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? *j To thine own self be true, and it must follow, as the night the day, thoij, can* si not then be false to ant/ man.'*
BY lt. A. THOMPSON & CO.] PTCKENS C. H., S. C., SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1866. . [VOL. I-NO. 28.
-?- _._ m ' .-1- - - -
'Ti8 Mind that Wakes Nobility.
In ancient timos, when feudal State
Was all tho untaught serf deemed great
When tilts were won when fair cues sato
0 Rebuking imbecility.
When the stout arm was valned mof>t,
And sturdy spirits power could boast, *
To rule a realm, or rout a host
Might seemed to be nobility.
And when of chivalry grown tired.
The world' with love.of woalth was fired, *
And brute strength in arms expired
Of cunning and servility ;.(
Tho patient plodder who could best ?
Resign hi? claim to peace and rest.
Got gold or rank, and thus was blest
With what looked like nobility.
But lawless force lins been laid low ;
Wealth's power must, mee its overthrow;
And Reason, rousing at the blow,
Shat., by lier grand fertility,
Plan greatly for the poor man's good ;
Prove humankind a brotherhood,
And make it owned--felt-understood
That blood Jj at h no nobility.
Look up, then, thou who art oppressed
By those whom fortune hath caressed -
Who have thy bosom oft distressed
Hy slander and scurrility!
Learn all thou canst; bc Heaven adored ;
Keep faith; whate'er thc fates alford
Enjoy, and truckle to no lord :-?.
'Tis mind that makes nobility.
PRESENTMENTS OF THE GRAND JURY
For Pickens District, South Carolina, made
at Spring Tcrm>uf (hc> Court of General
Session* for said District, in the year one
^thoysand. eight jiundrcd and sixty-six.
To the Honorable FRANKLIN J. MOSES, Pre
siding Judge of the said Court :
The G rand Jury aforesaid respectfully beg
leave to make the following prose : intents :
First. They present that tho public roads
Tind bridges in said District are generally m
bad order, and need immediate "attention.
This state of things is so universal throughout
the District that they do not consider ifprnc
- ticao?e to report all the particular instanoos.
"They recommend tUit rules be forthwith
?erved upon the various Com missioners of
Hoads and.Bridges in said Distriet, requiring
them to have the roads within their jurisdic
tions put in good order, and the bridges re
paired or rebuilt as the case may require.
Second. They present that tho Court House
?nd Jail of the District are in general good
repair. Some panes of glass aro wanting and
some small repairs required in both buildings,
which they are satisfied have been neglected
iront thc difficulty with which such repairs
?have been attended for the past few y-Mirs.
Thc Jurors arc satisfied that the Commission
ers of Public Buildings will attend to the mat
ter upon this suggestion, without further no
tion being necessary. Some small matters
beside, are required at the Jail for the comfort
rand decency of thc prisoners, which will doubt
flcsa also be now supplied.
Third. They present that they have exam
ined the offices of the Clerk, Sheriff, Commis
sioner in Equity atid Ordinary of said District,
and cannot refrain from expressing their grat
ification with the neat and accurate manner in
which ''0 records of all these offices, are kept,
and th faithfulness with which the public
business respectively committed to those of
ficers is discharged.
Fourth., They present that thu Poor House
in said District is kept in excellent condition,
and the paupers are as comfortably .provided
for as the resources at tho command of the
i Steward will permit. The paupers speak with
tiatisfaotion of. tho loan ncr in which they are
eared for. There are some lack of comforts,
.owing to thc warft of funds upon tho part of
the Board ; but this^will bo remedied in a few
.weeks, through the collection of tho taxes of
tho District. So soon as the means of the
Board will permit, the Jurors recommend that
an addition of one room, be made to the dwell
ing house, there being no room now sufficient
ly large for tho meeting of the Board or Ju
rors; and also, that an addition bo made to
the Paupers House, the present ono having
but two rooms, is not sufficient even for the
present number of paupers, (being seven) and
in the ?vent of any in?rense of paupers, the
accommodations for them would be entiroly
too contracted. Tho chimney of the paupers'
house should.be built upHiighor, to provept
danger of fire,- which now exists. And some
addition should bc made to the supply of.
crockery, tinwaro and cooking uteusils, that
on hand being very much reduced and worn
out during the .war.
