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?TO THINE OWN SELF BK TUUE, AND IT MUST FOLLOW, AS THE
IIOB'T. A. THOMPSON & CO.
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PICKENS COURT HOUSE, S. C. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1801.
NIGHT THE DAY, THOU
. WEEP ! WEEP !
BY A LADY OF SAVANNAH.
Weep ! vreep ! for a fallen lnnd,
For a standard sheet laid, low ;
Freedom is lost! lot every hoart
Echo the note of woe !
Ye?, weep, ye soldiers weep!
'TwilCnot your manhood stain,
To mourn with grievous bitterness,
Honor aud valor slain.
Weep! friendless woman, weep!
, For tho golden days of yore ;
Fer the desolate homes, thc achiug hearts,
The lotcd ones now no moro.
Bravely they fought and well,
That noble hero band :
'Bravely they fought, and bravely they diod,
To save a suffering land.
Our Soulhern soil is red,
With the blood of many slain; .
Like sacrificial wine it fell,
But the sacrifice was vain. '
Peace smiles upon our land,
Oh, Cod ! that it should be
That poace should smile o'er freedom's grave,
And wo tho smiles should seo.
Lot Southern men now tako
. A long farcwoll of fame ;
Let Southern men bow mockly down
To tyranny and shame.
Croat God, that sUoh should live,
To hail thc fatal hour
That crushed freedom in the dust,
'Neath Northern hate and powor.
But many a patriot's heart
Yet thrills at the .wat-God's breath ;
W r'' Andmuny still^^wSSmWlWm^
For freedom 'till the death.
Weep! weep! but not for thoso
That lie beneath the sod;
* Forthey eternal pence have found
Around thc throne of God.
Peace ! Peace. ! 'Tis but a word,
A mockery in a name ;
Alas, oh God ! 'tis but thc wreath
That hides the tyrant's chain.
But if this must bo,
And freedom ne'er be WOP,
T^.n, Father, give us strength to say
Thy will on eartjt be done.
From the Charleston Courier.
The Declarations of the President
At a time like the present, when the mind
is anxiously revolving thc future of the conn
try, and when the fears ot uumy are excited
rr nether 'the end of a.constitutional Republic
is not drawing near, and a new character of
Government grown into existence, where thc
will of a majority of Congress will be the su
preme law, and where this will have no other
restriction, save its own exercise of authority,
itis gratifying to know that the hand nt thc
helm is firm and true"/and,that*the utters mes
of the President are for tho niaintainance of
the public liberty nnd the enjoyment by every
State of its full political rights and immunities.
His late assurance to the delegation who
visited him from the .Democratic party of
Pennsylvania, composed of the members of
the ?tate Executive Committee, cannot hut
, prove enf ineptly satisfactory. These gent le
inen offered to thc President their hearty sup
port amid tho present grave "and perplexing
state of affairs. A? ? p?irt of the voice of the
country, they had como to express iton behalf
of his policy of restoration, an .l to uphold his
hands and stand by his administration. Tho
President said, " If you como to nie tv pat ri
ots I feel I may count on the support you
offer, but if as partisans only, it is more doubt
ful, as I shall not swerve from my sense of
duty for pirty men or party, objects.'' He
then went on to explain his views of tho po
litical situation, in frank and eloquent torms,
nnd especially in reference to the plans of re
construction which ho had inaugurated.
lt may, therefore, be fnirly deduced tliat
tho Executive having adopted his sentiments
in referenoo to tho equality of thc States ns to
their rights of representation ns well as of leg
islation from the conviction of their constitu
tionality, 'and that thus alone can poaco bo
pormunontly attuned and the general welfare
promoted, has determined to cling fast to
theft ?f? thc sheet anchor of the Ship of State.
?$e is not to bc moved from his high mission,
or be shaken from thc, path of right " for par
ty ui?n," or be' made subservient to the ad
vancement of mere u party objects." lie if
not the leader of a faction, but the President
.and head of a common country. Ile stands ai
the representative of the Constitution. Ile
speaks not as a partisan, but as a patriot. Ile
has a great opportunity. What more glorious
work can there be than that of rescuing from
thc enemies of repose the Government of thc
country and placing it where alone it can rest
in security on thc foundations of the Consti
tution and the hearts and affections Of a united
and reconciled land ? ?
Thc difficulty is not with thc South. , It ii
with certain politicians and sections of thc
North. As has been truly said, "The South
is a thousand times moro willing to return ill
perfect good faith to the Union, than thc
North is to let them return to it. There is 0
thousand times more danger of future trouble
from the bad spirit and bad faith of some ol
the extremists of thc North, than there is from
the South "
This is apparent both by declarations nnd
acts. These ure the living, active enemies of
the public-weal. They are utterly opposed to
a perfectly restored Union. And just herein
consists the issuo, which cannot but be irre
concilable between the Executive and them
selves. It is a deliberate and intentional war
upon thc statcship of these Commonwealths,
and hence upon thc nature of our institutions,
which is now being ?carried on by. u party
men" for "party objects."
