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title: 'Keowee courier. (Pickens Court House, S.C.) 1849-current, December 16, 1865, Image 1',
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.BY IU A.' THOMPSON & CO.] (i , . V .,; PIGK1$NS 0, H., S. ?.,/SATLWAY, DEQ?MM?I IQ, 18J55/ \ * [VOL, I-^-?O.' 14\
MESSAGE OF GOV. ORR. ' ,
.?RXKCUTIVJB DEPARTMENT SO. CA., V^
Deoember 5, 1865. j ,
Gentlemen .of tke-SenWe ai)d House of Rep
' . reientatives :
t li u my duty to " recommend to your con
. eideration such measures as I. shall judge nec
$ osiary or expedient" 'lvhe mc?sagcs of the
Provisional Governor, at your special and rog-,
ular sessions, have brought to your attention
many of the subjects meriting your consid?ra
tion at tue prcsont time. Some,, however,
ihave not been noticed, and others, in my
judgment aro of sufficient importance to bo
reitortitcd.. .>. $ t v j?; ...j
' s Tho pcople'of the State aro not in a condi
tion' to pay tho'usual taxes herotofifro collected^
'und bonce the ^occsaitj of omitting all appro
$r iati?uswhich the efficient .administration. Of
the Government does not imporiousfy require.
The Annual -apnropri?tidns for Free Sonools
and for tho "Military Aoftdon?y, should be sus
?poiided mt thc next year, And tho appropria
tion^ for the College, for Public Buildings, for
Contingent Accounts 'and Claims, materially
reduced. Rut, with all the economy that can1
bo praofciood to keen your State Government*
f). in op?ration, it will require QUoh a^sum to(
/ meet necessary expenditures, es will be>op^
prcssive on thc people to raison ? TJi? Courts
. ??an?ot bo opened if your Judges fail to rcoejve
, f their Salaries. . Thc funotioiis of tli? Legisla^
tivo ?nd Executive Departments, of tho Gov
ernment eau not bc por formed, if their pay is
* withheld When you shall have de^orn?inod
?the amount you intend to appropriate for tl?n
?fisoal yearj how cnn tholiuonoy bo raided to
meet it? It must bo done by taxation or
f low?: ^hc-ttnfmtstou? ' ^xxt?wft^^
. ' tiro plaoed, prcoludes thc hope that any loau
?tin'be ofFoctod without ruinous loss. I? this
' is tr.ue4 then our only, resource is taxation.
The Treasury is empty, and taxes will not
be paid into it before tho first of June. How
is your Government to bc kept in operation
' : u.ntil'that tiurc ? 1 recommend that the Treas
urer be authorized to issue certificates bf in
t debtodntas, payable to bearer and receivable
? in payment of* all ?State taxes. ! These certifi
cates will be'taken by the creditors of thc
8t?te, and will preserve their par value, if tjhc
? issue <is Kmitca ,to oue half of the taxes to bo
-, levied. Ry imposing this limitation, tl.b pub
' Hie ls effectually protected against a redundan
cy in the issi^p, and its redemption is certainly
recured during tho fiscal year.
All the direct tax due thc Government of
, thc'United States lias not yet been paid. Tho
flaws of Congress now prohibit thc State from
.easuming tho tax ; but I feel very confident
that tho same privilege will bc accorded to
$euth Carolina that has been enjoyed by most
.?ftho States of tho^Union. ?, therefore, re
commend that Congress be memorialized by
the. Legislature, so to modify the existing ??w
?ft will enable the State to assume' thc.tax,
and that th? Secretary of' the Treasury bc re
quested to, suKpond the collection of tho samo
until Congress in c. y have time to confider tile
; application. Yow can pr?vido by law, at your
present session, that in the event thc privilege
is'granted tho State, that thc Governor be au
. thorned to consummate tho arrangement with
^ ..th? Treasury ,/Department nt Washington.