Fifth. They present, that in tho present
source, tmd perhaps insufficient supply of corn
on bund in the District, it is thb true policy
of the people, th?t all of it should be reserved
for food for man nod beast; and they think
that all distillation of grain for the present
should be discountenanced, and that all per
sons who are illeg?illy distilling without the
Hceuse required by law, should be promptly
brought to justice.
Sixth. They present that the present loca
tion of tho Court House for Pickens District,
is an injudicious and unfortunate one, and the
experience of twenty-seven years hus prove?!
that the town cannot flourish at said location.
The population and resources of this District
are sufficient to build up a nourishing town at
the seat of justice, were it advantageously lo
cated ; and the wants of thc District require
that such a town should be established and
promoted. ' To secure such an end, some are
of opinion that the location of the Court House
should bo changed, and some alteration made
in the District boundaries, whilst others think
that the District is large enough to warrant
division, and that two locations for Court
Houses-both different from the . present
should be established. Without expressing
an opinion us to either of these propositions,
the Jurors would respectfully recommend that
some change bc mndo from the present loca
tion, and hope the Legislature at its next ses
sion will take appropriate actiou in the prem
Seventh. They present, that in thc present
condition of returning peace and order, it is
the duty of every good citizen to render a loyal
and hearty obedience to the laws and orders of
the constituted authorities of the land, and to
discountenance and help in bringing to justice
all violators of law and order. That all per
sons should refrain from such acts as would
make them odious to the military, ns well
,.i?s the civil authorities. That the freedmen
in our midst, should be treated with justice
and kindness, and encouraged in pursuing
useful and virtuous lives ; and that in all thc
relations which our citizens bear both to the
State and the Federal Governments, they
should illustrate in their conduct the noble
maxim that "obedience to constituted author
ity is honorable."
Eighth. The Grand Jurors cannot close
these Presentments without reciprocating the
congratulations offered by the presiding Judge
in his charge, at the beginning of the term,
upon thc return of peace to our country, and
the re-inauguration of civil order as evinced
hy the re-establishment of the Courts of Jus
tice in our Districts. They would further
present their thanks to the presiding Judge
for Iiis uniform kindness and valuable assis
tance rendered incmin the discharge of their
duties ; and they also desire to place on record
their high appreciation (formed as well from
.their own observation, as from the unanimous
expression of their fellow-citizens in attend
ance at this Court,) of the faithfulness, zeal
and ability displayed by thc presiding Judge
in the discharge of the duties of tho high po
sition which he occupies and adorns.
EDWARD HUGHES, Foreman.
IN THE SESSIONS-PICKENS DISTRICT
SPUING TERM, 1806.
On hearing the Presentments ot Jie Grand
Jury, it is ordered that the same be filed, and
published in the Keowcc Courier.
Also ordered, that so muon as relates to the
Public Hoads and Bridges, be copied and
8or\*)d on tho Chairmen of the respective
Boards of Commissioners, to be by them laid
before the Boards, with a rule requiring them
to work the Roads and. repair the Bridges as
recommended, reporting their action in the
premises, nt the. next term of this Court.
Also ordered, that so much thereof ns re
lates to the Poor House, bo copied and laid
before thc Com missioners through their Chair
man, for their consideration, and that they
report their action in response to tho next term.