Mr'. Thaddeus Stevens who crnclcs his party
whip, and drives his adherents into the traces,
with the sime rigor and severity which it used
to be one of his favorite figures of speech lo
attribute to the land owners of the South, in
r?ferenco (to their slaves, before the late ses
sion of Congress an noun oed himself in op po?
sition to thc President, when he uttered these
words : " Restoration, therefore, will leave
thc Union as it was, a hideous idea."
We believe this idea of restoration, so " hid
eous" to Mr. Stevens and his coadjutors, has
its approval in the judgment of .a large major
ity of the whole people, and that when tho
I contest comes, that thesPresident and those
who sustain his measures will be overwhel
mingly endorsed by the country at large.
In a speech which President Johnson made
on thc 18th of April, 1865, ho said : " My
opinions as to the nature of popular govern
ment have long been cherished, and, consti
tuted as I am, it is now too late in lifo for tue
to change them. I believe that government
was made for man, not man for government."
Almut these words there is no mystery or
doubt. They are the affirmance of his here
tofore views, and a resolution to stand by tho
record of his past.
Ile was always'opposed to the radical senti
timeats in relation to, and plans for, the con
trol of the Government of tho country, lie
differed from the seceding States in this, that
.he deified the doctrine of secession, and
thought the battle ought to have been fought
out in thc Union, lint yet he had no sympa
thy with the sentimental and disorganizing
theories *:ht?h seek their practica] develop
ment in the subversion of every element of
right and justice.. We thus find that in his
memorable speech of December, I860, after
j declaring tlu't the Federal Government pos
sessed no sovereign power, that all its powers
were derivative and limited, and tinoso that
were not expressly granted were reserved to
thc States respectively, he says : " I tell our
'Northern friends that the constitutional guar
antees must be carried out; for the time ?nay
come when, after we have exhausted all hon
orable and fair means, if this Government
still fails to oxeoute tho laws and protect us
in our rights it will bo at an end. Gentle
men at the North need not deceive themselves
in that particular; but we intend to act in
thc Union, and under the Constitution', and
not out of it. We do not intend that you
shall, drive us out of this house that was reared
bv our fathers. It is our house, lt is tlio
constitutional' house. We have a right here,
and because you como forward and violate the
ordinances of this house we intend to eject
you from the building, and retain the posses
Whether it would have, been wisest for the
South, to have adopted this course, and con
tinued the contest in thc Union, it is useless,
now to speculate upon.
It is, however, fortunate for the Country,
fortunate for tho cause of regulated liberty,
ana of fundamental right, and for ?ho presor
vation of our institutions, that ho who is now
at the head of affairs has proclaimed himself
in favor of the Constitution as the only guide
and hope of the country.
There is but one mode of pence and harmo
ny. <l Let us have back a Lunion of co-equal
sister States, and let all Federal legislation be
for the benefit of every soetion alike, and let
enfch section mind its own business, in relation
to the internal affairs nud constitutional rights
of thc other, and then the compact will last in
repose forever. Such o Union wc believe to
be reattainable. God of mercy ! God of ?ter- j
nal justice ! put reason into our brains, put
humanity into our hearts, and cause us to re
turn to the paths of our fathers. They are
the paths of peace."
, From Washington.
WASHINGTON, January 23.-Thc House
resumed the\;onsideration of thc Constitution
al amendment fixing the basis of representa
Mr. Stevens wished to bring the House to
an immediate vote, but, was defeated by his
friends, who, not understanding tho exact
effect of the proposition, desired further^ time
for examin?t ion and debate.
A discussion of several hours duration en
sued, during which various amendments were
suggested, in order to prevent the Southern
States from cutting ofT the negroes from vo
ting, by requiring of them property, educa
tional or other qualifications.
The Renate was'engaged in the discussion
of thc bill to enlarge the powers of the Freed
man's Bureau. No vote taken.
WASHINGTON, January 24, 1866.-Tu the
Senate, Mr Wilson offered a joint resolution
to propose an amendment to the Constitution
prohibiting any payment by Congress for
?! u v .; f ? C f o v clo i> t s/ con t va o t 9 d \ n bob al ? -of t \ \o
rebellion, which was referred to the Judiciary
The Hill for the enlargement of the Freed
men's Bureau, was taken up and discussed
until thc adjournment.
Thc. House resumed the consideration of
tho proposed constitutional amendment fixing
the basis of representation. A new amend
ment was offered proposing to apportion the
representation according to the basis of voting
population. No vote was'taken. The Hill
in relation to negro testimony passed a second
reading to day.
WASHINGTON, January 25.-Tn the Sen
ate, the bill enlarging the powers of the Freed
men's Bureau was passed. ?
The House adopted a resolution instructing
the Committee on the District of Columbia to
report n bill excluding from thc right of suf
frage parties in this District who were volun
tarily in service in the late Confederacy.
The discussion of the Constitutions) basis
of representation amendment was resumed.
During thc debate, Mr. Bingham, who is a
member of thc Reconstruction Committee,
said it had under consideration another amend
ment to tho Constitution, protecting t.he rights
of all persons, white or black, which had not
heretofore been enforced owing to the want of
power in Congress.
Messrs. Strausse, ' of Pennsylvania, and
Nicholson, of Delaware, favored the admission
of Son they n% Represen ta ti ves, to participate in
a debate so. much concerning their interest.