And, in thi.fr connection, 1 may bring lu your
/'attention the condition <of the lands on and
near tho sen-Hoard*, whc.ro this direct ta^ has
been collected By sales unoVer the various Acts
<if Congress. Much of. tho land in that seo
tion has been sold at enormous 'sacrifices, and
is infinitely niore valuable in amount than ?the
whole tax; and, if general statuments aro to
bo'trusted, yfyose sales have realized for tho
General Government nearly the whole amount
of tho direct tax apportioned to this State, and
that* too, without taking into consideration
tho v?bi? of tlie lands purchased.or resorved'
by the Govommcnt itself. These fnots should,
rtuiiii'k;, bo- brought to the attention of the
. (^ejnment by tho fiction bf tho Legislature,
atwtne1 executive authorized, < if. possible, far
effect with tho Gmjeral Government some amo
'w liorntton of tin? enormous and ruinous saorifiW
y- wh?eh has thus be?n imposed upon a portioU
' X>f tho citizens of tho State.
- Tho dxbaustod condition of tho country,
an,dtho completo prostration of our finances,
. j require that dobtors should .bo still further
' protected by partially staying tho collcotion of
j debts. , It would bc wisc (o recast tho existing
Iftw upon the subject, an 1 provide that tin
creditor should Jiavo tho privilege of sujnghii
debtor to judgment, ,BO that ii lien upon hii
property may be secured A that tho^lntcres
.and a part of the principie sh?uM be collect?e
Annually; that tho whole sum nu.7 be collect
ci when thc debtor attempts fraudulently oi
clandestinely tb remove or diapose of bia prop
erty; that tho law should not apply to debt!
contracted after its ?paseage,^ nor should air?
indulgence bo given in oases of trespass or foi
torts to person or property committed befow
.or after tho passage of the Act..
Serious, inconveniences often result f rou
the difficulty and delay in securing charter)
for railroad, manufacturing, ruining and o?hci
companies, intoi/ded to develop tho wealth anc
resources of the State. Much time ?9 noces
sarlly consumed in.tho consideration of cad
application, and tjho.statutd book is encumber
.?d with these numerous, acts of incorporation
f,To fjioilitato the formation of all companies
where mon aro willing to .venture their meam
to develop the industry, wealth,' prosperity
and resources of tho Stato, I'recommend th<
-passago of a general act of incorporation, anc
when its provisions arfe' complied' v^tt?h, thai
tho subscribers to tho capital stock be deolarcc
? body politic.
. By Act of the General Assembly, in 1837
vhc ?tate lent its credit to .s?c?re a loan foi
thoTiouisville, Cincinnati and Charleston Jlail
road (Company, pledging the faith and fpiidi
?of.the Stato to thc faithful performance of the
contract.." The bonds, amounting to twe
millions of dollars, were issued and endorsed
and Will fall duo. tho first of Ja mia ry next.
Thc Company oaunot poy tho boijds, and th(
'State is unable, at the present time, to make
good the endorsement.. # J.t is Relieved tlijij
tho prinoipal. bond-holders .arc willi ng^toje*
"rend thc dbbt for t won ty years - fandet-,** t itt.
State will renew lier guaranty., Thc Stat(
has a statutory mortgage on the road, and up
on its renewal, I re?ommcnd that authority
be given thc Comptroller-General, or tin
Treasurer, to renew thc endorsement of th?
new bondsj that may be required to liquidate
the old bonds. No increased Hab?y on 'thc
part of tho State will bo incurred, and wo ning
reasonably anticipate that, within the next
twenty years, the Conipanycao paythe bonds,
.principal arid interest, and save Jjie State
harmless on its guaranty.
