
and an immense crowd of citizens,-and 1 Went,
thujt I might avail myself of t^e opportunity'.
of Visiting tho grave of ?the great chief whom'
1 had so often followed to victory. No stone
marks the'spot, which is indicated svinpiy Hy
a staff, uponv;*hich thc Confederate flag once ;
floated ; but the wreath of flowers, Haid by fair
hands on the gravoj and kept fresh by daily
additions, isa ii? emblem of the place t,hc hero*
holds in the memory and affections of tho'
people of the South. As long as* truc^greati-.
ness/hogor, purity of character, and deep
toned piety aro esteemed, Jackson'will-pot be*
forgotten., 1 was told, that immediately on1
his arrival iu Lexington, to assumo his place;
in tko Washington* College, Gen. Lee paid a;''
visit to the grave of "Jackson, and' lingered for
a long tifne around the hallowed spot. Lee
af. the grave of Jackson, wouiU'forni p picture
wlfich a master han(J might delight to paint".
-Al-'Aiu ??iT.-T-Thc N. Y. Express; thus^
photographs the radicul republicans : "?f Had*
icalism could only leam te cook its own eggs,
boil its own pot, mend its-own clothes, and let
other people's pots, and egg's, _.id clothes
I alone, wc'could live in a peaceful, happy andi
contented country ; but the real live radical' T
i will bv?il in? everybody's pot, cook every body '?l
eg?cs, and' mend everybody's .clothes, taking
j all the eggs, pots und clothes, however, as his .
.GEORGIA CONVENTION.-In the- Georgia*
Convention, on thet?d, ordinances were adop
ted to pay members, to declare it the duty- of" *
tho Legislature tb' provide for the widows and'
orphans otGcorgia- soldiers and disabled' sol--,
diers, and to ratify the-acts of guardians, trus-*
tees, &o.,.during the wa^.- A resolution was-*
adopted asking the Provisional. Governor tc* -
order the formation of one ogmore companies
of militia in each county, under thc approval
of the President. ,'? . ' . *
Co M MEN DAIMA"..-\Yq understand that a
family of several ladies residing in this city, .
. have beon1 supported for some months by their
servants, formerly their slaves. The ladies
^werc formerly wealthy, but lost everything by
the war, and now these servants take this ,
commendable w*ay of showing.their affection
Mid veneration for their late owners. It is1
stated thai thone ladies never knew what they
1 were to have on their table, but that tlirqugh
> the ??tro and attention of these servant's they
ih'.vo never suffered.- Columbia JJhomx.'
# ' -~*
* AEKXA'NDEW II. RIVERS, of-Charlottesville,
says that .he wa? informed by Secretary Se
ward that he wished to make peace botwoep?
thc North and the South ; that, as to the test
oath, if he had been in Congress ht; should^
not ha\;e voted for it ; b,ut,( said he, the oath,
is a law, and any Congressional district in the*
South ff had better sind an idiot or a-child to?
Congress who can' take it>j. thau to scad a wise*
man who cannot."
The New York llerald-snys tllcrtri?- a move-- ?
! nient on foot to overthrow the ?British mou
jjrohy, and- establish a republic in ittrsfVad, to- \
be called the republic di1 Great Britiutai
Genera]? Saxton writes to N?ew Yorl? from?
Charleston^ that 35,000' blankets w.ilbbe need
1 cd this winter in ijfyuth Carolina, Georgia, anoY'
the sea islands, for protecting refugees/froed
meiij.&o. .'?*?' 'I
THE MasonichVu?Amiity, of Columbia, havo*
chosen "Wm. Gilmoro Si in uni and Robt? Bruns,,
commissioners, to reprisent to their Northern'
brethren the prostrate condition of the Lodges
in that oiby, and- tc elicit funds? for. rebuild*
TiiKRWaro forty-live-'blacks on Vifth Ave- t.
?ue,; N^iW'A'ork, and'three hundred, and forty 4
residoncesi With thc exception of some cheap
and ol?-fashioned shani?es-far up, toward th?
park, thoro is dot a house, on tho entirc ar<\- '
nuc, that coat.les*than 932.000?* . '
rn . -\- . . % i .?' -. ??M.