Also ordered, that so much thereof as re
lates to tba Public Buildings, be copied and
sorved on the Commissioners for their consid
eration. And that so much as relates to the
distillation of Spirituous Liquors without Li
oenso, be also copied and served on tho Com
missioners of Public Buildings, with'n rule
requiring them to proceed forthwith to enforce
the Act of the last. Legislature, hy prosecuting
all persons who arc now, or have been since
the passage of thc Act, engaged in distillation,
who have not applied for thc License required
?hy law, nod that they report their action in
thc premises to the next term.
Also ordered, that so lhuoh thereof ns re
lates to the location (.)' the Court House, bc
copied and delivered to the Senator and Rep
resentatives from this District in the General
Assembly. F. J. MOSES.
March 22, 18(50.
FOR THE KKO'WKE COURIER.
Hore about Tobacco
Air. Editor : In this my second article on
the subject of Tobacco, I propose giving some
directions how to prepare thc land for trans
planting, together with some other directions
which will be needed before the third article
makes its appearance :
Thc land having been cut. down, should,
as soon as possible, he cleared of leaves and
trash, and broken up with rt coltd- or small
plow; it should bo broken each way and then
laid off about three feet wide between the rows,
and small hills made with n hoe, about three
feet apart ; or if preferred, it nb be checked
and the hills made where njie furrows cross
each other, though the latter process may bc
delayed till tho plants arc nearly large enough
Tho plants should po from three to five inch
es long, so us to admit ol' being planted suf
ficiently deep to retain molduro about the
roots. They should be planted firmly by press
ing the dirt to thc roots with a planting peg,
unless thc pound is very wet, in which euee,
the pro.s?w> should bi! light ; they must be
planted deep enough for the bud to be even
with thc surface, or a little below it.
Land for Tobacco, whether old or new
ground, should not be permitted to got foul,
either before or after thc crop is planted ; old
land may be kept clean by plowing; and new
ground, by chopping tho- bushes and weeds
with a hoe. Tobacco, in old ground, will need
plowing and hoeing about as often as corn
and in new ground, must be cultivated entire
ly with the hoe, after it is planted.
With these remarks, I hope the planters will
see their way clear until thd appearance of my
D. LEST KR.
,-.y ? ? - -T-'
Thc following "General Order, No. 4," was
issued by Col. BROWN, Military commandant
of the 3d Sub District, whose headquarters
are at Anderson C. II. :
lt having been ascertained upon reliable au
thority that certain person* in different parts
of this Sub District have advised tho planters,
in some instances, not to have their contracts
with freedmen approved ; and in other instan
ces, not to have them made in writing; it is
hereby ordered, ?
I. That all Contracts made with freedmen
for more than one mouth, uvusf bc reduced to
writing in triplicate, and approved at the
Headquarters of thc nearest Post.
II. Any person who shall advise either
planter or freedmen not to have their Contracts
reduced to writing and iipprovcd, will be liable
to a fino of not less than Twenty-five, and not
more than Ono Hundred Dollars, or imprison*
ment for a term of not less than ten and not
more than thirty days, or both fine and im
prisonment, ns thc Provost Court, may-decide.
III. All freedincti and women now etn
pl< ed must be contracted with on ot before
the 25th day of March. All persons who inay
have freedmen in theil*employaftfertho twen
ty-fifth, and have not had their Contracts .re
duced to writing and approved, will bo liable
to a f ne of not less than Twenty-five, and not
more than One Hundred Dollars.
IV. Any parson who may have freedmen
tn their employ at this time, tinder verbal con
tracts, and dismiss thc same to avoid a written
contract, shall pay to fetich male so employed
at the rates of Twelve Dollars per month, for
all time so employed since tho first day of
January, 1806 ; and nil females so employed,
at the rate of Eight Dollars per month. .