Icomiyunicate herewith a resolution of thc
Board of Trustees of the SoutlrCairolina Col
lege, recommending that the College be con
verted into a University. ' I heartily concur
in. the propriety of the proposed erningeh By
adding to the present professorships schoota
for tho study of law, medicine and modern
languages, a thorough scientific, classical and
professional oducation may bo obtained hythe
I yening men of the State. The increased num
ber of student? which it will attract will make
j the university noar'y selksuppc/rting j and
witb an appropriation of seven hundred and
fifty, .dollars'tb each of nino professors, this
venerable, .apd much revered institution may
be conti lineal ll would be approach if sn cn
an inconsiderable sum was refused, and thc
alma mater of McDufhe, Harper, Preston,;
Lc?arc, O'Neill and Pettigrew penujtted to
pass away.a.nd perish. : '
I also reoouiincnd that tho I3oard of Visit
ors of th/2 Military Academy bc authorized to
ohaugo its organization, and, if possible; con?
ti if ile it a self-supporting institution. The'
building in Charleston is adapted to the pur
pose, and cannot bo well appropriated t?.any
othor object. Its occupation would, to a great
extent, preserve thoNpropcrty from waste and
destruction. With a competent corps of in
structors, a praotical education cou lr] bo se
cured in ^lessTimo. and at less cost than in
other collegiate institution^, and the. military
feature in its'organization'would sccuro tho
habit of discipline s?'essentTal tosucoess ingall
the pursuits pf after life. ^
I am'informed ?(hat there is a quantity of
property of various'descriptions belonging to
tho Stato, in different localities, which, is was't
ing Or* being appropriated to their own UFC by
individuals, vin tho general wreck his much
should1 be Saved as possible; and such articles
as may ndt hereafter bo rieedod by tho..Stato
should bo collected abd sold, and tho proceeds
paid into tho Treasury. * An agent sjicjuld be
appointed, .With full authority to take posses
sion of nil'such public property, and sell tho
same. Where property has been approfiyintod
by individuals, the oftent should bo authorised
to comprouiis.o#with them j and if he ?anijot
ifetiatc^a just Settlements that io Jriatitufce
stitt; in fije uame of tho State, ?gainj?t tfao
tre^pass'?r- iii wbich\acii?? J*o stay ?f CJ?C?I?
%>? on j?dglneut should bo']ljt?li?w|t???de
I?n.aant. 4 l?iis. agent, should bo coniponsa,ted
exclusively by commissions on all amounts
w?$mi moy '450 paid int? the, Treasury.
''..fcVo.u have: bjbeii diligentlyiemploy^,' sine?
ycytr meeting, in maturing laws mr} gorgon -
i/,a?ion of tho militia' and for the reflation Pf
hK?t-rights.^nd duties of freedmen, nod I doubt}
no$Wrfc you will-perfect ypur legislation oh
tl'v?e subjc?ts before your adjournment. . '?uff
policy toward the freed*man . should behind
a^d'hnniano. It; his rights of perfton and
property aro hot fully an/jt oi?ectually secured
ov^mir looul l?gislation', wo cannot hope to be
relieved from the pr?sence of the Military and
p??$$t Courts. Tlio authorities pftlic TJui
t^u, States wi,li not remove their protecting
Jnind ??f?m thp negro whom tfipy have manu
m|j$ed/ and in wlfose freedom we hny? acqui
'es?pd;' until we pr?vido by o\iv laws to give
him full protection in. all ?m civil rights; Jriis
labor is neoessary for tho sucoessfuhprosceu
tiouof tho agrioulture of tho Stajto, and it will
befiie8(J. commanded by making'him cheerful
and'contciitt?jfl! ' ''. . ' .'.
J^omnieria to your favorable consideration
aj?p?ropriation? for the support of tho Lunatic
AtV; 'mn. i It is a^ noblooharjty, and the ener
gy ??pd solC-sncrinc?'of the Superintepdent for
thb$ust nine .months in niaintainiugy,. without
anyjVdbJic contribuions to its s?p??rfejr. the
inmates; entities bnfl to tho ptoud distinction
otya benpfaotor of his race. It'is high timo
tlrtn? thc b?rtHom should; bc taken from his
?bbmders and. placed tono? thp ?>va,r.?.