WASHINGTON, January 26, I860.-The
House resumed the consideration of the con
stitutional amendment relative to the basis of
representation. Harding, of Kentucky, and
Wright, of Now Jersey, during the debate,
spoke in favor of the admission of Southern
Representatives. They said that they could
see no necessity for the constitutional amend*
ment which was intended by the Republicans
as a piece of party management to secure the
suffrage of the negros. The Houso will vote
on the question to-day. Thc Senate consid
ered tho joint resolution for thc appointment
of a Provisional Government in the Southern
States. How.o, of Wisconsin, also introduced
a resolution and made a speech advocating the
WASHINGTON, January 27>-^The House
consumed the day in speech-making, thc Rad
icals insisting on additional guaranties from
tho South before tho admission of its repre
WASHINGTON, January 29.-The Senate,
to-day, discussed the bill to provide for thc
?protection of all persons, without distinction of
color or nico, in their civil rights.
Mr. Triimbull offered, ns an amendment, a
clause that ail persons of African descent, bc-'
ing in the Uniter] States, are citizens thereof,
and made a speech in support of tho bill. >
Mr< Saulsbury replied to Mr. Trumbull,
contending that the liberties of white mea
were entitled to some consideration, aud that'
it wns time to cease shedding tours for negroes.
A resolution was offered, and referred to
the Committee on Naval Affairs, tendering
tho thanks of Congress to Commodore Farra
gut and his officers and men, for their conduct
iii Mobile Bay, iu August, 186-1.
In the IIouse"<Mr. Raymond, of New York,
refuted the position of thoso ?-ho maintained
that the Southern.? States were out of the
Union. This he deuied, and asserted that
Congress had no more power to do anything
against them than, against other parties. Tia
contended that the Southern States, having
beeu re organized, the only question was tho.
admission of their representatives. Congress
should act separately on the cases from each
district, and admit those who ca,n take tho
oath. We have to live with the South and
good polio}', as well as patriotism, should in
duce us to reconciliation. Ile said the House
owed it to its dignity to repudiate the Select
Committee on Reconstruction. Ile concluded
by saying that all the paper Constitutions
would npt save the country unless there wa?
sufficient patriotism among the people.
WASHINGTON, January 30.-The House
j to day recommitted thc proposed constitution
I al amendment in relation to representation,
with restrictions, to the Committee on Recon
struction, and afterwards went into the con
sideration of the Senate bill to cularge the
power of the Freedmen's Bureau.
A resolution, proposing to extend tho cour
tesies of thc floor, to thc members elect from
Arkansas, was disagreed to.
The Senate was engaged in the discussion
of -the bil I .gi vi nj ftpvot eotion to persona i rx their
civil rights (irrespective of color.)
Mr. Trumbull withdrew his amendment
offered yesterday, relative to the declaration
that all persons of African descent u being
residents of the United ?pates aro citizens
thereof," and substituted ouo declaring that
any persons of foreign origin may be declared
citizens without distinction of rac^e, color, &o.
A WonD ron NEWSPAPERS. -We clip the
following article from an exchange. It is
true, and we commend it to every man who
has interest where he resides.
Nothing is more common than to hear peo- ,
pie talk of what they pay newspapers for ad
vertising, etc, as PO much given in charity.-.
Newspapers, by enhancing the value of prop
erty ip their neighborhood, and giving the
localities in which they aro published a repu
tation abroad, benefit all such,, particularly if
they are merchants or real estate owners, thrice
the amount! yearly of the meagre sum they
pay for their support. Besides, every public
spirited citizen has a laudable pride in "having
a paper of which he is not ashamed, even
though he should pick it up iu New York or
A good-looking, thriving sheet helps to sell
property, gives character to the locality, and
in all respects is a desirable public conveni
ence. If, from any cause, the matter in tho
local or editorial columns should not be quite
.up to your standard,- do not cast it asido and
pronounce it of no acoount, until you are sat
isfied that there has been no more in labor be- .
stowed upon it than is paiuMbr. If you want
a good readable sheet it must be supported.
And it must not bo supported rn a spirit of
charity either, but because you feel a necessity .
to support it. The local press is tho "power
that moves the people."--Aeu? York Times.
MASONRY.-Tt numbers to day, within its
secret pale, moro adult, males than all tho re
liaious organizations'on the face of, the earth..
It is as wide-spread as humanity, as universal i
as human language. "Tho Jew, before the
altar on the sacred mount-tho Pasee, in his
adoration of the sun-the Mussulman, bowing
to tie liast in prayer-^-the Greek, before tho
shrine of his divinity-the Christian, in de*
vout faith at tho foot of the Cross, all alike
know and understand tho mystic language."
Kings, princes and potentates of the earth
have beheld with awe i& hieroglyphic light,
and have been proud to wear? its mystic em
blems. It is more powerful thin kingdoms,
principalities and powers, and in ages to come
will be a blessing ?nd a protection to unnum
j herod millions.- Washington Home Gazette. ;
j LOCOMOTIVES are used lu Paris to draw
.tho Omnibusses. 9