V. After a Contract has been approved by
tho proper authority, f it cannot.be annulled
except by mutual consent of fhe contracting
parties. Any person"or persons who may or
shall influence any freedmen so employed to
leave their employer, or violate their contract,
; or give >omployment to nny such freedmen
! without the consent of their employer, shall bo
likable to a fine of Ono tl ondrea Dollars, and
be imprisoned at thc discretion of the Provost
BUREAU REFUGEES, FREEDMEN ")
AND ABAN* DON ED LANDS. SO. CA. >
Charleston, S. C. March 7,18G6. J
'General Orders Ax?. 9.
I. Tho former owners of land upon thc Sea
Islands, on tho coast of South Carolina, with
the exception of Port Royal, St. Helena, La
dies and Hilton Hoad Islands, and such other
Islands as may have been sold by thc United
States Tax Commissioners for taxes, and the
owners of hind on the Mit;lt, embraced in Gen.
Sherman's Special Field Orders No. 15, will
be permitted to return and occupy their lands,
or a portion of thom, subject to thc terms aud
eond'tions hereinafter specified.
1L Neither owners of laud oor freed people
I will be allowed to make threats against each
other or the authorities of the United States,
to use any violence, or to say or di) anything
to disturb the peace on said Islands j but all
disputes will be referred to Major J. E.. Cor
nelius, Acting Sub-Assistant Commissioner,
at Rook ville, on Wadmalaw Island, for justi
III. Grants of land made to the freed peo
ple in pood faith, by proper authority.hud oc
cupied by them under the provision? nf Gen.
Sherman's Special Field Orders No. li"), dated
January Ki, 1805, will be held as ?rood and
valid, until changed ?r modified by competent
authority. But Major Cornelius, Acting Sub
Assistant Commissioner for Sea Islands,- may
set, apr.vt, and non so) vitter* then) contiguous to
each other, un'one portion of the plantation
upon which grants have been given, in such
manner as to give the freed people a part pos
sessing average fertility and other advantages,
and Ht the same time place'no unnecessary ob
stacles i?) the way of the owners occupying
and cultivating thc remaining portion of tho
IV. Tho former owners of hindson the said
Islands and thc Main, will be allowed to occu
1 py and cultivate the same when not assigned
I to freo'ipeople, - as described in the preceding
section. Such owners are recommended to
biro freed people on terms satisfactory to both
parties and approved by thc Bureau.
V. Tho people now on the Islands and
Main, not having grants of land, will not be
forced to leave present domicile until thc own
j Crs of tho lands upon which they may be loca
ted, or their representatives, shall have offered
then) opportunities of labor upon such terms
aild conditions as shall l?o satisfactory to this
Bureau. Should such freed people refuse to
accept thc ?fters thus made, they shall remove .
. from such plantations, and allow the owners
thereof thc opportunity to hire others to culti- ,
vate the same.
VI. Nothing in this Order shall be con
strued into a formal restoration of such lands.
By order of Brig. Gen. R. K SCOTT,
H. W. SMITH, Assis'? Adj't Gen.
Official : H. W. SMITH, A. A. G. ,
THE SPRING TRADE -The heavy decline
in many lines of goods and the fall in general
merchandise are having a very unsettling ef
fect on the Spring trade, and business is much
inoro bookward at this season than had boer?
anticipated. Many of our merchants are very
much discouraged, both on account of flt? .
limited demands, and the heavy losses up. it
tho stock in hand. They may take it for cer
tain, we think, that this fall is not a tuero
fluctuation, which may take another d?eetion
in another day.' It is quite sure to prove per?
mancnt, and tobe followed, by-andby, by
further movements in the same direction.
This ia the legitimate course now atid hence
forward, and all parties might ns well preparo
for it. .lt will take from many dealers a por
tion of the heavy profits of previous years ;
but it will also ?jclp to bring about a time in
which the (tourac of trade will be more steady,
and its results, on tho whole? more satisfactory.
[Now York Times.
THE Democratic State Convention of Indi
ana has adopted resolutions strongly endorsing;
tho policy of tho Administration, and denying;
the right of secession j also, pledging the sup
port of the Democracy of Iudinna to President