^^w.destitute condition of IH? tnct pauper's,
thpwilapidatipn pf, public buildings, .ano tho
O&Aro't and destruction-of roads and fridges,
?l^^tWb wH tito ^??UViet -B?aTds- ?hoiltd be
promptly and efficiently re-orgariized, and the
laws governing them rigidly enforced.
Jj AM KS L. omi.
WK have" been permitted to" publish tho
following telegram from,,Prcsident Johnson to
Provisional Governor Perry : * ?".
' WASHINGTON, NOV. *2t, 1866.
To Bi F. Perry, Provisional Governor : ;
I do not think it necessary for the members
elect,-for Soutli Carolina, to be present at the
organization of Congress, (pn thc contrary,
it will bo better,policy to. present their certifi
cates of election after the two houses ore or
ganized, which will thou be asimplo quostion,
under thc Constitution-, of the members taking
their scats."* Knob. house must judge, for it
self, the election /returns' and qualification of
its own members. As to whojt the two ho.usca
wijl do, in reference, to tho. oath, now required
to be taacn, before thc members elm taketheir
seals, js unknowL to me; and ? do not like
topf edict. But, upon the whole,. I am of
opinion that it would bc better, for. thc ques
tion to come up and be disposed of after tho
two.hPuse? have been organized. I hope that
your Legislature will adopt a code in refer
ence to freo persons,of*color that will bo ac-,
ceptnlplc.to the country, at tho sathctimc do
ingjustic'o to thc white and colored population.
ANDREW JOHNSON, President.
WASHINGTON, December 1.-The Presi
dent, to-night, received, the following de
.RALEIUH N. C., December I..
To tho President of thc United States :
Sir V The Legislature has ratified,-with but
six dissenting votos, the'Congressional amend
ment abolishing slavery. Five judges have'
been elected-fill gdbd selections, ^hreo of
my provisional .appointments, have been con-*
[Signed] v4W. W. HOLDEN,
N * 'Prpv?9?onal Goverhor.
W/VsniNOTtm, Novembor SO.-The Presi
dent-hos issued a -proclamation, restoring, the
writ of "habeas oorpus"* ini tho States and
Territories of. the United States, excepting
Virginia, Kbntucky, North Carolina,, South
/karolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Missis
sippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tonnessee, To'xas,
tho District of Columbia, and tho Territorios
of New Mexico and Arizona. .
NATIONAL BAMKS.-^-T?IO folio? ing Nation
al Banks aro reported to have failed. Our
readers aro1 cautioned against"recpivurjg them
nt present: I^rsf -Natjonnl fcBahk, of Now
York ; Attica' Bnnl?, New York j Syracuse,
N*ew York ; Hallowell, New York Bedford,
Maine j; Pittston, Pennsylvania.
, V. %Jtar?tion itt ?tossisBippl^ . 1
The i^jj^hVOirW: ?f'-'Mioioippl'^fjqe^tSMf
President J?hmxm to1 reniovo thc FodoifcP
troops from that; State. v the President rc
plied ?$ foi?owVV / '
s ? .' WASa?NOTofo/ ?or.- ll) 1665. . t
?fV'.'?j;,: H?t?pnr?ys; (Weifnor*ol???t, Joo?sofc,
MiiTC?ssipti:^ . ? ' ? > .
: The troops, will, be withdrawer from BJissis
sipjd when, in tho o^nic?pf the (roverrimerj?y^
peace and order and ?ho' oi^r.aiV|^c^?tyJi)^E?r
beftn festered, and can' hq ?t?m?jb?ined Wit??dui"'
?hom. ?lvcry step will be taken Ayl^ile they'
ate there to enforce' fttri(^^??i^li^lim sut*. '.
ordination to the civil authority.- ;':':^W_ '
There ftan be no other of greater as?ufanc?"' *
.trkjsn than hms herolpfore been on the'partof
\tlio ' President 0/Government.? There ii no*'
concession .required, on Ibo part of tho people '
of ,Mississippi or tho Legislator?.other 'than ai
'loyal comptiaiflcc with the laws and C?nstitti- ?
:tfnn Of frhe United States, and the adoption of
stich measures giving ^rOtectioifto all frceaV
'niOn or freemen, in person and property, with-?
out?regard to color, np Will e?title them tof^e
sume all their C?nsti tufton al' relations, in^ho
f?d?ral Uni?u. \ ' * ^
Tho people of.Mississippi may feel well as-*
su*ed Chat there is no deposition arbitrarily
on the part of t??o Government to dictate what
action should he had ; mit, on the1; contrary,
to.simply arid kit?dly , advise a policy that IR
believed willics?lt in restoring idl tho fela*
tious which sjiould :tj,Bt between thc States
composing thc t c Ifcal 'Uhion. *
It is hoped they will/eel and atfWoiate tho
suggestions tycfein ina?,??^?for theare offered" <
in that spitit which should yOtyado the bqsoin : ?
of all th?se who desire, peftco ana harmony and . .
a thorough restoration ot* the Union. ,
, l'Hcre ihusl bo con^Cu'ocilietwe?ti the Gov
ernment Arid the Sta^ajvitahile tho Govern
ment coufides in Jtho peopte> thc jbCople piost .
have faith in th ci Govern tn en L ' This must bo.
mutual and reciprocal, or all 'that has been
done will be thrown awayi <. .'?'.
jf President U? ^j?. ?j,
BORD DE^?ANCE.-The Anderson Iiitelli-*
gencer of the 7th says : " If thoth was any*'
thing wanting to convive (he people of this .
District that there are predatory ba ods, whose'
purpose is to set at defiance the regulations of
jpod society, we think the feceut numerous'
cases of stealing must have forced the conclu
sion,that it is unsafe tp leave ono's property
unprotected. Withinthe past Week, several
instances have come before us of parties who
have lost fine . horses by this lawless and des*
? perate n/?ans. Are not the citizens satisfied
that measures must be inaugurated to Afford
ample .protection to tho community, and ren
der it hazardous for these offenders against law
and order to execute their, nefarious designs ?
,We sinqerely trust that vigilance and spirit
will 'bo infused sufficiently to prevent a con
tinuance of this disgraceful stato of affairs. ..
Wi: regret to record thc demise of Thomas
J.>Kcolcb,'Esq., which occurred at Yprktille,
S. C., oh ^tooday, Nov. 26th. He wa? * '
practical philter, aud iliad.been long'conoec-.
ted with thc newspaper, picss of this State.
" FIRST National Rank of Charleston" has
boen established in that o?ty, and Andrew
Simouds^eiected President. \
' .-,-_ J> I
,A*FAIRSTN Sotrni AMERICA.-New Yoffc*
December *2.-Advices have been received
'from Rio ?Janeiro to thc 4th ?lt.ybrought \>y
thc steamship "Havana. This is the opening
fcof regular* ooinmuniosition, with Brazil by a
direct stoam mail' route. It was the confideat ^
expectation at Rio Jaiieito that tho war witta
Paraguay would soon be ovo?, the ?ate victo
ries of tho allied fprceA over the Paraguayans. 4 ;
Voing. regarded^, as dcoisive.* ?Tho la Pier, had
reopived another repulso at Corrientes. Prof.
Agassiz was, at. last accounts, following tko
upward course of the Amazon ftivcfc. Ho
hadi m.tfd? s?nio important scientific d?vicaer
les, having added to his Iht some sixty new (,.
species of ?ob. Tt waf the Impression nt Rio AI
Janeiro that there would bea largo immigra
tion, into Brazil ffouVthe United States, arid
tho Southern gontleiuon who had golf0 eui
with a view to arrange for colonization partiies, v - ,
had met with a Cordial welcome at the hamT
of tho public authorities.
* ' -^~
GKNKRAT? MCDOW?TX n?s boon 800^^0^ . .
ono hu,ndred^hou?and. dollars (br arbitrary ar
rests in California. j